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首页 历史的误读——宋朝(Misreading of history -- Song Dynasty)

历史的误读——宋朝(Misreading of history -- Song Dynasty).doc

历史的误读——宋朝(Misreading of history…

拿破伦二世哦
2018-10-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《历史的误读——宋朝(Misreading of history -- Song Dynasty)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

历史的误读宋朝(MisreadingofhistorySongDynasty)历史的误读宋朝(MisreadingofhistorySongDynasty)TheSongDynasty()isthehistoryoftheFiveDynastiesChinesebearing,andtheYuanDynastyera,accordingtothechangeofthecapitalandtheterritorycanbedividedintotheNorthernSongDynasty()andtheSouthernSongDynasty(),theeighteencalendaremperorthreehundredandtwentyyears,collectivelyknownasthetwosongTheyearisthebeginningofthethreemonth,whenthepeopleofallethnicgroupsstillimmersedintheSpringFestivalauspiciousday,thegenerals,waschecking(equivalenttothecurrentBeijinggarrisoncommander)ZhaoKuangyinwasinstructedtoDepartmentofNorthimperialLiaoning,arrivedattheinninhisbrotherChen,alsothefutureofSongTaizongZhaoGuangyiandtheplotunderthecroniesZhaopuplanning,a"mutiny,suit"farce,and"muddleheaded"boardedtheroyalprerogative,createdalargegainvictorywithunstainedswordsSongDynastyinheritanceThisisChinachangedynastiesrareinthehistoryofpeacefulevolution,Dynastymadesogentle,lackofviolence,thedynastymoderateandopenpolicyisnothardtounderstandTheancientcalendarsincetheevaluationoftheSongDynastymixed,praisehassaidisoneoftheSongDynasty,theeraofChinesehistoryofeconomicandculturaleducationofthemostprosperousrevivalofConfucianism,politicaleducationteachers,moreenlightenedandhonest,noseriousendofSongDynastyeunuchmisgovernmentandlocalseparatism,mutiny,peoplescramblingtimesandscaleinChinesehistoryitisrelativelylessThefamoushistorianChenYingeoncesaid:"thecultureofChinesenation,hasyearsofevolution,intheworldSongzhiZhaozaoji"InthewesternandJapanesehistoriansthattheSongDynastyisthehistoryoftheRenaissanceThereareplentyofpeoplewhoChinaandeconomicrevolutionTheSongDynastyhassaidthatdevaluationisoneoftheChinesemilitaryhistoryweakera,oftenthenomadicLiao,JinandXiainvasion,eventuallyretreatedsouth,establishedtheSouthernSongDynasty,whichcannotachievetrueunityInfact,thesejudgmentsarepurelyeachoneaccordingtohislights,whilethehistoryitselfisleftlateron,sothattimeisofnogreatimportanceforpraiseButinthesejudgments,IthinksomephenomenonworthexploringandreflectingIsSongZhaozhenweakinourimaginationIdon'tthinksoTakethemilitarywar,accordingtothe"historyoftheSongDynasty","Liaohistory","thehistory","compilationofsong"s"andotherhistoricalrecords,theSongDynasty'sWar(above,warscalemillionpeopledoesnotincludetheunificationwarandcivilwar)bywinningmorethanWhyistheSongDynasty'swarhasbeengivingtheimpressionthatitisweak,JinsonemperorShiJingtangYanYunsixteen,lost,andthisislotsofhorsesoldiersinthepast,withfleshandbloodagainsttheimpactofforeignfighters,sothevictoryofawarandnotawarofannihilationisdefeatedif,inaperiodoflessthanofthewinningSongDynastyoutside,thebasicmeansofthenationYueFei'svictorywaslargelyahetrainedcavalry,whichcanfightthealien,recoveringTheaveragecombatweightofthesoldiersintheSongDynastywaskg,andthetrainingloadwashigherthanthefigure,whilethemostelitetrooptrainingintheUnitedStatestodaywaslessthankilogramsinweightTheNorthernSongDynastyduringthereignofKamineYuantoyo(),cityratereachedmorethan,inthesocalled"KangxiandQianlong"era,thisproportionisonly,IntheearlytwentyfirstCentury,newChinaregaineditsvalueIntheSongDynasty,skilledworkerswageshigherthanthewagesoftheprefectTheSongDynastyprefectisgenerallyfromthreeorfour,annualsalaryofmorethanpenetration,atleastequivalenttotoday'sthousandyuan,thissalaryeventhecivilservantscannotmatch,ofcourse,notincludingtheirgrayincomeInthelateSongDynasty,theSongDynastyaccountedforaboutoftheworld'spopulation,butthetotaleconomicoutputaccountedformorethanoftheworld,morepowerfulthantoday'sUnitedstatesSongKaixitwoyears()thecentralfiscalrevenuereachedmoney,wasaboutmillionofthecountry'spopulationTheQingDynastytorevenuewastons,thepopulationofmillionThepurchasingpowerofthesongsintheSouthernSongDynastywastimesasmuchasthatoftheoneortwosilverinthelateQingdynastyTheSongDynastytaxratewasmuchlowerthanthatoftheQingdynastyThesedataprovethattheSongDynastyisnotweak,buttheSongDynastyisunfortunately,intheeraofforcedwar,itwillleaveadisadvantageforthefalseimpressionTheculturalstatusoftheSongDynastywasveryprominent,andtheSongCi,calligraphyandpainting,whichhavebeenhandeddowntothepresenttimes,aretheproductsoftheflourishingcultureatthattimeCulturaldevelopmentmustbedrivenbytheimprovementofthestatusoftheliterati,whiletheChinesehistory,SongDynastyisoneofthehighestsocialstatusChinesedynastyliterati,themostliberal,andinthisperiodalargenumberofscholarofficialsintheaspectofpoliticalculture,isamustJustnameafew,andallthenamesareresoundingKouZhun(),apoliticianandpoetintheNorthernSongdynastyChunhuafiveyears(years)toaidparticipation(DeputyPrimeMinister),SongZhenzong,servedwithZhongshumenxiaPingzhangshiThefirstyearofJingde(),themassiveinvasionofSongLiao,KouZhunadvocatedresistance,andtopromotetheriverandLiaoLihadledChanyuanalliance,playedaroleinstabilizingthesituationButthepoemas"XiaoXiaofartreewoodland,halfwithAkiyamasunset","sunsetcorridorlightcoldrainsmelllanguage,theharvest"isworthponderlinesFanZhongyan(),apolitician,writer,strategistandeducatorintheNorthernSongdynastyQinglithreeyears()rosetoFushitrecenezago,canzhizhengshi(DeputyPrimeMinister),proposed"Chuzhi,luck,fineantiMingGongJu,choosetherulers,bothNongsang,Gongtian,thickrepairweapon,reducingSeana,heavycorvee,pushthecommand"tenreformproposals,ishistoryThefamous"tenthings"ahandofChenChao,isoneofthesocalled"theruleofthepromotersatthattime,formedtheSongDynastybureaucraticstyleTheliteraryqualityisalsoveryhigh,thefamous"YueyangTower","theworld'sfirstconcernandworry,aftertheworldmusicbecomefamousthroughtheages,andevenbecomethepoliticssomeseniorofficialsoftencitedassayingOuYangxiu(),astatesman,writer,historianandpoetoftheNorthernSongDynasty,wasoneoftheeightgreatpoetsoftheTangandsongdynastiesJingyoutwoyears(),presidedovertheimperialexaminationintheHanlinidentity,admittedSuShi,zenggong,hasagreatinfluenceonthetransformationofSongDynastystyleJingyouthreeyears(),theHanlinidentityandtherighttoknowthekaifengfulontugebachelordegree(equivalenttothecurrentBeijingMunicipalCommittee),Jingyoufiveyears(),thedeputy,thefollowingyear()shenzhizhengshi(formerDeputyPrimeMinisterlevel),AndthenasXingbuShangshu(MinisterofJustice),bingbushangshu(secretaryofDefense)andotherstaffWangAnshi(),apolitician,thinkerandlitterateuroftheNorthernSongDynasty,wasalsooneoftheeightgreatTangandsongdynastiesAsof,canzhizhengshi,waspromotedtoprimeminister(PrimeMinister),the"fateoflessfear,hisshirt,spiritualfathersnot"theimplementationofthereform,launchedanewQingmaolaw,thelawofirrigationandwaterconservancyandMuyilaw,leftaheavycolorinthepoliticalwealthoftheSongDynastyhistoryonThe"SpringGreenRiversouth,whenthemoonasIalsobecomeeternalsentences,spreadsofarSimaGuang(),apolitician,writer,historianoftheNorthernSongdynastyShiShi,thefourdynastiesYuanfengeightyears(),themainBeijinggovernmentofficein,thebookofZuopushe,andunderthedoorShilang(equivalenttoDeputyPrimeMinister),powerandahalfyearsasWangAnshilawknownas"waste,yuanyoumore"Thecompilationofthe"mirror"isthefirstChinesehistoryofannalisticstylehistory,thehistoricalstatusofselfevidentAndheAtsuraKyo,uprightandoutspoken,isthemodelofconfucianismWearemostfamiliarwithSuShi(),theNorthernSongDynastywriter,poems,prose,prose,calligraphyandpaintingarehighachievement,isararearthistoryChineseliteratureallrounder,alsoChinesethousandsofyearsofhistoryhasbeenrecognizedasamostoutstandingartisticattainmentsofscience,oneoftheFourNorthernSongDynastycalligrapherHuzhou,schoolfounder,oneoftheeightofTangandSongDynasties,whichissuchagreatwriter,butalsotheupsanddownsofcareercontinuously,mostlyinthelocalofficial(equivalenttotoday'smunicipalSecretary),performanceexcellentreputationHangzhouWestLakeisademonstrationofSirGeorgsoltiIntheofficialHanlin,to,successivelysendinglibushangshu(Ministeroforganization),bingbushangshu(secretaryofDefense),libushangshu(MinisterofEducation),isalsotheministeriallevelcadresItisapleasantthingtoenumeratetheabovehistoricaldataChinahasovertwothousandyearsoffeudalhistory,theliteratiofficialandofficialhasonlyappearedinthistime,havetosayiswithnopredecessors,noonewhoreadtopeopleisveryhappyThisphenomenononlyappearedinthesongareitshistoricalbackgroundHecametopowerbywayofpeacefulevolution,evolutionissuccessful,becauseheheldmilitarypowerSoafterhetookoffice,alwaysfeelthatthereisnosenseofsecurity,ifallowedtowieldmilitarypowerthatattaches,maybetodayistomorrow'sIhim,sotheytrytoweakenthepositionandpowerofthegenerals,"acupofwinereleasefor"isanexampleButthecountryisalwaystogovernance,militaryalwaysruleditwithliterati,literaticharacterweakness,isrelativelyeasytocontrol,thesocalled"weakkneedrevolt,threeyears",theSongDynastyatthebeginningofastandundertheprovisionsofthearticle"don'tkillInthisenvironment,theculturalatmosphereisgraduallystrong,andthesocialtrendwillfollowEventheemperorhadbeenearsdyedmoisteneyeSongTaizong,arty,lovepoems,likecalligraphy,goodgrass,scribe,seal,eightfeibaisixkindsoffonts,especiallyflybaitiTheSongDynastyisthewordonthecurrencyofChunhuaGoldKingproTherewasalsoanemperormostunliketheemperor,ThatisSongHuizongZhaoJi(),althoughtheemperor,butveryhighartisticattainments,goodKai,landscapes,figures,flowersandbirdsandcursive,mozhuGoodatpoetry,originalshoujincharactercalligraphyunrivaledintheworld,untiltodaybelievethatnoonecantranscendThisthingoldenbodycalligraphy,tallandstraight,beautiful,elegantandsharp,evenifitiscompletelydonotunderstandcalligraphy,peoplewillfeelverygoodafterreadingCanbecalledthefirstpersonofancientandmodern,comparedtothecurrentofficialfont,reallydarenotcompliment,perhapsthesignatureofthemostartisticsense,nottomentiontheirowncalligraphybodyAtthesametimetheemperorduringthereignofthepainter'spositiontothehighestpositionChinahistory,establishedimperialpainting,namelythepalacepaintingAtestmethodtothepromotionofthepaintingastheimperialexaminationThefamous"QingmingFestival",andtheemperoronthepaintingZhangZeduanfinishedthispieceofhistoryafterthefirstsingatimeofnationalpeaceandorder,itisdedicatedtothesongSongHuizongpersonallywroteinthepicture"painting"fivewordsIfheisnotbornintheroyalfamily,notascendedtothethrone,maybeheisatrueartist,maybecome"TangSongjiu",butunfortunately,hewasborninthewrongdoor,highartisticattainmentsmaynotbeabletohavethehighadministrativeability,dotheemperor,hispoliticaldefeatinacompletemess,butcan'tobliteratetheirartisticsuccessAnyway,heisalsothelegendinhistoryAstheSouthernTangemperorLiYu,a"qhowcanworryabout,likeariverflowstotheEast"don'tknowhowmuchoftheincreaseofmelancholyFortheycannotsimplymeasuredinrightandwrong,shouldchangeaperspectivetocommentfromtheaestheticheight,theyareartgiants,sothatwhentheemperorshouldswitchintheart,theartistocreatethisdynastyascanbeimagined,evenwhentherearealsobadbadpeopleForexample,CaiJing(),NorthernSongDynastyofficial,althoughinpoliticsisatypicalopportunist,butitsartistictalentisnotlowAmongthefourNorthernSongDynastycalligrapher,hiscalligraphyis"thebestforatime","nooneleftout"AndthatwascursedforthousandsofyearsofQinHui(),isnowauniversal"Songti"founder,peoplehatehim,unwillingtocallthefontforthe"Qin",named"song"Thisshowsthatthemorefunnythedynasty,themorelovelyTheprimeministerWenTianxiangontheSouthSongDynasty()(PrimeMinister)ischanted"Allmenaremortal,accordingtoretainloyaltytoverseanddeath,sincetheendofaneraThisdynastybeganwithcultureandendedincultureandcultureItwasalsoakindofperfectionandanactofgodOfcourse,scholarshavedrawbacks,suchasthatinanideal,emotional,emotional,istoostraightforward,butinflexible,literatiofficialcankeepitsuniqueculturalpersonality,canbeverygoodtoguidesocietyinthestyleofstudy,purifythesocialatmosphere,thisispurelybureaucraticdonothaveScholarsintheofficialatthesametime,theyarestillaffectedbytheacademicinfluence,maintainingtheconscienceofgoodandevil,influencedbythetraditionalChinaRenyilizhiletterofeducation,notonlytobeanofficial,butalsodedicatedtogoodgovernment,cleangovernment,forthepeople'swellbeingThebureaucraticpurposeisveryclear,istobeahighofficial,official,thiscanconfuserightandwrong,exclusion,useunscrupulousdivisivetactics,orfortheirclique,isnotimportant,importantistomaximizetheirowninterestsComparisonofthemoment,thescholarofficialscalledsomewhatexaggerated,affectedtoo,alsodonotwanttowinforthemselvesagentlefriendlytitle,goodforfuturepoliticalcareerrenderingagoodenvironment,onceexposed,theyfoundthateverythingisfalseAsthecurrentacademicfraud,plagiarism,fewpeoplestopandmeettheeyeeverywhere,dopeoplelearn,universitieshavebecometheofficial,namecardisatthelevel,focusonthedepartmentallevel,theleveloftheministerialtitles,oftenlessguarded,thepurescholarimage,knowledgehasbecomeapoliticalcapital,hasbecomeapoliticalwreathAndtheperfectcombinationofthetwoisnothingmorethanthecivilserviceofthesongdynastyOnfurtherreflection,theSongDynastylastedforyears,isthehistoryofChinaDynastylastingyears,suchastheTangDynasty,theYuanDynastyyears,yearsoftheMingDynasty,theQingDynastyforyears,butinpeople'simpression,theSongDynastywasbeatentocontinueforsolong,havetosayisamiracleTheTangDynastyisadynastywhichistalkedaboutinhistoryWhataboutthestatusofscholarsintheTangDynastyAlthoughTangTaizonghasissueda"herointheworld,Iwillmakeintothecapsule"but,likeLiBai,DuFuandotherpoetsorvagrant,ordestitute,rarelycanbereused,nottomentiontheUNHighTemple,thegrandambitionAstheQingDynasty"flourishingage"isjustasurfaceboastedofthepaper,thenWenziyuDaxingRoad,literatibecamerulerstofoolpeoplethetools,nottomentionwhatposition,eventuallysoonbyWesternpowersintheartilleryfireandopenedthedoor,letChinaunderyearsshameTheLenovo,anation,acountry,andthedevelopmentofculturalheritageishowimportant,theweakisnotweak,becausethistimetheemergenceofalargenumberofoutstandingscholarofficialshavetrained,theyarealsotheofficialYiWen,althoughthepoliticalviews,buttheculturalpersonalityoneachotherrespect,evenechoeachotherComparedtothecurrentofficialdom,impetuous,vanityandcorruptionServingthepeople,thepeople'spublicservantshavebecomeback,imageprojects,achievementsprojectsabound,andfinallysufferorthepeopleNowlookattheofficials,alsomorebureaucraticthanancientbureaucrat,asoneman,nomatterhowhighposition,afterthehandoutmotorcades,Chung,travel,pleasure,inThewinecupspassedfreelyforgetwhoyouare,justcanhavemuchtimetosettledowntostudy,indepthunderstandingofthepeople,reflectthebasiclevel,policyIfanyonecanquoteaverseoneortwoinpublic,israre,asisrefined,thescholarofficialsandreputation,Idonotknowwhetheritwassadorsatire,isasocialtragedy,orpoliticaltragedy,knownundertheancestorQuan,alreadyblushandloudandclearhowtherearesomanyunworthydescendants,defiledtheirfamouspoemsHere,Isuggestthatthosesocalledofficials,withcaution,thesocalledscholartypetoflauntthemselves,askyourself,"first,youdoyourduty"Second,doyoudeserveitTheSongDynastyhasgonefaraway,andthedynastyhasceasedtoexist,Historyhaslongbeenprecipitated,thecultureisstillsweetWithcopperasamirror,youcandressupwithhistoryasamirror,onecanknowfromgainsandlossesThissentenceappliesnotonlytoeveryone,butalsotoanation,acountry

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