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首页 蜜蜂生物学(1)1

蜜蜂生物学(1)1.doc

蜜蜂生物学(1)1

ying成桂
2017-12-27 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《蜜蜂生物学(1)1doc》,可适用于综合领域

蜜蜂生物学()蜜蜂生物学的定义是什么,它与其他昆虫生物学研究有异同点,蜜蜂有哪些值得人类学习的精神,目前研究蜜蜂生物学主要包括哪几个方面,生物学研究是以蜜蜂生命机制内在联系及外界的相关性为对象的学科也就是研究蜜蜂个体和群体的生命活动与外界环境相互关系的基础学科。蜜蜂生物学主要是研究蜜蜂与人类及自然的关系同普通昆虫学有明显差别我们的目的是了解蜜蜂的生命活动规律最大限度地繁殖和利用蜜蜂为人类服务。蜜蜂具有勤劳、勇敢、团结、善良、友爱和严谨的精神。研究内容包括蜜蜂的形态特征、内部解剖、生理代谢、分类、品种、个体发育、授粉和生态学等。蜜蜂与人类主要有哪些关系,你觉得哪些关系最为密切,蜂产品医疗经济价值、蜜蜂授粉作用。、蜜蜂生物学发展经历哪几个过程,请叙述其各阶段发展情况。原始阶段:原始人类和生物学的基本真相有了初步认识。近代阶段:由于活框箱的使用使养蜂工业化、现代化成为可能。现代阶段:现代蜜蜂生物学的研究已经进入分子遗传学和基因过程学的高水平人类不仅控制和利用其生物学特性而且能重组改造蜜蜂的品种品系。、请叙述未来蜜蜂生物学的发展前景。调查收集品种资源建立品种基因库关于基础理论的研究关于蜜蜂基因工程的研究关于蜜蜂授粉方面的研究关于蜜蜂微观的研究关于蜜蜂行为生态的研究、蜂群是由什么组成的,什么叫三型蜂,它们是如何产生的,它们形态上各有何异同点,请叙述其各自在蜂群中的作用。蜜蜂个体成员是由三种形态和职能不同的蜜蜂(三型蜂)组成的。三型蜂是指:蜂王、工蜂、雄蜂。蜂王是由受精卵发育成的是蜂群中唯一生殖器官发育完全的雌性蜂易于与工蜂和雄蜂区别具有维持蜂群安定和抑制工蜂产卵的作用。蜂王的唯一职能是产卵。工蜂也称职蜂是生殖器官发育不完全的雌性蜂在正常情况下是不能产卵的。工蜂在蜂群中数量最多个体最小。担负蜂群内各项劳动如采集花粉和花蜜酿制蜂粮哺育蜂王和蜂儿分泌蜂蜡修造巢房守卫蜂巢抗敌调节蜂群内的温度清理巢房等。雄蜂是蜂群中发育完全的雄性个体体格粗壮复眼发达头尾几乎成圆形它对蜂群延续后代有着重要作用对新蜂群后代的遗传性状和素质有直接的影响。、蜜蜂蜂巢是什么组成的,它有几种类型结构,蜂巢是蜂群繁衍生息和储存饲料的场所是工蜂用其腹部蜡腺分泌的蜡鳞片修造而成的。东方蜜蜂和西方蜜蜂的自然蜂巢是由多片巢脾组成的。有工蜂巢。各片巢脾与地面垂直互相平行纵向悬挂排列。蜜蜂营造的巢房可分为工蜂房、雄蜂房、王台lineofthebusthroughthelistofmadeamoredetailedprovisions,applymoreoperationalSevenisincreasedthearticle,inviolationoftherelevantprovisionsofthe,toparticipateinpublicfundstopayfordinner,highconsumptionofentertainment,fitnessactivitiesandpublicfundstobuygift,sendgiftstomaketheprovisionsofthedispositionOntheviolationofthecentralprovisionsofthespiritoftheeight,inadditionto><newregulationsinto"violationofhonestyandselfdiscipline"misconductoutside,isdifferentwiththeoriginal<Regulations>,revised<rule>clearlydefinednotonlytodispositionofthedirectlyresponsiblepersons,butalsodisposeofcollarGuideresponsibilities()increasedtradingrights,useofauthorityorpositioninfluenceasrelativesandclosetoprofitviolationofthetermsofthe<NewRegulations>absorption<cleanpoliticsseveralguidelines>therelevantprovisionsspirit,increasethe"negativelist,includingtradingrights,thefunctionsandpowersordutiesofinfluenceasrelativesandstaffaroundprofitIncreaseArticle"mutualuseofofficeorauthorityringforeachotherandtheirspouses,childrenandtheirspousesandotherrelatives,aroundpersonnelandotherspecificrelationshipbetweenthepeopletoseekbenefitsengageintradingrights,givenawarningorseriouswarningSanctionsifthecircumstancesarerelativelyserious,givingremovedfromorplacedonprobationwithinthepartypostifthecircumstancesareserious,shallbeexpelledfromthepartyIncreaseArticle"connivance,acquiescencetothespouse,childrenandspouseetcrelativesandstaffaroundtheeffectofPartymembersandcadrespersonalauthorityorpositionforpersonalgain,ifthecircumstancesarerelativelyminor,givenawarningoraseriouswarningifthecircumstancesarerelativelyserious,givingremovedfromorplacedonprobationwithinthepartypostifthecircumstancesareserious,thegivenExpelledfromthepartyPartymembersandcadresofthespouses,childrenandtheirspousesdoestheactualworkandgetsalaryoralthoughtheactualworkbuttoreceivesignificantlybeyondthesameranksalarystandard,Partymembersandcadresinformedfailstocorrect,inaccordancewiththeprovisionsoftheprecedingparagraph"()aboutthegifts,giftsmisconductfromhandlingpracticesinrecentyears,engagedinofficialcadresreceivedgifts,giftsproblemsmoreprominentThishasseriouslyaffectedtheimageofPartymembersandcadres,damagedtherelationsbetweenthepartyandthemasses,andisahotbedofcorruption,isreallynecessaryforthiskindofbehaviortobedisciplined<rule>noonacceptinggifts,gifts,Cardconsumptionbehaviortoengageinsimple"onesizefitsall",butthedifferencebetweenthedifferentseparatelyOneisinaccordancewiththeprovisionsofArticle,acceptingmayaffecttheimpartialenforcementoftheofficialgifts,gifts,consumercardstodependingontheseriousnessofthecaseshallbegivendisciplinarysanctionsThatistosay,formayaffectthefairexecutionofbusinessgifts,gifts,consumercardsarenotallowedtoacceptisinaccordancewiththeprovisionsofArticle,acceptingwassignificantlyhigherthannormalceremonyisstillexchangesofgifts,gifts,consumercardtodisciplinaryactionThisisnewregulationsthatdailylifeispurelyreciprocity,acceptingthesamething,boys,fellowfriendsgifts,gifts,shoppingcards,althoughandfairexecutionofbusinesshasnothingtodo,alsowanttoasthecaseshallbedealtwith,thesituationisobviouslybeyondnormalreciprocity"Thesocalled"reciprocity",oneisemphasizesthereciprocalinprotocolInotherwordsisyoutomehow,Itoyouhow,notonlydoesnotgoThesecondistosignificantlyexceededthenormallocaleconomylevel,customsandhabits,economiccapacityofindividualgifts,giftvalueSpecificsanctionstoaccordingtotheprocessingofavarietyoffactorstoconsider,asappropriateThethirdistherootaccordingtotheprovisionsofArticle,"toEngagedinpublicservicepersonnelandtheirspousesandchildren,children'sspousesandotherrelativesandotherspecificrelationshippresentedMingXianchaonormalreciprocityofgifts,gifts,consumercard,ifthecircumstancesarerelativelyserious,givenawarninguntilprobation"Inaccordancewiththeaboveprovisions,giftgivingsignificantlybeyondthenormalreciprocity,giverconstitutethediscipline()onillegaltradingofstocksorofotherregulationsofsecuritiesinvestment<>ArticleisengagedinpunishmentregulationofcampandactivityinviolationoftherelevantprovisionsonAmongthem,will"buyingandsellingstocksorinothersecuritiesinvestment"columnasoneofdisciplinarycasesOutFirstneedtobeclear,><regulationsdidnotchangetheprovisionsoftheOrdinanceTheordinanceoftheprovisionsofthesecondparagraphofArticleprovisions"who,inviolationoftheprovisionsofthesaleofstocks"isoneoftheviolation,andatthebeginningofthefirstparagraphofthisarticle"violationofagainsttherelevantprovisionsofthe"textualrepresentationoftherepeatrevisionIn,justfromthelegislativetechniqueremovedthe"personal"inviolationoftheprovisions,contentandnottochangetheoriginalprovisionsNeedtoclearis,"buyorsellastockorofothersecuritiesinvestment"referstoviolationoftherelevantprovisionsreferstoinApril,thePartyCentralCommittee,theStateCouncilpromulgatedtheOntheworkofthepartyandgovernmentorgansstaff'spersonalinvestmentinsecuritiesifdryprovisions>AccordingtotheprovisionsofArticle,useofworktime,officefacilities,thesaleofstocksandsecuritiesinvestmentfundbelongstoillegalbehaviorThefourthquestion,abouttheviolationofthemassesofthedisciplinaryactions<newregulations>wouldviolatepublicdisciplinebehaviorofasinglesetofaclassofrestored"threerulesofdisciplineandeightnote"inthedisciplineofthemassesofexcellenttraditional<NewRegulations>Chapter"toviolatethemassesofdisciplinaryaction",mainlythedestructionoftheparty'sclosetieswiththemassesofmisconductmadeprovisionsondisciplinaryenrichandperfectthesuperstandard,beyondthescopeofXiangQun<Alltoraisefundandlabor,inforinvolvingthepublicaffairsdeliberately,chinakayao,insocialsecurity,policysupport,disasterrelieffundsandmaterialsandothermattersassignedanykindandaffectionatefriends,obviouslyunfairactsagainsttheinterestsofthemassesofthedisciplinarytermsincreasethetermsnotinaccordancewiththeprovisionsofthepublicpartyprovided,government,factoryandvillage(neighborhood)providedetcviolationofthepeople'srighttoknowthebehaviorofthedisciplineThefifthissue,ontheviolationofworkdisciplineviolationofworkdisciplineadded"negativelist,includingPartyorganizationscarryoutstrictlyMainresponsibilityforpoordisciplineterms()thenewpartyorganizationcomprehensivestrictlythemainresponsibilityofthepartydoesnotfulfilltheorperformpoordisciplinaryterms<NewRegulations>hasaleadpeopletopayattentiontothenewterms,thatis,inchapterten"ontheviolationofworkdisciplinebehaviorpunishment"increaseintheonehundredandfourteenth"partyfailtoperformcomprehensivestrictlythemainresponsibilityofthepartyortoperformcomprehensivestrictlythemainresponsibilityforadministeringtheineffective,resultinginseriousdamageorseriousadverseeffects,tothepersondirectlyresponsibleandtheresponsibilityofleadershipandgiveawarningorseriouswarningThesituationisserious,givingremovedfromtheirpartypostsoronprobationPunishment"HerethechangesForthefirsttime,themainresponsibilitywrite<rule>()newshallreportdoesnotreportorfalsereportingdisciplineshallincreasethebar"inthehigherlevelunitstochecktoinspecttheworkorreporttotheparentunit,workreportofshallreportthemattersdonotreportordonotreport,causeseriousdamageorseriousadverseeffectsof,tothepersondirectlyresponsibleandtheresponsibilityofleadership,togivewarningoraseriouswarningifthecircumstancesareserious,givingremovedfromtheirpartypostsorplacedonprobation"Forexample,duringthetourvisitstotheregion,theunitMemberstheobligationtotheinspectionteamstoreflectthetruesituation,toconcealnotreportedorintentionallytotheinspectionteamstoprovidefalseinformation,causingseriousdamageorseriousadverseeffectsof,thepersondirectlyresponsibleandtheresponsibilityofleadershipshouldbeinaccordancewiththeprovisionsof<rule>Articletogivetheappropriatepunishment()thenewnotgrantedinaccordancewiththeprovisionsofpunishment,notaccordingtotheprovisionsoftheimplementationofdisciplinarymeasuresviolationoftheprovisionsofArticle"Partyorganizationshaveoneofthefollowingcircumstances,thedirectleadershipresponsibilityProbation:membersweresentencedpunished,inaccordancewiththeprovisionsgivedisciplinaryactionorinviolationofstatelawRulesofbehaviorshouldbegivendisciplinarypunishmentanddisposeofdisciplinarypunishmentbydecisionorcomplaintreviewthedecisionmade,notinaccordancewiththeprovisionsoftheimplementationdecisionsonpunishmentoftheparty,position,rank,andthetreatmentofthemattersPartymemberssubjecttodisciplinaryaction,notinaccordancewiththecadremanagementauthorityandorganizationalrelationshipsofbydisposeofPartymemberstocarryouteducationandsupervisionofdailymanagement"Whatneedstobepointedoutis,"cliff"demotedwithcars,housing,secretaryproblem,implementationisnotadisciplineandpartypostsandrankstreatmentbytheorganizationdepartmentisresponsiblefortheimplementation,withcars,housingbythelogisticsdepartmentisresponsiblefortheimplementationof,JiCommissionresponsibleoversightresponsibilitiesThesixquestions,abouttheactsviolatingthedisciplineoflife"inviolationofdisciplineoflifebehaviorpunishment",mainlyto"fourwinds"problemsandaseriousviolationofsocialmorality,familyvirtueactsofmisconductmadeprovisionsondisciplinary,anincreaseofextravagantlife,contrarytothesocialpublicorderandgoodcustomsdisciplinarytermsWorthmentioningis,><RegulationsinArticleabout"adultery""mistress(Cardiff)formulationinthenew<rule>isremoved,toexpandthescopeofArticleprovisions"andothershairimpropersexualrelations,letfacedisciplinaryactionWidermorestrictFour,andearnestlydoagoodjobinthe<code>and<rule>implementsystemoflifeliesinexecution<code>and<Regulations>isPartyorganizationsatalllevelsofastrongconstraintandallPartymembersfollowLearningandimplementingthe<code>and<rule>ispartycommittees(party),commissionfordiscipline,disciplineinspectiongroup),themajorityofPartymembersandcadresofthecommonresponsibility,mustpartycaughttogether,thepartyoneexecution()Partycommittees(party)andplayandimplementcomprehensivestrictlythemainresponsibility,paysspecialattentiontothetwopartyregulationslearningcrosspenetrationOneistoAdheretothepartyconstitutionisfundamentaltofollow,andresolutelysafeguardtheauthorityofthePartyChapterThesecondistoadheretotheproblemoriented,tostrictlypoliticaldisciplineandpoliticalrulemomentsinthefirstplaceThethirdistoadheretothedisciplineandrulesquiteinfrontmustnotallowthebottomlinetobreakthedisciplineThefourthistoseriouslyorganizethestudyofpropagandaandeducation,inthecitypartymemberstocreateadisciplined,abouttherulesofthestrongatmosphere(II)CommissionforDisciplineInspectionatalllevels(DisciplineInspectionGroup)toanimportantbasisfortherevisedtwopartyregulationsas,adheretoeasilyblame,strengthensupervisionandenforcementAndearlymethodincombiningJi,increaseaccountabilityeffortsOneistotworegulationswithinthepartyimportantbasis,adheretothepartyconstitutionduties,withstrictdisciplinetomaintaintheconstitutionauthorityThesecondistoadheretohighstandardsandkeepthebottomline,adheretoJiYaninlawanddiscipline,thedisciplineandrulesquiteinfront,graspinggraspingsmall,easilyblame,comprehensiveuseofsupervisionanddisciplineof"fourkindsofform"inthedisciplineembodiesthestrictrequirementsandcareforthediscipline,tightenup,YanAccordingtodisciplineinaccordancewithregulationstocarryoutdisciplinaryreviewIncreasetheviolationspunishment,cluescaninitiateaninvestigationonthetrialofcasesAccordingtothedisciplineontheprovisionsoftheproportionofprocessingandcontrolmanagermaintainsdisciplineTofocusoninvestigatingnonconvergence,don'taccepthandseriousdisciplinaryviolationsatthesametime,paymoreattentiontothegeneralreviewofdisciplinebehavior,andgraduallyincreasethelighterpunishmentFouristoilluminatetwopartyregulations,combinedwiththelocaldistrictoftheDepartmentofpartyconductLianzhengtorelevantlawsandregulationssystemclean,timelyresearchproposestoestablish,change,wastereleaseopinion,avoidconflict,andthefastensystemofcage,andgraduallyformednotrot,notrot,notwanttorotsystemandworkingmechanism()theleadershipofthepartymembersandcadresshouldplayanexemplaryroleTherateofhigherconsciousnessofthefrontoftheOrdinancetoleadpracticeselfdisciplinenorms,leadingtomaintaindisciplineofseriousnessandauthorityOneistheaboverate,demonstrationandguidance,taketheleadinlearningandmasteringthe<code>and<>therequirementsandregulations,dothedeepunderstanding,learningtouseThesecondistoplayanexemplaryroleinabidingbydisciplinerate,taketheleadinpracticingselfdisciplinenorms,firmlyestablishbeforethedisciplineareequal,thesystemhasnoprivilege,disciplineisnoexception,andconsciouslydostandards,requiremorestrictmeasuresmorepracticalThirdistoconsciouslyacceptsupervision,conscientiouslyparticipateinthedemocraticlifeanddebriefinghonestyresponsibility,suchasRealtothepartyorganizationtoreportpersonalmatters,andtoacceptthesupervisionoftheworkandlifeofthenormal,habitsunderthesupervisionoftheexerciseofpower,tocarryouttheworkThefourthistosetanexampleforthestrictenforcementofdisciplineLeadingcadresshouldtaketheleadinthemaintenanceofdisciplineofseriousnessandauthority,todaretoseriously,daretostruggle,daretooffendpeople,formisconductnotlaissezfaire,butdonotindulge,nottoleratetoensurethepartyconstitutionofpartycompassespartyputinplace()themajorityofPartymembersandcadrestosethighstandardsandholdthebottomline,consciouslyabidebythe<code>and<rule>Oneistocontrolthe<standard>and<cases>,tightCloseconnectionwiththeirownthoughts,practicalworkandlife,effortstosolvetheproblems,toenhancethestudyandimplementoftheeffectivenessandpertinenceThesecondistoestablishahighstandardandholdthebottomline,consciouslyintheselfdisciplinepursuitofhighstandards,strictlyinthepartyawayfromtheredlinediscipline,discipline,abouttherulesandknowfear,distrust,theformationofthehonorsystem,complywiththesystem,safeguardsystemofgoodhabitsRegulationsanddisciplineregulationsof<<NewRevisionoftheCommunistPartyofChinacleanfingeredselfdisciplinecriterion>and<ChineseCommunistPartyDisciplinaryRegulations>isthePartyCentralCommitteeinthenewsituationtopromotethecomprehensivestrictlyrootofthelift,theregulationsofthepartyconstructionofkeepingpacewiththetimesWeshouldstudyandimplementtheStandards>and<>astheprimarypoliticaltask,adheretothepartyconstitutionduties,adheretothedisciplineof,JiYaninlaw,thefullimplementationofsupervisionanddisciplineaccountabilityresponsibilitiesforcoordinationandpromotion"fouroverall"strategiclayoutinXXDistrictvividpracticetoprovideastrongguaranteeSiJianWu,andeffectivelyenhancetheimplementationoftheimplementationofthe<code><>TheconsciousnessofGeneralSecretaryXipointedoutthatthepartyisinchargeoftheparty,tomanagethepartystrictly,itcancuregoodpartyCriterion>and<rule>keeppacewiththetimesisourpartytoformanewpotentialstrictlyrules,todeepenunderstandingoftherulinglaw,isacomprehensivestrictly,andstrengthenthesupervisionwithinthepartyimportantgrasperCriterion>closelylinkedtothethemeofselfdiscipline,selfdisciplineintensitymodulated,focusingonmorality,forthemajorityofPartymembersandcadressettosee,feelthehighstandard,showtheCommunistsnoblemoralsentimentDistrictOrdinance<<rule>theconstitutionofdisciplineintegrationintoapoliticaldiscipline,organizationanddiscipline,honestyanddiscipline,disciplineofthemasses,workdiscipline,discipline,emphasizediscipline,focusingonestablishedrules,todrawthepartyorganizationsandPartymembersdonottouchthebottomlinePartycommittees(party)toeffectivelystrengthenthestudyandpublicizetheimplementationofthe<code>and<rule>theorganizationandleadershipofcriterion>and<>afullrange,multiangle,deeppublicity,theformationofstudyandpublicizeandimplementtheboom,inordertoconsolidatethedevelopmentofgoodpoliticalenvironmenttocreateapositiveenvironmentandatmosphereThemajorityofPartymembersandcadrestostrictrequirements,the<rule>and<Ordinancecases>asaguidetoactionandbehaviorcriterion,adheretothemoralstandardsanddisciplineofthebottomline,tomaintainthedisciplineofworshipandawe,learning,compliance,andmaintainpartydisciplineandrulesofthemodelThedisciplineinspectionandsupervisionorgansandcadrestothe<code>and<>asthedeepeningofthe"three",andstrengthensupervisionanddisciplineofaccountabilityisimportanttofollowcorrectlygrasptheuseofsupervisionanddisciplineof"fourtypes",promotethecomprehensivestrictlyinnewrootsStrictdiscipline,adheretothedisciplineandrulesquiteinfrontoftheenterpriseintheimplementationofexpensivetoimplementtoexecuteThedisciplineinspectionandsupervisionorganstoimplementthe<code>and<Effortstoinvestigatecases>asanopportunity,adheretothepartyshouldmanagethepartystrictly,seriousperformanceoftheirdutiestopromotetworegulationsimplementationChangedisciplineconceptFromthesimple"investigationofillegal"toacomprehensive"stareatviolatediscipline"fromthebusinesscasetoprosecutethebigcasesandtimelysolvethesignsoftilttoFromtheorientationtothenormalsupervisionfromthetube"minority"toresistthe"most"GuidePartymembersandcadrestoseriouslyimplementthe<code>and<rule>,consciouslyabidebythepolitical,organizational,honestpeople,work,lifesixdisciplineUrgetheleadershipcadressenttoplayanexemplaryrole,taketheleadinstrictlyenforcedRelaxationandrestStrongwindisSuJi,closelylinkedtothe"fourwinds"pronetomultiple,themassesreflectthestrongimportantnodesand,gluedtothefourwinds"newform,newtrends,seriouslyinvestigateanddealwithviolationsofthecentraleightprovisionsofthespirit,toincreasethebulletinexposureintensity,theformationofChajiu"fourwinds"loudly,continuetoreleaseanddisciplinemustbestrictsignalAtthesametime,extendedsupervisiontentacles,throughthedevelopmentoftheruralandfisherypartyconductLianzhengconstructioninspection,issuedinatimelymanner,Chajiuoccurredingrassrootssideofcorruptionandunhealthy,andearnestlysafeguardtheinterestsofthemassesandsocialstabilityThecreativityanddisciplineGraspandmakegooduseofthesupervisionanddisciplineof"fourtypes",toensurethePromotingcluestolotsofdisciplineandthelawofthevacuumtube,stricttogetherNotonlytothe"less"and"veryfew"thoroughinvestigationseverelypunished,butalsothe"most"tomaintainzerotolerancetrendthroughlayersofconductivepressure,letthedisciplineabouttherulesforeachpartymembersandcadresconsciouslyfollowAtpresent,itisnecessarytoimplementthe"list"management,strictlyfollowthecluestothedisposaloffivestandards,maketheclassificationofdisposal,dynamiccleanupZadokPartycommitteesatalllevelstoimplementthemainresponsibility,comprehensiveuseofdisciplinaryactionandtissueprocessingandothermeanstoeffectivelycurbthecommonplace,usedtoseedonotblamethe"smallproblem",notbecauseof"practice"and"exception"ProminentDisciplinecharacteristics,theproblemsofviolationofdisciplineandrulesintothefocusofsupervisionanddisciplineanddisciplinaryreviewAtthesametime,increasecasedoublechecktheintensity,theseriousproblemsofdisciplineviolationsor"fourwinds"banbutnotabsolutely,notonlytobehelddirectlyresponsible,butalsoheldleadershipresponsibilitynotonlytopursuestudiesthemainresponsibilityofthePartycommittee,andtopursueCommissionforDisciplineInspectionandsupervisionresponsibilitiesandpromoteaccountabilitytobecomethenewnormTheimplementationofsupervisoryresponsibilityMaintain<code>and<rule>theseriousnessandauthorityofthedisciplineandrulesandtrulybecometheparty'srulerDisciplineassupervisionwithinthepartythespecializedagency,wemuststrengthentheresponsibilitytoact,adheretotheImpartialdisciplineaccountability,earnestlywillbestrictdiscipline,disciplinemustbepunished,andseverelypunishtheactsinviolationofrulesandregulation
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