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首页 挖掘机操作说明

挖掘机操作说明.doc

挖掘机操作说明

张数峰
2018-09-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《挖掘机操作说明doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

挖掘机操作说明,theoperationtechnologyThefirststepistoidentifythesurroundingareaWhenturningwork,beawareofthesurroundingobstacles,terrain,andsafetyWhenworking,besuretoavoidtippingorhittingTrynottoturnthefinaldriveinthedirectionofthedigging,oryoucaneasilydamagethewalkingmotororhoseWhenworking,makesurethattheleftandrighttrackarefullyexposedtothegroundandimprovethedynamicstabilityofthewholemachineEffectiveminingmethodsThemaximumexcavationiswhenthebucketandrod,thebucketandthebucketaredegreesWhenthebuckettoothandthegroundarekeptatdegrees,thebestoftheexcavationsistheleastresistancetothesoilWhenexcavatingwithabucketbar,theAngleofthebucketisguaranteedtobebetweendegreesanddegreesfromthefrontTheuseofbotharmandshovelcanimprovetheefficiencyofmining,miningrockTheuseofadippertoexcavatetherockwillcausegreaterdamagetothemachineandshouldbeavoidedWhenexcavating,thepositionofthebodyshouldbeadjustedaccordingtothecrackdirectionoftherock,sothattheshovelcanshovelinandexcavateToinsertadipperintoarockfractureanddigwithabucketandadipperUnbrokenrockshouldbebrokenandthenexcavatedSlopelevelingworkForplanarshapingmachineshouldbeflatontheground,topreventthebodyshaking,tograspthemovablearmandarmmovementcoordination,controlthespeedisvitalforplanedressing,loadingoperationThebodyshouldbeinahorizontalandstableposition,otherwiseitisdifficulttocontroltherotatinguninstallandextendthecycletimeThebodyandtruckshouldbekeptataproperdistance,preventingtheairframefromtouchingthetruckwhenitisturningdegreesAsfaraspossible,gototheleftturnoit,theviewisopen,theworkefficiencyishigh,atthesametimemustgrasptherotationAnglecorrectly,inordertoreducethetimethatisusedforturningThetruck'slocationislowerthantheexcavator,whichcanshortenthemovingarmandimprovethetimeSand,gravel,andlargerocksareputinplacetoreducetheimpactonthebox,softgroundorwaterjobInsoftsoilzone,shouldknowthesoilcompactiondegree,andpayattentiontotheminingrangelimitbucket,preventlandslides,accidentssuchaslandslide,andcarbodysubsidenceisdeeperWhenworkinginwater,youshouldpayattentiontothepermissibledepthofthecarbody(thewatersurfaceshouldbebelowthecenterofthecenterofthetram)Ifthelevelishigher,slewingbearinginternalwillleadtobadlubrication,becauseofthewaterintotheenginefanbladehitleadtowreckbywater,electriccircuitcomponentsduetowaterintrusionofshortcircuitoropencircuit,liftingjobEffectofhydraulicexcavatorforliftingoperation,shouldconfirmthatthehoistingsiteambientconditions,usethehookonthehighstrengthandsteelwirerope,liftingwilltrytousethespecialliftingdeviceThemodeofoperationshouldbedoneinmicrooperationmode,andtheactionshouldbebalancedslowlyIftheropeissuitable,toolongitwillcausethehangingobjectstoswinglargeandhardtocontrolAdjustthepositionoftheshovelproperlytopreventthesteelwirefromslippingThebuilderstrynottocomenearthehammocktopreventdangerousoperationSmoothoperationOperations,thestabilityofthemachinecannotonlyimprovetheworkefficiency,prolongthelifeofthemachine,andcanensuresafeoperation(putthemachineinaflatontheground)Thedrivingsprocketismorestableontherearsidethanonthefront,andpreventsthefinaldrivefrombeinghitbyaforceThetrackonthefloorisalwaysgreaterthanthewheelbase,soyoushouldtrytoavoidthesideoperationKeepthesiteclosetothemachinetoimprovestabilityandexcavatorsIftheexcavationsarefarawayfromthemachine,causingthecenterofgravitytomoveforward,thejobisunstableThanpositivelateralminingexcavationstabilityispoor,ifsiteawayfromthebodycenter,themachinewillbemoreunstable,sothesiteandthebodycentershouldkeepanappropriatedistance,inordertomakebalance,efficientoperation,noteworthyoperationsThehydrauliccylinderisequippedwithabufferthatcangraduallyreleasebackpressureneartheendofthestrokeIfaftertheendofthetripinattainedunderimpactload,thepistonwilldirectlytouchingthecylinderheadorcylinderbottom,easytocauseaccidents,soshouldtrytostaymorethangapattheterminalofstrokeByrotarymovementofearthmovingoperationswillcausetheworkdeviceofthebucketandtheabnormalstress,distortorweldingcrack,evenbrokenpinshaft,shouldtrytoavoidthiskindofoperationTheuseofthebodyweightforminingcancausetherotarybearingabnormalstressstate,andastrongvibrationandimpactonthechassis,sotheapplicationofthehydrauliccylinderorhydrauliclineproducelargerdamageWhilehandlingtheheaviermaterialssuchasrocks,shouldbenearthebottomofthetruckunloading,orloadingthesoilfirst,andthenloadedrock,highunloadingisforbidden,toreducetheimpactdamageofthetruckWhenthecrawlerisdeepinthemud,aboardisplacedunderashovelandthebottomendofthebucketisproppedup,thentheboardisplacedunderthecaterpillarandthemachineispulledout,therightwalkWhenexcavatorsarewalking,theyshouldtrytokeeptheworkingdeviceclosetothecenterofthebodytomaintainstabilityPutthefinaldrivebehindtoprotectthefinaldriveTrytoavoidobstaclessuchasstumpsandrockstopreventdistortionIfyoumustpassthroughanobstacle,youshouldensurethatthetrackcenterisonthebarrierWhenthemoundisover,thechassisisalwayssupportedbytheworkingdevicetopreventthebodyfromshakingortiltingAvoididlerunningengineonasteepinclineforalongperiodoftime,otherwiseitwillbecausedbyachangeinoilpositionMachinelongwalk,canmaketherollerandthefinaldriveinternalrotationtoproducehightemperatureforalongtime,theoilviscosityandpoorlubrication,sooftenshouldstopcooling,prolongingthelifeofthelowerpartofthebodyItisforbiddentoexcavatetheearthfromthedrivingforceofwalking,otherwisetheexcessiveloadwillcausetheearlywearordamageofthecarparts,suchasthefinaldriveandthetrackWhenwalkinguphill,thewheelshouldbedriveninthereartoincreasetheadhesionofthetracklesstrackInthedownhillwalk,thewheelshouldbedriveninfrontofthewheeltotightentheuppertracksoastopreventthetrafficfrommovingforwardandcausingthedangerWhentherampgoesup,theworkunitshouldbeplacedinfronttoensuresafety,andthen,afterparking,gentlyinserttheshovelintothegroundandblockitonthecrawlerWalkonasteepslope,whenturningspeedshouldbeslowdown,turnleftturnleftbacktrack,turnrightturntherighttrack,backwhenthekisscanreducetheriskofturningonslopeCorrectbrokenworkThefirststepistoplacethehammerheadverticallyonthebrokenobjectStartedcrushinghomework,liftthefrontofthecarbody,aboutcm,broken,brokenheadkeeppressureonthebrokenthings,notbrokenafterhasbeenbrokenshouldimmediatelystopcrushingoperationWhenbroken,becausethevibrationwillcausethehammertograduallychangedirection,thebucketcylindershouldbeadjustedatanytimetomakethehammerheadperpendiculartothesurfaceofthebrokenobjectThebrokenpositionshouldbechangedwhenthehammerisnotbrokenDon'tbebrokenformorethanaminuteinaplacewherethehammerheadwillbedamagedandtheoiltemperaturewillriseunusuallyForahardobject,itshouldbegintobreakfromtheedgeItisstrictlyforbiddentousehydraulichammerandhydraulichammerasachiselwhentheedgeisbrokenandthehammerisinserted

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