下载
加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 09高考英语突破书面表达基础讲与练(5)

09高考英语突破书面表达基础讲与练(5).doc

09高考英语突破书面表达基础讲与练(5)

yuan辉h
2019-05-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《09高考英语突破书面表达基础讲与练(5)doc》,可适用于综合领域

高考英语突破书面表达基础讲与练(五)PartA写作基本理论英文写作基础动词(一)写作的基础是词汇。词汇是表达思想的基本要素。动词文章是由句子组成的。每一个句子都少不了谓语。而担任谓语的是动词。对于一个很活跃的动词,我们应该掌握以下几个方面:一准确的读音和拼写听得懂,说得出是写作的基础。只有掌握了正确读音,才能做到这一点。只有正确的拼写才能准确无误地传达信息。太多的拼写错误会影响书面表达的得分。二基本意义三常用其它意义除了基本意义之外,这些词在其它语境中还会有不同的意义,有自己的使用范畴。因此,只掌握基本意义是不够的。四常见搭配我们所说的搭配,不仅包括动词与介词﹑副词的搭配,而且包括与名词搭配的意义。以动词make为例。make的基本意义是―制作‖,而makebeds意思是―整理床铺‖,makeuseof意思是―利用‖,makemoney挣钱,makeafortune:―发财‖,makefaces―做鬼脸‖等等。五过去式与过去分词在书面表达中很少用到一般现在时,除非是表示规律性和反复发生的动作,当涉及时态时,就会用到动词的过去式﹑过去分词和现在分词等形式。因此,熟练掌握一些常用不规则动词的过去式和过去分词是非常必要的。这里,我们为同学们列出书面表达中经常使用的一些动词的形式。为了记忆方便,将它们分成AAA,ABB,AAB,ABA和ABC五种形式。一个字母代表一种形式。AAA:cut,set,cost,hurt,let,put,set,shut,spread,readABB:bend–bent–bentbring–brought–broughtbuild–built–builtburn–burnt–burntbuy–bought–boughtcatch–caught–caughtdeal–dealt–dealtfeed–fed–fedfeel–felt–feltfight–fought–foughtfind–found–foundget–got–gothang–hung–hung(挂)have–had–hadhearheard–heardhide–hid–hidhold–held–heldkeep–kept–keptlay–laid–laidlead–led–ledleave–left–leftlend–lent–lentlight–lit–litlose–lost–lostmake–made–mademean–meant–meantmeet–met–metpay–paid–paidsay–said–saidsell–sold–soldsend–sent–sentshine–shone–shoneshoot–shot–shotsit–sat–satsleep–slept–sleptspend–spent–spentstand–stood–stoodstick–stuck–stucksweep–swept–sweptteach–taught–taughttell–told–toldthink–thought–thoughtunderstand–understood–understoodwin–won–wonAAB:beat–beat–beatenABA:become–became–becomecome–came–comerun–ran–runABC:bear–bore–bornbegin–began–begunbite–bit–bittenblow–blew–blownbreak–broke–brokendo–did–donedraw–drew–drawndrink–drank–drunkdrive–drove–driveneat–ate–eatenfall–fell–fallenfly–flew–flownforbid–forbade–forbiddenforgive–forgave–forgivengive–gave–givenforget–forgot–forgottenfreeze–froze–frozengo–went–gonegrow–grew–grownknow–knew–knownlie–lay–lainride–rode–riddenring–rang–rungrise–rose–risensee–saw–seenshake–shook–shakensing–sang–sungsink–sank–sunkspeak–spoke–spokensteal–stole–stolenswear–swore–swornswim–swam–swumtake–took–takentear–tore–tornthrow–threw–thrownwake–woke–wokenwear–wore–wornwrite–wrote–written六及物动词与不及物动词英语动词分为及物动词和不及物动词。这一点与中文差别较大。表达同样的意思时,中文可以接宾语,而英文却不行,需要更换另一个及物动词,或接介词。这种现象是很常见的。如:arrive(vi)reach(vt):WhendidyoureachthetopofthemountainWhendidyouarriveatthetopofthemountainsitseat:HeissittinginthesofaHeseatedhimselfinthesofaHeisseatedinthesofalielay:HewaslyinginbedHelaidhimselfinbedriseraise:ThepriceskeeprisingIraisedmyvoicebutstillcouldn’tmakemyselfheardlistenhear:IaskedhimtolistentomecarefullyListen!SomeoneisknockingatthedoorButIcan’thearanythinglooksee:WelookedateachotherandsmiledThenIsawsomethingstrange此外,常用不及物动词:come,go,run,walk,work,live,stay,sleep,travel,fight(against),think(ofabout),speak(to)(speakEnglish除外),talk(to,with),happen,takeplace,breakout,appear,agree(with),belong(to),insist(on),die,fail,succeed(in),knock(at),reply(to),rush,wait(for),worry(about)七后接宾语的形式在及物动词中,有些后面要求接不定式作宾语,有些要求接动词的–ing形式。要分类记忆。vtodowishtodohopetodopromisetododecidetodorefusetodoagreetodoexpecttodomanagetodofailtodoprefertodoplantodowanttodooughttodohavetodousedtodobeusedtodoseemtodowouldliketodoinordertodosoastodosetouttodomakeupone'smindtodoIttakessbsometimetodobegoingtodobeabouttodohappentodopretendtodotohavedonetobedoingbethoughtbelievedsaidreportedtodohavenochoicebuttodovdoingenjoydoingriskdoingavoiddoingkeepdoingpractisedoingsuggestdoingsb'sdoingthatsb(should)domissdoingfinishdoingallowpermitdoingdelaydoingresistdoingconsiderdoingminddoingsb'sdoingifsbdoimaginedoingdenydoing八瞬时动词有些动作瞬间发生,不能延续。如:die,begin,start,join,enter,arrive,borrow,lend,buy,marry等等。IhavearrivedinBeijingfortwodays()IhavebeeninBeijingfortwodays()HowlongmayIborrowthebook()HowlongmayIkeepthebook()Theyhavemarriedfortenyears()Theyhavebeenmarriedfortenyears()Thefilmhasbegunfortenminutes()Thefilmhasbeenonfortenminutes()HowlonghaveyouboughttheTVset()HowlonghaveyouhadtheTVset()Thewriterhasdiedforyears()Thewriterhasbeendeadforyears()以take为例:I基本意思为:―拿走﹑带走‖。还有―花时间﹑占据﹑乘交通工具‖等多种意义。不规则动词,过去式是took,过去分词为taken。Don’tforgetto~yourraincoatwithyouwhenyougoout(带走)Hewastakenawaybythepolice(被动)I’msorryItookyourbicyclebymistake(拿)Ittookusthreehourstodotheoperation(花时间)Ifyou~myadvice,you’llhavenotroubledoingit(采纳)Don’t~everythinginthenewspaperforgranted(认为)IliketheredblouseI’ll~it(买)Whenareyoutakingyourdrivingtest(参加)Whynot~ataxi(乘)Takethemedicinethreetimesaday(服药)与某些名词连用,表示这个动作。takealook=tolooktakearest(takeabreak)=toresttakeawalktakearisktakeashowertakeadeepbreathtakeadvantageofII常见搭配takenotestakeone’stemperaturetakecare(of)takepart(in)takeaninterestintakephotos(of)takeaseattakesomethingasanexampleIII常见的短语动词takeaway:Allhisbelongingshavebeentakenawayfromhimtakeback:ItakebackwhatIsaidtakeoff:Inspiteofthebadweather,theplanetookoffontimeMumaskedmetotakeoffmyshoesIwenttoanexhibition,soItookafewdaysofftakeon:Theoldcityhastakenonanewlooktakeout:HetookoutanewspaperandbegantoreadPartB写作必备素材议论文规劝恶习、见解评说DifferentpeoplehavegotdifferentattitudestowardsfailureDifferentpeoplehavedifferentopinionsaboutsmokingOpinionsaredividedonthequestionofthestudentsareagainsttheideaofentrancefeeOntheotherhand,thinkthatfeesshouldbechargedTherearealwaystwoaspects(方面)toanysituationEverythingliveswithoppositeforcesThesamecanbesaidaboutmoderntechnology,suchasInternetSome(foolish)peopleseemtothinkbelieveholdtheviewthatsmokingisanenjoymentButinfact,smokingdoesgreatharmtopeople’shealthWemusttrytopersuadepeopletogiveupsmokingItisinvestigatedthatofthecomputersareusedtoplaygamesAccordingtoarecentinvestigation,……PlayinggamesoncomputerscanbeawasteoftimeIt’sbeenprovedthatearlyrisingcanmakepeoplefullofenergyEarlyrisinghelpstokeepfitAstheEnglishproverbsays,―Earlytobedandearlytorise,makeamanhealthy,wealthyandwise‖ExpertssuggestthatpeopleshouldhaveregularsportseverydayStudyshowsthatcigarettesmokingcancausecancersInadditiontohealthproblems,thereareotherreasonstogiveupsmokingFromtheabove,IcometotheconclusionthatsmokingdoesgreatharmtoourhealthFromnowon,weoughttobreakawayfromthebadhabitandformagoodoneMillionsofsmokersdiefromillnesscausedbysmokingtobaccoMysuggestionsareasfollowsAsfuturebuildersofourcountry,weshouldmakefulluseofourtimetoworkhard,anddothingstobenefitourcountryAsweallknow,spendingtoomuchtimeonTVmayhavebadeffectsonourworkandhealth,especiallyonoureyesTherefore,weshouldbeawareof(注意)whentowatch,howtowatch,andwhattowatchTherearemanywaysofkeepinggoodhealthNowadays,taxiesbringpeoplealotofconvenience,butalsocausealotoftroubleRegulationsshouldbelaiddownfortaxidrivers(应该专门为出租车司机指定交通规则)Nowmoreandmorestudentsaregettingnearsightedinschools,becausetheyhavepaidlittleattentiontothecareoftheireyes近年来高考英语书面表达中的难句第五节:表达方位和位置TheUnitedStatesliesbetweentwooceans–TheAtlanticandPacificNorthofitisCanadaandsouthofitisMexicoTheholidayvillageliestotheeastofWanHaiTower,oneofthefourmostfamoustowersinChinaThemanmadelakeliesnortheastofthehillandsoutheastofthetowerTheforestisaboutmileswestofChengduAtthepartyLiPingsatontheoppositesideofJennyAttheeveningRosewasseatednexttoMariaOnthefrontwallhangsaportraitoftheworldfamousgeneralInthemiddleoftheclassroomweresometeachersattendingtheclassAtthebackoftheschoolthereisapollutedriver,givingdirtysmellinsummerInthefrontoftheschool,thereisabeautifulgardenwherethestudentscanhavearestafterclassPartC年高考写作基本功训练(词组部分)为…引以为自豪做自我介绍对某事负责站不住倒在地上摇下车窗想出好主意挡道以高价卖出畅销为某事付出昂贵代价下班回家克服困难向某人求教助把…撞倒翻追求交叉双腿手乘坐汽车去…向…进发提供优质服务免费参观监视某人给某人一个惊奇正在玩耍吃饭工作休息购物索回要回调查某事罚款撕切推开因…批评某人对…羞愧张开双臂拥抱某人讲礼貌挣扎着站起来追赶某人情绪高涨为…做准备团结在一起帮助某人摆脱困境取消会议全力以赴做某事超速减速研究某事泡茶咖啡端饭摔成碎片带某人旅行依然如旧塑造性格发展个性(身体)垮了去(来)营救某人站起来远道而来年高考写作基本功训练(句子汉译英部分)他迅速走过去把老人扶起来。我们跟着那小偷进了商店,并在他偷一位老人的钱的时候抓住了他的手。看到一块大石头挡住了去路,他们只得下车,并且费了九牛二虎的力气才把它移到路边。虽然他大声呼救,但无人来帮他。上个周日,当我们正在去公园的路上,一场大雨倾盆而下。结果我们浑身湿透了。王宏每天在吃完饭后,帮妈妈收拾桌子,这己经成为了惯例。他伸手去够书架上的那本书,但却摔倒在地上。我看见一位老人背着一个大包在雪地里费力地走着。那个骑车人撞倒了正在过马路的孩子。班长在墙上贴了一个通知,通知说:运动会因为下雪推迟到下周五。PartD书面表达周周练继续阅读

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/15

09高考英语突破书面表达基础讲与练(5)

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利