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首页 2013年同等学力英语阅读理解练习题精选

2013年同等学力英语阅读理解练习题精选.doc

2013年同等学力英语阅读理解练习题精选

Renata洁莹
2019-06-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2013年同等学力英语阅读理解练习题精选doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

PassageFiveTheimmunesystemisthebody’sdefenderItidentifies,tracksdown,anddestroystroublemakersbeforetheycanhurtthebodyThosetroublemakersmaybe,forexample,bacteriafromacutorsplinter,ameaslesgerm,acoldbug,orevenacancercellTheseinvaderstrytotakeoverourtissuesandfeedoffourbodies’nutrientsIftheysucceed,webecomesickor,sometimes,evendieIt’sthejobofourimmunesystemstodestroytheseinvadersbeforetheydestroyusSayyoupickedupafluviruslastweekPerhapsitenteredyourbodythroughacut,fromadrinkingglass,orfromtheairyoubreatheOfcourse,youdidn’tfeelit,butthevirusmadeitswayintoyourbloodstreamAssoonasitenteredyourbody,itbegantoreproduceViruseshaveonlyonegoal:totakeoveryourcellsOnceinsideyourbody,virusestrytoentercellsanddisrupttheirnormalworkIfleftalone,theseviruseswouldhurtsomanycellsthatyouwouldweaken,orworse,getaseriousdiseaseButthisfluvirusshouldnotbesocomplacentasitseemstobeAsitreproducesinyourbloodstream,thevirusismetbyacertainkindofwhitebloodcell,thelymphocytesThelymphocytesarethefootsoldiersthatkeepyoualiveThenumberoflymphocytesinyourbodyishardtoimagineThousandsofthemcouldfitintheperiodattheendofthissentenceYourbodyholdsaboutatrillionthat’s,,,,ofthem,orabout,ineverydropofbloodSinceyoubeganreadingthissentence,over,ofthemhavebeencreatedanddestroyedSomeoftheselymphocytespassthroughasmallwalnutsizedorgancalledthethymusThethymusisthebaseoftheneckHere,specialhormonesturnlymphocytesintofightingcells,calledTcellsTcellshaveoneterrifictalent:theycantellthedifferencebetweenfriendandfoewhatshouldbeinourbodiesandwhatshouldn’tTheydonotaffectthebody’shealthycellsYettheyattackeverythingthatisforeigntoourbodies,suchgerms,transplants,andevenourowncellswhichhavebecomeabnormal,asinthecaseofcancerWhatisthefunctionofourimmunesystemATotakeoverourtissuesandfeedoffourbodies’nutrientsBTopreventbacteriaorgermsfromenteringthebodyCTodestroythetroublemakersinorderthattheymightnothurtthebodyDTofightagainstTcellsWhatdoestheword“lymphocytes”inParameanAFootsoldiersBFluvirusCWhitebloodcellsDTroublemakersThelastsentenceinPara“Sinceyoubeganreadingthissentence,over,ofthemhavebeencreatedanddestroyed”impliesthatAthissentencecontributestotheincreaseofthenumberoflymphocytesinyourbodyByouwouldnotrealizethatlymphocytesreproducethemselvesrapidlybutforthissentenceCbecauseyoureadthissentence,alargenumberoflymphocyteshavebeenconsumedDthenumberoflymphocytesinyourbodyisextremelylargeWhichofthefollowingquestionscanNOTbedetectedbyTcellsAThymusBTransplantsCCancercellsDHealthycellsWhichofthefollowingquestionsbestsummariesthemainideaofthewholepassageAHowdoestheimmunesystemattackthefluvirusBHowdoestheimmunesystemfunctioninourbodyCHowdothelymphocytesworkinourbodyDWhatisthesocalledimmunesystemPassageSixVeryoldpeopledoraisemoralproblemsforalmosteveryonewhocomesintocontactwiththemTheirvaluesthiscan'tberepeatedtoooftenarenotnecessarilyourvaluesPhysicalcomfort,cleannessandorderarenotnecessarilythemostimportantthingsThesocialservicesfromtimetotimefindthemselvesfacedwithaflatwithdecaying(腐烂)foodcoveredbysmallworms,andanoldpersonlyingaloneonbed,takingnonoticeofthewormsButisitinterferingwithpersonalfreedomtoinsistthattheygotolivewithsomeoftheirrelativessothattheymightbetakenbettercareofSomesocialworkers,theoneswhoclearuptheworms,thinkweareindangerofcarryingthisconceptofpersonalfreedomtothepointwhereseriousrisksarebeingtakenwiththehealthandsafetyoftheoldIndeed,theoldcanbeeasilyhurtorharmedThebodyislikeacar:itneedsmoremechanicalmaintenanceasitgetsolderYoucancarrythiscomparisonrightthroughtotheprovisionofsparepartsButneverforgetthatsuchoperationsarepainfulexperiences,howevergoodtheresultsAndatwhatpointshouldyouceasetotreattheoldbodyIsitmorallyrighttotrytopushoffdeathbycontinuingthedevelopmentofdrugstoexcitetheforgetfuloldmindandtomaketheoldbodyactive,knowingthatitisdesignedtodieYoucannotaskdoctorsorscientiststodecide,becausesolongastheycanseethetechnicalopportunities,theywillfeelboundtogivethematry,ontheprinciplethatwhilethereislife,thereishopeWhenyoutalktotheoldpeople,however,youareforcedtotheconclusionthatwhetherageishappyorunpleasantdependslessonmoneyoronhealththanitdoesonyourabilitytohavefunItisimpliedinParathatAveryoldpeopleenjoylivingwiththeirrelativesBsocialserviceshavenothingtodowithveryoldpeopleCveryoldpeoplewouldliketolivealonesothattheycanhavemorepersonalfreedomDveryoldpeopleareabletokeeptheirroomsverycleanSomesocialworkersthinkthatAhealthandsafetyaremoreimportantthanpersonalfreedomBpersonalfreedomismoreimportantthanhealthandsafetyColdpeopleshouldkeeptheirroomscleanDoneshouldnottakerisksdealingwitholdpeopleIntheauthor'sopinion,Athehumanbodycan'tbecomparedtoacarBtheolderaperson,themorecareheneedsCtoomuchemphasishasbeenputonoldpeople’svaluesDitiseasytoprovidesparepartsforoldpeopleTheword“it”inthelastparagraphreferstoAtheconclusionyouhavecometoBwhetherageishappyorunpleasantCyourtalktotheoldpeopleDone’smoneyorone’shealthTheauthorthinksthatAmedicaldecisionsforoldpeopleshouldbelefttothedoctorsBoldpeoplecanenjoyahappylifeonlyiftheyareveryrichCtheopinionthatweshouldtryeverymeanspossibletosaveoldpeopleisdoubtfulDitisalwaysmorallyrighttotreatoldpeopleandpushoffdeath答案解析PassageFive短文大意本文是一篇介绍医疗知识的说明文,重点介绍人体免疫系统是怎样发挥作用的。文章第一段介绍了什么是免疫系统第二段至第五段通过举例详细解释了免疫系统是如何发挥作用的。题目解释C细节题。可套用公式正确答案题干关键词≈原文中含有题干关键词的一句话题干关键词。根据题干关键词“thefunctionofourimmunesystem”回查它在原文中的位置:第一段第二句“Itidentifies,tracksdown,anddestroystroublemakersbeforetheycanhurtthebody”,据此来判断哪个答案选项与它表达最为近似即可。因此,正确答案是C选项。C词义猜测题。可套用公式正确答案≈上下文中对该词的解释。根据第四段第二句中的“thevirusismetbyacertainkindofwhitebloodcell,thelymphocytes”的表述可知thelymphocytes(淋巴细胞)是acertainkindofwhitebloodcell(白血细胞的一种类型)的同位语,也就是用相关的科学术语重述解释相应的现象或事物,二者的含义相同。故正确答案是C选项。D例证释义题。回查作者在原文第五段中举的一个非常形象的例子,来说明该段的主题句“Thenumberoflymphocytesinyourbodyishardtoimagine”。这句话只是用具体的数字说明了白血球的数量大得惊人,和“readingthissentence”本身无关,所以正确答案是D选项。A推断题。根据题干关键词Tcells可以迅速找到其在原文中的出处,即全文最后一段。特别是根据该段段首句“Tcellshaveoneterrifictalent:theycantellthedifferencebetweenfriendandfoe”可知Tcells可以区别敌人和朋友。而且该段下文中指明了朋友是Healthycells,敌人是transplants和ourowncellswhichhavebecomeabnormal,asinthecaseofcancer。因此,B、C、D三个选项都是Tcells可以察觉到的只有A选项既不是敌人也不是朋友,而是颈部的一个器官。B主旨题。可套用公式主旨≠文章某一部分的内容,利用排除法做题。A选项只是涵盖了第二段的内容,只是作者为了解释免疫系统的作用所举的一个例子,不是文章的主旨C选项也只是文章第四、第五段所讨论的内容,讲的仅是免疫系统中一种细胞的作用D选项只涉及了文章第一段的内容,也只是解释了什么是免疫系统而已。以上三个选项都不够全面,所以都应予以排除。只有B选项最为全面和准确地概括了全文的主旨:人体免疫系统是怎样发挥作用的。PassageSix在对待老人的问题上存在着道德上的两难:要尊重他们选择独自生活的自由就要冒着不顾他们身体健康和生命安全的危险要维持他们注定要死去的生命就不得不让他们忍受肉体的痛苦。老年人的快乐与否主要靠的是获得快乐的能力,金钱或健康对此帮助并不大。C文章第一段中说,老人的价值观与我们的价值观是不一样的。身体的舒服、整洁对他们来说并不重要。由此我们可以推断,如果老人与年轻人生活在一起,他们会感受到许多不便,因为年轻人与他们不同,年轻人喜欢舒服和整洁。因此老人,特别是年龄非常大的人喜欢独自生活,因为这样他们能有更多的个人自由。A文中第一段最后一句说:“一些清理蠕虫的社会工作者认为,在这一点上使用个人自由这个概念是危险的,因为这意味着我们要冒着置老人的身体健康和生命安全于不顾的危险。”由此我们可以推断:这些社会工作者认为身体健康和生命安全比个人自由更重要。所以选项A正确。A文中第二段第四句说:“但是永远不要忘了这样的手术都是令人非常痛苦的经历,无论最后取得了多么好的疗效。”由此可以看出,作者虽然在第二段第二句中把身体比喻成一辆汽车,当它变老时需要机械维护。但汽车是无生命的,而人的身体是有强烈感受的,所以不能像替换汽车零件那样替换人的身体组织,在这点上人体与汽车有着严格的不同。由此我们可以看出,人体不能与汽车相比才是作者的真实观点。B文中最后一段说:“然而,当你与老人交谈时,你就不得不得出这样一个结论:晚年的快乐与否更多地依赖你获得快乐的能力,而靠钱和健康获得的快乐并不多。”在这里“it”一词应指代“whetherageishappyorunpleasant",因为这里由“that”一词引导的同位语从句是两个比较句,这两个比较句的句子结构应是相同的,主语都应是“whether”一词引导的主语从句。C这是一道推断题。此文主要说明我们在对待老人的问题上存在着两难:尊重他们的自由就顾及不了他们的健康极力挽救他们的生命就要让他们忍受巨大的肉体痛苦。两难的根本原因就是文中第一段所交代的:老人的价值观与我们的价值观不同。所以作者对我们应该用所有可能的方法去挽救老年人的生命这一观点是持怀疑态度的。

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