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首页 The Grasmere and Alfoxden Journals - 2002 Doroth…

The Grasmere and Alfoxden Journals - 2002 Dorothy Wordsworth - OUP.pdf

The Grasmere and Alfoxden Journ…

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简介:本文档为《The Grasmere and Alfoxden Journals - 2002 Dorothy Wordsworth - OUPpdf》,可适用于工程科技领域

OXFORDWORLD'SCLASSICSDOROTHYWORDSWORTHTheGrasmereandAlfoxdenJournalsEditedwithanIntroductionandNotesbyPAMELAWOOFOXFORDUNIVERSITYPRESSOXFORDUNIVERSITYPRESSGreatClarendonStreet,OxfordxDPOxfordUniversityPressisadepartmentoftheUniversityofOxfordItfurtherstheUniversity'sobjectiveofexcellenceinresearch,scholarship,andeducationbypublishingworldwideinOxfordNewYorkAucklandBangkokBuenosAiresCapeTownChennaiDaresSalaamDelhiHongKongIstanbulKarachiKolkataKualaLumpurMadridMelbourneMexicoCityMumbaiNairobiSaoPauloShanghaiSingaporeTaipeiTokyoTorontoandanassociatedcompanyinBerlinOxfordisaregisteredtrademarkofOxfordUniversityPressintheUKandincertainothercountriesPublishedintheUnitedStatesbyOxfordUniversityPressInc,NewYork(c)PamelaWoofThemoralrightsoftheauthorhavebeenassertedDatabaserightOxfordUniversityPress(maker)TheGrasmereJournalsfirstpublishedinthiseditionTheGrasmereandAlfoxdenJournalsfirstpublishedasanOxfordWorld'sClassicpaperbackAllrightsreservedNopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmitted,inanyformorbyanymeans,withoutthepriorpermissioninwritingofOxfordUniversityPress,orasexpresslypermittedbylaw,orundertermsagreedwiththeappropriatereprographicsrightsorganizationsEnquiriesconcerningreproductionoutsidethescopeoftheaboveshouldbesenttotheRightsDepartment,OxfordUniversityPress,attheaddressaboveYoumustnotcirculatethisbookinanyotherbindingorcoverandyoumustimposethissameconditiononanyacquirerBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataDataavailableLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataDataavailableISBNTypesetinBaskervillebyRefineCatchLimited,Bungay,SuffolkPrintedinEnglandbyClaysLtd,StIvespicACKNOWLEDGEMENTSPeoplehavebeenverykindwhenIhaveaskedthemspecificquestions,andIwouldliketothankparticularly:SusanDenchoftheCumbriaRecordOffice,Carlisle,JimGrisenthwaiteoftheKendalOffice,NaomiEvettsoftheLiverpoolOffice,MalcolmThomasoftheLibraryofFriendsHouse,MrsNeedham,theOldManorHouse,HelmsleyJohnMurdochoftheVictoriaandAlbertMuseum,andPeterWestofPonteland,NorthumberlandJeffCowtonattheWordsworthLibrary,Grasmere,hasbeenentirelyhelpfulinmyfrequentandawkwardneedtohavethemanuscriptsoftheJournalsoutoftheMuseumwheretheyareexhibited,andintheLibraryToGeorgeKirkbyHeadGuideofDoveCottage,IamgratefulforthoseconversationsthatmoveaboutthehouseandgardenwithsuchloveandknowledgeoftheplacesthatIhaveinvariablycomeawayricher,andclosertotheWordsworthsintheirtimethereIamgratefultomyfellowTrusteesoftheWordsworthTrustforallowingmeaccesstothemanuscriptsandforpermissiontopublishMydebttoSallyWoodheadatGrasmereisimmense:shehascopedpromptly,often,andaccuratelywithmyhandwriting,voice,andawordprocessorIhavebeenencouragedbyStephenGillandbyJonathanWordsworthIndeedthewholeprojectbeganwithJonathanWordsworth'ssuggestionthatIprepareacommentaryontheGrasmereJournalsthisgrewintoanedition,andhehasencouragedmeinthelargerprojectKimScottWalwynandFrancesWhistleroftheOxfordUniversityPresshavebeenhelpfulinsuggestions,patientwithproblems,andenthusiasticforDorothyWordsworthToRobertWoofIamofcoursemostindebtedMarriagetoascholarofsuchwideanddeeplearninginsomanyaspectsoftheRomanticperiodhas,Ihope,notfailedtoconferonmesomethingofhisscholarshipHehasrespondedtoallmyquestions,lookedatthemanuscriptswithmewhenIhavenotagreedwithviACKNOWLEDGEMENTSthereadingsofpreviouseditors,suggesteddirectionstome,andpreventedmefrommanyafallintoerrorPSWUniversityofNewcastleuponTyne,IwouldliketoappendtotheaboveAcknowledgementsmythankstoJudithLunaofOxfordUniversityPressforherwillingnesstoaddaneweditionoftheAlfoxdenJournaltothisreprintingofTheGrasmereJournalsintheOxfordWorld'sClassicsseriesThishascausedconsiderablecomplicationandshehasbeenclearsightedandpatientthroughoutPSWCONTENTSIntroductionMoteontheTextsSelectBibliographyAChronologyofDorothyWordsworthMapsTHEGRASMEREJOURNALTHEALFOXDENJOURNALExplanatoryNotesIndexixxxiiXXXxxxivxlvIThispageintentionallyleftblankThispageintentionallyleftblankINTRODUCTIONTheGrasmereJournalIThereissimplynothinglikeitanywhereelseThisJournalcallsouttousdirectlyacrosssometwohundredyears,anditswriterandherworldcomealiveItsometimesmovesinlittlerusheswhendayscanbenotedwithastaccatospeeditsometimesslowsdowntolingeronasinglefigure:abeggarwoman,aleechgatherer,achildcatchinghailstonesatacottagedoor,abowbentpostmanwithhislittlewoodenboxathisback,anoldseamanwithabeardlikegreyplushitsometimesslowstolingeronawholescene:afuneral,orchildrenwiththeirmotherbyafire,oralakeshoreonawindydaywithdaffodils,oramanwithcartsgoingupahillandalittlegirlputtingstonesbehindthewheelsItsometimesalmoststopsastheearcatchesatickingwatch,apagebeingturnedover,andthebreathingofthesilentreaderbythefireandthenitstartsoffagainatagreatpacewiththeplantingandmendingandbakingandwashingandreadingandwritingandwalkingandtalking,alltheweatherandtheworkcrammedintoalittlespaceofwordsDorothyWordsworthhadhertimesfornoticing,remembering,andwriting,andhertimesfordoingTherearenorulesandstructuresfordiarywriting,astherearenotforliving:wetakethefastandslowofitasitcomesAndDorothylivedinamorespaciousfreedomthanmostofusTherewerefewexternalconstraintsonherlifeduringthosethreeyearsoftheGrasmereJournalShehadnojoboutsidethehouse,andnostrictroutineifshewastiredshecouldstayinbedorget'aDrenchofsleep'inthedaysheandWordsworthcouldwaittowalkuntilitwasfine,ornotwalkatall,orbeoutofdoorsalldayTheJournalconveysdirectlytheunpremeditatedrhythmstheyseemcomfortablewithDorothy'snaturetheyreflectherwholeheartedacceptanceoftheexperienceoflivingXINTRODUCTIONTheexperienceGrasmeregaveherwasthatoflivingwithafavouriteelderbrotherinherownhome,herfirstrealhomesinceshewasOnthedeathofhermothertherebeganforDorothyalongseparationfromherbrothersCertainlyshewashappyenoughinHalifax,lookedafterbyhermother'scousin,ElizabethThrelkeld,andwithherbosomfriendJanePollardacrossthewayshewaslesshappyinPenrithathergrandmother'shousebetweentheagesofandalmost,forhergrandmotherwasoften'inaverybadhumour'andDorothywould'sitforwholehourswithoutsayinganythingexceptingthatIhaveanoldshirttomend,then,myGrandmrandIhavetosetourheadstogetherandcontrivethemostnotablewayofdoingit'shewashappieragainatForncettRectory,Norfolk,wherehermother'sbrother,heruncleWilliamGookson,tookher,onhisownmarriageinOctober,fromthenarrowlifeatPenrithtohisnewlivingnearNorwichHereDorothy,atleastuntiltheseveralchildrencame,livedaproperyounglady'slifeprayersatnine(inwinter),thenreading,writing,and,'IamtoimprovemyselfinFrenchtilltwelveo'clock,whenwearetowalkorvisitoursickandpoorneighbourstillthree'DorothywaswithheruncleandhisyoungfamilyuntilthewinterofAfterthatshestayedinvariousplaces:inHalifaxwithElizabethThrelkeld,nowMrsRawsoninNewcastlewithothercousinsofhermother,theMissGriffithsatSockburnwiththeHutchinsonfamily,friendsfromPenrithdaysatRampside,Furness,forafewweeksprobably,withcousinsonherfather'ssideatArmathwaitetovisittheSpeddingfamilyatNewbiggintostaywithherothermaternaluncle,ChristopherbutbestofallatWindyBrow,Keswick,ahousebelongingtoWilliamCalvert,toliveforafewweeksinspringwithherbrotherWilliamThiswasmanagedagain,atRacedown,Dorset,inahouselenttoWordsworthbythePinneybrothersfromlateSeptemberFromhere,inJuly,DorothyandWordsworthwenttoAlfoxdentobenearerColeridgeFromthereallthreewenttoGermany,WordsworthandDorothylivinginlodgingsinGoslar,andColeridgeforthemostpartintheUniversitycityofGottingenOntheirreturn,fromMay,DorothystayedwiththeHutchinsonsatSockburnuntil,onDecember,whenshewasalmost,sheandINTRODUCTIONxiWordsworthmovedintothe'smallhouseatGrasmereempty'andtorentUntilshewasshesawlittleofherownbrothersafterearlychildhood:thereweretheboys'holidaysfromHawksheadschoolduringhermonthsatPenrith,andlaterWordsworthvisitedatForncett,andwasatNewcastleforsomeofDorothy'stimethereButhersenseofdeprivationwasstrongthefamilyhomeinGockermouthwaslosttoherlongbeforeitwaslosttoherbrothers:'forsixyears',shewroteinDecembertoLadyBeaumont,'(theintervalbetweenmyMother'sDeathandhis)Iwasneveronceathome,neverwasforasinglemomentundermyFather'sRoofafterherDeath,whichIcannotthinkofwithoutregretformanycauses,andparticularly,thatIhavebeentherebyputoutofthewayofmanyrecollectionsincommonwithmyBrothers'DorothyseemsnottohavereturnedtoGockermouthevenforherfather'sfuneral,whichtookplacewhenshewasjusttwelveAnyoneofuswiththisbackgroundwouldhavefoundthecomingtoGrasmereanintensedelightThiswasnotalenthouseorafurnishedhouseItwastobethecreationofherownfamily,ofherselfandherbrothersWilliamandJohn,tofurnishastheywished,tomakethegardenhowtheywanteditDorothywritespassionatelyoftheplaceandseemstoliveeverydayinthespiritofWordsworth'spetition,Embracemethen,yeHills,andclosemeinNowintheclearandopendayIfeelYourguardianshipItakeittomyheart(HomeatGrasmere,)WecanunderstandthispassiontofindahomeDorothyhadhaditforyearsWritingwhenshewastoJanePollard,andlookingatthe'smilingprospect'offieldsandwoodsonafinesummer'seveningatForncettinJuly,Dorothynotforthefirsttimeexpressedheryearning,IamalonewhyarenotyouseatedwithmeandmydearWilliamwhyisnotheherealsoIcouldalmostfancythatIseeyoubothnearmeIhavechosenabankwhereIhaveroomtospareforarestingplaceforeachofyouIhearyoupointoutaspotwhere,ifwecoulderectalittlecottageandcallitourownweshouldbethehappiestofhumanbeingsIseemyBrotherfiredwiththeideaofleadinghissistertosucharetreatxiiINTRODUCTIONasFancyeverreadyatourcallhastenstoassistusinpaintingourparlourisinamomentfurnishedourgardenisadornedbymagictherosesandhoneysucklesspringatourcommand,thewoodbehindthehouseliftsatonceitsheadandfurnishesuswithawinter'sshelterandasummer'snoondayshadeItisyouthfulandselfconsciousbuttheintensityisthereBothherbrotherandherfriendrespondedtoit:inthesamelettertoJaneDorothyquotedforherWordsworth'sownwordsofjoyatthethoughtthatheandDorothymightbetogetherforalittletimeatWindyBrow,Ohmydear,dearsisterwithwhattransportshallIagainmeetyou,withwhatraptureshallIagainwearoutthedayinyoursightIassureyousoeagerismydesiretoseeyouthatallobstaclesvanishIseeyouinamomentrunningorratherflyingtomyarmsAndDorothy,lookingforwardtoseeingJaneagain,toldherthatshewould'palpitatewithrapturewhenIoncemorethrowmyselfintoyourarms'DorothyhadmaturedbysevenyearswhenshewrotetheGrasmereJournal,butallthetimethecharacteristicthateveryonefirstnoticedandvaluedwasintensityoffeelingColeridge,shortlyafterhemetherin,recognizedherabsoluteanduncomplicatedstrengthoffeelingandsawitasakindofinnocenceInaletterofJulyhedescribedhermannersas'simple,ardent,impressive'andhequotedhisownlinesonStJoan,IneverymotionhermostinnocentsoulOutbeamssobrightly,thatwhosawwouldsay,GuiltwasathingimpossibleinherWordsworth,ayearlater,July,recordedin'TinternAbbey'hissimilarsenseofDorothy'simpassionedyouthandsinglenessoffeelingHisownresponsesthroughpoliticaldespairattheFrenchRevolution,throughpersonaltroubleatthedilemmaaboutAnnettehadbecomecomplex,chastened,andsubdued,andhesawandwantedtopreserveinDorothythestrongstraightforwardresponsethathadoncebeenhis:inthyvoiceIcatchThelanguageofmyformerheart,andreadMyformerpleasuresintheshootinglightsINTRODUCTIONxiiiOfthywildeyesOh!yetalittlewhileMayIbeholdintheewhatIwasonceOnce,'thesoundingcataracthaunted'Wordsworth'likeapassion'andsoitstillwaswithDorothyHerbackgroundmeantthatthecomingtoGrasmerewasadreammaderealhernaturewassuchthatsherespondedfullytoeveryexperience,andGrasmereinthesummer,thatfirstsummerof,wasnewSheandWordsworthwereyoung,andaltogetheritisnotsurprisingthatthelanguageoftheJournalreflectsmomentsofalmostoverwhelmingfeeling'WelayupontheslopingTurfEarthskyweresolovelythattheymeltedourveryheartsItmademyheartalmostfeellikeavisiontome'(June)Thesentencebeforethis,incidentally,recordstheirsweettalking'aboutthedisposalofourriches'(moneyowedtotheirlongdeadfatherandfinallytobepaid):andDorothywasassuredlyinnocentofmakinganyconnectionbetweenthelovelinessofearthandskyandthepersonalhopesofherselfandherbrothers'Meltingtheheart',orleavingWordsworth'feastinguponsilence'orbeinghardlyabletofinditinherhearttothrowawayabittenapplewhenWordsworthhadgoneawayforafewdaysnoneofthisseemsextravagantinthecontextofDorothyHeremotionallanguageisabsolute:'Iwasoppressedsickatheartforheweariedhimselftodeath'Thisreactionwastonomore(andnoless)thanWordsworth'sdifficultiesinwriting'TheLeechgatherer'inhisownhouseinGrasmereonafineMaymorningThattotalsuccumbingtofeelingontheweddingdaywasinevitable,andDorothyknewitShewroteinlateSeptember,afewdaysbeforethemarriage,toJanePollard(nowJaneMarshall),IhavelonglovedMaryHutchinsonasaSister,andsheisequallyattachedtomethisbeingso,youwillguessthatIlookforwardwithperfecthappinesstothisConnectionbetweenus,but,happyasIam,Ihalfdreadthatconcentrationofalltenderfeelings,past,present,andfuturewhichwillcomeuponmeontheweddingmorningThereneverlivedonearthabetterwomanthanMaryHandIhavenotadoubtbutthatsheisineveryrespectformedtomakeanexcellentwifetomyBrother,andIseemtomyselftohavescarcelyanythinglefttowishforbutthattheweddingwasover,andwehadreachedourhomeonceagainxivINTRODUCTIONShecamethroughtheintensityandtheydidreachtheirhomeonceagain,withMarynowtohelpwiththe'copyingoutItalianpoemsforStuart',toreadChauceraloud,toattendtothebakingofcakes,andtosharethesimpleliving,'IamgoingtotakeTapiocaformysupper,MaryanEgg,Williamsomecoldmutton,hispoorChestistired'IIDorothyevokedthingsandpeople,andletthembeOneofourpleasuresintheJournalstemsfromourbeliefthatthingswereasshesaystheywerethatThomasAshburnerwenttofetchtheirninthcartofcoals,thattheywouldwalkinanevening'firsttothetopofWhiteMoss,thenroundbytheWhiteBridgeupagainbeyondMrOlliff's',thatonenightinthemiddleofMaytherewas,accordingtoMolly,thickiceonajugatthedoor,thatWordsworthatehisbrothlastthingthatmorningwhentheylefttogotoseeMarybeforethejourneytoFranceandtheOctoberwedding,thatDorothybroiledamuttonchoponenightandColeridgeateitinbed,thatamothercouldtripwithalightheartpastthegravesofherfourdeadchildrenWebelieveinMollyFisherandPeggyAshburnerandAggiebecauseDorothycatchestheirlanguage,'AyeMistress',saysMollytoheroneday,'them'at'sLowlaidwouldhavebeenaproudcreaturecouldtheybuthaveseenwhereIisnowfrawhattheythoughtmudbemyDoom'ThechancetravellersontheroadsspeaktheirownwordsandhaveimmediatecrediblelifeWebelieveinthewholevalleyItundoubtedlywasforthetroubledWordsworthandthehomelessDorothyagoldenworldin,butstilltheybothsawthatforthosepeoplewhohadbeenbornintothetinyestatesofthevillageandthehillfarms,itofferednoeasylife,andwebelievethehardeconomicfactsbecausetheyaffectedpeopleDorothyknewThomasAshburnerhadalreadysoldhislandJohnFisherfearedthatotherswouldbe'forcedtosell'BettyTowers,withwhomDorothyhadteainJune,saidthat'sheherhusbandweresotenderintheirhealththattheymustbeobligedtoselltheirland'oldJimJacksonandhiswife,albeitanextravagantwoman'whowouldmaketeaortimesinaday',weresimplygettingthrough'aclearestate'in'eatingINTRODUCTIONXVdrinking'Harshchangescameaboutinthelandscape:'sadravagesinthewoods','slashingawayinBenson'swood'andtherewereharshchangesamongthepeople:Tommy'sfatherdied,Goan'schild,MaryWatson'sson,MrsOlliff'schild,LeonardHolmewhohadayoungfamilytherewasafuneralofapauper,andafuneralprocessionofawomanwhodrownedherselfThiswasnothingspecialDeathmakesitscasualappearanceintheJournalandisthemorebelievableforthatTheBoy'sanswertoJohnFisheristheappropriateone,'Hallo!hasaughtparticularhappened''NaynaughtatawnobbutauldWilly'sdead'(June)AuldWillyhadhadalittleestate,hadsunkintobeinganostleratHawkshead,anddiedacasualpauper'sdeathIIIDorothywasnotwritingforstrangerstoreadshewaswritingforWordsworthonly,to'giveWmPleasurebyit'evenColeridgeseemsnottobethoughtofasareaderofthediaryThisisnotasithadbeenintheAlfoxdentimewhenthethreeweredailytogether,observingandwritinginconstantlysharedexperienceNorwasDorothyconstructingafictionalworld,andsotherewasnoneedtoexplainortoplacelocalpeopleintheircontextHereofcourseisthedifferencebetweentheGrasmereandtheScottishJournal,andthelaterContinentalToursThere,Dorothywasonholidayandhadtoexplaineverythingtoherselfaswellastohernumerousreaders(themanuscriptswerepassedaboutamongfriends)Dorothy,forheronepossiblereaderinGrasmere,couldassumeafamiliaritywiththeplace,andsimplybecausethisknowledgewastotallyassumed,weseemtohaveittoo,andjustifiedornot,whetherweknowordonotknowthevalley,thenamesastheyarerepeatedbecomewellknowntheroadstoRydalandAmblesi

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The Grasmere and Alfoxden Journals - 2002 Dorothy Wordsworth - OUP

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