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首页 新编大学英语期末考试试卷

新编大学英语期末考试试卷.doc

新编大学英语期末考试试卷

张采琳
2019-05-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《新编大学英语期末考试试卷doc》,可适用于综合领域

新编大学英语A期末考试试卷PartIListeningComprehension()SectionADirections:Inthissection,youwillhearshortconversationsAttheendofeachconversation,aquestionwillbeaskedaboutwhatwassaidBoththeconversationandthequestionwillbespokenonlyonceAftereachquestiontherewillbeapauseDuringthepause,youmustreadthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD),anddecidewhichisthebestanswerThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecenterSectionAAAnadvertisementBAnewspaperCTheirworkDAdreamAOnfootBBycarCBybusDBybikeAThreeBFourCFiveDSixATherestaurantprovidesgoodfoodBSheenjoysherparttimejobCTherestaurantofferscheapfoodDThereareseveralcooksintherestaurantAThemoviewasdisappointingBThemoviewasexpensivetoseeCHewantstoseethemovieagainDHeshouldhaveseenthemovieathomeA$B$C$D$ATostayathomeBTogotobedimmediatelyCToseeamovieDTogotoapartyATomisunabletohearwellBTomdidn’tsayanythingatthemeetingCTomdoesn’tlistentohimDTomwentoutbeforethemeetingwasoverASheboughtsomethingforherauntBShewasthereonlybrieflyCShemisseditDShewenttoitonherwaytothehospitalAOnehourandahalfBHalfanhourCminutesDminutesSectionBCompoundDictationDirections:Inthissection,youwillhearapassagethreetimesDuringthefirstreading,youshouldlistencarefullyforageneralideaofthewholepassageThenlistentothepassageagainWhenthefirstpartofthepassageisbeingread,youshouldfillinthemissingwordduringthepauseateachblankAfterlisteningtothesecondpartofthepassageyouarerequiredtowritedownthemainpointsaccordingtowhatyouhavejustheardFinally,whenthepassageisreadthethirdtimeyoucancheckwhatyouhavewrittenInmanyoftheworldpeopleclaphandstoshowthattheylikeorofsomethingInthetheater,ataconcert,oratafootballgame,peoplehandsaftertheyseesomethingtheylikeInRussiatheactors,,andathletesclaptheaudienceInmostcountries,however,theperformersarehappytoreceivetheapplauseTheydon’tclapbacktotheirfanAverylongtimeagoclappingmeanttheofwhatitmeansnowWhenpeopledidnotlikeanactororaperformertheyclappedTheyweretryingtomakeasmuchnoiseaspossibleTheycontinuedtoclapuntiltheactorlefttheAtsometimeinhistorytheofclappingchangedItbecameacomplimentinsteadofaninsultNowwhenanaudiencewantstoshowgreatadmirationforaperformer,theynotonlyclapbuttheyThatiscalledastandingovationAstandingovationisthedreamofeveryperformer!PartⅡReadingComprehension(minutes)()Directions:TherearepassagesinthispartEachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatementsForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD)YoushoulddecideonthebestchoiceandmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecenterPassageOneQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageJosephWeizenbaum,professorofcomputerscienceatMIT,thinksthatthesenseofpoweroverthemachineultimatelycorruptsthecomputerhacker(黑客)andmakeshimintoanotverydesirablesortofprogrammerThehackersaresoinvolvedwithdesigningtheirprograms,makingitmoreandmorecomplexandbendingittotheirhill,thattheydon’tbothertryingtomakeitunderstandabletootherusersTheyrarelykeeprecordersoftheirprogramsforthebenefitofothers,andtheytakerarelytimetounderstandwhyaproblemoccurredComputerscienceteacherssaytheycanusuallypickouttheprospectivehackersintheircoursesbecausethesestudentsmaketheirhomeworkassignmentsmorecomplexthantheyneedtobeRatherthanusingthesimplestandmostdirectmethod,theytakejoyinaddingextrastepsjusttoprovetheiringenuityButperhapsthosehackersknowsomethingthatwedon’tabouttheshapeofthingstocome“ThathackerwhohadtobeliterallydraggedoffhischairatMITisnowamultimillionaireofthecomputerindustry,”saysMITProfessorMichaelDertouzos“AndtwoformerhackersbecamethefoundersofthehighlysuccessfulApplehomecomputercompany”Whenseeninthislight,thehackerphenomenonmaynotbesostrangeafterallIf,asmanypsychiatristssay,playisreallythebasisforallhumanactivity,thenthehackergamesarereallythepreparationforfuturedevelopmentsSherryTurkle,aprofessorofsociologyatMIT,pointsoutthatthecomputer,becauseitseemstoustobeso“intelligent”,so“capable”,so“human”,affectsthewaywethinkaboutourselvesandourideasaboutwhatweareShesaysthatcomputersandcomputertoysalreadyplayanimportantroleinchildren’seffortstodevelopanidentitybyallowingthemtotestideasaboutwhatisaliveandwhatisnotThePassagetellsaboutAwhathascausedtheemergenceofcomputerhackersBthestrangebehaviorofthecomputerhackersCtheimportanceofbringingupcomputerhackersDdifferentopinionsconcerningthehackerphenomenonProfessorWeizenbaumbelievesthehackers’strangebehavioriscausedbyAtheirdeliberateattemptstomaketheirproblemscomplexandimpracticableBtheirincompetenceinmakingnewcomputerprogrammesCtheirignoranceoftheresponsibilitytheyshouldassumeDtheirstrongdesiretocontrolthecomputerInProfessorBertouzos’opinion,whichofthefollowingistrueAThehackersarelikelytobeverysuccessfulbusinessmanBOnlyafewhackerswillbesuccessfulintheirlaterlifeCThehackersprobablyhavebetterinsightintothefuturethanotherpeopleDThecomputerindustrywillcertainlymakethehackersmillionairesThephrase“todevelopanidentity”(Line,Para)probablymeansAtocultivatecreativityBtoseekananswerCtobecomedistinguishedDtoformahabitThepassagetriestoconveytoitsreaderstheideathatAperhapsthehackerphenomenonisawelcomedevelopmentBthecomputerhackersarethehopeofthecomputerindustryCThecomputerhackerscouldbeusefulifunderproperguidanceDThehackersmayproveindispensabletothecomputerindustryPassageTwoQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageWithinaboutmillionyears,oneofthemammalsthatlivesinamarineenvironment,thewhale,hasdevelopedintothelargestofallanimalsformsHowever,atleastforthelastyears,troublehasclosedinonwhalesfromhumansWhaleshavebeenhuntedsinceabouttheeleventhcenturyCertaintypesofwhaleshavebeenhuntedtoomuchRecently,theirnumberhasbeenreducedsogreatlythattheyareindangerofbecomingextinctPeopleareworriedaboutthefactthatthenumberofwhalesisgettingsmallerandsmallerTheyareworkingtosavethemTherearereasonswhypeoplewanttoprotectthewhalesOnereasonisthatwhaleshelptokeepabalancebetweenplantsandanimalsPeoplehavebeenthrowingtheirwastesintotheoceansandseas,andthesewastesincreasetheamountofsaltinoceanandseawaterTheincreasedsalthelpssomeplantsandsomeverysmallcreaturestogrowbuttheseplantsandsmallcreaturesareharmfultofishHowever,whalesareeatinglargenumbersofplantsandanimalsthatgrowinverysaltywaterInthisway,whalesaredoingagoodjobastheykeeptheoceanwatercleanenoughforthefishInaddition,becausefishsupplynecessaryfoodformanypeople,whalesbecomeourgoodfriendswhichwewanttosaveSomepeoplearenowworkingtosavewhalesbyusingthelawTheyholdmeetingtoaskfishermentoreducethenumberofwhaleswhichcanbekilledinayearTheyalsoworkwithincountriestopersuadelawmakerstomakewhalingagainstthelawandtomaketheuseofwhaleproductsagainstthelawtooNowthisstruggletosavewhalesisgoingoninmanyplacesintheworldSomegovernmentswillnotletpeoplesellwhaleproductsintheircountriesOthergovernmentshavechangedthelawaboutwhalingManypeoplebelievethatsincethenumberofwhalesisregardedasaseriousworldproblem,theremainingwhaleswillbesavedThepassagemainlydiscussedAtheprotectionofwhalesBthestrangebehaviorsofwhalesCthemysteriouslifeofwhalesDtheadvantagesoftoomanywhalesFromthepassageweknowthatduringthelastyearshumanshaveAreturnedtonatureBlearnedhowtoswimCthreatenedtheexistenceofsomemarinemammalsDbeguntoharvestcertainplantsfromtheoceanasfoodAccordingtothepassage,certainkindsofwhaleswillsoonAkillmostoftheplantsandsmallcreaturesBfindsomeotherplacestoliveinCdieoutDdiefrompollutionSaltintheoceansusuallyAdecreasestheplantswhichareharmfultofishBgetsridofharmfulplantsandcreaturesCremovesthewastesthrownintothemDincreasestheplantsandsmallcreaturesthatdoharmtofishWhalesarehelpfultohumansbecauseAtheyeatalargequantityofplantsandcreaturesharmfultofishBtheymaketheoceansmoreandmoresaltyCtheyoftensavesailorslostinastormDtheycancommunicatewithhumansPassageThreeQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageWhatshouldyouthinkaboutintryingtofindyourcareerYouareprobablybetteratsomeschoolsubjectsthanothersThesemayshowstrengthsthatyoucanuseinyourworkAboywhoisgoodatmathematicscanusethatinanengineeringcareerAgirlwhospellswellandlikesEnglishmaybegoodatofficeworkSoitisimportanttoknowthesubjectsyoudowellinatschoolOntheotherhand,youmaynothaveanyspeciallystrongorweaksubjectsbutyourrecordsshowageneralsatisfactorystandardAlthoughnotallsubjectscanbeuseddirectlyinajob,theymayhaveindirectvalueAknowledgeofhistoryisnotrequiredformostjobsbutifhistoryisoneofyourgoodsubjectsyouwillhavelearnedtorememberfactsanddetailsThisisanabilitythatcanbeusefulinmanyjobsYourschoolmayhavetaughtyouskills,suchastypingortechnicaldrawing,whichyoucanuseinyourworkYoumaybegoodatmentalworkorcookeryandlookforajobwhereyoucanimprovetheseskillsIfyouhavehadaparttimejobonSaturdaysorinthesummer,thinkwhatyougainedfromitIfnothingelse,youmayhavelearnedhowtogettoworkontime,tofollowinstructionsandtogetonwitholderworkersYoumayhavelearnedtogivecorrectchangeinashop,forexampleJustasimportant,youmaybecomeinterestedinaparticularindustryorcareeryouseefromtheinsideinaparttimejobFacingyourweakpointsisalsopartofknowingyourselfYoumaybeallthumbswhenyouhandletools,perhapsyouareapoorspellerofcannotaddupacolumnoffiguresItisbettertofaceanyweaknessesthantopretendtheydonotexistYourschoolrecord,forinstance,maynotbetoogood,yetitisanimportantpartofyourbackgroundYoushouldnotbeapologeticaboutitbutinsteadrecognizethatyouwillhaveachanceofafreshstartatworkWhichofthefollowingbestsumsupthefirstparagraphATheimportanceofdoingwellatschoolBUsingschoolperformancetohelptochooseacareerCTheimportanceofbeinggoodatallsubjectsDTheindirectvalueofschoolworkThewriterthinksthatforastudenttohaveaparttimejobisprobablyAawasteoftimethatcouldhavebeenspentonstudyBusefulforhisfutureworkCagoodwaytoearnextramoneyDagoodwaytofindouthisweakpointsAccordingtothepassage,ifastudent’sschoolrecordisnotgood,heAwillbeacompletefailureinhisfutureworkBwillnotbeabletofindasuitablejobCwillregretnothavingworkedharderatschoolDmaydowellinhisfutureworkWhichsubjectissupposedtohavenodirectvalueforjobhuntingAMathematicsBEnglishCTechnicalDrawingDHistoryThewholepassagecentersonAchoosingacareeraccordingtowhatoneisskilledinBacquiringknowledgebyworkinghardatschoolCfindingone’sstrongandweakpointsDdevelopingone’sabilitiesusefulinschoolworkPartIIIVocabularyandStructure()Directions:ThereareincompletesentencesinthispartForeachsentencetherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheoneanswerthatbestcompletesthesentenceThegeneralstrikeisameansofthetotalauthorityofthegovernmentAincorporatingBreinforcingCchallengingDtransformingTheyworkhardtoabarrenlandscapeintoanareaofbeautifulpasturelandAtransformBtransitionCtransitDtransportGeorgetookofthefineweathertodoaday’sworkinhisgardenAchanceBinterestCadvantageDchargeI’dratheryoumakeanycommentontheissueforthetimebeingAdon’tBwouldn’tCdidn’tDshouldn’tThenewshoppingcenterwillnotbeuntilnextyearAusefulBavailableCavailDusingShallwegirlrosesAcompare…forBcompare…likeCcompare…withDcompare…toPleasemeifyoufeelsickAturndownBturntoCturnupDturntowardtheteacherlastnight,IwouldhaveaskedhimaboutAHadIseenBIhadseenCIfIsawDIfIhaveseenStopmakingsomuchnoise,foryouaremefrommyworkAattractingBdistractingCcontractingDcontactingTheforestwastofewtreesbythegreatfireAreducedBlessenedCdecreasedDrestrictedLet’sthinkofasituationthisidiomcanbeusedAwhereBwhichCthatDwhatPeoplewillnotbelievethosewhoalwaysAargueBexaggerateCquarrelDtelltruthWhentheevidenceofhisguilt,heconfessedatonceAfacedupwithBmetwithCopposedbyDconfrontedwithHisplanwasrejected,ofitsmeritsAregardlessBcountlessCbecauseDinvolvingAnycountryintheworldshouldalwaysbewithothercountriesAonpeaceBatpeaceCateaseDincaseit’srainingheavily,we’llhavetoputoffthepicnicANowthatBUnlessCIfDIfonlyHelooksyoung,infactheisinhisfiftiesAapparentlyBevidentlyCplainlyDclearlyThefailureintheexperimentthecarelessnessoftheyoungassistantAresultsinBresultsfromCleadstoDasaresultHisyoungerbrotherisheAtencentimeterstallthanBtencentimeterstallerthanCtencentimetersastallerthanDtencentimeterstallerasHeworksinthatUniversityAnolongerBnomoreClongerthanDnomorethanSpeechdifficultiesmaysometimesbeifapersonisshownwheretoplacethetongueandteethtomakesoundsAoverpaidBoverstatedCoverturnedDovercomeHispositionistohersAinferiorBhighClowDgoodHeseemstocriminalsAassociatedintoBassociatedinCassociatedwithDassociatedtoI’msureHarrywillremember,butwhynotgivehimaringheforgetsAinthecaseBincaseofCincaseDinthecaseofOnlyunderspecialcircumstancestotakemakeuptestsAfreshmenarepermittedBarefreshmenpermittedCpermittedarefreshmenDarepermittedfreshmenHeisaverysecretarySothebosswantstopromotehimAunlessBeffectiveCadequateDefficientGenerally,mostofthepeopleinworldarenotwillingtoforcetosolvethedisputeAaskforBlikeCresorttoDgetThenewarrivalwasthefamousscientistAnonebutBnothingbutCnoneotherthanDnothingotherthanHumanbeingshavethemselvestoverydiverseenvironmentswiththehelpoffire,agricultureandmachinesAadaptedBadoptedCadeptedDaddictedIt’snecessarythedictionaryimmediatelyAthathereturnedBthathereturnCthathewillreturnDthathehastoreturnPartVCloze()Directions:Foreachofthefollowingblanksfourchoicesaregiven,choosethemostappropriateoneThefirstmanwhocookedhisfood,insteadofeatingitraw,livedsolongagothatwehavenoideawhohewasorwherehelivedWedoknow,however,that()thousandsofyears,foodwasalwayseatencoldand()Perhapsthecookedfoodwasheatedaccidentallybya()fireorbythemeltedlavafromanerupting()Whenpeoplefirsttastedfoodthathadbeencooked,theyfoundittastedbetterHowever,()afterthisdiscovery,cookedfoodmusthaveremainedararity()manlearnedhowtomakeandlight()Primitivemenwholivedinhotregionscoulddependontheheatofthesun()theirfoodForexample,inthedesert()ofthesouthwesternUnitedStates,theIndianscookedtheirfoodby()itonaflat()inthehotsumTheycookedpieceofmeatandthincakesofcornmealinthis)Wesurmisethattheearliestkitchen()wasastick()whichapieceofmeatcouldbeattachedandheldoverafireLaterthisstickwas()byanironrodorspitwhichcouldbeturnedfrequentlytocookthemeat()allsidesCookingfoodinwaterwas()beforemanlearnedtomakewatercontainersthatcouldnotbe()byfireThe()cookingpotswerereedorgrassbasketsinwhichsoupsandstewscouldbecookedAsearlyasBC,theEgyptianshadlearnedtomake()permanentcookingpotsoutofsandstoneManyyearslater,theEskimoslearnedtomakesimilarpansA)inB)onC)throughD)ofA)rawB)crudeC)manmadeD)freshA)forestB)cookedC)kitchenD)lightningA)volcanoB)caveC)mountainD)valleyA)throughB)sinceC)soonD)evenA)whenB)whichC)untilD)asA)foodB)afireC)himselfD)itA)tocookB)cookingC)cookedD)cookA)placesB)realmsC)areasD)domainsA)beatingB)fryingC)dryingD)placingA)stoneB)boardC)tableD)plateA)zoneB)sectorC)methodD)fashionA)utensilB)instrumentC)toolD)equipmentA)byB)overC)onD)toA)supportedB)replacedC)changedD)switchedA)byB)onC)overD)atA)incapableB)unavoidableC)impossibleD)unpopularA)brokenB)destroyedC)spoiledD)piercedA)newestB)latestC)firstD)worstA)strongerB)betterC)moreD)longerPartVWriting()Directions:Forthispart,youareallowedthirtyminutestowriteacompositiononthetopic“AJobApplyingLetter”Youshouldwriteatleastwordsandyourcompositionshouldbebasedonthefollowing:)Reasonforwriting(includinghowyoufoundoutaboutthejob))Relevantinformationaboutyourself)Howtocontactyou)ClosingKeys:听力答案:ACCAACACCDpartsapproveclapperformerstogetherwithoppositestagemeaningnotonlyclapbuttheystandupandclapManyactorssaythatiswhattheyworksohardforApplause!Applause!DDCBAACCDABBDDA~CACCB~DBABA~ABDAB~AABBA~DACCB~DCCABDAAADCBACDACADBBCBCC

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