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首页 2000年北京大学考博英语真题8页.doc

2000年北京大学考博英语真题8页.doc

2000年北京大学考博英语真题8页.doc

上传者: 雨林沐风1234 2017-08-11 评分 5 0 194 26 880 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《2000年北京大学考博英语真题8页doc》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含PartOne:StructureWrittenExpressionDirection:Ineachquestiondecidewhichofthe符等。

PartOne:StructureWrittenExpressionDirection:IneachquestiondecidewhichofthefourchoicesgivenwillmostsuitablycompletethesentenceifinsertedattheplacemarkedPuttheletterofyourchoiceintheANSWERSHEET()ThomasWolfeportrayedpeoplesothatyoucametoknowtheiryearnings,theirimpulses,andtheirwartsthiswaseffectiveAmotivationBpointofviewCcharacterizationDbackgroundTheappealtothesensesknownasisespeciallycommoninpoetryAimaginativeBimaginableCingeniousDimageryIfyou#vegotacomplaint,thebestthingistoseethepersonconcernedandwithhimAtellitBhaveitoutCsayitDhaveitknownTherehavebeenseveralattemptstointroducegayercoloursandstylesinmen#sclothing,butnoneofthemAhacaughtonBhascaughthimout,ChascaughtupDtakerootsTheretiredengineerplunkeddown$,incashforamidsizeMercedesasapresentforhiswifeapurchase,withmoneymadeinthestockmarkettheweekbeforeApaidoffBpaidthroughCpaidcutDpaidforHehascourageallright,butinmattersrequiringjudgment,hehasoftenbeenfoundsadlyAlackitBabsentCinneedofitDwantingDanisHayesraisedtheessentialparadoxandaskedhowpeoplecouldhavefoughtsohardagainstenvironmentaldegradationthemselvesnowonthevergeoflosingthewarAonlyfoundBfindingonlyConlytofindD,haveonlyfoundTheonceseparateissueofenvironmentanddevelopmentarenowlinkedAintangibleBindispensableCinextricablyDincrediblyTheneedtoseethatjusticeisdoneeverydecisionmadeinthecourtsAimplantsintoBimposesonCimpingesuponDimprecatesuponTwothirdsoftheUSbasketballplayersareblack,andthenumberwouldbegreaterthecontinuingpracticeofpickingwhitebenchwarmersforthesakeofbalanceAwasitnotbecauseofBhaditnotbeenforCwareitnotforDwoulditnothavebeenforNoonewouldhavetimetoreadorlistentoanaccountofeverythinggoingonintheworldAitisBthereisCasisDwhatisIfthereistheneedtocompeteinacrowd,tobattletheedgethesureststrategyistodeveloptheunexpectedAonBforCagainstDwithJustasthereareoccupationsthatrequirecollegeorevenhigherdegreesoccupationsforwhichtechnicaltrainingisnecessaryAsotoothereareBsoalsothereareCsotherearetooDsotooarethereItisamyththatthelawpermitstheFoodandDrugAdministrationtoignorerequirementsfordrugswhilebrandnamedrugsstillmustmeettheserigidtestsAspecificBgenericCintricateDacridTheverybiggestandmostmurderouswarsduringtheindustrialagewereintraindustrialwarsthatSecondWavenationslikeGermanyandBritainagainstoneanotherApittedBdroveCkeptDembarkedTheprivatelifeofhavingeachindividualmakehisorherownchoiceofbeliefsandinterestwithouttheoverarchingpublicworldofthestate,whichsustainsastructureoflawappropriatetoaselfdeterminingassociationAisnotpossibleBwouldnotbepossibleCwillnotbepossibleDcannotbepossibleFromChristianityandthebarbariankingdomsofthewestemergedthemedievalversionofpoliticsin,turnevolvedthepoliticsofourmodernworldAofwhichBfromwhichConwhichDbywhichThePortuguesegiveagreatdealofcredittoonemanforhavingpromotedseatravel,thatmanPrinceHenrythenavigator,wholivedinthethcenturyAwasBwascalledDcallingDbeingGrantwasoneofabodyofmenwhowereselfreliant,whocaredhardlyanythingforthepastbuthadasharpeyeforthefutureAonthemselvesBonnotmakingafaultCtoafaultDtoremainaheadHuntingtonandmanyofitscompetitorsareworkingtomakeremedialinstructionacommodityasandaccessibleasfrozenyogurtaubiquitousBrationalCnecessaryDcredibleTheschemeforrebuildingthecitycenter,owingtotherefusalfaCounciltosanctiontheexpenditureofthemoneyitwouldhaverequiredAfelldownBfelloffCfelloutDfellflatIftheythinktheyaregoingtowinoverusbyobstinatelyandrefusingtomaketheslightestconcessiontheyaremistakenAholdingoutB,holdingtoCholdingoverDholdingupTinepossibilitythattheexplosionwascausedbysabotagecannotbeAbrokenoutBcancelledoutCruledoutD,wipedoutTheexpresidenthadbeeninthecountrytorefreshhismindbeforehepassedawayAgiventowalkingBgivenawalkCgivenforawalkDgivingawalkHedidnotrelishappealingamongsthisfriendsandoftheircriticismorcensureArunningshortBrunningoutCrunningthegauntletDrunningaheadPartTwo:ReadingComprehensionIEachofthepassagesbelowisfollowedbysomequestionsForeachquestionfouranswersaregivenReadthepassagescarefullyandchoosethebestanswertoeachquestionPutyourchoiceintheANSWERSKEET()PassageOneItwasanormaldayinthelifeoftheAmericanRedCrossinGreaterNewYorkFirst,partofabuildingonWestthStreet,inHarlem,felldownBedstumbledthroughtheairpeopleslidoutoftheirapartmentsandontotheground,threepeopledied,andtheRedCrosswasthere,helpingshockedresidentsfindtemporaryshelter,andfoodandclothingThenitwasbackdowntownforthatevening#sbigFendraiser,theEleventhAnnualRedCrossAwardDinnerDance,atthePierreThat#swhyIhavebadhairtonight,saidChristopherPeake,aRedCrossSpokesmanwhohadspentmuchofthedayattheHarlemscene,inthedrizzlingrainHewasnowinatuxedo,andactuallyhishairdidn#tlooksobad,framedbyacenterpieceoftulipsandjonquils,andperhapsimprovedbysubduedlightingfromeightcrystalchandeliersDefinitelynothavingabadMirnightwasElizabethDole,thewifeofSenatorRobertDoleandthepresidentoftheAmericanRedCrossPresidentDolehaschestnut,coloredRepublicanhair,whichwassoftlycoifed,andshewaswearingafittedburgundyvelveteveningsuit(Someonemadeitforme!Ilovevelvet!sheexclaimed,inherenthusiastic,NorthernCarolinahostessvoice)andsparklingdropearringsOfcourse,shehadn#tbeenstandingintheraininHarlemshehadjustflownuponthethreeo#clockshuttlefromWashingtonDoleisextremelypretty,withroundgreeneyesandafullmouthandadirectpersonalityShetiltsherheadattentivelywhenshelistensShewastherecipientoftheevening#sawardpreviousawardwinnershaveincludedAliceTully,PrincessYasminAgaKhan,andmostrecently,BrookeAstorNotexactlyasequenceattheendofwhichyouwouldexpecttofindElizabethDole,butawardgiversarefamousforhavingpoliticalinstinctsaswellasphilanthropiconesSurroundedbythedeepblueswagsandgoldendraperiesoftheballroomweremorethanthirtyfivedinnertablessetwithgroupingsofcandlesandfloralcenterpiecesandRoyalDoultonchinaAmericanExpresswasthemSowereBristolMyersSquibbCoopersLybrandtheNewYorkTimesCompanyUnionBankofSwitzerlandChemicalBankNewYorkLifeandPriceWaterhouseTheactressArleneDahl,withherratherredhairandherbeardedhusband,presidedoveronetableOtherwise,itwasatypical,faceless,captainofindustryfundraiser(nomodels!nostars!),ofwhichthereseemstobeatleastoneeverynightinNewYorkCityItwasnotasocietynight,butstilltheeveningraisedfourhundredandthirtythousanddollarsFromwhatwereadwecaninferthatitwasanormaldayinthelifeoftheAmericanRedCrossinGreaterNewYorkmeansitsstaffAdealwiththefallofhousesinthecityeverydayBarebusyhelpingpeoplewhosufferfromdisasterseverydayCworkduringthedayandtohavebanquetintheeveningeverydayDgotoHarlem,thepoorestdistrictofNewYorkeverydayandhelppeoplethereThefundraisermentionedinthepassagereferstoARobertDoleBElizabethDoleCtheEleventhAnnualRedCrossAwardDinnerDanceDallthebusinesscompaniesattendingtheDinnerDanceChristopherPeake#shairdidn#tlookso,badbecauseAhewaswearingahandsometuxedoBhewaswearingtulipsonhissuitChewasseenamongflowersDhewassittingnearflowersandinvery,softlightElizabethDolewasAthepresidentoftheAmericanRedCrossandactedattheDinnerasaNorthCarolinahostessBarepublicanandwifeofthepresidentoftheAmericanRedCrossCthepresidentoftheAmericanRedCrossanditsmainrepresentativeattheAnnualDinnerDanceDborninNorthCarolina,becameanairhostessandlatermarriedSenatorRobertDoleThepresenceofanactressantheDinnermadethefundraisingAlessimpersonalBatypicalfundraisingeventC,lesspersonalD,morebusinesslikePassageTwoForlaymenethnologyisprobablythemostinterestingofthebiologicalsciencesfortheveryreasonthatitconcernsanimalsintheirnormalactivitiesandtherefore,ifwewish,wecanassessthepossibledangersandadvantagesinourownbehavioralrootsEthnologyalsoisinterestingmethodologicallybecauseitcombinesinnewwaysveryscrupulousfieldobservationswithexperimentationinlaboratoriesThefieldworkershavehadsomehandicapsinwinningrespectforthemselvesForalongtimetheywereconsideredaslittlebetterthanamateuranimalwatcherscertainlynotscientistssincetheirfactswerenotgainedbyexperimentalprocedures:theycouldnotconformtothehardandfastrulethataproblemsetupandsolvedbyonescientistmustbetestedbyotherscientists,underidenticalconditionsandreachingidenticalresultsOfcoursemanysituationsinthelivesofanimalssimplycannotberehearsedandcontrolledinthiswayThefallflockingofwildfreebirdscan#tbe,orthehomingofanimalsoverlongdistances,orevendetailsofspontaneousfamilyrelationshipsSincethesenevercanbereproducedinalaboratory,aretheythennotworthknowingaboutTheethnologistswhochoosefieldworkhavegotthemselvesoutofthisimpassebygreatlyrefiningthetechniquesofobservingAtthestartofaprojectalltheanimalstobestudiedarelivetrapped,markedindividuallyandreleasedMotionpictures,oftenincolor,providepermanentrecordsoftheirsubsequentactivitiesRecordingoftheanimals#voicesbyelectricalsoundequipmentisconsideredessential,andthemostmeticulousnotesarekeptofallthatoccurWiththismaterialotherbiologists,farfromthescene,latercanverifythereportsMoreover,twofieldobserversoftengoouttogether,checkingeachother#sobservationsrightthereinthefieldEthnology,theword,isderivedfromtheGreekethos,meaningthecharacteristictraitsorfeatureswhichdistinguishagroupanyparticulargroupofpeopleor,inbiology,agroupofanimalssuchasaspeciesEthnologistshavetheintentionofstudyingthewholesequenceofactswhichconstituteananimal#sbehaviorInabridgeddictionariesethnologyissometimesdefinedsimplyastheobjectivestudyofanimalbehavior,andethnologistsdoemphasizetheirwishtoeliminatemythsInthefirstsentence,thewordlaymenmeansApeoplewhosandasideBpeoplewhoarenottrainedasbiologistsCpeoplewhoareamateurbiologistsDpeoplewholoveanimalsAccordingtothepassage,ethnologyisAanewbranchofbiologyBanoldGreekscienceCapseudoscienceDascienceforamateursThefieldworkershavehandicapsinwinningrespectforthemselvesThissentencemeansAethnologistswhenworkinginthefieldarehandicappedBethnologistshaveproblemsinwinningrecognitionasscientistsCethnologistsarelookeddownuponwhentheyworkinthefieldDethnologistsmeetwithlotsofdifficultieswhendoingfieldworkAccordingtotheexplanationofthescientificruleofexperimentinthepassage,hardandfastmeansexperimentproceduresAaredifficultandquicktofollowBmustbecarriedoutinastrictandquickwayCmustbefollowedstrictlytoavoidfalseandlooseresultsDhardandunreasonableforscientiststoobserveThemeaningoftheunderlinedwordsinthedetailsofspontaneousfamilyrelationshipscanbeexpressedasAnaturalfamilyrelationshipsBquicklyoccurringfamilyrelationshipsCanimalsactinglikeanaturalfamilyDanimalfamilybehaviorthatcannotbepreplannedorcontrolledPassageThreeThesinglegreatestshiftinthehistoryofmasscommunicationtechnologyoccurredinthethcenturyandwaswelldescribedbyVictorHugoinafamouschapterofNotreDamedeParisItwasacathedralOnallpartsofthegiantbuilding,statuaryandstonerepresentationsofeverykind,combinedwithhugewindowsofstainedglass,toldthestoriesoftheBibleandthesaints,displayedtheintricaciesofChristiantheology,advertedtotheexistenceofhighlyunpleasantdemonicwingedcreatures,referreddiplomaticallytothemajestiesofpoliticalpower,and,inaddition,bymeansofbellsinbelltowers,toldtimeforthebenefitofallofParisandmuchofFranceItwasanawesomeengineofcommunicationThencamethetransitiontosomethingstillmoreawesomeThenewtechnologyofmasscommunicationwaspotable,couldsitonyourtable,andwaseasilyreplicable,andyet,paradoxically,containedmoreinformation,moresystematicallypresented,thaneventhelargestofcathedralsItwastheprintedbookThoughitprovidednobellsandcouldnottelltime,theoverallsuperiorityofthenewinventionwasunmistakableInthelasttenortwentyyears,wehavebeenundergoingamoreorlessequivalentshiftthistimetoanewlifeasacomputerusingpopulationThegaininportability,capability,ease,orderliness,accuracy,reliability,andinformationstorageoveranythingachievablebypenscribbling,typewriting,andcabinetfilingisrecognizedbyallTheprogressforcivilizationisundeniableand,plainy,irreversibleYet,justasthebook#striumphoverthe,cathedraldividedpeopleintotwogroups,oneofwhichprospered,whiletheotherlapsedintogloom,thecomputer#striumphhasalsodividedthehumanraceYouhaveonlytobringacomputerintoaroomtoseethatsomepeoplebeginatoncetobuzzwithcuriosityandexcitement,sitdowntoconductexperiments,oohandahattheboxesandbeeps,andmastertheuseofthecomputeroranewprogramasquicklyasathletesplayingadelightfulnewgameButhowdifficultitishowgrimandfrightful!fortheotherpeople,thedefeatedclass,whosetemperamentdoesnotnaturallyrespondtocomputersThemachinewhirrsandglowsbeforethemandtheirfacestwitchTheymaybesplendidlyeducated,asmeasuredbybookreading,yettheirinstinctsareallwrong,andnoamountofmanualstudyingandmouseclickingwillmakethemrightComputersrequireasharplydifferentsetofaptitudes,and,iftheaptitudesaremissing,littlecanbedone,andmiseryisguaranteedIsthecomputerindustryawarethatcomputershavedividedmankindintotwonew,previouslyunknownclasses,thecomputerpersonalitiesandthenoncomputerpersonalitiesYes,theindustryknowsthisVastsumshavebeenexpendedinordertoadaptthecomputertothelimitationsofnoncomputerpersonalitiesApple#sMacintosh,withitszoominganimationsandpulldownmenusandlittlepicturesoffilefoldersandwatchfacesandtrashcans,pointedthewaySuchseductionshavesoothedtheapprehensionsofacertainnumberofthecomputeraverseThisspring,thecomputerindustry#seffortsarereachingaculminationofsortsMicrosoftBillGates#giantcorporation,istobringoutaprogrampackagecalledMicrosoftBob,desire

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