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首页 教你打好篮球场上的五个位置:控卫、得分后卫、小前锋、大前锋、中锋

教你打好篮球场上的五个位置:控卫、得分后卫、小前锋、大前锋、中锋.pdf

教你打好篮球场上的五个位置:控卫、得分后卫、小前锋、大前锋、中锋

少年瑞世良英
2013-06-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《教你打好篮球场上的五个位置:控卫、得分后卫、小前锋、大前锋、中锋pdf》,可适用于其他资料领域

PGThisplayermaybethesmallestinstature,butheisthetypicallythefastestMoreimportantly,heistheteam'sCIA(CoachInAction)Let'sfirsttalkaboutthefirstpointBecauseheisagile,hasalowcenterofmassandexcellentdribblingskills,heisexpectedtohandleandkeythebasketballanddeliverittotheotherendofthecourtsinglehandedlyWhathemainlydoesinanoffenseistodribbletowardsthebasketballhoopforalayuporadishifguardedThusafirstratepointguardshouldalsohaveareasonablyeffectivejumpshotandshouldbeascoringthreatfromlongdistancetogivehimselfroomtomaneuverApartfromscoringbyhisownordishingitofftothebigmenforaflush,thepointguardisexpectedtoruntheteam'soffensebycontrollingtheballandmakingsurethatitgetstotherightplayersattherighttimeThisbringsustothesecondpointofbeingtheCIAFromtimetotime,weseecoachesyellinglikeamofoonthecourtsideduringtimeoutsandteachhisteammateshowtorunaplayYet,theplaymaynevertakeplaceSo,whenitissituationCPAFU(Coach'sPlayAllFouledUp)orwhenthecoachfailstogiveanyusefulinstruction,thePGmustmakeuphismindinleadinganoffenseAgoodoffenseissaidtobeorchestratedbyapointguardHeistheconductorofthewholejazzHeismostvaluableifheisabletoseetheweaksideoftheteamandexploititForthisreason,passingskillsandcourtvisionareessentialgreatpointguardsareoftenevaluatedmoreontheirassisttotalsthanontheirscoringTodoalloftheabove,PointguardsmustdisplayleadershiponthefloorAtruepointguard'sjobistocreateinstancesthatleadtoafieldgoalforhisteamthisincludespassing,butalsorunningtheoffense:settingupplaysonthecourt,gettingtheballtotheteammatethathefeelsisinthebestpositiontoscore,andalsodictatingthetempoofthegameApartfromCIA,thepointguardismoreoftenreferredtobyannouncersasa"coachonthefloor"ora"floorgeneral"ThestyleswithwhichpointguardsdotheirjobvarywidelyfromplayertoplayerQuicknessisoftencitedasanecessityfortheposition,butthisisnotnecessarilytrueTheimportantthingforpointguardsistobeabletopassanddribbletheballfrequentlywithoutcommittingturnovers,andtokeeptheteamundercontrolatalltimesHeisalsothefirsttoheadbacktothedefensewhentheoffenseisblownHowever,heisrathermoreexpectedtostealandorpreventtheballdownbeingpusheddownthecourtthanblockingtheshotsSkillsneeded:DribblingDribblingDribblingDribbling,ReverseReverseReverseReverseLayupLayupLayupLayup,LayupLayupLayupLayup,FreeFreeFreeFreeThrowsThrowsThrowsThrows,JumpJumpJumpJumpShotShotShotShot,PassingPassingPassingPassing,StealingStealingStealingStealingPhysicalrequirement:AgilityAgilityAgilityAgility,VisionVisionVisionVisionSGshottingHeistypicallythefinisheroftheteamHehastobeagoodperimetershooterandabletohandletheballadequatelyHeshouldalsobeverycomfortablenearthethreepointareawherelotsofscreeningandpickandroll,giveandgoactionsarehappeningThefactthatMichaelJordanplaystheshootingguardpositionshouldtellushowimportantthispositionisTheyareoftenshorter,leaner,andquickerthanforwards,andarefrequentlycalledupontocreateahighvolumeofshotsonoffenseandguardtheopponent'sbestperimeterplayerondefenseShootingguardsarealsoknownas"guards"(orsimply"'s"),and"offguards",sincetheyplayofftheballonoffenseSometeamsasktheirshootingguardstobringuptheballaswelltheseplayersareknowncolloquiallyas"comboguards"Ashootingguardshouldalsobeagoodballhandlerandbeabletopassreasonablywell,thoughpassingisnottheirmainpriorityitisoftenabonussinceagoodshootingguardwilloftenattractdoubleteams,shootingguardswilloftenbethebackupballhandlertothepointguardMostshootingguardshoweverfocusprimarilyonscoring,allowingthepointguardtoworryaboutdistributingtheballSkillsneeded:DribblingDribblingDribblingDribbling,FadeawayFadeawayFadeawayFadeaway,ReverseReverseReverseReverseLayupLayupLayupLayup,LayupLayupLayupLayup,FreeFreeFreeFreeThrowsThrowsThrowsThrows,JumpJumpJumpJumpShotShotShotShot,ThreeThreeThreeThreePointPointPointPoint,FloaterPhysicalrequirement:AgilityAgilityAgilityAgility,SofttouchAsmallforwardistheallroundplayerVersatileatbothinsideandoutsidetheperimeterIfinsideexpectshelp,hewillmixitupinsideIfoutsidedemandsanextraman,healsocanhandleitwellSupposedlythehardesttoguardinmyopinionTheycandunk,rebound,shoot,andtheyarenottooslowtodrivetothebasketSmallforwardsaretypicallysomewhatshorter,quicker,andleanerthanpowerforwardsandcenters,butonoccasionsarejustastallThesmallforwardpositionisconsideredtobeperhapsthe"doitall"ofthemainfivebasketballpositions,duetothenatureofitsroleMostcurrentNBAsmallforwardsarebetween'"and'"inheightSFSmallforwardsareprimarilyresponsibleforscoringpointsandalsooftenassecondaryorthirdreboundersbehindthePowerforwardsandCentersDuetoitsversatility,thestyleswithwhichsmallforwardsamasstheirpointsvarywidely,assomesmallforwardsareveryaccuratestraightupshooters,whileotherslikeformerpreferedto"banginside",initiateandornotshyawayfromphysicalcontactwithopposingplayersStillothersmanagetousespinspinspinspinmovesmovesmovesmovesanddribblingskillstocreateanopeningforalayupOnecommonthreadbetweenallkindsofsmallforwardsisanabilityto"gettotheline",thatis,tocauseopposingplayerstocommitshootingfoulsagainstthem,asfoulsarefrequentlycalledonthedefensewhenoffensiveplayers"taketheballhard"tothebasket,thatis,aggressivelyattemptpostuppostuppostuppostupplays,layupslayupslayupslayupsTherefore,accuratefoulshootingisanimperativeskillforsmallforwards,manyofwhomrecordalargeportionoftheirpointsfromthefoullineDefenseDefenseDefenseDefenseisoftenamajorpriorityforsmallforwards,whoareoftencountedonusingtheirathleticismandsizeasdefensiveadvantagesManysmallforwardshavebeenexcellentdefensiveplayersincludingcurrentNBAplayerwhoisgenerallyregardedasoneofthebestdefensiveplayersintheNBAtodaySkillsneeded:DribblingDribblingDribblingDribbling,ChangeofPace,UpUpUpUpandandandandUnderUnderUnderUnder,FreeFreeFreeFreeThrowsThrowsThrowsThrows,LayupLayupLayupLayup,ReboundingReboundingReboundingRebounding,SpinSpinSpinSpinMoveMoveMoveMovePhysicalrequirement:AgilityAgilityAgilityAgility,VerticalVerticalVerticalVertical,FootworkFootworkFootworkFootworkPFAnoffensivepowerhouseandviciousrebounderHeshoulddisplaycertaindegreeofagilitynearthepaintareaandabletomakeshortjumperwhentheopportunityarisesMuchliketheCenter,heshouldbeabletofinishupclosePowerforwardsplayarolesimilartothatofcenterTheyplayoffensivelywiththeirbacktothebasketonoffenseoffenseoffenseoffenseandpositionthemselvesdefensivelyunderthebasketinazonedefenseoragainsttheopposingpowerforwardondefensedefensedefensedefenseinmantomandefenseInthepast,powerforwardswereexpectedtohavemoreofanimpactondefenseandreboundingthanthecenter,leavingscoringtootherplayershowever,today,withtheemergenceofskilledpowerforwardslikeChrisWebber,DirkNowitzki,andKevinGarnett,thepowerforwardisaskedtoshouldermoreofascoringroleandsomewhatlessofadefensiverolethanthecenterTypically,apowerforwardisoneofthelargerplayersonthecourt,notastallasthecenterbutmoremuscularTheyareusuallyexpectedtobeaggressivewhenpursuingreboundsreboundsreboundsreboundsandscoremostoftheirpointsonthelowpost,asopposedtotakingjumpjumpjumpjumpshotsshotsshotsshotsfromfartherawayPowerforwardscanbeimposingpresencesondefense,buttheyusuallydefertothecenterintermsofblockingshotsandgeneralintimidationSkillsSkillsSkillsSkillsneeded:needed:needed:needed:Dunk,HookHookHookHookshotshotshotshot,LayupLayupLayupLayup,ReboundingReboundingReboundingRebounding,PowerhopPowerhopPowerhopPowerhop,AlleyhoopAlleyhoopAlleyhoopAlleyhoopPhysicalPhysicalPhysicalPhysicalrequirement:requirement:requirement:requirement:VerticalVerticalVerticalVertical,FootworkFootworkFootworkFootwork,UpperbodyBalanceCHeisthekinginsidethepaintOncenearthehoop,histallandstrongphysiqueshoulddominatetheoppositionHispivotfootmustbestrongAgoodcentermustalsobeabletodrawdefensiveattentionandpasstoopenteammatesPerhapsmoreimportantly,heisthelastandstrongestdefenseinsidethepaintAcentertypicallygrabsmoreblockshotsthananyoneelseintheteamInaddition,alldefensivereboundsarewithinhisresponsibilityInmanycases,thecenter'sprimaryroleissimplytobeverylarge,andtousehissizetoscoreanddefendfromapositionclosetothebasketAcenterwhopossessessizealongwithathleticismandskillconstitutesanunparalleledassetforateamAfewsimpleelegantlysimplepostmaneuverscanbedisastroustotheotherteamBytheway,doremembertopracticeyourfreethrows,oryoustandthechanceofgettinghackedjustlikeShaqSkillsSkillsSkillsSkillsneeded:needed:needed:needed:HookHookHookHookshootshootshootshoot,DropDropDropDropStepsStepsStepsSteps,Pivot,Dunk,FreeFreeFreeFreeThrowsThrowsThrowsThrows,ReboundingReboundingReboundingRebounding,BlockBlockBlockBlockShotShotShotShotPhysicalPhysicalPhysicalPhysicalrequirement:requirement:requirement:requirement:FootworkFootworkFootworkFootwork,Completebodybalance,BodyWeight

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教你打好篮球场上的五个位置:控卫、得分后卫、小前锋、大前锋、中锋

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