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首页 英文书法 Operina

英文书法 Operina.pdf

英文书法 Operina

大唐李二
2013-03-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英文书法 Operinapdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

LudovicoVicentinodegliArrighiOperinaOperinaTERMSOFLICENSEYouarepermittedtodownloadandusethisWorkforscholarship,researchandyourownpersonalusesonlyItisNOTsharewareReverseengineering,convertingtootherformats,reselling,embeddingallorpartofthisWorkoranypartthereofintoprogramsorotherworksthatareused,licensedorsoldona“forsale”andorforaprofitbasis,areeachstrictlyprohibitedIfyouarenotsurewhetheryourusemaybeprohibitedpleasesendanemailtooperinagmailcom©CopyrightOperinaLLCAllRightsReservedByusingthisWorkyouexpresslyagreethatitsuseandinformationpresentedinitiswithoutrepresentationorwarrantyofanykind,includinganyrepresentationofaccuracy,fitnessforuseornoninfringementUSEOFANYMATERIALS,IMAGESORINFORMATIONINTHISWORKISEXPRESSLYATYOUROWNRISKLudovicoVicentinodegliArrighiOperinaOperina©OperinaLLCAllrightreservedisbnPaperbackisbnDigitalPublishedbyOperinaLLC<operinacom>operinagmailcomPrintedandboundintheUnitedStatesofAmericaLudovicoVicentino’sOperina,whichteachesthewritingofchanceryscriptThemethodandrulesforwritingcursivelettersorchanceryscript,recentlyputtogetherbyLudovicoVicentino,writerofapostoliclettersinRome,intheyearofoursalvation>>asIcouldand,iftheydonotmatchitateverypoint,askyoutoforgiveme,asthepresscannotentirelyrepresentthelivinghandstillIhopethatbyfollowingmyinstructionyouwillreachyourgoalEnjoylifeandhealthDearreaderAsmanyfriendshaveasked,indeeddemanded,mydearreader,thatI,forthepublicgood,notonlyofourtimebutforposterityaswell,providesomeexamplesofwritingandinstructionabouttheregularshapingoflettersthatnowadaysarecalledchancerystyle,IhavegladlyundertakenthistaskandasIcouldn’tprovideenoughexamplesbymyownhandtosatisfyall,Iexertedmyselfwiththisnewinventionoflettersandprintedthem,copyinghandwritingasclosely>>AnyonewhowishestolearnthecursiveorchancerystyleshouldobservetherulesthatfollowFirstlearntomakethesetwostrokes’oneofwhichbeginsallchancerylettersOfthesetwooneisflatandthick,theotherslantingandthin,asyouseehere:’’Withthefirststroke,flatandbold,reversedandturnedonitself,begintheseletters:abcdfghkloqsxyzTheremainderofthealphabetstartswiththesecondstroke,slantingandthin,writtenupwardsattheangleofthepenandthendown,thisway:’e<imnprtuij’Fromthefirststroke,boldandshort,makethislettershapeonwhichthesefiveletters,adcgq,arebasedThebodiesoftheletters,whichsitonthebaseline,shouldfitacondensedrectangle,notaperfectsquare,thus:adg:qadcgqNotethatinadditiontothefivelettersacdgqthatImentionednearlyalltheothersshouldbebasedonthiscondensedrectangle:,notaperfectsquare,thus:Inmyviewthecursive,orchancery,styleshouldbecondensedratherthanround:androunditwouldlookifitwerebasedonasquareandnotthecondensedrectangleAswegothroughthealphabet,youshouldlearntomakethisstemwhichbeginswiththefirstflatandboldstrokeItisusedinthefollowingletters:bdfffhklflblllbland,togivethempropershape,makethetopslightlythickerthanthestem,whichiseasilydoneifthefirststrokeisreversedandthenturnedonitself:bdfffhklhblWhenyouhavelearnedtowritethelettersImentioned,whichallbeginwiththebold,shortstroke,youcometothelettersthatbeginwiththesecondstroke,slantingandthin,asyouwilleasilyunderstandbyfollowingmylittletreatiseBeginningwiththesecondstroke,slantingandthin,aretheletters’ıeijmnprtuAllshouldbethesameheight,exceptthepandt,whichshouldbeslightlyhigherthanthebodiesoftheothers,asIshowinthisexample:apatmtumpnoturpqrstumputinatmpiGreaterheightofthep,thefirststem,notthebowl,isinmyviewmorepleasingatallerlettertdistinguishesitfromthecAswehavetwokindsoftheletters,thesandthe,whichyouseehere,andsinceIhavealreadyinstructedyouonthelong,itnowremainstodiscusstheshortMakethelowercurvelargerthantheupper:sssBeginwiththefirststroke,flatandbold,whichImentionedbeforereverseitbackonitspathandcurveitinawaythatmakesadistinctsIstillhavenotmentionedthelettersxyzofthesethreethexandybeginmuchthesameway:seethefifthlineCutthefirststrokeinthemiddletomakethex,whichshouldnotbewiderinfrontthantheletteraTheletteryshouldbemadethesameheight,thus:xayaxayaxayaxyStrivetomakethezwiththestrokesillustratedhereseethetwobottomlinesNowthatyouhavelearnedthelettersofthealphabet,makesurewhenyouputthemtogetherthatallthelongascendersareofequalheight:bdhkl,withtheverytopleaningtotheright,roundedandbold,justasthebeginningofthecorlLikewisethedescendersshouldbethesamelength:fgpqxy,andthebodiesofallthelettersshouldbeeven,bothatbaselineandmidline,asshownhere:AabcdemfmgmhiklmnopqrstutumvxyzAssomelettersofthealphabetaremadeinonestroke,withoutliftingpenfrompaper,andothersintwo,itappearstimelytosetoutwhichlettersaremadeinonestrokeandwhichwithtwoWritteninasinglestrokearethese:abcghilmnoqrsuyzTherestofthealphabetiswrittenwithtwostrokes:de<fkptxYoushouldalsonote,dearreader,thatsomesmalllettersofthealphabetmaybejoinedtotheletterthatfollowsandothersmustnotThosethatcanbejoinedtoasucceedingletterare:acdfuklmnstuOfthese,anylettercanbejoinedfromadiklmnu,butonlysomefromcfsFromtheremaininglettersofthealphabet,be<ghopqrxyz,noletterthatfollowsmaybejoinedButwhethertojoinornotIleavetoyourjudgment,aslongasthewritingisevenHerefollowexamplesoflettersthatcanbejoinedtoanysucceedingletter:aaabacada<afagahaiakalamanaoapaqarasaatauaxayazJoinfromthelettersdiklmnuinthesamewayTheligaturesfromtheletterscfstarethese:ct,fafffifmfnfofrfufy,st,fst,tatetitmtntotqtrtttutxtyFromtheremaininglettersofthealphabet,b<ghopqrxyz,thereshouldbenojoinsTowritemorefluently,letyourcharactersletters,ifyoupreferleanforward:“Virtuesurpassesallelse”Idonotwantyoutotiltthemasmuchasthat,butwrotethisexamplethebettertodemonstratehowproperlettersshouldslopeNotethat,dearreader,althoughItoldyouthatthecharactersshouldallslantforward,Iwantyoutounderstandthatthisonlyappliestothelowercaseletters,andwantyourcapitalsalwayswrittenuprightinfirmstrokesandwithoutwaveringotherwisetheywillnotbetheleastattractiveMakethespacebetweenlinesofwhatyouwriteinthechanceryscriptneithertoolargenortoosmall,butaverage,andthegapbetweenwordsthewidthofannThedistancebetweenjoinedlettersshouldbethesameasbetweenthestemsofannButasthisruleisalmostimpossibletofollow,relyonyoureyes:thebestpairofdividerswillabsolveyouIbelieveIhavedemonstratedenoughofmymethodforwritingthelowercaseofthechancerystylenowthecapitalsremain,whichallshouldbeginwithoneofthetwostrokesthatIspokeofwhenIdealtwiththelowercaseletters:oneflatandthick,theotherslantingandthin,thus:’’’Learningthecapitalswillnotbedemandingwhenyouhaveacquiredagood,firmhandwritingthelowercase,notleastbecauseIhavetoldyouthatthetwobeginningstrokesoftheminusculesalsoapplytothecapitals,whichyouwillunderstandasyoucontinuetowriteIneedadviseyounofurtherexcepttotakethetroubleoflearningthecapitalsfromtheexamplesthatIhaveprovidedExamplesofcapitalsandampersandsLudovicusVicentinuswrotethisoutintheyearofourLordinRomeExamplesoflowercaselettersExamplesfordevelopingafirmhandModelofthelowercaseGloryisnotachievedbysettingout,butatthefinishThatisthebirthofhonor,trueandperfectWhyenterthefieldofbattle,andthenfleeWrittenoutinRomebytheselfsameLVicentinusBythefavorofperfectandimmortalGodExamplesofthelowercaseandampersandsSuchisthestateofman:bornatdaybreakatnightfallthecourseisrunVirtuealoneconquershaughtyandterribledeathWrittenoutbyLudovicoVicentinoinRomeatParhione,intheyearToGodandvirtueweoweallExamplesofswashcapitalslowercaselettersandampersandsEverythinghasitsmeasure:beyondcertainlimitsoneithersidenothingisrightExampleofsimplecapitalsThemiddlewayisbestExamplesofswashcapitalsandlowercaselettersEverythingwillbewelldoneiftimeisproperlydispensedandeverydaywedevotesethourstolettersandletnothingpreventusfromsomemeasureofreadingWrittenoutbythesameLudovicoVicentinoontheseventhofAugustinhisadoptivecityFrancescoPetrarchsaidthisIfollowedhopeandemptydesire:nowIcanseemyfailingsinaclearmirrorIhavebeforemyeyesAndIcanpreparemyselfatlast,thinkingofmybrieflifeinwhichIwasaboythismorningandnowamanoldmanFleetingandirreparableistimeDismissavarice,thatqueenofdisgracefulillswhichallmisdeedsservewithdetestabledevotion:greedstrivesforlucre,whichnowisemancravesand,asifsteepedinmalignpoisons,weakensthemanhoodofbodyandsoulandisabatedneitherbyrichesnorpovertyAmiserhasnogoodnessheisbaseineveryrespectThehighestwisdominamanisknowinghimselfandnotbemisledbypridetofancyhimselfbetterthanheisThisGalenusobserved,andinRomeVicentinowroteitoutAmanwhoknowshimselfisthemasterofhisactionsGoldensentimentsFormsofaddressinflourishedabbreviationsMosthonorable,excellent,illustrious,noble,reverendetcWrittenoutbyLudovicoVicentinoReader,ifyoufindaflawinVicentino’slittletreatisebenotsurprised,forperfectionisnotahumanbutdivinequalityHereonecannotlivewithoutblemish:withoutsinonewouldbelikeGodwhoaloneisperfectHereendstheartofwritingchanceryscriptPrintedinRomefromtheoriginalofLudovicoVicentino,scribeBygratefulprivilegeOperinaTheauthorwasacopyist,papalscribe,publisherandtypedesignerHecalledhimselfLudovicoVicentino,andwrotethenameeighttimesintohisshorttextYetweknowhimasArrighi,anamethatappearsnowhereinthebookOperinashowsgreathandwritingoneverypageItismorethanasetofmodelsheets,howeverItdescribesArrighi’sunderlyingformsandtwobasicentrymovementsItcoversthespacingoflines,wordsandlettersItdealswithslantandjoinsOperinaisaslimvolumeofpagesItteachesitalichandwritingandisstillessentialreadingEachpagewasprintedfromaseparatewoodcutbyUgodaCarpi,whoisbestknownasamasterofchiaroscuroengraving

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