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首页 广东外语外贸大学03水平考试 有答案

广东外语外贸大学03水平考试 有答案.doc

广东外语外贸大学03水平考试 有答案

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2013-04-17 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《广东外语外贸大学03水平考试 有答案doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

广东外语外贸大学年研究生入学考试英语专业水平考试试题IErrorcorrection()ThefollowingpassagecontainsFIFTEENerrorsEachlinecontainsamaximumofoneerrorIneachcase,onlyonewordisinvolvedYoushouldcorrectitinthefollowingway:Forawrongword,underlinethewrongwordandwritethecorrectoneintheblankprovidedattheendofthelineForamissingword,markthepositionofthemissingwordwitha“A”signandwritethewordyoubelievetobemissingintheblankprovidedattheendofthelineForanunnecessaryword,crossouttheunnecessarywordwithaslash“”andputthewordintheblankprovidedattheendofthelineExampleWhenAartmuseumwantsanewexhibit,anItneverbuysthingsinfinishedformandhangsthemonthewallneverWhenanaturalhistorymuseumwantsanexhibition,itmustoftenbuilditexhibitMemoryprocessesbythatpeopleandotherorganismsencode,store,andretrieveinformationEncodingreferstotheinitialperceptionandregistrationofinformationStorageistheretentionofencodedinformationovertimeRetrievalreferstotheprocessesinvolvedusingstoredinformationWheneverpeoplesuccessfullyrecallaformerexperience,theymusthaveencoded,stored,andretrievedinformationabouttheexperienceConversely,memoryfailure-forexample,forgettinganimportantfactreflectsabreakdowninoneofthesestagesofmemoryMemoryiscriticaltohumansandalllivingorganismsPracticallyallofourdailyactivitiestalking,understanding,reading,socializingdependonourhavinglearnedandstoredinformationaboutourenvironmentsMemoryallowsustoretrieveeventsfromthedistantpastorfrommomentsbeforeItenablesustolearnnewskillsandtoformhabitsWithouttheabilitytoaccesspastexperiencesorinformation,wewouldbeunabletocomprehendlanguage,recognizeourfriendsandfamilymembers,findourwaytohome,oreventieashoeLifewouldbeaseriesofdisconnectedexperiences,eachonenewandunfamiliarWithoutanysortofmemory,humanswillquicklyperishPhilosophers,psychologists,writers,andotherthinkershavelongbeenfascinatedbymemoryThefollowingareamongtheirquestions:HowdoesthebrainstorememoriesWhydopeopleremembersomebitsofinformationbutnotothersCanpeopleimprovetheirmemoriesWhatisthecapacityformemoryMemoryalsoisfrequentlyasubjectofcontroversybecauseofquestionsaboutitsaccuracyAneyewitness’smemoryofacrimecanplayacrucialroleindeterminingasuspect’sguiltorinnocenceHowever,psychologistsagreethatpeopledonotalwaysrecalleventsliketheyactuallyhappened,andsometimespeoplemistakinglyrecalleventsthatneverhappenedMemoryandlearningarecloserelated,andthetermsoftendescriberoughlythesameprocessesThetermlearningisoftenusedtorefertoprocessesinvolvedintheinitialacquisitionorencodingofinformation,butthetermmemorymoreoftenreferstolaterstorageandretrievalofinformationTherefore,thisdistinctionisnothardandfastAboveall,informationislearnedonlywhenitcanberetrievedlater,andretrievalcannotoccurunlessinformationwaslearnedThus,psychologistsoftenrefertothelearningmemoryprocessameansofincorporatingallfacetsofencoding,storage,andretrievalⅡCloze()FillineachblankwiththewordsgivenintheboxEachwordcanbeusedonlyoncedegreewhilevergeoverEvensuchreadyasmajoredefficiencywhenoncewhomfullwhichheldthatthangrowingbecauseZhangLingrecentlyattendedaBeijingjobfairofoptimismShewassureshecouldfindateachingjobatacollege,particularlyatatimeeducationisthelastchoiceformanyuniversitygraduatesButZhang,whoholdsamaster’sfromBeijingNormalUniversity,wasgreetedbysomanyrecruiterssaying“weonlywantmen”shewenttoacorneratthebustlingfair,angryandfrustratedandontheoftearsZhangisnottheonlyfemalewhofeelsfrozenoutofjobmarketsforcollegeseniorsMorehalfofthepostsattheexchangesread“menonly”Evenoccupationsaretraditionallyreservedforwomen,assecretariesandteachers,arebeingtakenbymenWhileChina’shoteconomyisdemandingwelleducatedtalent,bossesaretorejectqualifiedfemaleapplicantsAndtheproblemisworsethisyearOnereasonisthestreamliningofstaffingovernmentandenterprisestoimproveAlso,someemployersarereluctanttohirewomentheythinkthewomencannotgoonbusinesstripsalone,cannotservebusinessrepresentativesabroadandarelesscareermindedtheygetmarriedandhavechildrenLiaoAidong,whointextileengineering,anindustrywhichisnothiringmanypeoplethisyear,saidnoonerespondedtoherapplications,maleclassmatesreadilysecuredjobsinBeijingtextilemillswomenwhograduatewith“hot”degrees,suchascomputerprogrammingandforeignlanguages,havetoswallowtheirpridewhenmenwhodidn’tperformwellinschoolarechosenthembyemployersTheBeijingForeignStudiesUniversityhasgraduatesthisyear,percentofarewomenⅢFillinthefollowingblankswiththeCORRECTFORMortheCORRESPONDINGFORMofthewordsgivenaccordingtotheMEANINGofthesentences()(本题缺几道题)ExampleProlong,refuse,delay,postpone,lengthenIhopetheoftheappointmentwillnotcauseyoumuchinconvenienceThekeyispostponementable,capable,competentGPS(GlobalPositioningSystem)hasbeensuccessfulinclassicalnavigationapplications,andbecauseitsareaccessibleusingsmall,inexpensiveequipment,GPShasalsobeenusedinmanynewapplicationsscar,scratch,bruise,blister,spotIfyouaresocarelessastogoonlongwalksintightfittingshoes,youmustexpecttogetdecay,rot,decompose,disintegrateTheoftheSovietUnionenabledtheBushadministrationtoscalebackdramaticallytheenormousdefensebuildupofthepreviousdecadeignorant,illiterate,uneducated,unlearnedAftertheRussianRevolutiontheSovietgovernmentvirtuallyeliminatedthroughtheestablishmentofvariousinstitutionsandextensionclassesforadultsencourage,motivate,award,stimulateIt’sofgreatimportancethata(n)mechanismshouldbeintroducedtobringtheinitiativeoftheworkersintofullplayinsist,persist,adhere,persevereAsanintellectual,hebestoweduponthegamesofgolfandbridgealltheenthusiasmandthathewithheldfrombooksandideaslikely,possible,probable,plausibleSuchhightemperaturesrestrictthesurfacetoabarrendesertwastelandandruleouttheoflifeonVenuslandscape,scenery,sight,scene,viewThisNationalGeographicarticlediscussesthe,culture,andhistorythatgivetheFrenchregionofProvencesuchadistinctivecharactercombine,partner,unite,allyAsaresultoftheir,thethreesmallindependentcountriesfeltlessafraidoftheirpowerfulneighbourobey,observe,abide,conformHeoftenforgetstodowhathehasbeentoldandisscoldedforbeingⅣReadingComprehension()TextAHiringofGradsIsUp,ButTermsAreToughByShelleyDonaldCoolidgeWithcollegegraduationlessthanamonthaway,thetopiconmanystudents’mindsisthejobmarketThegoodnewsfortheclassofisthathiringisupslightlyforthethirdstraightyearandsoaresalariesButintoday’sleanandmeancorporationculture,wherethepushistodomorewithless,employersstillhavetheupperhandTheproofisinseveraltrendsemergingonthehiringlandscape:EmployersaremoreseriouslyscrutinizingtheskillsofnewgradsInternshipsareoftenaprerequisitetolandinganinterviewSomefirmsarestartingtohiregraduatesonacontractbasis“Employersaregenerallylookingatafewmorenewcollegegradsthantheyhiredayearago,”saysPatrickScheetz,directorofMichiganStateUniversity’sCollegiateEmploymentResearchInstituteinEastLansing“Butthey’renotaggressivelyhiringlargernumbersatallThey’reprettymuchfollowingtheeconomy”Hiringwillbeuppercentfornewgraduates,accordingtotheinstitute’sannualsurvey,andstartingsalariesareexpectedtojumpasmuchaspercentStill,thejobmarketisfarfromreturnedtothedaysofrobusthiringbackinButmanyschoolshaveseenmoreemployersvisitingcampusthisyearTherise,theysay,stemsfromsmalltomidsizedcompanies,notFortuneheavyweightsOncampusrecruitingattheUniversityofVirginiainCharlottesville,forexample,isuptopercentthisyear,saysLarrySimpson,directorofcareerplanningHeattributestheincreasetosmallerfirmsthataren’thouseholdnamesTomanystudents,however,anamestillmeansalot,careercounsellorssay,sostudentstendtoshyawayfromthesmallerfirmsComputerscience,businessmanagement,accounting,andhealthcarecontinuetobehotjobmarkets,whilethesocialsciences,suchascommunicationsandpsychology,aremorecompetitiveMelissachin,forexample,asenioratBostonUniversity,decidedtomajorinaccountingbecauseitwas“practical”Fouryearslater,it’spaidoff:Shehasseveraljoboffers“Themdoesseemtobebetterjobavailabilityinaccountingthanotherareas,”saysMsChin,swingingherbackpackoverhershoulderFortheclassof,thejobmarketis​​​​​​Astilltheemployers’marketwheretheyhaveupperhandBupandrobustCdownslightlyforthethirdstraightyearDupgreatlyforthethirdstraightyearoftenaprerequisitetolandinganinterviewASkillsofnewgradsareBInternshipsareCWillingnesstoacceptcontractbasisisDEmployees’interestiscompaniesarevisitingcampusandhiringgradsAHeavyweightBFortuneCSmalltomidsizedDLargeThepresentjobmarketAisexpectedtoreachtherateofhiringashighasthatinBisexpectedtojumpasmuchaspercentinhiringofnewgraduatesCisfarfromobtainingtherateofhiringinDreachesahigherrateofhiringthaninismorecompetitiveinthejobmarketAComputerscienceBBusinessmanagementCPsychologyDAccountingTextBMoreJudgesSay“Cut!”toCamerasinCourtByRobertMarquandThecameramaynotlieButanincreasingnumberofjuristsfromCaliforniatoMassachusettsnowarguetelevisioncamerashavebecomeanobstructionofjusticeinthecourtroom,andshouldberemovedIntheelectricaftermathoftheOJSimpsoncaselastNovember,manylawyersandjudgesarguedthatthebenefitsofcamerasinthecourtroom,suchascivicparticipationandeducationalvalue,havebeeneclipsedbythepotentialforunfairnessincelebritytrialsHoursaftertheSimpsonverdict,CaliforniaGovPeteWilsoncalledfortheremovalofcamerasinthestatecriminalcourtsOnJan,aCaliforniajudicialcouncilthesamebodythatusheredincourtroomcamerasinheardargumentsaboutendingthepracticeorchangingtherulesthatallowthebroadcasts“Itistimeforthejudiciarytodeclarethatwearenotpartoftheentertainmentindustry,”saidLosAngelesSuperiorCourtJudgeMaryAnnMurphy,speakingonbehalfofagroupofindependentjudgesCourtroomdramathatisbroadcastlivecertainlyhasrivetedAmericansincelebritytrialssuchasthoseofMrSimpsonandWilliamKennedySmithandforbizarrecrimeslikethoseoftheMenendezbrothers,LorenaBobbit,orNewHampshireteacherPamelaSmart,whoconspiredwithherhighschoolstudentlovertomurderherhusbandCurrently,statesallowcamerasinthecourtsTheanticamerajurists,however,wanttolimitthebroadcastsordisallowthementirely,asisthecaseinfederalcourtsInMassachusetts,falloutfromtheSimpsontrialwasfeltimmediatelyAnEssexCountyjudgebarredCourtTVfromtelevisingtheretrialofamanfoundguiltyofmurderinghiswife,thenstealingaplaneandstrafingthecityofBostonwithahandgunCurrently,lawyersforJohnSalvi,themanaccusedofmurderingseveralemployeesintwoabortionclinicsinBrooklineoneyearago,sayMrSalvicannotgetafairtrialifthesameatmospheresurroundshisclientassurroundedtheSimpsontrialJurorsgetdistracted,andbroadcasterstrytooutsensationalizedeachother,saysMrSalvi’slawyer,JWCarneyIntheCaliforniacase,newsorganizationsarguedthateliminatingcameraswouldrestrictthepublic’srighttoknow“FlamboyantlawyerslikeJohnnieCochraneandFLeeBaileybehavethesamewaywithorwithoutcameras,”saysWilliamBennettTurner,LawyerfortheSocietyofProfessionalJournalistsSomeexpertsarguetheSimpsontrial,withitslength,itsHollywoodlocaleandits“star”witnessessuchasKatoKaelin,shouldnotbeusedasatypicalexampleortestcaseOfrecentstudiesoftheeffectofcamerasonjurors,judgesandwitnesses,concludedthatthecameradidnotpresetasignificantproblemshouldnotbeallowedinthecourtroomATelevisioncamerasmaylieandBJuristsdon’tliketelevisioncamerasandsaytheyCMoreandmorejudgessaytelevisioncamerasinfluencethetrialsandDAdecreasingnumberofjuristsnowarguethattelevisioncamerascourtroomdramasintheUnitedStatesACelebritytrialsbecomeBPamelaSmartandherloverdominatedCAllmurdertrialsbecomeDAmericanshavenointerestinMoststatesintheUSAallowcamerasinthecourtBwanttolimitthebroadcastsCdonotbroadcasttrialsDdisallowcamerasentirelyinthecourtarguethatthepublichastherighttoknowthetrialsALawyersBNewsorganizationsCJuristsDWitnessesStudiesindicatedthatcamerasproblemsintrialsApresentedabigBpresentednoCpresentlittleDmightpresentsomeTextCThePoetsandtheHousewifeAdaptedfromMartinArmstrongOnceuponatime,onasummer’sday,twopoets,havingshutupshop,wentoutintothecountrytocollectcopy,fortheirstockofthiscommoditywasexhaustedAndastheyjourneyed,pokingaboutwiththeirwalkingsticksaftertheprecioussubstanceoftheirquest,theregatheredovertheirheadsthedevilofastormAndatthepropermomentthestormburstandtheraincamedownandthepoetsleftoffseekingcopyandhuddledunderahawthorntreeAndtheyappearedastwoproudexoticbirds,lighteddownfromtheLordknowswhereAndtherewasalodgenearthehawthomtree,andthelodgekeeper’swifelookedoutand,seeingthetwo,sheexclaimed:“Lord,lookwhatthewetbringsout!”AndtherainincreasedfearfullyAndafterawhileshelookedoutagainandthepoetswerechanged,fortheirbloomwasimpaired,therainhadclottedtheirhair,andthescarletcravatoftheonehadbecomecrimsonfromsaturationAndraindrippedfromalltheirextremitiesAndthewomanwasgrievedforthemandcalledout:“Youngmen,willyounotcomeinWhyplaytheheronwhostandslugubriouswithhisfeetincoldwaterwhenitisopentoyoutobecomeassparrowstwitteringwithgladnessbeneaththeeaves”Buttheybowedpolitelyandreplied:“Thanksawfully,ma’am,butwearepoetsandwelikeit”Andshewasriledandsneeredatthem,remarking:“Theyhavecertainlyhadadroptoomuch”Butthey,smilingdeprecatinglyuponher,responded:“Madamyouarepleasedtobedry”“Andyou,”quothshe,“arepleasetobewet”Andsheslammedtothewindow,castinguphereyesandinquiringrhetorically,“Didyouever”and“Whatnext”Andtheraincamedownlikehell,leapingafoothighandsousingallthingsAndafteranotherwhile,thewomanlookedoutagain,andthetwohadgatheredcloseraboutthetrunkofthehawthorntree,andtheirbeaksweredownandtheywereunbelievablydisheveledAndsheshoutedtothemagain,forshewasacharitablewoman,saying:“Omiserablegentlemen,inthenameofcivilizationandcommonsense,comeinside”Buttheydarednotturntheirfacestoher,lestthewatershouldrundowntheirnecks:so,revolvingthemselvesallofapiece,theyreplied:“Renewedthanks,ma’am,butweareverywell,forweareacquiringcopy”AndtheycoweredunderthedelugewithgreatearnestnessofpurposeButthelodgekeeper’swifedidnotunderstandthewordcopy,sothatshewasamazedbeyondmeasureandthepowerofcommentwastakenfromherAndthestorm,havingstormeditselfout,abated:andtheplacewasbathedindelicioussmellsofbreathingleaves,andthewarmsweetnessofhawthornperfumedtheairAndthewomanlookedoutfromthewindowafourthandlasttime,andthepoetswereintheactofdepartureAndthetragedyoftheirappearancewasbeyondallcomparingForthescarletofthecravatofonehadrundownintothebosomofhisshirt,sothathewas,asitwere,arobinredbreastAndbothweresoakedtotheuttermostAndwhenthosepoetswerereturnedhome,theonefoundthathehadlostashirtandtheotherthathehadgainedacoldThereforetheonewentoutandboughtanewshirtatsevenandsixanddearatthat,andtheothergothimselfashillingbottleofAmmoniatedQuininewhichwastolerablycheapconsideringAndtheonewroteanodecalledMidsummerStormforwhichheobtainedfiveguineas,sothat(deductingfourpenceforstampsandsevenandsixfortheshirt)hisnetprofitwasnineteenandeightpenceButtheothercouldonlymanageaoneguineasonnetcalledRainAmongLeaves,sothat(deductingfourpenceforstampsandashillingforthequinine)hisnetprofitwasfourpoundsseventeenandtwopenceThusthetwoacquiredgreatstoreofcopy(more,indeed,thantheybargainedfor)andthesumoffivepoundssixteenshillingsandtenpencethrowninButthewifeofthelodgekeeperknewnothingofallthis,sothatshestillbelieves,likemanyanotherillinformedperson,thatpoetsarenothingmorethanunpracticaldreamersThemeaningofthewordcopyisApoeticbookBpoeticmaterialCpoeticadditionDpoeticcopyThephrasepokingaboutinthethirdparagraphmeansAdiggingaboutBtouchingaboutCfindingaboutDidlingaboutInthesentence“Whyplaytheheronwhostandslugubriouswithhisfeetincoldwaterwhenitisopentoyoutobecomeassparrowstwitteringwithgladnessbeneaththeeaves”thewomanusesAsimilesBmetaphorsCsymbolsDhyperboleThisstoryrevealsthatthetwopoetsareApracticalBunpracticalCcleverDabnormalInthestory,theimpliedauthor’stoneisAironical

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广东外语外贸大学03水平考试 有答案

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