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首页 FIFA laws of the game 2013-14

FIFA laws of the game 2013-14.pdf

FIFA laws of the game 2013-14

yu余
2013-12-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《FIFA laws of the game 2013-14pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

LawsoftheGameFédérationInternationaledeFootballAssociationPresident:JosephSBlatterSecretaryGeneral:JérômeValckeAddress:FIFAFIFAStrassePOBoxZurichSwitzerlandTelephone:()Fax:()Internet:wwwFIFAcomAuthorisedbytheInternationalFootballAssociationBoardThisbookletmaynotbereproducedortranslatedinwholeorinpartinanymannerwithoutthepermissionofFIFAPublishedbyFédérationInternationaledeFootballAssociation,FIFAStrasse,Zurich,SwitzerlandLawsoftheGameFÉDÉRATIONINTERNATIONALEDEFOOTBALLASSOCIATIONPresident:JosephSBlatter(Switzerland)SecretaryGeneral:JérômeValcke(France)Address:FIFAStrassePOBoxZurichSwitzerlandTelephone:()Telefax:()Internet:wwwFIFAcomINTERNATIONALFOOTBALLASSOCIATIONBOARD(IFAB)Members:TheFootballAssociationTheScottishFootballAssociationTheFootballAssociationofWalesIrishFootballAssociation(voteeach)FédérationInternationaledeFootballAssociation(FIFA)(votes)NextmeetingoftheInternationalFootballAssociationBoard:Zurich,FebruaryNOTESONTHELAWSOFTHEGAMEModificationsSubjecttotheagreementofthememberassociationconcernedandprovidedtheprinciplesoftheseLawsaremaintained,theLawsmaybemodifiedintheirapplicationformatchesforplayersofunderyearsofage,forwomenfootballers,forveteranfootballers(overyearsofage)andforplayerswithdisabilitiesAnyorallofthefollowingmodificationsarepermissible:•sizeofthefieldofplay•size,weightandmaterialoftheball•widthbetweenthegoalpostsandheightofthecrossbarfromtheground•durationoftheperiodsofplay•substitutionsFurthermodificationsareonlyallowedwiththeconsentoftheInternationalFootballAssociationBoardMaleandFemaleReferencestothemalegenderintheLawsoftheGameinrespectofreferees,assistantreferees,playersandofficialsareforsimplificationandapplytobothmenandwomenOfficiallanguagesOnbehalfoftheInternationalFootballAssociationBoard,FIFApublishestheLawsoftheGameinEnglish,French,GermanandSpanishIfthereisanydivergenceinthewording,theEnglishtextisauthoritativeKeyAsinglelineinthelefthandmarginindicatesnewLawchangesCONTENTSPageLaw–TheFieldofPlay–TheBall–TheNumberofPlayers–ThePlayers’Equipment–TheReferee–TheAssistantReferees–TheDurationoftheMatch–TheStartandRestartofPlay–TheBallInandOutofPlay–TheMethodofScoring–Offside–FoulsandMisconduct–FreeKicks–ThePenaltyKick–TheThrowin–TheGoalKick–TheCornerKickProcedurestoDeterminetheWinnerofaMatchorHomeandAwayTheTechnicalAreaTheFourthOfficialandtheReserveAssistantRefereeTheAdditionalAssistantRefereeInterpretationoftheLawsoftheGameandGuidelinesforRefereesRulesoftheInternationalFootballAssociationBoardLAW–THEFIELDOFPLAYFieldsurfaceMatchesmaybeplayedonnaturalorartificialsurfaces,accordingtotherulesofthecompetitionThecolourofartificialsurfacesmustbegreenWhereartificialsurfacesareusedineithercompetitionmatchesbetweenrepresentativeteamsofmemberassociationsaffiliatedtoFIFAorinternationalclubcompetitionmatches,thesurfacemustmeettherequirementsoftheFIFAQualityConceptforFootballTurfortheInternationalArtificialTurfStandard,unlessspecialdispensationisgivenbyFIFAFieldmarkingsThefieldofplaymustberectangularandmarkedwithlinesTheselinesbelongtotheareasofwhichtheyareboundariesThetwolongerboundarylinesarecalledtouchlinesThetwoshorterlinesarecalledgoallinesThefieldofplayisdividedintotwohalvesbyahalfwayline,whichjoinsthemidpointsofthetwotouchlinesThecentremarkisindicatedatthemidpointofthehalfwaylineAcirclewitharadiusofm(yds)ismarkedarounditMarksmaybemadeoffthefieldofplay,m(yds)fromthecornerarcandatrightanglestothegoallinesandthetouchlines,toensurethatdefendingplayersretreatthisdistancewhenacornerkickisbeingtakenLAW–THEFIELDOFPLAYDimensionsThelengthofthetouchlinemustbegreaterthanthelengthofthegoallineLength(touchline):minimumm(yds)maximumm(yds)Width(goalline):minimumm(yds)maximumm(yds)Alllinesmustbeofthesamewidth,whichmustbenotmorethancm(ins)InternationalmatchesLength:minimumm(yds)maximumm(yds)Width:minimumm(yds)maximumm(yds)ThegoalareaTwolinesaredrawnatrightanglestothegoalline,m(yds)fromtheinsideofeachgoalpostTheselinesextendintothefieldofplayforadistanceofm(yds)andarejoinedbyalinedrawnparallelwiththegoallineTheareaboundedbytheselinesandthegoallineisthegoalareaLAW–THEFIELDOFPLAYThepenaltyareaTwolinesaredrawnatrightanglestothegoalline,m(yds)fromtheinsideofeachgoalpostTheselinesextendintothefieldofplayforadistanceofm(yds)andarejoinedbyalinedrawnparallelwiththegoallineTheareaboundedbytheselinesandthegoallineisthepenaltyareaWithineachpenaltyarea,apenaltymarkismadem(yds)fromthemidpointbetweenthegoalpostsandequidistanttothemAnarcofacirclewitharadiusofm(yds)fromthecentreofeachpenaltymarkisdrawnoutsidethepenaltyareaFlagpostsAflagpost,notlessthanm(ft)high,withanonpointedtopandaflagmustbeplacedateachcornerFlagpostsmayalsobeplacedateachendofthehalfwayline,notlessthanm(yd)outsidethetouchlineThecornerarcAquartercirclewitharadiusofm(yd)fromeachcornerflagpostisdrawninsidethefieldofplayGoalsAgoalmustbeplacedonthecentreofeachgoallineAgoalconsistsoftwouprightpostsequidistantfromthecornerflagpostsandjoinedatthetopbyahorizontalcrossbarThegoalpostsandcrossbarmustbemadeofwood,metalorotherapprovedmaterialTheymustbesquare,rectangular,roundorellipticalinshapeandmustnotbedangeroustoplayersThedistancebetweenthepostsism(yds)andthedistancefromtheloweredgeofthecrossbartothegroundism(ft)m(yds)m(ft)LAW–THEFIELDOFPLAYThepositionofthegoalpostsinrelationtothegoallinemustbeaccordingtothegraphicsbelowIftheshapeofthegoalpostsissquare(viewedfromabove),thesidesmustbeparallelorperpendiculartothegoallineThesidesofthecrossbarmustbeparallelorperpendiculartothefieldplaneIftheshapeofthegoalpostsiselliptical(viewedfromabove),thelongestaxismustbeperpendiculartothegoallineThelongestaxisofthecrossbarmustbeparalleltothefieldplaneIftheshapeofthegoalpostsisrectangular(viewedfromabove),thelongestsidemustbeperpendiculartothegoallineThelongestsideofthecrossbarmustbeparalleltothefieldplaneLAW–THEFIELDOFPLAYBothgoalpostsandthecrossbarhavethesamewidthanddepth,whichdonotexceedcm(ins)ThegoallinesmustbeofthesamewidthasthegoalpostsandthecrossbarNetsmaybeattachedtothegoalsandthegroundbehindthegoal,providedthattheyareproperlysupportedanddonotinterferewiththegoalkeeperThegoalpostsandcrossbarsmustbewhiteSafetyGoalsmustbeanchoredsecurelytothegroundPortablegoalsmayonlybeusediftheysatisfythisrequirementLAW–THEFIELDOFPLAYLAW–THEFIELDOFPLAYThefieldofplayCornerflagpostPENALTYAREAGOALLINECORNERARCOPTIONALMARKTOUCHLINECENTREMARKCENTRECIRCLEHALFWAYLINEPENALTYARCFLAGPOST(optional)TOUCHLINEGOALLINEGOALAREAPENALTYMARKCORNERFLAGPOST(compulsory)OPTIONALMARKFlagtobenotlessthanmfthighwithanonpointedtopLinestobenotmorethancminswide!MPLCP�kENMQR�GQ�AMKNSJQMPWCornerarcLAW–THEFIELDOFPLAYMetricmeasurementsImperialmeasurementsmmradiusLength:MaximummMinimummWidth:MaximummMinimummmmmmmRadius:mmmmydsydradiusLength:MaximumydsMinimumydsWidth:MaximumydsMinimumydsydsydsydsydsydsRadius:ydsydsydsydsLAW–THEFIELDOFPLAYDecisionsoftheInternationalFABoardDecisionWhereatechnicalareaexists,itmustmeettherequirementsapprovedbytheInternationalFABoard,whicharecontainedinthesectionofthispublicationentitledTheTechnicalAreaDecisionWheregoallinetechnology(GLT)isused,modificationstothegoalframemaybeallowedTheymustbeinaccordancewiththespecificationsstipulatedintheFIFAQualityProgrammeforGLTandaccordingtotheabovedescription,“Goals”LAW–THEBALLQualitiesandmeasurementsTheballis:•spherical•madeofleatherorothersuitablematerial•ofacircumferenceofnotmorethancm(ins)andnotlessthancm(ins)•notmorethang(oz)andnotlessthang(oz)inweightatthestartofthematch•ofapressureequalto–atmosphere(–,gcm)atsealevel(lbssqin–lbssqin)ReplacementofadefectiveballIftheballburstsorbecomesdefectiveduringthecourseofamatch:•thematchisstopped•thematchisrestartedbydroppingthereplacementballattheplacewheretheoriginalballbecamedefective,unlessplaywasstoppedinsidethegoalarea,inwhichcasetherefereedropsthereplacementballonthegoalarealineparalleltothegoallineatthepointnearesttowheretheoriginalballwaslocatedwhenplaywasstoppedIftheballburstsorbecomesdefectiveduringapenaltykickorduringkicksfromthepenaltymarkasitmovesforwardandbeforeittouchesanyplayerorthecrossbarorgoalposts:•thepenaltykickisretakenIftheballburstsorbecomesdefectivewhilstnotinplayatakickoff,goalkick,cornerkick,freekick,penaltykickorthrowin:•thematchisrestartedaccordinglyTheballmaynotbechangedduringthematchwithouttheauthorityoftherefereeLAW–THEBALLDecisionsoftheInternationalFABoardDecisionInadditiontotherequirementsofLaw,acceptanceofaballforuseinmatchesplayedinanofficialcompetitionorganisedundertheauspicesofFIFAortheconfederationsisconditionalupontheballbearingoneofthefollowing:•theofficial“FIFAAPPROVED”logo•theofficial“FIFAINSPECTED”logo•the“INTERNATIONALMATCHBALLSTANDARD”logoSuchalogoonaballindicatesthatithasbeentestedofficiallyandfoundtobeincompliancewithspecifictechnicalrequirements,differentforeachlogoandadditionaltotheminimumspecificationsstipulatedinLawThelistoftheadditionalrequirementsspecifictoeachoftherespectivelogosmustbeapprovedbytheInternationalFABoardTheinstitutesconductingthetestsaresubjecttotheapprovalofFIFAMemberassociationcompetitionsmayalsorequiretheuseofballsbearinganyoneofthesethreelogosDecisionInmatchesplayedinanofficialcompetitionorganisedundertheauspicesofFIFA,theconfederationsorthememberassociations,noformofcommercialadvertisingontheballispermitted,exceptfortheemblemofthecompetition,thecompetitionorganiserandtheauthorisedtrademarkofthemanufacturerThecompetitionregulationsmayrestrictthesizeandnumberofsuchmarkingsDecisionWheregoallinetechnology(GLT)isused,ballswithintegratedtechnologyareallowed,buttheymusteitherbe“FIFAAPPROVED”,“FIFAINSPECTED”or“INTERNATIONALMATCHBALLSTANDARD”(see“Decision”)LAW–THENUMBEROFPLAYERSNumberofPlayersAmatchisplayedbytwoteams,eachconsistingofnotmorethanelevenplayers,oneofwhomisthegoalkeeperAmatchmaynotstartifeitherteamconsistsoffewerthansevenplayersNumberofsubstitutionsOfficialcompetitionsUptoamaximumofthreesubstitutesmaybeusedinanymatchplayedinanofficialcompetitionorganisedundertheauspicesofFIFA,theconfederationsorthememberassociationsTherulesofthecompetitionmuststatehowmanysubstitutesmaybenominated,fromthreeuptoamaximumoftwelveOthermatchesInnational“A”teammatches,uptoamaximumofsixsubstitutesmaybeusedInallothermatches,agreaternumberofsubstitutesmaybeusedprovidedthat:•theteamsconcernedreachagreementonamaximumnumber•therefereeisinformedbeforethematchIftherefereeisnotinformed,orifnoagreementisreachedbeforethematch,nomorethansixsubstitutesareallowedLAW–THENUMBEROFPLAYERSSubstitutionprocedureInallmatches,thenamesofthesubstitutesmustbegiventotherefereepriortothestartofthematchAnysubstitutewhosenameisnotgiventotherefereeatthistimemaynottakepartinthematchToreplaceaplayerwithasubstitute,thefollowingconditionsmustbeobserved:•therefereemustbeinformedbeforeanyproposedsubstitutionismade•thesubstituteonlyentersthefieldofplayaftertheplayerbeingreplacedhasleftandafterreceivingasignalfromthereferee•thesubstituteonlyentersthefieldofplayatthehalfwaylineandduringastoppageinthematch•thesubstitutioniscompletedwhenasubstituteentersthefieldofplay•fromthatmoment,thesubstitutebecomesaplayerandtheplayerhehasreplacedbecomesasubstitutedplayer•thesubstitutedplayertakesnofurtherpartinthematch•allsubstitutesaresubjecttotheauthorityandjurisdictionofthereferee,whethercalledupontoplayornotChangingthegoalkeeperAnyoftheotherplayersmaychangeplaceswiththegoalkeeper,providedthat:•therefereeisinformedbeforethechangeismade•thechangeismadeduringastoppageinthematchLAW–THENUMBEROFPLAYERSInfringementsandsanctionsIfasubstituteorsubstitutedplayerentersthefieldofplaywithoutthereferee’spermission:•therefereestopsplay(althoughnotimmediatelyifthesubstituteorsubstitutedplayerdoesnotinterferewithplay)•therefereecautionshimforunsportingbehaviourandordershimtoleavethefieldofplay•iftherefereehasstoppedplay,itisrestartedwithanindirectfreekickfortheopposingteamfromthepositionoftheballatthetimeofthestoppage(seeLaw–Positionoffreekick)Ifanamedsubstituteentersthefieldofplayinsteadofanamedplayeratthestartofthematchandtherefereeisnotinformedofthischange:•therefereeallowsthenamedsubstitutetocontinuethematch•nodisciplinarysanctionistakenagainstthenamedsubstitute•thenumberofsubstitutionsallowedbytheoffendingteamisnotreduced•therefereereportstheincidenttotheappropriateauthoritiesIfaplayerchangesplaceswiththegoalkeeperwithoutthereferee’spermissionbeforethechangeismade:•therefereeallowsplaytocontinue•therefereecautionstheplayersconcernedwhentheballisnextoutofplayIntheeventofanyotherinfringementsofthisLaw:•theplayersconcernedarecautioned•thematchisrestartedwithanindirectfreekick,tobetakenbyaplayeroftheopposingteamfromthepositionoftheballatthetimeofthestoppage(seeLaw–Positionoffreekick)LAW–THENUMBEROFPLAYERSPlayersandsubstitutessentoffAplayerwhohasbeensentoffbeforethekickoffmaybereplacedonlybyoneofthenamedsubstitutesAnamedsubstitutewhohasbeensentoff,eitherbeforethekickofforafterplayhasstarted,maynotbereplacedLAW–THEPLAYERS’EQUIPMENTSafetyAplayermustnotuseequipmentorwearanythingthatisdangeroustohimselforanotherplayer(includinganykindofjewellery)BasicequipmentThebasiccompulsoryequipmentofaplayercomprisesthefollowingseparateitems:•ajerseyorshirtwithsleeves–ifundergarmentsareworn,thecolourofthesleevemustbethesamemaincolourasthesleeveofthejerseyorshirt•shorts–ifundershortsortightsareworn,theymustbeofthesamemaincolourastheshorts•stockings–iftapeorsimilarmaterialisappliedexternallyitmustbethesamecolourasthatpartofthestockingitisappliedto•shinguards•footwearShinguards•arecoveredentirelybythestockings•aremadeofrubber,plasticorasimilarsuitablematerial•provideareasonabledegreeofprotectionColours•Thetwoteamsmustwearcoloursthatdistinguishthemfromeachotherandalsotherefereeandtheassistantreferees•Eachgoalkeepermustwearcoloursthatdistinguishhimfromtheotherplayers,therefereeandtheassistantrefereesLAW–THEPLAYERS’EQUIPMENTInfringementsandsanctionsIntheeventofanyinfringementofthisLaw:•playneednotbestopped•theplayeratfaultisinstructedbytherefereetoleavethefieldofplaytocorrecthisequipment•theplayerleavesthefieldofplaywhentheballnextceasestobeinplay,unlesshehasalreadycorrectedhisequipment•anyplayerrequiredtoleavethefieldofplaytocorrecthisequipmentmustnotreenterwithoutthereferee’spermission•therefereechecksthattheplayer’sequipmentiscorrectbeforeallowinghimtoreenterthefieldofplay•theplayerisonlyallowedtoreenterthefieldofplaywhentheballisoutofplayAplayerwhohasbeenrequiredtoleavethefieldofplaybecauseofaninfringementofthisLawandwhoreentersthefieldofplaywithoutthereferee’spermissionmustbecautionedRestartofplayIfplayisstoppedbytherefereetoadministeracaution:•thematchisrestartedbyanindirectfreekicktakenbyaplayeroftheopposingteamfromtheplacewheretheballwaslocatedwhentherefereestoppedthematch(seeLaw–Positionoffreekick)LAW–THEPLAYERS’EQUIPMENTDecisionsoftheInternationalFABoardDecisionPlayersmustnotrevealundergarmentsshowingslogansoradvertisingThebasiccompulsoryequipmentmustnothaveanypolitical,religiousorpersonalstatementsAplayerremovinghisjerseyorshirttorevealslogansoradvertisingwillbesanctionedbythecompetitionorganiserTheteamofaplayerwhosebasiccompulsoryequipmenthaspolitical,religiousorpersonalslogansorstatementswillbesanctionedbythecompetitionorganiserorbyFIFALAW–THEREFEREETheauthorityoftherefereeEachmatchiscontrolledbyarefereewhohasfullauthoritytoenforcetheLawsoftheGameinconnectionwiththematchtowhichhehasbeenappointedP

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