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首页 棒球 Eyewitness Baseball.pdf

棒球 Eyewitness Baseball.pdf

棒球 Eyewitness Baseball.pdf

上传者: 外语书籍 2013-12-16 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《棒球 Eyewitness Baseballpdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含EyewitnessBASEBALLBASEBALLEyewitnessBaseball(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsR符等。

EyewitnessBASEBALLBASEBALLEyewitnessBaseball(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsReservedEarlybaseballCincinnatiRedsscorecardLouisvilleSluggerbaseballbatMickeyMantleCharleston,Arkansas,“townteam”Oielder’sgloveThepitchingsequenceOzzieSmith(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsReservedEyewitnessBaseballWrittenbyJAMESKELLEYDKPublishing,IncBabeRuthandLouGehrigBiographyofSatchelPaigeTedWilliams’sspikesHomeplatecollisionLittleLeagueWorldSeriesChampionsGeorgeBrett’sHallofFameplaque(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsReservedPublisherNealPorterExecutiveEditorIrisRosoffArtDirectorDirkKaufmanAProductionoftheShorelinePublishingGroupEditorialDirectorJamesBuckley,JrEyewitnessBaseballDesignerThomasJCarlingStudioandMemorabiliaPhotographyMichaelBurrandDavidSpindelRevisedEditionEditorsElizabethHester,JamesBuckley,JrPublishingdirectorBethSutinisDesignersJessicaLasher,ThomasJCarlingArtdirectorDirkKaufmanDTPdesignerMilosOrlovicProductionChrisAvgherinos,IvorParkerThiseditionpublishedintheUnitedStatesinbyDKPublishing,IncHudsonStreet,NewYork,NYCopyrightDKPublishing,IncTextcopyrightbyJamesBuckley,JrAllrightsreservedunderInternationalandPanAmericanCopyrightConventionsNopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recording,orotherwise,withoutthepriorwrittenpermissionofthecopyrightownerPublishedinGreatBritainbyDorlingKindersleyLimitedLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataKelley,JamesBaseballbyJamesKelleystAmericanedpcmSummary:Textanddetailedphotographspresentthehistory,techniques,andinterestingfactsofbaseballISBN(hc)ISBN(libbdg)BaseballJuvenileliteratureBaseballITitleSeries(DorlingKindersleyEyewitnessBooks)GVBIdeOriginalcolorreproductionbyMullisMorgan,UKColorreproductionforrevisededitionbyColourscan,SingaporePrintedinChinabyToppanPrintingCo,(Shenzhen)LtdLondon,newYork,MeLbourne,Munich,anddeLhiDiscovermoreatEricGagneWorldSeriestrophysClevelandIndianswarmupsweaterWomen’sprobaseballinthesBarryBonds(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsReservedContentsBaseBallBeginningsBirthoftheProsTheBabeTheMajorLeaguesTheDiamondBatsandBallsBaseballGlovesHatsandHelmetsUniformsPitchingCatchingInfieldandOieldBattingBaserunningHey,Blue!CardsandStatsInternationalBaseballTheNegroLeaguesAKid’sGameWomeninBaseballBallparksBaseballHallofFameWorldSeriesHistoryWorldSeriesHeroesTheHomeRunDidyouknowBaseballcalendarMakingtheMajorsFindoutmoreGlossaryIndexcredits(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsReservedBaseBallBeginningsAball,abat,andfourbasesonafieldTheelementsofthegamethatbecamebaseballhavebeenaroundforhundredsofyears,mostfamouslyinanEnglishgamecalled“rounders”Americanshadbeenplayinganotherballgamewithbasescalled“townball”sinceaftertheRevolutionaryWarBythes,sportsmeninseveralNortheasterncitiesweregatheringregularlytoplayseveralvariationsofwhattheycalled“baseball”In,AlexanderCartwright(inset)andDaniel“Doc”Adams,leadersoftheKnickerbockerBaseBallClub,developedthefirstsetofrulesforthegameThoughthoseruleschangedrapidlyoverthenextfewyearsandcontinuedtoevolveintothes,theywerecloseenoughtowhatbaseballistodaytomarkthe“birth”ofbaseballFromhumblebeginnings,thegamehasgrownfromasportplayedbygentlemenonweekendstoasportplayedbymen,women,boysandgirlsofallagesinmorethancountriesAftergoingwestfortheCaliforniaGoldRushof,CartwrightlaterbecameafirechiefinHonoluluBATTERUP!Fromthebeginningofthegame,baseballbatshavemaintainedtheiruniqueshape:thickatthetopandtaperingtoanarrowerhandleEarlybatsdidnothaveasmuchtaperingastoday’sbats,buttheirfunctionwasthesame:“Meettheballandhit’emwheretheyain’t”ThickhandleTHEDOUBLEDAYMYTHAcommissiontotracethe“official”originofbaseballsomehowsettledonthestoryofUnionArmyGeneralAbnerDoubleday,who,itwasclaimed,inventedthegameininCooperstown,NewYorkModernresearchhascompletelydebunkedthistheory,althoughthe“myth”ofhisinvolvementremainspopulartodayUnionArmyuniformTOWNTEAMSAkeytothegrowthofbaseballacrossAmericainthelateswastheformationof“townteams,”suchasthisonefromCharleston,Arkansas(shownbeforeWorldWarI)Theplayerswereamateurs,thesponsorslocalbusinessmen,andtheprizewasbraggingrightsoverneighboringtownsButmanygreatplayersgottheirstartonteamslikethisoneTheauthor’sgreat‑grandfatherNicholasMindenDiamondandbasepaths(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsReservedBASEBALLHEADSSOUTHTheCivilWar()helpedspreadbaseballaroundthecountry,asUnionsoldierstooktheirgame,mostpopulararoundNewYork,ontheroadwiththemThisnotedlithographshowsUnionprisonersataConfederatecampinSalisbury,NorthCarolina,puttingonagamewatchedbyguardsandfellowprisonersalikePitcherBatterCatcherPLAYBALL!ThefistbaseballsquicklybecamesoftandmushyasplaywentonPlayerssoonlearnedthatwindingyarnmoretightlyaroundarubbercenter,thencoveringwithtightlystitchedleather,madeaharderballthattraveledfartherandlastedlongerLeatherstitchingBASEBALLTUNESEvenbandleaderJohnPhilipSousa(right,insuit)sponsoredateamThissong,the“ThreeStrikesTwoStep,”waswritteninhonorofhisteamItwasoneofmanytunes,poems(left),andstoriesaboutbaseball,asitquicklybecamethe“NationalPastime”CASEYATTHEBAT(Thisisanexcerptfromthemostfamousbaseballpoem,writteninbyErnestLThayerIttellsthestoryofafabledplayergettingonelastchancetosavetheday)…Thenfrom,throatsandmorethererosealustyyellItrambledthroughthevalley,itrattledinthedellItknockeduponthemountainandrecoiledupontheflat,ForCasey,mightyCasey,wasadvancingtothebatTherewaseaseinCasey’smannerashesteppedintohisplaceTherewasprideinCasey’sbearingandasmileonCasey’sfaceAndwhen,respondingtothecheers,helightlydoffedhishat,Nostrangerinthecrowdcoulddoubt’twasCaseyatthebat…Severalstanzaslater……ThesneerisgonefromCasey’slip,histeethareclenchedinhateHepoundswithcruelviolencehisbatupontheplateAndnowthepitcherholdstheball,andnowheletsitgo,AndnowtheairisshatteredbytheforceofCasey’sblowOh,somewhereinthisfavoredlandthesunisshiningbrightThebandisplayingsomewhere,andsomewhereheartsarelight,Andsomewheremenarelaughing,andsomewherechildrenshoutButthereisnojoyinMudvillemightyCaseyhasstruckout(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsReservedBirthoftheProsThoughbaseball’sbeginningswerehumble,itdidn’ttakelongforplayerstorealizetherewasawaytomakemoneyplayingthisgameBytheyearsaftertheCivilWar,topplayerswerebeingluredfromclubtoclubbysecretpaymentsIn,theCincinnatiRedStockingsdroppedthepretenseandannouncedthemselvesasprofessionalplayersTheybarnstormedtheEast,playing(anddefeating)allcomersTwoyearslater,theNationalAssociationjoinedtogetherseveralproteamstoformthefirstproleagueFromthenon,baseballwouldhavetwoworlds:professionalandeveryoneleseInthelatethcentury,severalproleaguesroseandfellBy,thereweretwoestablished“majorleagues,”alongwithseveralother“minor”proleagues,muchasitistodaySPALDING’SSPORTAlbertGSpaldingwasatopnotchpitcherinhisyouth,postinganamazingrecordinHealsohelpedcreatetheNationalLeaguein,laterwasthepresidentoftheChicagoWhiteSox,andheadedaworldbaseballtourinHealsofoundedthestillthrivingSpaldingSportingGoodsCompanyPREWORLDSERIESTheWorldSerieswouldnotbeginuntil,butteamssawthebenefitofpostseasontournamentsearlyonFrom,thefirstandsecondplaceteamsintheNationalLeagueplayedeachotherfortheTempleCupIn(right),theBaltimoreOriolesfinishedfirstintheleague,andalsowontheCupwithfourstraightvictoriesoverClevelandChampionshipmedalEARLYOITSEarlyproplayersenjoyedsnappyoitsasmuchastoday’splayersdoThisheavywoolwarmupsweaterwassportedbymembersoftheClevelandIndians,anearlyentryintheAmericanLeagueEARLYCHAMPSTheBaltimoreBaseBallClubwontheNationalLeaguechampionshipPlayingastyleofbaseballknownas“littleball,”theywereledbythefamouslyfierceplayermanagerJohnMcGrawHigh‑buttonshoeswornforphoto,notforgamesFORTHEFANSThegrowthofproteams,suchastheAmericanAssociation’sCincinnatiReds(featuringpitcherLeeViauin,below),ledtothecreationofnumerousscorecards,programs,magazines,andsouvenirsfansusedtofollowtheirnewfavoriteteamsandplayersTAKEMEOUTTOTHEBALLGAME(WritteninbyJackNorworthandAlbertVonTilzer,thissongissungateverybaseballgameduringthetopandbottomoftheseventhinningtheseventh‑inningstretch)Takemeouttotheballgame,TakemeoutwiththecrowdBuymesomepeanutsandCrackerJack,Idon’tcareifInevergetbackSoit’sroot,root,rootforthehometeamIftheydon’twin,it’sashame!Forit’sone,two,threestrikesyou’reout,AttheOldBallGame!Thickribbedwool(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsReservedFINALLY…SAFETYEarlycatchersworelittleornosafetyequipmentSpurredbyproplayers,thefirstcatcher’smasksweredevelopedinthesThismodelisfromneartheturnofthecenturyItwouldnotbeuntiltheyearsbeforeWorldWarIthatcatchersregularlybeganusingchestprotectorsandshinguardsPaddedleatherIronbarsHarryWrightEarlypaddedfirstbaseman’sgloveGLOVESONFIRSTFirstbasemenwerethefirstnoncatcherstouseglovesregularlyHavingtocatchnumeroushardthrowsthroughoutagameledtothedevelopmentofthisthicklypaddedmittItsflimsy“webbing”wasafarcryfromtoday’sbig,basketlikeglovesWebbingwassimpleleatherthongONTHEROADBytheturnofthecentury,probaseballhadspreakasfarwestasChicagoandStLouisandasfarsouthasLouisvilleThisschedule(above)fromalsoshowstheRedsmakingstopsinWashington,Philadelphia,NewYork,and“Pittsburg,”asitwasspelledthenNotespellingof“BaseBall”THEFIRSTPROSHarryWright,captainandfounderoftheCincinnatiRedStockings(left),thefirstallprofessionalteam,hasbeencalledthe“fatherofprobaseball”AlongwithstartingtheRedStockings,WrightinventedthebasicbaseballuniformstillusedtodayandpatentedthefirstscorecardHeguidedhisteamtoanmonthwinningstreak,andlaterledBoston’sentryinthenewNationalAssociation,in(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsReservedTheBabeWithoutquestion,GeorgeHerman“Babe”RuthisthemostfamousandimportantbaseballplayerinhistoryItwouldbehardtooverestimatetheimpacttheBabehadonthegame,bothasaplayerandsymbolHisnumbersare“Ruthian,”awordthattodaystillconjuresupboththemightofhissweepingswingandhislargerthanlifepersonalityInseasons(),TheSultanofSwatsluggedhomerunsToputthatincontext,thepreviouscareerrecordholderhad:WhenhehithomerunsfortheYankeesin,histotalwasmorethannearlyeveryotherteam,andmorethanthepreviousrecordsetbytheBambinohimselfinHisbestsingleseasontotalhomerunsinwasarecordforyearsEveryhomerunhitterandeveryworldfamousathleteinanysportcompeteswiththelegendoftheBabeItisabattletheycan’twinWHATMIGHTHAVEBEENWithBostonfrom,youngBabeRuthwasoneofbaseball’sbestpitchersButRedSoxownerHarryFrazeesoldRuthtotheNewYorkYankeesin,foreversaddlingtheBosoxwiththe“CurseoftheBambino”APOWERFULPAIRRuthandLouGehrig(right)wereteammatesontheYankeesforyears,helpingNewYorkwinfourWorldSeriesHeretheyareshowninuniformswornduringanoffseasonexhibitiontourGehrigwasnearlyRuth’sequalasasluggerHiscareerwascutshortbytheillnessthattodaybearshisname“Larrupin”’wasslangfor“slugging”Notethehighsocks:thestyleofthetimesTHE“CALLEDSHOT”ThisstatuetteofRuth,showinghisfamousnumber,recallsoneofbaseball’smostcontroversialmomentsIntheWorldSeries,didRuthpointtothecenterfieldbleachersrightbeforehesluggedahomerthereOrwashewavingatthehecklingbyCubs’playersRuthfirstgotnumberthreebecausehebattedthirdUniformnumbersweren’tusedregularlyuntilthesANADVERTISINGBABERuth’sincrediblepopularityledtohisearningbigmoney(atthetime)forendorsementssuchasthisoneforlargesizemen’sclothesRuthusedanunusuallylarge‑ouncebatOfficiallylistedatpounds,Ruthoftenweighedmuchmore(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsReservedBASEBALL’SMIGHTIESTSWINGRuthincrediblyquickwristsandpowerfulupperbodyhelpedhimhithomerunsButhewasmorethansimplyahomerunhitterRuth’slifetimebattingaverageofranksninthalltimeRuthhadthinlegsandfamouslysmallfeetforamanhissizeBABEANDHISBABYRuth’sdaughterDorothysharedherdadwiththekidsoftheworldRaisedinanorphanage,Ruthalwayshadaspecialplaceinhisheartforhisyoungestfans“BABE,SIGNMYBALL”SomeexpertsbelievethatRuthmayhavesignedmoreautographsthananyothersportslegendofhisday,andcertainlymorethananytodayHesignedsomanybaseballs,bats,programs,andothermemorabiliathathissignatureisnotasvaluableasother,morereticentstarsHesignedthisballtheyearhediedAbaby‑facedRuthgothisfamousnicknameintheminorsBABEONTHEBASEPATHSRuthwasnotthefleetestofrunnersInfact,hewasthrownoutonanattemptedstealofasecondbasetoendtheWorldSeriesHowever,hishighonbasepercentageandoutstandingteammateshelpedhimscore,runs(includingthisonein),tiedforsecondmostalltimeUmpireusingclassicoutsidechestprotectorandmaskRECORDSMASHERSWhenMarkMcGwireandSammySosarewrotethesingleseasonhomerunrecordin,theyweretopplingrecordssetbythesebatsOnthebottom,thebatandballusedbyRuthtohithisthenrecordthhomeruninIn,RogerMarisoftheYankeesbrokeRuth’srecordwithhissthomerun,usingthebatandballatthetopIn‘,McGwireraisedthebarfirstsetbyRuthandlatertoppledbyMaristohomerunsBothplayersusedLouisvilleSluggerbatsPlayersignatureburnedintowoodTHEENDInoneofbaseball’smostmemorableandpoignantphotographs,BabeRuthbidsgoodbyetofansathisbelovedYankeeStadiumstillknowntodayas“TheHousethatRuthBuilt”weeksbeforehisdeathfromthroatcancerinUsingabatforacane,hethankedhisfansandpaidhomagetothesportheplayedlikenooneelse(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsReservedCLASSICCARDINALFirstbasemanAlbertPujolsfinishedinthetopfouroftheNationalLeagueMVPvotingineachofhisfirstthreeseasons(–),afirstinbaseballhistoryHishomersinthosethreeseasonstiedaMajorLeaguerecord,tooPujolscombinespower(morethanhomerseachseason)withbattingskillhewasalsotheNLbattingchampionROCKETMANToday’sfansareluckyenoughtowatchsomeofthegreatestplayersinthehistoryofbaseballHoustonAstros’pitcherRogerClemensisoneexample“TheRocket”makeseverylistofthetoppitcherseverClemenshaswonsevenCyYoungAwards(withBoston,NewYork,Toronto,andHouston),morethananyotherpitcherHehasmorethanvictoriesinhiscareerandhelpedtheYankeeswintwoWorldSeriesThebestbaseballintheworldisplayedbytheteamsthatmakeupMajorLeagueBaseballTheMajorshavetwoparts:theteamNationalLeague,formedin,andtheteamAmericanLeague,whichstartedtoplayinSeveralALteams,includingtheBostonRedSox,DetroitTigers,ChicagoWhiteSox,andClevelandIndians,remaininthecitiestheyfirstplayedinTheChicagoCubsandCincinnatiRedssurvivefromtheearliestdaysoftheNLOverthedecades,manyteamshavemovedtodifferentcities,takenonnewnicknames,orbeenaddedtotheMajorsToday,MajorLeagueteamsarefoundfromcoasttocoastOneteam,theTorontoBlueJays,playsinCanadaWherevertheyplay,theteamsplaythebestbaseballintheworldTheMajorLeaguesNationalLeagueArizonaDiamondbacksAtlantaBravesChicagoCubsCincinnatiRedsColoradoRockiesFloridaMarlinsHoustonAstrosLosAngelesDodgersMilwaukeeBrewersNewYorkMetsPhiladelphiaPhilliesPittsburghPiratesStLouisCardinalsAmericanLeagueAnaheimAngelsFUNFORTHEFANSWhileaMajorLeagueBaseballgameisagreatshowonthefield,manyteamsaddtotheentertainmentforfanswithpromotions,giveaways,andmascots,suchasPhiladelphia’s“PhilliePhanatic”(left)Andthecoolestwaytogetasouveniristocatchafoulballhitintothestands(above)(c)DorlingKindersleyAllRightsReservedVLADTHEPOWERFULNooneissupposedtohitmammothhomerunsoffofpitchesthatcrosshomeplateneartheiranklesButVladimirGuerrerohasneverseenapitchhecouldnothitalongwayWithMontreal,hewasamongtheNL’sbestallaroundplayers,combiningapowerfulbatwithacannonforarightarmFewbaserunnerswilltakeachanceonanextrabaseonGuerrerofromrightfieldIn,GuerrerojoinedtheAnaheimAngelsandquicklybecameanALstarhewasamongleagueleadersinhomerunsandRBIROLLON,RIPKENBaltimore’sCalRipken,Jr,wasathrowbackheroInheplayedinhis,stconsecutivegame,breakingLouGehrig’srecordThisscorecardisfromthefinalgameinRipken’sstreak,whichendedonSeptember,,at,gamesRipkencontinuedtoplaybutnoteverydayIn,hestartedhisseventeenthstraightAllStarGameHeretiredinBARRYBASHESFORTHEBOOKSFiftyyears

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