关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 美国名人著名演讲词选(中英文对照).doc

美国名人著名演讲词选(中英文对照).doc

美国名人著名演讲词选(中英文对照).doc

上传者: 1127753949 2013-08-09 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《美国名人著名演讲词选(中英文对照)doc》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含AbrahamLincoln()  YearsheasPresident:  Partyaffiliation:Republican  School符等。

AbrahamLincoln()  YearsheasPresident:  Partyaffiliation:Republican  Schools:Altogetherhadaboutlessthanoneyearofformaleducation  OccupationsbeforePresident:Riverboatcaptain,postmaster,lawyer  Didyouknow:IssuedtheEmancipationProclamation(独立宣言)thatdeclaredforeverfreethoseslaveswithintheConfederacyonJanuary,LedtheAmericanCivilWar(内战)fightingforthefreedomofthesalves提示一:他出生于社会低层具有勤劳、俭朴、谦虚和诚恳的品格。提示二:他那敏锐的洞察力和深厚的人道主义童识使他成为美国历史上最伟大的总统。提示三:"善于总结经验的总统赢得了历史学家们最高的评价。"亚伯拉罕林肯无疑是这方面的佼佼者。  葛底斯堡战役是美国内战最艰苦卓绝的战役该役最后以南军被迫撤退北军胜利告终双方伤亡人数共达数万。这是南北战争的转折点。林肯总统年月在葛底斯堡国家公墓落成典礼发表了著名的《葛底斯堡演说》。英文TheGettysburgAddressDeliveredon                           November,                           ReadbyJeffDaniel  Fourscoreandsevenyearsago,ourfathersbroughtforthonthiscontinent,anewnation,)conceivedinLiberty,and)dedicatedtothe)propositionthatallmenarecreatedequalNowweareengagedinagreatcivilwar,testingwhetherthatnationoranynationsoconceivedandsodedicated,canlong)endureWearemetonagreatbattlefieldofthatwarWehavecometodedicatea)portionofthatfield,asafinalrestingplaceforthosewhoheregavetheirlivestothatnationmightliveItisaltogetherfittingandproperthatweshoulddothisBut,inalargersense,wecannotdedicatewecannot)consecratewecannot)hallowthisgroundThebravemen,livinganddead,whostruggledhere,haveconsecratedit,faraboveourpoorpowertoaddor)detract  Theworldwilllittlenote,norlongrememberwhatwesayhere,butitcanneverforgetwhattheydidhereItisforustheliving,rather,tobededicatedheretotheunfinishedwork,whichtheywhofoughtherehavethusfarsonoblyadvancedItisratherforustobeherededicatedtothegreattaskremainingbeforeusthatfromthesehonoreddeadwetakeincreaseddevotiontothatcauseforwhichtheygavethelastfullmeasureofdevotionthatweherehighlyresolvethatthesedeadshallnothavediedinvainthatthisnation,underod,shallhaveanewbirthoffreedomandthatgovernmentofthepeople,bythepeople,forthepeople,shallnot)perishfromtheearth 中文葛底斯堡演说                           发表于年月日  年前我们的先辈们在这个大陆上创立了一个新国家它孕育于自由之中奉行一切人生来平等的原则。现在我们正在进行一场伟大的内战以考验这个国家或者任何一个孕育于自由和奉行上述原则的国家是否能够长久存在下去。我们在这场战争中的一个伟大战场上集会。烈士们为使这个国家能够生存下去而献出了自己的生命我们来到这里是要把这个战场的一部分奉献给他们作为最后安息之所。我们这样做是完全应该而且是非常恰当的。  但是从更广泛的意义上来说对这块土地我们不能够奉献不能够圣化不能够神化。那些曾在这里战斗过的勇士们活着的和去世的已经把这块土地圣化了这远不是我们微薄的力量所能增减的。  我们今天在这里所说的话全世界不大会注意也不会长久地记住但勇士们在这里所做过的事全世界却永远不会忘记。毋宁说倒是我们这些还活着的人应该在这里把自己奉献于勇士们曾在这为之奋斗、努力推进、但尚未完成的事业倒是我们应该在这里把自己奉献于仍然留在我们面前的伟大任务我们要从这些光荣的死者身上汲取更多的献身精神来完成他们已经完全彻底为之献身的事业我们要在这里下定最大的决心不让这些烈士的鲜血自流我们要使国家在上帝福佑下得到自由的新生要使这个民有、民治、民享的政府永世长存。解释)conceiveV构思怀孕)dedicateto献身于)propositionn主张建议)endure,耐久忍耐)portionn,一部分)consecratev献给)hallowv使神圣)detractv转移)perishv毁灭简评:"Fourscoreandsevenyearsago"远比"eightysevenyearsago"来得更有份量更加凝重。"score"与"ago"在音韵上也更耐琢磨。"dedicateconsecratehallow"三个动词的连续恰当的选用:排比的句式一气呵成:接连两个"itisforus"把强调的对象转移到现在活着的人。全文的最后一个长句包含着四个由"that"引导同位语从句具体说明了"thegreattaskremainingbeforeus''的是什么。FranklinDRoosevelt      富兰克林罗斯福演讲者简介:罗斯福在年成为总统当时美国正陷于世界性的经济危机之中。罗斯福以他的能力为人民创造就业机会并带去援助。罗斯福的许多施政观点至今仍是美国治国方针的一部分。    PresidentHoover,MisterChiefJustice,myfriends:Thisisadayofnationalconsecration,andIamcertainthatonthisday,myfellowAmericansexpectthatonmyinductioninthePresidencyIwilladdressthemwithacandorandadecisionwhichthepresentsituationofourpeopleimpelsThisispreeminentlythetimetospeakthetruth,thewholetruth,franklyandboldlyNorneedweshrinkfromhonestlyfacingtheconditionsfacingourcountrytodayThisgreatnationwillendureasithasendured,willreviveandwillprosperSofirstofall,letmeexpressmyfirmbeliefthattheonlythingwehavetofearisfearitselfnameless,unreasoning,unjustifiedterror,whichparalyzesneededeffortstoconvertretreatintoadvanceIneverydarkhourofournationallife,aleadershipoffranknessandvigorhasmetwiththatunderstandingandsupportofthepeoplethemselves,whichisessentialtovictoryAndIamconvincedthatyouwillagaingivethatsupporttoleadershipinthesecriticaldaysInsuchaspiritonmypartandonyours,wefaceourcommondifficultiesTheyconcern,thankGod,onlymaterialthingsValueshaveshrunkentofantasticlevelstaxeshaverisen,ourabilitytopayhasfallengovernmentofallkindsisfacedbyseriouscurtailmentofincomethemeansofexchangearefrozeninthecurrentsoftradethewitheredleavesofindustrialenterpriselieoneverysidefarmersfindnomarketsfortheirproduce,andthesavingsofmanyyearsandthousandsoffamiliesaregoneMoreimportant,ahostofunemployedcitizensfacethegrimproblemofexistence,andanequalandgreatnumbertoilwithlittlereturnOnlyafoolishoptimistcandenythedarkrealitiesofthemomentAndyet,ourdistresscomesfromnofailureofsubstance,wearestrickenbynoplagueoflocustsComparedwiththeperilswhichourforefathersconquered,becausetheybelievedandwerenotafraid,wehavesomuchtobethankfulforNaturesurroundsuswithherbounty,andhumaneffortshavemultiplieditPlentyisatourdoorstep,butageneroususeofitlanguishesintheverysightofthesupplyPrimarily,thisisbecausetherulersoftheexchangeofmankind’sgoodshavefailed,throughtheirownstubbornnessandtheirownincompetence,haveadmittedtheirfailureandhaveabdicatedPracticesoftheunscrupulousmoneychangersstandindictedinthecourtofpublicopinion,rejectedbytheheartsandmindsofmenTrue,theyhavetried,buttheireffortshavebeencastinthepattenofanoutworntraditionFacedbyafailureofcredit,theyhaveproposedonlythelendingofmoremoneyStrippedofthelureofprofitbywhichtheyinduceourpeopletofollowtheirfalseleadership,theyhaveresortedtoexhortation,pleadingtearfullyforrestoredconfidenceTheyonlyknowtherulesofagenerationofselfseekersTheyhavenovision,andwhenthereisnovision,thepeopleperishYes,themoneychangershavefledfromtheirhighseatsinthetempleofourcivilizationWemaynowrestorethattempletotheancienttruthsAmeasureofthatrestorationliesintheextenttowhichweapplysocialvalue,morenoblethanmeremonetaryprofitsHappinessliesnotinthemerepossessionofmoney,itliesinthejoyofachievement,inthethrillofcreativeefforts,thejoyandmoralstimulationofworknolongermustbeforgotteninthemadchaseofevanescentprofitsThesedarkdays,myfriends,willbeworthalltheycostus,iftheyteachusthatourtruedestinyisnottobeministeredonto,buttoministertoourselves,toourfellowmenRecognitionofthefalsityofmaterialwealthasthestandardofsuccessgoeshandinhandwiththeabandonmentofafalsebeliefthatpublicofficeandhighpoliticalpositionaretobevaluedonlybythestandardsofprideofplaceandpersonalprofits,andtheremustbeanendtoourconductinbankingandinbusiness,whichtoooftenhasgiventoasacredtrustthelikenessofcallousandselfishwrongdoingSmallwonderthatconfidencelanguishes,foritthrivesonlyonhonesty,onhonor,onthesacrednessofourobligation,onfaithfulprotectionandonunselfishperformanceWithoutthemitcannotliveRestorationcalls,however,notforchangesinethicsaloneThisnationisaskingforaction,andactionnowOurgreatestprimarytaskistoputpeopletoworkThisisnounsolvableproblemifwetakeitwiselyandcourageouslyItcanbeaccomplishedinpartbydirectrecruitingbythegovernmentitself,treatingthetaskaswewouldtreattheemergencyofawar,butatthesametime,throughthisemployment,accomplishinggreatlyneededprojectstostimulateandreorganizetheuseofourgreatnaturalresourcesHandinhandwiththat,wemustfranklyrecognizetheoverbalanceofpopulationinourindustrialcentersandbyengagingonanationalscaleinaredistributioninanefforttoprovidebetteruseofthelandforthosebestfittedforthelandYesthetaskcanbehelpedbydefiniteeffortstoraisethevalueoftheagriculturalproductandwiththisthepowertopurchasetheoutputofourcitiesItcanbehelpedbypreventingrealistically,thetragedyofthegrowinglossesthroughforeclosuresofoursmallhomesandourfarmsItcanbehelpedbyinsistencethatthefederal,thestate,andthelocalgovernmentactforthwithonthedemandsthattheircostsbedrasticallyreduceItcanbehelpedbytheunifyingofreliefactivitieswhichtodayareoftenscattered,uneconomical,unequalItcanbehelpedbynationalplanningfor,andsupervisionofallformsoftransportation,andofcommunications,andotherutilitiesthathaveadefinitelypubliccharacterTherearemanywaysinwhichitcanbehelped,butitcanneverbehelpedbymerelytalkingaboutitWemustact,wemustactquicklyAndfinally,inourprogresstowardaresumptionofwork,werequiretwosafeguardsagainstthereturnoftheevilsoftheoldordertheremustbeastrictsupervisionofallbankingandcreditsandinvestmentstheremustbeanendtospeculationwithotherpeople’smoneyandtheremustbeprovisionsforanadequatebutsoundcurrencyThese,myfriends,arethelinesofattackIshallpresentlyurgeuponanewCongressinspecialsession,detailedmeasuresfortheirfulfillment,andIshallseektheimmediateassistanceofthestatesThroughthisprogramofaction,weaddressourselvestoputtingourownnationalhouseinorder,andmakingincomebalanceolowOurinternationaltraderelations,thoughvastlyimportant,areinpointoftimeandnecessitysecondarytotheestablishmentofasoundnationaleconomyIfavorasapracticalpolicytheputtingoffirstthingsfirstIshallsparenoefforttorestoreworldtradebyinternationaleconomicreadjustment,buttheemergencyathomecannotwaitonthataccomplishmentThebasicthoughtthatguidesthesespecificmeansofnationalrecoveryisnotnarrowlynationalisticItistheinsistence,asafirstconsiderationupontheinterdependenceofthevariouselementsinallpartsoftheUnitedStatesofAmerica–arecognitionoftheoldandthepermanentlyimportantmanifestationoftheAmericanspiritofthepioneerItisthewaytorecovery,itistheimmediateway,itisthestrongestassurancethatrecoverywillendureInthefieldofworldpolicy,IwoulddedicatethisnationtothepolicyofthegoodneighborTheneighborwhoresolutelyrespectshimself,andbecausehedoesso,respectstherightsofothersTheneighborwhorespectshisobligation,andrespectsthesanctityofhisagreement,inandwith,aworldofneighborIfIreadthetemperofourpeoplecorrectly,wenowrealizewhatwehaveneverrealizedbefore,ourinterdependenceoneachother,thatwecannotmerelytake,butwemustgiveaswellThatifwearetogoforward,wemustmoveasatrainedandloyalarmy,willingtosacrificeforthegoodofacommondiscipline,becausewithoutsuchdiscipline,noprogresscanbemade,noleadershipbecomeseffectiveWeareallreadyandwillingtosubmitourlivesandourpropertytosuchdisciplinebecauseitmakespossiblealeadershipwhichaimsatthelargergoodThis,Iproposetooffer,wearegoingtolargerpurposes,binduponus,binduponusall,asasacredobligationwithaunityofduty,hithertoevokedonlyintimesofarmedstrifeWiththispledgetaken,Iassumeunhesitatingly,theleadershipofthisgreatarmyofourpeoplededicatedtoadisciplinedattackuponourcommonproblemsActioninthisimage,actiontothisend,isfeasibleundertheformofgovernmentwhichwehaveinheritedfrommyancestorsOurconstitutionissosimple,sopractical,thatitispossiblealways,tomeetextraordinaryneeds,bychangesinemphasisandarrangementswithoutlossofacentralform,thatiswhyourconstitutionalsystemhasproveditselfthemostsuperblyenduringpoliticalmechanismthemodernworldhaseverseenIthasmeteverystressofvastexpansionofterritory,offoreignwars,ofbitterinternalstrife,ofworldrelationsAnditistobehopedthatthenormalbalanceofexecutiveandlegislativeauthoritywillbefullyequal,fullyadequatetomeettheunprecedentedtaskbeforeusButitmaybethatanunprecedenteddemandandneedforundelayactionmaycallfortemporarydeparturefromthatnormalbalanceofpublicprocedureWefacethearduousdaysthatliebeforeusinthewarmcourageofnationalunity,intheclearestconsciousnessofseekingallandpreciousmoralvalues,withthecleansatisfactionthatcomesfromthesternperformanceofdutybyoldandyoungalike,weaimattheassuranceofarounded,apermanentnationallifeWedonotdistrustthefutureofessentialdemocracyThepeopleoftheUnitedStateshavenotfailedIntheirneed,theyhaveregisteredamandatethattheywantdirect,vigorousactionTheyhaveaskedfordiscipline,anddirectionunderleadership,theyhavemademethepresentinstrumentoftheirwishesInthespiritofthegift,ItakeitInthisdedication,inthisdedicationofanation,wehumblyasktheblessingsofGod,mayHeprotecteachandeveryoneofus,mayHeguidemeinthedaystocome肯尼迪就职演讲(约翰肯尼迪)演讲者简介:约翰肯尼迪是一位战争英雄普利策奖获得者五十年代大部分时间时的参议员。年月年仅岁的他成为美国历史上由选举产生的最年轻的总统。年月日他在德克萨斯州的达拉斯遇刺身亡是美国历史上第四位死于暗杀者的子弹的总统。    Weobservetodaynotavictoryofparty,butacelebrationoffreedomSymbolizinganend,aswellasabeginning,signifyingrenewal,aswellaschangeForIhaveswornbeforeyou,andalmightyGod,thesamesolemnoathourforbearsprescribednearlyacenturyandthreequartersagoTheworldisverydifferentnow,formanholdsinhismortalhandsthepowertoabolishallformsofhumanpoverty,andallformsofhumanlifeAndyet,thesamerevolutionarybeliefsforwhichourforbearsfoughtarestillatissuearoundtheglobeThebeliefthattherightsofmancomenotfromthegenerosityofthestate,butfromthehandofGodWedarenoforgettodaythatwearetheheirsofthatfirstrevolutionLetthewordgoforth,fromthistimeandplace,tofriendandfoealike,thatthetorchhasbeenpassedtoanewgenerationofAmericans,borninthiscentury,temperedbywar,disciplinedbyahardandbitterpeace,proudofourancientheritageandunwillingtowitness,orpermit,theslowundoingofthosehumanrightstowhichthisnationhasalwaysbeencommitted,andtowhichwearecommittedtoday,athomeandaroundtheworldLeteverynationknow,whetheritwishesuswellorill,thatweshallpayanyprice,bearanyburden,meetandhardship,supportanyfriend,opposeandfoe,toassurethesurvivalandsuccessoflibertyThismuchwepledgeandmoreTothoseoldallies,whoseculturalandspiritualoriginsweshare,wepledgetheloyaltyoffaithfulfriendsUnitedthereislittlewecannotdo,inahostofcooperativeventuresDividedthereislittlewecandoForwedarenotmeetapowerfulchallengeatoddsandsplitusasunderTothosenewstateswhomwewelcometotheranksofthefree,wepledgeourwordsthatoneformofcolonialcontrolshallnothavepassedawaymerelytobereplacedbyafarmoreirontyrannyWeshallnotalwaysexpecttofindthemsupportingourview,butweshallalwayshopetofindthemstronglysupportingtheirownfreedom,andtorememberthatinthepast,thosewhofoolishlysoughtpowerbyridingthebackofthetigerendedupinsideTothosepeopleinthehutsandvillagesofhalftheglobe,strugglingtobreakthebondsofmassmisery,wepledgeourbesteffortstohelpthemhelpthemselves,forwhateverperiodisrequired,notbecausetheCommunistsmaybedoingit,notbecauseweseektheirvotes,butbecauseitisrightIfafreesocietycannothelpthemanywhoarepoor,itcannotsavethefewwhoarerichTooursisterrepublicssouthofourborder,weofferaspecialpledge,toconvertourgoodwordsintogooddeeds,inanewallianceforprogresstoassistfreemenandfreegovernmentsincastingoffthechainsofpovertyButthispeacefulrevolutionofhopecannotbecomethepreyofhostilepowersLetallourneighborsknowthatweshalljoinwiththemtoopposeaggressionorsubversionanywhereintheAmericasAndleteveryotherpowerknowthatthishemisphereintendstoremainthemasterofitsownhouseTothatworldassemblyofsovereignstates,theUnitedNations,ourlastandbesthopeinanagewheretheinstrumentsofwarhavefaroutpacedtheinstrumentsofpeace,werenewourpledgeofsupporttopreventitfrombecomingmerelyaformforinvective,tostrengthenitsshieldofthenewandtheweak,andtoenlargetheareainwhichit’swrittenandrunFinally,tothosenationswhowouldmakethemselvesouradversary,weoffernotapledge,butarequest,thatbothsidesbeginanewquestforpeace,beforethedarkpowersofdestructionunleashedbyscienceengulfallhumanityinplannedoraccidentalselfdestructionWedarenottemptthemwithweakness,foronlywhenourarmsaresufficientbeyonddoubt,canwebecertainbeyonddoubt,thattheywillneverbeemployedButneithercantwogreatandpowerfulgroupsofnationtakecomfortfromourpresentcourse,bothsidesoverburdenedbythecostofmodernweapons,bothrightlyalarmedbythesteadyspreadofthedeadlyatom,andyetbothracingtoalterthatuncertainbalanceofterrorthatstaysthehandofmankind’sfinalwarSoletusbeginanew,rememberingonbothsidesthatstabilityisnotasignofweakness,andsincerityisalwayssubjecttoproofLetusnevernegotiateoutoffear,butletusneverfeartonegotiateLetbothsidesexplorewhatproblemsuniteus,insteadofbelaboringthoseproblemswhichdivideusLetbothsides,forthefirsttime,formulateseriousandpreciseproposals,fortheinspectionandcontrolofarms,andbringtheabsolutepowertodestroyothernationsundertheabsolutecontrolofallnationsLetbothsidesseektoinvokethewondersofscienceinsteadofitsterrorsTogether,letusexplorethestars,conquerthedeserts,eradicatedisease,taptheoceandepths,andencouragetheartsandcommerceLetbothsidesunitetoheed,inallcornersoftheearth,thecommandofIsaiah,toundotheheavyburdensandlettheoppressedgofreeAnd,ifabeachheadofcooperationmaypushbackthejungleofsuspicion,letbothsidesjoinincreatinganewendeavornotanewbalanceofpower,butanewworldoflaw,wherethestrongarejust,andtheweaksecured,andthepeacepreservedAllthiswillnotbefinishedinthefirstonehundreddays,norwillitbefinishedinthefirstonethousanddays,norinthelifeofthisadministration,norevenperhapsinourlifetimeonthisplanetButletusbeginInyourhands,myfellowcitizens,morethanmine,willrestthefinalsuccessorfailureofourcauseSincethiscountrywasfounded,eachgenerationofAmericanshasbeensummonedtogivetestimonytoitsnationalloyaltyThegravesofyoungAmericans,whoansweredthecalltoservice,surroundtheglobeNowthetrumpetsummonsusagain,notasacalltobeararms,thougharmsweneed,notasacalltobattle,thoughinbattleweare,butacalltobeartheburdenofalong,twilightstruggle,yearinandyearout,

职业精品

用户评论

0/200
    暂无评论

精彩专题

上传我的资料

热门资料

资料评价:

/42
1下载券 下载 加入VIP, 送下载券

意见
反馈

返回
顶部