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Resumes for College Students and Recent Graduates - Editors of VGM.pdf

Resumes for College Students an…

上传者: 菜刀砍大树
16次下载 0人收藏 暂无简介 简介 2013-07-10 举报

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RESUMESIncludesSampleCoverLettersTHIRDEDITIONCollegeStudentsandRecentGraduatesTheEditorsofVGMCareerBooksFOR0-07-145491-8ThematerialinthiseBookalsoappearsintheprintversionofthistitle:0-07-143738-X.Alltrademarksaretrademarksoftheirrespectiveowners.Ratherthanputatrademarksymbolaftereveryoccurrenceofatrademarkedname,weusenamesinaneditorialfashiononly,andtothebenefitofthetrademarkowner,withnointentionofinfringementofthetrademark.Wheresuchdesignationsappearinthisbook,theyhavebeenprintedwithinitialcaps.McGraw-HilleBooksareavailableatspecialquantitydiscountstouseaspremiumsandsalespromotions,orforuseincorporatetrainingprograms.Formoreinformation,pleasecontactGeorgeHoare,SpecialSales,atgeorge_hoare@mcgraw-hill.comor(212)904-4069.TERMSOFUSEThisisacopyrightedworkandTheMcGraw-HillCompanies,Inc.(“McGraw-Hill”)anditslicensorsreserveallrightsinandtothework.Useofthisworkissubjecttotheseterms.ExceptaspermittedundertheCopyrightActof1976andtherighttostoreandretrieveonecopyofthework,youmaynotdecompile,disassemble,reverseengineer,reproduce,modify,createderivativeworksbasedupon,transmit,distribute,disseminate,sell,publishorsublicensetheworkoranypartofitwithoutMcGraw-Hill’spriorconsent.Youmayusetheworkforyourownnoncommercialandpersonaluse;anyotheruseoftheworkisstrictlyprohibited.Yourrighttousetheworkmaybeterminatedifyoufailtocomplywiththeseterms.THEWORKISPROVIDED“ASIS.”McGRAW-HILLANDITSLICENSORSMAKENOGUARANTEESORWARRANTIESASTOTHEACCURACY,ADEQUACYORCOMPLETENESSOFORRESULTSTOBEOBTAINEDFROMUSINGTHEWORK,INCLUDINGANYINFORMATIONTHATCANBEACCESSEDTHROUGHTHEWORKVIAHYPERLINKOROTHERWISE,ANDEXPRESSLYDISCLAIMANYWARRANTY,EXPRESSORIMPLIED,INCLUDINGBUTNOTLIMITEDTOIMPLIEDWARRANTIESOFMERCHANTABILITYORFITNESSFORAPARTICULARPURPOSE.McGraw-Hillanditslicensorsdonotwarrantorguaranteethatthefunctionscontainedintheworkwillmeetyourrequirementsorthatitsoperationwillbeuninterruptedorerrorfree.NeitherMcGraw-Hillnoritslicensorsshallbeliabletoyouoranyoneelseforanyinaccuracy,errororomission,regardlessofcause,intheworkorforanydamagesresultingtherefrom.McGraw-Hillhasnoresponsibilityforthecontentofanyinformationaccessedthroughthework.UndernocircumstancesshallMcGraw-Hilland/oritslicensorsbeliableforanyindirect,incidental,special,punitive,consequentialorsimilardamagesthatresultfromtheuseoforinabilitytousethework,evenifanyofthemhasbeenadvisedofthepossibilityofsuchdamages.Thislimitationofliabilityshallapplytoanyclaimorcausewhatsoeverwhethersuchclaimorcausearisesincontract,tortorotherwise.DOI:10.1036/00714549180-07-145490-XCopyright2005byTheMcGraw-HillCompanies,Inc.Allrightsreserved.ManufacturedintheUnitedStatesofAmerica.ExceptaspermittedundertheUnitedStatesCopyrightActof1976,nopartofthispublicationmaybereproducedordistributedinanyformorbyanymeans,orstoredinadatabaseorretrievalsystem,withoutthepriorwrittenpermissionofthepublisher.ThematerialinthiseBookalsoappearsintheprintversionofthistitle:0-07-143737-1.Alltrademarksaretrademarksoftheirrespectiveowners.Ratherthanputatrademarksymbolaftereveryoccurrenceofatrademarkedname,weusenamesinaneditorialfashiononly,andtothebenefitofthetrademarkowner,withnointentionofinfringementofthetrademark.Wheresuchdesignationsappearinthisbook,theyhavebeenprintedwithinitialcaps.McGraw-HilleBooksareavailableatspecialquantitydiscountstouseaspremiumsandsalespromotions,orforuseincorporatetrainingprograms.Formoreinformation,pleasecontactGeorgeHoare,SpecialSales,atgeorge_hoare@mcgraw-hill.comor(212)904-4069.TERMSOFUSEThisisacopyrightedworkandTheMcGraw-HillCompanies,Inc.(“McGraw-Hill”)anditslicensorsreserveallrightsinandtothework.Useofthisworkissubjecttotheseterms.ExceptaspermittedundertheCopyrightActof1976andtherighttostoreandretrieveonecopyofthework,youmaynotdecompile,disassemble,reverseengineer,reproduce,modify,createderivativeworksbasedupon,transmit,distribute,disseminate,sell,publishorsublicensetheworkoranypartofitwithoutMcGraw-Hill’spriorconsent.Youmayusetheworkforyourownnoncommercialandpersonaluse;anyotheruseoftheworkisstrictlyprohibited.Yourrighttousetheworkmaybeterminatedifyoufailtocomplywiththeseterms.THEWORKISPROVIDED“ASIS.”McGRAW-HILLANDITSLICENSORSMAKENOGUARANTEESORWARRANTIESASTOTHEACCURACY,ADEQUACYORCOMPLETENESSOFORRESULTSTOBEOBTAINEDFROMUSINGTHEWORK,INCLUDINGANYINFORMATIONTHATCANBEACCESSEDTHROUGHTHEWORKVIAHYPERLINKOROTHERWISE,ANDEXPRESSLYDISCLAIMANYWARRANTY,EXPRESSORIMPLIED,INCLUDINGBUTNOTLIMITEDTOIMPLIEDWARRANTIESOFMERCHANTABILITYORFITNESSFORAPARTICULARPURPOSE.McGraw-Hillanditslicensorsdonotwarrantorguaranteethatthefunctionscontainedintheworkwillmeetyourrequirementsorthatitsoperationwillbeuninterruptedorerrorfree.NeitherMcGraw-Hillnoritslicensorsshallbeliabletoyouoranyoneelseforanyinaccuracy,errororomission,regardlessofcause,intheworkorforanydamagesresultingtherefrom.McGraw-Hillhasnoresponsibilityforthecontentofanyinformationaccessedthroughthework.UndernocircumstancesshallMcGraw-Hilland/oritslicensorsbeliableforanyindirect,incidental,special,punitive,consequentialorsimilardamagesthatresultfromtheuseoforinabilitytousethework,evenifanyofthemhasbeenadvisedofthepossibilityofsuchdamages.Thislimitationofliabilityshallapplytoanyclaimorcausewhatsoeverwhethersuchclaimorcausearisesincontract,tortorotherwise.DOI:10.1036/007145490XWanttolearnmore?WehopeyouenjoythisMcGraw-HilleBook!Ifyou’dlikemoreinformationaboutthisbook,itsauthor,orrelatedbooksandwebsites,pleaseclickhere.iiiContentsIntroductionvChapter1TheElementsofanEffectiveResume1Chapter2WritingYourResume17Chapter3AssemblyandLayout21Chapter4TheCoverLetter33Chapter5SampleResumes37Chapter6SampleCoverLetters133Formoreinformationaboutthetitle,clickhereThispageintentionallyleftblank.vIntroductionYourresumeisapieceofpaper(oranelectronicdocument)thatservestointroduceyoutothepeoplewhowilleventuallyhireyou.Towriteathoughtfulresume,youmustthoroughlyassessyourper-sonality,youraccomplishments,andtheskillsyouhaveacquired.Theactofcomposingandsubmittingaresumealsorequiresyoutocarefullycon-siderthecompanyorindividualthatmighthireyou.Whataretheylook-ingfor,andhowcanyoumeettheirneeds?Thisbookshowsyouhowtoorganizeyourpersonalinformationandexperienceintoaconciseandwell-writtenresumesothatyourqualificationsandpotentialasanemployeewillbeunderstoodeasilyandquicklybyacompletestranger.Writingtheresumeisjustonestepinwhatcanbeadauntingjob-searchprocess,butitisanimportantelementinthechainofeventsthatwillleadyoutoyournewposition.Whileyouareprobablyatalented,bright,andcharmingperson,yourresumemaynotreflectthesequalities.Apoorlywrittenresumecangetyounowhere;awell-writtenresumecanlandyouaninterviewandpotentiallyajob.Agoodresumecanevenleadtheinterviewertoaskyouquestionsthatwillallowyoutotalkaboutyourstrengthsandhighlighttheskillsyoucanbringtoaprospectiveemployer.Evenapersonwithverylittleexperiencecanfindagoodjobifheorsheisassistedbyathoughtfulandpolishedresume.Lengthy,typewrittenresumesareathingofthepast.Today,employ-ersdonothavethetimeorthepatienceforverbosedocuments;theylookfortightlycomposed,straightforward,action-basedresumes.Althoughaone-pageresumeisthenorm,atwo-pageresumemaybewarrantedifyouhavehadextensivejobexperienceorhavechangedcareersandtrulyneedthespacetoproperlypositionyourself.If,aftercarefulediting,youstillneedmorethanonepagetopresentyourself,it’sacceptabletouseasec-ondpage.Acrowdedresumethat’shardtoreadwouldbetheworstofyourchoices.Copyright2005byTheMcGraw-HillCompanies,Inc.Clickherefortermsofuse.Distillingyourworkexperience,education,andinterestsintosuchasmallspacerequirespreparationandthought.Thisbooktakesyoustep-by-stepthroughtheprocessofcraftinganeffectiveresumethatwillstandoutintoday’scompetitivemarketplace.Itservesasaworkbookandaplacetowritedownyourexperiences,whilealsoincludingthetechniquesyou’llneedtopullallthenecessaryelementstogether.Inthefollowingpages,you’llfindmanyexamplesofresumesthatarespecifictoyourareaofinter-est.Studythemforinspirationandfindwhatappealstoyou.Thereareavarietyofwaystoorganizeandpresentyourinformation;inside,you’llfindseveralthatwillbesuitabletoyourneeds.Goodlucklandingthejobofyourdreams!viResumesforCollegeStudentsandRecentGraduatesTheElementsofanEffectiveResumeAneffectiveresumeiscomposedofinformationthatemployersaremostinterestedinknowingaboutaprospectivejobapplicant.Thisinformationisconveyedbyafewessentialelements.Thefollow-ingisalistofelementsthatarefoundinmostresumes—someessential,someoptional.Laterinthischapter,wewillfurtherexaminetheroleofeachoftheseelementsinthemakeupofyourresume.•Heading•Objectiveand/orKeywordSection•WorkExperience•Education•Honors•Activities•CertificatesandLicenses•Publications•ProfessionalMemberships•SpecialSkills•PersonalInformation•References1Chapter1Copyright2005byTheMcGraw-HillCompanies,Inc.Clickherefortermsofuse.Thefirststepinpreparingyourresumeistogatherinformationaboutyourselfandyourpastaccomplishments.Lateryouwillrefinethisinfor-mation,rewriteitusingeffectivelanguage,andorganizeitintoanattrac-tivelayout.Butfirst,let’stakealookateachoftheseimportantelementsindividuallysoyoucanjudgetheirappropriatenessforyourresume.HeadingAlthoughtheheadingmayseemtobethesimplestsectionofyourresume,becarefulnottotakeitlightly.Itisthefirstsectionyourprospectiveemployerwillsee,anditcontainstheinformationsheorhewillneedtocontactyou.Attheveryleast,theheadingmustcontainyourname,yourhomeaddress,and,ofcourse,aphonenumberwhereyoucanbereachedeasily.Intoday’shigh-techworld,manyofushavemultiplewaysthatwecanbecontacted.Youmaylistyoure-mailaddressifyouarereasonablysuretheemployermakesuseofthisformofcommunication.Keepinmind,however,thatothersmayhaveaccesstoyoure-mailmessagesifyousendthemfromanaccountprovidedbyyourcurrentcompany.Ifthisisacon-cern,donotlistyourworke-mailaddressonyourresume.Ifyouareabletotakecallsatyourcurrentplaceofbusiness,youshouldincludeyourworknumber,becausemostemployerswillattempttocontactyouduringtyp-icalbusinesshours.Ifyouhavevoicemailorareliableansweringmachineathomeoratwork,listitsnumberintheheadingandmakesureyourgreetingispro-fessionalandclear.Alwaysincludeatleastonephonenumberinyourheading,evenifitisatemporarynumber,whereaprospectiveemployercanleaveamessage.Youmighthaveadozendifferentwaystobecontacted,butyoudonotneedtolistallofthem.Confineyournumbersoraddressestothosethataretheeasiestfortheprospectiveemployertouseandthesimplestforyoutoretrieve.ObjectiveWhenseekingaspecificcareerpath,itisimportanttolistajoborcareerobjectiveonyourresume.Thisstatementhelpsemployersknowthedirec-tionyouseeyourselftaking,sotheycandeterminewhetheryourgoalsareinlinewiththoseoftheirorganizationandthepositionavailable.Normally,2ResumesforCollegeStudentsandRecentGraduatesanobjectiveisonetotwosentenceslong.Itscontentswillvarydependingonyourcareerfield,goals,andpersonality.Theobjectivecanbespecificorgeneral,butitshouldalwaysbetothepoint.Seethesampleresumesinthisbookforexamples.Ifyouareplanningtousethisresumeonline,oryoususpectyourpotentialemployerislikelytoscanyourresume,youwillwanttoincludea“keyword”intheobjective.Thisallowsaprospectiveemployer,search-inghundredsofresumesforaspecificskillorpositionobjective,tolocatethekeywordandfindyourresume.Inessence,akeywordiswhat’s“hot”inyourparticularfieldatagiventime.It’sabuzzword,ashorthandwayofgettingaparticularmessageacrossataglance.Forexample,ifyouarealawyer,yourobjectivemightstateyourdesiretoworkintheareaofcor-poratelitigation.Inthiscase,someonesearchingforthekeyword“corpo-ratelitigation”willpullupyourresumeandknowthatyouwanttoplan,research,andpresentcasesattrialonbehalfofthecorporation.Ifyourobjectivestatesthatyou“desireachallengingpositioninsystemsdesign,”thekeywordis“systemsdesign,”anindustry-specificshorthandwayofsay-ingthatyouwanttobeinvolvedinassessingtheneedfor,acquiring,andimplementinghigh-technologysystems.Thesearekeywordsandeveryindustryhasthem,soit’sbecomingmoreandmoreimportanttoincludeafewinyourresume.(Youmayneedtoconductadditionalresearchtomakesureyouknowwhatkeywordsaremostlikelytobeusedinyourdesiredindustry,profession,orsituation.)Therearemanyresumeandjob-searchsitesonline.Likemostthingsintheonlineworld,theyvaryagreatdealinquality.Useyourdiscretion.Ifyouplantoapplyforjobsonlineoradvertiseyouravailabilitythisway,youwillwanttodesignascannableresume.Thistypeofresumeusesaformatthatcanbeeasilyscannedintoacomputerandaddedtoadata-base.Scanningallowsaprospectiveemployertousekeywordstoquicklyrevieweachapplicant’sexperienceandskills,and(intheeventthattherearemanycandidatesforthejob)tokeepyourresumeforfuturereference.Manypeoplefindthatitisworthwhiletocreatetwoormoreversionsoftheirbasicresume.Youmaywantanintricatelydesignedresumeonhigh-qualitypapertomailorhandoutandaresumethatisdesignedtobescannedintoacomputerandsavedonadatabaseoranonlinejobsite.YoucanevencreatearesumeinASCIItexttoe-mailtoprospectiveemploy-ers.Forfurtherinformation,youmaywishtorefertotheGuidetoInter-netJobSearching,byMargaretRileyDikelandFrancesE.Roehm,updatedandpublishedeveryotheryearbyVGMCareerBooks,adivisionoftheMcGraw-HillCompanies.ThisexcellentbookcontainshelpfulanddetailedinformationaboutformattingaresumeforInternetuse.Togetyoustarted,inChapter3wehaveincludedalistofthingstokeepinmindwhencre-atingelectronicresumes.TheElementsofanEffectiveResume3Althoughitisusuallyagoodideatoincludeanobjective,insomecasesthiselementisnotnecessary.Thegoaloftheobjectivestatementistopro-videtheemployerwithanideaofwhereyouseeyourselfgoinginthefield.However,ifyouareuncertainoftheexactnatureofthejobyouseek,includinganobjectivethatistoospecificcouldresultinyournotbeingconsideredforahostofperfectlyacceptablepositions.Ifyoudecidenottouseanobjectiveheadinginyourresume,youshoulddefinitelyincor-poratetheinformationthatwouldbeconveyedintheobjectiveintoyourcoverletter.WorkExperienceWorkexperienceisarguablythemostimportantelementofthemall.Unlessyouhaveaccumulatedlittleornorelevantworkexperience,yourcurrentandformerpositionswillprovidethecentralfocusoftheresume.Youwillwantthissectiontobeascompleteandcarefullyconstructedaspossible.Bythoroughlyexaminingyourworkexperience,youcangettotheheartofyouraccomplishmentsandpresenttheminawaythatdemon-stratesandhighlightsyourqualifications.Asyouarejustenteringtheworkforce,yourresumewillprobablyfocusonyoureducation,butyoushouldalsoincludeinformationonyourworkorvolunteerexperiences.Althoughyouwillhavelessinformationaboutworkexperiencethanapersonwhohasheldmultiplepositionsorisadvancedinhisorhercareer,theamountofinformationisnotwhatismostimportantinthissection.Howtheinformationispresentedandwhatitsaysaboutyouasaworkerandapersonarewhatreallycount.Asyoucreatethissectionofyourresume,remembertheneedforaccuracy.Includeallthenecessaryinformationabouteachofyourjobs,includingyourjobtitle,datesofemployment,nameofyouremployer,city,state,responsibilities,specialprojectsyouhandled,andaccomplishments.Besuretolistonlyaccomplishmentsforwhichyouweredirectlyrespon-sible.Anddon’tbealarmedifyouhaven’tparticipatedinorworkedonspecialprojects,becausethissectionmaynotberelevanttocertainjobs.Themostcommonwaytolistyourworkexperienceisinreversechronologicalorder.Inotherwords,startwithyourmostrecentjobandworkyourwaybackward.Thisway,yourprospectiveemployerseesyourcurrent(andoftenmostimportant)positionbeforeconsideringyourpastemployment.Yourmostrecentposition,ifit’sthemostimportantintermsofresponsibilitiesandrelevancetothejobforwhichyouareapplying,shouldalsobetheonethatincludesthemostinformationascomparedtoyourpreviouspositions.4ResumesforCollegeStudentsandRecentGraduatesEveniftheworkitselfseemsunrelatedtoyourproposedcareerpath,youshouldlistanyjoborexperiencethatwillhelpsellyourtalents.Ifyouwerepromotedorgivengreaterresponsibilitiesorcommendations,besuretomentionthefact.Thefollowingworksheetisprovidedtohelpyouorganizeyourexpe-riencesintheworkingworld.Itwillalsoserveasanexcellentresourcetorefertowhenupdatingyourresumeinthefuture.TheElementsofanEffectiveResume5WORKEXPERIENCEJobOne:JobTitle____________________________________________________________________Dates______________________________________________________________________Employer____________________________________________________________________City,State__________________________________________________________________MajorDuties_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Resumes for College Students and Recent Graduates - Editors of VGM.pdf

Resumes for College Students an…

上传者: 菜刀砍大树
16次下载 0人收藏 暂无简介 简介 2013-07-10 举报

简介:外文简历,很有用的

RESUMESIncludesSampleCoverLettersTHIRDEDITIONCollegeStudentsandRecentGraduatesTheEditorsofVGMCareerBooksFOR0-07-145491-8ThematerialinthiseBookalsoappearsintheprintversionofthistitle:0-07-143738-X.Alltrademarksaretrademarksoftheirrespectiveowners.Ratherthanputatrademarksymbolaftereveryoccurrenceofatrademarkedname,weusenamesinaneditorialfashiononly,andtothebenefitofthetrademarkowner,withnointentionofinfringementofthetrademark.Wheresuchdesignationsappearinthisbook,theyhavebeenprintedwithinitialcaps.McGraw-HilleBooksareavailableatspecialquantitydiscountstouseaspremiumsandsalespromotions,orforuseincorporatetrainingprograms.Formoreinformation,pleasecontactGeorgeHoare,SpecialSales,atgeorge_hoare@mcgraw-hill.comor(212)904-4069.TERMSOFUSEThisisacopyrightedworkandTheMcGraw-HillCompanies,Inc.(“McGraw-Hill”)anditslicensorsreserveallrightsinandtothework.Useofthisworkissubjecttotheseterms.ExceptaspermittedundertheCopyrightActof1976andtherighttostoreandretrieveonecopyofthework,youmaynotdecompile,disassemble,reverseengineer,reproduce,modify,createderivativeworksbasedupon,transmit,distribute,disseminate,sell,publishorsublicensetheworkoranypartofitwithoutMcGraw-Hill’spriorconsent.Youmayusetheworkforyourownnoncommercialandpersonaluse;anyotheruseoftheworkisstrictlyprohibited.Yourrighttousetheworkmaybeterminatedifyoufailtocomplywiththeseterms.THEWORKISPROVIDED“ASIS.”McGRAW-HILLANDITSLICENSORSMAKENOGUARANTEESORWARRANTIESASTOTHEACCURACY,ADEQUACYORCOMPLETENESSOFORRESULTSTOBEOBTAINEDFROMUSINGTHEWORK,INCLUDINGANYINFORMATIONTHATCANBEACCESSEDTHROUGHTHEWORKVIAHYPERLINKOROTHERWISE,ANDEXPRESSLYDISCLAIMANYWARRANTY,EXPRESSORIMPLIED,INCLUDINGBUTNOTLIMITEDTOIMPLIEDWARRANTIESOFMERCHANTABILITYORFITNESSFORAPARTICULARPURPOSE.McGraw-Hillanditslicensorsdonotwarrantorguaranteethatthefunctionscontainedintheworkwillmeetyourrequirementsorthatitsoperationwillbeuninterruptedorerrorfree.NeitherMcGraw-Hillnoritslicensorsshallbeliabletoyouoranyoneelseforanyinaccuracy,errororomission,regardlessofcause,intheworkorforanydamagesresultingtherefrom.McGraw-Hillhasnoresponsibilityforthecontentofanyinformationaccessedthroughthework.UndernocircumstancesshallMcGraw-Hilland/oritslicensorsbeliableforanyindirect,incidental,special,punitive,consequentialorsimilardamagesthatresultfromtheuseoforinabilitytousethework,evenifanyofthemhasbeenadvisedofthepossibilityofsuchdamages.Thislimitationofliabilityshallapplytoanyclaimorcausewhatsoeverwhethersuchclaimorcausearisesincontract,tortorotherwise.DOI:10.1036/00714549180-07-145490-XCopyright2005byTheMcGraw-HillCompanies,Inc.Allrightsreserved.ManufacturedintheUnitedStatesofAmerica.ExceptaspermittedundertheUnitedStatesCopyrightActof1976,nopartofthispublicationmaybereproducedordistributedinanyformorbyanymeans,orstoredinadatabaseorretrievalsystem,withoutthepriorwrittenpermissionofthepublisher.ThematerialinthiseBookalsoappearsintheprintversionofthistitle:0-07-143737-1.Alltrademarksaretrademarksoftheirrespectiveowners.Ratherthanputatrademarksymbolaftereveryoccurrenceofatrademarkedname,weusenamesinaneditorialfashiononly,andtothebenefitofthetrademarkowner,withnointentionofinfringementofthetrademark.Wheresuchdesignationsappearinthisbook,theyhavebeenprintedwithinitialcaps.McGraw-HilleBooksareavailableatspecialquantitydiscountstouseaspremiumsandsalespromotions,orforuseincorporatetrainingprograms.Formoreinformation,pleasecontactGeorgeHoare,SpecialSales,atgeorge_hoare@mcgraw-hill.comor(212)904-4069.TERMSOFUSEThisisacopyrightedworkandTheMcGraw-HillCompanies,Inc.(“McGraw-Hill”)anditslicensorsreserveallrightsinandtothework.Useofthisworkissubjecttotheseterms.ExceptaspermittedundertheCopyrightActof1976andtherighttostoreandretrieveonecopyofthework,youmaynotdecompile,disassemble,reverseengineer,reproduce,modify,createderivativeworksbasedupon,transmit,distribute,disseminate,sell,publishorsublicensetheworkoranypartofitwithoutMcGraw-Hill’spriorconsent.Youmayusetheworkforyourownnoncommercialandpersonaluse;anyotheruseoftheworkisstrictlyprohibited.Yourrighttousetheworkmaybeterminatedifyoufailtocomplywiththeseterms.THEWORKISPROVIDED“ASIS.”McGRAW-HILLANDITSLICENSORSMAKENOGUARANTEESORWARRANTIESASTOTHEACCURACY,ADEQUACYORCOMPLETENESSOFORRESULTSTOBEOBTAINEDFROMUSINGTHEWORK,INCLUDINGANYINFORMATIONTHATCANBEACCESSEDTHROUGHTHEWORKVIAHYPERLINKOROTHERWISE,ANDEXPRESSLYDISCLAIMANYWARRANTY,EXPRESSORIMPLIED,INCLUDINGBUTNOTLIMITEDTOIMPLIEDWARRANTIESOFMERCHANTABILITYORFITNESSFORAPARTICULARPURPOSE.McGraw-Hillanditslicensorsdonotwarrantorguaranteethatthefunctionscontainedintheworkwillmeetyourrequirementsorthatitsoperationwillbeuninterruptedorerrorfree.NeitherMcGraw-Hillnoritslicensorsshallbeliabletoyouoranyoneelseforanyinaccuracy,errororomission,regardlessofcause,intheworkorforanydamagesresultingtherefrom.McGraw-Hillhasnoresponsibilityforthecontentofanyinformationaccessedthroughthework.UndernocircumstancesshallMcGraw-Hilland/oritslicensorsbeliableforanyindirect,incidental,special,punitive,consequentialorsimilardamagesthatresultfromtheuseoforinabilitytousethework,evenifanyofthemhasbeenadvisedofthepossibilityofsuchdamages.Thislimitationofliabilityshallapplytoanyclaimorcausewhatsoeverwhethersuchclaimorcausearisesincontract,tortorotherwise.DOI:10.1036/007145490XWanttolearnmore?WehopeyouenjoythisMcGraw-HilleBook!Ifyou’dlikemoreinformationaboutthisbook,itsauthor,orrelatedbooksandwebsites,pleaseclickhere.iiiContentsIntroductionvChapter1TheElementsofanEffectiveResume1Chapter2WritingYourResume17Chapter3AssemblyandLayout21Chapter4TheCoverLetter33Chapter5SampleResumes37Chapter6SampleCoverLetters133Formoreinformationaboutthetitle,clickhereThispageintentionallyleftblank.vIntroductionYourresumeisapieceofpaper(oranelectronicdocument)thatservestointroduceyoutothepeoplewhowilleventuallyhireyou.Towriteathoughtfulresume,youmustthoroughlyassessyourper-sonality,youraccomplishments,andtheskillsyouhaveacquired.Theactofcomposingandsubmittingaresumealsorequiresyoutocarefullycon-siderthecompanyorindividualthatmighthireyou.Whataretheylook-ingfor,andhowcanyoumeettheirneeds?Thisbookshowsyouhowtoorganizeyourpersonalinformationandexperienceintoaconciseandwell-writtenresumesothatyourqualificationsandpotentialasanemployeewillbeunderstoodeasilyandquicklybyacompletestranger.Writingtheresumeisjustonestepinwhatcanbeadauntingjob-searchprocess,butitisanimportantelementinthechainofeventsthatwillleadyoutoyournewposition.Whileyouareprobablyatalented,bright,andcharmingperson,yourresumemaynotreflectthesequalities.Apoorlywrittenresumecangetyounowhere;awell-writtenresumecanlandyouaninterviewandpotentiallyajob.Agoodresumecanevenleadtheinterviewertoaskyouquestionsthatwillallowyoutotalkaboutyourstrengthsandhighlighttheskillsyoucanbringtoaprospectiveemployer.Evenapersonwithverylittleexperiencecanfindagoodjobifheorsheisassistedbyathoughtfulandpolishedresume.Lengthy,typewrittenresumesareathingofthepast.Today,employ-ersdonothavethetimeorthepatienceforverbosedocuments;theylookfortightlycomposed,straightforward,action-basedresumes.Althoughaone-pageresumeisthenorm,atwo-pageresumemaybewarrantedifyouhavehadextensivejobexperienceorhavechangedcareersandtrulyneedthespacetoproperlypositionyourself.If,aftercarefulediting,youstillneedmorethanonepagetopresentyourself,it’sacceptabletouseasec-ondpage.Acrowdedresumethat’shardtoreadwouldbetheworstofyourchoices.Copyright2005byTheMcGraw-HillCompanies,Inc.Clickherefortermsofuse.Distillingyourworkexperience,education,andinterestsintosuchasmallspacerequirespreparationandthought.Thisbooktakesyoustep-by-stepthroughtheprocessofcraftinganeffectiveresumethatwillstandoutintoday’scompetitivemarketplace.Itservesasaworkbookandaplacetowritedownyourexperiences,whilealsoincludingthetechniquesyou’llneedtopullallthenecessaryelementstogether.Inthefollowingpages,you’llfindmanyexamplesofresumesthatarespecifictoyourareaofinter-est.Studythemforinspirationandfindwhatappealstoyou.Thereareavarietyofwaystoorganizeandpresentyourinformation;inside,you’llfindseveralthatwillbesuitabletoyourneeds.Goodlucklandingthejobofyourdreams!viResumesforCollegeStudentsandRecentGraduatesTheElementsofanEffectiveResumeAneffectiveresumeiscomposedofinformationthatemployersaremostinterestedinknowingaboutaprospectivejobapplicant.Thisinformationisconveyedbyafewessentialelements.Thefollow-ingisalistofelementsthatarefoundinmostresumes—someessential,someoptional.Laterinthischapter,wewillfurtherexaminetheroleofeachoftheseelementsinthemakeupofyourresume.•Heading•Objectiveand/orKeywordSection•WorkExperience•Education•Honors•Activities•CertificatesandLicenses•Publications•ProfessionalMemberships•SpecialSkills•PersonalInformation•References1Chapter1Copyright2005byTheMcGraw-HillCompanies,Inc.Clickherefortermsofuse.Thefirststepinpreparingyourresumeistogatherinformationaboutyourselfandyourpastaccomplishments.Lateryouwillrefinethisinfor-mation,rewriteitusingeffectivelanguage,andorganizeitintoanattrac-tivelayout.Butfirst,let’stakealookateachoftheseimportantelementsindividuallysoyoucanjudgetheirappropriatenessforyourresume.HeadingAlthoughtheheadingmayseemtobethesimplestsectionofyourresume,becarefulnottotakeitlightly.Itisthefirstsectionyourprospectiveemployerwillsee,anditcontainstheinformationsheorhewillneedtocontactyou.Attheveryleast,theheadingmustcontainyourname,yourhomeaddress,and,ofcourse,aphonenumberwhereyoucanbereachedeasily.Intoday’shigh-techworld,manyofushavemultiplewaysthatwecanbecontacted.Youmaylistyoure-mailaddressifyouarereasonablysuretheemployermakesuseofthisformofcommunication.Keepinmind,however,thatothersmayhaveaccesstoyoure-mailmessagesifyousendthemfromanaccountprovidedbyyourcurrentcompany.Ifthisisacon-cern,donotlistyourworke-mailaddressonyourresume.Ifyouareabletotakecallsatyourcurrentplaceofbusiness,youshouldincludeyourworknumber,becausemostemployerswillattempttocontactyouduringtyp-icalbusinesshours.Ifyouhavevoicemailorareliableansweringmachineathomeoratwork,listitsnumberintheheadingandmakesureyourgreetingispro-fessionalandclear.Alwaysincludeatleastonephonenumberinyourheading,evenifitisatemporarynumber,whereaprospectiveemployercanleaveamessage.Youmighthaveadozendifferentwaystobecontacted,butyoudonotneedtolistallofthem.Confineyournumbersoraddressestothosethataretheeasiestfortheprospectiveemployertouseandthesimplestforyoutoretrieve.ObjectiveWhenseekingaspecificcareerpath,itisimportanttolistajoborcareerobjectiveonyourresume.Thisstatementhelpsemployersknowthedirec-tionyouseeyourselftaking,sotheycandeterminewhetheryourgoalsareinlinewiththoseoftheirorganizationandthepositionavailable.Normally,2ResumesforCollegeStudentsandRecentGraduatesanobjectiveisonetotwosentenceslong.Itscontentswillvarydependingonyourcareerfield,goals,andpersonality.Theobjectivecanbespecificorgeneral,butitshouldalwaysbetothepoint.Seethesampleresumesinthisbookforexamples.Ifyouareplanningtousethisresumeonline,oryoususpectyourpotentialemployerislikelytoscanyourresume,youwillwanttoincludea“keyword”intheobjective.Thisallowsaprospectiveemployer,search-inghundredsofresumesforaspecificskillorpositionobjective,tolocatethekeywordandfindyourresume.Inessence,akeywordiswhat’s“hot”inyourparticularfieldatagiventime.It’sabuzzword,ashorthandwayofgettingaparticularmessageacrossataglance.Forexample,ifyouarealawyer,yourobjectivemightstateyourdesiretoworkintheareaofcor-poratelitigation.Inthiscase,someonesearchingforthekeyword“corpo-ratelitigation”willpullupyourresumeandknowthatyouwanttoplan,research,andpresentcasesattrialonbehalfofthecorporation.Ifyourobjectivestatesthatyou“desireachallengingpositioninsystemsdesign,”thekeywordis“systemsdesign,”anindustry-specificshorthandwayofsay-ingthatyouwanttobeinvolvedinassessingtheneedfor,acquiring,andimplementinghigh-technologysystems.Thesearekeywordsandeveryindustryhasthem,soit’sbecomingmoreandmoreimportanttoincludeafewinyourresume.(Youmayneedtoconductadditionalresearchtomakesureyouknowwhatkeywordsaremostlikelytobeusedinyourdesiredindustry,profession,orsituation.)Therearemanyresumeandjob-searchsitesonline.Likemostthingsintheonlineworld,theyvaryagreatdealinquality.Useyourdiscretion.Ifyouplantoapplyforjobsonlineoradvertiseyouravailabilitythisway,youwillwanttodesignascannableresume.Thistypeofresumeusesaformatthatcanbeeasilyscannedintoacomputerandaddedtoadata-base.Scanningallowsaprospectiveemployertousekeywordstoquicklyrevieweachapplicant’sexperienceandskills,and(intheeventthattherearemanycandidatesforthejob)tokeepyourresumeforfuturereference.Manypeoplefindthatitisworthwhiletocreatetwoormoreversionsoftheirbasicresume.Youmaywantanintricatelydesignedresumeonhigh-qualitypapertomailorhandoutandaresumethatisdesignedtobescannedintoacomputerandsavedonadatabaseoranonlinejobsite.YoucanevencreatearesumeinASCIItexttoe-mailtoprospectiveemploy-ers.Forfurtherinformation,youmaywishtorefertotheGuidetoInter-netJobSearching,byMargaretRileyDikelandFrancesE.Roehm,updatedandpublishedeveryotheryearbyVGMCareerBooks,adivisionoftheMcGraw-HillCompanies.ThisexcellentbookcontainshelpfulanddetailedinformationaboutformattingaresumeforInternetuse.Togetyoustarted,inChapter3wehaveincludedalistofthingstokeepinmindwhencre-atingelectronicresumes.TheElementsofanEffectiveResume3Althoughitisusuallyagoodideatoincludeanobjective,insomecasesthiselementisnotnecessary.Thegoaloftheobjectivestatementistopro-videtheemployerwithanideaofwhereyouseeyourselfgoinginthefield.However,ifyouareuncertainoftheexactnatureofthejobyouseek,includinganobjectivethatistoospecificcouldresultinyournotbeingconsideredforahostofperfectlyacceptablepositions.Ifyoudecidenottouseanobjectiveheadinginyourresume,youshoulddefinitelyincor-poratetheinformationthatwouldbeconveyedintheobjectiveintoyourcoverletter.WorkExperienceWorkexperienceisarguablythemostimportantelementofthemall.Unlessyouhaveaccumulatedlittleornorelevantworkexperience,yourcurrentandformerpositionswillprovidethecentralfocusoftheresume.Youwillwantthissectiontobeascompleteandcarefullyconstructedaspossible.Bythoroughlyexaminingyourworkexperience,youcangettotheheartofyouraccomplishmentsandpresenttheminawaythatdemon-stratesandhighlightsyourqualifications.Asyouarejustenteringtheworkforce,yourresumewillprobablyfocusonyoureducation,butyoushouldalsoincludeinformationonyourworkorvolunteerexperiences.Althoughyouwillhavelessinformationaboutworkexperiencethanapersonwhohasheldmultiplepositionsorisadvancedinhisorhercareer,theamountofinformationisnotwhatismostimportantinthissection.Howtheinformationispresentedandwhatitsaysaboutyouasaworkerandapersonarewhatreallycount.Asyoucreatethissectionofyourresume,remembertheneedforaccuracy.Includeallthenecessaryinformationabouteachofyourjobs,includingyourjobtitle,datesofemployment,nameofyouremployer,city,state,responsibilities,specialprojectsyouhandled,andaccomplishments.Besuretolistonlyaccomplishmentsforwhichyouweredirectlyrespon-sible.Anddon’tbealarmedifyouhaven’tparticipatedinorworkedonspecialprojects,becausethissectionmaynotberelevanttocertainjobs.Themostcommonwaytolistyourworkexperienceisinreversechronologicalorder.Inotherwords,startwithyourmostrecentjobandworkyourwaybackward.Thisway,yourprospectiveemployerseesyourcurrent(andoftenmostimportant)positionbeforeconsideringyourpastemployment.Yourmostrecentposition,ifit’sthemostimportantintermsofresponsibilitiesandrelevancetothejobforwhichyouareapplying,shouldalsobetheonethatincludesthemostinformationascomparedtoyourpreviouspositions.4ResumesforCollegeStudentsandRecentGraduatesEveniftheworkitselfseemsunrelatedtoyourproposedcareerpath,youshouldlistanyjoborexperiencethatwillhelpsellyourtalents.Ifyouwerepromotedorgivengreaterresponsibilitiesorcommendations,besuretomentionthefact.Thefollowingworksheetisprovidedtohelpyouorganizeyourexpe-riencesintheworkingworld.Itwillalsoserveasanexcellentresourcetorefertowhenupdatingyourresumeinthefuture.TheElementsofanEffectiveResume5WORKEXPERIENCEJobOne:JobTitle____________________________________________________________________Dates______________________________________________________________________Employer____________________________________________________________________City,State__________________________________________________________________MajorDuties_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
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