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首页 美国文学考试重点总结

美国文学考试重点总结.doc

美国文学考试重点总结

对不起丶我学不会放
2019-01-25 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《美国文学考试重点总结doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

Realism、Itaimsattheinterpretationofactualitiesofanyaspectoflife,freefromsubjectiveprejudice,idealism,orromanticcolor、Majorfeatures:(Familiaraspectsofcontemporaryandeverydaylifearerepresentedina)straightforwardormatteroffactmannerCharactersfromallsociallevels社会阶层OpenendingFocusoncommonnessofthelivesofthecommonpeopleobjectivity客观itpresentsmoralvisionsAmericanrealisticauthors、BretHarte:thefirstAmericanwriteroflocalcolor、WilliamDeanHowells:thearbiterofAmericanrealismholdsthattruthisthehighestbeauty、HenryJamesinsistedthatartmustberelatedtolife、HenryJamesMarkTwain:thegreatestofAmericanrealists、SamuelLanghorneClemens:Americanwriterandhumorist,whosebestworkischaracterizedbybroad,oftenirreverenthumororbitingsocialsatire(无礼的幽默和尖锐的社会讽刺)Twain'swritingisalsoknownforrealismofplaceandlanguage,memorablecharacters,andhatredofhypocrisyandoppression(憎恨虚伪和压迫)、MarkTwain'sworkduringthesandthesismarkedbygrowingpessimismandbitterness(不断增长的悲观和痛苦)Majorworks:TheGildedAge镀金时代(第一部长篇小说):ATaleofToday()TheTragedyofPudd'nheadWilson()TheAdventuresofTomSawyer()TheAdventuresofHuckleberryFinn()《哈克贝里·费恩历险记》Travelfiction:TheInnocentsAbroad(orTheNewPilgrim’sProgress)()《傻子国外旅行记》RoughingIt()艰难生涯LifeontheMississippi()密西西比河上的生活,combinesanautobiographicalaccount(结合了自传)、HistoricalRomance:ThePrinceandthePauper()(王子与贫儿),AConnecticutYankeeinKingArthur’sCourt(在亚瑟王朝廷中的康涅狄格州美国人),Itisaparableofcolonialization(这是一个殖民化的寓言)、TheCelebratedJumpingFrogofCalaverasCounty()《卡拉维拉斯县驰名的跳蛙》充满夸张和喜剧的边疆生活。TheManThatCorruptedHadleyburg()《败坏了哈德莱堡的人》Antiimperialist:反帝国主义,Theessay“TothePersonSittinginDarkness”坐在黑暗中的人()、TheCelebratedJumpingFrogofCalaverasCounty,andOtherSketches()加拉维拉县有名的跳蛙。、Hehatedtyrannyandiniquity,despisedmeannessandcruelty,andtookhisroleasasocialcriticinaserousandresponsiblemanner他讨厌专制和罪孽,藐视卑鄙和残忍,负责任,社会评论家。、《汤姆·索亚历险记》发表于年。小说主人公汤姆·索亚天真活泼,敢于探险、追求自由,不堪忍受束缚个性、枯燥乏味的生活,幻想干一番英雄事业。小说通过主人公的冒险经历,对美国虚伪庸俗的社会习俗、伪善的宗教仪式和刻板陈腐的学校教育进行了讽刺和批判,以欢快的笔调描写了少年儿童自由活泼的心灵。《汤姆·索亚历险记》以其浓厚的深具地方特色的幽默和对人物敏锐观察,一跃成为最伟大的儿童文学作品,也是一首美国“黄金时代”的田园牧歌。本书的姊妹篇是《哈克贝利·费恩历险记》Twain'smasterpiece、哈克贝利是一个聪明、善良、勇敢的白人少年。他为了追求自由的生活,逃亡到密西西比河上。在逃亡途中,他遇到了黑奴吉姆。吉姆是一个勤劳朴实、热情诚实、忠心耿耿的黑奴,他为了逃脱被主人再次卖掉的命运,从主人家中出逃。两个人历经种种奇遇。这部小说从思想到技巧都有许多创新。小说赞扬了男孩哈克贝利的机智和善良,谴责了宗教的虚伪和信徒的愚昧,同时,塑造了一位富有尊严的黑奴slave形象。Theme:RacismandSlavery种族主义与奴隶制IntellectualandMoralMaturation聪明的、道德成熟TheHypocrisyof"Civilized"Society文明社会的虚伪Comment:流浪汉小说,第一人称的叙事,插曲式的结构,定型化的人物形象,幽默生动、诙谐讽刺的艺术风格,哈克反传统风格。TheodoreDreiser、Americannovelistandjournalistofthenaturalistschool美国小说家、自然主义、HiscareerasanovelistbeganinwithSisterCarrie嘉莉妹妹《嘉莉妹妹》是美国现实主义作家德莱塞的重要作品之一,是《珍妮姑娘》的姐妹篇。《嘉莉妹妹》描写了农村姑娘嘉莉来到大城市芝加哥寻找幸福,为摆脱贫困,出卖自己的贞操,先后与推销员和酒店经理同居,后又凭美貌与歌喉成为演员的故事。作家以嘉莉为代表深刻揭露了美国资本主义制度对贫苦人民压榨的残酷性和资产阶级生活方式对小资产阶级分子的腐蚀性。、TheFinancier(),TheTitan(),andTheStoic(),、Realfame,cometoDreiseruntil,whenhisAnAmericanTragedy美国悲剧hadgreatpopularsuccess、Pointofview:SocialDarwinism(HerbertSpencer)社会达尔文主义(赫伯特斯潘塞)、Theme:AmericanDreamJackLondon、shortstories,:TheSonoftheWolfhismasterpieceTheCalloftheWild(、London'sstylebrutal,vivid,andexciting残忍、生动、令人兴奋、Mayorworks:TheCalloftheWild(),TheSeaWolf(),WhiteFang白牙,MartinEden(),、意象和主题:Imagesofdeath,cruelty,andDarwinianstruggle死亡意象,残酷,和达尔文斗争MartinEden、Itisaboutawriterwhobearsanextremelystrongresemblance相似toJackLondon、Theme:criticism批判主义ofAmericansocietydisillusion破灭ofAmericandreamHenryJames、HisfictionjuxtaposedAmericaninnocenceandEuropeanexperienceinaseriesofintense,psychologicallycomplexworks、James'sworkischaracterizedbyleisurelypacingandsubtledelineationofcharacter悠闲地人物描写而不是戏剧化的事件ratherthanbydramaticincidentsorcomplicatedplots、Works:TheAmerican(),DaisyMiller()andThePortraitofaLady()、Literarycareerthreeperiods:internationalthemes,droppedinternationalthemes,returnedtohis“internationaltheme”、Majorsubjectsthreesubjects:Children(Jameswroteaboutchildrenaschildren,notassmalladults),Newwoman(asarepresentativeofcultureandrefinement作为文化和优雅的代表),ArtistOthersubjectsevil、TheoryofFiction(TheArtofFiction):Thenovelistmustbefaithfultolife,Headvocatesthefreedomoftheartisttowriteaboutanythingthatconcernshim艺术家自由写作,selfcontainmentoftheworkofart艺术作品的自我封闭,Dramatization:showingrathertelling戏剧化表现而说,Centralconsciousnessthroughwhomeventsareobserved通过事件观察的中心意识(heusedaparticularmethodoftellingthestory),Psychologicalrealism心理现实主义:(Hisrealismischaracterizedbyhispsychologicalapproachtohissubjectmatter)、JameswaswritingbeforeFreudhaddonehisstudies,sohehasbeencalledthefirstofthe“modernpsychologicalnovelists,”and“arealistoftheinnerlife”Alsoheisgenerallyregardedastheforerunnerofthethcentury“streamofconsciousness”novelsandthefounderofpsychologicalrealism、ThePortraitofaLady贵妇画像(主角IsabelArcher、GilbertOsmond)EmilyDickinson()女、Work:ABirdcamedowntheWalk:iambictrimeter抑扬音步、IheardaFlybuzzwhenIdied由于这一卑微生灵出现于预期中上帝出现的庄严时刻,诗歌因此平添了一层讽刺意味充分体现出诗歌的戏剧性,使读者领悟到诗人的蕴意:上帝从不垂顾弥留之际的受难者,而一向为人所不齿的苍蝇却在这一刻表现出勃勃生机和无限深情,与死者逐渐消失的呼吸以及上帝的冷漠形成鲜明对照或许是因为苍蝇的叫唤声能有效地调动起读者的联觉,激发他们去想象人们弥留之际的痛苦和惆怅。ErnestHemingway、SpokesmanforLostGeneration迷惘一代的代言人RobertLeeFrost罗伯特·弗罗斯特、Hispoetry,forallitsapparentsimplicity,oftenprobesphilosophyoflife,mysteriesofdarknessandirrationalityinthebleakandchaoticlandscapesofanindifferentuniversewheremenstandalone,unaidedandperplexed、Poem:TheRoadnotTakenTheRoadNotTaken"consistsoffourstanzasoffivelinestherhymeschemeisABAABtherearefourstressedsyllablesperline,varyingonaniambictetrameterbaseMendingWall修墙InFrost’spoem,thecollapsing墙的倒塌ofthewallstronglysuggeststhehuman’swishtoeliminatetheestrangement消除隔阂,butthewishoftenresultsnaturallyinanewmendingjobSometimes,peopleareexposedtotheparadoxicalfactthatitisjustduetotheexistenceofthesewallsthathumanbeingsmaypossiblyfeelsafelydefendedand,therefore,becalmeddowntocommunicatejustoverthefencesoasto,moreorless,understandeachotheroldgenerationwhotriestokeepthetraditionandhatesreformandchangeCarlSandburg()、Hewroteinfreeverseandrichandspontaneousslang、Work:Chicagothepoetshowshisprideinthecity,heisproudofitsdiligence,itspersistence,itsvigoranditshopefulfutureWallaceStevens、Work:AnecdoteoftheJarAnysocietywithoutartisonewithoutorderandthatmanmakestheorderheperceives,andtheworldheinhabitsisonehehalfcreatesWilliamFaulkner、Work:ARoseforEmily(EmilyGrierson、HomerBarron)SheSacrificetotheOldSouth,herepresentsthenewNorthJohnSteinbeck约翰·斯坦贝克Work:TheGrapesofWrath愤怒的葡萄●Selectedreadings:Songofmyselfp●BecauseIcouldnotstopforDeathp●TheadventuresofHuckleberryFinnlecture●MartinEdenpTheroadnottakenp●SisterCarriepChicagop●AnecdoteofthejarpAFarewelltoArmspWaltWhitmanWork:LeavesofGrassSongofmyself自我之歌

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