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首页 (1)大学英语一级试卷及答案

(1)大学英语一级试卷及答案.doc

(1)大学英语一级试卷及答案

难得糊涂的过
2019-06-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《(1)大学英语一级试卷及答案doc》,可适用于综合领域

河北大学课程考核试卷xxxxxxxx学年第x学期 xxxx级xxxx专业(类) 考核科目 大学英语一课程类别必修 考核类型考试考核方式闭卷卷别A(注:考生务必将答案写在答题纸上写在本试卷上的无效)PartII  ReadingComprehension(marks,markseach)SectionADirections:ReadthefollowingpassagesandchoosethebestanswertoeachofthequestionsfollowingthepassageQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassage:ThegoodnewsaboutBritain’sNationalHealthService(NHS)isthatitgivesfreemedicalhelptoeveryonewhoneedsitSickpeopledon’thavetopaytoseethedoctor,ortostayinhospital,andtheyonlypaypartofthecostoftheirmedicinesThebadnewsisthattheNHSisalwaysrunningoutofmoneyTheBritishgovernmentspendsevenlessonhealththantheAmericangovernmentAndintheUSAsickpeoplealsohavetopayeverytimetheyseeadoctorTheNHShasbeenadmiredandenjoyedbyBritishpeoplesincewhenitstartedTheideathenwastolookafterpeople“fromthecradletothegrave”Freemedicinewaspartofthe“welfarestate”,whichgavefreeeducationtotheyoung,moneytotheunemployed,andpensionstotheold Slowly,astheyearspass,problemshavegrownupGovernmentsarefindingthatthebillsaregettingbiggerandbiggerIn,£,millionwasspentonhealthOnereasonforthisisthattherearemanymoreoldpeoplenowthantherewereinFortypercentofNHSmoneygoestolookingaftertheoldSomepeoplesaythattheNHSisaluxuryBritaincannotaffordTheywanttobringbackmoreprivatemedicine,forwhichpeoplewouldpayFreemedicine,theysay,shouldbegivenonlytothepoorOtherpeople,includingmanydoctors,disagreeEveryone,theysay,hastherighttothesamemedicalhelpInatwopartsystem,therichwouldalwaysgetthebestThiswouldnotbefairPeoplealsodisagreeabouthowNHSmoneyshouldbespentShould£,bespentoneachhearttransplantoperation,whentherearenotenoughbedsforthousandsofoldpeopleinpainShouldabortionsbepaidforbytheNHSShouldmoremoneybespentonthementallyillShouldn’tdoctorsandnursesbebetterpaid ThequestionsgoonandonbutsodoestheNHSAndmillionsofBritishpeoplearethankfulthatit’sthereInBritainsickpeoplehavetopaysomemoneytoAseeadoctorBstayinahospitalCgetsomemedicineDhaveanoperationInBritainmoremoneyisspentonhealththanbeforebecauseAmorepeoplegetillBtherearemoreoldpeopleCmedicinesbecomemoreexpensiveDdoctorsandnursesarebetterpaidSomepeoplewanttohavemoreprivatemedicineinBritainbecausetheyAdon’ttrusttheNHSBwantbettermedicaltreatmentCdon’tthinkBritaincanaffordfreemedicineforallDbelievethateveryonehastherighttomedicalhelpWhatisthebiggestproblemtheNHSisfacingAShortageofmoneyBCriticismsfromthepeopleCArgumentsaboutitsfunctionDPressurefromthegovernmentWhichofthefollowingisacontroversialissueconcerningtheNHSAWhetherit’snecessaryornottoprovidebedsforoldpeopleinpainBWhetherthereshouldbefreemedicalcareforthementallyillCWhetherpeopleshouldeverbecaredforfrombirthtodeathDWhethermoneyshouldbespentonmorecriticalcasesQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassage:Insomewaystheemploymentinterviewislikeapersuasivespeechbecausetheapplicant(interviewee)seekstopersuadetheemployer(interviewer)toemployhimorherSeveralsuggestionsmightprovehelpfultotheapplicantwhenheorsheispreparingfortheactualinterviewAjobapplicantshouldgathercertaintypesofinformationbeforetheinterviewFirst,theapplicantshouldknowwhatkindofjobhewantsandhowthatjobrelatestohiscareerobjectiveItisimportantthattheapplicantbeabletostatewhyhewishestoworkforaparticularcompanySecond,theapplicantshouldseekasmuchinformationaspossibleconcerningthecompany,suchasthelocation,thefinancialsituationofthecompany,plansforexpansion,andcompanyphilosophyInformationaboutmostbigcorporationsisavailableinreferencebooksandperiodicalsAftergatheringinformationconcerningthecompany,theapplicantisreadyfortheinterviewTheinterviewer’sfirstimpressioncomesfromtheinterviewee’sappearanceFormostinterviews,theappropriatedressforamanisaconservative(保守的)darkcoloredsuitwithalongsleevewhiteorlightblueshirtandconservativetieAlthoughhairstyleanddressaremattersofpersonaltaste,manypersonneldirectorsgetfirstimpressionsfromthesecharacteristicsForexample,onerecentcollegegraduate,whofelthimselfqualified,interviewedforapublicrelationsjobHowever,thepersonnelmanagerconsideredthisyoungman’slonghair,sloppydress,andoverlycasualmannerunsuitedforthisparticularposition ForwhomisthepassagemostlikelywrittenAAnemployee  CAnintervieweeBAnemployer  DAninterviewerAstheauthorsuggests,whattheapplicantshouldknowbeforetheinterviewisAthetypeofworkhewantsandhiscareerexpectationBhiscareerobjectiveaparticularcompanywilldecideCthereasonswhyaparticularcompanywantstoemployhimDalloftheabove     Beforetheinterview,theapplicantshouldobtainsomeinformationaboutAmostbigcorporationsBthecompanyhewantstoworkforCreferencebooksandperiodicalsDbusinessandphilosophyWhattheapplicantwears,astheauthorsuggests,canmakehimbecomeAexpressive  CinformativeBimpressive  DconservativeWhatdoesthepassagetellusthroughtheexampleinthelastparagraphATheimportanceofpersonaltasteBTheimportanceofpublicrelationsCTheimportanceofselfconfidenceDTheimportanceofafirstimpressionSectionBDirections:InthissectionthereisashortpassagewithfivequestionsorincompletestatementsReadthepassagecarefullyThenanswerthequestionsorcompletethestatementswithnomorethanwordsQuestionsarebasedonthefollowingpassageIamnotacomputerexpertIhavebeeninthefieldforonlyashorttimeIneverlearnedmuchinthewayofscienceormathAndIamquitepuzzledbythingslikeengineeringorelectronicsThenwhyamIabletowriteaboutcomputersIcanwriteonthissubjectbecauseoftheseshortcomingsThelasttwoyearsoflearninghavebeenanordeal(考验)formeByhardworkIhavemanagedtolearnenoughtousecomputersfairlywell,andtoworkwithpeoplewhoknowagreatdealmorethanISinceIhavelearnedallthisatsuchpersonalcost,IwouldliketosharemyknowledgewithothersMoreandmorepeoplewanttoknowaboutcomputers,andwanttoknowquicklyThebestwaytolearnistotakeacourseHowever,manypeopledonothavethetimeforthisTheywillhavetofindsomeotherwaystogetsomebasicinformationIhopetobeabletohelpthembywritingaboutsomeofthethingsIhavelearnedmyselfIhaveahomecomputeronwhichI’velearnedinmyowntimeIhaveuseditlikeahomestudycourseIhavesatdownwithitdayafterday,nightafternightIhaveforcedittogiveupsomeofitssecretsNowIcanuseittodosomeoftheworkthatIgetpaidforSomethingsaboutcomputersareeasierthanyoumaythinkFirst,computersarelogicalThingsthatatfirstseemdifficultwillmakesensetoyouafteryoulearntherulesSecond,itisreallynothardtolearnenoughtousetoday’smachinesYoudonotneedtobeagreatbrainButyoudohavetolearntothinkinnewwaysAndyoudohavetokeepagoodbitofinformationinyourheadFinally,therearemanypeoplearoundwhoarereallyenthusiasticaboutcomputersThesepeoplearealwayshappytobeofhelpWhatarethesubjectstheauthorispooratWhat’stheauthor’spurposeofwritingthearticleWhatdopeoplethinkofcomputerswhentheyfirstbegintolearntousethemAccordingtotheauthor,tolearntousethecomputerrequiresAccordingtotheauthor,whocanyouturntoforhelpwhenlearningthecomputerPartIII  VocabularyandStructure(marks)SectionA(marks,markeach)Directions:ThereareincompletesentencesinthispartForeachsentencetherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheoneanswerthatbestcompletesthesentenceFewofthestudentsunderstandwhylanguageistohumanbeingsAaware      Bunique    Cabsolute      Dcontinual Themethodheusedturnedouttobeinimprovingthestudents'EnglishAeffective      Bable      Ccapable      Dexplicit ThebossrefusedtogiveanyonthefactthathisworkerswereoutofjobsAresponse      Bcomment    Canswer      Dreply Whatasmell!OpenthewindowandairtheroomAdisgusting    Bpleasing    Cpowerful      Ddisturbing ShewasputtingonherjeansmetohandherthesweaterAwhileasked    Basked      Casking      Dwhileasking IgotalittlewhenIlearnedthattheappointmentwiththegeneralmanagerwaschangedtoanothertimeAconcerned    Bdistracted    Cupset        Dawful ShehimtohelphertofindanswerstoherproblemsAlearnedfrom    Bcameinto    Cleanedon       Dlookedat PeopleworkinginthegovernmentshouldnotbusinessaffairsthatmightchangetheirpoliticaljudgmentAengagein    Bhopefor    Cchoosebetween  Dpickon ThelargewingsofthatbirdittoflyveryhighandfastAmake       Benable    Cforce      Drealize Whenyou'reinParisyoucan'thelpbeingofthewaythestreetsarekeptcleanAeffective      Brelaxed    Cconscious    Dobvious HewasagoodworkerwhowastohisfamilyaswellastohisworkAconsistent      Bcommitted  Ccontent     Dengaged ItissaidthattotheplansofarhavebeenpositiveAreactions      Bviews    Cideas      Dopinions RobinthoughtthatthebesttolearningaforeignlanguageisthestudyofthespokenlanguageAmethod        Bway    Cmeans     Dapproach Listening,speaking,reading,andthenwritingthebasicorderinlanguagelearningAassists        Bconstitutes  Cestablishes    Dfounds TheyoungprofessorhimselfasaninternationalleaderinthefieldofmathematicsAestablished      Bbuilt    Cfounded     Dfound ThelittlegirlcouldnothercuriositytoseewhatwasintheboxAhold        Bkeep      Ctake       Drestrain Withthejob,hewenttoseeafilmwithhiscolleaguesAdone        Bdoing      Ctodo       Ddo NeitherhiscolleaguesnorhismotherhismarriagetothatgirlAaccept        Baccepts     Cagree       Dagrees Mostpeoplehavenorealideahowtochangetohealthyfood,andMaureenwasnoAfoundation      Bpossibility    Cexception     Dignorance HerefusestoletothersspeakandeverymeetingAconfronts    Baffects      Cattaches     Ddominates Youngchildrenhavealimitedattentionandcan'tfocusononeactivityforverylongArange        Bspan       Creach       Dspread WhenI'mgoingoutintheeveningIusethebikeifIcan,thecarAregardlessof    Bmorethan     Cotherthan     Dratherthan Amanwalkedinoffthestreetandfellflathisface,unconsciousAfor           Bon       Cagainst     Din GoodmanagingofacompanygreateffortsAcallson       Bcallsout     Ccallsin     Dcallsat SheisawomanwhoiscertainofherideasandactionsAsignificant     Baware       Cconfident     Dintense speechisthemostobviousformofcommunication,wedouseotherformstocommunicateASince       BWhen       CWhile       DAs Afteralongperiodofregularexercise,InowmuchlessthanIusedtoAweigh       Blike       Cgrow       Dincrease MotherdroppedtheglassshewasstandingupfromherseatAand  Bbut       Cso       Das Ifyoutrytolearntoomanythingsatatime,youmaygetAalarmed       Bscared       Csurprised     Dconfused Shecan'tremembercommittingthemurder,althoughallthefactspointtoherAguilt        Bintention     Cviolence     DvictimSectionB(marks,markeach)Directions:Completeeachofthefollowingsentenceswiththeproperformofthewordderivedfromtheonegiveninbrackets(woe)Fromhisexpression,Icanseeheisstillsufferingfromtoothache(mature)Heisinhisfullasanactor(complain)Ifyourneighborsaretoonoisythenyouhavecausefor(emphasize)TheEnglishcourseplacesgreatonspeakingskills(present)Ihavebeenaskedtogiveashortontheaimsoftheplan(frustrate)byhisfatherinregardtohiswishtobecomeadoctormadetheyoungmanveryunhappy(require)Thenewpillsmetallthesetbythegovernment(amaze)Visitorsareoftentodiscoverhowlittlethetownhaschanged(envy)Shewillalwaysbeofhersister’sbeauty(ignore)Needsofthepoor,diseaseandremainmajorproblemsThisisespeciallytrueinthethirdworldcountriesPartIV   GuidedWriting(marks)Directions:WriteacompositionaboutyourimpressionofcollegeInyouropeningsentenceincludeoneortwowordstodescribeyourfeelingsaboutcollegelifeThengivesomeevidencetosupportyourimpressionYoushouldwriteatleastwordsYoucanbeginyourwritinginthisway:Collegelifeiswonderfulexcitingrewardingtiring,etc河北大学课程考核参考答案及评分标准(xxxxxxxx学年第x学期)考核科目大学英语一(新视野大学英语)课程类别必修考核方式闭卷卷别APartI ListeningComprehension(marks,markeach)SectionA:BAADB DBCBD SectionB:DBACC CCBCASectionCleavesthehotel    thebigcentralsquare theNationalGardenstheOlympicStadium  guard        anhourandahalf  theNationalMuseum  lunch  shopsandthings picksupPartII ReadingComprehension(marks,markseach)SectionA:CBCAD      :CABBDSectionBScience,math,engineeringandelectronicsTohelpcomputerlearnersbysharinghisknowledgewiththemIt’sdifficultandrequiresagreatbrainthinkinginnewwaysandrememberingalotofinformationThepeoplearoundyou(whoareenthusiasticaboutcomputers)PartIII VocabularyandStructure(marks)SectionA(marks,markeach):BABAD :CCABC :BADBA :DABCD :BDBAC :CADDASectionB(marks,markeach)woeful  maturity   complaint emphasis presentationfrustration requirements amazed  envious ignorancePartIV Writing(marks)评分标准: 分……作文与题目毫不相关或只有几个孤立的词而无法表达思想或白卷。分 ……条理不清思路紊乱语言支离破碎或在部分句子均有错误且多数为严重错误。 分……基本切题。表达思想不清楚连贯性差。有较多的严重语言错误。 分……基本切题。有些地方表达思想不够清楚文字勉强连贯语言错误相当多其中有一些是严重错误。 分……切题。表达思想清楚文字连贯但有少量语言错误。 分……切题。表达思想清楚文字通顺连贯性好。基本上无语言错误仅有个别小错误。大学英语一级PartII ReadingComprehensionSectionA SkimmingandScanningDirections:Inthispart,youwillhaveminutestogooverthepassagequicklyandanswerthequestionsontheAnswerSheetForquestions,markY(forYES)      ifthestatementagreeswiththeinformationgiveninthepassageN(forNO)     ifthestatementcontradictstheinformationgiveninthepassageNG(forNOTGIVEN) iftheinformationisnotgiveninthepassageForquestions,completethesentenceswiththeinformationgiveninthepassageEffectsofTelevisionTelevisionranksasamajorinfluenceonAmericanlifeItaffectsthewaypeoplespendtheirtimeandwhatandhowtheylearnTValsoaffectspolitics,theothermedia,andsportsSomeauthoritiesbelieveTVhasagreaterinfluenceonyoungpeoplethanonadultsEffectsonleisuretimeAtypicaladultspendsmoretimewatchingTVthandoinganythingelseexceptsleepingandworkingWatchingtelevisionranksasthemosttimeconsumingleisureactivityamongadultsIttakestimeawayfromotheractivities,suchasreading,conversation,socialgatherings,andexerciseEffectsonlearningTelevisioncontributesgreatlytowhathomeviewerslearnItbenefitspeoplebywideningtheirexperienceOntheotherhand,TValsomaycontributetoharmfulimpressionsoftheworldEnrichedexperienceNocommunicationsystemhaseverprovidedsomanypeoplewithaswidearangeofnewexperiencesastelevisionhasWithoutleavingtheirhomes,TVviewerscanwatchgovernmentofficialsperformimportantfunctions,andseehowpeopleinfarofflandslookandliveTelevisiontakesviewerstodeserts,jungles,andtheoceanfloorATVviewercanseehowafamousactorperformstheroleofHamlet,andhowtopcomediansdrawlaughterTelevisiongivesitsviewersaglimpseofreallifetragedy,aswhenitcoversthevictimsofwar,naturaldisasters,andpovertyItalsocapturesmomentsofgreattriumph,suchaswhenastronautsfirstsetfootonthemoonHowever,someauthoritiesquestionhowmuchspecificinformationviewersrememberfromwatchingtelevisionHarmfulimpressionsManysocialscientistsbelievethatpeoplearelikelytoformtwonegativeimpressionsfromwatchingalotoftelevisionOneoftheseimpressionsisthatmanypeoplearebetteroffthantheyareTheotheristhattheworldisanunfriendlyplace,filledwithuntrustworthypeopleandriskycircumstancesTelevisionprogramsoftenshowpeoplewholeadmoreglamorouslivesandhavemorematerialpossessionsthanmostviewersInaddition,TVcommercialsconstantlyurgeviewerstobuyvariousgoodsManysociologistsbelievethatasaresult,thematerialexpectationsofTVviewersareraised,sometimestoanunrealisticlevelOneharmfuleffectresultswhenpeoplefailtoachievethesuccesstheyseeonTVandbecomedissatisfiedorbitterTheviolence,crimefilledworldshownonTVmaycontributetoanimpressionofanevilworldStudiesindicatethatpeoplewhowatchagreatdealoftelevisionaremorelikelytoholdfearfulornegativeviewsoftheworldthanthosewhowatchlessTVHowever,someresearchersarguethatpeoplewhowatchalotoftelevisionalreadyholdsuchviews

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(1)大学英语一级试卷及答案

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