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首页 中学英语常用短语及句型归纳

中学英语常用短语及句型归纳.pdf

中学英语常用短语及句型归纳

套牢的散户
2013-04-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中学英语常用短语及句型归纳pdf》,可适用于初中教育领域

让更多的孩子得到更好的教育地址:西宁市昆仑路号(西宁市十二中学校门东隔壁三楼)高考英语一轮专题复习精品学案――中学英语常用短语及句型归纳(大约个).高考高频动词短语()act短语:actas担任……职务起……作用actfor代理(某人职务)代为(处理某事)actout表演(对话、故事等)actup捣乱出毛病例如:IactedasaninterpreterwhileIwasinXiamenMrBlackisactingfortheoldmaninhiscase(布莱克先生代那个老人处理他的案件。)ThechildrenwereactingoutthestoryofthebirthofJesusHe’satoughkidandheactsupalot()break短语:breakaway摆脱脱离breakawayfrom…脱离……奋力挣脱……breakdown出故障坏掉中止累垮分解breakin打断插话闯入强行进入breakinto…闯入……破门而入break(sth)off(使某物)折断中断某事物突然停止breakout(战争、火灾)突然发生爆发breakoutintears突然大哭breaktherule违反规定breakthrough突围冲跨breakup分解分裂拆散碎开例如:Thethiefbrokeawayfromthepolice,butwaslatercaughtIfyoukeeponworkinglikethat,you’llbreakdownsoonerorlaterThecarbrokedownjustonmywayhereIfanyonetriestobreakin,thealarmwillgooffIfanyonetriestobreakintothebuilding,thealarmwillgooffShebrokeoffabitofbreadanddippeditinthesoupIbrokeofftheconversationandansweredthephoneDoeseveryoneknowwhattodoifafirebreaksoutItmaytakealongtimetobreakthroughtheproblemInspringtheicebergsbegintobreakup()bring短语:bringabout引起导致使发生bringalong把……带来领来bringback拿回来使恢复bringsbback送回某人bringsthsbbacktolife使……生动活泼使……苏醒(比较:sthsbcomebacktolife复苏苏醒)bringdown使……降低减少使……倒下使……落下bringdownup(theprice)降价/提价比较:(theprice)godownup价格下降上涨bringin引进(技术)赚钱带来(收入)吸收bringon发展引起导致使前进bringout拿出出版生产揭露阐明使表现出bringto使苏醒让更多的孩子得到更好的教育地址:西宁市昆仑路号(西宁市十二中学校门东隔壁三楼)bring…touse=put…touse对……加以利用bringcarrysthtointoeffect实施……(比较:sthcomegointoeffect开始实施)bringup抚养培养哺育例如:AhugeamountofenvironmentaldamagehasbeenbroughtaboutbythedestructionoftherainforestsYou’rewelcometobringalongafriendThegovernmenthopesthesemeasureswillhelptobringdowninflation(通货膨胀)Americancountrymusicbringsinmorethan$billioneachyearThisnewkindoftechnologywasbroughtinintheearlysStresscanbringon(=leadtoresultin)headachesandotherillnessesJennyopenedthecupboardandbroughtoutacoupleofbottlesHewasbroughtupbyhisgrandparents()call短语:callat(sp)访问(某地)拜访(某地)比较:callon(sb)拜访(某人)访问(某人)callback回电话callfor提倡号召要求需要去接某人接走某人callshoutforhelp呼救callin请来召集来访打电话calloff取消callonupon号召callout大声呼喊叫喊callsb…forshort简称某人……callsbnames谩骂某人callup给……打电话使人想起号召例如:WecalledatMike’shouseyesterdayAllshipssailingontheoceanscallforhelpbyradioinEnglishI’llcallformyuncleatBeijingRailwayStationLet’scallinadoctorforthelittlegirlManyofthesesongscalledonupontheworkerstotakeupthestruggleIshallcallonhimtomorrowIheardsomebodycallingouttomefromdownstairsCallmeuptomorrowmynumberisYourlettercallsupthedayswhenweworkedtogetherfifteenyearsagoDuetothebadweather,thesportsmeetinghasbeencalledoff()come短语:comeabout发生产生comeacross偶然相遇comealong来随同进展加油comeat…向……袭击comeback回来想起来复活comedown下来下落传下comedownto…到达从一处来到另一处comefor…来拿来取comefrom…来自出生于comein进来进入comeintobeing形成产生comeintouse使用起来comeoff脱落从……离开comeon过来跟我来加油来吧赶快comeonuponsbsth偶然遇见偶然碰上偶然发现comeout露出出来出现出版发(芽)(花)开comeoverto…过来顺便来访从一个地方来到另一个地方让更多的孩子得到更好的教育地址:西宁市昆仑路号(西宁市十二中学校门东隔壁三楼)comeroundaround(非正式)来访串门cometo…来到出现提及达到共计结果是苏醒cometoanend结束终止cometoknow逐渐地知道cometolife(变得)活泼苏醒过来cometolight显露为人所知cometooneself苏醒过来恢复知觉cometointopower当权上台comegotoruin=fallintoruin变成废墟cometotermswith…甘心忍受cometrue变为现实成为事实comeup被提出上来走来上升抬头长出来comeuptosb朝某人走来comeupwith…提出想出(主意)找出(答案)赶上例如:AnumberofeducationalreformshavecomeaboutasaresultofthereportIcameacrossanoldfriendofmineinthestreettheotherdayYourEnglishiscomingalongreallywellComealongon!Don’tgiveupyet!Comealongon!We’reallwaitingforyou!Suddenly,hecameatmewithaknifeNow,let’scomebacktowhatIwassayingamomentagoItisimpossibleforadeadanimaltocomebackSnowwascomingdownsothicklythatIcouldhardlyseethroughthewindowTheairplanecamedowninthatfieldWheredoesthefilmstarcomefrom,doyouknowMrSmithcameininahurry,bookinhand(=withabookinhishand)ThelawfirstcameintobeinginBythetimehecametointopowerin,hewasalreadyseventyHowlongisitsincetheelectroniccomputercameintouseThebuttoncameoff,buthedidn’tnoticeitThereisnodoubtthatthetruthwillcomeoutonedayThetreesturngreenandflowerscomeoutThismagazinecomesoutonceamonthWhydon’tyoucomearoundroundforlunchSomedayyou’llcometoknowthemistakesyouhavemadeIftheydon’tcometoadecisionbymidnight,thetalkswillbeabandonedI’veforgottenhername,butmaybeit’llcometomelaterThebillcameto£intotalHisdreamofbecomingafilmstarcametrueatlastAchildcameuptomeandshowedmethewayThesameproblemscameupatthemeetingyesterdayTheycameupwiththesameproblemsatthemeetingyesterdaySearchingthroughthedrawer,IcameupontheletterI’dbeenlookingfor()cut短语:cutaway切除剪去cutdown砍倒砍下削减cutin插嘴加塞插入cutinline插队cut…intopieceshalves把……切成碎片切成两半让更多的孩子得到更好的教育地址:西宁市昆仑路号(西宁市十二中学校门东隔壁三楼)cutoff切断(线路)中断(供应)cutout删除剪下来cutthecostof…降低……的成本cutup切碎剪碎剁碎齐根切掉例如:Hecutawaysomebranches,makingitlookmorebeautifulAlotoftreestherewerecutdowninthepastTheelectricitywascutoffbecauseofthestormHewassentencedtodeathandhadhisheadcutoffthenextdayCouldyoucutthepizzaup,please()do短语:doabout处理应付doanddon’t要与不要doagooddeed做一件好事doalotofwalking走很多路doatest做实验做化验doawordpuzzle猜字谜doanexperimentexperiments做实验doawaywith废除dobodybuilding做健身操dochores处理琐事干家务dohousework做家务活domakeup化妆打扮doobservations观察doone’sbest尽某人最大努力doone’shomework做作业doresearchon…从事……研究工作dosbafavour帮某人一个忙dosbhonor=dohonortosb礼遇某人对某人表示敬意dosbthefavourtodosth帮某人一个忙做某事dosomereading读书阅读看点书dosomeshopping=goshopping购物买东西dosports=haveplaysports=takeexercise进行体育运动做运动进行锻炼dosthinturnbyturns=taketurnstodosthindoingsth轮流做某事dotelephoneinterviews进行电话采访dothelaundry洗衣服doup打扮梳妆收拾把(衣服鞋子等)扣系好doupone’sshoeshair系好鞋带梳好头doupthebutton扣纽扣dowellbetterin…在……方面干得好更好dowith处理处置对付dowrong做坏事做错事(比较:doright=dotherightthing做得对)例如:Totellthetruth,Idon’tknowhowtodowithhimI’llhavenothingtodowithhimfromnowonWhatdidyoudowiththatcamerayoufoundThepoisonouswastemaydogreatharmtothethingsaroundusEatmorefruititwilldogoodtoyouIthinkIcandobetterinEnglishthisyearthanlastyearLisztsaid,“You’vedonewrong,butIcanseeyouaretrulysorryaboutit”I’mgoingtodomybestthisyearIwasonlytryingtodoagooddeed()get短语:getabetterunderstandingofChina更好地了解中国让更多的孩子得到更好的教育地址:西宁市昆仑路号(西宁市十二中学校门东隔壁三楼)getafullmarkfullmarks得满分getalotofsatisfaction得到满足getat意指本意是getaround=getabout四处走动活动getaway移走拿走逃脱逃离getawayfrom逃脱逃离getback回来回家取回找回退还getcloseto接近getdown下来降下getdownonone’sknees跪下getdownto(doing)sth开始(做)某事)getin进入收获达到getinaword插话getinto…进入……getsbinto…使某人陷入getit接(电话)应(门)理解懂得getoff下车脱下(衣服等)geton上车过活getonalongwith…进展与……相处getonone’sfeet(艰难地)站立起来getout离开出去getoutof逃避避免getover克服恢复原谅getup起床起身getacross理解度过getthrough接通(电话)完成(工作)通过(考试)getto到达抵达gettosleep入睡设法睡着getgaintakepossessionof占有拥有占领getreadyfor为……做准备(比较:bereadyfor=bewellpreparedfor=beinpreparationfor为……做好了准备)getridof除掉去掉getsbtodo让某人做gettheideafor…想到……的主意getthemessageacross传播信息gettogether相聚碰头联欢getbeusedtosth习惯于……适应于……(比较:beusedassth被用作……beusedforsth被用于……用来做……beusedtodosth被用于做……usedtodosth过去常常做)getbedressed穿衣服getbeengaged(tosb)(与某人)订婚getbelost丢失了迷路getbemarried(tosb)=marry(sb)(与某人)结婚getbestuck陷进去被困住被难住遇到困难getbetiredof对……感到厌倦对……失去兴趣(比较:getbetiredfor因……而感到疲倦)例如:I’mgettingonwellwithmyclassmatesnowHowareyougettingalongwithyourEnglishHegotthebookawayfromherThebankrobbersusedastolencartogetawayWhendidyougetbackfromthecountrysideHaveyougotbackthebookyoulenthim“Getdownonyourknees,”saidtheGenie,“forIamgoingtokillyou”ThedusthasgotintomyeyesThismistakemaygethimintodifficultiesBeforeIcouldgetinawordhehadmeasuredme,andwasgivingordersforeveningsuits让更多的孩子得到更好的教育地址:西宁市昆仑路号(西宁市十二中学校门东隔壁三楼)Ifyouknockintosomeone,orgetintohisway,youshouldsay,“Excuseme”or“I’msorry”WhenyouareinLondon,youmightgetintouchwithafriendofmineTheconductorgotoffandcheckedtherailsShegotonherbicycleandcycledoffYouworktoohard!YoushouldgetoutabitmoreIfyoudon’twanttogo,IsupposeIcangetridoftheticketWealltrytogettogetheratleastonceayearatChristmastimeIttookusonlyfourminutestogetthroughtheCustoms(海关)Itelephonedhim,butIjustcouldn’tgetthroughtohimShefeltsocoldthatshegotclosetohermotherIt’stimewegotdowntoworkThetheatrewasalreadyfull,andwecouldn’tgetinThepeasantsarebusygettinginthecropsWedidn’tgetupuntillunchtimeHegotupandwalkedovertothewindow()give短语:giveaway赠送给予背弃泄露分发giveback归还送回givein投降让步屈服giveoff释放发出放出(烟、光、热等)giveout用完耗尽分发发放giveover=handover转交移交giveup放弃辞去giveaconcert开音乐会giveadescriptionof…描述……givemakeaspeech演讲讲话giveatalk演讲做报告givebirthto生婴儿生产造成givecloseattentionto密切关注givemedicalcaretosb对某人进行治疗giveshadeinsummer夏天时遮阳givelendsbahand给某人帮助givesbamessage=giveamessagetosb给某人捎个口信givesbasecondlook再看某人一眼givesbawarmwelcome热烈欢迎某人givesbsomeadviceonsthdoingsthhowtodosth就……向某人提出建议忠告例如:Inthosedays,heusedtogiveawayapartofhisincometohelphisfriendRemembernottogiveitawaytoanyoneelseit’sasecretBothsidesarguedwithreason,andneitherwouldgiveinIftheyareburned,theywillgiveoffpoisonousgasesWhentheymadereadytoclimbthenextridge(山脊),theyfoundthattheiroxygenhadgivenoutOurEnglishteacherisgivingoutthetestpapersBoththemanandthehorsegaveoutafterthelongrideAllhopeoffindingthemissingaircraftwasgivenupandthesearchstoppedMaryhadtogiveupherjobafterhermarriageMrBlackwillgiveusatalkonhowtolearnEnglishwellthisafternoonCouldyougiveussomeadviceonreadingIfyouwon’thaveitchanged,pleasegivemymoneyback()go短语:goabroad出国goabout四处走走开始做着手干让更多的孩子得到更好的教育地址:西宁市昆仑路号(西宁市十二中学校门东隔壁三楼)goaboutfromhousetohouse挨逐家拜访goagainst违反违背goahead说吧干吧领先走在前面gowalkaround四处走走goaway走开离去goback回去gobeyond超越goby走过经过(时间)消逝过去godown下来落下倒下godownonone’sknees跪下gofor为……去努力获取主张适用于goforahike=gohiking去徒步旅行goforajobinterview去面试找工作goforawalkwalks散步goforsb对某人也一样goinfor参加喜欢gointo详细调查gointodetails细说gooff走开离去(闹钟)闹响gooffto=beoffto=leavefor动身去goofftheair停止广播(比较:goontheair开始广播)goon发生进行继续gobeondiet在节食goon(a)holiday去度假goonatourto去……观光(游览)goonavisitto去……访问(参观)goondoingsth继续做某事(同一事)比较:goontodosth继续做某事(另一事)goonwithsth继续某事goout熄灭出去外出goover复习过一遍仔细检查审阅gopast从……的旁边过去goup上升上涨增长攀登gowith…与……相配gowithout忍受没有……之苦没有……也行没有……也能勉强应付goshoppingfishingsailingcampingskating去购物钓鱼驾船航行宿营滑冰gostraightalong沿着……一直往前走gothrough通过经受浏览仔细检查gothroughwith完成gotobed(上床)睡觉gotoschoolwork上学上班gotosea当水手gotosleep入睡gototown进城gotoamovie去看电影gotothecountry(side)下乡gohomethere回家去那儿gotoseeadoctor去看病去看医生gobad变坏gowrong出毛病不对头做错事误入歧途goDutch各付各的帐平摊费用例如:NoonedaredtogoagainsttherulesDoyoumindifIopenthewindowDoyoumindmyopeningthewindowNo,goaheadIwentawayoffwonderingifI’dsaidanythingwrongI’mafraidthefishhasgonebadThingswillgeteasierastimegoesbyHewentbyquickly,takingnonoticeofusIfyoureallywantthejob,goforit!CloseallthedoorsandlockthemwhenyougooutThesamegoesforwindowsIgoinforallthecompetitionsAfterashortpause,Mariawentonwithherstory让更多的孩子得到更好的教育地址:西宁市昆仑路号(西宁市十二中学校门东隔壁三楼)SuddenlythecandlewentoutOnceagainIwentoverexactlywhatIneededtosayLet’sgooverwhatwelearnedlastperiodDoyouwantmetogothroughthisandcheckyourspellingsUnemploymentinthatcountryhasgoneupbyamillionItispossibletogowithoutfoodforafewdaysSomething’sgonewrongwithmywatchImusthaveitrepaired()have短语:haveabreak休息一下haveabrightfuture有一个灿烂的未来have(got)acoldcoughheadachefever感冒咳嗽头疼发烧haveaconversationwithsb与某人交谈比较:haveadialoguewithsb与某人对话haveatalkwithsb(aboutsth)(就某事)与某人进行交流haveawordwithsb=wouldlikeawordwithsb和某人谈几句跟某人说句话haveagiftfor…对……有天赋(比较:haveareputationfor…有……名誉名声)haveagoodflight(坐飞机)旅途愉快haveagoodknowledgeof…对……很熟悉通晓……haveagoodlaughover…对……笑了个够haveagoodgreatwonderfultime=have(great)fun玩得(非常)高兴过得愉快haveathehabitof…=beinathehabitof…有……的习惯(比较:getintoformthehabitof…养成……的习惯getsbintothehabitof…使某人养成……的习惯)haveahit风靡一时havealargepopulation人口众多havetakealook看一看haveameetingparty开会举行晚会haveanicepleasanttripjourney祝旅途愉快have(got)apain(inthe…)(身体某部位)痛haveaparttimejob做兼职工作havea(good)rest休息havetakeaseat坐下(比较:havetakeone’sseat坐某人的座位)haveastomachache胃疼肚子疼haveasweettooth喜欢吃甜食haveaswim游泳haveatabletennismatch举行一场乒乓球比赛haveatest进行测验haveatry试一试haveshowanappetitefor…有……的欲望或爱好havemakeanappointmentwithsb和某人有预约,和某人有约定haveaneffectonupon…对……有影响对……产生作用(比较:influence…=affect…对……有影响havenoeffectinfluenceon…对……没有影响haveagoodbadeffecton…对……有好坏影响haveagreatlittleeffecton…对……有很大的影响影响不大haveastronginfluenceon…对……有很大影响)havetakeanexam参加考试haveaneyefor有眼力有眼光haveanincomeof…有……的收入haveaccessto…使用(接近……的)权利或机会havebreakfastlunchsupper吃早饭午饭晚饭havelessonsclasses上课让更多的孩子得到更好的教育地址:西宁市昆仑路号(西宁市十二中学校门东隔壁三楼)havemercyon…宽恕……对……仁慈对……表示怜悯havenochanceofsurviving没有生存的可能性havenochoicebuttodosth别无选择只好做某事havenoneof…根本不理睬……haveon穿着havesthonsb某人身上带着某物havetakeone’smedicine服药吃药havesomedifficultytroubleproblemswith…在……有困难麻烦事比较:havesomedifficultytroubleproblems(in)doingsth做某事有困难麻烦havesomethingnothingincommon(with…)(与……)有共同点/没有共同之处(比较:havemuchalotincommonwith…与……有许多相同之处havelittleincommonwith…与……几乎没有相同之处)havesomethingnothingtodowith…与……有关/无关haveto=havegotto不得不必须例如:ClassisoverLet’shaveabreakI’vegotacoughDadandIhadagoodlaughoverthatTheyarehavingagoodtimeHestoppedtohavealookWearegoingtohaveatabletennismatchtomorrowafternoonArewegoingtohaveameetingthisweekHereisatreeLetmehavearestAreyougoingtohaveaswim?We’llhaveatesttomorrowWhereisPeterIwanttohaveawordwithhimDoesshehavelunchathome?ThenithasnochoicebuttoliedownandsleepHeknewabouttheorder,heknewwhythesoldierswerethere,buthewouldhavenoneofitWehavefourlessonsinthemorningandtwointheafternoonMostofhisquestionshavenothingtodowithhislessonsInoticedthathehadonbedroomslippersPleasecomehereandhavemyseat,GrannyHehasn’thadanymedicineAtthreefiftyintheafternoonwehavesports()hold短语:holdameetingparty开会举行晚会holdback退缩踌躇阻挡控制住holdone’sbreath屏息不出气holdon等一等不要挂电话holdonto抓住保住holdout伸出坚持下去维持holdup阻挡使停顿举起拿起阻滞holdtogether连在一起团结一致例如:AngerfloodedthroughherShecouldn’tholditbackCouldIspeaktoMrSmithHoldon,pleaseThelittleboyheldouthishandsIthinkwatersupplieswon’tholdoutmuchlonger让更多的孩子得到更好的教育地址:西宁市昆仑路号(西宁市十二中学校门东隔壁三楼)Sorry,I’mlateIwasheldupatwork()keep短语:keepawayfrom避开别靠近keepback隐瞒忍住阻止……向前留下keepdown控制keepoff勿踏勿踩keepoffsbsth不接触或不接近某人某事物keepon继续进行keepout不得入内keep…out把……挡住把……留在外面keepoutof…不进入……keepup继续保持坚持使(情绪等)不低落keepupwith…=catchupwith…跟上赶上keepadate赴约keepahealthydiet保持健康的饮食keeparecordrecords保持记录keepaneyeon注视留心注意照顾(比较:keepaneyeoutfor注视留心注意)keepbusydoing忙着做某事keepfit保持健康keep…inmind=learn…byheart=remember…把……记住keep(on)doingsth继续不停地做某事比较:keepsbdoingsth使某人一直继续做某事keep…fromdoing阻止……做不让……做stopprevent…(from)doing妨碍预防阻止……做不让……做keepone’sappointment守约(比较:breakone’sappointment违约)keepone’sbalance保持平衡keepone’sword(s)遵守诺言keepsafe保持安全keepsilentover…对……保持沉默keepthesamelook保持原貌keepwatch保持警戒站岗例如:Iwouldhavebeenheresooner,buttherainstormkeptmebackEveryweektherewasarebellion(造反)somewhere,andtheAustriansoldierswerekeptbusyhurryingfromonetowntoanotherinordertoputdowntherebellionsWhileLeonovwasoutsidetheship,hekeptintouchbytelephonewithhiscompanionandwiththeearthHekeptontellingusthes

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