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首页 英语定语从句

英语定语从句.doc

英语定语从句

爱刻骨铭心yy
2018-08-07 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语定语从句doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

英语定语从句WhwordsvNpronWhwordsv定语从句,一定语从句一般由关系代词和关系副词引导、关系代词:who,whom,whose,which,that,as、关系副词:when,where,why关系代词和关系副词必须位于从句之首主句先行词之后起着连接先行词和从句的作用同时在从句中又充当句子成分。egSheisthegirlwhothatsingsbestofall(关系代词who在从句中作主语)ThecomradewithwhomIcameknowsFrench(whom在从句中作介词with的宾语)、关系代词和关系副词的用法:)当先行词为人时用who作主语宾语whom作宾语TheyrushedovertothewomanwhothatwashurtinherlegTheyrushedovertothewomanwhowhomthattheysaw)当先行词为物或整个句子时用which可作主语或宾语)先行词为人、物时用that可作主语或宾语IsawafilmthatwhichwaswonderfulIsawafilmthatwhichweliked)whose用作定语可指人或物。。。的ThisisthehousewhosewindowfacessouthThisisMarywhosehomeworkisgood)关系副词when(指时间在定语从句中作时间状语where(指地点在定语从句中作地点状语)why(指原因在定语从句中作原因状语)。PrepwhichIwillneverforgetthedaythatwhichwespentthereIwillneverforgetthedaywhenonwhichIjoinedthearmyThisistheschoolthatwhichisfamousThisistheschoolthatwhichwevisiteddaysagoThisistheschoolwherefromwhichhegraduatedyearsagoHereisthereasonthatwhichisreasonableHereisthereasonwhyforwhichweworkasactorsAs,so,thesame,suchItwasnotsuchadeliciousdinnerashehadpromisedItwasnotsodeliciousadinnerashehadpromisedHeboughtthesamecameraasshelostyesterdayPleasereadasmanybooksasyoucan(read),二限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句、限制性定语从句:从句与主句关系密切去掉从句主句意义不完整甚至不合逻辑。egIwastheonlypersoninourofficewhothatwasinvited(去掉定语从句意思就不完整)、非限制性定语从句:从句对先行词关系不密切去掉定从句意思仍然完整。形式上用逗号隔开不能that用引导。egTom’sfather,whoisoversixty,stillworksharddayandnight(who引导非限制性定语从句整个句子可分成两句来翻译)Thisistheletter,whichcamelastnight,三使用定语从句时特别注意的几个问题、that与which的区别。)用that而不用which的情况:先行词为不定代词all、much、little、none、few、one、something、anything,nothing,somebody…先行词有最高级修饰有序数词修饰先行词有only、any、few、little、no、all、oneof,very等词修饰先行词既有人又有物时。egThereisnothingthatcanpreventhimfromdoingit没有什么能阻止他不干那件事。AllthathesaidwasacceptedbythecommitteeThefirstplacethattheyvisitedinGuilinwasElephantTrunkHill在桂林他们所参观的第一个地方是象鼻山。ThisisthebestfilmthatIhaveeverseen这部电影是我看过的最好的一部。MrSmithistheonlyforeignerwhowhomthatheknows史密斯先生是他认识的唯一的外国人。ThisistheonlybookthattheprofessormentionedatthemeetingVeryadj正是的就是的ThisistheverynovelthatiwantedThesearethepersonsandthegoodsthatwearelookingfor)用which而不用that的情况:引导非限制性定语从句代表整个主句的意思Which这放句中可用于肯定或否定的从句。as这放句中或句首只可用于肯定的从句。介词whichwhom。egHehadfailedinthemathsexam,whichasmadehisfatherveryangry他数学考试没有及格这使他的父亲很生气。Asmade,hefailedHehadfailedinthemathsexam,anditmadehisfatherveryangryThisistheroominwhichwheremyfatherlivedlastyear这是父亲去年居住过的房子。Hehasthreedaughters,allofwhomarebeautiful)as引导定语从句时的用法as引导限制性定语从句通常用于thesame…as,such…as结构中。egIwantthesameshirtasmyfriend’s我要一件跟我朋友一样的衬衫。SuchmachinesasareusedinourworkshoparemadeinChina我们车间使用的这种机器是中国制造的。as引导非限制性定语从句既可放在主句之前也可放在主句之后用来修饰整个句子。通常用下列句型:asisknowntoall,asissaid,asisreported,asisannounced,asweallknow,asIexpect,asisthecase等。egAsIexpected,hegotthefirstplaceagaininthismidtermexamination正如我所预料的那样他在这次期中考试中又获得了第一名。)as引导非限制性定语从句时与which的区别当主句和从句语义一致时用as反之用which来引导非限制性定语从句。egHemadealongspeech,asweexpectedHemadealongspeech,whichwasunexpected当非限制定语从句为否定时常用which引导。egTomdrinksaloteveryday,whichhiswifedoesn’tlikeatallItiswellknownthatheiscleverAsiswellknown,heisclever关系代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词单数还是用复数应由先行词决定。egThemanwholivesdownstairsspeaksEnglishfluently住在楼下的那个人英语说得很流利。ThestudentswhoareinGradeThreearegoingtoclimbthehilltomorrow定语从句有时不直接紧靠先行词,中间由一个定语、状语或谓语隔开。egThereisanexpressioninhiseyesthatIcan’tunderstand引导定语从句的关系副词有时可以用“介词which”来代替。when指时间=inatonduringwhichwhere指地点=inatfromwhichwhy指原因=forwhichegOctober,wasthedayonwhich(=when)thePeople’sRepublicofChinawasfoundedThereasonwhyforwhichidon'tlikesummeristhatitisveryhotinsummer当定语从句中谓语动词是带介词或副词的固定短语动词时,短语动词的各个固定部分不要拆开。egThesickman(whomthatwhosheislookingafter)isherfatherThesickman(afterwhomheislooking)isherfather介词在关系代词前,只能用which和whom,且不能省略介词在句尾,关系代词可有which,that,whom,口语中也可用who,且可省略。egTheman(whomwhothatyouweretalkingabout)hascometoschoolTheman(aboutwhomyouweretalking)hascometoschool练习定语从句一、把下列每对句子合并成含有定语从句的主从复合句,ThefanisonthedeskYouwantitThemanisinthenextroomHebroughtourtextbookshereyesterdayThemagazineismineHehastakenitawayThestudentswillnotpasstheexamTheydon’tstudyhardThewomanisourgeographyteacherYousawherintheparkTheletterisfrommysisterIreceivedityesterdayTheplaywaswonderfulWesawitlastnightThetrainwaslateItwasgoingtoNanningTheboyismybrotherHewashereaminuteagoThetreeisquitetallHeisclimbingitHereisthegirlHerbrotherworksinthisshopThat’sthechildWewerelookingathisdrawingjustnowThisistheboyHissisterisafamoussingerIwanttotalktotheboysTheirhomeworkhaven’tbeenhandedinIsthatthewomanHerdaughterisinmyclassHeusedtoliveinabighouseInfrontofitgrewmanybananatreesTheypassedafactoryAtthebackofthefactorytherewerericefieldsThesoldierrantothebuildingOnthetopofitflewaflagIntheeveningtheyarrivedatahillAtthefootofthehilltherewasatempleShecameintoabigroomInthemiddleofitstoodalargetable二、根据句子意思,在第一个空白处填入介词,在第二个填入关系代词whom或which:ThepersonIspokejustnowisthemanagerthatItoldyouaboutThepencilhewaswritingbrokeWuDong,Iwenttotheconcert,enjoyeditverymuchThetwothingsMarxwasnotsurewerethegrammarandsomeoftheidiomsofEnglishHerbag,sheputallherbooks,hasnotbeenfoundThestoriesabouttheLongMarch,thisisoneexample,arewellwritten三、选择填空,ThemanvisitedourschoolyesterdayisfromLondonAwhoBwhichCwhomDwhenThewomanistalkingtomymotherisafriendofhersAwhoseBwhoCwhomDwhichBecauseofmypoormemory,allyoutoldmehasbeenforgottenAthatBwhichCwhatDasDoyourememberthosedayswespentalongtheseashoreveryhappilyAwhenBwhereCwhichDwhoTomdidnottakeawaythecamerabecauseitwasjustthesamecamerahelostlastweekAwhichBthatCwhomDasThosewanttogopleasesigntheirnameshereAwhomBwhichCwhoDwhenWhereisthemanImetthismorningAwhenBwhereCwhichDwhoWhoisthewomanissweepingtheflooroverthereAwhoBCthatDwhenThemanyoutalkedjustnowisaworkerAwhoBwhomCtowhomDtowhoThemanyouaregoingtomakefriendsismyfather’sneighbourAwithwhomBwhenCtowhomDwhichThedoctorisleavingforAfricanextmonthAthenurseistalkingtohimBwhomthenurseistalkingCthenurseistalkingtoDwhothenurseistalkingThemanaroundourschoolisfromAmericaAwhichyoushowedByoushowedhimCyoushowedDwhereyoushowedHetalkedaboutaheronoonehadeverheardAofwhomBfromwhomCaboutthatDwhoInfacttheSwededidnotunderstandthethreequestionswereaskedinFrenchAwhereBwhoCinwhichDwhichHaveyoureadthebookIlenttoyouAthatBwhomCwhenDwhoseFinally,thethiefhandedovereverythinghehadstolentothepoliceAthatBwhichCwhateverDallTheforeignguests,weregovernmentofficials,werewarmlywelcomedattheairportAmostofthemBmostofthatCmostofwhomDmostofthoseThisistheverylettercamelastnightAwhoBwhichCthatDasIknowonlyalittleaboutthismatteryoumayaskknowsbetterthanIAwhoeverBwhomeverCanyoneDtheoneThisistheschoolwevisitedthreedaysagoAwhereBCwhenDwhatThisisthefactoryweworkedayearagoAwhereBthatCwhichDonwhichNearbyweretwocanoestheyhadcometotheislandAwhichBinwhichCthatDJackispleasedwithyouhavegivenhimandallyouhavetoldhimAthat,whatBwhat,thatCwhich,whatDthat,whichDoyouworknearthebuildingcolourisyellowAthatBwhichCitsDwhoseInthedarkstreet,therewasn’tasinglepersonshecouldturnforhelpAwhomBwhoCtowhomDformwhomIsthisschoolwevisitedthreeyearsagoAtheoneBwhichCthatDwhereIsthistheschoolwevisitedthreeyearsagoAtheoneBwhereCinwhichD,HowmanystudentsarethereinyourclasshomesareinthecountryAwhoseBwhoCwhomDwhichAlicereceivedaninvitationfromherboss,cameasasurpriseAitBwhichCthatDheThetrainwascrowdedandIhadtogetintoacarriagealreadysevenotherpeopleAwhentherewereBwhichtherewereCthattherewereDwheretherewereIliveinthehousewindowsfacesouthAwhichBwhoseCwhereDinthatWhatgameispopularwiththemThemostistennisAgametheylikeitBgametheylikeCbestgametheylikeDbestgametheylikeitTheystayedwithmethreeweeks,theydrankallthewineIhadAwhichBwhichtimeCduringwhichtimeDduringwhichTheroomMrWhitelivesisnotverylargeAthatBwhichCwhereDwhenDon’tforgetthedayyouwerereceivedintotheYouthLeagueAwhenBthatCatwhichDwhereI’vefinishedwritingthenovel,istobepublishednextmonthAthatBwhatCwhichDwhenHereturnedhomesafeandsoundafterafiercebattle,wasunexpectedAwhichBasCthatDitweisknowntoall,EnglishisnotverydifficulttolearnAWhatBAsCThatDWhichTheoldmanhadthreesons,allofdiedduringWorldWarAwhoseBthatCwhomDwhoIhaveboughttwopens,writewellAnoneofwhichBneitherofwhichCbothofwhichDallofwhichDoyouknowthereasonshehaschangedhermindAwhyBwhichCforthatDofwhichHefailedintheexam,provesthathewasn’tworkinghardenoughAwhichBwhatCitDthatDuringtheweekhetriedtocollectmaterialsforhisarticleAfollowingBfollowedCtofollowDthatfollowedwasexpected,hesucceededintheexamAItBWhichCAsDThatHestudiedhardandlaterbecameawellknownwriter,hisfatherexpectedAthatwaswhatBwhatwasthatCandwhichwasDwhichwaswhatWeshouldreadsuchbookswillmakeusbetterandwiserAwhenBasCwhoseDwhatYoumustshowmywifethesamerespectyoushowmeAwhenBasCwhoseDwhatHeisabsentisoftenthecaseAwhatBwhichCwhoDasItisthefirsttimeIhavecometoyourcityAthatBwhichCwhatDwhenWhohasthesameideaasitwilldoitinthiswayAwhoBthatCwhomDwhichIshallneverforgetthoseyearsIlivedinthecountrywiththefarmers,hasagreateffectonmylifeAthat,whichBwhen,whichCwhich,thatDwhen,whoThisistheonlybookIcanfindAthatBwhichCitDwithwhichIdon’tlikeyouspeaktoherAthewayBthewayinthatCthewaywhichDthewayofwhichThatisoneofthosebooksthatworthreadingAisBareChasDhaveThisistheonlyoneofthestudentswhosehandwritingthebestAisBareChasDhaveTherewastopreventtheaccidentAsomethingcoulddoBanythingwecoulddoCnothingwecouldn’tdoDnothingwecoulddo参考答案定语从句一、ThefanthatyouwantisonthedeskThemanwhobroughtourtextbookshereyesterdayisinnextroomThemagazinewhichhehastakenawayismineThestudentswhodon’tstudyhardwillnotpasstheexamThewomanyousawintheparkisourgeographyteacherTheletterIreceivedyesterdayisfrommysisterTheplaythatwesawlastnightwaswonderfulThetrainwhichwasgoingtoNanningwaslateTheboywhowashereaminuteagoismybrotherThetreeheisclimbingisquitetallHereisthegirlwhosebrotherworksinthisshopThat’sthechildwhosedrawingwewerelookingatjustnowThisistheboywhosesisterisafavoussingerIwanttotalktotheboywhosehomeworkhasn’tbeenhandedinIsthatthewomanwhosedaughterisinmyclassHeusedtoliveinabighouse,infrontofwhichgrewmanybananatreesTheypassedafactory,atthebackofwhichtherewerericefieldsThesoldierrantothebuilding,onthetopofwhichflewaflagIntheeveningtheyarrivedatahill,atthefootofwhichtherewasatempleShecameintoabigroom,inthemiddleofwhichstoodalargetable二、towhomwihtwhichwithwhomaboutwhichinwhichofwhich三、~ABACD~CDCCA~CCADA~ACCAB~ABBDC~ADABD~BBDCA~CABCC~AADCD~BBDAB

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