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首页 2013高考英语安徽卷阅读理解试题解析

2013高考英语安徽卷阅读理解试题解析.doc

2013高考英语安徽卷阅读理解试题解析

學會銨瀞f
2019-01-22 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2013高考英语安徽卷阅读理解试题解析doc》,可适用于高中教育领域

年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)英语阅读理解题解析来安县半塔中学梅崇兵阅读理解历来是英语试卷的“重头戏”,今年的五篇阅读理解没有什么变化,“五篇阅读理解分别是五个类型的文章,如应用文、说明文、记叙文和议论文等。”今年的阅读理解内容分别是有关健康的、如何保护水资源的、介绍一个慈善机构、介绍探戈舞等,“体现了一种时代感,让学生在做卷子的过程中有一种跨文化交流的意识。”特别注意的是,阅读理解里有两道题很具有亮点,一个是对文章出处和结构的判断,另一个是对作者意图和态度的推断,这两个问题对学生的要求较高,“必须要读懂和理解文章内容才可以。”第三部分阅读理解(共小题每小题份,满分分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。ATheHealthyHabitsSurvey(调查)showsthatonlyaboutonethirdofAmericanseniorshavecorrecthabitsHerearesomefindingsandexpertadviceHowmanytimesdidyoubrushyourteethyesterday·Finding:Afullofseniorsbrushtheirteethonlyonceaday·Step:RemovethetypesofbacteriainyourmoutheachmorningwithabatteryoperatedtoothbrushBrushgentlyforminutes,atleasttwiceadayHowmanytimesdidyouwashyourhandsorbatheyesterday·Finding:Seniors,onaverage,bathefewerthandaysaweekAndnearlywashtheirhandsonlytimesadayhalfofthenumberdoctorsrecommend·Step:Wetouchourfacesaround,timesadayofteninvitinggerms(病菌)toenterourmouth,nose,andeyesUsetoiletpapertoavoidtouchingthedoorhandleAnd,mostimportant,washyourhandsoftenwithhotrunningwaterandsoapforsecondsHowoftendoyouthinkaboutfightinggerms·Finding:Seniorsarenotfightinggermsaswellastheyshould·Step:BeawareofgermsDoyouknowitisnotyourtoiletbutyourkitchensponge(海绵)thatcancarrymoregermsthananythingelseTokillthesegerms,keepyourspongeinthemicrowaveforsecondsWhatisfoundoutAmericanseniorsAMostofthemhavegoodhabitsBNearlyofthembathethreedaysaweekCAllofthemarefightinggermsbetterthanexpectedDAboutonethirdofthembrushtheirteethonlyonceadayDoctorssuggestthatpeopleshouldwashtheirhandsAtwiceadayBthreetimesadayCfourtimesadayDeighttimesadayWhichofthefollowingistrueaccordingtothetextAWeshouldkeepfromtouchingourfacesBTherearelessthantypesofbacteriainthemouthCAkitchenspongecancarrymoregermsthanatoiletDWeshouldwashourhandsbeforetouchingadoorhandleThetextprobablycomesfromAaguidebookBapopularmagazineCabookreviewDanofficialdocumentA篇阅读理解为一篇介绍一项有关健康调查的报告,属于信息查找类型的文章。第题答案为D,属于细节理解题。根据第一段onlyaboutonethirdofAmericanseniorshavecorrecthabits可知,A答案错误。B项在文中只涉及Seniors,onaverage,bathefewerthandaysaweek,属于文中的信息杂合,是错误答案。再根据Howoftendoyouthinkaboutfightinggerms·Finding:Seniorsarenotfightinggermsaswellastheyshould可知C项错误。所以正确答案为D,从文中Howmanytimesdidyoubrushyourteethyesterday·Finding:Afullofseniorsbrushtheirteethonlyonceaday可知。第题答案为D,属于细节理解题。根据Howmanytimesdidyouwashyourhandsorbatheyesterday·Finding:Seniors,onaverage,bathefewerthandaysaweekAndnearlywashtheirhandsonlytimesadayhalfofthenumberdoctorsrecommend可知。第题答案为C,属于细节理解题。根据文章内容可判断A、B、D均为错误选项,其中D项的正确表述为:aftertouchingdoorhandle根据“Howoftendoyouthinkaboutfightinggerms·Step:BeawareofgermsDoyouknowitisnotyourtoiletbutyourkitchensponge(海绵)thatcancarrymoregermsthananythingelse可知,正确答案为C。第题答案为B,属于推理判断题。根据全文表述的内容可知这篇文章可能取自一篇大众类的杂志。BUsingtoomuchwaterorthrowingrubbishintoourriversareclearwaysthathumanscanputourwatersupplyindanger,butwealsoaffectourwatersupplyinlessobviouswaysYoumaywonderhowpaving(铺砌)aroadcanleadtolessusablefreshwaterAmajorPartofthewaterweuseeverydayisgroundwaterGroundwaterdoesnotcomefromlakesorriversItcomefromundergroundThemoreroadsandparkinglotswepave,thelesswatercanflowintothegroundtobecomegroundwaterHumanactivityisnotresponsibleforallwatershortages(短缺)Drierclimatesareofcoursemorelikelytohavedroughts(干旱)thanareaswithmorerainfall,butinanycase,goodmanagementcanhelptomakesurethereisenoughwatertomeetourbasicneedsThinkingaboutthewayweusewatereverydaycanmakeabigdifference,tooIntheUnitedStates,afamilyoffourcanusetonsofwateraday!Thisshowshowmuchwedependonwatertolive,butthere’salotwecandotolowerthenumberYoucantakestepstosavewaterinyourhomeTostartwith,usethesameglassforyourdrinkingwateralldayWashitonlyonceadayRunyourdishwasher(洗碗机)onlywhenitisfull。HelpyourparentsfixanyleaksinyourhomeYoucanevenhelptokeepourwatersupplycleanbyrecyclingbatteriesinsteadofthrowingthemawayWhichofthefollowingismostlikelytoleadtolessgroundwaterAUsingriverwaterBThrowingbatteriesawayCpavingparkinglotsDThrowingrubbishintolakesWhatcanbeinferredfromthetextAAllwatershortagesareduetohumanbehaviorBIttakesalotofefforttomeetourwaterneedsCThereismuchwecandotoreducefamilysizeDTheaveragefamilyinAmericamakesproperuseofwaterThelastparagraphisintendedtoAshowushowtofixleaksathomeBtellushowtorunadishwasherCprovewhatdrinkingglassisbestforusDsuggestwhatwedotosavewaterathomeThetextismainlyaboutAWhypavingroadsreducesourwaterBhowmuchwedependonwatertoliveCwhydroughtsoccurmoreindryclimatesDhowhumanactivityaffectsourwatersupplyB篇是一篇有关环境保护主题方面的文章,取材非常贴近我们的生活,文章难度总体较易。第题答案为C,属于细节理解题。根据第二段及常识,尤其是最后一句Themoreroadsandparkinglotswepave,thelesswatercanflowintothegroundtobecomegroundwater可知答案为C。第题答案为B,属于推理判断题。根据文章内容可采用排除法,答案为B第题答案为D,属于推理判断题。根据文章最后一段可知答案为D。第题答案为D,属于主旨大意题。根据全文可知,正确答案为D项“howhumanactivityaffectsourwatersupply”CWhenyearoldSophiaGiorgisaidshewasthinkingofvolunteeringtohelptheMakeAWishFoundation(基金会),nobodyunderstoodwhatshewastalkingaboutButSophiaknewjusthowimportantMake–A–WishcouldbebecausethisspecialorganizationhadhelpedtomakeadreamcometrueforoneherbestfriendsWewereinterestedinfindingoutmore,sowewentalongtomeetSophialistentowhatshehadtosaySophiatoldusthatMake–A–WishisaworldwideorganizationthatstartedintheUnitedStatesin”It’sacharity(慈善机构)thathelpschildrenwhohavegotveryseriousillnessesMake–A–Wishhelpchildrenfeelhappyeventhoughtheyaresick,bymakingtheirwishesanddreamscometrue,”SophiaexplainedWeaskedSophiahowMake–A–WishhadfirststartedShesaidithadallbegunwithaverysickyoungboycalledChris,whohadbeendreamingforalongtimeofbecomingapolicemanSophiasaidlotsofpeoplehadwantedtofindawaytomakeChris’sdreamcometrueso,witheverybody’shelp,Chris,onlysevenyearsoldatthetime,hadbeena“policeman”foraday”whenpeoplesawhowdelightedChriswaswhenhisdreamcametrue,theydecidedtotryandhelpothersickchildrentoo,andthatwasthebeginningofMake–A–Wish,”explainedSophiaSophiaalsotoldustheFoundationtriestogivechildrenandtheirfamiliesaspecial,happytimeAMakeAWishvolunteervisitsthefamiliesandasksthechildrenwhattheywouldwishforiftheycouldhaveanythingintheworldSophiasaidthevolunteerswereimportantbecausetheyweretheoneswhohelpedtomakethewishescometrueTheydothiseitherbyprovidingthingsthatarenecessary,orbyraisingmoneyorhelpingoutinwhateverwaytheycanSophiafoundoutaboutMakeAWishbecauseherbestfriendhadAbenefitedfromitBvolunteeredtohelpitCdreamedaboutitDtoldtheauthoraboutitAccordingtoSophia,MakeAWishAisaninternationalcharityBwasunderstoodbynobodyatfirstCraisesmoneyforverypoorfamiliesDstartedbydrawingtheinterestofthepublicWhatissaidaboutChrisinParagraphAHehasbeenapolicemansincehewassevenBHegavepeopletheideaofstartingMakeAWishCHewantedpeopletohelpmakehisdreamcometrueDHewasthefirstchildMakeAWishhelpedafterithadbeensetupWhichofthefollowingistrueaboutMakeAWishvolunteersATheyareimportantformakingwishescometrueBTheytrytohelpchildrengetovertheirillnessesCTheyvisitsickchildrentomakethemfeelspecialDTheyprovidewhatisnecessarytomakeMakeAWishpopularC篇文章介绍了一个有关“Make–A–Wish”的基金会组织。第题答案为A,属于细节理解题。从文章第一段becausethisspecialorganizationhadhelpedtomakeadreamcometrueforoneherbestfriends可知,A为正确答案。第题答案为A,属于细节理解题。根据文章所术信息,采用排除法,其中B、C、D信息均有误,再根据第二段内容,可知A项为正确答案。第题答案为B,属于主旨大意题。A、C、D属于明显的错误信息,从而B项为正确答案。第题答案为A,属于细节理解题。根据文章内容可采用排除法,答案为A。D“Peoplearerudertodaybecausetheyarerushedandmore‘timepoor’thaneverbefore,”saysPatsyRowe,“Mannershavefallenofftheradar(雷达)”Duetoourstrongattractiontoelectronicequipmentitisawondermorepeopledon’twakeupeachmorningandgreetthesingingbirdswithacomplaint(抱怨)aboutthenoiseHerearesomeexamplesofrudenessSomepeopleprefertodoalmosteverythingovertheinternetTothem,dealingwithanactualhumanislikeanevolutionarystepbackwardItfeelsveryslowbecausehumansdon’tworkatGspeedsWhenyouhavedinnerwithfriends,youwilloftennoticesomeonepayingmoreattentiontohismobilephoneWehaveprogrammedourselvestothinkthateverynewmessagebringslifechangingnews,sotakingcallsandcheckingourtextsaremoreimportantthantalkingtothepeoplewearewithWhatisworse,somepeopleeventendtosendanonymous(匿名的)rudemessagesbyemailHowever,rudenessisneveracceptable,Don’tassumeitisOKtoberudeifthepersonyou’reintouchwithwon’trecognizeyouIfyouhavesomethingawfultosay,havethecouragetofacethepersonandsayit,writealetteroremailandsignit,orforgetitUpsettingpeoplewithunsignedmessagesiscruelanddisgustingWeshouldn’tblametechnologyforourshortcomingsTechnologyisheretohelpus,butweshouldnotallowittotakeoverourlivesAnimportantstepisacknowledgingourshortcomingsPeoplespendalotoftimepointingoutbadmannersbutitwouldbeevenmorehelpifwe′dpubliclyacknowledgegoodmannerswhenweseethemWhatcanbeinferredfromtheunderlinedsentenceinParagraphIAPeoplecantellgoodfrombadbehaviorBRadarisabletoobservehumanbehaviorCPeoplecarelittleabouttheirbehaviorDRadarcanbeusedtopredicthumanbehaviorSomepeoplearelesswillingtodealwithhumansbecauseAtheyarebecominglesspatientBtheyaregrowingtooindependentCtheyhavetohandlemanyimportantmessagesDtheyhavetofollowanevolutionarystepbackwardTheauthorthinkssendingunsignedawfulmessagesisARidiculousBdisgustingCacceptableDreasonableWhatcanwelearnfromthelastparagraphAWeshouldapplaudgoodbehaviorBTechnologycanneverbeblamedCWeshouldkeeppointingoutmistakesDTechnologywilltakeoverlivesonedayD篇是一篇有关现代文明礼仪的文章。第一段的第一句话其实就是文章主题句。第题答案为C,属于推理判断题。根据第一段所表述的内容,可推测C项为“Mannershavefallenofftheradar(雷达)”的含义。第题答案为A,属于细节理解题。根据第二段前三句可知答案为A。第题答案为B,属于细节理解题。根据第三段最后一句“Upsettingpeoplewithunsignedmessagesiscruelanddisgusting”可知答案。第题答案为A,属于推理判断题。根据文章最后一段可知,A项为正确答案。EArgentinainthelatenineteenthcenturywasanexcitingplaceAround,itwasexperiencinganeconomic(经济的)boom,andthecapital,BuenosAires,attractedmanypeopleFarmers,aswellasafloodofforeignersfromSpainandItaly,cametoBuenosAiresseekingjobsThesejobsdidn’tpaywell,andthepeoplefeltlonelyanddisappointedwiththeirnewlifeinthecityAstheunhappynewcomersmixedtogetherinthepoorpartsofthecity,thedanceknownanthetango(探戈舞)cameintobeingAtthebeginningthetangowasadanceofthelowerclassesItwasdancedinthebarsandstreetsAtthattimetheremanyfewerwomenthemen,soifamandidn’twanttobeleftout,hisonlychoicewastodancewithanothermansothathecouldattracttheattentionofthefewavailablewomenGradually,thedancespreadintotheupperclassesofArgentineansocietyandbecamemorerespectableInEuropeatthistime,stronginterestindancefromaroundtheworldwasbeginningTheinterestininternationaldancewasespeciallyevidentinParisEverykindofdancefromballet(芭蕾舞)tobellydancingcouldbefoundonthestagesoftheParistheatersoftheParistheatersAftertangodancesfromArgentinaarriveinEurope,theybegantodrawtheinterestofthepublicantheyperformedtheirexitingdanceincafes,Thoughnoteveryoneapprovedofthenewdance,sayingitwasalittletooshocking,thedancedidfindenoughsupporterstomakeitpopularThepopularity(流行)OfthetangocontinuedtogrowinmanyotherpartsoftheworldSoldierswhoreturnedtotheUnitedStatesfromWorldWarIbroughtthetangotoNorthAmerica,ItreachedJapanin,andintheArgentineanembassyinSeoulhiredalocaltangodancertoactanakindofdanceambassador,andpromotetangodancingthroughoutSouthKoreaTheoriginofthetangoisassociatedwithABellydancesBAmericansoldiersCSpanishcityDthecapitalofArgentinaWhichofthefollowingistrueaboutthetangoAItwascreatedbyforeignersfromSpainandItalyBPeopleoftheupperclasseslovedthetangomostCItwasoftendancedbytwomaleinthebeginningDAdancerinSeoulbecametheArgentineanambassadorBeforeWorldWarI,thetangospreadtoAAmericaBJapanCFranceDSouthKoreaWhatcanbethebesttitleforthetextAHowtoDancetheTangoBTheHistoryoftheTangoCHowtoPromotetheTangoDTheModernTangoBoomE篇属于信息阅读类文章,全文讲述了tango(探戈舞)的历史。第题答案为D,属于细节理解题。根据文章第一段可知A、B、C为错误选项,再据Around,itwasexperiencinganeconomic(经济的)boom,andthecapital,BuenosAires,attractedmanypeopleFarmers,aswellasafloodofforeignersfromSpainandItaly,cametoBuenosAiresseekingjobs可知正确答案为D。第题答案为C,属于细节理解题,根据文章第二段内容可知正确答案为C。第题答案为C,属于细节理解题,A项应为“AfterWorldWarI,thetangospreadtoAmerica”,B项发生的时间是年,D项为年,利用排除法可知正确答案为C项。第题答案为B,属于主旨大意题,据全文内容可知正确答案为B。

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2013高考英语安徽卷阅读理解试题解析

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