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首页 2002年北京大学考博英语真题.doc

2002年北京大学考博英语真题.doc

2002年北京大学考博英语真题.doc

上传者: 雨林沐风1234 2017-08-11 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《2002年北京大学考博英语真题doc》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含北京大学年博士研究生入学考试试题PartOne:StructureandWrittenExpressionDirection:Ineachquest符等。

北京大学年博士研究生入学考试试题PartOne:StructureandWrittenExpressionDirection:IneachquestiondecidewhichofthefourchoicesgivenwillmostsuitablycompletethesentenceifinsertedattheplacemarkedPuttheletterofyourchoiceintheANSWERSHEET()Thedoctor#sisthatshe#llsoonbeasgoodasnewifshetakesinsulinandwatchesherdietAagnosticismBanticipationCdiagnosisDprognosisItisunderstoodbyallconcernedthatthewordnoonewhovisitshimeverbreatheasyllableofmhishearingwillremainforeverunspokenAuncommunicativelyBacceptablyCtacitlyDtaciturnlyspringsnotoutoftrueanddeepadmiration,butmoreoftenoutofaselfseekingwishtoidentifywithsomeoneimportantorfamousAAcomplimentBAnadulatoryCFlatteryDPraiseLeavingforworkmplentyoftimetocatchthetrainwillworryaboutbeinglateAruleoffBpreventCavoidDobviateNicholasChauvin,aFrenchsoldier,airedhisvenerationofNapoleonBonapartesoandunceasinglythathebecamethelaughingstockofallpeopleinEuropeAvociferouslyBpatrioticallyCverboselyDloquaciouslyPeoplesufferingfromprefertostayshutintheirhomesandbecomepanicstrickenmlargepublicbuildingsandopenfieldsA,acrophobiaBagoraphobiaCclaustrophobiaDxenophobiaAllnormalhumanbeingsareatleasttoadegreetheygetafeelingofwarmthandkinshipfromengagingingroupactivitiesAsegregatedBcongregationalC,gregariousDegregiousHeisdrinker,whohasbeenimbibingforsolongthathehasfigurativelyspeaking,grownoldwiththeviceAaninveterateBanincorrigibleCachronicDanunconscionableWelisteneddumbstruck,fullof,totheshockingdetailsofthecorruptionoftheexpresidentofthecompareAincredalityBingenuityCingenuousnessDincredibilityToomuchcanpossiblyleadtounhappiness,eventothoughtsofsuicideasfewpeoplehavethecouragetoanalyzethemselvesobjectivelyandminutelyAretrospectBretrospectionCperspicacityDperspicuityHydrocarbons,byengineexhausts,reactwithnitrogenoxidesinthepresenceofsunlighttoformcomplextoxicgasesAaregivenoffBgiveoffCtheyaregivenoffDgivenoffHecouldhardlyhistemperwhenhesawthestateofhisofficeAholdinBholdupCholdoffDholdoutThestatesmanwasevidentlybythejournalist#squestionsandglaredathimforafewsecondsAputdownBputoutCputacrossDputaway,itiswidelyusedinmakingflaresandfireworksA,AsthebrilliantwhitelightthatburningmagnesiumproducesBBecauseofthebrilliantwhitelightofburningmagnesiumCThebrilliantwhitelightofburningmagnesiumDBurningmagnesiumproducesabrilliantwhitelighttotellusthattheinterestoftheindividualshouldbesubordinatetothatofthecollectiveAWereyouusedBAreyouusedCDidyouuseDDoyouusedIwouldhavegonetothelecturewithyouIwassobusyAexceptthatBprovidedthatCbutthatDonlythatThedetectivewatchedandsawthesuspectahotelatthecomerofthestreetAgettingoffthetaxiandwalkingintoBgotoffthetaxiandwalkedintoCgetoffthetaxiandwalkintoDgotoffthetaxitowalkintoThechildisalltheevidenceforhisopinionAnotencouragedeithertobecriticalortoexamineBencouragedeithertobecriticalnortoexamineCeitherencouragedtobecriticalortoexamineDneitherencouragedtobecriticalnortoexamineTobesure,therewouldbescarcelynotimeleftoverforotherthingsifschoolchildrenallsidesofeverymatteronwhichtheyholdopinionsAwouldhavebeenexpectedtohaveconsideredBwereexpectedtoconsiderCwillbeexpectedtohavebeenconsideredDwereexpectedtohaveconsideredWheneverworkisbeingdone,energyfromoneformintoanotherAconvertsBconvertedCisconvertedDisbeingconvertedPartTwo:ReadingComprehensionIDirection:EachofthepassagesisfollowedbysomequestionsForeachquestionfouranswersaregivenReadthepassagescarefullyandchoosethebestanswertoeachquestionPatyourchoiceintheANSWERSHEET()PassageOnTheAerospaceBicycleThatFelltoEarth()AradicalnewbicyclehaditsfirstpublicshowingattheNationalBritishCyclingChampionshipsinShrewsburylastweekendBasedonthegoldmedalwinningdesignfromtheBarcelonaOlympics,itisthefirstcommercialmountainbikemadeofasinglepieceofcarbonfibre()BicyclesforamateurshaveuptonownommadeofsteelaluminiumormagnesiumtubesweldedtogetherintotheconventionalAflameshapeButlastyear,theBritishcompetitorChrisBoardmansetworldrecordswhilewinningtitlesintheOlympiccyclingpursuiteventsonacustombuilt,carbonfibrebicyclewithlowerweightandwindresistancethanstandardmodelsBecausecarbonfibreisbothlightandextremelystrong,itdoesnotneedtheAframeshape,savingfurtherweightCarbonfibrecanalsobemouldedinasinglepiece,avoidingtheweaknessofwelds(),Thenewbike,whichwillcostbetween$and$whenitreachestheshopsnextmonth,hasthesameadvantagesastheOlympicmodelItweighsaboutkilograms,asavingofkilogramsonmetalframesWithnocrossbar,ithasalowercentreofgravity,makingiteasiertouseinraceconditionsWhenyou#redoingsomeaggressiveriding,youthrowthebikeaboormsidetoside,explainsEddieEccleston,,directorofBritishEagle,aBritishbicyclemanufacturerbasedinPowys,Wales,whichismarketingthebikesThelowcentreofgravitygivesyoubettercontrol()TheframesarebeingmadeintheUSforBritishEaglebySPsystemsinCamarillo,California,whichhasclientsintheaerospaceindustryThisisaerospacetechnologybroughtintocyclingbyenthusiasts,saysEcclestonWhenprofessionalstestedracingversionsofthebikebeforetheTourdeFrance,theywerequickerthanmetalversionsbyuptosecondsperkilometre()Thenewdesignhasnostrutsbetweenthesaddleandthebackwheelinstead,theframe#sflexibilitycanbetunedtoindividualtastesbychangingthemixtureofKevlarfibreandcarbonfibreinthebackwheelstrut,allowinguptocentimetresofmovement()ThecarbonfibredesignhasalowercentreofgravityandsmootherbackwheelsuspensionthanconventionalbikeslThenewbicycleexhibitedattheNationalBritishCyclingChampionshipswasradicalbecauseAitwasmadefromthegoldmedalwinningdesignoftheBarcelonaOlympicsBitwasthefastcommercialmountainbikeCitspublicshowinglastweekendarousedmanypeople#scuriosityDitwasmadeofonesinglepieceofcarbonfibreAccordingtothecontext,bicyclesforamateursatthebeginningofthesecondparagraphreferstobicyclesAthatpeoplebuyonlyforridingintheirdailylifeBthatareboughtbyamateurcyclistswholikecyclingasanexerciseCthatarebuiltforcustomersingeneralDthatnonOlympiccompetitorsuseWhichofthefollowingstatementsisNottrueAThenewcommercialbikehasnocrossbaranditscentreofgravityislowerthantheOlympicmodelBWhentheriderisdoingsomeroughriding,thenewbike#slowcetnreofgravitygiveshimbettercontrolCThenewbikeismadebyusingaerospacetechnologyandisquickerthantheconventionalbikebysecondsperkilometreDThenewbikehasnometalbarbetweenthesaddleandthebackwheel,andtheamountofcarbonfibreusedinthebackwheelcanbechangedaccordingtotheuser#stastePassageTwoFreeAdviceIsJustAroundtheCorner()WhenDanielFranklin,apoliticalscienceprofessorfromAtlanta,neededcareeradvancementadvice,hedidn#tturntocolleagues,therapistsorevenhismom()HewenttotheAdviceLadies()ThreethirtysomethingNewYorkwomen,advertisingfreelancersbyday,haveturnedthemselvesintoSaturdayafternoonstreetcomeroracles,theypulluplawnchairsandatableonalowerManhattanstreetcomeranddishoreeadvicetopassersbyThey#veclaimedthecomerofWestBroadwayandBroomeStreetinSohoastheirownforthelastseveralmonths()AmyAlkon,who,withlongtimefriendsMarloweMinnickandCarolynJohnson,becomesaparttimeshrinkeachweekendWeusecreativeproblemsolvingtoturnproblemintofun,shesays()Onarecentsteamyafternoon,alinehasformedinfrontoftheAdviceLadies#tableObviously,NewYorkersneedplentyofhelpPeoplefeeltheyhavenocontrolinthiscrazyworldAndtherapycantakeyears,MinnicksaysWesolveproblemsinstantly,it#sinstantanswergratification#()Thethreebrainstormbeforedeliveringadviceoneverythingfrompetdiscipline,closetspacemanagement,evenhaircareButnolegaladviceByfar,mostofourquestionsareloverelatedIt#samazingtheintimatesexualproblemsthatpeoplewilldivulgetoatotalstranger,Alkonsays()Buttheywon#tbestrangersmuchlongerTheAdviceLadiesareputtingtogetherabookdealAndRobertDeNiroiscrewingatalkshowaroundthem,duenationallythisfallfromhisTribecaPicutres()DeNiroaskedusforadvice,butwethinkhe#salreadyperfect,purrsAlkon()AndtheircareeradvicetoFranklinHe#swrittenabook,sowetoldhimtogetamanagerandgoonthetouringcircuitIt#sgreatmoneyandgreatpublicityforthebook()Goodadvice,saysFranklinTherewereAaboutNewYorkwomenwhoofferedfreeadvicebydayBthreewomenfreelancersaboutyearsoldwhoofferedadvertisingadviceonSaturdayCaboutwomenadvertisingfreelancersofferedadviceeverySaturdayafternooninNewyorkDthreewomenaboutyearsold,whodidadvertisingasajob,offeredfreeadviceeverySaturdayafternoonTheseadvisorsAchangedtheNewYorkstreetcomersintooraclesBusedtheNewYorkstreetcomersastheiradviceofficeCsatatastreetcomertogivepeoplefreeadviceDmadeastreetcomertheirplacetopredictthefuturetopassersbyNewYorkerscametotheAdviceLadiesbecauseAtheladies#advicewasquickandeffectivetosolveproblemsBNewYorkersfeltitwasdifficulttoliveinthiscrazyworldCMedicaltherapycouldnetsolvepeople#sproblemsDNewYorkwasacrazyplaceanditsinhabitantsneedplentyofhelpIntheseventhparagraphwereadthattheAdviceLadieswon#tbestrangersforlongbecauseAtheyaredealingwithabooktogetherandaTVmaniswritingatalkshowaboutthemBtheyaregoingtosellabookaboutthemselvesandalsoappearonaTVshowCtheywillbuyabookthroughadealandappearinafilminthecomingfallseasonDtheywillgettoknoweachotherbetterbyworkingonabookandappearinginaTVshowtogetherPassageThreeTheAmericanPresidentialGalaof()Mixingpopulismandcelebrity,Clintondancesintoofficewithaweeklongmultimilliondollarpartyfullofstars,saxophonemusicandpresidentialhugs()ThePartywasheldmawayneverseensinceWorldWarIIManymovieandmusicstarsshowedup,offeringtheirwishestoanewadministrationTheysangsongslikeYouknow,Bill#sgonnagetthisCountrystraight#!Youandme!Unitee!TimetoparteewithBigBillandHillaree()ThestarscameoutinconstellationbecausetheyrecognizedinClintononeoftheirownNotjustthatheplaysthesaxophone,alittleOrthatHillaryisasmart,toughlawyer,likemostHollywoodmogulsWhatmattersisthatClintonisabeaconofmiddleclasscharm,aloverofbeingloved,abelieverintheimportanceofimage,metaphor,styleAndheisanacemanipulatorofmedia,sellinghissymbolsdirectlytothepeopleonTV,withouttheinterferenceofnosyjournalistsItallmakesfarawondrous#sblendofshowbizandpolitic()Thisisourtime,ClintonsaidinhisInauguralAddressLetusembraceitLastweekhehadanembraceforeveryone,andnotjustthestarsThishuggybearPresidentneedstofeelthepublic#sapproval()Atoneoftheballsoftheweek,Clintonwaslikethecollegestudentwhodropsinthenightbeforetheexamtoshowhe#soneoftheguys,thensneaksbacktohisdormtocramPerhapsthereisasmuchNixoninhim(theambition,theintellect)asKennedy(thecharm,therecklessness,hispositionascentristcustodianofliberaldreams)Hewillneedtobethebestofbothmenifheistoclose,ashesaidlastweek,thegapbetweenourwordsandourdeeds()Duringthegala,actorEdwardJamesOlmosquotedLincoln:Wemustdisenthrallourselves,andthenweshallsaveourcourntryClinton,agoodstudentwithagoodmemory,mouthedthewordsasOlmosspokethemClintonmusthaverealizedthat,inadifferentsenseanddifferentera,Americafacesthetaskofdisenthrallingitself,ofshakingofftheHollywoodstardustandfacingfacts()InClintonvendedoptimismnowhemustbecarefulinsayingsoHesoldthenationamiracleproduct,ALLNEWHOPE:itgivesyoucleaner,cheapergovernmentwithafreshmintyflavorButifitdoesn#tgetthestainsout,theelectorate#shighhopescouldsourintodespairThenthemancalledHopewillbecomethemancalledHypeAllthebigstarsandbetterangelswillleavehimoutinthespotlight,stranded,unmaskedThemeaningofClintondancesintohisoffice,withaweeklongmultimilliondollarpartyfullofstars,saxophonemusicandpresidentialhugsinthefirstparagraphis:AClintonheldapartyanddancedwithfilmstarsandmusicians,andhuggedhisguestsBClintonwentintohisofficefollowedbyrichfilmstarsandmusicianswhowantedtobehuggedbythepresidentCClintonstartedhistermofpresident#sworkwithaweeklonggalaofcelebritiesandmusictocelebratetheeventDClintonspentagreatdealofmoneytogiveapartyofdanceandmusictopleasethefilmstarsandimportantpeopleBysayingBill#sgonnagetthisCountrystraight,thepartyattendantsbelievethatAMoneybillsareimportantingettingthingsdonefortheUnitedStatesBThepresidenthasgottodoawonderfuljobtosaveAmericaCClintonwillchangetheUnitedStatestoafreecountryDClintonisgoingtosolvetheproblemsoftheUnitedStatesWhichofthefollowingstatementsisTrueAAtoneoftheballs,ClintonappearedshortlyandthenleftinaquietwaytodohisworkBClintonwascertainlyacombinationofbothNixonandKennedyCClintonsaidatthePartythathewasgoingtoclosehismouthandworkharderDWhenOlmosquotedLincoln,ClintonrepeatedthewordsasOlmosspokethemIIDirection:ReadthefollowingpassagecarefullyandthenexplaininyourownEnglishtheexactmeaningofthenumberedandunderlinedparts()Medicalconsumerismlikeallsortsofconsumerism,onlymoremenacinglyisdesignedtobeunsatisfying()Theprolongationoflifeandthesearchforperfecthealth(beautyyouth,happiness)areinherentlyselfdefeating,ThelawofdiminishingreturnsnecessarilyappliesYoucanmakehigherpercentagesofpeoplesurviveintotheireightiesandninetiesBut,asanygeriatricwardshows,thatisnotthesameastoconferenduringmobility,awarenessandautonomy()growsmedicallyfeasible,butitisoftenalifedeprivedofeverythingandoneexposedtodegradingneglectasresourcesgrowoverstretchedandpolitiesturnmeanWhatanignominiousdestinyformedicineifitsfuturetamedintooneofbestowingmeagerincrementsofunenjoyedlife!Itwouldmirrorthefateofathletics,inwhichdisproportionateenergiesandresourcesnotleastmedicalones,likeillegalsteroidsarenowinvestedtoshaverecordsbymillisecondsAnd,itgoeswithoutsaying,thelogicalextensionoflongevismtheabolitionofdeathwouldnetbeasolutionbutonlyanexacerbation()Toairthesepredicamentsisnotantimedicalspleenachurlishreprisalagainstmedicineforitsvictoriesbutsimplytofacethegrowingrealityofmedicalpowernotexactlywithoutresponsibilitybutwithdissolvinggoals,()Hencemedicine#sfinesthourbecomesthedawnofitsdilemmasForcenturies,medicinewasimpotentandhenceunproblematic,FromtheGreekstotheGreatWar,itsjobwassimpletostrugglewithlethaldiseasesandgrossdisabilities,toensurelivebirths,andtomintagepainItperformedtheseuncontroversialtasksbyandlargewithmeagersuccessToday,withmissionaccomplished,medicine#striumphsaredissolvingmdisorientation,()Medicinehasledtovastlyinflatedexpectations,whichthepublichaseagerlyswallowedYetastheseexpectationsgrowunlimited,theybecomeunfulfillableThetaskfacingmedicineinthetwentyfirstcenturywillbetoredefineitslimitsevenasitextendsitscapacitiesPartThree:ClozeTestDirection:FillineachnumberedblankinthefollowingpassagewithONEsuitablewordtocompletethepassagePutyouranswersintheANSWERSHEET()For()thebloodshedandtragedyofDDay,thebeachesofNormandywillalwaysevokeacertain():ayearningforatimewhennationsinthecivilizedworldburiedtheirdifferencesandcombinedtoopposeabsoluteevil,whenvaluesseemedclearerandtheretableconsequencesofwarstopped()oftheannihilationofhumanityButoverhalfacenturyaftertheAllieshitthosewavebatteredsandflatsandtoweringcliffs,theNormandyinvasionstandsasafeat()toberepeatedTherewillneverbe()DDayTechnologyhaschangedtheconditionsofwarfareinwaysthatnoneoftheDDayparticipantscouldhave(),Alioutwarinthebeginningsofthiscenturywouldsurelyspellallout()forthebelligerents,andpossiblyfortheentirehumanraceNocrediblescenarioforafutureworldwarwouldallowtimeforthemassivebuildup#ofconventionalforcesthatoccurredinthesThemoralequivalentoftheNormandyinvasioninthenuclearagewouldinvolveapresidentialdecisiontoputtensofmillionsofAmericanlivesat()AndthepossiblebenefitsfortheallieswouldbeuncertainatbestEuropeandefenseexpertsoftenaskwhethertheUSwouldbewillingtotradePittsburghfor#DusseldorfrdquoInpractice,thequestionmaywellbewhetheritisworth()AmericancitiestoavengeaEuropealready()torubblePartFour:ProofreadingDirections:ThispartconsistsofashortpassageInthispassage,therearealtogetherlmistakes,oneineachunderlinedsentenceorpartofasentenceYoumayhavetochangeaword,addawordorjustdeleteawordlfyouchangeaword,crossitoutwithaslash()andwritethecorrectwordlfyouaddaword,writethemissingwordbetweenthewords(inbracket)immediatelybeforeandafteritIfyoudeleteaword,crossitoutwithaslash(),Putyour,answersintheANSWERSHEET()Examples:eg()ThemeetingbegunhoursagoCorrectionintheANSWERSHEET:()begunbeganeg()ScarcelytheysettledthemselvesintheirseatsinthetheatrewhenthecurtainwentupCorrectionintheANSWERSHEET:()(Scarcely)had(they)eg()NeverwillInotdoitagainCorrectionintheANSWERSHEET:()not()Astateuniversitypresidentwasarrestedtodayandchargedwithimpersonateapoliceofficerbecause,theauthoritiessay,hepulledoveraspeedingdriverherelastmonth()Usingflashingheadlights,RichardLJudd,,thepresidentofCentralConnecticutStateUniversitymadethedriver,PeterBabaofPlainvillepullonJan,thestatepolicesaid()Hethenflashedagoldbadgeandbarkedathimforspeed,theysaid()MrJuddisNewBritain#spolicecommissionerfromtoandfromIto()ButDetectiveHaroldGannonoftheNewBritainpolicesaidtodaythatthejobinvolvedmorepolicyaspolicework,anddidnotincludetheauthoritytochargeorchidecriminals()Thegoldbadgewasmereauniversityaward()ThegovernorsaidhewouldnotaskforaresignationbecauseMrJuddhadmadeamisjudgmentandhadwrittenaletterofapologizing()Later,MrJudd#slawyer,PaulJMcouillan,issuedalongapologyfromhissuperior,whomhedescribedasthebestthingtohappentoNewBritain()MyexperienceandinstinctasanEMTandformerpolicecommissionerpromptedmetoinvolvemyselfwiththismatter,MrJuddsaidinthestatement()Inhindsight,IseeitwasminetomanagePartFive:WritingDirection:Writeashortcompositionofabouttowordsonthetopicgivenbelow:()Topic:WritemwordsaboutChinarsquosautoindustry

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