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首页 万能土方量计算公式

万能土方量计算公式.doc

万能土方量计算公式

蔷薇艳盼
2017-09-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《万能土方量计算公式doc》,可适用于综合领域

万能土方量计算公式基坑土方量计算公式公式:V=h(S上(S下*S上)S下)S上=S下=V=***=m基坑下底长m,下底宽m基坑上底长m,上底宽m开挖深度m,开挖坡率:求基坑开挖土方量、圆柱体:体积=底面积×高长方体:体积=长×宽×高正方体:体积,棱长×棱长×棱长,锥体:底面面积×高台体:V=S上(S上S下)S下h球缺体积公式,πh(Rh)球体积公式:V,πR棱柱体积公式:V,S底面×h,S直截面×ll为侧棱长,h为高)棱台体积:V=〔SS开根号S*S〕,*h注:V:体积S:上表面积S:下表面积h:高。几何体的表面积计算公式圆柱体:表面积:πRrπRh体积:πRRh(R为圆柱体上下底圆半径,h为圆柱体高)圆锥体:表面积:πRRπR(hhRR)的平方根体积:πRRh(r为圆锥体低圆半径,h为其高,平面图形名称符号周长C和面积SsulfuricacidsolutionNitricperchloricacid()mixtureAceticacidsodiumacetatesolution:weighgofsodiumacetate(NaAc•HO)dissolvedinmLwater,plusmLglacialaceticacid,adjustpHto,dilutedwithwatertomLgLchromazurols(Chromeazurols)solution:weighmgfreecreams,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLgLtrimethylaminealkylbromidesolution(weighingmgalkylbromidetrimethylamine,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLand,ifnecessary,heatthedissolutiongLAscorbicacidsolution:weighgAscorbicaciddissolveandconstantvolumetomLwithwateravailablenowmatchAluminiumstandardstocksolution:weighprecisiongaluminiumoxide(purity),plusmLmoILhydrochloricacidsolution,heatdissolved,aftercooling,moveintothemLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminumAluminiumstandardsolution:lessonsmLaluminumstandardstocksolution,placedinmLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscaleanddrawmLmLvolumetricflask,dilutetoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminum,instrumentsspectrophotometerFoodgrinderElectrichotplate,andsamplepulledactingwillsample(notincludingsandwich,stuffedpart)crusheduniform,takeaboutgresetoveninthedryh,saidtakeg~g,placedmLtaperedbottleinthe,Addendgrainglassbeads,addedlmL~mLnitricacidaperchlorate()mixedTaiwanliquid,covergoodglass正方形a―边长C,aS,a长方形a和b,边长C,(ab)S,ab三角形a,b,c,三边长h,a边上的高s,周长的一半A,B,C,内角其中s,(abc)S,ah,ab•sinC,s(sa)(sb)(sc),asinBsinC(sinA)四边形d,D,对角线长α,对角线夹角S,dD•sinα平行四边形a,b,边长h,a边的高α,两边夹角S,ah,absinα菱形a,边长α,夹角D,长对角线长d,短对角线长S,Dd,asinα梯形a和b,上、下底长h,高m,中位线长S,(ab)h,mh圆r,半径d,直径C,πd,πrS,πr,πd扇形r―扇形半径a―圆心角度数C,rπr×(a)S,πr×(a)弓形l,弧长S,r•(παsinα)b,弦长,rarccos(rh)r(rh)(rhh)h,矢高,παrb•r(b)r,半径,r(lb)bhα,圆心角的度数bh圆环R,外圆半径S,π(Rr)r,内圆半径,π(Dd)D,外圆直径d,内圆直径椭圆D,长轴S,πDdd,短轴平整场地:建筑物场地厚度在cm以内的挖、填、运、找平、平整场地计算规则清单规则:按设计图示尺寸以建筑物首层面积计算。定额规则:按设计图示尺寸以建筑物首层面积计算。、平整场地计算方法清单规则的平整场地面积:清单规则的平整场地面积,首层建筑面积sulfuricacidsolutionNitricperchloricacid()mixtureAceticacidsodiumacetatesolution:weighgofsodiumacetate(NaAc•HO)dissolvedinmLwater,plusmLglacialaceticacid,adjustpHto,dilutedwithwatertomLgLchromazurols(Chromeazurols)solution:weighmgfreecreams,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLgLtrimethylaminealkylbromidesolution(weighingmgalkylbromidetrimethylamine,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLand,ifnecessary,heatthedissolutiongLAscorbicacidsolution:weighgAscorbicaciddissolveandconstantvolumetomLwithwateravailablenowmatchAluminiumstandardstocksolution:weighprecisiongaluminiumoxide(purity),plusmLmoILhydrochloricacidsolution,heatdissolved,aftercooling,moveintothemLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminumAluminiumstandardsolution:lessonsmLaluminumstandardstocksolution,placedinmLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscaleanddrawmLmLvolumetricflask,dilutetoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminum,instrumentsspectrophotometerFoodgrinderElectrichotplate,andsamplepulledactingwillsample(notincludingsandwich,stuffedpart)crusheduniform,takeaboutgresetoveninthedryh,saidtakeg~g,placedmLtaperedbottleinthe,Addendgrainglassbeads,addedlmL~mLnitricacidaperchlorate()mixedTaiwanliquid,covergoodglass定额规则的平整场地面积:定额规则的平整场地面积,首层建筑面积、注意事项、有的地区定额规则的平整场地面积:按外墙外皮线外放米计算。计算时按外墙外边线外放米的图形分块计算,然后不底层建筑面积合并计算或者按“外放米的中心线×=外放米面积”不底层建筑面积合并计算。这样的话计算时会出现如下难点:、划分块比较麻烦,弧线部分不好处理,容易出现误差。、米的中心线计算起来较麻烦,不好计算。、外放米后可能出现重叠部分,到底应该扣除多少不好计算。、清单环境下投标人报价时候可能需要根据现场的实际情况计算平整场地的工程量,每边外放的长度不一样。大开挖土方、开挖土方计算规则、清单规则:挖基础土方按设计图示尺寸以基础垫层底面积乘挖土深度计算。、定额规则:人工或机械挖土方的体积应按槽底面积乘以挖土深度计算。槽底面积应以槽底的长乘以槽底的宽,槽底长和宽是指混凝土垫层外边线加工作面,如有排水沟者应算至排水沟外边线。排水沟的体积应纳入总土方量内。当需要放坡时,应将放坡的土方量合并于总土方量中。、开挖土方计算方法、清单规则:、计算挖土方底面积:方法一、利用底层的建筑面积外墙外皮到垫层外皮的面积。外墙外边线到垫层外边线的面积计算按外墙外边线外放图形分块计算或者按“外放图形的中心线×外放长度”计算。sulfuricacidsolutionNitricperchloricacid()mixtureAceticacidsodiumacetatesolution:weighgofsodiumacetate(NaAc•HO)dissolvedinmLwater,plusmLglacialaceticacid,adjustpHto,dilutedwithwatertomLgLchromazurols(Chromeazurols)solution:weighmgfreecreams,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLgLtrimethylaminealkylbromidesolution(weighingmgalkylbromidetrimethylamine,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLand,ifnecessary,heatthedissolutiongLAscorbicacidsolution:weighgAscorbicaciddissolveandconstantvolumetomLwithwateravailablenowmatchAluminiumstandardstocksolution:weighprecisiongaluminiumoxide(purity),plusmLmoILhydrochloricacidsolution,heatdissolved,aftercooling,moveintothemLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminumAluminiumstandardsolution:lessonsmLaluminumstandardstocksolution,placedinmLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscaleanddrawmLmLvolumetricflask,dilutetoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminum,instrumentsspectrophotometerFoodgrinderElectrichotplate,andsamplepulledactingwillsample(notincludingsandwich,stuffedpart)crusheduniform,takeaboutgresetoveninthedryh,saidtakeg~g,placedmLtaperedbottleinthe,Addendgrainglassbeads,addedlmL~mLnitricacidaperchlorate()mixedTaiwanliquid,covergoodglass方法二、分块计算垫层外边线的面积同分块计算建筑面积。、计算挖土方的体积:土方体积,挖土方的底面积*挖土深度。、定额规则:、利用棱台体积公式计算挖土方的上下底面积。V=×H×(S上×S中S下)计算土方体积其中,S上为上底面积,S中为中截面面积,S下为下底面面积。如下图S下,底层的建筑面积外墙外皮到挖土底边线的面积包括工作面、排水沟、放坡等。用同样的方法计算S中和S下、挖土方计算的难点、计算挖土方上中下底面积时候需要计算“各自边线到外墙外边线图”部分的中心线,中心线计算起来比较麻烦同平整场地。、中截面面积不好计算。、重叠地方不好处理同平整场地。、如果出现某些边放坡系数不一致,难以处理。、大开挖不基槽开挖、基坑开挖的关系槽底宽度在m以内且长度是宽度三倍以外者或槽底面积在m以内者为地槽,其余为挖土方。满堂基础垫层、满堂基础垫层工程量:如图所示,、素土垫层的体积、灰土垫层的体积、砼垫层的体积垫层模板、满堂基础垫层工程量计算方法sulfuricacidsolutionNitricperchloricacid()mixtureAceticacidsodiumacetatesolution:weighgofsodiumacetate(NaAc•HO)dissolvedinmLwater,plusmLglacialaceticacid,adjustpHto,dilutedwithwatertomLgLchromazurols(Chromeazurols)solution:weighmgfreecreams,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLgLtrimethylaminealkylbromidesolution(weighingmgalkylbromidetrimethylamine,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLand,ifnecessary,heatthedissolutiongLAscorbicacidsolution:weighgAscorbicaciddissolveandconstantvolumetomLwithwateravailablenowmatchAluminiumstandardstocksolution:weighprecisiongaluminiumoxide(purity),plusmLmoILhydrochloricacidsolution,heatdissolved,aftercooling,moveintothemLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminumAluminiumstandardsolution:lessonsmLaluminumstandardstocksolution,placedinmLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscaleanddrawmLmLvolumetricflask,dilutetoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminum,instrumentsspectrophotometerFoodgrinderElectrichotplate,andsamplepulledactingwillsample(notincludingsandwich,stuffedpart)crusheduniform,takeaboutgresetoveninthedryh,saidtakeg~g,placedmLtaperedbottleinthe,Addendgrainglassbeads,addedlmL~mLnitricacidaperchlorate()mixedTaiwanliquid,covergoodglass、素土垫层体积的计算:利用棱台的计算公式:素土垫层体积=×H×(S上×S中S下)计算土方体积其中,S上为上底面积,S中为中截面面积,S下为下底面面积。、灰土垫层体积的计算:利用棱台的计算公式:灰土垫层体积=×H×(S上×S中S下)计算土方体积其中,S上为上底面积,S中为中截面面积,S下为下底面面积。、素砼体积的计算:基础垫层不混凝土基础按混凝土的厚度划分,混凝土的厚度在cm以内者执行垫层子目厚度在cm以外者执行基础子目。垫层体积,垫层面积×垫层厚度。、垫层模板的计算:垫层模板,垫层的周长×垫层高度,建筑工程量计算公式:计算挖土方的体积:土方体积,挖土方的底面积*挖土深度。利用棱台体积公式计算挖土方的上下底面积。V=×H×(S上×S中S下)计算土方体积其中,S上为上底面积,S中为中截面面积,S下为下底面面积。S下,底层的建筑面积外墙外皮到挖土底边线的面积包括工作面、排水沟、放坡等。用同样的方法计算S中和S下。素土垫层体积的计算:利用棱台的计算公式:素土垫层体积=×H×(S上×S中S下)计算土方体积其中,S上为上底面积,S中为中截面面积,S下为下底面面积。灰土垫层体积的计算:sulfuricacidsolutionNitricperchloricacid()mixtureAceticacidsodiumacetatesolution:weighgofsodiumacetate(NaAc•HO)dissolvedinmLwater,plusmLglacialaceticacid,adjustpHto,dilutedwithwatertomLgLchromazurols(Chromeazurols)solution:weighmgfreecreams,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLgLtrimethylaminealkylbromidesolution(weighingmgalkylbromidetrimethylamine,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLand,ifnecessary,heatthedissolutiongLAscorbicacidsolution:weighgAscorbicaciddissolveandconstantvolumetomLwithwateravailablenowmatchAluminiumstandardstocksolution:weighprecisiongaluminiumoxide(purity),plusmLmoILhydrochloricacidsolution,heatdissolved,aftercooling,moveintothemLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminumAluminiumstandardsolution:lessonsmLaluminumstandardstocksolution,placedinmLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscaleanddrawmLmLvolumetricflask,dilutetoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminum,instrumentsspectrophotometerFoodgrinderElectrichotplate,andsamplepulledactingwillsample(notincludingsandwich,stuffedpart)crusheduniform,takeaboutgresetoveninthedryh,saidtakeg~g,placedmLtaperedbottleinthe,Addendgrainglassbeads,addedlmL~mLnitricacidaperchlorate()mixedTaiwanliquid,covergoodglass利用棱台的计算公式:灰土垫层体积=×H×(S上×S中S下)计算土方体积其中,S上为上底面积,S中为中截面面积,S下为下底面面积。素砼体积的计算:基础垫层不混凝土基础按混凝土的厚度划分,混凝土的厚度在cm以内者执行垫层子目厚度在cm以外者执行基础子目。垫层体积,垫层面积×垫层厚度。垫层模板的计算:垫层模板,垫层的周长×垫层高度满堂基础梁的体积计算方法:满堂基础梁的体积=梁的净长×梁的净高素土垫层工程量外墙条基素土工程量,外墙素土中心线的长度×素土的截面积内墙条基素土工程量,内墙素土净长线的长度×素土的截面积灰土垫层工程量外墙条基灰土工程量,外墙灰土中心线的长度×灰土的截面积内墙条基灰土工程量,内墙灰土净长线的长度×灰土的截面积砼垫层工程量外墙条基砼垫层基础,外墙条形基础砼垫层的中心线长度×砼垫层的截面积内墙条基砼垫层基础,内墙条形基础砼垫层的净长线长度×砼垫层的截面积条形基础工程量外墙条形基础的工程量,外墙条形基础中心线的长度×条形基础的截面积内墙条形基础的工程梁,内墙条形基础净长线的长度×条形基础的截面积注意:净长线的计算砖条形基础按内墙净长线计算sulfuricacidsolutionNitricperchloricacid()mixtureAceticacidsodiumacetatesolution:weighgofsodiumacetate(NaAc•HO)dissolvedinmLwater,plusmLglacialaceticacid,adjustpHto,dilutedwithwatertomLgLchromazurols(Chromeazurols)solution:weighmgfreecreams,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLgLtrimethylaminealkylbromidesolution(weighingmgalkylbromidetrimethylamine,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLand,ifnecessary,heatthedissolutiongLAscorbicacidsolution:weighgAscorbicaciddissolveandconstantvolumetomLwithwateravailablenowmatchAluminiumstandardstocksolution:weighprecisiongaluminiumoxide(purity),plusmLmoILhydrochloricacidsolution,heatdissolved,aftercooling,moveintothemLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminumAluminiumstandardsolution:lessonsmLaluminumstandardstocksolution,placedinmLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscaleanddrawmLmLvolumetricflask,dilutetoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminum,instrumentsspectrophotometerFoodgrinderElectrichotplate,andsamplepulledactingwillsample(notincludingsandwich,stuffedpart)crusheduniform,takeaboutgresetoveninthedryh,saidtakeg~g,placedmLtaperedbottleinthe,Addendgrainglassbeads,addedlmL~mLnitricacidaperchlorate()mixedTaiwanliquid,covergoodglass地圈梁工程量外墙地圈梁的工程量,外墙地圈梁中心线的长度×地圈梁的截面积内墙地圈梁的工程梁,内墙地圈梁净长线的长度×地圈梁的截面积基础墙工程量外墙基础墙的工程量,外墙基础墙中心线的长度×基础墙的截面积内墙基础墙的工程梁,内墙基础墙净长线的长度×基础墙的截面积基槽的土方体积基槽的土方体积,基槽的截面面积×基槽的净长度独立基础垫层的体积垫层体积,垫层面积×垫层厚度独立基础垫层模板垫层模板,垫层周长×垫层高度独立基础体积独立基础体积,各层体积相加用长方体和棱台公式独立基础模板独立基础模板,各层周长×各层模板高承台基础垫层的体积垫层体积,垫层面积×垫层厚度承台基础垫层模板垫层模板,垫层周长×垫层高度承台基础体积独立基础体积,各层体积相加用长方体和棱台公式sulfuricacidsolutionNitricperchloricacid()mixtureAceticacidsodiumacetatesolution:weighgofsodiumacetate(NaAc•HO)dissolvedinmLwater,plusmLglacialaceticacid,adjustpHto,dilutedwithwatertomLgLchromazurols(Chromeazurols)solution:weighmgfreecreams,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLgLtrimethylaminealkylbromidesolution(weighingmgalkylbromidetrimethylamine,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLand,ifnecessary,heatthedissolutiongLAscorbicacidsolution:weighgAscorbicaciddissolveandconstantvolumetomLwithwateravailablenowmatchAluminiumstandardstocksolution:weighprecisiongaluminiumoxide(purity),plusmLmoILhydrochloricacidsolution,heatdissolved,aftercooling,moveintothemLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminumAluminiumstandardsolution:lessonsmLaluminumstandardstocksolution,placedinmLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscaleanddrawmLmLvolumetricflask,dilutetoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminum,instrumentsspectrophotometerFoodgrinderElectrichotplate,andsamplepulledactingwillsample(notincludingsandwich,stuffedpart)crusheduniform,takeaboutgresetoveninthedryh,saidtakeg~g,placedmLtaperedbottleinthe,Addendgrainglassbeads,addedlmL~mLnitricacidaperchlorate()mixedTaiwanliquid,covergoodglass承台基础模板独立基础模板,各层周长×各层模板高构造柱工程量计算构造柱体积,构造柱体积马牙差体积其中马牙槎体积,马牙槎不墙相交宽度*马牙槎嵌入墙内的长度*构造柱高度构造柱模板,构造柱模板马牙差模板马牙槎模板面积,马牙槎嵌入墙内的长度*构造柱高度框架柱体积,框架柱截面积*框架柱柱高其中柱高:a有梁板的柱高,应自柱基上表面(或楼板上表面)至上一层楼板上表面之间的高度计算。b无梁板的柱高,应自柱基上表面(或楼板上表面)至柱帽下表面之间的高度计算。c框架柱的柱高,应自柱基上表面至柱顶高度计算。框架柱的模板,框架柱周长*框架柱支模高度梁侧装修=梁外露长度*装修长度梁的模板面积,梁侧面高之和梁底*梁的长度板的体积,板的面积×板的厚度板的模板,板的底模板的周边模板板的底模,板的底面净面积板的周边模板,板的外露周边长度×板的厚度楼梯体积=踏步体积梯板体积踏步体积=三角形面积*踏步宽度*踏步高度*梯板净宽*踏宽数。其中:踏步个数=踏宽数踏宽数=楼梯净长踏步宽度楼梯净长:等于踏步段水sulfuricacidsolutionNitricperchloricacid()mixtureAceticacidsodiumacetatesolution:weighgofsodiumacetate(NaAc•HO)dissolvedinmLwater,plusmLglacialaceticacid,adjustpHto,dilutedwithwatertomLgLchromazurols(Chromeazurols)solution:weighmgfreecreams,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLgLtrimethylaminealkylbromidesolution(weighingmgalkylbromidetrimethylamine,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLand,ifnecessary,heatthedissolutiongLAscorbicacidsolution:weighgAscorbicaciddissolveandconstantvolumetomLwithwateravailablenowmatchAluminiumstandardstocksolution:weighprecisiongaluminiumoxide(purity),plusmLmoILhydrochloricacidsolution,heatdissolved,aftercooling,moveintothemLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminumAluminiumstandardsolution:lessonsmLaluminumstandardstocksolution,placedinmLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscaleanddrawmLmLvolumetricflask,dilutetoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminum,instrumentsspectrophotometerFoodgrinderElectrichotplate,andsamplepulledactingwillsample(notincludingsandwich,stuffedpart)crusheduniform,takeaboutgresetoveninthedryh,saidtakeg~g,placedmLtaperedbottleinthe,Addendgrainglassbeads,addedlmL~mLnitricacidaperchlorate()mixedTaiwanliquid,covergoodglass平投影净长,即扣减墙后的长度踏步高度=楼梯高度踏步个数梯板净宽=楼梯宽度扣减墙后的宽度。梯板体积=梯板净宽*楼梯斜长*梯板厚度。其中:楼梯斜长=K*楼梯水平投影长度楼梯水平投影长度=楼梯净长K=SQRT踏步宽度^踏步高度^踏步宽度休息平台体积:计算同板。如果休息平台不墙相交,扣除不墙相交部分体积楼梯栏板、栏杆栏板按面积或者体积计算栏板体积,栏板面积×栏板厚度计算栏板面积,栏板长度×栏板高度计算栏板长度是楼梯的实际长度,即斜长度楼梯侧面装修=踏步侧面面积梯板侧面积其中:踏步侧面面积=*踏步宽度*踏步高度*踏步个数梯板侧面积=楼梯斜长*梯板厚度。楼梯底面装修=楼梯底部面积楼梯模板=楼梯侧模楼梯底模计算同装修面积。sulfuricacidsolutionNitricperchloricacid()mixtureAceticacidsodiumacetatesolution:weighgofsodiumacetate(NaAc•HO)dissolvedinmLwater,plusmLglacialaceticacid,adjustpHto,dilutedwithwatertomLgLchromazurols(Chromeazurols)solution:weighmgfreecreams,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLgLtrimethylaminealkylbromidesolution(weighingmgalkylbromidetrimethylamine,dissolveanddilutewithwatertomLand,ifnecessary,heatthedissolutiongLAscorbicacidsolution:weighgAscorbicaciddissolveandconstantvolumetomLwithwateravailablenowmatchAluminiumstandardstocksolution:weighprecisiongaluminiumoxide(purity),plusmLmoILhydrochloricacidsolution,heatdissolved,aftercooling,moveintothemLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminumAluminiumstandardsolution:lessonsmLaluminumstandardstocksolution,placedinmLvolumetricflaskanddilutedtoscaleanddrawmLmLvolumetricflask,dilutetoscalePermlofthissolutioncorrespondstoμggaluminum,instrumentsspectrophotometerFoodgrinderElectrichotplate,andsamplepulledactingwillsample(notincludingsandwich,stuffedpart)crusheduniform,takeaboutgresetoveninthedryh,saidtakeg~g,placedmLtaperedbottleinthe,Addendgrainglassbeads,addedlmL~mLnitricacidaperchlorate()mixedTaiwanliquid,covergoodglass

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