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首页 傅立叶变换英文教材.pdf

傅立叶变换英文教材.pdf

傅立叶变换英文教材.pdf

上传者: leeseal_seal 2013-10-23 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《傅立叶变换英文教材pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含TheScientistandEngineer'sGuidetoDigitalSignalProcessingSecondEditionBesure符等。

TheScientistandEngineer'sGuidetoDigitalSignalProcessingSecondEditionBesuretovisitthebook’swebsiteat:wwwDSPguidecomTheScientistandEngineer'sGuidetoDigitalSignalProcessingSecondEditionbyStevenWSmithCaliforniaTechnicalPublishingSanDiego,CaliforniaImportantLegalInformation:WarningandDisclaimerThisbookpresentsthefundamentalsofDigitalSignalProcessingusingexamplesfromcommonscienceandengineeringproblemsWhiletheauthorbelievesthattheconceptsanddatacontainedinthisbookareaccurateandcorrect,theyshouldnotbeusedinanyapplicationwithoutproperverificationbythepersonmakingtheapplicationExtensiveanddetailedtestingisessentialwhereincorrectfunctioningcouldresultinpersonalinjuryordamagetopropertyThematerialinthisbookisintendedsolelyasateachingaid,andisnotrepresentedtobeanappropriateorsafesolutiontoanyparticularproblemForthisreason,theauthor,publisher,anddistributorsmakenowarranties,expressorimplied,thattheconcepts,examples,data,algorithms,techniques,orprogramscontainedinthisbookarefreefromerror,conformtoanyindustrystandard,oraresuitableforanyapplicationTheauthor,publisher,anddistributorsdisclaimallliabilityandresponsibilitytoanypersonorentitywithrespecttoanylossordamagecaused,orallegedtobecaused,directlyorindirectly,bytheinformationcontainedinthisbookIfyoudonotwishtobeboundbytheabove,youmayreturnthisbooktothepublisherforafullrefundTheScientistandEngineer'sGuidetoDigitalSignalProcessingSecondEditionbyStevenWSmithcopyrightbyCaliforniaTechnicalPublishingAllrightsreservedNoportionofthisbookmaybereproducedortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicormechanical,withoutwrittenpermissionofthepublisherISBNhardcoverISBNpaperbackISBNelectronicLCCNCaliforniaTechnicalPublishingPOBoxSanDiego,CATocontacttheauthororpublisherthroughtheinternet:website:DSPguidecomemail:SmithDSPguidecomPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaFirstEdition,SecondEdition,vContentsataGlanceFOUNDATIONSChapterTheBreadthandDepthofDSPChapterStatistics,ProbabilityandNoiseChapterADCandDACChapterDSPSoftwareFUNDAMENTALSChapterLinearSystemsChapterConvolutionChapterPropertiesofConvolutionChapterTheDiscreteFourierTransformChapterApplicationsoftheDFTChapterFourierTransformPropertiesChapterFourierTransformPairsChapterTheFastFourierTransformChapterContinuousSignalProcessingDIGITALFILTERSChapterIntroductiontoDigitalFiltersChapterMovingAverageFiltersChapterWindowedSincFiltersChapterCustomFiltersChapterFFTConvolutionChapterRecursiveFiltersChapterChebyshevFiltersChapterFilterComparisonAPPLICATIONSChapterAudioProcessingChapterImageFormationandDisplayChapterLinearImageProcessingChapterSpecialImagingTechniquesChapterNeuralNetworks(andmore!)ChapterDataCompressionChapterDigitalSignalProcessorsChapterGettingStartedwithDSPsCOMPLEXTECHNIQUESChapterComplexNumbersChapterTheComplexFourierTransformChapterTheLaplaceTransformChapterThezTransformGlossaryIndexviTableofContentsFOUNDATIONSChapterTheBreadthandDepthofDSPTheRootsofDSPTelecommunicationsAudioProcessingEchoLocationImagingProcessingChapterStatistics,ProbabilityandNoiseSignalandGraphTerminologyMeanandStandardDeviationSignalvsUnderlyingProcessTheHistogram,PmfandPdfTheNormalDistributionDigitalNoiseGenerationPrecisionandAccuracyChapterADCandDACQuantizationTheSamplingTheoremDigitaltoAnalogConversionAnalogFiltersforDataConversionSelectingtheAntialiasFilterMultirateDataConversionSingleBitDataConversionChapterDSPSoftwareComputerNumbersFixedPoint(Integers)FloatingPoint(RealNumbers)NumberPrecisionExecutionSpeed:ProgramLanguageExecutionSpeed:HardwareExecutionSpeed:ProgrammingTipsviiFUNDAMENTALSChapterLinearSystemsSignalsandSystemsRequirementsforLinearityStaticLinearityandSinusoidalFidelityExamplesofLinearandNonlinearSystemsSpecialPropertiesofLinearitySuperposition:theFoundationofDSPCommonDecompositionsAlternativestoLinearityChapterConvolutionTheDeltaFunctionandImpulseResponseConvolutionTheInputSideAlgorithmTheOutputSideAlgorithmTheSumofWeightedInputsChapterPropertiesofConvolutionCommonImpulseResponsesMathematicalPropertiesCorrelationSpeedChapterTheDiscreteFourierTransformTheFamilyofFourierTransformsNotationandFormatoftherealDFTTheFrequencyDomain'sIndependentVariableDFTBasisFunctionsSynthesis,CalculatingtheInverseDFTAnalysis,CalculatingtheDFTDualityPolarNotationPolarNuisancesChapterApplicationsoftheDFTSpectralAnalysisofSignalsFrequencyResponseofSystemsConvolutionviatheFrequencyDomainChapterFourierTransformPropertiesLinearityoftheFourierTransformCharacteristicsofthePhasePeriodicNatureoftheDFTCompressionandExpansion,MultiratemethodsviiiMultiplyingSignals(AmplitudeModulation)TheDiscreteTimeFourierTransformParseval'sRelationChapterFourierTransformPairsDeltaFunctionPairsTheSincFunctionOtherTransformPairsGibbsEffectHarmonicsChirpSignalsChapterTheFastFourierTransformRealDFTUsingtheComplexDFTHowtheFFTWorksFFTProgramsSpeedandPrecisionComparisonsFurtherSpeedIncreasesChapterContinuousSignalProcessingTheDeltaFunctionConvolutionTheFourierTransformTheFourierSeriesDIGITALFILTERSChapterIntroductiontoDigitalFiltersFilterBasicsHowInformationisRepresentedinSignalsTimeDomainParametersFrequencyDomainParametersHighPass,BandPassandBandRejectFiltersFilterClassificationChapterMovingAverageFiltersImplementationbyConvolutionNoiseReductionvsStepResponseFrequencyResponseRelativesoftheMovingAverageFilterRecursiveImplementationChapterWindowedSincFiltersStrategyoftheWindowedSincDesigningtheFilterExamplesofWindowedSincFiltersPushingittotheLimitixChapterCustomFiltersArbitraryFrequencyResponseDeconvolutionOptimalFiltersChapterFFTConvolutionTheOverlapAddMethodFFTConvolutionSpeedImprovementsChapterRecursiveFiltersTheRecursiveMethodSinglePoleRecursiveFiltersNarrowbandFiltersPhaseResponseUsingIntegersChapterChebyshevFiltersTheChebyshevandButterworthResponsesDesigningtheFilterStepResponseOvershootStabilityChapterFilterComparisonMatch#:AnalogvsDigitalFiltersMatch#:WindowedSincvsChebyshevMatch#:MovingAveragevsSinglePoleAPPLICATIONSChapterAudioProcessingHumanHearingTimbreSoundQualityvsDataRateHighFidelityAudioCompandingSpeechSynthesisandRecognitionNonlinearAudioProcessingChapterImageFormationandDisplayDigitalImageStructureCamerasandEyesTelevisionVideoSignalsOtherImageAcquisitionandDisplayBrightnessandContrastAdjustmentsGrayscaleTransformsWarpingxChapterLinearImageProcessingConvolutionEdgeModificationConvolutionbySeparabilityExampleofaLargePSF:IlluminationFlatteningFourierImageAnalysisFFTConvolutionACloserLookatImageConvolutionChapterSpecialImagingTechniquesSpatialResolutionSampleSpacingandSamplingApertureSignaltoNoiseRatioMorphologicalImageProcessingComputedTomographyChapterNeuralNetworks(andmore!)TargetDetectionNeuralNetworkArchitectureWhyDoesitWorkTrainingtheNeuralNetworkEvaluatingtheResultsRecursiveFilterDesignChapterDataCompressionDataCompressionStrategiesRunLengthEncodingHuffmanEncodingDeltaEncodingLZWCompressionJPEG(TransformCompression)MPEGChapterDigitalSignalProcessorsHowDSPsaredifferentCircularBufferingArchitectureoftheDigitalSignalProcessorFixedversusFloatingPointCversusAssemblyHowFastareDSPsTheDigitalSignalProcessorMarketChapterGettingStartedwithDSPsTheADSPxfamilyTheSHARCEZKITLiteDesignExample:AnFIRAudioFilterAnalogMeasurementsonaDSPSystemxiAnotherLookatFixedversusFloatingPointAdvancedSoftwareToolsCOMPLEXTECHNIQUESChapterComplexNumbersTheComplexNumberSystemPolarNotationUsingComplexNumbersbySubstitutionComplexRepresentationofSinusoidsComplexRepresentationofSystemsElectricalCircuitAnalysisChapterTheComplexFourierTransformTheRealDFTMathematicalEquivalenceTheComplexDFTTheFamilyofFourierTransformsWhytheComplexFourierTransformisUsedChapterTheLaplaceTransformTheNatureofthesDomainStrategyoftheLaplaceTransformAnalysisofElectricCircuitsTheImportanceofPolesandZerosFilterDesigninthesDomainChapterThezTransformTheNatureofthezDomainAnalysisofRecursiveSystemsCascadeandParallelStagesSpectralInversionGainChangesChebyshevButterworthFilterDesignTheBestandWorstofDSPGlossaryIndexxiiPrefaceGoalsandStrategiesofthisBookThetechnicalworldischangingveryrapidlyInonlyyears,thepowerofpersonalcomputershasincreasedbyafactorofnearlyonethousandByallaccounts,itwillincreasebyanotherfactorofonethousandinthenextyearsThistremendouspowerhaschangedthewayscienceandengineeringisdone,andthereisnobetterexampleofthisthanDigitalSignalProcessingIntheearlys,DSPwastaughtasagraduatelevelcourseinelectricalengineeringAdecadelater,DSPhadbecomeastandardpartoftheundergraduatecurriculumToday,DSPisabasicskillneededbyscientistsandengineersinmanyfieldsUnfortunately,DSPeducationhasbeenslowtoadapttothischangeNearlyallDSPtextbooksarestillwritteninthetraditionalelectricalengineeringstyleofdetailedandrigorousmathematicsDSPisincrediblypowerful,butifyoucan'tunderstandit,youcan'tuseit!Thisbookwaswrittenforscientistsandengineersinawidevarietyoffields:physics,bioengineering,geology,oceanography,mechanicalandelectricalengineering,tonamejustafewThegoalistopresentpracticaltechniqueswhileavoidingthebarriersofdetailedmathematicsandabstracttheoryToachievethisgoal,threestrategieswereemployedinwritingthisbook:First,thetechniquesareexplained,notsimplyproventobetruethroughmathematicalderivationsWhilemuchofthemathematicsisincluded,itisnotusedastheprimarymeansofconveyingtheinformationNothingbeatsafewwellwrittenparagraphssupportedbygoodillustrationsSecond,complexnumbersaretreatedasanadvancedtopic,somethingtobelearnedafterthefundamentalprinciplesareunderstoodChaptersexplainallthebasictechniquesusingonlyalgebra,andinrarecases,asmallamountofelementarycalculusChaptersshowhowcomplexmathextendsthepowerofDSP,presentingtechniquesthatcannotbeimplementedwithrealnumbersaloneManywouldviewthisapproachasheresy!TraditionalDSPtextbooksarefullofcomplexmath,oftenstartingrightfromthefirstchapterxiiiThird,verysimplecomputerprogramsareusedMostDSPprogramsarewritteninC,Fortran,orasimilarlanguageHowever,learningDSPhasdifferentrequirementsthanusingDSPThestudentneedstoconcentrateonthealgorithmsandtechniques,withoutbeingdistractedbythequirksofaparticularlanguagePowerandflexibilityaren'timportantsimplicityiscriticalTheprogramsinthisbookarewrittentoteachDSPinthemoststraightforwardway,withallotherfactorsbeingtreatedassecondaryGoodprogrammingstyleisdisregardedifitmakestheprogramlogicmoreclearForinstance:‘asimplifiedversionofBASICisused‘linenumbersareincluded‘theonlycontrolstructureusedistheFORNEXTloop‘therearenoIOstatementsThisisthesimplestprogrammingstyleIcouldfindSomemaythinkthatthisbookwouldbebetteriftheprogramshadbeenwritteninCIcouldn'tdisagreemoreTheIntendedAudienceThisbookisprimarilyintendedforaoneyearcourseinpracticalDSP,withthestudentsbeingdrawnfromawidevarietyofscienceandengineeringfieldsThesuggestedprerequisitesare:‘Acourseinpracticalelectronics:(opamps,RCcircuits,etc)‘Acourseincomputerprogramming(Fortranorsimilar)‘OneyearofcalculusThisbookwasalsowrittenwiththepracticingprofessionalinmindManyeverydayDSPapplicationsarediscussed:digitalfilters,neuralnetworks,datacompression,audioandimageprocessing,etcAsmuchaspossible,thesechaptersstandontheirown,notrequiringthereadertoreviewtheentirebooktosolveaspecificproblemSupportbyAnalogDevicesTheSecondEditionofthisbookincludestwonewchaptersonDigitalSignalProcessors,microprocessorsspecificallydesignedtocarryoutDSPtasksMuchoftheinformationforthesechapterswasgenerouslyprovidedbyAnalogDevices,Inc,aworldleaderinthedevelopmentandmanufacturingofelectroniccomponentsforsignalprocessingADI'sencouragementandsupporthassignificantlyexpandedthescopeofthisbook,showingthatDSPalgorithmsareonlyusefulinconjunctionwiththeappropriatehardwarexivAcknowledgementsAspecialthankstothemanyreviewerswhoprovidedcommentsandsuggestionsonthisbookTheirgenerousdonationoftimeandskillhasmadethisabetterwork:MagnusAronsson(DepartmentofElectricalEngineering,UniversityofUtah)BruceBAzimi(USNavy)VernonLChi(DepartmentofComputerScience,UniversityofNorthCarolina)ManoharDas,PhD(DepartmentofElectricalandSystemsEngineering,OaklandUniversity)CarolADean(AnalogDevices,Inc)FredDePiero,PhD(DepartmentofElectricalEngineering,CalPolyStateUniversity)JoseFridman,PhD(AnalogDevices,Inc)FrederickKDuennebier,PhD(DepartmentofGeologyandGeophysics,UniversityofHawaii,Manoa)DLeeFugal(SpaceSignalsTechnologies)FilsonHGlanz,PhD(DepartmentofElectricalandComputerEngineering,UniversityofNewHampshire)KennethHJacker,(DepartmentofComputerScience,AppalachianStateUniversity)RajivKapadia,PhD(DepartmentofElectricalEngineering,MankatoStateUniversity)DanKing(AnalogDevices,Inc)KevinLeary(AnalogDevices,Inc)ADaleMagoun,PhD(DepartmentofComputerScience,NortheastLouisianaUniversity)BenMbugua(AnalogDevices,Inc)BernardJMaxum,PhD(DepartmentofElectricalEngineering,LamarUniversity)PaulMorgan,PhD(DepartmentofGeology,NorthernArizonaUniversity)DaleHMugler,PhD(DepartmentofMathematicalScience,UniversityofAkron)Christop

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