下载

2下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 初中英语所有重点词汇用法短语_带目录

初中英语所有重点词汇用法短语_带目录.doc

初中英语所有重点词汇用法短语_带目录

爱文
2013-02-27 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《初中英语所有重点词汇用法短语_带目录doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ初中英语动词用法Aactv表演演戏actassbsth充任某角色担任某工作Idon’tunderstandEnglish,soyouhavetoactasmyinterpreter(翻译)。其他用法:actfor代表某人代理某人的职位Duringherillness,herlawyerhasbeenactingforherinherbusiness在她生病期间她的律师一直代理她的业务。词语拓展:actionn行为行动takeaction采取行动actorn演员actressn女演员activeadj活跃的积极的主动的起作用的activelyadv活跃地积极地activetyn活动性,活力活动(activities复数)acceptv接受赞同欢迎听从近义词辨析:accept和receiveaccept是“接受、认可“的意思是收到并接受receive有”收到“的意思但不一定接受。egIreceivedalotofgiftsonmybirthday,butIdidn’tacceptany生日那天我收到许多礼物但是我并没有收下任何礼物。achievevt获得achieveabalancebetween…and…在…和…之间获得平衡addv()加增加添加addsthtosth往里添加egIftheteaistoostrong,addsomewatertoitegHeaddedhissignaturetothepetition(请愿书)。addAandB(together)加egIfyouaddand,yougetaddtosth增加某事物egThebadweatheronlyaddtoourdifficulties这种坏天气更增加了我们的困难。()补充继续说eg“I’llcomeherelater’’headdedaddin包括在内egDon’tforgetaddmein别忘了把我算上。addup合计加起来addupto总计达到addfueltothefire火上浇油词语拓展:additionn加法增加的人或事物inaddition加上,又,另外单独使用放在句首逗号隔开eg:Inadditiontherearesixstudents除此之外还有六名学生。inadditionto除外还eg:Inadditiontohighsalaries,youwillenjoyapaidholidayeveryyearbesides表示“除…以外(还也)”相当于inadditiontoegBesidesEnglish,theyalsostudymath,physicsandchemistryexcept表示“除…外(其余都)…”常与alleveryno,none,nothing等含有整体肯定或否定意义的词连用。egHeansweredallthequestionsexceptthelastone除了最后一个问题外所有的问题他都回答了。exceptfor也表示“除…以外”但是和except不同的是:与except连用的整体词和except所跟的词常常是同类的是指整体除去一部份而与exceptfor连用的整体词与exceptfor所跟的词往往不是同类的是指整体中除去一个细节。例如:Yourcompositionisgoodexceptforafewspellingmistakes除了几处拼写错误以外你的作文写得很好。Exceptforanoldlady,thebuswasempty除了有一个老太太以外这辆公共汽车是空的。apartfrom表示“除…之外”。根据上、下文的不同它既可用作besides,也可用作except和exceptfor。Apartfromthem,Ihadnoonetotalkto(=except)除了他们以外我没有人说话。Apartfromotherconsiderations,timeisalsoafactor(=besides)除了别的考虑之外时间也是一个因素。(Itis)Goodworkapartfromafewslightfaults(=exceptfor)除了几个小毛病以外这是一篇佳作。aitionaladj附加的额外的添加的advicen建义劝告信息apieceofadvice一条建议askforadvice寻求建议givesbsomeadvice=givesomeadvicetosb给某人提建议takefollowone’sadvice接受、遵照某人的建议advisev给…出主意建议通知advicesbtodosth建议某人做某事suggestionn(C)建议offersbsomesuggestionsCanyouoffermesomesuggestionsaffectv影响感动egColdweatheraffectedthecrops词语拓展:effectn影响作用效果comegointoeffect实施生效ineffect实际上takeeffect生效起作用haveagoodbadeffectonsb对某人有好的坏的影响effectiveadj有效的生效的affectionn喜爱爱慕之情affordv负担得起(的费用损失后果)买得起抽得出时间(常与can,could,beableto连用)affordsthegI’dlovetogoonholidaybutIcan’taffordthetimeegTheywalkedbecausethecan’taffordataxiaffordtodosthegTheywalkedbecausetheycan’taffordtotakeataxiegIhavetoworkhardbecauseIcan’taffordtoloosemyjobaffordsbsth提供给与Thetnsactionaffordedhimagoodprofit这笔交易使他赚了一大笔affordst抽出多少时间Ican'taffordanhourforlunch我抽不出一小时吃午饭。afraidadj担心害怕恐怕beafraidof害怕egDon’tbeafraidofaskingforhelpfromothers不要害怕向别人求助。beafraidfor担心egI’mafraidformysister我担心我的妹妹。beafraidbeafraidofsthdoing害怕(做)某事egI’mafraidofsnakes我害怕蛇。I’mafraidofgoingoutaloneatnightbeafraidtodosth害怕做某事egDon’tbeafraidtoaskquestions不要害怕问问题。I’mafraidsoI’mafraidnot我恐怕是这样不是这样I’mafraidthat…我恐怕。。。。。。。egIhavealotofhomeworktodoI’mafraid(that)Ican’tgowithyouagreev同意赞同agreewithsb同意某人的意见egIagreewithyouagreeon表示具体协议的文件、计划、行动的词egWeagreedontheplanagreetodosth同意做某事egWeagreedtostartearlyagreethat宾语从句egSheagreedthatIwasright其他用法:agreewithsb(尤用于否定或疑问句)(对某人的健康或胃口)适合eglikemushroomsbutunfortunatelytheydon’tagreewithme我喜欢吃蘑菇可惜吃了以后难受。egThehumidclimateinthesouthdidn’tagreewithhim他不适应南方潮湿的气候。词语拓展:agreementn协定协议agreeableadj欣然同意的disagreev不同意有分歧answernv回答解决方案反应theanswertoansweraquestion回答问题solvetheproblem解决问题replynv答复回答replytoaquestionletterMypenfriendintheUSAhasn’trepliedtomylastthreeemailsaimv瞄准对准aimat瞄准针对(直接的目的)egIaimedatthedoorbuthitthewindowegMyremarkswerenotaimatyou我的话不是针对你。aimatthetarget瞄准目标靶子aimatasuccess志在成功beaimedat目的是旨在,为了较为委婉egOurmarketingcampaignshouldbeaimedatyoungworkingcouples。我们的行销活动应该针对年轻的上班夫妇aimedfor瞄准以…为目标(长久以来的目标)egYourwholeparentinghasaimedforthismoment你这个教育目标就是这一刻allowv允许准许allowdoingsth允许某人做某事egWedon’tallowsmokinginourhouse在我们家不允许抽烟。allowsbtodosth允许某人做某事egTheyallowhertogototheparty他们允许她去参加晚会。allowsbnottodosth不允许某人做某事注意被动:sbbeallowedtodosthallowsbinoutup允许某人进来出去起来allowfor考虑到把……考虑进来体谅egWemustallowforhisyouth我们必须体谅他的年轻(sth)allowof容许egThesituationallowsofnodely情况不容拖延。词语拓展:allowancen津贴,补助,零用钱permitv允许较为强硬n许可证permitsbtodosthpermitdoingsthpermissionn允许annoyv使恼怒使生气annoysb使某人生气使某人心烦egIwasannoyedbyhisremarks他的言论激怒了我。appearv出现露面(公开)演出appeartodo好象是Itappearsthat从句egItappearstomethatyouareallwrong我觉得你们全都错了。appearancen出现相貌Shemadeherfinalappearanceonthescreen她最后一次出现在银幕上。disappearv消失appreciatev感激appreciatesthappreciatedoingstharguev争论争吵arguewithsbaboutoveronsth与某人争论某事egWearguedwiththewaiteraboutthepriceofthemeal其他用法:arguesbintooutofdoingsth说服某人做不做某事egTheyarguehisintogivinguphisplanarrivev到达arrivein大地方egWearrivedinParisarriveat小地方egWearrivedatthestationmynationtown其他用法:arriveatsth达成或得出某事物arrivedatanagreement(达成协议)aconclusion(得出结论)egWhatdicisiondidyouarrivedat你们做出了什么决定?arriveatin到达某地getto某地reachaplace数字到达某地数量arrivaln到达timeofarrival到达的时间askv询问问asksthegMayIaskquestionsasksbsthegHeaskedmethewaytothesupermarketHeaskedmetheirnamesHeaskedmewhereheshouldgoasksbaboutsthegHeaskedmeaboutmyhealthasksbtodosthegHeaskmetostopsmokingHeaskmenottoswimhereaskforsth(todosth)请求egSheaskedformoretime(tothinkitover)她请求多一点时间(仔细考虑)。askforsb找(某人)Didanyoneaskformelastweekasksbforhelp=turntosb向某人求助asksbforsomeadvice向某人征求意见asksbforsth向某人索要其他用法:asktheway问路askfortrouble自找麻烦自讨苦吃attemptv企图试图试图做某事attempttodosthattemptdoingsthattentionn注意专心payattentionto注意YoushouldpayattentiontoyourspokenEnglish你应该注意你的口语。asleepadj睡着的fallasleep入睡Hewastootired,sohefellfastasleep他太累了很快就入睡了。sleepvin睡觉gotosleepAfterbreakfast,Iwanttogotosleep吃完早饭后我想去睡觉getenoughsleepIdon’tgetenoughsleepIfeelsleepyinclass我没有足够的睡眠我课堂上感到想睡觉。sleepyadj欲睡的困倦的feelsleepy感到困倦Bbeatv打败战胜((beat,beaten))beatsb(atsth)在某方面打败胜过某人Hebeatsmeatchess他在下棋方面胜我一筹。beatsb打某人beatdefeat一组同义词它们的宾语必须是人或一个集体如ateam,aclass,anschool,anarmy。defeat尤指在战场上打败敌人beat是游戏、比赛的专门用词。二者常可换。egWebeattheirteambypoints我们赢了他们队十分。Intheendtheirarmywasdefeatbeaten最后他们的部队被击(打)败。wingain一组同义词。gain表示获得需要之物它常跟的宾语有one’sliving,experience,strength,time,knowledge,attention,respect,admiration等win表示在较强的竞争中取得胜利它常跟的宾语有game,war,prize,fame,battle等。egWeshallgainexperiencethroughpractice我们将通过实践获得经验。Theywonthebattlebutlostmanymen他们取得了这次战斗的胜利但牺牲了很多人。hit指“打中”或“对准……来打”着重敲打或打击对方的某一点。tap一般是轰轰拍打的意思。eg:Thestonehithimonthehead石头击中了他的头部becomev成为变成become名词Hebecameadoctoratlastbecomeinterestingin变得对感兴趣其他用法:Whatbecomeswillbecomeofsbsth某人某事的情况如何egWhatwillbecomeifIdie假如我死了我的孩子会怎么样呢?beginv开始begintodosth=begindoingsth开始做某事beginstartwith由开始egWewillbeginwithyou从你开始。egTheconcert(音乐会)beganwithapianosolo(钢琴独奏)beginningn开始atthebeginningof在。。。。的开始startv开始n开始starttodosth=startdoingsth开始做某事atthestartof在。。。。的开始startoff动身开始活动tostartbeginwith第一首先endn最后末尾attheend(of)在(……的)末端egAttheendofthestreetyou’llfindthehospitalintheend=finally=atlast最后终于egIntheendshemarriedasingerbytheendof到。。结束时末尾时(用于完成时)egWehadstudiedEnglishforthreeyearsbytheendoflasttermendwith以…结束behavev举止表现behavewellbadly表现好不好举止良好不好believev相信认为believesb相信某人说的话egIbelievehim我相信他的话。believeinsb相信信任某人egIbelieveinhim我相信他。believesbadjegIbelievehimhonest我相信他是诚实的。believe从句egIbelievethathecandothejobwellbelongv属于belongtobyprepby交通工具乘······交通工具)takeathe交通工具tosp乘······交通工具去某地=gotospby交通工具)onabike=bybike骑自行车onfoot步行)onin限定词交通工具)vtospegflytospborrowv借借入借进borrowsth(fromsb)从某地某人处借borrowabook(fromlibrary)lendvt借给lendsthtosblendsbsth把某物借给某人egExcuseme,canIborrowabikefromyouCanIborrowyourbike我能借你的自行车吗?returnv归还回到returntosp=gobacktosp回到某地returnsthtosp把某物还到某地inreturn回报bowv鞠躬bowto服从bowtosb’soppinion屈从某人的意见makeabow鞠躬takeabow鞠躬答谢breakv打破违背breakinto闯进breakaway(from…)(从…)逃脱breakintotopieces碎成片breakupwithsb与某人绝交breaksthoff突然中断、终止某事物breakdown汽车抛锚breakout突然发生egFirebrokeoutlastnight夜间突然失火了。breakthroughsth克服egbreakthroughthedifficulties克服困难breathev呼吸注意发音breathn呼吸takeadeepbreath=breathedeeply深呼吸breathein呼入breatheout呼出beshortoutofbreath上气不接下气bringv拿来取来带来bringsthtosb=bringsbsth把某物带来给某人bringsbsth(withone)带着某物或某人来egHealwaysbringsabottleofwine(withhim)whenhecomestodinnerbringsthsbback送回某人某物egHebroughtmebackinhiscarlastnight他昨天晚上开车送我回来的。Pleasebringbackthebooktometomorrow请明天把书带来还我。bringsbup培养养育egHewasbroughtupbyhisaunt他是被他阿姨养大的。Shebroughtupfivechildrenalltogether她总共抚养了个儿女。其他用法:bringsthup呕吐bringabout带来造成bringaboutgreatchanges带来巨大变化bringin收获(庄稼等)bringinagoodharvest好收成buildv建造建筑buildsthbuildafactory建厂房buildsthforsb=buildsbsthegHisfatherbuiltamodelaeroplaneforhim=Hisfatherbuilthimamodelaeroplanebuildsthoffromoutofsth用(材料)建造egBirdsbuildtheirnestsoutoftwigs鸟儿用细树枝筑巢。buildsthup逐渐建立、增加、增强或发展某事物buildupabiglibrary逐渐建立一座大的图书馆其他用法:Romewasnotbuiltinaday罗马不是一天建成的。burnv燃烧点燃burnout烧坏烧完烧尽burndown烧毁burnaway烧坏烧掉(逐渐)消灭消失egThesunlighthasburntawaythehaze日光使雾消散了。buyv购买买buysthforsb=buysbsthsellv卖sellout卖光sellsthtosb=sellsbsth卖给某人某物Ccallv打电话称作取名呼唤叫喊要求命令callsb=givesbacal给某人打电话call电话号码打某个电话号码callsbat电话号码打某个电话号码找某人callsbsth把某人称为callhimawalkingdictionary把他称为活字典callonsb拜访某人callatsp拜访某地callby顺便拜访callfor要求需要egSuccesscallsforhardwork成功需要努力。callsthoff取消或放弃某事callup回想起Thisbookcallsuphappymemoriesofhischildhood这本书唤起了他对童年幸福的回忆。calledadj叫做…的(后置)becallednamed被叫做carev对在意对在意takecareofsb照顾takecareofsth处理负责takecaretodosth小心当心takecarethat小心careabout关心Hedoesn’tcareaboutanythingwesaycaretodosth愿意做某事(多用于否定句和疑问句)egWouldyoucaretogoforawalk你愿意去散步吗?carryv搬运携带carrysthwithsb随身携带carryaway运走拿走carryback运回拿回使回想起carryintoeffect实现实行carryon继续进行egWe’llcarryonourdiscussiontomorrow明天继续我们的讨论。carrysthtoofar做的太过分了catchv赶上(车船等)捕获catchupwithsbinsth在某方面追赶上某人egIfyoudon’tworkhard,hewillcatchupwithyouinstudy区别:keepupwith跟上不落后于keepupwithhim跟上他catchsbdoingsth逮住某人正在做什么egIcaughthimstealing我发现他正在偷东西。catchupsb’sattentioneyes引起某人的注意Iwascaughtintherain我被雨淋了。catch(a)cold伤风catchfire着火causev造成使发生causesthegThecatcausedthisterribleaccidentcausesbsthegThenewcarcausedmealotoftroublescausesthtosbegThenewcarcarsedalotoftroublestomecausesbtodosthegTheillnesscausedhimtomissthegame其他用法:Takecare!当心!chatv聊天闲谈chatwithsb和某人聊天cheervcheerup使振奋cheersbup使某人高兴checkv核对检查checkout检查核对核查chopv剁砍劈chopin插嘴多嘴cleanv打扫清除cleansthup把收拾干净checkin登记combinev结合组合combinewith和组合comev来来到comeaftersb追赶或追逐某人comeback回来comefrom=befrom从哪里来来自comeby从旁边走过comedown(雨、雪等)落下(价格)下降egThepriceofpetroliscomingdown汽油价格正在下跌。comeon加油comefor为而来egIamcomingformybookswhichwerelenttoyoulastyear我为了去年借你的那些书而来。(我想要回去年借给你的书)comeout出来发芽comethrough经历(困难等)cometoanend结束comeupwithsb赶上追上communicatev交流沟通communicatewithsb与某人交流comparev比较compareAandB=compareAwithtoB加以比较两者相比较egIfyoucompareherworkwithhis,youwillfindhersismuchbettercompareAtoB把A比作BegPoetshavecomparedsleeptodeath诗人把睡眠比作死亡。comparenotes(withsb)交换意见、观点、看法等complainv抱怨complaintosbaboutatsth投诉抱怨发牢骚egSheoftencomplaintomeaboutherpartnerconcentratev集中聚集concentrateonupon集中精力considerv考虑思考认为considersth考虑considerdoingsth考虑egIamconsideringchangingmyjob我正考虑换个工作。considersbsthas把当来对待egWeconsiderhimasourfriendconsidersbsthtobe把当作egWeconsiderhimtobeourbestfriendcontinuev使继续坚持下去Tobecontinued未完待续。gooncontinuetodosth继续做(另一件事)gooncontinuedoingsth继续做(同一件事)gooncontinuewithsth继续……copyv复制抄袭copysthfromsb抄袭某人的copysthdownoutinintosth把抄写在上egThestudentscopiedthesums(算术题)downintheirnnotebooks学生把算术题抄在他们的笔记本上。coverv覆盖becoveredwithsth被…覆盖underthecoverof在…的掩护下以…为幌子coverup掩盖掩饰隐藏takecover隐蔽躲避criticizev批评批判criticizesthegHecriticizedmytakingrisk他批评了我的冒险行为。criticizesbforsthegHecriticizedmeformyrudeness他因为我的卤莽而批评了我crossv穿过横过越过crossoversth穿过穿越注:()与across的区别()与through的区别crowdv挤满充满becrowdedwith充满egTheroomiscrowdedwithpeople屋里挤满了人。costv价值花费(时间、金钱等)sthcostsbsomemoney某物花费某人多少钱egThisfurcoatheboughtforhisgirlfriendlastyearcosthim$

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/42

初中英语所有重点词汇用法短语_带目录

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利