下载
加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 豫园

豫园.doc

豫园

胡倚山
2019-06-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《豫园doc》,可适用于人文社科领域

豫园(YuGarden)为“全国四大文化市场”之一,是上海市区内惟一的明式园林,坐落在豫园旅游商城内,与城隍庙相邻,是江南五大园林之首,兼有芥子纳须弥、小中见大的明清古典园林风格,它以虚实相映、大小对比、高下对称、疏密有致等建筑手法而著称,为全国重点文物保护单位,也是国家级A景点。豫园(YuGarden)为“全国四大文化市场”之一,与北京潘家园、琉璃厂、南京夫子庙齐名。它是老城厢仅存的明代园林。豫园建于明嘉靖年间,素有“城市山林”之誉,又有“奇秀甲于东南”之说,是上海著名的江南古典园林,距今已有四百余年历史,占地三十亩左右。园内有三穗堂、大假假山、铁狮子、快楼、得月楼、玉玲珑、积玉水廊、听涛阁、涵碧楼、内园静观大厅、古戏台等亭台楼阁以及假山、池塘等四十余处古代建筑,设计非常精巧。上海五大园林豫园、曲水园、醉白池、秋霞圃、古猗园。豫园景区的园林文化、宗教文化、建筑文化、商业文化、美食文化和市民文化充分显示了这一特色。豫园坐落于上海市市区南部旧城的东北角,北靠福佑路,东临安仁街,西面与上海城隍庙和豫园商城毗邻,豫园主要有七个景区:三穗堂景区、仰山堂大假山景区、万花楼和鱼乐榭景区、点春堂景区、玉玲珑景区、会景楼景区、内园景区。《神仙图》、《八仙过海》、《广寒宫》、《郭子仪上寿图》、《梅妻鹤子》、《上京赶考》、《连中三元》等极具文物价值和观赏价值。豫园园主潘允端,是明刑部尚书潘恩之子。嘉靖三十八年(年),潘允端以举人应礼部会考落第,萌动建园之念,在上海城厢内城隍庙西北隅(今安仁街东的梧桐路、马园弄一带)家宅世春堂西的大片菜畦上“稍稍聚石凿池,构亭艺竹”,动工造园。嘉靖四十一年,潘允端出仕外地,无暇顾及建园,其《豫园记》中说:“垂二十年,屡作屡止,未有成绩。”万历五年(年),潘允端自四川布政司解职回乡,便集中精力再度经营扩修此园,“每岁耕获,尽为营治之资”,并聘请园艺名家张南阳担任设计和叠山。此后,园越辟越大,池也越凿越广。万历末年竣工,总面积称余亩。全园布满亭台楼阁,曲径游廊相绕,奇峰异石兀立,池沼溪流与花树古木相掩映,规模恢宏,景色旖旎。年在豫园建园周年之际,江泽民同志欣然应邀为这座江南名胜题词“海上名园”。YuyuanGardenisafamousclassicalgardenlocatedinAnrenJie,ShanghaiThegardenwasfinishedinbyagovernmentofficeroftheMingDynasty()namedPanYunduanYuinChinesemeanspleasingandsatisfying,andthisgardenwasspeciallybuiltforPan'sparentsasaplaceforthemtoenjoyatranquil(安宁的)andhappytimeintheiroldageIntheyearsofitsexistence,YuyuanGardenhadundergonemanychangesDuringthelateMingDynasty,itbecameverydilapidated(荒废的)withthedeclineofPan'sfamilyIn,somerichmerchantsboughtYuyuanGardenandspentmorethanyearsreconstructingthebuildingsDuringtheOpiumWar(鸦片战争)ofthethcentury,YuyuanGardenwasseverelydamagedTheYuyuanGardenyouseetodayistheresultofafiveyearrestorationprojectwhichbeganinThegardenwasopentothepublicinSeptember,YuyuanGardenoccupiesanareaof,squaremeters(aboutfiveacres)However,thesmallsizeisnotarepresentativeoftheattractionsofthegardenThepavilions,halls,rockeries,pondsandcloistersallhaveuniquecharacteristicsTherearesixmainscenicareasinthegarden:SansuiHall,WanhuaChamber,DianchunHall,HuijingHall,YuhuaHallandtheInnerGardenEachareafeaturesseveralscenicspotswithinitsbordersUponenteringthegarden,youwillencounterarockery(假山),whichiscalledtheGreatRockeryWithaheightofmeters(aboutfeet),itisthelargestaswellastheoldestrockeryinthesouthernregionoftheYangtzeRiverOnthetopoftherockery,youcangetabird'seyeviewofthegardenCuixiuHallsitsatthefootoftherockeryItisaquietandelegantplacesurroundedbyoldtreesandbeautifulflowersVisitorswillfindcurio(古珍)shopsintheCuixiuHallSansuiHallwasbuiltinandwasoriginallyusedtoentertainguestsLateritbecameaplacetoholdceremoniesforthegentlemenandbookmenWithaheightofninemeters(aboutfeet)andfeaturingfivehalls,itisthelargestandmostcommodiousstructureinthegardenThenameSansuiisderivedfromthebookHistoryofthelaterHanDynasty,andmeans'propitious'and'lucky'WanderingintheareaofYulePavilionandWanhuaChamber,youwillfindpavilions,corridors,streams,courtyardsaswellasmanyothernaturalfeaturesWanhuaChamberisadelicatelychasedbuildingsurroundedbyderious(迂回的)cloisters(回廊)SpringbamboosgrowbesidethecloistersInfrontofWanhuaChamber,therearetwooldtreesOneisamaidenhairtree(银杏树)whichismeterstall(aboutfeet)ItissaidthatthetreewasplantedbythehostofthegardenyearsagoTheDianchunHallareaislocatedeastofWanhuaChamber,andincludesHexuHall,RelicHall,AncientWellPavilion,andtheActingandSingStageDianchunHallwasoncetheheadquartersofXiaodaoHui,arevoltedgroupwhofoughtagainstthegovernmentoftheQingDynasty()duringThecoinsmadebyXiaodaoHuiandthebulletins(公告)theyproclaimedarecurrentlydisplayedinthehallThetruetreasureofYuyuanGardenistheExquisiteJadeRock(玉玲珑)LocatedacrossfromYuhuaHall,itisoneofthethreefamousrocksinthesouthernregionoftheYangtzeRiver(TheothertwoareDuanyunFenginSuzhouandZhouyunFenginHangzhou)Therockismeters(aboutfeet)inheightandhasholesWhatisinterestingaboutthisrockisthatifyouburnajossstick(香)justbelowtherock,thesmokewillmagicallyfloatoutfromalloftheholesSimilarly,whenyoupourwaterintotherockfromtop,thewaterwillflowoutfromeachholecreatingaspectacularsighttoseePanYunduanwasveryfondoftheExquisiteJadeRock,andhebuiltYuhuaHallfacingtherocksoitwasconvenienttositinthehallandadmireitThefurnishingsinthehallweremadeoftopgraderosewood(紫檀木)oftheMingDynasty,appearingbothnaturalandgracefulTheInnerGardenwasaseparategardenbuiltin,butisnowapartofYuyuanGardeninthesouthTheInnerGardeniscompactandexquisite,andtherocks,pavilions,ornamentalpondsandflowerwallsoffersomeofthemostattractivesceneriesinYuyuanGarden

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/5

豫园

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利