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首页 外文翻译---纺织材料.doc

外文翻译---纺织材料.doc

外文翻译---纺织材料.doc

上传者: 韩气平 2017-10-20 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《外文翻译---纺织材料doc》,可适用于工程科技领域,主题内容包含外文翻译纺织材料设计巴巴工作室wwwdoccomTextilematerialsSHTong,JEBeard,definition:Thefiber符等。

外文翻译纺织材料设计巴巴工作室wwwdoccomTextilematerialsSHTong,JEBeard,definition:Thefiberisafilamentformmaterialofthenaturalorartificialsynthesisthedopedyedfiberreferstousingthefiberoftheclothoftextile,dopedyedfibercharacteristic:Thedopedyedfiberhasgoodphysicalperformancesuchascertainlength,detaileddegree,elasticity,andbruteforceAlsohavebetterchemicalstability,forexample:Cotton,wool,silk,hempthosenaturalfiberaretheidealdopedyedfiber,thedopedyedfiberisclassified:NaturalfiberandchemicalfiberNaturalfiberincludesplantfiber,animalfiberandmineralfiberAPlantfiber,forinstance:Cotton,hemp,andfruitfiberBAnimalfiber,forinstance:Wool,rabbit,silkCMineralfiber,forinstance:AsbestosThechemicalfiberincludesregenerationfiber,syntheticfiberandinorganicfiberARegenerationfiber,forinstance:Viscosefiber,acetatefiberBSyntheticfiber,forinstance:NylonPolyamide,Polyester,Spandexelasticstreclycra,Ammoniablacksilkribbon,polyvinylalcoholfiber,polypropylene,Fiber,etcCInorganicfiber,forinstance:Glassfiber,metallicfibered,thetextileperformanceofthecommondopedyedfiber:Wool:Pickupthemoisture,elasticity,takeperformancetobefine,abletobear,damagebyworms,notrighttocombinethedyestuffswiththemetalwhilebeingacidSilk:Hygroscopic,ventilative,glossandtakeofgoodperformance,applicableandacidanddirectdyesCotton:Ventilativeandpickingupthemoisture,takeofgoodperformance,beabletobearbeingdamagedbyworms,reducedevennitrogen,alkalinemedia,sulfide,reactivedyestuffsViscosefiber:Hygroscopicity,gettingventilativeandfine,colorbright,rawmaterialsourceswidewithlowcosts,propertiesareclosetonaturalfiber,applicabledyestuffsthesameascottonDacron:Fabric,verycomfortable,protectingshapekind,wearresisting,sizesteady,easytowashandquickdrying,applicabletodispersetdyestuffs,heavynitrogendispersesdyestuffsandsolubilityreducesdyestuffsPolyamidefiber:Wearability设计巴巴工作室wwwdoccomverygood,ventilativedifferences,applicabletoaciddyesanddistributedyestuffsFineblacksilkribbon:Itisgoodtobeflufflyandhavingfursenses,dispersedyestuffsandcationicdyestuffsapplicablyThemilktextilefiberusetheproteinwhichseparatesbythemilkasthebasicrawmaterial,resultsintheregeneratedproteinfiberafterchemistryprocessingandthemachinefinishingsystemTheproteininthemilkthereasonthatcanbecomethefiber,becauseithasthefiberhighpolymerbasiccondition:()themacromoleculeislinearTheproteinmacromoleculehastwokinds:Oneisthechainshape,namelylinear,callsfibrinanotherisspherical,callsglobulinTheproteininthemilkisthecasein,whichisastriation,itcanbecomethefiberbutthehemoglobinisaglobulin,andthencannotbecomethefiber()HasthecertainflexibilityandtheintermolecularforceTheproteinmainlycomposedbythecarbon,theoxygen,thehydrogen,thenitrogen,thesulfur,insomeproteinalsocontainsphosphorus,ironandsoon,suchasthecaseinincludesphosphoruselementAfterultimateanalysis,indryproteintheelementcontentfor():H~,C~,O~,N~,S~Fromcentury'sends,atthebeginningofthcenturytheforeigncourtiersnamelyhavestartedtoresearchtheregeneratedproteinfiberIntheItalianscientists,inEnglishICICorporation,inCornProductRefiningCorporationonceseparatelydiscussedtowithdrawtheproteinfromthecow'smilk,thepeanutprotein,thecorn,thesoybeanbeancake,thencarriedonthespinningIntheearly's,America,EnglandhavedevelopedthelabaraInAmerica,EnglandhavestudiedtheSoyaproteintextilefiberIntheUSGeneralMotorshaswithdrawntheSoyaproteintextilefiberfromthebeancake,butmostlybecausethetextilefiberperformanceispoor,whichunabletocarryonthetextileprocessingbuttosevertheresearchRecentlyaJapanesetextilecompanydevelopedthemilkproteintextilefiberhasrealizedtheindustrializationproduction,becausekilogramsmilksonlycouldwithdrawtwokilogramsprotein,causedtheproductioncostexcessivelyhigh,alsothetextilefiberthermalstabilitywas设计巴巴工作室wwwdoccombad,Abovedryheatiseasytohavetheeyellowspot,theforcedropped,thereforeitstillunablemassivelytopromotetheuseuntilnowInAugust,Oneday,LiGuanqiaccompanedwithSuzhouUniversityprofessorsWangHua'stobringthesoybeaneggalbuminfiberwhichthroughtenyearspainstakingcaredevelops,enteredthenationalspinningandweavingindustrybureauforthefirsttimeUntilnow,onlymorethantwoyearsifletsusturntheheadthesetwoyearstrail,duringthattimewecandiscovertheoriginalnationalspinningandweavingindustrybureau,presentlytheChinatextileindustryassociationforthesoybeaneggalbuminfiberpromotionandapplicationdirectlyorganised,coordinated,participatedbigscaleseminar,thetrainingclass,thepressconference,theappraisalconferenceandsoon,eachkindofactivityunexpectedlyreachestenabovetimeAtpresentparticipatedinthesoybeaneggalbuminfibertheproductdevelopmenttextileenterprise,theuniversities,collegesandinstitutes,thescientificresearchinstitutealreadyreachesabovehundred,theproductdevelopmentscopehasinvolvedtoeachdomain,suchasthecottonandkapok,thewool,thehemp,thesilk,theknitting,printing,alloftheseprotectedandmoistenedthegrowthofthesoybeaneggalbuminfiberintheindustrialweaktimeInventedbyLiGuanqidevelopsthesuccessfulsoybeaneggalbuminfibertorewriteChinaintheapplicationtextilefiberdomainoriginalcreativetechnologyforthezerorecord,afterhundredandthousandofengineersandtechnicians,theexpertsparticipatedintheresearchofthesoybeaneggalbuminfibertheproductdevelopmentandthecorrelationcrafttechnologybreakthroughwillcertainlybringthebrightprospectforthesoybeaneggalbuminfiberindustrialproduction,thecommercializationThesoybeaneggalbuminfiberusethebeancakewhichfriesinoilandthesoybeanleachingastherawmaterial,theusebioengineeringnewtechnology,withdrawspurelythebeancakeinglobulin,throughhelpsthemedicinalpreparation,thebiologicalenzymefunction,causesthedepurationtheglobulinchangespatialstructure,thenincreasesthehydroxylandthe设计巴巴工作室wwwdoccomcyanohighpolymer,compoundsthecertaindensityoftheproteinspinningfluid,aftertheripening,creates"thegreentextilefiber"withtheaqueousmethodspinningsystem,itbothhasthefineperformanceofthenaturalsilk,andhasthemachinecapabilityofthesyntheticfiber,alsohassatisfiedthepursueofthepeopletocomfortablenessandtheartistic,alsoconformsthetidalcurrenttotheclothingexemptburnsandmaywashwhichputsonTheaffinityisgoodbetweensoybeaneggalbuminfiberandhumanbody,alsoincludesthehumanbodytohavetheaminoacid,joinedthequotaremarkablyinthespinningcraftthesterilizationsterilizationChineseherb,thedrugefficacyislasting,hasraisedtheunderweareffecttideInthispapertheoptimaldesignofspline(orkey)profilesforthreedifferentdesigncriteriaispresentedThemethodofcalculusofvariationisusedtodetermineprofilefunctionsformaximumvalueAnalyticalresultsaresuccessfullyobtainedItshowsthatthesplineswithinvoluteprofilesleadtouniformdeformationonthehub,inadditiontheycancarrythemaximumtransmissionloadcapacityOntheotherhandradialstraightprofilesresultinoptimumtransmissionefficiencyWebelievesimilarapproachcouldbeusedtodetermineothersplineprofileswhennewperformancecriteriaareimposed设计巴巴工作室wwwdoccom设计巴巴工作室wwwdoccom译文:纺织材料、定义:纤维是天然或人工合成的细丝状物质纺织纤维则是指用来纺织布的纤维。、特点:纺织纤维具有一定的长度、细度、弹性、强力等良好物理性能。还具有较好的化学稳定性例如:棉花、毛、丝、麻等天然纤维是理想的纺织纤维。、分类:天然纤维和化学纤维。天然纤维包括植物纤维、动物纤维和矿物纤维。A植物纤维如:棉花、麻、果实纤维。B动物纤维如:羊毛、免毛、蚕丝。C矿物纤维如:石棉。化学纤维包括再生纤维、合成纤维和无机纤维。A再生纤维如:黏胶纤维、醋酯纤维。B合成纤维如:锦纶、涤纶、晴纶、氨纶、维纶、丙纶等。C无机纤维如:玻璃纤维、金属纤维等。、常见纺织纤维的纺织性能:羊毛:吸湿、弹性、服用性能均好不耐虫蛀、适酸性和金属结合染料。蚕丝:吸湿、透气、光泽和服用性能好适用酸性及直接染料。棉花:透气、吸湿、服用性能好、耐虫蛀、适直接还原偶氮、碱性媒介、硫化、活性染料。黏胶纤维:吸湿性、透气性好、颜色鲜艳、原料来源广、成本低性质接近天然纤维适用染料同棉花。涤纶:织物、挺、爽、保形性好、耐磨、尺寸稳定、易洗快干适用分散染料重氮分散染料、可溶性还原染料。锦纶:耐磨性特别好、透气性差、适用酸性染料散染料。晴纶:蓬松性好、有皮毛感、适用分散染料阳离子染料。牛奶纤维是以牛奶中分离出的蛋白质为基本原料经过化学处理和机械加工制得的再生蛋白质纤维。牛奶中蛋白质之所以能成纤是因为它具备成纤高聚物的基本条件:大分子是线型的。蛋白质大分子有两种:一种是链状的即线型的称之为纤维蛋白另一种是球状的称之为球蛋白。奶中蛋白即酪蛋白是线状的可以成纤而血红蛋白是球蛋白则不能成纤。具有一定的柔性和分子间力。蛋白质主要是由碳、氧、氢、氮、硫种元素组成某些蛋白质中还含磷、铁等元素酪蛋白中即含有磷元素。经元素分析干燥蛋白质中元素含量为():H~、C~、O~、N~、S~。国外从世纪末、世纪初即开始对再生蛋白质纤维进行研究。年意大利科学家、年英国ICI公司、年CornProductRefining公司曾分别探讨从牛乳、花生蛋白质、玉米、大豆豆粕中提取蛋白质再进行纺丝。世纪年代初美、英研制了酪素纤维年美、英又研究了大豆蛋白质纤维年美国通用汽车设计巴巴工作室wwwdoccom公司从豆粕中提取了大豆蛋白质纤维但大多因为纤维性能较差无法进行纺织加工而中断研究。近年日本东洋纺公司开发的牛奶蛋白质纤维实现了工业化生产由于公斤牛奶只能提取两公斤蛋白质使得制造成本过高且纤维耐热性差在干热以上时易泛黄强力下降因此至今仍无法大量推广使用。年月某日李官奇在苏州大学教授王华杰的陪同带着他历经十年心血研制成的大豆蛋白纤维首次走进当时的国家纺织工业局。至今不过两年多的时间。但如果让我们回眸这两年的足迹会发现原国家纺织工业局现中国纺织工业协会其间为大豆蛋白纤维的推广应用直接组织、协调、参加的较大规模的研讨会、培训班、新闻发布会、鉴定会等各类活动竟达十次以上。目前参与大豆蛋白纤维后道产品开发的纺织企业、大专院校、科研院所已经达百家以上产品开发范围已涉及棉、毛、麻、丝、针织、印染各个领域这一切都呵护、滋润了大豆蛋白纤维在产业幼稚期的成长。由李官奇发明研制成功的大豆蛋白纤维改写了中国在应用纤维领域原创技术为零的记录由成百上千的工程技术人员、专家学者参与研究的大豆蛋白纤维后道产品开发及相关工艺技术的突破一定会为大豆蛋白纤维的产业化、商业化带来光明的前景。大豆蛋白纤维是将大豆浸出过油的豆粕为原料利用生物工程新技术把豆粕中的球蛋白提取纯通过助剂、生物酶的作用使提纯的球蛋白改变空间结构再添加羟基和氰基高聚物配制成一定浓度的蛋白纺丝液经熟成后用湿法纺丝制造成的“绿色纤维”它既具有天然蚕丝的优良性能又具有合成纤维的机械性能既满足了人们对舒适性、美观性的追求又符合服装免烫可洗穿的潮流。大豆蛋白纤维与人体肌肤亲和性好且含有人体所必须的氨基酸在纺丝工艺中加入定量的杀菌消炎的中草药药效显著持久掀起了内衣功效化的浪潮。设计巴巴工作室wwwdoccom

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