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首页 老人腿肿怎麼回事

老人腿肿怎麼回事.doc

老人腿肿怎麼回事

我伤的很彻底
2017-12-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《老人腿肿怎麼回事doc》,可适用于综合领域

老人腿肿怎麼回事老人腿肿怎麼回事,浏览次数:次悬赏分:解决时间:提问者:愛回|:|來過九十几岁的老太太腿肿头昏一般来说是什么原因造成的,能不能用中医的治疗方式解释一下谢谢各位帮忙。悬赏分我会追加。最佳答案可以造成腿部肿涨的原因太多了建议最好到医院检查后对症治疗:、心力衰竭及腿部静脉炎是造成腿部慢性(长期)肿胀的两大主因。据临床实践表明静脉炎只会造成患者的腿肿胀而造成充血的心力衰竭则会使得两条腿胀起来静脉炎会引起疼痛心力衰竭引起的肿胀则不会痛造成腿部肿胀都肿的各种疾病都有各自不同的发病机制及特征。、心脏病、高血压、病毒感染或是心瓣膜病变等等疾病使心肌变得衰弱无力这时心脏无法将血液顺利送入肺部血液便开始倒流入静脉当中然后就会汇流入位于心脏下面的器官肝脏使得肝脏充血而肿胀起来。如果情形未见改善最后血液甚至会回流腿部的静脉里而形成腿部肿胀。、患有严重肾脏疾病的人全身各处都会出现肿胀的现象腿部、脸部或是手指无一幸免之所以会发生全身性的肿胀是因为蛋白质从尿液流失太多所致。、后期阶段较严重的肝病会因两种机制而引起腿部肿胀。一种是因为肝细胞受到破坏无法制造足够的蛋白质所造成的结果就像肾脏病变致使蛋白质流失所引起的状况一样为了平衡血管内和血管外围组织的蛋白质含量血液里的液体会流入组织内而造成组织肿胀。另一种就是肝脏有瘢痕(结疤)使得从腿部流往心脏的血液无法通过肝脏造成血液回流的现象。另外腹腔里肿大的腺体或是肿瘤也可能会压迫到静脉因而造成腿部的肿胀。、饥饿造成腹部肿胀及腿部现象是因为饮食中缺乏蛋白质造成血液里的液体从血管中渗出、进入身体的组织中当腹部肿胀时就是腹腔里容纳有这类的液体这和肾脏、肝脏发生病变时的情况相同。、严重的甲状腺机能不足也会引起全身性的身体浮肿当然也包括了腿部。形成此种症状的原因和前述肾脏及肝脏发生病变时的情形一样都是为了平衡蛋白质在血管及组织内的含量使得液体自血管中流出进入组织内而引起肿胀。、药物引起腿部肿胀:甲睾酮(Testosterone最常用作治疗阳痿的药物)长期使用类固醇(治疗关节炎、气喘、癌症等)雌激素口服避孕药某些抗抑郁剂(硫酸苯乙Nardil)降血压药剂甲基多巴(AIdomet)以及最近新发明的用以治疗心脏血管病变的钙离子封阻剂等等。methodofbasicoperationincludingCT,andMRIvariouscontrast,andImageguidedbiopsy,ultrasound,etc()teaching,scientificresearchandtraininginclinicalteaching,writtenwithinthreeyearswithsomelevelofrevieworbookreportsofnotlessthanFour,toreadreferencebooks,Journalofinternalmedicine(medicalcollegeplanningmaterials)andofthemedicalimaging(medicalcollegeplanningmaterials)thepracticalsciencetheHarrisonScience(inEnglish),ChineseJournalofinternalmedicineseriesSurgicalsurgicalspecialistreferstotherulescompletethemedicalundergraduateorgraduateeducationFoundation,acceptedandadoptedsurgicalspecialisttraining,surgicaldiagnosis,treatment,preventionandfollowupofcommondiseases,surgicaldiagnosisandtreatmentofrareorincurablediseases,acuteandcriticalillnessinemergencyandrescuehavepreliminaryknowledgeandexperienceSurgicalspecialisttrainingforyearsAsurgicalspecialist,traininggoalsthroughtraining,traineestoachievesurgicalspecialistlevel,withmoreskilledsurgicalskills,canguidetheteachingof、心包膜受到病毒或其他感染或是施以心脏手术之后而发生病变变得又厚又硬就像是为心脏穿上套胄甲一样这种情形会阻碍心肌的正常收缩与放松。结果造成血液无法充分流回右心室而溯流进入静脉造成颈部静脉及腹部的肿大、最后则是造成腿部的肿胀。、如果脸部和腿部同时都有肿胀的现象那可能是由于:甲状腺功能不足、某些导致全身性不适的过敏反应、心包病变而压迫到心脏、吃了经旋毛虫感染却又因烹煮不当的肉而引起的旋毛虫感染(旋毛虫病)或是肾脏方面的疾病。、如果肿胀的腿部有棕色的色素沉淀现象尤其是沉淀的位置是在脚踝周围时则这种肿胀情形通常是慢性静脉曲张所造成的某种长期性疾病所引起的。棕色的色素沉淀是因为血液经过血管壁进入附近的组织里所形成的。回答者:热心网友回答时间:我来评|:|其他回答共条给浮肿开处方对于生理性浮肿可以采取以下措施来进行防治。(保持乐观情绪长期坚持适当锻炼如散步、慢跑、健身器械锻炼等以增强体质提高适应能力。(选择食物应以含有丰富的蛋白质、维生素及无机盐低脂肪、低胆固醇少糖、少盐为原则芹菜、萝卜、菠菜、西红柿、大豆、蘑菇、大蒜、水果以及豆制品等食物可多吃一些。(避免久坐久站经常活动下肢并注意经常上抬两下肢。(保证良好的睡眠起居有规律。这是种供老年浮肿患者选用的食疗方你不妨也试一下也许有效~祝你早日康复~、赤小豆、花生、大枣各克放少许冰糖一起煮汤食用。、绿豆、薏米仁各克同煮汤食用。、鲤鱼条重约克赤小豆克一起煮汤服用。、母鸡半只或童子鸡只与黄芪克一起蒸熟喝汤吃鸡肉。、青头雄鸭只与冬瓜克一起煮汤食用。、猪腰只杜仲克核桃仁克一起煮汤食用。、鲤鱼条重克冬瓜克加水清炖吃鱼食瓜喝汤。、冬瓜克赤小豆克加水适量加盐少许吃瓜喝汤。、玉米须、冬瓜皮、赤小豆各适量煎汤代茶饮连服至浮肿消失。回答者:刘晓东|十八级|:引起老年人双下肢浮肿的常见疾病有心脏病、肝脏病、肾脏病和营养不良等。methodofbasicoperationincludingCT,andMRIvariouscontrast,andImageguidedbiopsy,ultrasound,etc()teaching,scientificresearchandtraininginclinicalteaching,writtenwithinthreeyearswithsomelevelofrevieworbookreportsofnotlessthanFour,toreadreferencebooks,Journalofinternalmedicine(medicalcollegeplanningmaterials)andofthemedicalimaging(medicalcollegeplanningmaterials)thepracticalsciencetheHarrisonScience(inEnglish),ChineseJournalofinternalmedicineseriesSurgicalsurgicalspecialistreferstotherulescompletethemedicalundergraduateorgraduateeducationFoundation,acceptedandadoptedsurgicalspecialisttraining,surgicaldiagnosis,treatment,preventionandfollowupofcommondiseases,surgicaldiagnosisandtreatmentofrareorincurablediseases,acuteandcriticalillnessinemergencyandrescuehavepreliminaryknowledgeandexperienceSurgicalspecialisttrainingforyearsAsurgicalspecialist,traininggoalsthroughtraining,traineestoachievesurgicalspecialistlevel,withmoreskilledsurgicalskills,canguidetheteachingof化,呼吸系统疾病等,下肢浮肿的原因很多,可见于心源性疾病,肾脏疾病引起的水肿,淋巴回流受阻,低蛋白血症,肝硬化,呼吸系统疾病等,老年人小腿浮肿应该如何诊断,冠心病、高血压及肺源性心脏病引起的心力衰竭出现浮肿多先起于双侧踝部下午较明显患有肝硬化多有肝病或长期嗜酒史也是先起于双下肢随后出现腹水且可逐渐发展成为全身浮肿患有慢性肾炎、肾盂肾炎、糖尿病性肾病等也可出现双下肢浮肿但早期多先出现双侧眼睑或面部浮肿常以晨间起床时最明显而后逐渐发展到全身浮肿。另有一些老年人由于患某种慢性疾病(结核、肿瘤、肠炎等)或摄入营养物质过少可引起重度营养不良而形成低蛋白血症亦可出现双下肢乃至全身浮肿。老人某脏器的衰退引起功能障碍如心排出量减少、肾血流量下降、皮下组织松弛、皮肤蒸发水分减少、细胞缩小、细胞内液外溢等也可引起浮肿。老年人小腿浮肿容易与哪些症状混淆,methodofbasicoperationincludingCT,andMRIvariouscontrast,andImageguidedbiopsy,ultrasound,etc()teaching,scientificresearchandtraininginclinicalteaching,writtenwithinthreeyearswithsomelevelofrevieworbookreportsofnotlessthanFour,toreadreferencebooks,Journalofinternalmedicine(medicalcollegeplanningmaterials)andofthemedicalimaging(medicalcollegeplanningmaterials)thepracticalsciencetheHarrisonScience(inEnglish),ChineseJournalofinternalmedicineseriesSurgicalsurgicalspecialistreferstotherulescompletethemedicalundergraduateorgraduateeducationFoundation,acceptedandadoptedsurgicalspecialisttraining,surgicaldiagnosis,treatment,preventionandfollowupofcommondiseases,surgicaldiagnosisandtreatmentofrareorincurablediseases,acuteandcriticalillnessinemergencyandrescuehavepreliminaryknowledgeandexperienceSurgicalspecialisttrainingforyearsAsurgicalspecialist,traininggoalsthroughtraining,traineestoachievesurgicalspecialistlevel,withmoreskilledsurgicalskills,canguidetheteachingof老年人小腿浮肿的鉴别诊断:、下肢水肿:分为生理性浮肿和病理性浮肿。下肢浮肿临床常见主要见于以下几种疾病性浮肿。心性浮肿患有各种心脏病病人当心功能不全时体循环障碍使下肢静脉回心血量减少引起浮肿肝性浮肿各种肝炎发生肝硬变后由于肝脏合成白蛋白减少造成低蛋白血症血浆渗透压降低可引起厂肢浮肿肾性浮肿急慢性肾炎或肾病综合征病人肾小球滤过功能降低造成体内水钠游留此外再加上大量的蛋白尿出产生低蛋白血症从而引起浮肿甲状腺机能低下性浮肿甲状腺功能低下时病人真皮层粘多糖沉积细胞间积聚多量透明质园、硫酸软骨素和水分可引起下肢浮肿下肢深静脉病变性浮肿下肢深静脉炎或下肢静脉瓣膜功能不全时由于静脉回流受阻病人可出现下肢浮肿。、下肢弥漫性水肿:下肢弥漫性水肿是指水肿首先从下肢开始呈弥漫性。、腿脚浮肿:体内增加太多水分排不出去时就是浮肿。体重增加的同时会出现眼皮浮肿、脚踝或小腿浮肿。冠心病、高血压及肺源性心脏病引起的心力衰竭出现浮肿多先起于双侧踝部下午较明显患有肝硬化多有肝病或长期嗜酒史也是先起于双下肢随后出现腹水且可逐渐发展成为全身浮肿患有慢性肾炎、肾盂肾炎、糖尿病性肾病等也可出现双下肢浮肿但早期多先出现双侧眼睑或面部浮肿常以晨间起床时最明显而后逐渐发展到全身浮肿。另有一些老年人由于患某种慢性疾病(结核、肿瘤、肠炎等)或摄入营养物质过少可引起重度营养不良而形成低蛋白血症亦可出现双下肢乃至全身浮肿。老人某脏器的衰退引起功能障碍如心排出量减少、肾血流量下降、皮下组织松弛、皮肤蒸发水分减少、细胞缩小、细胞内液外溢等也可引起浮肿。methodofbasicoperationincludingCT,andMRIvariouscontrast,andImageguidedbiopsy,ultrasound,etc()teaching,scientificresearchandtraininginclinicalteaching,writtenwithinthreeyearswithsomelevelofrevieworbookreportsofnotlessthanFour,toreadreferencebooks,Journalofinternalmedicine(medicalcollegeplanningmaterials)andofthemedicalimaging(medicalcollegeplanningmaterials)thepracticalsciencetheHarrisonScience(inEnglish),ChineseJournalofinternalmedicineseriesSurgicalsurgicalspecialistreferstotherulescompletethemedicalundergraduateorgraduateeducationFoundation,acceptedandadoptedsurgicalspecialisttraining,surgicaldiagnosis,treatment,preventionandfollowupofcommondiseases,surgicaldiagnosisandtreatmentofrareorincurablediseases,acuteandcriticalillnessinemergencyandrescuehavepreliminaryknowledgeandexperienceSurgicalspecialisttrainingforyearsAsurgicalspecialist,traininggoalsthroughtraining,traineestoachievesurgicalspecialistlevel,withmoreskilledsurgicalskills,canguidetheteachingof老年人小腿浮肿相关疾病,猝死型冠心病冠心病,老年人原发性恶性高血压引起的恶性小动脉肾硬化,老年人肝硬化肝硬化,老年人原发性高血压引起的良性小动脉肾硬化,老年人高血压老年人高血压危象,慢性肾炎老年人小腿浮肿应该如何预防,建议往医院检查找出病因积极治疗切不可乱服药小腿浮肿在老年人比较常见而有时检查不出什么具体病因此时若给予利尿药情况也未必能好转还可能招惹其他问题。老年人由于高龄通常是坐多而活动少小腿浮肿多半是生理性夜间休息后能好转适当增加活动可能有益。老年人小腿浮肿下肢浮肿是老年人比较常见的症状。这种浮肿的出现往往提示已患有某种疾病因此应该及时去部位:下肢就诊科室:内分泌科老年人小腿浮肿相关疾病:猝死型冠心病冠心病老年人原发性恶性高血压引起的恶性小动脉肾硬化老年人肝硬化肝硬化老年人原发性高血压引起的良性小动脉肾methodofbasicoperationincludingCT,andMRIvariouscontrast,andImageguidedbiopsy,ultrasound,etc()teaching,scientificresearchandtraininginclinicalteaching,writtenwithinthreeyearswithsomelevelofrevieworbookreportsofnotlessthanFour,toreadreferencebooks,Journalofinternalmedicine(medicalcollegeplanningmaterials)andofthemedicalimaging(medicalcollegeplanningmaterials)thepracticalsciencetheHarrisonScience(inEnglish),ChineseJournalofinternalmedicineseriesSurgicalsurgicalspecialistreferstotherulescompletethemedicalundergraduateorgraduateeducationFoundation,acceptedandadoptedsurgicalspecialisttraining,surgicaldiagnosis,treatment,preventionandfollowupofcommondiseases,surgicaldiagnosisandtreatmentofrareorincurablediseases,acuteandcriticalillnessinemergencyandrescuehavepreliminaryknowledgeandexperienceSurgicalspecialisttrainingforyearsAsurgicalspecialist,traininggoalsthroughtraining,traineestoachievesurgicalspecialistlevel,withmoreskilledsurgicalskills,canguidetheteachingof硬化下肢水肿以足踝部最为多见。如果是临睡前用手按小腿有指痕下陷第二天则消失的水肿多因年老气虚所致。调理时注意健脾益肾多吃含蛋白类的食品比如牛奶、鸡蛋、豆制品、芝麻、瘦肉等预防低蛋白血症防止腰酸、腹泻等脾肾两虚现象的发生。另一种常见的下肢水肿是淤血阻滞引起的表现为下肢皮肤粗糙、隐痛、发冷等气血不通现象严重者可出现一侧下肢静脉闭塞。但对老年人来说经常出现下肢肿胀现象还应注意区别肾、心、肝等主要脏器的病因及时化验肝、肾功能及尿常规不要耽误其他病的诊治。老年人常见的下肢水肿除病因外生活的调理应注意以下方面:睡觉时下肢适当抬高坐椅不可太高减少下肢下垂的时间。衣裤不能太紧注意保护好腰及下肢的血液循环。适当的活动促进血液循环。因为活动过多下肢疲乏会加重水肿不活动则血气不通更容易水肿。吃盐不可太多。太咸的食品、肥甘厚腻的食品都不利于消化。注意保护肾脏除经常检查肾功能外一般药物不应使用以减少肾脏负担。多吃些有利消肿的食品如赤小豆、冬瓜、西瓜、葫芦等不要轻易使用药物。老人水肿一般是肺心病,肾病建议做个心肺,超,肾功能检查,明确病因,对症治疗methodofbasicoperationincludingCT,andMRIvariouscontrast,andImageguidedbiopsy,ultrasound,etc()teaching,scientificresearchandtraininginclinicalteaching,writtenwithinthreeyearswithsomelevelofrevieworbookreportsofnotlessthanFour,toreadreferencebooks,Journalofinternalmedicine(medicalcollegeplanningmaterials)andofthemedicalimaging(medicalcollegeplanningmaterials)thepracticalsciencetheHarrisonScience(inEnglish),ChineseJournalofinternalmedicineseriesSurgicalsurgicalspecialistreferstotherulescompletethemedicalundergraduateorgraduateeducationFoundation,acceptedandadoptedsurgicalspecialisttraining,surgicaldiagnosis,treatment,preventionandfollowupofcommondiseases,surgicaldiagnosisandtreatmentofrareorincurablediseases,acuteandcriticalillnessinemergencyandrescuehavepreliminaryknowledgeandexperienceSurgicalspecialisttrainingforyearsAsurgicalspecialist,traininggoalsthroughtraining,traineestoachievesurgicalspecialistlevel,withmoreskilledsurgicalskills,canguidetheteachingof

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