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首页 写作专题补充 怎样写英语图表作文.doc

写作专题补充 怎样写英语图表作文.doc

写作专题补充 怎样写英语图表作文.doc

上传者: 134*****850@sina.cn 2014-04-09 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《写作专题补充 怎样写英语图表作文doc》,可适用于高中教育领域,主题内容包含陕西省洋县中学 高晓锋 白玉龙  纵观近几年高考英语书面表达大致分为材料作文、图表作文和开放作文。且材料作文逐渐被图表作文取代图表分析作文就是将数据符等。

陕西省洋县中学 高晓锋 白玉龙  纵观近几年高考英语书面表达大致分为材料作文、图表作文和开放作文。且材料作文逐渐被图表作文取代图表分析作文就是将数据、图像所包含的信息转化为表意的说明文字。图表分析作文通常比较复杂学生不仅要弄清提示还要看懂所给的图表和数据。由于这类试题提示内容少信息点分散审题时一定要领会作者的出题意图弄清主题再动笔:单纯描述解释图表信息按图表所示内容如实表达不加评论。通过叙述图表(或图画)中的内容和数字变化来分析原因发表议论。(一)柱状图(BARCHART)人们日常生活中事物的变化情况通常可以用宽度相等的柱状图形来表示柱状图的高度差别用来说明事物的动态发展趋势同时要注意图例说明和坐标刻度所提示的信息。例:你们班会的讨论主题是“上大学是高中生唯一的出路吗?”请你根据下面图表及汉语提示写一篇短文并阐述你的个人观点。提示:增长学识提高素养利于择业。成功的路不只一条。学费高就业难。要求:词数:~左右。开头语已为你写好(不计入词数)。参考词汇:tuitionn学费 qualitiesn素养【解题分析】柱状图是高中英语课本中常见的图形要求学生通过柱状图图中数据和提示内容写一短文属于比较、对照类。也可根据提示写为议论文。通常我们采取三段式写法:第一段:描述图表得出结论。第二段:紧扣主题根据图表比较分析原因论证结论。第三段:发表议论提出自己的看法。【提炼要点】分析柱状图数据信息。从图中可看出黑色代表想上大学占大多数约浅黑色代表无所谓占约白色代表不想上大学占约。OnepossibleversionIsItTheOnlyWayOutToGoToCollege?WehadadiscussionaboutwhetheritistheonlywayoutforseniorstudentstogotocollegeViewsvaryfrompersontopersonThemajorityofusconsideritverynecessarytogotocollegeTheythinkitcanwidentheirknowledgeandimprovetheirqualitiesOnlyinthiswaycantheyfindbetterjobsaftergraduationVeryfewstudentsthatisabouttenpercentofthestudentsthinkitnousegoinguniversitybecausethetuitionistoohighfortheirfamilytoaffordWhat'smoreit'sratherhardforcollegegraduatestoseeksatisfactoryjobsThirtypercentofthestudentshoweverbelieve“AllroadsleadtoRome”Thereforeitdoesn'tmakeanydifferencewhethertheygotocollegeornotInmyopinionwecanreceiveabettereducationatcollegesothatwecanserveourmotherland【语言亮点】词汇。如:considerwidenaffordseeksatisfactory。句式。如:形式宾语:Themajorityofusconsideritverynecessarytogotocollege倒装:Onlyinthiswaycantheyfindbetterjobsaftergraduation主语从句:it'sratherhardforcollegegraduatestoseeksatisfactoryjobs谚语:AllroadsleadtoRome过渡词。如:thatisabouttenpercentofthestudentswhat'smorehoweverinmyopinion。【技巧点拨】读懂柱状图坐标刻线及图例说明与文字比较柱状高低和颜色表示内容及数据。学会看趋势、找规律从整体看图表有何发展变化找出特点、规律。引用图表包含信息使你的文章“由图而发”言之有据。  【常用句式】Ascanbeseenfromthechart AsisshowninthechartThechartshowsthataboutpercentofstudentswanttogotocollegeFromthegraphdataresultsinformationaboveitcanbeseenconcludedshownestimatedThegraphshowsthechangesinthenumberofovertheperiodfromtoComparedwiththenumberofthestudentsof实战演练观察下列图表请以“ChangesintheOwnershipofHouse”为主题为校报写一篇短文。注意:短文应包括以下内容:根据图示描述该市住房产权的变化。分析产生这些变化的原因。说明这些变化对个人和社会产生的影响。要求:首句已经为你写好。词数左右。OnepossibleversionOwnershipofHousesinaBigCityinChinaAscanbeseenfromthechartownershipofhousesinabigcityinChinachangedinthepasttenyearsInpercentofthehouseswerestateownedFiveyearslatertherateofstateownedhousestoprivateoneswastoButfromthenontheownershipofhouseschangedrapidlyandsofarpercentofhouseshavebeenprivateWhatcausedthechanges?TheremighthavebeentwomainreasonsFirstfromuptonowthepeople'slivingstandardshavebeenimprovingMostofthemcanaffordtobuythehousesSecondmostpeopledonotsavealotofmoneyinthebankfortheirchildrenastheirparentsdidinthepastTheywanttohavetheirownhomeandenjoylifeSuchchangeshavehadagreateffectonthedevelopmentofsocietyItdoesgoodtoboththecitizensandthegovernment真题体验(湖北)受某英文报的委托你最近对高中生的英语阅读兴趣做了一次调查。请根据以下信息用英语为该报写一篇词左右的短文。短文的标题及首句已为你写好。调查内容:在新闻、故事、科普、学习方法四种英文文章中学生最喜欢哪一种调查范围:湖北省的所中学调查对象:高中生调查人数:,调查方式:访谈调查结果:(见下图)OnepossibleversionReadingInterestsofSeniorMiddleSchoolStudentsRecentlyasurveyhasbeendonetofindoutthereadinginterestsofseniormiddleschoolstudentsInthissurveyonethousandseniormiddleschoolstudentsfromtenschoolsinHubeiProvincewereinterviewedTheywereaskedwhichtheylikedreadingmostamongthefourcategoriesofEnglisharticlesnewsstoriespopularsciencearticlesandarticlesaboutlearningmethodsThesurveyshowsthatmorethanhalfofthestudentsliketoreadnewsmostTwentysixpercentofthestudentssaythatEnglishstoriesaretheirfavoriteOnlysevenpercentofthestudentsaremostinterestedinreadingarticlesaboutlearningmethodsHoweverthenumberofstudentswhoenjoyreadingpopularsciencearticlesdoublesthatofthosewhopreferreadingarticlesaboutlearningmethods(二)曲线图(LINEGRAPH)曲线图常用来表示事物的变化趋势。常分为带时间参照和不带时间参照两种。曲线图的特点是信息集中一目了然。例:下面的曲线图是我国年不同月份汽车事故分布示意图请以“Thenumberofcaraccidentsin”为题写一篇文章。要求:描述不同月份汽车事故分布(distribution)及总趋势。描述汽车事故的可能原因和对策。参考词汇:peak顶点高峰。词数:~。【解题分析】英语曲线图作文实际是一篇“解说词”即通过曲线图提供的信息分析图中数据综合出文章的主题。可采取三段式写法:第一段:用简短的几个句子简述图表。第二段:根据图表分类概括性地描述曲线内容。第三段:对文章整体内容进行结论性总结。【提炼要点】分析曲线图数据信息。从图中可看出曲线图的横轴代表年的不同的月份纵轴代表交通事故的数量。从交通事故曲线图上可知前八个月的交通事故的数量有升有降。曲线图在八月份升到了最高点()此后一直呈下降的趋势十二月份降到了最低点()。可见年的交通事故的数量总体上呈下降的趋势。OnepossibleversionTheNumberofCarAccidentsinFromthegraphwecanseethatthereweretwopeaksofaccidentsinOnewasinFebwiththenumberofTheotherwasinAugustwiththenumberofwhichwasthehighestpointofthedistributionlineFromAugustthenumberofcaraccidenthadbeendecreasingtillitreachedthelowestpointoftheyearinDecemberTwopeaksoccurredinspringandsummerthetwoseasonswhichhadmostoftheyear'srainDrivingtendstobemoredangerousinrainydaysMaybetheweatheristhemostimportantreasonforcaraccidentsBecarefulwhenyoudriveacarinrainydays【语言亮点】词汇。如:peakpointdistributiondecreasereachoccurtendto。句式。如:宾语从句:wecanseethatthereweretwopeaksofaccidentsin定语从句:whichwasthehighestpointofthedistributionline状语从句:tillitreachedthelowestpointoftheyearinDecemberwhenyoudriveacarinrainydays  【技巧点拨】认真观察坐标系信息抓住曲线图变化趋势结合提供的时间和数据参照寻求切入点。根据曲线图的变化过程尽可能利用所给的文字信息进行分类比较总结。写作过程中不必要将图中全部数据信息加以描述只需将典型内容作以分析。注意根据有无时间参照确定整篇文章时态。【常用句式】AscanbeseenfromthegraphthelineshowsthatAccordingtothegraphwecanseeconcludethatThisisalinegraphwhichdescribesthetrendofThenumbersharplywentuptoThepercentageofstayedthesamebetweenThefiguresreachedthepeaksbottom实战演练根据下面曲线图以CarExplosioninChina为题描述我国近年来私人拥有小汽车情况说明人们生活的水平的变化和你的看法。短文开头已给出不计入总词数。词数:左右。OnepossibleversionCarExplosioninChinaAsisvividlydescribedinthetableabovegreatchangesincarownershiphavetakenplaceinChinaoverpastdecadeThenumberofprivatecarshasaccordinglyincreasednearlytimesfrommorethanmillionintoovermillioninWhat'sthereason?TherearetwomainfactorsforthesechangesTobeginwithdevelopmentineconomyplaysavitalroleintheseyearsThehigherincomesresultsinChinesepeople'sowningprivatecarsWhat'smoreinmodernsocietytimemeansmoneymanyChineseneedacartodobusinessontimeInmyviewhoweverthecarexplosionwillconstantlyincreaseyearbyyearalargenumberofsocialproblemssuchastrafficjamsamongotherthingsareturningupnearlyeverycityinChina自年至年中国农民个人收入稳步增长特别是改革开放政策大大促进了农村经济发展。请你根据下面图表及汉语提示写一篇短文描述其变化并简述其原因。提示:根据图表简析近年农民平均个人收入情况。简析上述变化的原因。谈谈你的看法。注意:词数左右。参考词汇:图表graph改革开放reformandopeningupOnepossibleversionAccordingtothefiguresgivenbythegraphtheChinesefarmers'personalincomerosesteadilyfromtoInthemiddleof'stheirincomewasratherlowTheirannualpersonalincomewasaboutyuanButintheaveragepersonalincomeincreasedtoyuanAsisshownbythegraphintheirincomedoubleduptoyuanAfterthattheirincomearegrowingsharplyInawordduringtheperiodofyearsthefarmers'incomehadgoneuprapidlyThereweremanyreasonsforitMainlytheChinesegovernmenthadbeencarryingoutareformandopeningpolicywhichresultedinthesteadygrowthoffarmers'incomeIbelievethatwithaseriesofagriculturalpoliciesbeingcarriedoutthereisnodoubtthatthefarmers'livingstandardwillbeimprovedtothefullest

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