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首页 2004年北京大学考博英语真题.doc

2004年北京大学考博英语真题.doc

2004年北京大学考博英语真题.doc

上传者: 雨林沐风1234 2017-08-11 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《2004年北京大学考博英语真题doc》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含北京大学年博士研究生入学考试试题PartOneListeningComprehension(略)PartTwoStructureandWritten符等。

北京大学年博士研究生入学考试试题PartOneListeningComprehension(略)PartTwoStructureandWrittenExpressionDirections:IneachquestiondecidewhichofthefourchoicesgivenwillmostsuitablycompletethesentenceifinsertedattheplacemarkedPuttheletterofyourchoiceontheANSWERSHEET()Thebeautyofthereflectedimagesinthelimpidpoolwasthepoignantbeautyofthingsthatare,existingonlyuntilthesunsetAequitableBephemeralCeuphoniousDevasiveBroodingandhopelessnessaretheofIndiansintheprairiereservationsmostofthetimeAoccupationsBpromisesCfrustrationsDtransactionsWhataboutthatarticleinthenewspaperwasthatitswritershowedanattitudecoolenough,professionalenoughand,therefore,cruelenoughwhenfacingthatdisasterstrickenfamilyAworkedmeoutBknockedmeoutCbroughtmeupDputmeforwardconsideredthehumanbodyaestheticallysatisfactoryANeitherprehistoriccavemannorlateindustrialurbanmanBNorprehistoriccavemanorlateindustrialurbanmanCNoprehistoriccavemannorlateindustrialurbanmanDNeitherprehistoriccavemanorlateindustrialurbanmanNotuntilthe#sinBeijingstarttofindwaystopreservehistoricbuildingsfromdestructionAsomeconcernedcitizensBsomeconcerningcitizensCdidsomeconcerningcitizensDdidsomeconcernedcitizensThebuttocksaremostotherpartsinthebodyAlikelylesstocausefataldamagethanBlikelylesscausingfataldamagetoClesslikelytocausefataldamagethanDlesslikeytocausefataldamagetoTheconceptofinternet,hasintriguedscientistssincethemidthcenturyAthetransmissionofimages,soundsandmessagesoverdistancesBtransmittingofimages,soundsandmessagesalongdistancesCtotransmitimages,soundsandmessagesondistanceDthetransmissibilityofimages,soundsandmessagesfordistancesBecauseofdifficultiesingettingavisa,thestudentshadtotheideaofapplyingforstudyintheUnitedStatesAreduceByieldCrelinquishDwaverHisrequestforadayoffbythemanagerofthecompanyAwasturnedoffBwasturneddownCwasputdownDwasputawayTheindexofindustrialproductionlastyearAraisedupbypercentBroseupwithpercentCaroseupwithpercentDwentupbypercentPleaseifyouevercometoSydneyAlookatmeBlookmeupClookmeoutDlooktomeBritishhopesofagoldmedalintheOlympicGamessufferedyesterday,whenHunterfailedtoqualifyduringthepreliminaryheatsAasharpsetbackBseveresetbackCasevereblownupDsharpblownupBytheendoftheyear,heinthearmyforyearsAwillhaveservedBwillserveCwillbeservingDwillbeservedtherewasanepidemicapproaching,MrSmiththeinvitationtovisitthatareaAIfheknew,wouldhavedeclinedBIfhehadknown,woulddeclineCHadheknown,woulddeclineDHadheknown,wouldhavedeclinedInthedarktheycouldnotseeanythingclear,butcouldAhearsomebodymournBhearsomebodymourningChearsomebodymournedDhearsomebodyhadbeenmourningTheteamleaderofmountainclimbersmarkedoutAthatseemedtobethebestrouteBwhatseemedtobethebestrouteCwhichseemedtobethebestrouteDsomethingthattobethebestrouteTheschemewassoimpracticablethatIrefusedevenAtoconsidersupportingitBconsideringtosupportitCtoconsideringtosupportitDconsideringsupportingitAmongthefirsttocomeandliveinNorthAmerica,wholaterprosperedmainlyinNewEnglandAhadbeenDutchsettlersBDutchsettlerswerethereCwereDutchsettlersDDutchsettlershadbeenthereThecargoboxhasalabelonitPleasehandleitwithcareAldquoflexiblerdquoBldquobreakrdquoCldquofragilerdquoDldquostiffrdquowewishhimprosperous,wehaveobjectionstohiswaysofobtainingwealthAMuchasBAsmuchCMoreasDAswellasPartThreeReadingComprehensionⅠDirections:EachofthepassagesisfollowedbysomequestionsForeachquestionfouranswersaregivenReadthepassagescarefullyandchoosethebestanswertoeachquestionPutyouranswerontheANSWERSHEET()PassageOneWhatMakesaldquoMillennialMindrdquoSinceAD,aroundbillionpeoplehavebeenbornonourplanetThevastmajorityhavecomeandgoneunknowntoallbuttheirfriendsandfamilyAfewhaveleftsometraceonhistory:adiscoverymade,perhaps,orarecordbrokenOfthose,fewerstillarerememberedlongaftertheirdeathYetofallthepeoplewhohavelivedtheirlivesduringthelast,years,justhaveachievedthestatusofldquoMillennialMindsrdquothat#sbarelyoneinabillionThosewhoselivesFocushaschronicledhavethusbecomemembersofpossiblythemostexclusivelistofalltimeAndchoosingwhoshouldbeincludedwasnoteasyFromthebeginning,thesinglemostimportantcriterionwasthattheldquoMillennialMindsrdquoarethosewhodidmorethanmerelyachievegreatnessintheirowntime,orinonefieldThusmerewinnersofNobelPrizeshadnoautomaticrighttoinclusion,norartistswhogainedfameintheirownera,butwhosereputationhasfadedwithchangingfashionTheachievementsofthegenuineldquoMillennialMindrdquoaffectourlivesevennow,ofteninwayssofundamentalthatitishardtoimaginewhattheworldwaslikebeforeNoteventranscendentgeniuswasenoughtoguaranteeaplaceintheFocuslistTorateasaldquoMillennialMindrdquo,thelifeandachievementsalsohadtocastlightonthecomplexnatureofcreativity:itsorigins,nature,anditspersonalcostThefirstparagraphtellsusthatAFocushadalistofldquoMillennialMindsrdquoworkedoutinsecretBFocushadcompiledabiographicalbookofthelivesofldquoMillennialMindsrdquoCFocus#slistoftheldquoMillennialMindsrdquoconsistsofastrictlyselectedfewDFocustriedhardtoexcludemostofthefamouslivesfromthelistoftheldquoMillennialMindsrdquoAccordingtothesecondparagraph,whichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEANobelPrizewinnersarenotqualifiedfortheldquoMillennialMindsrdquoBAldquoMillennialMindrdquoneedsonlytohaveagreatinfluenceonthelivesofthepeopleofhistimeCOnlythosewhoseachievementsstillgreatlyaffectourlivestodaycanbeincludedinthelistoftheldquoMillennialMindsrdquoDTheldquoMillennialMindsrdquoarethosewhohavechangedhumanlivessomuchthatpeopleoflatergenerationscannotrememberwhatthingswerelikeinthepastInthefirstsentenceofthethirdparagraph,ldquotranscendentgeniusrdquomeansApeoplewhoareexceptionallysuperiorandgreatintalentBpeoplewhoseachievementsarenotforgottenbylatergenerationsCpeoplewhosegeniushasbeenpasseddowntothepresenttimeDpeoplewhohaveguaranteedthemselvesaplaceintheFocuslistInthethirdparagraph,thephraseldquocastlightonrdquocanbereplacedbyAshineoverBlightupCshedlightonDbrightenupPassageTwoTributetoDrCarloUrbani,IdentifierofSARSOnthethofMarch,,theWorldHealthOrganizationdoctorCarolUrbanidiedofSevereAcuteRespiratorySyndrome,thefastspreadingpneumoniathathadkilledpeopleworldwideTheyearoldItaliandoctorwasthefirstWHOofficertoidentifytheoutbreakofthisnewdiseaseinanAmericanbusinessmanDrUrbanifirstsawtheUSbusinessmanonFeb,twodaysafterthepatienthadbeenadmittedtoahospitalinHanoiAlthoughUrbanihadwornamask,helackedgogglesandotherprotectiveclothingHebegandemandingthatHanoihospitalsstockuponprotectivegearandtightenupinfectioncontrolproceduresButhewasfrustratedathowlongitwastakingtoteachinfectioncontrolprocedurestopeopleinhospitalsTherewereshortagesofsupplies,likedisposablemasks,gowns,glovesAfterthreeweeksofroundtheclockeffort,Urbani#ssuperiorurgedhimtotakeafewdaysofftoattendamedicalmeetinginBangkok,wherehewastotalkonchildhoodparasitesThedayafterhearrived,hebeganfeelingillwithsymptomsofthenewdiseaseHecalledhiswife,nowlivinginHanoiwiththeirthreechildrenHesaid:ldquoGobacktoItalyandtakethechildren,becausethiswillbetheendformerdquoDrUrbanidevelopedafeverandwasputintoisolationwhereheremaineduntilhisdeathTheWHOrepresentativeinHanoisaid:ldquoHewasverymuchadoctor,hisfirstgoalwastohelppeoplerdquoHewasburiedonApril,inCastelplanio,centralItaly,leavingbehindhiswifeandchildrenThemeasureshehelpedputinplacebeforehisdeathappeartohavedousedtheSARSwildfireinVietnamWhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTTRUEADrUrbanicaughtSARSfromanAmericanbusinessmanwhowashospitalizedinHanoiBTherewerenotenoughdisposablemasks,gowns,glovesandprotectiveequipmentCHeknewhehadlittlehopetosurviveafterhewasfoundinfectedDDrUrbanihadhelpedcombatingthenewdiseasebyputtinginplaceaseriesofinfectioncontrolmeasuresInthethirdparagraph,ldquothreeweeksofroundclockeffortrdquomeansAforthreeweeksthehospitalwastakinginSARSpatientswithoutstoppingBDrUrbaniworkeddayandnightforthreeweeks,tryingtogetSARSundercontrolCforthreeweeksDrUrbanididnothaveanytimetosleep,tryinghardtofightthenewdiseaseDAfterthreeweekshardworktocontrolSARS,thehospitalsuperiorthoughtitwastimetostoptheclockAccordingtothecontext,thewordldquodousedrdquointhelastsentenceofthispassagecouldbebestreplacedwithAextinguishedBeliminatedCsolvedDdelugedPassageThreeGlassSincetheBronzeAge,aboutBC,glasshasbeenusedformakingvariouskindsofobjectsItwasfirstmadefromamixtureofsilica,lime,andanalkalisuchassodaorpotash,andtheseremainedthebasicingredientsofglassuntilthedevelopmentofleadglassintheseventeenthcenturyWhenheatedthemixturebecomessoftandmoldableandcanbeformedbyvarioustechniquesintoavastarrayofshapesandsizesThehomogeneousmassthusformedbymeltingthencoolstocreateglass,butincontrasttomostmaterialsformedinthisway(metals,forinstance),glasslacksthecrystallinestructurenormallyassociatedwithsolids,andinsteadretainstherandommolecularstructureofaliquidIneffect,asmoltenglasscools,itprogressivelystiffensuntilrigid,butdoessowithoutsettingupanetworkofinterlockingcrystalscustomarilyassociatedwiththatprocessThisiswhyglassshatterssoeasilywhendealtablowAnotherunusualfeatureofglassisthemannerinwhichitsviscositychangesasitturnsfromacoldsubstanceintoahot,ductileliquidUnlikemetalsthatfloworldquofreezerdquoatspecifictemperatures,glassprogressivelysoftensasthetemperaturerises,goingthroughvaryingmoldablestagesuntilitflowslikeathicksyrupEachofthesestagesallowstheglasstobemanipulatedintovariousforms,bydifferenttechniques,andifsuddenlycooledtheobjectretainstheshapeachievedatthatpointGlassisthusopentoagreaternumberofheatformingtechniquesthanmostothermaterialsAccordingtothepassageglasscoolsandbecomesrigiddifferentlyfrommetalsbecauseAithasanunusuallylowmeltingtemperatrueBitdoesnotsetupanetworkofinterlockingcrystalsCithasarandommolecularstructureofaliquidDitismadefromamixtureofsilica,lime,andsodaInthephraseldquowithoutsettingupanetworkofinterlockingcrystalscustomarilyassociatedwiththatprocessrdquointhesecondparagraph,asubstituteforthewordldquocustomarilyrdquomaybeAcontinuouslyBcertainlyCeventuallyDusuallyGlasscanbeeasilymoldedintoallkindsofformsbecauseAitmeltslikeliquidwhenheatedBitsoftensgraduallythroughvaryingstageswhenheatedCitretainstheshapeatthepointwhenitissuddenlycooledDvariousheatingtechniquescanbeusedinmakingglassⅡDirections:ReadthefollowingpassagecarefullyandthenexplaininyourownEnglishtheexactmeaningofthenumberedandunderlinedpartsPutyouranswersontheANSWERSHEET()Noonegetsoutofthisworldalive,andfewpeoplecomethroughlifewithoutatleastoneseriousillness()Ifwearegivenaseriousdiagnosis,itisusefultotrytoremainfreeofpanicanddepressionPaniccanconstrictbloodvesselsandimposeanadditionalburdenontheheart()Depression,asmedicalresearcherswaybacktoGalen,anancientGreekdoctor,haveobserved,cansetthestageforotherillnessesorintensifyexistingonesItisnosurprisethatsomanypatientswholearnthattheyhavecancerorheartdiseaseoranyothercatastrophicdiseasebecomeworseatthetimeofdiagnosis()Themomenttheyhavealabeltoattachtotheirsymptoms,theillnessdeepensAlltheterriblethingstheyhaveheardaboutdiseaseproducethekindofdespairthatinturncomplicatestheunderlyingcondition()Itisnotunnaturaltobeseverelyapprehensiveaboutaseriousdiagnosis,butareasonableconfidenceisjustifiedCancertoday,forexample,islargelyatreatablediseaseAheavilydamagedheartcanbereconditioned()EvenapositiveHIVdiagnosisdoesnotnecessarilymeanthattheillnesswillmoveintotheactivestagePartFourClozeTestDirections:FillineachnumberedblankinthefollowingpassagewithONEsuitablewordtocompletethepassagePutyouranswersontheANSWERSHEET()FlowersfortheDeadSinceflowerssymbolizenewlife,itmayseeminappropriatetohavethematfuneralsYetpeopleinmanyculturestopcoffinsorcasketswithwreathsandgarlandsandputblossomsonthegravesofthe()Thiscustomispartofawidespread,longlivedpatternEdwinDanielWolffspeculatedthatfloraltributestothedeadareanoutgrowthofthegravegoodsofancient()Inculturesthatfirmlybelievedinan(),andbelievedfurtherthatthedepartedcouldenterthatafterlifeonly()theytookwiththemindicationsoftheirworldlystatus,itwasanecessitytoburythedeadwithmaterialgoods:hencethewivesandanimalsthatwerekilledtoaccompany()rulers,theriches()withEgyptianpharaohs,andthecoinsthatEuropeansusedtoplaceonthedepartedperson#seyesaspaymentfortheStygianferrymanIntime,aseconomymodifiedtradition,theactual()goodswerereplaced()symbolicrepresentationsInChina,forexample,goldandsilverpaperbecameastandin()realmoneyEventuallyeventhesymbolicsignificancebecameobscuredThus,Wolffsaid,flowersmaybethe()stepinldquothreewellmarkedstagesofofferingstothedead:theactualobject,itssubstituteinvariousforms,andmdashfinallymdashmeretributesofrespectrdquoPartFiveProofreadingDirections:ThispartconsistsofashortpassageInthispassage,therearealtogethermistakes,oneineachunderlinedsentenceorpartofasentenceYoumayhavetochangeaword,addawordorjustdeleteawordIfyouchangeaword,crossitoutwithaslash()andwritethecorrectwordnearitIfyouaddaword,writethemissingwordbetweenthewords(inbrackets)immediatelybeforeandafteritIfyoudeleteaword,crossitoutwithaslash()PutyouranswersontheANSWERSHEET()Examples:eg()ThemeetingbegunhoursagoCorrectionintheANSWERSHEET:()begunbeganeg()ScarcelytheysettledthemselvesintheirseatsinthetheatrewhenthecurtainswentupCorrectionintheANSWERSHEET:()(Scarcely)had(they)eg()NeverwillInotdoitagainCorrectionintheANSWERSHEET:()not()HomescouldstartbeenconnectedtotheInternetthroughelectricaloutlets()Inthisway,consumersandbusinessmayfindeasiertomakecheapertelephonecallsundernewrulesthattheFederalCommunicationsCommissionbeganpreparingonThursday()Takingtogether,thenewrulescouldprofoundlyaffectthearchitectureoftheInternetandtheservicesitprovides()Theyalsohaveenormousimplicationsforconsumers,thetelephoneandenergyindustries,equipmentmanufacturersMichaelKPowell,theFCCchairman,andhistwoRepublicancolleaguesonthefivemembercommissionsaidthat()atovoteonThursdaytoallowasmallcompanyprovidingcomputertocomputerphoneconnectionstooperateindifferentrulesfromordinaryphonecompanies,wouldultimatelytransformthetelecommunicationsindustryandtheInternet()ldquoThisisareflectingofthecommission#scommitmenttobringtomorrow#stechnologytoconsumerstoday,rdquosaidMrPowellHeaddedthat()therulesgoverningthenewphoneservicessoughttomakethemaswideavailableasemail,()andpossiblymuchlessexpensivethantraditionalphones,andgiventheirlowerregulatorycostsAtthesametime,()oncewhiletherulesallowingdeliveryoftheInternetthroughpowerlinesarecompleted,()companiescouldprovideconsumerswiththeabilitytoplugtheirmodemsdirectlyintowallsockets,justliketheydowithatoaster,oradesklampPartSixWritingDirections:WriteashortcompositionofabouttowordsonthetopicgivenbelowAndwritethecompositionontheANSWERSHEET()Topic:EpidemicDiseasesandPublicHealthCrises试题详解PartOneListeningComprehension(略)PartTwoStructureandWrittenExpressionBABADCACBDBAADBBACCAPartThreeReadingComprehensionⅠPassageOneCCACPassageTwoDBAPassageThreeBDBⅡ()Ifyouareseriouslyill,it#sgoodforyounottobepanicanddepressed()Medicalresearchers,amongwhomGalen,anancientGreekdoctor,isthefirstone,havefoundoutthatdepressioncannotonlyresultinotherillnessbutalsoaggravateexistingones()Oncetheyknowwhatillnessthey#vegot,theygetworse()Formostpeople,it#sdifficulttoaccepttheterriblefactandremainsensible,butweshouldatleasthaveconfidenceinourselves()EvenifyougetaHIVdiagnosis,itisstillpossibleforyoutoavoidtheoutbreakPartFourClozeTest()dead()traditions()afterlife()if()the()or()grave()by()for()lastPartFiveProofreading()beenbeing()(finDit(easier)()takingTaken()(industries),and(equipment)()inunder()reflectingreflection()widewidely()andgivengiven()while()likeasPartSixWritingEpidemicDiseasesandPublicHealthCrisesWhenSARSepidemicsweptacrossChinaandstirredupeventheentireglobelastyear,peoplefinallycametorealizetheconceptofpublichealthcrises,whichinrealityhavealreadyaffectedourlifeinvariouswaysWhydidn#twerecognizethisuntilourlifehasbeenendangeredSurely,epidemicdiseasesasakindofpublichealthcrises,havecontributedtopeople#sperceptionofpublichealthcrisesPublichealthitselfisnotnew,butthetermrdquopublichealthcrisesldquohasbeenfreshformostpeopleinChinaItincludesnotonlyoutbreaksofdiseases,butalsowatererosion,deforestation,desertificationandmanyotherproblemswhichmankindasawholemustfaceEversincetheindustrialrevolutionandgreateconomicexpansion,people#slifehasbeenchallengedinonewayoranotherduetolotsofirresponsiblebehaviorsofmankindMostofthetime,peoplehaveaccustomedtotheirordinarywayoflifeanddonotsparetimeincomprehendingtheimminentcrisesOntheotherhand,epidemicoutbreaksalwaystakeonaverysevereoutlookandthusposedirectdangerstocommonpeopleTheyaffectpeople#sdailyactivitiesandeventheirlives,andthatiswhytheycansuccessfullyarousepeople#sconcernsabouttheirownhealthTosomeextent,ourawarenessofourdininghabitsandcarelessnessinprotectingtheenvironmentcanbeattributedtotheoutbreakofsomeepidemics,likeSARSandbirdfluWeshouldallbegratitudeforthisawarenessbroughtaboutbysomeepidemicsAsChinaandtheworld#seconomycontinuetoexpand,governmentsandpeoplearefullyawarethatsomemeasureshavetobetakentofendoffanypossibledangertopublichealth

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