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首页 名词性从句

名词性从句.ppt

名词性从句

xytjm
2013-06-24 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《名词性从句ppt》,可适用于高中教育领域

一相关概念名词:表示人或事物的名称的词名词的句法作用:名词在句中主要作主语,宾语,表语和同位语。另外还可以作定语,状语。名词性从句:在英语的句子结构中本来该由名词充当的主语、宾语、表语和同位语由一个句子来充当,这个句子就叫:名词性从句。名词性从句主语从句宾语从句表语从句同位语从句主语从句在句中做宾语从句在句中做表语从句在句中做同位语从句在句中主语宾语表语同位语ThathewillcomeiscertainIknowthathewillcomeThetruthisthatIhavebeenthereThefactthatshewaslatesurprisedus为什么叫名词性从句?整个从句相当于一个名词比较:ThemanlookedaroundThattheboyfailedagainintheexamdisappointedhismother同样作主语从句可以表示较复杂的含义,一般是个动作或性质IknowhimIknowthatheiswritinghiscompositioninhisroom为什么要有名词性从句?那人看了看四周(名词作主语)那孩子考试又不及格令他母亲很失望(从句作主语)我知道他在房间里写作文从句的特征:是一个句子,有一个引导词,引导词做从句的一个成分(that除外)名词能做的成分,从句都能做从句表达的意思比名词复杂得多主语从句thatwhetherwhowhomwhosewhatwhichwhenwherewhyhow从句引导词:ThatheknowsJapaneseisknowntoall他懂英语,这一点大家都知道令我惊讶的是在这儿见到他WhenhewillcomeisunknownWhetherheiscomingdoesn’tmattermuch他来不来没什么要紧的他什么时候来不清楚他们是怎么登上山顶的仍是个秘密Itremainsasecrethowtheyclimbedupthemountain主语从句的位置在句首主语较长时通常放在后面,句首主语用It主语太长了!放到句尾DetailsDetailsDetailsDetailsThat无词义,不可省略What“什么”,“所…的”WhatsurprisedmewastoseehimhereWhen“什么时候”主语从句不用if位于句首It作主语的常用句型有:Itbe形容词that从句Itbe名称词组(dutypity)that从句Itbe过去分词(saidthought)that从句It不及物动词(seemhappen)that从句Itisapitythatwecan’tgoswimmingItissaidthathetoldhereverythingIthappenedthatIwasoutthatdayItiscertainthathewilldowellintheexam真可惜我们不能去游泳碰巧那天我外出了他考试肯定会考好据说他已告诉了她一切注意:Itlookedthathewasright(×)可以说:Itlooksasif…happen只有it句型Itissaid只有it句型More疑问句中应该用形式主语It句型Whateverwedomustbeintheinterestofthepeople()Itmustbeintheinterestofthepeoplewhateverwedo()名词性关系代词whateverwhoeverwhicheverwhereverwhat引导的主语从句一般放在句首√×√×改错ItistruewhathesaidWhathesaidistrue放在句首IsthathewillcomecertainIsitcertainthathewillcome问句HecanswimisknowntoallThathecanswimisknowntoall从句必须有引导词表语从句从句同主语从句(个),外加asif引导词:asthough,ThetruthisthathehasneverbeentothecountrysideThequestioniswhetherwcanfinishtheexperimentbyFridayItlooksasifitweregoingtorain实际情况是他从未去过农村that一般不省略问题在于我们能否在明天下午之前完成这项实验表语从句不用ifThisschoolisnolongerwhatitwasbefore这所学校已不再是从前的那个样子了what=thethingthatMore系动词后面注意下列表语从句中where,how,why的译法ThisiswhereLuXunoncelivedThatwashowtheywonthematchThisiswhyshegotupsoearlythismorning这就是鲁迅曾经住过的地方他们就是这样赢得这场比赛的这就是她为什么今天早上起得这么早的原因我们就是这样克服困难的那就是他昨天缺席的原因这就是我们上星期碰头的地方ThisisThatwashowweovercamethedifficultiesThatiswhyhewasabsentyesterdayThisiswherewemetlastSunday固定句型:Thisiswhere…Thisiswhy…Thisishow…这就是…的地方这就是…的原因这就是…的方法宾语从句从句(同主语从句),增加if,可与whether引导词:互换,但不与ornot连用Theypretended(that)theyknewhowtodoit他们假装知道怎么做这事。That从句做pretend的宾语我暗中想他讲的不是真话谓语与从句之间有插入语时,that不可省略IthoughttomyselfthathewasnottellingthetruthShesaid(that)shecouldn’ttellmeandthatIcouldn’tunderstand宾语从句并列时,只省略第一个thatEverythingdependsonwhetherwehaveenoughtime(if)ifwhether表示“是否”可以互换,五种情况只用whether:在介词后面与ornot连用在主语从句,表语从句,同位语从句中Idon’tknowwhetherhewillcomeornot(if)Thequestioniswhetherhewillagree(if)MoreIdoubtifwhetherhewillpasstheexamIdon’tdoubtthatwewillwinthematchDoyoudoubtthathediditonhisowndoubt问题肯定句中用ifwhether否定句中用that疑定句中用thatIdoubtheistellingthetruthWeneverdoubttheplanwillbecarriedoutDoeshedoubtyouarefromAustriaI’mdoubtfulhewillagreetothisifwhetherthatthatifwhether宾语从句经常做介词的宾语TheSwedestoodstill,excepthislipsmovedslightlySheisnotsatisfiedwithshehasachievedMaryalwaysthinksofshecandomorefortheclassHewrotealetterofthankstohelpedhim(任何一个)Itdependsonifwehaveenoughtimewhetherwehaveenoughtime介词后面不用ifthatwhathowwhoeverAreyousorryforwhichyouhavedonewhatyouhavedone介词后面不用which宾语从句经常作表语形容词的宾语I’mafraid(that)I’llbelateWeweresurprisedthathelostthegame我恐怕要迟到了that可以省略我们对他在比赛中的失败感到惊异此类表语形容词有:afraidpleasedhappysatisfiedanxioussuresurprisedcertaingladaware用它们造句that从句只跟在except,but,in,besides,save五个介词后面Wethinkthatmiddleschoolstudentsmasteroneforeignlanguagepossible(改用形式宾语it)Wehavemadethataforeignlanguageisusefulweaponinthestruggleoflifeclear(改用形式宾语it)我认为学好英语是必要的英语有句尾重心的原则IconsiderthatweshouldlearnEnglishwellnecessaryWeconsiderhersuitableforthejob句尾太轻considerfindthinkfeelmake等动词常带宾语补足语,这时要用形式宾语it,宾语从句放到宾补之后WethinkitpossiblethatmiddleschoolstudentsmasteroneforeignlanguageWehavemadeitclearthataforeignlanguageisusefulweaponinthestruggleoflifeexercisecorrectionTheemperorwaspleasedbywhichtheministertoldhimaboutitAreyousorryforthatyouhaveannoyedhimIfindthatthisshouldbekeptsecretforthetimebeingnecessaryCanyoudoubtifshewillsucceedIworriedaboutifmybrotherwillreturnintimeShesaidthatshehasnevertoldalieWillyoutellmewhenheleavesforParisOurfootballteamwonthematchlastSundayexcitedallofusItlookedthathewaswellpreparedfortheunexpectedchallengeThathesaidmovedeveryonepresentwhatitnecessarythatthisshouldbekeptsexretforthetimebeingthatshewillsucceedwhethermybrotherwillreturnintimehadwillleaveforParisThatourfootballteamwonthematchlastSundayexcitedallofusWhatItseemedwhich不做介词宾语that不做介词宾语句尾重心从句缺少引导词that不做句子成分没有Itlookthat…表达式同位语从句被修饰词有:fact,news,hope,opinion,order,question,problem,belief,truth,theory,decision,discovery,conclusion,promise,rumor,fear,thought,suggestion,plan,idea…同位语从句说明它们的内容常见引导词:that,whether(if),how,wh疑问词ThefactthatdeedsarebetterthanwordsisquiteclearThequestionhowIdiditishardtoanswerTheyhadnoideawheretheyshouldgotofindsomefoodThequestionwhetherhecomesornotisnotimportant(if)Athoughtcametomethathemightbeinthelibrary事实胜于雄辨这一道理非常清楚我怎么做的这一问题难回答他们根本不知去哪儿找食物他是否来这个问题不重要我突然想到他可能在图书馆被别的词隔开that无词义同位语从句和定语从句的区别:Wewereexcitedaboutthenews(that)hehadtoldusWewereexcitedaboutthenewsthathehadpassedtheexamThefactthattheyoungmanhadbeenaprisonerastonishedherThefactthatwasunbelievableastonishedeveryoneThequestionwhohelpedusoutofdifficultyremainstobeansweredThequestionwhichseemssostrangeremainstobeanswered同位语从句:说明名词的内容,wh表示疑问,that不做成分,不能省略定语从句:说明名词的性质特征,wh不表示疑问,引导词做句子成分,that做宾语可以省略用形式主语it的主语从句常见结构Itisclear(necessary,important,possible,remarkablethat…很清楚(必要,重要,可能,值得注意等)…Itisafact(agoodthing,goodnews…)that…事实是(好事是,好消息是…)…Itiswellknown(reported,recorded,estimated,said,believed)that…众所周知(据报道,,据记载,据说,据估计)…Itturnsout(seems,happens,appears…)that…结果是(似乎是,碰巧是,好象是…)…,,是动词只有it句型Ithasbeenfound(hasbeenproved,canbeseen,mustbepointedout)that…已发现(已证明,可以看出,需指出)…,是形容词,两种句型Return用it句型翻译,并判断是否有第二种说法:据说今年高一学生要学新教材事实是他们靠自己完成了所有的任务碰巧他们已经参加过军训了众所周知,比尔·盖茨是世界上最富有的人我们应该养成好的学习习惯这很重要ItissaidthattheSeniorGradeonestudentswilllearnanewtextthisyearItisafactthattheyfinishedalltheworkbythemselvesIthappenedthattheyhadhadtheirmilitarytrainingItiswellknownthatBillGatesistherichestpersonintheworld→→→→→Itisimportantthatwe(should)formagoodhabitofstudyingNote:Itisimportantnecessarynaturalourdutyessentialstrangethatsb(should)dosth固定句型,should可以省略翻译:真奇怪他今天竟然迟到了Itisstrangethatheshouldbelatetodaystrange不省略should为好√√Returnthat引导陈述句,在从句中没有词义,不可省略return她会讲法语这一点大家都知道ThatshecanspeakFrenchisknowntousall她一声不响拿走了他的杂志,这使他很生气五班输了比赛,这事令所有的人感到惊讶他干了一上午的活,这使他感到很累她不可能是美国人,这一点是很清楚的她已经入团了,这件事很快会被宣布ThathetookawayhismagazinewithoutawordmadehimangryThatClassFivelostthegamesurprisedeveryoneThatheworkedallmorningmadehimfeelverytiredThatshecan’tbeanAmericanisquiteclearThatshehasjoinedtheLeaguewillbeannouncedsoonWhat在从句中表示“什么”或“所…的”returnWhathewilldonextisunknownWhat表示疑问“什么”比如:他下一步做什么我们不清楚。在那儿所看到的(事物)是无法描述的我们怎么处理这些书与你无关她会给我们带些什么食物来还不清楚明天会发生什么事还是个谜她所买的只是一些蔬菜WhatwasseenthereisbeyonddescriptionWhatwewilldowiththefoodhasnothingtodowithyouWhatfoodhewillbringtousisnotclearWhatwillhappentomorrowisstillamysteryWhatshehasboughtareonlysomevegetablesWhat只用于名词性从句中Returnwhenwherewhyhowwhowhomwhose分别表示什么时候、什么地方、为什么、怎么、谁(主格宾格)、谁的WhenwewillhaveameetingisunknownWherewewillhaveameetingisunknownWhyweshouldhaveameetingisunknown我们什么时候开会不清楚我们在什么地方开会不清楚我们为什么要开会不清楚他们是怎么发现那个秘密的令大家很感兴趣谁来当他们的班主任还没有决定HowtheydiscoveredthatsecretinterestedeveryoneWhowillbetheirclassteacherhasnotbeendecidedWheredidtheygolastweekisofnoimportance()错凡是从句都必须用陈述语序wentwhether从句作主语时不能用ifReturn我们是否要重新做这个实验好没有决定这本书是否林先生写的这一点很重要他们是否能按时达到要看天气她是否能考上大学要看她是否努力WhetherweshoulddotheexperimentagainhasnotbeendecidedWhetherthebookwaswrittenbyMrLinisveryimportantWhethertheycanarriveintimedependsontheweatherWhethershecanpassthecollegeentranceexaminationdependsonwhethershewillworkhardWhetherthatshecancomeornotdoesn’tmatter()错一个从句只能有一个引导词用表语从句合并ReturnHewasabsentfromthemeetingThat’sthefactIsheastudentThat’smyquestionWhenwillweleavefortheIslandThat’swhatIwanttoknowWhommustoureducationserveThat’sthemostimportantThefactisthathewasabsentfromthemeetingMyquestioniswhetherheisstudent从句一律陈述语序WhatIwanttoknowiswhenwe’llleavefortheIslandThemostimportantiswhomoureducationmustserveMyideais(我们应该每天练习讲英语)thatweshouldpracticespeakingEnglisheverydayThat无词义,是引导词,不要遗漏重要的是我们怎样提高英语成绩TheimportantthingishowwecouldimproveourEnglish标点符号宾语从句常做动词的宾语Return我记不得他是怎么找到这个答案的请告诉我林教授住在哪里我不在乎这是谁的责任他拿不定主意该去看哪场篮球比赛我不知道为什么她对她的儿子这么以严厉Idon’trememberhowhefoundtheanswerPleasetellmewhereProfessorLinlivesIdon’tcarewhosedutyitisHecan’tdecidewhichbasketballmatchheshouldgoandwatchIdon’tknowwhysheissohardonhersonReturn做介词宾语他总是想到如何为人民多做事除了下雨,他天天坚持锻炼她一切很顺利只是工作较忙我们对她女儿的遭遇感到震惊这是一个谁来做这项手术的问题HealwaysthinksofhowhecandomoreforthepeopleHekeepsondoingexerciseeverydayexceptwhenitrainsEverythingdoesonwellexceptthatheisbusywithhisworkWewereshockedbywhatherdaughterhadsufferedItisamatterofwhowilldotheoperationDidyouhearaboutthathewasfullyrecovered()Italldependsonifthehumidweatherwillchangesoonenough()Iamveryinterestedinhowhedidmorewithlessmoney()××√whetherWethinkthatMrLindidn’tcomeyesterdaystrange(划出宾语改用it)每人都要写一篇作文这一点她已经讲得很清楚了我们觉得互相帮助是我们的责任我们认为他们在渡船上吸烟是不对的我们认为他们不可能的懂得怎么操作电脑WethinkitstrangethatMrLindidn’tcomeyesterdayShehasmadeitclearthateveryoneshouldwriteacompositionWefeelitourdutythatweshouldhelpeachotherReturnWedon’tthinkitrightthattheysmokeontheferryWeconsideritimpossiblethattheycouldknowhowtooperateacomputer

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