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首页 新西兰2

新西兰2.ppt

新西兰2

ada_xiao5
2013-02-27 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《新西兰2ppt》,可适用于高等教育领域

新西兰国家照片经济实力政治WhyIputherpicturesherePleasefindtheanswerintheintroductionthatfollows…Fouraspectsofitspolitics:ThegovernmentItsforeignpolicyItsjudicialsystemTherelationshipwithsomecountriesTheformofNewzealand’sgovernmentisBritishstyleparliamentarydemocracyQueenofNewZealandistheheadofthestate,theQueenappointsthegovernorasherrepresentativetoexercisemanagementrightsTheExecutiveCouncil,composedoftheGovernorandCabinet,isastatutoryhighestexecutivebodyCabinetgripsonpower,formedbythemajorityofpartiesinNewZealandparliamentParliamentsetsuponlytheHouseofRepresentatives,electedbyuniversalsuffrageforatermofyearsThereisnowrittenconstitutionTheconstitutioniscomposedofaseriesoflawsandamendmentsandcertaindecisionsofthePrivyCouncilthatpassedbytheBritishCouncilandtheNewZealandparliamentThecurrentgovernmentiscontrolledbytheNationalPartyandtheAlliancePartycoalitiongovernmentThePrimeMinisterisHelen’ClarkwhoistheLabourPartyleaderJim’Anderson,theAlliancePartyleader,istheDeputyPrimeMinisterTherearesomeotherparties:LabourParty(工党)ProgressiveParty(进步联盟党)NZFirstParty(新西兰第一党)ActiveNZ(新西兰行动党)GreenParty(绿党)UnitedFutureNZParty(新西兰联合未来党)MauriPacific(太平洋精神党)ConservativeParty(保守党)DemocraticParty(民主党)ChristianHeritage(基督教遗产党)BACKThefundamentalpurposeofforeignpolicyistomaintainworldpeaceinthePacificregioninparticular,toprotectNewZealand'ssovereigntyandsecuritytopromoteNewZealand'seconomicprosperityandtheeconomicandtraderelationswithothercountriesThemidthcentury,,anindependentNewZealandforeignpolicyclearlybegantotakeshapeNewZealandtookactiveparticipationinaseriesofinternationalaffairs,includingtradeliberalization,environmentalprotection,armscontrolanddisarmamentandotheraspectsofinternationalnegotiationsIn,NewZealandbecameanuclearfreezoneNewZealand,asoneofthefoundingmembersoftheUnitedNations,alwaysputstheprinciplesoftheChartertoanimportantposition,andisoftenresponsibleforinternationalpeacekeepingmissionsThereareMorethanNewZealandsoldiersintheworldparticipatinginvariouspeacekeepingoperationsBACKJudicialsystemNewZealandjudicialsystemthatadoptedisbasedonEnglishcommonlawandbasedonjurisprudence,whichissimilarwithmanycommonwealthcountriesandwesterncountriesNewZealandfollowedfourcourtsystem:districtcourts,NewZealandHighCourt(withjurisdictionofthecourtsoffirstinstance,andtheDistrictCourtheardtheappeal),theCourtofAppeal(Appellatecase),theJudicialCommitteeofthePrivyCouncil(JudicialCommitteeofthePrivyCouncil,onlyappellate)Inadditiontofourcourts,therearesomespecialcourtsandagencies,specializinginlaborlawrelatedtoresourcemanagementandothermorespecificproblemsBACKNewZealandhascloseeconomicandculturalrelationswiththePacificislandcountriesandAustraliaNewZealandmaintainscloserelationswiththeAsiaPacificregionandothercountriesthroughsoutheastAsiannations(ASEAN)thatformalorganizationsanddiplomaticandtradeaffairsItalsoremainsaveryimportantandstrongtraditionaltieswiththeUnitedKingdomandEuropeanCommunityNewZealandhostAPECsummitinNewZealand'sarmedforcesalsoparticipatedinseveralcountries’internationalpeacekeepingactivitiesRelationshipwithChina

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