下载

1下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 初中一年级英语语法

初中一年级英语语法.doc

初中一年级英语语法

SamanthaOK
2017-09-01 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《初中一年级英语语法doc》,可适用于初中教育领域

初中一年级英语语法初一英语语法Unit名词英语的十大词类词类英语名称作用例词名词Noun(n)表示人或事物的名称pencake形容词Adjective(a)表示人或事物的特征badsmall副词Adverb(ad)修饰动词、形容词或其它副词veryquickly动词Verbs表示动作或状态studybe代词Pronouns(pron)代替名词、数词等theyone数词Numerals(num)表示数量或顺序fiveten冠词Articles(art)限制名词的意义aanthe介词Prepositions(prep)表示名词、代词和其它词的关系inforof连词Conjunction(conj)连结词与词或句与句andbecause感叹词Interjection(interj)表示说话时的感情或口气ohhey例句:Iloveyou我爱你SheisalovelygirlMilk:Iliketodrinkmilk(名词)我喜欢喝牛奶那么再看下一句:Sheismilkingthecow(动词)她正在„„,IlikeahotmilkydrinkatbedtimeThatcowisagoodmilker那头母牛„„,那头母牛产奶量很高名词分为专有名词和普通名词专有名词表示个人、地方、机构、组织等。如:TomtheGreatWalltheSpringFestivalFrancetheUnitedStates)普通名词包括可数名词和不可数名词可数名词可用作单数也可用作复数。可数名词包括个体名词(表示一类人或物的个体。如:boydeskcatwindow)和集体名词(由若干个体组成的集合体。如:familyclasspolice)。不可数名词包括物质名词(表示无法分为个体的实物。如:waterpapersilkmoney)和抽象名词(表示性质、行为、状态、感情或其它抽象概念。如:workhappinessmusicdifficultyhousework)动词的一种变化形式比如说reading,writingrunning等等这些词都是没有复数的阿要牢记名词的种类America美国Shanghai上海theGreatWall长城专国名、地点、人名等Jenney(珍妮)有名theUnitedNations联合国theCommunistPartyofChina团体、机构的名称等词中国共产谓语举例:Whataninterestingbookitis!Howbeautifulsheis!例题:TomhishomeworkathomeADodoBDoesdoCDoesdidDDiddidEverydaythewomenanycleaningintheafternoonAdoesn’tBisn’tdoCisn’tdoingDdoesn’tdothedoor,pleaseAOpenBToopenCopeningDOpeneddrawonthewallANotBDoesn’tCDon’tDDidn’tinterestingstoryitis!AWhatBWhataCWhatanDHowbeautifultheseflowersare!AWhataBWhatCHowaDHowisyourmotherAHowBWhoCWhichDWhatThereisnowaterintheglass,Aisn’titBisn’tthereCisitDisthereIdon’tthinkyouareright,AdoIBdoyouCareyouDaren’tyou能力测试:IcarrytheheavyboxAcan’tBnotCnotcanDamnotisyourfatherHe’sfineAHowBwhatCwhoDHowoldTheyhadagoodtimeyesterday,theyAdidBhadn’tCdidn’tDhadSally’sneverbeentoshanghai,sheAhadn’tBisn’tChasDisgoodstudentstheyare!AWhatBHowCWhataDHowa七年级英语(下)复习提纲UnitWhere’syourpenpalfrom一(短语:(befrom=comefrom来自于(livein居住在(onweekends在周末(writetosb=writealettertosb给某人写信写信给某人(intheworld在世界上inChina在中国(penpal笔友yearsold岁favoritesubject最喜欢的科目(theUnitedStates美国theUnitedKingdom英国NewYork纽(speakEnglish讲英语likeanddislike爱憎(gotothemovies去看电影playsports做运动二(重点句式:Where’syourpenpalfrom=WheredoesyourpenpalfromWheredoesheliveWhatlanguage(s)doeshespeakIwantapenpalinChinaIcanspeakEnglishandalittleFrenchPleasewriteandtellmeaboutyourselfCanyouwritetomesoonIlikegoingtothemovieswithmyfriendsandplayingsports三(本单元的国家人民、语言对应。CanadaCanadianEnglishFrenchFranceFrenchFrenchJapanJapaneseJapaneseAustraliaAustralianEnglishtheUnitedStatesAmericanEnglishtheUnitedKingdomBritishEnghishUnitWhere’sthepostoffice一(Askingways:(问路)(Whereis(thenearest)„„,(最近的)„„在哪里,(Canyoutellmethewayto„„,你能告诉我去„„的路吗,(HowcanIgetto„„,我怎样到达„„呢,(Isthere„„nearhereintheneighborhood附近有„„吗,(Whichisthewayto„„,哪条是去„„的路,二(Showingtheways:(指路)Gostraightdownalongthisstreet沿着这条街一直走。Turnleftatthesecondturning在第二个路口向左转。Youwillfinditonyourright你会在你右手边发现它。Itisaboutonehundredmetresfromhere离这里大约一百米远。You’dbettertakeabus你最好坐公交车去。(You’dbetter动词原形)三(词组acrossfrom„„在„„的对面acrossfromthebank在银行的对面nextto„„紧靠„„nexttothesupermarket紧靠超市between„„and„„在„„和„„之间betweentheparkandthezoo在公园和动物园之间among表示位于三者或三者以上之间infrontof„„在„„前面Thereisatreeinfrontoftheclassroom课室前面有棵树。inthefrontof„„在„„(内)的前部Thereisadeskinthefrontoftheclassroom课室内的前部有张桌子。behind„„在„„后面behindmyhouse在我家后面turnleftright向左右拐ontheleftrightof„„在某物的左右边ontheleftofourschool在我们学校的左边onone’sleftright在某人的左右边onmyleft在我左边gostraight一直走downalong„„沿着„„(街道downalongCenterStreet沿着中央街intheneighborhood=nearhere在附近welcometo„„欢迎来到„„takehaveawalk散步thebeginningof„„„„的开始,前端atthebeginningof„„在„„的开始,前端inthebeginning起初一开始havefun=haveagoodtime=enjoyoneself玩得开心过得愉快我昨天玩得很开心。IhadfunyesterdayIhadagoodtimeyesterdayIenjoyedmyselfyesterdayhaveagoodtrip旅途愉快takeataxi坐出租车到达:getto地方getheretherehome到这那家arrivein大地方IarriveinBeijingarriveat小地方Iarriveatthebankreach地方(goacross从物体表面横过goacrossthestreet横过马路gothrough从空间穿过gothroughtheforest穿过树林(on街道的名称。Eg:onCenterStreetat具体门牌号街道的名称Eg:atCenterStreet三(重难点解析(enjoydoingsth享受做某事的乐趣喜爱做某事Ienjoyreading我喜爱读书。到目前为止我们学了两个特殊的动词finish和enjoy都是要带doingIfinishcleaningtheroom我扫完了这间屋子。(hopetodosth希望做某事Ihopetopassthisexam我希望通过这次考试。hope从句Ihopetomorrowwillbefine我希望明天将会晴朗。(从句即是一个小句子这个小句子又放在大句子中从属于大句子所以叫从句。如tomorrowwillbefine是一个从句它又放在Ihope的后面形成句中有句。)if引导一个表示假设的句子。IfIhavemuchmoney,Iwillgotothemoon如果我有许多钱我就会去月球。Ifyouarehungry,youcanbuysomefoodinthesupermarket如果你饿了的话你可以在超市买一些食物。四(本单元的反义词、近义词配对、newold、quietbusy、dirtyclean、bigsmallUnitWhydoyoulikekoalabears一(重点词组eatgrasseatleavesbequietveryshyverysmartverycuteplaywithherfriendskindofSouthAfricaotheranimalsatnightinthedayeverydayduringtheday二交际用语WhydoyoulikepandasBecausethey’reverycleverWhydoeshelikekoalasBecausethey’rekindofinterestingWherearelionsfromTheyarefromSouthAfricaWhatotheranimalsdoyoulikeIlikedogs,tooWhyBecausethey’refriendlyandcleverMollylikestoplaywithherfriendsandeatgrassShe’sveryshyHeisfromAustralia(Hesleepsduringtheday,butatnighthegetsupandeatsleaves(Heusuallysleepsandrelaxeshourseveryday(Let’sseethepandasfirst(They’rekindofinteresting(Whatotheranimalsdoyoulike(Whydoyouwanttoseethelions三重点难点释义、kindof有点稍微Koalabearsarekindofshy考拉有点害羞。kind还有“种类”的意思如:各种各样的allkindsofWehaveallkindsofbeautifulflowersinourschool、Chinan中国African非洲China和Africa都是专有名词首字母都应该大写而且和介词in连用。TherearemanykindsoftigersinChinaTherearemanykindsofscaryanimalsinAfrica、friendlyadj友好的和蔼可亲的它是名词friend的形容词形式常常和be动词连用,befriendly。ThepeopleinChengduareveryfriendly、withprep跟同和…在一起Iusuallyplaychesswithmyfather注意区别与and的用法and通常用于连接主语或宾语连接主语时如果有I,I通常放在and之后如:MyfatherandIusuallyplaychesstogetherPlaywith“和…一起玩耍”“玩…”IoftenplaywithmypetdogDon’tplaywithwater!、day和night是一对反义词day表示白天或一天night表示夜或夜晚。通常说intheday,duringtheday,atnight。Koalabearsoftensleepduringthedayandeatleavesatnight、leafn叶子复数形式为:leaves,类似的变化还有:wifewives,wolfwolves,knifeknivesscarfscarfs(scarves)等。、hourn小时点钟hour前边通常加上冠词an表示“一个小时”即:anhour。Therearehoursinadayandminutesinanhour、befrom来自…befrom=comefromPandasarefromChina=PandascomeformChina、meatn(食用的)肉为不可数名词表示“许多”时使用much来修饰即:muchmeatHeeatsmuchmeateveryday、grassn草为不可数名词表示“许多”时使用much来修饰即:muchgrass。Thereismuchgrassontheplayground四语法知识特殊疑问句通常以“what”、“who”、“which”、“when”、“where”、“how”、“howold”、“howmany”等开头对某一具体问题进行提问。特殊疑问句的基本构成有两种情况:疑问句一般疑问句结构。这是最常见的情况。例如:What’syourgrandfather’stelephonenumber你爷爷的电话号码是多少,Whoisthatboywithbigeyes那个大眼睛的男孩是谁,Whichseasondoyoulikebest你最喜欢哪个季节,Whenishegoingtoplaythepiano他什么时候弹钢琴,Wheredoeshelive他住在哪儿,Howareyou你好吗,Howoldareyou你多大了,Howmanybrothersandsistersdoyouhave你有几个兄弟姐妹,疑问句陈述句结构。这时疑问词作主语或修饰主语。例如:Whoisondutytoday今天谁值日,Whichmanisyourteacher哪位男士是你的老师,我们学过的WhatHowabout名词代词其他,也是特殊疑问句它是一种省略结构。例如:IlikeEnglishWhatHowaboutyou我喜欢英语。你呢,Whataboutplayingbasketball打篮球怎么样,UnitIwanttobeanactor一(短语:wanttodosth想要作某事givesbsth=givesthtosb给某人某物把某物给某人helpsbdosth帮助某人作某事Eg:Iwanttohelpmymotherdosomehouseworkathomehelpsbwithsth帮助某人谋事Eg:Iwanttohelpmymotherwithsomehouseworkathomeintheday在白天atnight在晚上talkwithtosb和谈话bebusydoingsth忙于做某事Eg:Heisbusylisteningtotheteacherinahospital在医院workstudyhard努力工EveningNewspaper晚报二(重点句式及注意事项:询问职业的特殊疑问词是what有三种主要句式WhatisaresbEgWhatisyourmotherWhatdoesdosbdoEgWhatdoeshisbrotherdoWhatisare名词所有格形容词性物主代词jobEgwhatisyourjobPeoplegivemetheirmoneyorgettheirmoneyfrommeSometimesIworkinthedayandsometimesatnightIliketalkingtopeopleIworklateI’mverybusywhenpeoplegoouttodinnersWheredoesyoursisterworkthenwehaveajobforyouasawaiterDoyouwanttoworkforamagazineThencomeandworkforusasareporterDoyouliketoworkeveningsandweekendsWeareaninternationalschoolforchildrenof三(本单元中的名词复数。policemanpolicemenwomandoctorwomendoctorsthiefthievesappletreeappletreesUnitI’mwatchingTV一(现在进行时现在进行时的用法表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作现在进行时时间状语及标志性词now现在atthemoment现在look看(后面有明显的“~”)listen听(后面有明显的“~”)现在分词的构成一般在动词结尾处加ingEg:gogoinglooklooking以不发音字母e结尾的动词去e加ing。Eg:writewritingcloseclosing以重读闭音节结尾的动词如果末尾只有一个辅音字母应先双写这个字母再加ingEg:getgettingrunrunning(swim,run,put,get,sit,begin)现在进行时的构成肯定句:主语amisaredoing其他时状Eg:Heisdoinghishomeworknow否定句:主语amisarenotdoing其他时状Eg:Heisnotdoinghishomeworknow一般疑问句:AmIsAre主语doing其他时状,Eg:Ishedoinghishomeworknow肯定回答:Yes,主语amisareEgYes,heis否定回答:No,主语amnotisn’taren’tEg:No,heisn’t二(短语:(doone’shomework做某人的作业dohousework做家务(talkonthephone在电话里交谈talkabout„„谈论„„talkto(with)sb和某人交谈(writealetter写信writealettertosb给某人写信(playwith„„和„„一起玩(watchTV看电视TVshow电视节目(waitforsbsth等待某人某物(someof„„„„中的一些(inthefirstphoto在第一张照片里(介词用in,序数词前面有the)inthelastphoto在最后一张照片里aphotoofone’sfamily某人的家庭照片(atthemall在购物街atinthelibrary在图书室atinthepool在游泳池(readabook=readbooks=dosomereading看书,阅读(thanksfor=thankyoufor为某事而感谢(后接动词要用v,ing)三(重点句式及注意事项:(他正在干什么,Whatishedoing他正在吃饭。Heiseatingdinner他正在哪里吃饭,Whereisheeatingdinner他正在家里吃饭。Heiseatingdinnerathome(你想什么时候去,Whendoyouwanttogo让我们六点钟去吧。Let’sgoatsixo’clock(他正在等什么,Whatishewaitingfor他正在等公交车。Heiswaitingforabus(他们正在和谁说话,Whoaretheytalkingwith他们正在和MissWu说话。TheyaretalkingwithMissWu(你们正在谈论什么,Whatareyoutalkingabout我们正在谈论天气。Wearetalkingabouttheweather(他们都正在去上学。Theyareallgoingtoschool(这儿是一些我的照片。Herearesomeofmyphotos这儿是一些肉。Hereissomeofmeat(someofmeat不可数故用is)(谢谢你帮我买这本书。Thankyouforhelpingmebuythisbook(family家家庭。强调“整体”是单数强调“成员”时是复数。Hisfamilyhasashower他们家有一个淋浴。HisfamilyarewatchingTV他全家在看电视。UnitIt’sraining!一(短语:takephotospictures照像takephotospicturesofsbsth给某人或某物照相haveagoodtime,havefunhaveagreattame玩得愉快workforsbsth为某人工作Eg:YuanYuanworksforCCTV’sAroundTheWorldshowonvacation度假Eg:Therearemanypeoplehereonvacationsome…others…一些…另外一些…one…theothers…一个…另一个…(两者之间)Eg:TherearemanystudentsintheclassroomSomearewriting,othersarereadingputon穿上(动作)wear穿着(状态)Eg:Tomisputtingonhiscoatnowonthebeach在沙滩上Eg:Tomandhisfamilyareplayingonthebeachatthismomentthisgroupofpeople这一群人inthisheat二(重点句型(Howistheweather天气怎么样,Intheraining在下雨。(Whatareyoudoing你正在做什么,I'mwatchingTV我在看电视。(Whataretheydoing他们在做什么,Theyarestudying他们在学习。(Whatishedoing他在做什么,Heisplayingbasketball他在打篮球。(Whatisshedoing她在做什么,Sheiscooking她在做饭。三(重难点解析、询问天气情况的句式:(横线内容可替换)HowistheweatherinBeijing(Howistheweathertoday)What’stheweatherlikeinBeijing(What’stheweatherliketoday)、回答上面问题的句式:It’sadj(形容词)Eg:It’swindy、How’sitgoing(withyou)NotbadGreat!Terrible!Prettygood、ThankyouforjoiningCCTV’sAroundTheWordshow、Iamsurprisedtheycanplayinthisheat、Everyoneishavingagoodtime、Peoplearewearinghatsandscarfswear指穿衣服的状态。puton指穿衣服的动作。Pleaseputonyouroldclothes四(谈论天气的日常用语It’ssunnyrainycloudy今天是晴天雨天阴天。Lovelyweather,isn’tit天气真好是吗,Itlookslikerain看起来要下雨。It’srainingcatsanddogs正是瓢泼大雨。Itseemstobecleaningup天似乎要转晴。It’sblowinghard风刮得很大。It’ssnowingheavily正在下大雪。Thesnowwon’tlastlong雪不会持续太久。It’sveryfoggy雾很大。Thefogisbeginningtolift正在收雾。It’sthunderingandlightening雷电交加。What’stheweatherliketoday今天天气怎么样,What’stheweatherreportfortomorrow天气预报明天怎么样,It’squitedifferentfromtheweatherreport这和天气预报相差很大。It’sratherchangeable天气变化无常。What’sthetemperature温度是多少,It’stwobelowzero零下二度。Thetemperaturehasdroppedalottoday今天温度低多了。UnitWhatdoeshelooklike一(短语looklike看起来像curlyshortstraightlonghair卷,短,直发mediumheightbuild中等高度,身体alittlebit一点儿…apopsinger一位流行歌手haveanewlook呈现新面貌goshopping(dosomeshopping)去购物thecaptainofthebasketballteam篮球队队长bepopularwithsb为所喜爱oneof中的一个stoptodosth停下来去做某事stopdoingsth停止正在做的事情telljokesstories讲笑话讲故事havefundoingsth愉快地做某事remember(forget)todosth记得(忘记)做某事(没有做的)remember(forget)doingsth记得(忘记)做过某事(已做)二(本单元的重点句:IsthatyourfriendNo,itisn’tWhatdoesshelooklikeIthinkIknowher(Idon’tthinkIknowher)WangLinisthecaptainofthebasketballteamShe’salittlebitquietXuQianlovestotelljokesSheneverstopstalkingShelikesreadingandplayingchessIdon’tthinkhe’ssogreatIcangoshoppingandnobodyknowsmeNowhehasanewlook三(重难点解析Whatdoesdo主语looklike询问某人的外貌特征看上去什么样,Eg:Whatdoesyourfriendlooklike形容头发时可按照先长短后曲直最后说颜色的顺序说。(长形色)Eg:Shehaslongcurlyblackhaironeof名词复数谓语动词要用“单三”形式。Eg:Oneofhisfriendsisaworker不定代词做主语时谓语动词要用“单三”形式。修饰不定代词词应该放在它的后面(Eg:Icangoshoppingandnobodyknowsme(Heis…(通常为形容词包括身高、体形等)Hehas…(通常为形容词修饰的名词包括头发、五官)Hewears…(穿、戴、留。可以是衣服、帽子、鞋子等也可以是眼镜、手表、胡须)(Idon’tthink…的用法表达否定的看法Idon’tthinksheisgoodlooking(否定主观态度)UnitI,dlikesomenoodles一(短语(beefandtomatonoodles,noodleswithbeefandtomato牛肉西红柿面chickenandcabbagenoodlesmuttonandpotatonoodlestomatoandeggnoodlesbeefandcarrotnoodles(wouldliketodosthwanttodosth想要作某事(whatkindofnoodles什么种类的面条(whatsizebowlofnoodles什么大小碗型的面(alarge,mediumsmallbowlofnoodles大,中,小碗的面(icecream冰淇淋orangejuice桔汁greentea绿茶RMB人民币phonenumber(HouseofDumplings,noodles饺子,面馆DessertHouse甜点屋二(重点句型(WhatkindofvegetablesmeatdrinkfoodwouldyoulikeI’dlike……I’dlikechickenandcabbagenoodlesWhatkindofnoodleswouldyoulikeI’dlikebeefnoodlesWhatkindofnoodleswouldyoulikeI’dlikechickenandcabbagenoodlesWhatsizebowlplateofnoodleswouldyoulikeI’dlikealargemediumsmallbowlnoodlesWhatsizecakewouldyoulikeIwouldlikeasmallbirthdaycake三(重难点解析(wouldlike想要(表示一种委婉的语气)其用法相当于wantwouldlike名词wouldlikeanapple(wantanapple)wouldliketodosthHewouldliketoplaysoccerWouldyouliketoseethedolphinsYes,I’dliketo()would是情态动词没有人称和数的变化可与人称代词缩写为’d,与其它情态动词一样可帮助完成疑问句和否定句。(你能举出例子吗,)我想要些牛肉。I’dlikesomebeef她想去打乒乓球。Shewouldliketoplaypingpang(你能变否定句和疑问句吗,)()Wouldyoulikesth是提建议的一种句型如需用一些用some而不用any肯定回答是:Yes,pleaseAllrightYesOK其否定回答是:No,thanks(Whatkindofnoodleswouldyoulikekind在此句中作“种类”讲akindof一种allkindsof各种各样的。kindof有几分AcatisakindofanimalThereareallkindsofanimalsinthezooThecatiskindofsmart(CanIhelpyou你要买什么肯定Yes,pleaseIwouldlike……否定No,thanksUnitHowwasyourweekend一(短语play运动playsoccerplaytennisplaysportsplaythe乐器playtheguitarplaywith…和某人,物玩耍(have三餐havebreakferstlunchsupperstudyfor…cleantheroomvisitsbstayathomehaveapartytalkshow(gotothebeachgotothemoviesgoforawalkgotothemountains(goshoppingdosomeshoppinggototheshop买东西(lastweekend,overtheweekend上周末onweekends每周末(on某日morningafternoonevening(或具体的某一天)inmorningafternooneveningin世纪年,月,季节at时刻last(next)month,yearweek(whataboutnvingpren=howabout……呢spendtheweekendlastweek度过上周的周末(it’stimetodosth,it’stimeforsth该做么的时候了(lookfor寻找(((((二重点句型和语法(一般过去时表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,通常与过去的时间状语连用:yesterday,lastweek(month,year)()系动词be的过去时:am(is)was,arewere陈述句:Hewasathomeyesterday否定句:Hewasn’tathomeyesterday疑问句:WasheathomeyesterdayYes,hewasNo,hewasn’t()行为动词的一般过去时:陈述句:主语动词过去式其它IgotothemovieIwenttothemovie否定句:主语助动词didn’t动词原形其Idon’tgotoschooltodayIdidn’tgotoschool一般疑问句:Did主语动词原形其它DoyouhavebreakfastDidyouhavebreakfastYes,IdoNo,Idon’tYes,IdidNo,Ididn’t()规则动词的过去式变化规则变化规则例词一般在词尾加edplayplayed以不发音的e结尾的只加dlikelikedloveloved以辅音字母y结尾的变y为i,再加edstudystudiedcarrycarried以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节先双写这个辅stopstopped音字母再加edplanplanned动词不规则变化:dodidhavehadgowentseesawreadreadgetgotgivegavesleepslepteatatewritewrotefindfoundwhat’sthedatetodayIt’s…WhatwasthedateyesterdayItwas…What’stheweatherliketodayIt’s…Howwasyourweekend(WhatdidshedoShedidherhomework(WhatdidhedolastweekendHeplayedsoccer((It’stimetogohome=It’stimeforhomeUnitWheredidyougoonvacation一(短语goonvacationgotosummercampstayathomestudyforexamsCentralParkshowsthtosbhelphimfindhisfatherwalkbackto…goshoppingthePalaceMuseumthinkofhavefundoingsthbustriptheGreatWallTian’anMenSquareaBeijingHutongmakesbdosthdecidetodosthallday二(重点句子和注意事项(WheredidyougoonvacationIwenttosummercampWheredidtheygoonvacationTheywenttoNewYorkCityWheredidhegoonvacationHestayedathomeWheredidshegoonvacationShevisitedheruncle(DidyouheshetheygotoCentralParkYes,IheshetheydidNo,Iheshetheydidn’t(HowwerethemoviesTheywerefantastic(havefundoingsomething干某事有乐趣,enjoyoneselfdoingsomethingWehavefunlearningandspeakingEnglishWeenjoyourselveslearningandspeakingEnglish我们学英语有很多乐趣((findsbdoingsth发现某人在干某事findsbdosth发现某人干过某事Ifindhimreadingthenovel(小说)Ifoundhimgointotheroom(corner角落角拐角处inthecorner在角落里(指在建筑物里面)atthecorner在拐角处(指在建筑物外面或道路的拐角)Mybikeisatthecorner(belost迷路了,getlost,lost(adj)Thegirlwaslostinthebigcity(helpsb(to)dosth,helpsbforsth帮助某人干某事HealwayshelpsuslearnEnglishmakesbdosth让,使某人干某事lethavesbdosthdo前不带toThemoviemakesmerelaxingLettheboydohishomeworkalonefeeladj感到(((Ifeelhungrytiredhappyexciteddecidetodosth决定干某事TheydecidedtogotoHainanonvacationUintWhatdoyouthinkofgameshows一(词组(TVshows(电视节目)soapoperasitcomacomedyanactionmovieadocumentaryathrillercartoonBeijingOperaAnimalWorldTellitlikeitisLawTodaygameshowCCTVNewsNewsinMinutesManandNatureneseCookingAroundChinatalkshowLuckyrtsnewssportsshowCultureChina(writeanarticlefortheschoolmagazine给学校杂志写一篇文章(athirteenyearoldboy一个十三岁的男孩(wearcolorfulclothes穿着颜色鲜艳的衣服(interviewsb采访某人infact实际上wearscarves戴着围巾thinkof想起考虑到二(重点句型WhatdoyouthinkofsoapoperasIcan'tstandthemWhatdoyouthinkofsportsshowsIdon'tmindthemWhatdoesshethinkof"HilltopHigh"Shedoesn'tlikeitWhatdoesTonythinkofTommyHelikeshimWhatdotheythinkofAmandaTheyloveher三(重难点解析wear(v动词)"穿戴佩"。根据不同宾语翻译不同的汉语意思。wearearrings戴耳环wearadress穿连衣裙wearawatch戴手表wearabeard蓄胡子wearlonghair留长发think"想考虑思索"(v动词)可以和许多介词搭配组成新的意思。A:thinkof"考虑""有的看法"有时等于thinkaboutWhatdoeshethinkofBeijingOpera他对京剧有什么看法,Mymotheralwaysthinksofeverything!我妈妈总是想到所有的东西。thinkhighlyofsbsth对某人或某物评价甚高MrBlackthinkshighlyofhisson布莱克先生对他儿子评价甚高。B:thinkabout"考虑"(指计划观念看它是否相宜、可行)HeisthinkingaboutgoingtoChina他正在考虑去中国。too与either的区别too"也"表示肯定意义与肯定的表达方法连用而either"也不"表示否定意义与否定的表达方法连用。()Mybrotherlikestoplaysoccer我哥哥喜欢踢足球。Ido,too我也是(喜欢)。()Mybrotherdoesn'tliketoplaysoccer我哥哥不喜欢踢足球。Idon't,either我也不喜欢。also也可以表示"也"但一般情况下too和either放在句子之后also放在动词之前。Wealsolovetalkshows我们也喜欢访谈节目。athirteenyearoldboy一个十三岁的男孩此结构中year用单数形式且用连字符这种结构用作定语。afivemontholdbaby一个五个月大的婴儿enjoy(v喜爱享受)enjoy后面接名词、代词或动名词注意与likelove用法的区别。likelove还可以接动词不定式(todo)。Ienjoythesoapoperas我喜爱肥皂剧。Ienjoywatchingthesoapoperas我喜爱看肥皂剧。但我们不能说:Ienjoytowatchthesoapoperas只能说:Ilikelovetowatchthesoapoperasmind表示"介意反对"的意思时通常用在疑问句、否定句中。Wouldyoumindopeningthewindow请你打开窗子好不好,Hedoesn'tmindthecoldweatheratall他一点都不在乎寒冷的天气。多用于以下句型:(表示请求或征求意见)后接动名词名词代词。Wouldyoumind(doing)Doyoumind(doing)stand表示忍受(多用于否定句、疑问句)Hecan'tstandthehotweather他忍受不了炎热的天气。Canyoustandthepain你忍受得了疼吗,Whatdoyouthinkof你认为怎么样,(谈论对某事物的喜好程度)可选择的回答有:()Ilikeit()Idon'tmindit()Idon'tlikeit()Ican'tstandit()Ilikeitverymuch()Iloveit()It'sbeautiful()They'refantasticUnitDon'teatinclass一(短语(inclass在课上onschoolnights在上学的晚上schoolrules校规notalking禁止交谈listentomusic听音乐haveto不得不takemydogforawalk带狗去散步eatoutside在外面吃饭inthehallway在走廊上wearauniform穿制服arrivelateforclass上学迟到afterschool放学后beinbed在床上practicetheguitar练习弹吉它inthecafeteria在自助食堂里meetmyfriends和我朋友见面byteno'clock十点之前theChildren'sPalace少年宫helpmymommakedinner帮助我妈做饭二(重点句型Don’tarrivelateforschool,Don’tbelateforschoolDon’tfight,Don’tlistentomusicintheclassroomDon’truninthehallwaysDon’tsmokeIt’sbadforyourhealthDon’tplaycardsinschoolDon’ttalkinclassDon’twatchTVonschoolnightsDon’tsleepinclassDon’tplaysportsintheclassroomsDon’tsingsongsatnightDon’ttalkwhenyoueatDon’twearhatsinclassDohomeworkby:Cleanyourhouse!MakethebedCanwe……Yes,wecanNo,wecan’tEg:CanwearrivelateforclassNo,wecan’tWecan’tarrivelateforclassDoyouhavetowashyourclothesYes,IdoNo,Idon’t三(重难点解析:情态动词haveto的用法意思是"必须、不得不"它侧重于客观上的必要和外界的权威。()结构:主语haveto动词原形其他(一般现在时主语是第三人称单数时用hasto句子是过去时用hadto)如:Wehavetowearsneakersforgymclass在体育课上我们必须穿运动鞋。Tomhastopracticetheguitareveryday汤姆每天必须练习弹吉它。Ihadtogetupat:amlastMonday上周一我不得不早上点起床。()否定形式:主语don'thaveto动词原形其他(一般现在时主语是第三人称单数时用doesn'thaveto句子是过去时用didn'thaveto)如:Nickdoesn'thavetowearauniform尼克不必穿制服。Wedidn'thavetodoourhomeworkatonce我们不必马上完成作业。()疑问句:Do(Does或Did)主语haveto动词原形其他如:Doyouhavetostayathomeonweekends周末你必须呆在家里吗,Yes,IdoNo,Idon't是的我必须。不我不必。Didhehavetogotobedby:lastnight昨晚他不得不点前上床睡觉吗,情态动词can的用法()表示能力"会""能"(在第一册中已经学习这种用法)Canyouplaytheguitar你会弹吉它吗,JudycanspeakalittleChinese朱蒂会说一点中文。Icandanceandsing我能唱歌又能跳舞。()表示允许、许可"可以"、"能"(在这一课中新学的词义)Canthestudentsruninthehallways学生们可以在走廊上跑吗,Wecaneatoutside我们可以在外面吃东西。CanIcomein我能进来吗,注意同样是情态动词can和haveto的用法是有区别的和大部分情态动词一样can在否定句中直接在can后加上not在疑问句中把can放到主语前面并且没有人称和数的变化。hearlisten和sound都有"听"的意思但三者是有区别的。()hear"听说"侧重于"听"的内容I'msorrytohearthatyouareill听说你生病了我很难过。Ineverheardsuchaninterestingstory我从来没听过这么有趣的一个故事。()listen"听"侧重于"听"这一动作。Listentomecarefully认真听我说。Thechildrenliketolistentomusic孩子们喜欢听音乐。()sound"听起来"它是系动词后面接形容词等。Thatsoundsgreat那听起来真不错。Itsoundslikefun听起来挺有趣。,beinbed"在床上、卧床"in和bed之间不能用冠词bed也不用复数。Heisinbedforyears他卧床年了。Davehastobeinbedearlyeverynight大卫每晚必须很早睡觉。,arrivelatefor与belatefor意思相近"迟到"Don'tarrive(be)lateforschool上学别迟到。Iarrived(was)lateforthemeetingyesterday我昨天开会迟到了。,Notalking!"禁止交谈~"no后面加上名词或动名词(doing)也表示不要做某事。与don'tdo的用法相似。Nowetumbrellas!Don'tputwetumbrellashere!禁止放湿雨伞~Nofood!Don'teatfoodhere!禁止吃食物~Nosmoking!Don'tsmokehere!禁止吸烟~(语法(祈使句)祈使句是用来表示请求、命令、叮嘱、号召或者劝告等的句子这类句子的主语常是第二人称you也就是听话者因而you常省去了。祈使句的开头是动词原形。如:Lookout!小心~Waithereforme!在这等我~Besuretocomehereontime!务必准时来到这里~祈使句的否定形式多以donot(常缩写成don't)开头再加上动词原形。Don'tarrivelateforschool上学别迟到。Don'tfight!别打架~Don'tlookoutofthewindow不要向窗外看

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/70

初中一年级英语语法

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利