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首页 家谱的七大内容

家谱的七大内容.doc

家谱的七大内容

蒋思琪
2018-04-04 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《家谱的七大内容doc》,可适用于综合领域

家谱的七大内容明代中后期是中国家谱体例演变与内容更新的一个重要分水岭以下摘录了一套家谱的七大主要内容。一姓氏源流姓氏源流就是同一族得姓的来源与变迁中国人的姓氏渊源大多很为古老假若没有古书或旧谱的记载后人就很难考究得清楚。从一姓到一国一家不能不知晓自己根源来自何处认清自己的姓氏来源每套《家谱》都详细介绍了自己姓氏源流这样才能世世代代承继也能将族系根缘流传千百年。中国姓氏在经过历史不断演变如:战乱迁移改朝换代以及避讳改姓、避难改姓、复姓改为单姓等姓氏变得更为复杂其真正的出处、源头就更需要详细考证了《家谱》中有详细记载。封建时代许多姓氏为了抬高自己的门第和郡望习惯于与名人扯上关系或硬追溯到某皇帝作自己的祖先。却不知道这影响了血缘的纯正和确实性后人不可不慎。《家谱》中有“叙本系、述始封”的传统它的目的也在于“明世次、别亲疏”以及考订姓氏源流。《家谱》均有记载姓氏的一章以叙述家族得姓的来源或是家族因某种原因改姓的历史。所以《家谱》中的姓氏源流就变得很重要它是明辨您家族血统的证明文献consciousnessofmalfeasanceatcatchinggoodhonest,practicalactionintoideasandCounty,theCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionofthedeploymentandrequirements,adheretotheCountyandtheCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionreportimplementationofcleantworesponsibilitiesclearagangtwoaccountabilityresponsibilitiesEarlyeachyearorganizeconferences,inchargeoftheleadership,departments,unitsofthetowncleanandstudiedanticorruptionworkdeployments,accordingtoagangdualaccountabilityrequirements,clearrolesandresponsibilitiesformembersoftheleadingbodyofthePartyCommittee,putagangtwoaccountabilitytargets,developworkplans,organizationshonestresponsibility,urgedtheteammemberstoactivelyfulfilagangdoubledutyUrgedthefirstresponsibilityofgrassrootspartybranchsecretariestoperformduties,effortstoformateaminunison,andthelinkageoftheworkofthePartyCommitteepaycloseattentiontotheconstructionofacleanandhonestgovernmentregulationsimplementedConscientiouslyimplementtheresponsibilityofuncorrupted,reallyformedbysysteminpolitics,accordingtotherules,effectivemechanismsforthemanagementofthesystemFirst,buildandimprovetheconversationremindedpartymembersandcadreseducationsystem,auditingsystemofcadres,,forthefullimplementationofresponsibilityofuncorruptedtoprovidefavorableinstitutionalsafeguardsSecond,persistincombiningfocusedinspectionsandspecialinspections,payingcarefulattentiontosupervision,implementationofthespecialinspectionandthesystemofdemocraticappraisalof二堂号堂号是一个姓氏的特殊标识它能显示姓氏发源的地缘关系。在家谱中堂号具有联系姓氏与宗族关系的意义也是后代寻根问祖的重要线索之一。堂号名称一般取自于郡号名或为纪念家族史祖或名人而自创。一般来说堂号多取自于郡号名郡是秦、汉时期对行政区域的建臵,郡号名又取自于郡名或诸侯国名地方府、州、县名。随着姓氏家族的发展壮大就出现了以各姓氏名门望族发祥地的郡名作为郡号的由来。大家族日久人众或是遇至天灾连年之时族人就会因迁徙流离而散布各地。于是就有了在“总堂号”之下再加入“分堂号”名称的方法。“总堂号”代表家族(姓氏)的发祥地寓后人以不忘本源“分堂号”则是族人迁徙至新地成为当地有名望家族后以该地的郡号作为堂号“总堂号”和“分堂号”统称为“郡望”。因为各族姓基本上都是以郡名作为自己家族的郡号所以就有了若干姓氏同为一个堂号的现象。例如:王胡这两个姓的郡望都是“清河堂”。堂号名称的另一出处:自创堂号乃家族中人自立的堂号该堂号名称一为有别于各姓氏的分支别派二为铭记祖先或名人的公德事迹或教诲。例如:杨氏的“四知堂”寓意“天知、地知、我知、子知”的为人风范。consciousnessofmalfeasanceatcatchinggoodhonest,practicalactionintoideasandCounty,theCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionofthedeploymentandrequirements,adheretotheCountyandtheCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionreportimplementationofcleantworesponsibilitiesclearagangtwoaccountabilityresponsibilitiesEarlyeachyearorganizeconferences,inchargeoftheleadership,departments,unitsofthetowncleanandstudiedanticorruptionworkdeployments,accordingtoagangdualaccountabilityrequirements,clearrolesandresponsibilitiesformembersoftheleadingbodyofthePartyCommittee,putagangtwoaccountabilitytargets,developworkplans,organizationshonestresponsibility,urgedtheteammemberstoactivelyfulfilagangdoubledutyUrgedthefirstresponsibilityofgrassrootspartybranchsecretariestoperformduties,effortstoformateaminunison,andthelinkageoftheworkofthePartyCommitteepaycloseattentiontotheconstructionofacleanandhonestgovernmentregulationsimplementedConscientiouslyimplementtheresponsibilityofuncorrupted,reallyformedbysysteminpolitics,accordingtotherules,effectivemechanismsforthemanagementofthesystemFirst,buildandimprovetheconversationremindedpartymembersandcadreseducationsystem,auditingsystemofcadres,,forthefullimplementationofresponsibilityofuncorruptedtoprovidefavorableinstitutionalsafeguardsSecond,persistincombiningfocusedinspectionsandspecialinspections,payingcarefulattentiontosupervision,implementationofthespecialinspectionandthesystemofdemocraticappraisalof三世系表如果发现一本关于您身世的家谱您最想看的是什么哪,是不是想知道自家的祖先是谁,家族中曾有过哪些名人、功绩,家族中人现在哪里,等等所有的答案就在家谱的世系表中。作为家谱中最重要的内容“世系表”简而言之就是说明一个家族成员如:父子、兄弟间的相互关系写清楚祖先后代每一个家族成员名字的图表。它有四种基本的记述格式:欧式、苏式、宝塔式和牒记式。欧式:又称横行体是北宋文学家欧阳修创立的。欧式的特点是:世代分格由右向左横行五世一表用起来很方便。欧式中每个世代人名左侧都有一段生平记述介绍该人的字、号、功名、官爵、生辰年月日、配偶、藏地、功绩等。苏式:又称垂珠体是北宋文学家苏洵创立的。苏式世系表的特点是:世代直行下垂世代间无横线连接全部用竖线串连图表格式也是由右向左排列的主要是强调宗法关系。宝塔式:顾名思义就是将世代人名象宝塔一样由上向下排列。宝塔式采用横竖线连接法竖线永远处在横线的中间这对人多的大家族来说因人名不可能排在同一页纸上兄弟之间长幼关系不清会为写谱、看谱带来很多不便。consciousnessofmalfeasanceatcatchinggoodhonest,practicalactionintoideasandCounty,theCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionofthedeploymentandrequirements,adheretotheCountyandtheCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionreportimplementationofcleantworesponsibilitiesclearagangtwoaccountabilityresponsibilitiesEarlyeachyearorganizeconferences,inchargeoftheleadership,departments,unitsofthetowncleanandstudiedanticorruptionworkdeployments,accordingtoagangdualaccountabilityrequirements,clearrolesandresponsibilitiesformembersoftheleadingbodyofthePartyCommittee,putagangtwoaccountabilitytargets,developworkplans,organizationshonestresponsibility,urgedtheteammemberstoactivelyfulfilagangdoubledutyUrgedthefirstresponsibilityofgrassrootspartybranchsecretariestoperformduties,effortstoformateaminunison,andthelinkageoftheworkofthePartyCommitteepaycloseattentiontotheconstructionofacleanandhonestgovernmentregulationsimplementedConscientiouslyimplementtheresponsibilityofuncorrupted,reallyformedbysysteminpolitics,accordingtotherules,effectivemechanismsforthemanagementofthesystemFirst,buildandimprovetheconversationremindedpartymembersandcadreseducationsystem,auditingsystemofcadres,,forthefullimplementationofresponsibilityofuncorruptedtoprovidefavorableinstitutionalsafeguardsSecond,persistincombiningfocusedinspectionsandspecialinspections,payingcarefulattentiontosupervision,implementationofthespecialinspectionandthesystemofdemocraticappraisalof牒记式:不用横竖线连接世代人名间的关系而是纯用文字来表述这种关系。每个人名下都有一个相关的简介如:字、号、功名、官爵、生辰年月日、藏地、功绩等。牒记式的世系形式固定次序分明比较节约纸张。以上四种世系表形式都各有特色这是一般族谱中比较常见的世系表但也有其它的变化我们在记述家族世系表时可根据掌握材料的多少、家族成员的多少等灵活采用总之世系表要易看易懂、内容真实、层序分明这才是最为重要的。四家训家训也是家谱中的重要组成部分它对传统宗族教育起了很大的作用。远古时代人类社会经历了氏族、家族、家庭的变迁然而这些都是形成一个国家的基石。在国家不安定和国法不明确之际家训即可发挥稳定社会秩序的力量。因为家族为了维持必要的法制制度就拟定一定的行为规范来约束家族中人这便是家法家训的最早起源。自汉初起家训著作随着朝代演变渐丰富多采。家谱中记录了许多治家教子的名言警句成为人们倾心企慕的治家良策成为“修身”、“齐家”的典范。例如“一粥一饭当思来之不易”的节俭持家思想今天看来仍有积极意义。在家谱中有不少详记家训、家规等以资子孙遵行的。当中最为人称道的名训如颜氏家训、朱子治家格言等至今脍炙人口。consciousnessofmalfeasanceatcatchinggoodhonest,practicalactionintoideasandCounty,theCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionofthedeploymentandrequirements,adheretotheCountyandtheCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionreportimplementationofcleantworesponsibilitiesclearagangtwoaccountabilityresponsibilitiesEarlyeachyearorganizeconferences,inchargeoftheleadership,departments,unitsofthetowncleanandstudiedanticorruptionworkdeployments,accordingtoagangdualaccountabilityrequirements,clearrolesandresponsibilitiesformembersoftheleadingbodyofthePartyCommittee,putagangtwoaccountabilitytargets,developworkplans,organizationshonestresponsibility,urgedtheteammemberstoactivelyfulfilagangdoubledutyUrgedthefirstresponsibilityofgrassrootspartybranchsecretariestoperformduties,effortstoformateaminunison,andthelinkageoftheworkofthePartyCommitteepaycloseattentiontotheconstructionofacleanandhonestgovernmentregulationsimplementedConscientiouslyimplementtheresponsibilityofuncorrupted,reallyformedbysysteminpolitics,accordingtotherules,effectivemechanismsforthemanagementofthesystemFirst,buildandimprovetheconversationremindedpartymembersandcadreseducationsystem,auditingsystemofcadres,,forthefullimplementationofresponsibilityofuncorruptedtoprovidefavorableinstitutionalsafeguardsSecond,persistincombiningfocusedinspectionsandspecialinspections,payingcarefulattentiontosupervision,implementationofthespecialinspectionandthesystemofdemocraticappraisalof家训之所以为世人所重因其主旨乃推崇忠孝节义、教导礼仪廉耻。此外提倡什么和禁止什么也是族规家法中的重要内容如:“节俭当崇”、“邪巫当禁”等。简言之每个家族都有不同的族规家训。家谱中较为常见者大致包括了以下内容:(一)、注重家法、国法(二)、和睦宗族、乡里(三)、孝顺父母、敬长辈(四)、合乎礼教、正名分(五)、祖宗祭祀、墓祭程序五家传要想深入了解世系表中族人的历史功绩那就得看家传了。家传是用来记述家族中有名望、有功绩人的事迹的文体是一种正式的传记明朝之前传与谱是分开来记的。“传记”记述了一个人一生的功绩品德从对国家、民族、社会的贡献到对地方、家族做的每一件业绩如:出资修建词堂、祖墓等全部记述在内以作为后人学习之榜样并荣耀家族。consciousnessofmalfeasanceatcatchinggoodhonest,practicalactionintoideasandCounty,theCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionofthedeploymentandrequirements,adheretotheCountyandtheCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionreportimplementationofcleantworesponsibilitiesclearagangtwoaccountabilityresponsibilitiesEarlyeachyearorganizeconferences,inchargeoftheleadership,departments,unitsofthetowncleanandstudiedanticorruptionworkdeployments,accordingtoagangdualaccountabilityrequirements,clearrolesandresponsibilitiesformembersoftheleadingbodyofthePartyCommittee,putagangtwoaccountabilitytargets,developworkplans,organizationshonestresponsibility,urgedtheteammemberstoactivelyfulfilagangdoubledutyUrgedthefirstresponsibilityofgrassrootspartybranchsecretariestoperformduties,effortstoformateaminunison,andthelinkageoftheworkofthePartyCommitteepaycloseattentiontotheconstructionofacleanandhonestgovernmentregulationsimplementedConscientiouslyimplementtheresponsibilityofuncorrupted,reallyformedbysysteminpolitics,accordingtotherules,effectivemechanismsforthemanagementofthesystemFirst,buildandimprovetheconversationremindedpartymembersandcadreseducationsystem,auditingsystemofcadres,,forthefullimplementationofresponsibilityofuncorruptedtoprovidefavorableinstitutionalsafeguardsSecond,persistincombiningfocusedinspectionsandspecialinspections,payingcarefulattentiontosupervision,implementationofthespecialinspectionandthesystemofdemocraticappraisalof家传一般分为:列传、内传和外传等。列传是记录家族中有功绩男子的传记,内传是记录家族中有品行女子的传记,外传是记录家族中已出嫁有品行女子的传记。传记中多配有该人的画像或关于该人的故事图画让后代读起来倍感生动形象。家传之用词以真实平朴为重最忌溢美之词。这也是评价一部“家传”水平高低与否的重要标准。六艺文著述“谱乃一家之史“其中当然少不了家人的艺文著述。自六朝起就有将家族中名人的著作录入家谱的惯例尤其是到了明朝此风更盛这部分的内容更加丰富了涉及史学、文化、经济、宗教等许多领域在形式上甚至堪于”经典史料“相媲美。家谱中的艺文著述在体例上一般称作:艺文志、辞源集、文征集等。“艺文著述”以家族中名人所写的诗文著作为主要内容也收集本族人与外人的书信来函以及经籍、表策、碑文、书札等有的还有版画、肖像画、版本作品、名家书法、歌曲等从形式到内容都十分丰富。consciousnessofmalfeasanceatcatchinggoodhonest,practicalactionintoideasandCounty,theCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionofthedeploymentandrequirements,adheretotheCountyandtheCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionreportimplementationofcleantworesponsibilitiesclearagangtwoaccountabilityresponsibilitiesEarlyeachyearorganizeconferences,inchargeoftheleadership,departments,unitsofthetowncleanandstudiedanticorruptionworkdeployments,accordingtoagangdualaccountabilityrequirements,clearrolesandresponsibilitiesformembersoftheleadingbodyofthePartyCommittee,putagangtwoaccountabilitytargets,developworkplans,organizationshonestresponsibility,urgedtheteammemberstoactivelyfulfilagangdoubledutyUrgedthefirstresponsibilityofgrassrootspartybranchsecretariestoperformduties,effortstoformateaminunison,andthelinkageoftheworkofthePartyCommitteepaycloseattentiontotheconstructionofacleanandhonestgovernmentregulationsimplementedConscientiouslyimplementtheresponsibilityofuncorrupted,reallyformedbysysteminpolitics,accordingtotherules,effectivemechanismsforthemanagementofthesystemFirst,buildandimprovetheconversationremindedpartymembersandcadreseducationsystem,auditingsystemofcadres,,forthefullimplementationofresponsibilityofuncorruptedtoprovidefavorableinstitutionalsafeguardsSecond,persistincombiningfocusedinspectionsandspecialinspections,payingcarefulattentiontosupervision,implementationofthespecialinspectionandthesystemofdemocraticappraisalof艺文著述是家族先人的心血结晶其中的大量珍贵史料文献有着非常珍贵的参考和欣赏价值。但是由于艺文著述的种类、内容繁多而又良不齐所以还需后人用心整理方能使家族中的艺文精品得以流传和利用。同时我们在续补家谱现代艺文著述时更需精心挑选慎重录入把最有价值和代表性的文献传给后代。七家谱图像家谱之体现能合书、图、史、表、志为一体者,它的利用价值就显得大些。家谱主要以文字内容为主图片资料为副但一张好的图片、照片仍是能将时代的精神面貌和特质传达出来。将图片、照片纳入家谱的意义在于为家族传承提高了一个最直接的环境背景使家谱不在局限在文字文字记录、整体概念也变得鲜明而生动起来。只要是能让人对家谱有更进一步认识的古地图或老照片均应该被收入家谱里包括:)老照片家中存有的古老黑白照片、一家人的合照等都有其历史价值也是见证家谱的最原始材料。)祖先图片(遗像、人物画、肖像画)consciousnessofmalfeasanceatcatchinggoodhonest,practicalactionintoideasandCounty,theCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionofthedeploymentandrequirements,adheretotheCountyandtheCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionreportimplementationofcleantworesponsibilitiesclearagangtwoaccountabilityresponsibilitiesEarlyeachyearorganizeconferences,inchargeoftheleadership,departments,unitsofthetowncleanandstudiedanticorruptionworkdeployments,accordingtoagangdualaccountabilityrequirements,clearrolesandresponsibilitiesformembersoftheleadingbodyofthePartyCommittee,putagangtwoaccountabilitytargets,developworkplans,organizationshonestresponsibility,urgedtheteammemberstoactivelyfulfilagangdoubledutyUrgedthefirstresponsibilityofgrassrootspartybranchsecretariestoperformduties,effortstoformateaminunison,andthelinkageoftheworkofthePartyCommitteepaycloseattentiontotheconstructionofacleanandhonestgovernmentregulationsimplementedConscientiouslyimplementtheresponsibilityofuncorrupted,reallyformedbysysteminpolitics,accordingtotherules,effectivemechanismsforthemanagementofthesystemFirst,buildandimprovetheconversationremindedpartymembersandcadreseducationsystem,auditingsystemofcadres,,forthefullimplementationofresponsibilityofuncorruptedtoprovidefavorableinstitutionalsafeguardsSecond,persistincombiningfocusedinspectionsandspecialinspections,payingcarefulattentiontosupervision,implementationofthespecialinspectionandthesystemofdemocraticappraisalof中国历代以来多有大量之人物画及肖像画其中有大部分是为了纪念先人或表达对圣贤亲人的追慕。也有些家谱将家族先人中显达之人画出其仪容臵于卷首以求达到光大族望启迪后人的目的有些也刊载一些先人手泽遗墨。)风水图(祠堂图、墓图)祠堂是供奉先人的地方在古代更是家族聚会之所所以一般的家谱均有记载和刊载建物版图、描绘实状有些更是附刊墓图有些甚至详记地理方位。人们相信一个家族的兴衰和祖辈所居住、埋葬的地点有很深的关系这些都蕴涵着丰富的“风水”内容所以也被称为“风水图”。)故居村庄图明清族谱中不但记述居址迁徙很多富家所修的谱书中还以精美的版图印制出他们家族的庭院、楼阁、书斋、房舍等。consciousnessofmalfeasanceatcatchinggoodhonest,practicalactionintoideasandCounty,theCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionofthedeploymentandrequirements,adheretotheCountyandtheCountydisciplineInspectionCommissionreportimplementationofcleantworesponsibilitiesclearagangtwoaccountabilityresponsibilitiesEarlyeachyearorganizeconferences,inchargeoftheleadership,departments,unitsofthetowncleanandstudiedanticorruptionworkdeployments,accordingtoagangdualaccountabilityrequirements,clearrolesandresponsibilitiesformembersoftheleadingbodyofthePartyCommittee,putagangtwoaccountabilitytargets,developworkplans,organizationshonestresponsibility,urgedtheteammemberstoactivelyfulfilagangdoubledutyUrgedthefirstresponsibilityofgrassrootspartybranchsecretariestoperformduties,effortstoformateaminunison,andthelinkageoftheworkofthePartyCommitteepaycloseattentiontotheconstructionofacleanandhonestgovernmentregulationsimplementedConscientiouslyimplementtheresponsibilityofuncorrupted,reallyformedbysysteminpolitics,accordingtotherules,effectivemechanismsforthemanagementofthesystemFirst,buildandimprovetheconversationremindedpartymembersandcadreseducationsystem,auditingsystemofcadres,,forthefullimplementationofresponsibilityofuncorruptedtoprovidefavorableinstitutionalsafeguardsSecond,persistincombiningfocusedinspectionsandspecialinspections,payingcarefulattentiontosupervision,implementationofthespecialinspectionandthesystemofdemocraticappraisalof

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