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首页 高中情态动词练习题及答案.doc

高中情态动词练习题及答案.doc

高中情态动词练习题及答案.doc

敢爱_敢恨敢放弃 2018-01-11 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《高中情态动词练习题及答案doc》,可适用于小学教育领域,主题内容包含高中情态动词练习题及答案精品文档高中情态动词练习题及答案ItisusuallywarminmyhometowninMarch,butitberath符等。

高中情态动词练习题及答案精品文档高中情态动词练习题及答案ItisusuallywarminmyhometowninMarch,butitberathercoldsometimesAmustBcanCshouldDwouldYoubehungryalreadyyouhadlunchonlytwohoursago!Awouldn’tBcan’tCmustn’tDneedn’tWhatdoyouthinkwecandoforouragedparentsYoudoanythingexcepttobewiththemandbeyourselfAdon’thavetoBoughtn’ttoCmustn’tDcan’tJohnpromisedhisdoctorhenotsmokeAndhehasneversmokedeversinceAmightBshouldCcouldDwouldWhatapity!Consideringhisabilityandexperience,hebetterAneedhavedoneBmusthavedoneCcanhavedoneDmighthavedoneLizawellnotwanttogoonthetripshehatestraveling精品文档AwillBcanCmustDmayShehaveleftschool,forherbikeisstillhereAcan’tBwouldn’tCshouldn’tDneedn’tAccordingtotheairtrafficrules,youswitchoffyourmobilephonebeforeboardingAmayBcanCwouldDshouldIcan’tfindmypurseanywhereYouhavelostitwhileshoppingAmayBcanCshouldDwouldI’msorryIatyoutheotherdayForgetitIwasabitoutofcontrolmyselfAshouldn’tshoutBshouldn’thaveshoutedCmustn’tshoutDmustn’thaveshoutedWhatsortofhousedoyouwanttohaveSomethingbigWell,itbebigthat’snotimportantAmustn’tBneedn’tCcan’tDwon’tWhatdoesthesignoverthereread精品文档“Nopersonsmokeorcarryalightedcigarette,cigarorpipeinthisarea”AwillBmayCshallDmustSomeaspectsofapilot’sjobbebringandpilotsoftenworkatinconvenientAcanhavetoBmaycanChavetomayDoughttomustMyMPplayerisn’tinmybagWhereIhaveputitAcanBmustCshouldDwouldTheweatherturnedouttobefineyesterday,IthetroubletocarrymyumbrellawithmeAshouldhavetakenBcouldhavetakenCneedn’thavetakenDmustn’thavetakenANSWERS:BBADDDADABBCAACIncrowdedplaceslikeairportsandrailwaystations,youtakecareofyourluggageAcanBmayCmustDwillShelooksveryhappyShehavepassedtheexamIguesssoIt’snotdifficultafterallAshouldBcouldCmustDmight精品文档Itoldyourfriendhowtogettothehotel,butperhapsIhavedrivenherthereAcouldBmustCmightDshouldMrGordonaskedmetoremindyouofthemeetingthisafternoonDon’tforgetit!OK,IAwon’tBdon’tCcan’tDneedn’tHowisyourtouraroundtheNorthLakeIsitbeautifulItbe,butitisnowheavilypollutedAwillBwouldCshouldDmustThebiggestproblemformostplants,whichjustgetupandrunawaywhenthreatened,isthatanimalsliketoeatthemAshan’tBcan’tCneedn’tDmustn’tWhereismydictionaryIrememberIputithereyesterdayYouitinthewrongplaceAmustputBshouldhaveputCmightputDmighthaveputWhat’sthenameKhulaifiIspellthatforyou精品文档AShallBWouldCCanDMightWhoisthegirlstandingoverthereWell,ifyouknow,hernameisMabelAmayBcanCmustDshallIwasreallyanxiousaboutyouYouhomewithoutawordAmustn’thaveleftBshouldn’thaveleftCcouldn’thaveleftDneedn’thaveleftMysistermethimattheGrandTheatreyesterdayafternoon,sohehaveattendedyourlectureAcouldn’tBneedn’tCmustn’tDshouldn’tAreyoucomingtoJeff’spartyI’mnotsurIgototheconcertinsteadAmustBwouldCshouldDmightJohnny,youplaywiththeknifeYouhurtyourselfAwon’tcan’tBmustn’tmayCshouldn’tmustDcan’tshouldn’tYoupaytoomuchattentiontoyour精品文档readingskill,asitissoimportantAshouldn’tBcannotCmustn’tDneedn’tIsJohncomingbytrainHeshould,buthenotHelikesdrivinghiscarAmustBmayCcanDneedANSWERS:CCDACBDACBADBBBWillyoustayforlunchSorry,IMybrotheriscomingtoseemeAmustn’tBcan’tCneedn’tDwon’tSir,youbesittinginthiswaitingroomItisforwomenandchildrenonlyAoughtn’ttoBcan’tCwon’tDneedn’tItisrainingveryhardWestayhereuntiltherainstopsAdareBmustChavetoDareabletoIt’safinedayLet’sgofishing,Awon’tweBwillyouCdon’tyouDshallweWhenhewasthere,hegotothatcoffee精品文档shopatthecornerafterworkeverydayAwouldBshouldCmightDhadbetterMybrothercometoyourpartytonightbecausehepreparefortomorrow’sexamAcan’tshouldBmustn’tcanCcan’tmustDmustn’thadtoEnglishisalanguagethatmanypeoplearoundtheworldnotspeakperfectlybutatleastunderstandAwouldmightBwillmustCmightcouldDcanmayIbookatablefordinnerafewdaysaheadoftimeYes,youTherestaurantisalwaysfull,especiallyduringtheholidaysAMustwillBMustcanCShallshallDShallmustItbeMaryintheofficeI’msureitbeherIsawheroffatthebusstationjusttenminutesagoAmustshouldn’tBshouldcan’tCmustcan’tDcanmustn’t精品文档TheiranswersareexactlythesameoneofthemfromtheotherAmustcopyBmusthavecopiedCshouldcopyDshouldhavecopiedItellJohnaboutitNo,youneedn’tIhavetoldhimalreadyAShallBWillCCanDMayyoupleasehelpmewithmyEnglishAWouldBDoCShallDCanMustIstartatonceNo,youAneedn’tBmustn’tCcan’tDwon’tNeedIhandinmyexercisebookatonceYes,youAmustBneedCcanDwillCouldIborrowyourdictionaryYes,ofcourseyouAmightBwillCcanDshouldANSWERS:BACDACCDCBAAAACListen!SomeoneisknockingatthedoorIbeFatherItbehimheissupposedtobeback精品文档hometomorrowAmaymayBmustcan’tCcancan’tDcouldmustTwentyminuteshavepassedthebuscomeatanymomentAshallBshouldCcanDmustShehaveflowntoBeijinglastnight,forIstayedwithherallthetimeAmustn’tBmaynotCshouldn’tDcan’tYoutheworkbetter,butyoudidn’ttryyourbestAmusthavedoneBwillhavedoneCcouldhavedoneDcanhavedoneThelightisonWehaveforgottentoturnitoffbeforewewentoutAshouldBmustCcouldDmight(MayIstopmycarhereNo,you,,,Acan'tBmustn'tCneedn'tDdon'thavetoMustwecleanthehousenowNo,youAneedn'tBmaynotCmustn'tDcan'tJohnhisfatherabouthisfailureintheexam精品文档AdaresnottellBdaresnottellingCdarenottellDdaresnottotellYoureturnthebooknowYoucankeepitnextweekifyoulikeAcan'tBmustn'tCneedn'tDmaynotJohnny,youplaywiththeknife,youhurtyourselfAwon'tcan'tBmustn'tmayCshouldn't,mu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ide让那男孩在外面等吗,Whatshallwedothisevening我们今晚做什么,)表说话人的意愿有“命令、允诺、警告、决心”等意思用于第二、第三人称陈述句。YoushalldoasIsay按我说的做。Youshallhavemyanswertomorrow你明天可以得到我的答复。Heshallbesorryforitoneday,Itellyou有一天他会后悔的我告诉你。Nothingshallstopusfromcarryingouttheplan什么也不能阻止我们执行这项计划will精品文档)表意愿用于各种人称陈述句。Iwilldoanythingforyou我愿为你做任何事。Noneissoblindasthosewhowon′tsee不愿看的人眼最瞎。Ifyouwillreadthebook,I′lllendittoyou如果你愿意读这本书我会把它借给你。)表请求用于疑问句。WillyouclosethewindowIt′sabitcold请你把窗户关上好吗,有点冷。Won′tyoudrinksomemorecoffee再来一点咖啡好吗,)表示某种倾向或习惯性动作。Fishwilldieoutofwater鱼离开水就不能活。Thedoorwon′topen这门打不开。Theboywillsittherehourafterhourlookingatthetrafficgoby那男孩常常坐在那里好几个钟点看着车辆行人通过。should)表义务。意为“应该”用于各种人称。Youshouldbepolitetoyourteachers你对老师应该有礼貌。Youshouldn′twasteanytime你不应该浪费时间。精品文档)表推测意为“想必一定、照说应该、估计”等。Thefilmshouldbeverygoodasitisstarringfirstclassactors这部新电影是一流演员主演的估计拍得很好。Theyshouldbehomebynow照说他们现在应当已经到家了。would)表意愿。Theywouldnotlethiminbecausehewaspoorlydressed他们不让他进去因为他衣着旧。IsaidIwoulddoanythingforyou我说过我愿意为你做任何事。)表委婉地提出请求、建议或看法。Wouldyoulikeanotherglassofbeer再来杯啤酒好吗,Wouldyoumindcleaningthewindow请把窗户擦一下好吗,Theywouldn′thaveanythingagainstit他们不会有什么反对意见。)表过去反复发生的动作或过去的一种倾向。Everytimeshewasintrouble,shewouldgotohimforhelp她每遇到麻烦都会向她求助。他告诉我盒子打不开了。精品文档oughtto)表义务意为“应该”口气比should稍重。YouarehisfatherYououghttotakecareofhim你是他父亲应当管他。Yououghtn′ttosmokesomuch你不应该抽这么多烟。)表推测暗含很大的可能语气较弱。HanMeioughttoknowhistelephonenumber韩梅该知道他的电话号码。There′safinesunsetitoughttobeafinedaytomorrow今天有晚霞明天应该是个好天。usedto表示过去的习惯动作或状态现在不复发生或存在。疑问式和否定式有两种。Heusedtoliveinthecountryside,butnowhelivesinthecity他过去住在乡下现在住在城里。Thereusedtobeabuildingatthestreetcorner,butithasbeenpulleddown街道拐角处过去有座楼房现在拆了。Iusedn′ttosmoke我过去不抽烟。Usedyoutogotoschoolonfoot你过去常步行去学校吗,精品文档其他用法首先它是动词而且不同于行为动词行为动词表示的是可以通过行为来表达的动作而情态动词只是表达的一种想法。用法是:情态动词行为动词原形例句:IcanreadthissentenceinEnglish我能用英语读这句话。情态动词是一种本身有一定的词义,表示说话人的情绪,态度或语气的动词,但不能单独作谓语,只能和其他动词原形构成谓语。Wecanbethereontimetomorrow我们明天能按时去那儿。MayIhaveyourname我能知道你的名字吗,Shallwebeginnow我们现在就开始吗,Youmustobeytheschoolrules你必须遵守校规。情态动词数量不多,但用途广泛,主要有下列:can,may,must,need,oughtto,dare,shall,will,have,hadbetter情态动词还有一个很重要的用法即情态动词表推测情态动词表推测的用法小结情态动词表推测的三种句式精品文档在肯定句中一般用mustmaymightcould。Hemustmaymightknowtheanswertothisquestion他一定可能也许知道这个问题的答案。ItiscoldintheroomTheymusthaveturnedofftheheating屋里很冷他们肯定把暖气关了。否定句中用can’tcouldn’t,maynotmightnot。Itcan’tcouldn’tbetheheadmasterHehasgonetoAmerica这不可能是校长他去美国了。Hemaynotmightnotknowthescientist他也许不认识那位科学家。疑问句中用cancould。Couldhehavefinishedthetask他可能把任务完成了吗,Canhebeathomenow他现在能在家吗,注:以上三种句式中情态动词的语气按程度都是依次递减的。Might,could并非may,can的过去式而表示语气较为委婉或可能性较小。情态动词表推测的三种时态对将来情况的推测用“情态动词动词原形”。Shemustmaymightcouldarrivebefore:精品文档前她一定可能也许到。Shemustmaymightcouldwalkmilesandmilesamongthehillswithoutmeetinganyone她一定可能也许会在山里一连走好几英里而遇不到一个人。对现在或一般情况的推测用“情态动词be”“情态动词bedoing”或“情态动词动词原形”。Hemustmaymightcouldbelisteningtotheradionow他一定可能也许正在听收音机。Hecan’tmaynotbeathomeatthistime这个时候他不可能可能不在家。MrBushisontimeforeverythingHowcanhebelatefortheopeningceremony布什先生一向准时这次开幕式他怎么可能迟到呢,对过去情况的推测用“情态动词have过去分词”。ItmustmaymightcouldhaverainedlastnightThegroundiswet地湿了昨晚肯定可能也许下雨了。ThedoorwaslockedHecannotmaynothavebeenathome门锁着他不可能可能不在家。精品文档CanCouldhehavegottenthebook,难道他找到书了吗,注:情态动词shouldoughtto表推测时意为“想必会理应„„”但与“have过去分词”连用时则又可构成虚拟语气意为“本应该做某事却没做”。例如:It’sseveno’clockJackshouldoughttobehereatanymoment现在七点钟了杰克理应随时到达。Sheshouldoughttohaveattendedyourbirthdayparty,butshehadtolookafterhermotherinhospital她本该出席你的生日晚会的可是她得在医院照顾她妈妈。Tomshouldnotoughtnottohavetoldmeyoursecret,buthemeantnoharm汤姆本不该告诉我你的秘密可是他并无恶意。功能助动词主要有两类:基本助动词和情态助动词。基本助动词有三个:do,have和be情态助动词基本的有十四个:may,mightcan,couldwill,wouldshall,shouldmust,need,dare,usedto,oughttohadbetter上述两类助动词的共同特征是在协助主动词构成限定动词词组时具有作用词的功能:)构成否定式:精品文档Hedidn'tgoandneitherdidsheThemeetingmightnotstartuntilo'clock)构成疑问式或附加疑问式:MustyouleaverightnowYouhavebeenlearningFrenchforyears,haven'tyou)构成修辞倒装:NowherecanheobtainanyinformationabouthissisterHardlyhadhearrivedwhenshestartedcomplaining)代替限定动词词组:A:WhocansolvethiscrosswordpuzzleB:TomcanA:ShallIwritetohimB:Yes,do重点疑难need和dare的用法need和dare既可用作情态动词也可用作实义动词。用作情态动词时主要用于否定句和疑问句。用作实义动词时可用于各种句式。用作情态动词NeedIcomeYes,youmust我需要来吗,需要。Youneedn′ttelephonehimnow你现在不必打电精品文档话给他。Idon′tthinkyouneedworry我想你不必发愁。Shedarenotgooutaloneatnight她晚上不敢一个人出去。HowdareyousayI′munfair你竟敢说我不公平,Notoneofthemdaredmentionthis他们谁也不敢提这件事。用作实义动词Youdon′tneedtodoityourself你不必亲自做这件事。Weneedtotellthemthenews我们需要把这消息告诉他们。情态动词记忆口诀:情态动词两要点动词原形跟后面,说话语气较委婉,can表"能力"may"许可",must"责任"或"义务",否定回答"needn't"换should"应该",would"愿",haveto"被迫"表客观注释:对must构成的一般疑问句作否定回答只能用needn't情态动词有can,may,must,haveto,shall,dare,need,oughtto等。情态动词无人称和数的变化不能单独使用必须与其后的动词原形构成谓语精品文档一、can,could)表示能力。CanyouliftthisheavyboxMarycanspeakthreelanguagesCanyouskate此时可用beableto代替。Can只有一般现在时和一般过去式而beableto则有更多的时态。I’llnotbeabletocomethisafternoon当表示―经过努力才得以做成功某事‖时应用beableto不能用Can。如:Hewasabletogotothepartyyesterdayeveninginspiteoftheheavyrain)表示请求和允许。CanIgonowYes,youcanNo,youcan’t此时可与may互换。在疑问句中还可用could,might代替不是过去式只是语气更委婉不能用于肯定句和答语中。CouldIcometoseeyoutomorrowYes,youcan)表示客观可能性。They’vechangedthetimetable,sowecangoby精品文档businsteadThishallcanholdpeopleatleast)表示推测用于疑问句、否定句和感叹句中。CanthisbetrueThiscan’tbedonebyhimHowcanthisbetrue二、may,might)表示请求和允许。might比may语气更委婉而不是过去式。否定回答时可用can’t或mustn’t表示―不可以禁止‖。MightMayIsmokeinthisroomNo,youmustn’tMayMightItakethisbookoutoftheroomYes,youcan用MayI,征徇对方许可时比较正式和客气而用CanI,在口语中更常见。)用于祈使句表示祝愿。Mayyousucceed!)表示推测、可能性。might不是过去式它所表示的可能性比may小。(Hemaymightbeverybusynow(Yourmothermaymightnotknowthetruth精品文档三、must,haveto)表示必须、必要。Youmustcomehereontime在回答引出的问句时如果是否定的不能用mustn’t而用needn’t,don’thavetoMustwehandinourexercisebookstodayYes,youmustNo,youdon’thavetoyouneedn’t)must是说话人的主观看法而haveto则强调客观需要。Must只有一般现在时haveto有更多的时态形式。(Hisplayisn’tinteresting,Ireallymustgonow(IhadtoworkwhenIwasyourage)表示推测、可能性(You’reTom’sgoodfriend,soyoumustknowwhathelikesbest(YourmothermustbewaitingforyounowTheroadiswetItmusthaverainedlastnight马路湿了昨晚一定下雨了。四、needneed作情态动词用时,常用于疑问句、否定句。在肯精品文档定句中一般用must,haveto,oughtto,should代替。(Youneedn’tcomesoearlyNeedIfinishtheworktodayYes,youmustNo,youneedn’t)need作实义动词用时有人称、时态和数的变化。ThehouseneedstobepaintedThehouseneedspaintingHeneedstofinishhishomeworktoday五、shall)shall用于第一人称征求对方的意见。Whatshallwedothisevening)shall用于第二、三人称表示说话人给对方的命令、警告、允诺或威胁。Youshallfailifyoudon’tworkhardHeshallhavethebookwhenIfinishitHeshallbepunished六、will,would)表示请求、建议等would更委婉。WillWouldyoupassmetheball,please)表示意志、愿望和决心。IwillneverdothatagainTheyaskedhimifhewouldgoabroad精品文档)would表示过去反复发生的动作或某种倾向。would表示过去习惯时比usedto正式且没有―现已无此习惯‖的含义。Duringthevacation,hewouldvisitmeeveryotherdayThewoundwouldnotheal)表示估计和猜想。Itwouldbeaboutteno’clockwhenshelefthome七、should,oughtto)should,oughtto表示―应该‖oughtto表示义务或责任比should语气重。IshouldhelpherbecausesheisintroubleYououghttotakecareofthebaby)表示劝告、建议和命令。should,oughtto可通用但在疑问句中常用should。YoushouldoughttogotoclassrightawayShouldIopenthewindow)表示推测should,oughtto,must。HemustbehomebynowHeoughttoshouldbehomebynowThisiswheretheoilmustbe精品文档Thisiswheretheoiloughttoshouldbe总结一、猜测:must,may,might,can,could只能用于肯定句,非常肯定的猜测,表示可能的猜测疑问句,过去时用could表示预测“应当”二、情态动词否定式的常考点有:mustn’t禁止、严禁、不准needn’t不必要、没必要can’t不可能maynot可能不、或许不shouldn’t不应该(=oughtnotto)三、情态动词havedone表示对过去发生的事情的推测,批评,反悔等意shouldhavedone本应该做而没做oughttohavedone本应该做而没做couldhavedone本可以做而没做needn’thavedone不必做的做了maymighthavedone可能做了某事musthavedone一定做了can’thavedone一定没有做练习题)Acomputerthinkforitself,itmustbetold精品文档whattodoAcan’tBcouldn’tCmaynotDmightnot)ThefirespreadthroughthehotelveryquicklybuteveryonegetoutAhadtoBwouldCcouldDwasableto)Whereismyuncle,MaryHeinthebedroomAmusthavebeenBmustbeCmayhavebeenDshouldhavebeen)Petercomewithustonight,butheisn’tverysureyetAmustBmayCcanDwill)ThatmustbeamistakeNo,itamistakeAmustnotbeBneedn’tbeCcannotbeDwouldnotbe)It’snearlyo’clockDadcomehomesoonAcanBcouldCwouldDshould)AreyoucomingtoJeff’spartyI’mnotsureIgototheconcerttonight精品文档AmustBwouldCshouldDmight)YoureturnthebooknowYoucankeepittillnextweekifyoulikeAcan’tBmustn’tCneedn’t)Johnny,youplaywiththeknife,youhurtyourselfAwon’tcan’tBmustn’tmayCshouldn’t,mustDcan’tshouldn’t)Ididn’thearthephoneIasleepAmustbeBmusthavebeenCshouldbeDshouldhavebeen)Ididn’tseeherinthemeetingroomthismorningSheatthemeetingAmustn’thavespokenBshouldn’thavespokenCneedn’thavespokenDcouldn’thavespoken)Ican’tfindMrSmithanywhereintheofficebuildingWherehehavegoneAmustBcanCshouldDneed高考考题:Ithoughtyoulikesomethingtoread,so精品文档IhavebroughtyousomebooksAmayBmightCwouldDmustWhereismypenIitAmightloseBwouldhavelostCshouldhavelostDmusthavelostIdidn’thearthephoneIasleepAmustbeBmusthavebeenCshouldbeDshouldhavebeenTherewerealreadyfivepeopleinthecar,buttheymanagedtotakemeaswellItacomfortablejourneyAcan’tbeBshouldn’tbeCmustn’thavebeenDcouldn’thavebeenIt’snearlyseveno’clockJackbehereatanymomentAmustBneedCshouldDcouldTheywillrunthismachineontheirowninthreemonthsAcanBcouldCmayDbeabletoThatbigcinemaseat,peopleAcanBshouldCoughttoDisabletoCouldIborrowyourdictionary精品文档Yes,ofcourseyouAmightBwillCcanDshouldMightIwatchTVaftersupperYes,youAmayBmustCmightDcanWillyoustayforlunch

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