首页 曼昆%202009%20经济学原理(英)第五版宏观经济分册%20简明宏观经济学%20高清晰版.…

曼昆%202009%20经济学原理(英)第五版宏观经济分册%20简明宏观经济学%20高清晰版.pdf

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简介:本文档为《曼昆%202009%20经济学原理(英)第五版宏观经济分册%20简明宏观经济学%20高清晰版pdf》,可适用于经济金融领域,主题内容包含THEMACROECONOMICSOFOPENECONOMIESOpenEconomyMacroeconomics:BasicConceptsAMa符等。

THEMACROECONOMICSOFOPENECONOMIESOpenEconomyMacroeconomics:BasicConceptsAMacroeconomicTheoryoftheOpenEconomyAnation’seconomicinteractionswithothernationsaredescribedbyitstradebalance,netforeigninvestment,andexchangerateAlongrunmodeloftheopeneconomyexplainsthedeterminantsofthetradebalance,therealexchangerate,andotherrealvariablesFINALTHOUGHTSFiveDebatesoverMacroeconomicPolicyAcapstonechapterpresentsbothsidesoffivemajordebatesovereconomicpolicySHORTRUNECONOMICFLUCTUATIONSAggregateDemandandAggregateSupplyTheInfluenceofMonetaryandFiscalPolicyonAggregateDemandTheShortRunTradeoffbetweenInflationandUnemploymentThemodelofaggregatedemandandaggregatesupplyexplainsshortruneconomicfluctuations,theshortruneffectsofmonetaryandfiscalpolicy,andtheshortrunlinkagebetweenrealandnominalvariablesMONEYANDPRICESINTHELONGRUNTheMonetarySystemMoneyGrowthandInflationThemonetarysystemiscrucialindeterminingthelongrunbehaviorofthepricelevel,theinflationrate,andothernominalvariablesfmpixxivinddifmpixxivinddi::PM::PMCopyrightCengageLearning,IncAllRightsReservedMaynotbecopied,scanned,orduplicated,inwholeorinpartfmpixxivinddiifmpixxivinddii::PM::PMCopyrightCengageLearning,IncAllRightsReservedMaynotbecopied,scanned,orduplicated,inwholeorinpartNGREGORYMANKIWHARVARDUNIVERSITYAustralia•Brazil•Japan•Korea•Mexico•Singapore•Spain•UnitedKingdom•UnitedStatesMacroeconomicsBRIEFPRINCIPLESOFFIFTHEDITIONfmpixxivinddiiifmpixxivinddiii::PM::PMCopyrightCengageLearning,IncAllRightsReservedMaynotbecopied,scanned,orduplicated,inwholeorinpart,SouthWestern,apartofCengageLearningALLRIGHTSRESERVEDNopartofthisworkcoveredbythecopyrighthereonmaybereproducedorusedinanyformorbyanymeansgraphic,electronic,ormechanical,includingphotocopying,recording,taping,Webdistribution,informationstorageandretrievalsystems,orinanyothermannerexceptasmaybepermittedbythelicensetermshereinExamViewisaregisteredtrademarkofeInstructionCorpWindowsisaregisteredtrademarkoftheMicrosoftCorporationusedhereinunderlicenseMacintoshandPowerMacintoshareregisteredtrademarksofAppleComputer,IncusedhereinunderlicenseCengageLearningAllRightsReservedCengageLearningWebTutorTMisatrademarkofCengageLearningLibraryofCongressControlNumber:ISBN:ISBN:Instructor’sEditionISBN:Instructor’sEditionISBN:SouthWesternCengageLearningNatorpBoulevardMason,OHUSACengageLearningproductsarerepresentedinCanadabyNelsonEducation,LtdForyourcourseandlearningsolutions,visitacademiccengagecomPurchaseanyofourproductsatyourlocalcollegestoreoratourpreferredonlinestorewwwichapterscomBriefPrinciplesofMacroeconomics,eNGregoryMankiwVicePresidentofEditorial,Business:JackWCalhounVicePresidentEditorinChief:AlexvonRosenbergExecutiveEditor:MikeWorlsDevelopmentalEditor:JaneTuftsContributingEditors:JenniferEThomasandKatieYanosExecutiveMarketingManager:BrianJoynerMarketingCoordinator:SuellenRuttkaySeniorContentProjectManager:ColleenAFarmerMarketingCommunicationsManager:SarahGreberManagerofTechnology,Editorial:PamWallaceMediaEditor:DeepakKumarSeniorFrontlistBuyer,Manufacturing:SandeeMilewskiProductionService:LachinaPublishingServicesSeniorArtDirector:MichelleKunklerInternalandCoverDesigner:RedHangarDesign,LLCInternalPaintings:MichaelSteirnagleMunroCampagnaArtisticRepresentativesCoverPainting:FineArtPhotographicLibraryCORBISPhotographyManager:DeannaEttingerPhotoResearcher:CharlotteGoldmanForproductinformationandtechnologyassistance,contactusatCengageLearningCustomerSalesSupport,Forpermissiontousematerialfromthistextorproduct,submitallrequestsonlineatwwwcengagecompermissionsFurtherpermissionsquestionscanbeemailedtopermissionrequestcengagecomPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericafmpixxivinddivfmpixxivinddiv::PM::PMCopyrightCengageLearning,IncAllRightsReservedMaynotbecopied,scanned,orduplicated,inwholeorinpartToCatherine,Nicholas,andPeter,myothercontributionstothenextgenerationfmpixxivinddvfmpixxivinddv::PM::PMCopyrightCengageLearning,IncAllRightsReservedMaynotbecopied,scanned,orduplicated,inwholeorinpartviAbouttheAuthorNGregoryMankiwisprofessorofeconomicsatHarvardUniversityAsastudent,hestudiedeconomicsatPrincetonUniversityandMITAsateacher,hehastaughtmacroeconomics,microeconomics,statistics,andprinciplesofeconomicsHeevenspentonesummerlongagoasasailinginstructoronLongBeachIslandProfessorMankiwisaprolificwriterandaregularparticipantinacademicandpolicydebatesHisworkhasbeenpublishedinscholarlyjournals,suchastheAmericanEconomicReview,JournalofPoliticalEconomy,andQuarterlyJournalofEconomics,andinmorepopularforums,suchasTheNewYorkTimesandTheWallStreetJournalHeisalsoauthorofthebestsellingintermediateleveltextbookMacroeconomics(WorthPublishers)Inadditiontohisteaching,research,andwriting,ProfessorMankiwhasbeenaresearchassociateoftheNationalBureauofEconomicResearch,anadvisertotheFederalReserveBankofBostonandtheCongressionalBudgetOffice,andamemberoftheETStestdevelopmentcommitteefortheAdvancedPlacementexamineconomicsFromto,heservedaschairmanofthePresident’sCouncilofEconomicAdvisersProfessorMankiwlivesinWellesley,Massachusetts,withhiswife,Deborah,threechildren,Catherine,Nicholas,andPeter,andtheirborderterrier,Tobinfmpixxivinddvifmpixxivinddvi::PM::PMCopyrightCengageLearning,IncAllRightsReservedMaynotbecopied,scanned,orduplicated,inwholeorinpartPARTIINTRODUCTIONCHAPTERTenPrinciplesofEconomicsCHAPTERThinkingLikeanEconomistCHAPTERInterdependenceandtheGainsfromTradePARTIIHOWMARKETSWORKCHAPTERTheMarketForcesofSupplyandDemandPARTIIITHEDATAOFMACROECONOMICSCHAPTERMeasuringaNation’sIncomeCHAPTERMeasuringtheCostofLivingPARTIVTHEREALECONOMYINTHELONGRUNCHAPTERProductionandGrowthCHAPTERSaving,Investment,andtheFinancialSystemCHAPTERTheBasicToolsofFinanceCHAPTERUnemploymentPARTVMONEYANDPRICESINTHELONGRUNCHAPTERTheMonetarySystemCHAPTERMoneyGrowthandInflationPARTVITHEMACROECONOMICSOFOPENECONOMIESCHAPTEROpenEconomyMacroeconomics:BasicConceptsCHAPTERAMacroeconomicTheoryoftheOpenEconomyPARTVIISHORTRUNECONOMICFLUCTUATIONSCHAPTERAggregateDemandandAggregateSupplyCHAPTERTheInfluenceofMonetaryandFiscalPolicyonAggregateDemandCHAPTERTheShortRunTradeoffbetweenInflationandUnemploymentPARTVIIIFINALTHOUGHTSCHAPTERFiveDebatesoverMacroeconomicPolicyBriefContentsviifmpixxivinddviifmpixxivinddvii::PM::PMCopyrightCengageLearning,IncAllRightsReservedMaynotbecopied,scanned,orduplicated,inwholeorinpartfmpixxivinddviiifmpixxivinddviii::PM::PMCopyrightCengageLearning,IncAllRightsReservedMaynotbecopied,scanned,orduplicated,inwholeorinpartixPreface:TotheStudent“Economicsisastudyofmankindintheordinarybusinessoflife”SowroteAlfredMarshall,thegreatthcenturyeconomist,inhistextbook,PrinciplesofEconomicsAlthoughwehavelearnedmuchabouttheeconomysinceMarshall’stime,thisdefinitionofeconomicsisastruetodayasitwasin,whenthefirsteditionofhistextwaspublishedWhyshouldyou,asastudentatthebeginningofthestcentury,embarkonthestudyofeconomicsTherearethreereasonsThefirstreasontostudyeconomicsisthatitwillhelpyouunderstandtheworldinwhichyouliveTherearemanyquestionsabouttheeconomythatmightsparkyourcuriosityWhyareapartmentssohardtofindinNewYorkCityWhydoairlineschargelessforaroundtripticketifthetravelerstaysoveraSaturdaynightWhyisJohnnyDepppaidsomuchtostarinmoviesWhyarelivingstandardssomeagerinmanyAfricancountriesWhydosomecountrieshavehighratesofinflationwhileothershavestablepricesWhyarejobseasytofindinsomeyearsandhardtofindinothersThesearejustafewofthequestionsthatacourseineconomicswillhelpyouanswerThesecondreasontostudyeconomicsisthatitwillmakeyouamoreastuteparticipantintheeconomyAsyougoaboutyourlife,youmakemanyeconomicdecisionsWhileyouareastudent,youdecidehowmanyyearstostayinschoolOnceyoutakeajob,youdecidehowmuchofyourincometospend,howmuchtosave,andhowtoinvestyoursavingsSomedayyoumayfindyourselfrunningasmallbusinessoralargecorporation,andyouwilldecidewhatpricestochargeforyourproductsTheinsightsdevelopedinthecomingchapterswillgiveyouanewperspectiveonhowbesttomakethesedecisionsStudyingeconomicswillnotbyitselfmakeyourich,butitwillgiveyousometoolsthatmayhelpinthatendeavorThethirdreasontostudyeconomicsisthatitwillgiveyouabetterunderstandingofboththepotentialandthelimitsofeconomicpolicyEconomicquestionsarealwaysonthemindsofpolicymakersinmayors’offices,governors’mansions,andtheWhiteHouseWhataretheburdensassociatedwithalternativeformsoftaxationWhataretheeffectsoffreetradewithothercountriesWhatisthebestwaytoprotecttheenvironmentHowdoesagovernmentbudgetdeficitaffecttheeconomyAsavoter,youhelpchoosethepoliciesthatguidetheallocationofsociety’sresourcesAnunderstandingofeconomicswillhelpyoucarryoutthatresponsibilityAndwhoknows:PerhapssomedayyouwillendupasoneofthosepolicymakersyourselfThus,theprinciplesofeconomicscanbeappliedinmanyoflife’ssituationsWhetherthefuturefindsyoureadingthenewspaper,runningabusiness,orsittingintheOvalOffice,youwillbegladthatyoustudiedeconomicsNGregoryMankiwSeptemberfmpixxivinddixfmpixxivinddix::PM::PMCopyrightCengageLearning,IncAllRightsReservedMaynotbecopied,scanned,orduplicated,inwholeorinpartWeknowyouareoftenshortontimeButyoucanmaximizeyoureffortsandresultswhenyouExperienceMankiwFifthEdition’sengaginglearningtoolsWiththeproductsupportwebsiteandEconCentral,you’llquicklyreinforcechapterconceptsandsharpenyourskillswithinteractive,handsonapplicationsonlineIfaprintedStudyGuidebettersuitsyourneedsandstudyhabits,theMankiweStudyGuideisunsurpassedinitscarefulattentiontoaccuracy,conciselanguage,andpracticethatenhancesyourstudytimewwwcengagecomeconomicsmankiwTheMankiwproductsupportwebsiteisaneasyonlinestopHere,you’llfindaccesstofreequizzing,StudentNotePrompthandoutsforthePremiumPowerPointyourinstructormayuse,andotherresourcesHelpingyouachieveyourpersonalbest,theMankiwStudyGuideisbasedcompletelyontheFifthEdition,coveringchaptermaterialcomprehensivelyandaccuratelyVeryhandson,eachchapterthoroughlycoversthematerialinthecorrespondingchapterofMankiwEverykeywordandconceptisaddressedwithintheStudyGuidechaptermeaningyou’llfeelconfidentthatifyoucandothestudyguide,youwillunderstandallofthematerialinthatchapterofMankiwThe“types”ofquestionsusedintheStudyGuidereflectwhatyoufindmostusefulwhenstudyingOurstudentsurveysshowthatstudentslikeyoufeltthatfillintheblankquestions,matchingquestions,andquestionswithoutspecificsingleanswerswereaninefficientuseoftheirtimeandtheMankiwStudyGuideavoidsthesekindsofquestionsToorderthestudyguide,visitwwwichapterscomMankiweExperienceItProductSupportWebsiteStudyGuidefmpixxivinddxfmpixxivinddx::PM::PMCopyrightCengageLearning,IncAllRightsReservedMaynotbecopied,scanned,orduplicated,inwholeorinpartMultipleresourcesforlearningandreinforcingprinciplesconceptsarenowavailableinoneplace!EconCentralisyouronestopshopforthelearningtoolsandactivitiestohelpyousucceedAtaminimalextracost,EconCentralequipsyouwithaportaltoawealthofresourcesthathelpyoubothstudyandapplyeconomicconceptsAsyoureadandstudythechapters,youcanaccessvideotutorialswithGregMankiwAnswersKeyQuestions,PrinciplesVideos,andAsktheInstructorVideosYoucanreviewwithFlashCardsandtheGraphingWorkshop,checkyourunderstandingofthechapterwithinteractivequizzing,andprintStudentNotePrompthandoutsforthePremiumPowerPointtomakenotetakinginclassmuchmoreefficientReadytoapplychapterconceptstotherealworldEconCentralgivesyouABCNewsvideos,EconNewsarticles,Economicdebates,LinkstoEconomicData,andmoreAllthestudyandapplicationresourcesinEconCentralareorganizedbychaptertohelpyougetthemostfromtheMankiwtextandfromyourclassesVisitwwwcengagecomeconomicsmankiweeconcentraltoseethestudyoptionsavailable!SelfStudySolutionsEconCentralfmpixxivinddxifmpixxivinddxi::PM::PMCopyrightCengageLearning,IncAllRightsReservedMaynotbecopied,scanned,orduplicated,inwholeorinpartInwritingthisbook,IbenefitedfromtheinputofmanytalentedpeopleIndeed,thelistofpeoplewhohavecontributedtothisprojectissolong,andtheircontributionssovaluable,thatitseemsaninjusticethatonlyasinglenameappearsonthecoverLetmebeginwithmycolleaguesintheeconomicsprofessionThefoureditionsofthistextanditssupplementalmaterialshavebenefitedenormouslyfromtheirinputInreviewsandsurveys,theyhaveofferedsuggestions,identifiedchallenges,andsharedideasfromtheirownclassroomexperienceIamindebtedtothemfortheperspectivestheyhavebroughttothetextUnfortunately,thelisthasbecometoolongtothankthosewhocontributedtopreviouseditions,eventhoughstudentsreadingthecurrenteditionarestillbenefitingfromtheirinsightsMostimportantinthisprocesshavebeenRonCronovich(CarthageCollege)andDavidHakes(UniversityofNorthernIowa)RonandDavid,bothdedicatedteachers,haveservedasreliablesoundingboardsforideasandhardworkingpartnerswithmeinputtingtogetherthesuperbpackageofsupplementsForthisnewedition,thefollowingdiaryreviewersrecordedtheirdaytodayexperienceoverthecourseofasemester,offeringdetailedsuggestionsabouthowtoimprovethetextJohnCrooker,UniversityofCentralMissouriRachelFriedberg,BrownUniversityGregHunter,CaliforniaStateUniversity,Polytechnic,PomonaLillianKamal,NorthwesternUniversityFrancisKemegue,BryantUniversityDouglasMiller,UniversityofMissouriBabuNahata,UniversityofLouisvilleEdwardSkelton,SouthernMethodistUniversityThefollowingreviewersofthefourtheditionprovidedsuggestionsforrefiningthecontent,organization,andapproachinthefifthSyedAhmed,CameronUniversityFarhadAmeen,StateUniversityofNewYork,WestchesterCommunityCollegeMohammadBajwa,NorthamptonCommunityCollegeCarlBauer,OaktonCommunityCollegeRobertaBiby,GrandValleyStateUniversityStephenBillings,UniversityofColoradoatBoulderBruceBrown,CaliforniaStateUniversity,Polytechnic,PomonaLynnBurbridge,NorthernKentuckyUniversityMarkChester,ReadingAreaCommunityCollegeDavidChing,UniversityofHawaii,ManoaSarahCosgrove,UniversityofMassachusetts,DartmouthxiiAcknowledgmentsfmpixxivinddxiifmpixxivinddxii::PM::PMCopyrightCengageLearning,IncAllRightsReservedMaynotbecopied,scanned,orduplicated,inwholeorinpartCraigDepken,UniversityofNorthCarolina,CharlotteAngelaDzata,AlabamaStateUniversityJoseEsteban,PalomarCollegeMarkFrascatore,ClarksonUniversitySatyajitGhosh,UniversityofScrantonSomaGhosh,BridgewaterStateCollegeDanielGiedeman,GrandValleyStateUniversityRobertLHolland,PurdueUniversityAnisulIslam,UniversityofHouston,DowntownNancyJianakoplos,ColoradoStateUniversityPaulJohnson,UniversityofAlaska,AnchorageRobertJones,UniversityofMassachusetts,DartmouthLillianKamal,NorthwesternUniversityJongsungKim,BryantUniversityMarekKolar,DeltaCollegeLeonardLardaro,UniversityofRhodeIslandNazmaLatifZaman,ProvidenceCollegeWilliamMertens,UniversityofColoradoFrancisMummery,FullertonCollegeDavidMushinski,ColoradoStateUniversityChristopherMushrush,IllinoisStateUniversityBabuNahata,UniversityofLouisvilleLaudoOgura,GrandValleyStateUniversityMichaelPatrono,OkaloosaWaltonCollegeJeffRubin,RutgersUniversity,NewBrunswickSamuelSarri,CollegeofSouthernNevadaHarinderSingh,GrandValleyStateUniversityDavidSpencer,UniversityofMichiganDavidSwitzer,SaintCloudStateUniversityHenryTerrell,UniversityofMarylandNgocbichTran,SanJacintoCollegeMiaoWang,MarquetteUniversityElizabethWheaton,SouthernMethodistUniversityMartinZelder,NorthwesternUniversityIreceiveddetailedfeedbackonspecificelementsinthetext,includingallendofchapterproblemsandapplications,fromthefollowinginstructorsCaseyRAbington,KansasStateUniversitySeemiAhmad,DutchessCommunityCollegeFarhadAmeen,StateUniversityofNewYork,WestchesterCommunityCollegeJJArias,GeorgiaCollegeStateUniversityJamesBathgate,WillametteUniversityScottBeaulier,MercerUniversityCliveBelfield,QueensCollegeCalvinBlackwell,CollegeofCharlestonCecilEBohanon,BallStateUniversityDouglasCampbell,UniversityofMemphisMichaelGCarew,BaruchCollegeSewinChan,NewYorkUniversityJoyceJChen,TheOhioStateUniversityEdwardACohn,DelMarCollegeChadD

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