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首页 新东方 六级 阅读 内部资料

新东方 六级 阅读 内部资料

新东方 六级 阅读 内部资料

思念
2008-05-30 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《新东方 六级 阅读 内部资料doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

六级与四级的区别:一、词词汇量。二、句出题考长句子。三、段所有句子都认识但不知道整段的意思。But,Yet,However转折连词后面是重点常考点。四、选项有迷惑选项不像四级那么清晰。原文重现:原文告诉你选什么你就应该选什么不能凭感觉和想象。尽量少读:六级更多的对点出题而不是对面出题。六级题型:主旨题(SumUpTitle)看文章每段第一句WhichofthefollowingcanbestsumupthepassageA)AdvantagesanddisadvantagesofautomationB)LabourandtheeffectsofautomationC)UnemploymentbenefitplansandautomationD)Socialbenefitsofautomation注:文章三段第一句都出现automation两段出现labour因此这两个词是重点必然在选项中出现。AutomationreferstotheintroductionofelectroniccontrolandautomaticoperationofproductivemachineryItreducesthehumanfactors,mentalandphysical,inproduction,andisdesignedtomakepossiblethemanufactureofmoregoodswithfewerworkersThedevelopmentofautomationinAmericanindustryhasbeencalledthe"SecondIndustrialRevolution"注:refersto下定义Labour'sconcernoverautomationarisesfromuncertaintyabouttheeffectsonemployment,andfearsofmajorchangesinjobsInthemain,labourhastakentheviewthatresistancetotechnicalchangeisunfruitfulEventually,theresultofautomationmaywellbeanincreaseinemployment,sinceitisexpectedthatvastindustrieswillgrowuparoundmanufacturing,maintaining,andrepairingautomationequipmentTheinterestoflabourliesinbringingaboutthetransitionwithaminimumofinconvenienceanddistresstotheworkersinvolvedAlso,unionspokesmenemphasizethatthebenefitoftheincreasedproductionandlowercostsmadepossiblebyautomationshouldbesharedbyworkersintheformofhigherwages,moreleisure,andimprovedlivingstandards注:labour雇员Toprotecttheinterestsoftheirmembersintheeraofautomation,unionshaveadoptedanumberofnewpoliciesOneoftheseisthepromotionofsupplementaryunemploymentbenefitplansItisemphasizedthatsincetheemployerinvolvedinsuchaplanhasadirectfinancialinterestinpreventingunemployment,hewillhaveastrongdriveforplanningnewinstallationssoastocausetheleastpossibleproblemsinjobsandjobassignmentsSomeunionsareworkingfordismissalpayagreements,requiringthatpermanentlydismissedworkersbepaidasumofmoneybasedonlengthofserviceAnotherapproachistheideaofthe"improvementfactor",whichcallsforwageincreasesbasedonincreasesinproductivityItispossible,however,thatlabourwillrelymainlyonreductioninworkinghoursinordertogainafullshareinthefruitsofautomation注:union工会和雇员有关词汇题找词所在句子关系转折关系。例如:六级很难但是……找转折连词But,Yet,However。并列关系。例如:AandB问A就把B内容填进去。解释关系。用because和从句inwhich等联系。例如:“Anidentifyingfigure”(Line,Para)referstoapersonA)whoservesasamodelforothersB)whoisalwayssuccessfulC)whocanbedependeduponD)whohasbeenrewardedforhissuccess(文章前四段省略)Admirationofonequalityoftenleadsustoadmireapersonasawhole,andhebecomesanidentifyingfigureWeusesomepeopleasmodelsoverawiderangeofsituations,imitatingmuchthattheydoWelearnthattheyaredependableandrewardingmodelsbecauseimitatingthemleadstosuccess注:把握and前后是并列关系。细节题直接细节、因果推理、暗示例如:ItisimpliedthatfiftyyearsagoA)eightypercentofAmericanworkingpeoplewereemployedinfactoriesB)twentypercentofAmericanintellectualswereemployeesC)thepercentageofintellectualsinthetotalworkforcewasalmostthesameasthatofindustrialworkersD)thepercentageofintellectualsworkingasemployeeswasnotsolargeasthatofindustrialworkersAccordingtothewriter,professionalknowledgeorskillisA)lessimportantthanawarenessofbeingagoodemployeeB)asimportantastheabilitytodealwithpublicrelationsC)moreimportantthanemployeremployeerelationsD)asimportantastheabilitytocooperatewithothersintheorganizationOurshasbecomeasocietyofemployeesAhundredyearsorsoagoonlyoneoutofeveryfiveAmericansatworkwasemployed,ie,workedforsomebodyelseTodayonlyoneoutoffiveisnotemployedbutworkingforhimselfAndwhenfiftyyearsago"beingemployed"meantworkingasafactorylabourerorasafarmhand,theemployeeoftodayisincreasinglyamiddleclasspersonwithasubstantialformaleducation,holdingaprofessionalormanagementjobrequiringintellectualandtechnicalskillsIndeed,twothingshavecharacterizedAmericansocietyduringtheselastfiftyyears:middleclassandupperclassemployeeshavebeenthefastestgrowinggroupsinourworkingpopulationgrowingsofastthattheindustrialworker,thatoldestchildoftheIndustrialRevolution,hasbeenlosinginnumericalimportancedespitetheexpansionofindustrialproductionYetyouwillfinelittleifanythingwrittenonwhatitistobeanemployeeYoucanfindagreatdealofverydubiousadviceonhowtogetajoborhowtogetapromotionYoucanalsofindagooddealofworkinachosenfield,whetheritbethemechanist'stradeorbookkeeping(簿记)Everyoneofthesetradesrequiresdifferentskills,setsdifferentstandards,andrequiresadifferentpreparationYettheyallhaveemployeeshipincommonAndincreasingly,especiallyinthelargebusinessoringovernment,employeeshipismoreimportanttosuccessthanthespecialprofessionalknowledgeorskillCertainlymorepeoplefailbecausetheydonotknowtherequirementsofbeinganemployeethanbecausetheydonotadequatelypossesstheskillsoftheirtradethehigheryouclimbtheladder,themoreyougetintoadministrativeorexecutivework,thegreatertheemphasisonabilitytoworkwithintheorganizationratherthanontechnicalabilitiesorprofessionalknowledge作者态度题(attitude)正负态度凡是文章探讨新事物正态度凡是文章探讨老事物负态度例外:中立题Thewriter’sattitudetowardstheuseofthetelephoneisA)affectionateB)disapprovingC)approvingD)neutral●例子:例子必出题。文章有论点论据论证例子是论证用来支持论点所以简而言之例子本身不重要但前后论点极其重要。例子开始的标志:forexample后面跟着大写、时间、年代依然是举例内容。例子含义的标志:show,tell,prove,demonstrate,find,clearlyPageIntheUnitedStates,theneedtoprotectplantandanimalspecieshasbecomeahighlycontroversialandsharplypoliticalissuesincethepassageoftheEndangeredSpeciesActinTheact,designedtoprotectspecies'livingareas,andpoliciesthatpreservelandandforestscompetewitheconomicinterestsInthe's,forexample,thewoodcuttersintheWesternUnitedStateswerechallengedlegallyintheirattempttocuttreesfortimberintheCascadeMountainsThechallengewasmountedtoprotecttheendangeredspottedowl(猫头鹰),whoseremainingpopulationoccupiestheseforestsandrequirestheintact,ancientforestforsurvivalTheproblematicsituationsettheinterestsofenvironmentalistsagainstthoseofcorporationsandofindividualswhostoodtolosejobsAftermonthsofdebateandlegalbattles,thefateofthewoodcuttersandtheowlswasstillundecidedinmid注:controversial的意思是受争议的同“sharplypoliticalissue”contro表示“反”forexample前句子是重点problematic悬而未决的SimilartensionsexistbetweenthedevelopedandthedevelopingnationsManypeopleinindustrializednations,forexample,believethatdevelopingnationsintropicalregionsshoulddomoretoprotecttheirrainforestsandothernaturalareasButthedevelopingcountriesmaybeimpoverished(使穷困),withpopulationsgrowingsorapidlythatusingthelandisameanstotemporarilyavoidworseningpovertyandstarvation注:tension张力冲突看到similar就说明第二段说的和第一段一样。But转折是重点ManyofthechangestoEarththatconcernscientistshavethepotentialtorobtheplanetofitsbiologicalrichnessThedestructionofEarth'sozonelayer(臭氧层),forexample,couldcontributetothegeneralprocessofimpoverishmentbyallowingultravioletraystoharmplantsandanimalsAndglobalwarmingcouldwipeoutspeciesunabletoquicklyadapttochangingclimatesClearly,protectingwillcomeonlythroughcoordinatedinternationaleffortstocontrolhumanpopulation,stabilizethecompositionoftheatmosphere,andpreserveintactEarth'scomplexweblifeWhydoestheauthorsaythattheprotectionofendangeredspeciesisahighlycontroversialissueA)Becausepeoplecan'tagreeastowhatspeciestoprotectB)BecauseitisdifficulttofindaneffectivewaytoprotectsuchspeciesC)BecauseitaffectstheinterestsofcertaingroupsofpeopleD)Becauseitisamajorprobleminvolvingaseriesoflegalprocedures注:细节题。第一段economicinterests●表示绝对的词出现在文章中是非常重要的出题点如果出现在选项中很可能是不对的。全无:nonnothingneverseldomabsolutelyhardlylittlefewpreventexcludeneithernor全有:alleveryfulleither…唯一:onlyexactlybestmostAccordingtothepassage,thepreservationofrainforestsA)mayhamperadevelopingcountryinitsfightagainstpovertyB)benefitsdevelopedcountriesratherthandevelopingcountriesC)shouldtakepriorityoverthecontrolofhumanpopulationD)willhelpimprovethelivingconditionsindevelopingcountries注:细节题对应文章第二段。举例前那句话更重要只要表达出“和经济利益冲突”就对了。Accordingtothepassage,cuttingtresstogrowmorefoodA)willwidenthegapbetweenthedevelopedandthedevelopingcountriesB)isbutashorttermrelieftothefoodproblemC)canhardlyalleviatetheshortageoffoodD)provestobeaneffectivewayoutforimpoverishednations注:对应文章第二段。Shortterm对应temporarilyrelief对应avoid。Among“humanity'scurrentproblems”(Line,Para),thechiefconcernofthescientistsisA)theimpoverishmentofdevelopingcountriesB)theexplosionofthehumanpopulationC)thereductionofbiologicaldiversityD)theeffectofglobalwarming注:第三段。C选项中reduction对应robdiversity对应richness。Theauthor'spurposeinwritingthispassageisA)todescribethedifficultiesinsolvinghumanity'scurrentproblemsB)topresentthedifferentviewsonhumanity'scurrentproblemsC)toanalyzethecontradictionbetweencountriesindealingwithhumanity'scurrentproblemsD)topointoutthathumanity'scurrentproblemscanonlybesolvedthroughthecooperationofnations注:看最后一句话cooperationofnations对应coordinatedinternationalefforts。PageWesometimesthinkhumansareuniquelyvulnerabletoanxiety,butstressseemstoaffecttheimmunedefensesofloweranimalstooInoneexperiment,forexample,behavioralimmunologist(免疫学家)MarkLaudenslger,attheUniversityofDenver,gavemildelectricshockstoratsHalftheanimalscouldswitchoffthecurrentbyturningawheelintheirenclosure,whiletheotherhalfcouldmotTheratsinthetwogroupswerepairedsothateachtimeoneratturnedthewheelitprotectedbothitselfanditshelplesspartnerfromtheshockLaudenslagerfoundthattheimmuneresponsewasdepressedbelownormalinthehelplessratsbutnotinthosethatcouldturnofftheelectricityWhathehasdemonstrated,hebelieves,isthatlackofcontroloveranevent,nottheexperienceitself,iswhatweakenstheimmunesystem注:vulnerable易受伤害的immunedefense免疫系统found之后是试验告诉我们的观点depress压抑de往下OtherresearchersagreeJayWeiss,apsychologistatDukeUniversitySchoolofMedicine,hasshownthatanimalswhoareallowedtocontrolunpleasantstimulidon'tdevelopsleepdisturbancesorchangesinbrainchemistrytypicalofstressedratsButiftheanimalsareconfrontedwithsituationstheyhavenocontrolover,theylaterbehavepassivelywhenfacedwithexperiencestheycancontrolSuchfindingsreinforcepsychologists'suspicionsthattheexperienceorperceptionofhelplessnessisoneofthemostharmfulfactorsindepression注:看第一句三个单词就知道本段内容和上一段相同。passive被动的Laudenslager'sexperimentshowedthattheimmunesystemofthoseratswhocouldturnofftheelectricityA)wasstrengthenedB)wasnotaffectedC)wasalteredD)wasweakened注:定位文章第一段found之后Accordingtothepassage,theexperienceofhelplessnesscausesratstoA)trytocontrolunpleasantstimuliB)turnofftheelectricityC)becomeabnormallysuspiciousD)behavepassivelyincontrollablesituations注:定位第二段But之后那句话ThereasonwhythemiceinAder'sexperimentavoidedsaccharinwasthatA)theydislikeditstasteB)itaffectedtheirimmunesystemsC)itledtostomachpainsD)theyassociateditwithstomachachesThefirstparagraphismainlyabout(A)theteenagers'criticismoftheirparents(B)misunderstandingsbetweenteenagersandtheirparents(C)thedominanceoftheparentsovertheirchildren(D)theteenagers'abilitytodealwithcrises注:段落主旨B和C只说了一部分。ItisnaturalforyoungpeopletobecriticaloftheirparentsattimesandtoblamethemformostofthemisunderstandingsbetweenthemTheyhavealwayscomplained,moreorlessjustly,thattheirparentsareoutoftouchwithmodernwaysthattheyarepossessiveanddominantthattheydonottrusttheirchildrentodealwithcrisesthattheytalktoomuchaboutcertainproblemsandthattheyhavenosenseofhumour,atleastinparentchildrelationshipsIthinkitistruethatparentsoftenunderestimatetheirteenagechildrenandalsoforgethowtheythemselvesfeltwhenyoungYoungpeopleoftenirritatetheirparentswiththeirchoicesinclothesandhairstyles,inentertainersandmusicThisisnottheirmotiveTheyfeelcutofffromtheadultworldintowhichtheyhavenotyetbeenacceptedSotheycreateacultureandsocietyoftheirownThen,ifitturnsoutthattheirmusicorentertainersorvocabularyorclothesorhairstylesirritatetheirparents,thisgivesthemadditionalenjoymentTheyfeeltheyaresuperior,atleastinasmallway,andthattheyareleadersinstyleandtaste注:critical吹毛求疵的很重要的Themainideaofthispassageisthat(A)attentionmustbedirectedtotheimprovementofrecreativepossibilities(B)betteruseofgreenspacefacilitiesshouldbemadesoastoimprovethequalityofourlife(C)theurbanenvironmentisprovidingmorerecreationactivitiesthanitdidmanyyearsago(D)prioritymustbegiventothedevelopmentofobligatoryactivitiesGreenspacefacilitiesarecontributingtoanimportantextenttothequalityoftheurbanenvironmentFortunatelyitisnolongernecessarythateverylectureoreverybookaboutthissubjecthastostartwiththeproofofthisideaAtpresent,itisgenerallyaccepted,althoughmoreasaselfevidentstatementthanonthebaseofacloselyreasonedscientificproofTherecognitionoftheimportanceofgreenspacesintheurbanenvironmentisafirststepontherightway,thisdoesnotmean,however,thatsufficientdetailsareknownaboutthefunctionsofgreenspaceintownsandaboutthewayinwhichtheinhabitantsareusingthesespacesAstothisrathercomplexsubjectIshall,withinthescopeofthislecture,enterintooneaspectonly,namelytherecreativefunctionofgreenspacefacilities注:GF对城乡环境有重要的贡献。Thetheoreticalseparationofliving,working,trafficandrecreationwhichformanyyearshasbeenusedintownandcountryplanning,hasinmyopinionresultedindisproportionateattentionforformsofrecreationfarfromhome,whereastherewasrelativelylittleattentionforimprovementofrecreativepossibilitiesinthedirectneighbourhoodofthehomeWehavecometotheconclusionthatthisisnotright,becauseanimportantpartofthetimewhichwedonotpassinsleepingorworking,isusedforactivitiesatandaroundhomeSoitisobviousthatrecreationintheopenairhastobeginatthestreetdoorofthehouseTheurbanenvironmenthastoofferasmanyrecreationactivitiesaspossible,andthedesignofthesehastobesuchthatmoreobligatoryactivitiescanalsohavearecreativeaspectTheverybeststandardoflivingisnothingifitisnotpossibletotakeapleasantwalkinthedistrict,ifthechildrencannotbeallowedtoplayinthestreets,becausetherisksoftrafficaretoogreat,ifduringshoppingyoucannowherefindaspotforenjoyingforamomenttheniceweather,inshort,ifyouonlyfeelyourselfathomeafterthestreetdoorofyourhouseisclosedafteryouThepassagemainlydealswith(A)thelifespanoftheMojaveshrimps(B)thesurvivalofdesertshrimps(C)theimportanceofwatertolife(D)lifeintheMojaveDesert注:三段出现shrimp说明本文主要讲shrimp排除C和DA选项lifespan没出现过。TherearedesertplantswhichsurvivethedryseasonintheformofinactiveseedsTherearealsodesertinsectswhichsurviveasinactivelarvae(幼虫)Inaddition,difficultasitistobelieve,therearedesertfishwhichcansurvivethroughyearsofdrought(干旱)intheformofinactiveeggsThesearetheshrimps(小虾)thatliveintheMojaveDesert,anintenselydryregioninthesouthwestoftheUnitedStateswhereshadetemperaturesofoverCareoftenrecordedTheeggsoftheMojaveshrimpsarethesizeandhavetheappearanceofgrainsofsandWhensufficientspringrainfallstoformalake,onceeverytwotofiveyears,theseeggshatch(孵化)ThenthewaterissoonfilledwithmillionsoftinyshrimpsaboutamillimetrelongwhichfeedontinyplantandanimalorganismswhichalsogrowinthetemporarydesertlakeWithinaweek,theshrimpsgrowfromtheiroriginalmillimetretoalengthofaboutcentimetresThroughoutthetimethattheshrimpsarerapidlymaturing,thewaterinthelakeequallyrapidlyevaporatesTherefore,fortheshrimpsitisaraceagainsttimeBythetwelfthday,however,whentheyareaboutcentimetrelong,hundredsoftinyeggsformontheunderbodiesofthefemalesUsuallybythistime,allthatremainsofthelakeisalarge,muddypatchofwetsoilOnthethirteenthdayandthenext,duringthefinalhoursoftheirbrieflives,theshrimpslaytheireggsinthemudThen,havingensuredthattheirspecieswillsurvive,theshrimpsdieasthelastofthewaterevaporatesIfsufficientrainfallsthenextyeartoformanotherlake,theeggshatch,andonceagaintheshrimpspassrapidlythroughtheircycleofgrowth,adulthood,egglaying,anddeathSomeyearsthereisinsufficientraintoformalake:inthiscase,theeggswillremaindormantforanotheryears,orevenlongerifnecessaryVery,veryoccasionally,perhapstwiceinahundredyears,sufficientrainfallstoformadeeplakethatlastsamonthormoreInthiscase,thespeciespassesthroughtwocyclesofgrowth,egglaying,anddeathThus,onsuchoccasions,thespeciesmultipliesconsiderably,whichfurtherensuresitssurvivalThemostappropriatetitleforthepassagewouldbe(A)ThewellbeingofCareerWomen(B)SourcesofMasteryandPleasure(C)TwoAspectsofWomen'sWellBeing(D)FreedomRolesWomeninSociety注:A选项career缩小了范围B选项没出现woman扩大了选项Inourculture,thesourcesofwhatwecallasenseof"mastery"feelingimportantandworthwhileandthesourcesofwhatwecallasense"pleasure"findinglifeenjoyablearenotalwaysidenticalWomenoftenaretold"Youcan'thaveitall"Sometimeswhatthespeakerreallyissayingis:"Youchoseacareer,soyoucan'texpecttohavecloserrelationshipsorahappyfamilylife"or"YouhaveawonderfulhusbandandchildrenWhat'sallthisaboutwantingacareer"Butwomenneedtounderstandanddevelopbothaspectsofwellbeing,iftheyaretofeelgoodaboutthemselvesOurstudyshowsthat,forwomen,wellbeinghastwodimensionsOneismastery,whichincludesselfesteem(自尊),asenseofcontroloveryourlife,andlowlevelsofanxietyanddepressionMasteryiscloselyrelatedtothe"doing"sideoflife,tow

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