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首页 【朗西埃研究】朗西埃的课程

【朗西埃研究】朗西埃的课程.pdf

【朗西埃研究】朗西埃的课程

庄Stephen
2013-02-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《【朗西埃研究】朗西埃的课程pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域

Stephen文字方塊Stephen文字方塊UNIVERSITYPRESSOxfordUniversityPressisadepartmentoftheUniversityofOxford,ItfurtherstheUniversity'sobjectiveofexcellenceinresearchscholarshipandeducationbypublishingworldwideOxfordNewYorkAucklandCapeTownDaresSalaamHongKongKarachiKualaLumpurMadridMelbourneMexicoCityNairobiNewDelhiShanghaiTaipeiTorontoWithofficesinArgentinaAustriaBrazilChileCzechRepublicFranceGreeceGuatemalaHungaryItalyJapanPolandPortugalSingaporeSouthKoreaSwitzerlandThailandTurkeyUkraineVietnamOxfordisaregisteredtrademarkofOxfordUniversityPressintheUkandcertainothercountriesPublishedintheUnitedStatesofAmericabyOxfordUniversityPressMadisonAvenueNewYorkNewYork©OxfordUniversityPressAHrightsreservedNopartofthispublicationmaybereproducedstoredinaretrievalsystemortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeanswithoutthepriorpermissioninwritingofOxfordUniversityPressorasexpresslypermittedbylawbylicenseorundertermsagreedwiththeappropriatereproductionrightsorganizationInquiriesconcerningreproductionoutsidethescopeoftheaboveshouldbesenttotheRightsDepartment,OxfordUniversityPress,attheaddressaboveYoumustnotcirculatethisworkinanyotherformandyoumustimposethissameconditiononanyacquirer,LibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataChambersSamuelAllenThelessonsofRancièreSamuelAChambers,pcmIncudesbibliographicalreferencesandindexISBN(hardcover:alkpaper)RancièreJacquesPoliticalandsocialviewsPoliticalsciencePhilosophyLiberalismDemocracyTilleJACdcPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaonacidfreepaperForRebeccaAcknowledgmentsixIntroductionPoliticsPoliceLiterarityCritiqueAfterwordNotesWorksCitedIndexacquesRancièreprocaimsthatitispossibletoteachwhatonedoesnotknowApplyingthisradicalpedagogicalprincipletotheteachingsofabookthatabookcanteachsomethingtheauthordoesnotknowWhatthisbookteaches,ifanythingatan,issurelysomethingotherthan,somethingmuchmorethan,thesumofmyknowledgeThereisthusaprofoundgapbetweentheintelligenceofabookandthewillofanauthorThisbook,incudingitserrors,is"mine,"then,inthesensethathavechosenthefinalarrangementofchaptersandsectionsandsentencesandwordsHowever,theintelligenceofthebookbelongstonoone,anditissharedbymanyHerewouldliketonameandnotemygratitudetosorneofthosemanyTheprivilegeofgettingtodopoliticaltheoryatJohnsHopkinsUniversitysometimesfeelslikecheatingPrimarythanksgotomyimmediatefacultycolleaguesinpoliticaltheory:JaneBennett,BillConnolly,andJenniferCulbertamalsogratefulforthesupportofanmyoutstandingcolleaguesinthepoliticalsciencedepartment,incudingrecentpostdoctoralvisitorsNumerouscolleaguesacrosscampushavehelpedtosupportmeortosustainthisprojectinparticularwouldliketothankAmandaAnderson,VeenaDas,FrancesFerguson,AaronGoodfellow,SibaGrovogui,PaolaMarrati,andAdamSheingateOfcourse,thevibrancyofagraduateinstitutiondependsutterlyonthegraduatestudentsthemselvesinthiscontext,amdelightedtoacknowledgethevitalcontributionstomythinkingmadebyseminarstudentsoverthepastfouryearsNathanGies,JairusGrove,ChasPhillips,andDrewWalkeraIlcontributeddirectlytothisprojectinvarious,significantwaysalsothankthemanyundergraduatestudentswhohaveeagerlygrappledwithRancière'swritingsandalongthewaytaughtmesomuchaboutthemPerhapsmostimportantly,wanttoexpressmydeepestgratitudetothemanyreadersthathavebeensoluckytohaveasthisprojecthasdevelopedovertheyearsSincehavesorne,thefollowingisalistofthosewhowerekindenoughtoread,comment,criticize,orotherwiserespondtovariousportionsofthemanuscriptatsornepointinitsdevelopment:PaulApostolidis,BenArditi,JaneBennett,PaulBowman,RebeccaTerrellCarver,BillConnolly,JenniferCulbert,JeanPhilippeDeranty,LisaDisch,KimEvans,EricFassin,AlanFinlayson,NathanGies,JairusGrove,StephanieHershinow,BonnieHonig,AdamKennard,PatchenMarkell,ToddMay,KirstieMcClure,AlettaNorval,JoelOIson,MichaelO'Rourke,DavidePanagia,ChasPhillips,AndrewSchaap,MichaelShapiro,JonSimons,RichardStamp,JeremyValentine,DrewWalker,LizWingrove,KarenZivi,andJohnZumbrunnenThereareafewindividualswhosecontributionstothebookconstitutedebtscouldneverrepaybutwhichamverypleasedtoacknowledgehereRancièrecallslearninganactoftranslation,andlearnedagreatdealfromAnneKantel(Gelman),NathanGies(Greek),andRebeccaBrownandLisaDisch(French)IthasbeenanabsolutejoytoworkwithAngelaChnapkoatOxfordUniversityPressHersympatheticunderstandingoftheprojectandherresponsivenessandprofessionalismhavehelpedmeenormouslyinbringingthisbooktocompletionthankBarbaraPriceforherbrilliantanddefteditorialworkamalsogratefultoTabithaPanter,whoprovidedearlyandinspiringmockupsofthecoverdesignThecompletionoftheprojectmightneverhaveoccunedwereitnotforthediligent,insightful,andalwaysintelligentresearchassistanceprovidedbyNathanGiesThanksgoalsototheKriegerSchoolofArtsandSciencesandtotheDepartmentofPoliticalScienceatJohnsHopkinsforprovidingthefundsforNathan'sRApositionStephanieHershinowgavethebookoneofitslast,andthusmostimportant,reads:couldnothaveaskedforamorelearned,conscientious,andcarefulscrutinyofthetextFinally,amenOlmouslygratefultoBonnieHonigforanuntimelyandinvaluablereadingofthemanuscriptoweaspecialdebttoBenArditi,whoplantedtheseedsforthisbookjustoveradecadeagowhenheinvitedmetogiveapaperonJacquesRancière,athinkerwhoseworkshadneverread,ataconferenceinLondonamdeeplygratefultoparticipantsandaudiencemembersatthatGoldsmithsCollegeconferencewhohelpedgerminatethoseseeds:PaulBowman,TerrellCarver,MickDillon,AlanFinlayson,JimMartin,andAlexThomsonPartsof,andpiecesrelatedto,thisprojectweregiveninanumberofsettingsthankaIloftheparticipantsandaudiencemembersandnotespecialthankstothehostsorconferenceorganizers:DepartmentofGovernment,UniversityofEssex,November(thankstoAlettaNorval,DavidHowarth,andJasonGlynos)DepartmentofPoliticalScience,JohnsHopkinsUniversity,DecemberWesternPoliticalScienceAssociationannualmeeting,MarchAmericanPoliticalScienceAssociationannualmeeting,SeptemberPoliticalandMoralThoughtSeminar,JohnsHopkinsUniversity,MarchIIxAcknowledgmentstoJohnNorthwesternconferenceonJL'<'LlH,'·"'"AprilIl(thankstoDilipGaonkarandScottDurham)DistinguishedGlobalEwhaOctoberIIPoliticalColloquium,NovemberIltoLawrieBalfourand""~~hc,~",norl,n""nTofPoliticalandEconomicStudies,ofHelsinki,DecemberII(thankstoJemimaRepo)DepartmentofPoliticalScience,UniversityofMinnesota,I(thankstoBudDuvall)AnearlierversionofChapterOnewaspublishedas"JacquesRancièreandtheProblemofPurePolitics,"EuropeanJournalofPoliticalTheory,(II),PortionsofChapterTwoaredevelopedfrom"ThePoliticsofthePolice:FromNeoliberalismtoAnarchism,andBacktoDemocracy,"inReadingRancière,editedbyPaulBowmanandRichardStamp(London:Continuum,rI),ISorneoftheoriginalthinkingforChapterThreewaspublishedinaverydifferentformas"ThePoliticsofLiterarity,"TheoryEvent,()PortionsoftheAfterwordreworksorneideasthatoriginallyappearedin"AQueerPoliticsoftheDemocraticMiscount,"borderlands,()Themostimportantsustenanceforwritingcornesnotdirectly,fromcollaboratorsandcolleagues,butindirectly,fromthefamily,friends,andcommunitythatmakeitpossibletowriteinthefirstplaceHalJanneyhadadeepunderstandingofwhatRancièrecallstheequalityofintelligences,ofwhatitmeanttoreadatextonone'sownwishhehadhadthechancetoreadthisbookOurdogLukeprovidedplentyofsupportoveralmosttheentireperiodinwhichthisbookwaswrittenaHusky'slifeistooshortJoelOIsonwasatruecolleagueandcomrade,andoneofthesharpestthinkersandmostlucidwritershaveeverknownHecannotbereplaced,buthewillcontinuetoinspireIamgratefulforcrucialdistractionsprovidedbythedegeneratepokerclub,agroupofindividualsfirmlycommittedtoteachingwhattheydonotknowIonceagain,butneverenough,thankmyparents,TimandJackieChambers,fortheirpatiencewith,andunderstandingof,theinscrutableperipateticlifeoftheacademicnoonehastaughtmemoreaboutlearningDavidandStephanieHershinowlessenedthecultureshockofretumingtoAmericaandhelpedustomakeahomeagainonthissideoftheAtlanticAlanandKeriFinlaysonandJulianBrownandJaneElliottassuredusthatwestillhaveoneontheothersideThankstoPhilChambersforneededmountainair,andtoLaurieFrankelfortimelyvideochatsAsalways,RebeccaBrownreadmoredrafts,gavemorefeedback,discussedmorenascentarguments,andcontributedmoreintellectuallytothisprojectthananyoneelseAsmycollaboratorinlife,Rebeccaisthecollaboratorineverythingwrite,think,orteachItisthusatruismtosaythatthisbook,likeanyotherproduce,wouldnothavebeenpossiblewithoutherYetthisbookisunique,inthatatitsheartliesasetofclaimsaboutpedagogy,abouttheAcknowledgmentsxiofteachingtotototheworldThose'''',,"U~V~jl'VclaimsemergeoutofareadingofRancière,buttheclaimsthemselvesarenotRancière'sandthereadingisnotsimplymineusemyownwordstosaywhatlwanttosayaboutteaching,leaming,andpedagogy,buttheanimatingassumptionssharewithRebeccaAndwesharetheminthesensenotthateachofuspossessesthem(andthereforewe"agree"withoneanother)butinthesensethatthepossessionitselfisjointtheseprinciplescanonlybeheldontobyholdingthemtogetherTheRancièrean"assumptionofequality"thatmakesapartnershippossiblecannotbeanassumptionthatonepersonmakesorgrantstotheotherTheassumptionisitselftheconditionofpossibilityforthe"we,"andforthe""xiiAcknowledgmentsnHISBOOKHASAtricktitleTheLessonsofRancièrelsoundsundernandingandpainlessenough,sinceinechoingthecornrnoncliché,"thelessonsofhistory,"thetitlernakesitsoundasthoughthisbookwilltellitsreaderswhattheyneedtoknowaboutJacquesRancièreinthesarnewayashistoriansrnighttelltheirreaderswhattheyneedtoknowaboutaparticulartirneperiodoreventinhistoryInotherwords,thetitlesaystothereader:thereisthispersoncalledRancière,whohaslikelywrittensornebooksbutyoudonotreallyneedtoreadhisbookssinceyoucanreadthisoneanditwillexplaintoyou"thelessons"ofRancière'swritingsYournightalsoexpectthen,knowingthatthisisabookthatfitsintothebroadlydefinedfieldofconternporarypoliticaltheory,thatitwouldbeabook"onRancière"asapoliticaltheorist,orthatitwouldsysternaticallyconstructhisoverallpoliticaltheorySuchabookwouldnaturallybestructuredbyaseriesofexplicationsofRancière'swritings,placeswheretellrnyreaderwhatRancièreissaying,whatitrneans,andultirnatelydrawsorneconclusions(ie,thelessons)Thisisnotsuchabook,becauseanapproachliketheonedescribedabovewillnotworkinthecaseofRancièreInordertowriteabookdeterrninedtogiveageneraloverviewofthepoliticalthoughtofRancière,ortodevelopanddefend"Rancière'spoliticaltheory,"onewouldhavetoeitherignoreorrefuteRancière'sownexplicitclairnsabouttherelationshipbetweenhiswritings,ontheonehand,andsysternatictheoriesofpolitics,ontheotherIn,RancièrewrotearesponsepiecetoaseriesofarticlesonhisworkpublishedasaspecialissueofthejournalParallaxHechosetoreplynotaccordingtothetirnehonoredtraditionoftheresponseessay:narnely,byclarifyingcertainpoints,explaininghiscentraltenetsandprecepts,andrefutingcriticismsof"histheory"Instead,Rancièregivestheessayitsowndeceptivetitle:''AFewRernarksontheMethodofJacquesRancière,"byJacquesRancièreAndhewritestheentirepieceinthethirdpersonThus,heopenstheessaybywritingneverintendedtoaliterature,cinemaoranythingelseHethinksthatthereisalreadyagooddealofthemandhelovestreesenoughtoavoiddestroyingthemtoaddonemoretoaIlthoseavailableonthemarket"(Rancièreb:lRancièreconfirmsthathehasno"theoryof"anything,butcertainlynotofpoliticsb:lr)TheLessonsofRancièrethereforecannotbeateacher'sguidetoRancière'spoliticaltheory,sincethatsortofclassplanningwouldnecessarilyneedtodisregardoneofRancière'schieflessonsThetitleofthisbooksaysanddoesmorethanitmightfirstappeartosayordobecauseoneofthecentrallessonsofRancière'sworkindeed,perhapshismostimportantteachingisalessonaboutthe"lesson"(RancièreandOliver:)Inchoosingthetitlehave,donotmeantosuggestthatmybookisasystematicaccountofRancière'spoliticaltheory,butrathertoconveyacrucialdimensionofRancière'swork:hisclaimsabout"lessons,"hisargumentsaboutteachingandpedagogy,provefundamentaltohisprojectThereforeinthisbookavoidsystematizingRancière'swritingsresistmorphingthosediverseandconcreteinterventionsintoastaticorcomprehensive"theoryofpolitics"andbothfollowandquestionRancièrewhenhecutsagainstthegrainofcontemporarypoliticaltheoryRatherthanmerelyexplicateRancière'sowntexts,mobilizethemformyownpolemicalinterventionsintodebatesoverdemocraticpoliticstherebyrefusetodrawoutthelessonsofRancière'stextsinthemannerofaseriesofmorals,precepts,ormIesItisbecauseofthisapproach,andnotatandespiteit,thatamcommittedtothinkingthroughthe"lessons"ofRancièreinanothersenseAboveaIlRancièrewantsto"teach"hisreaderssomethingabsolutelycrucialaboutteachingInmakingthisclaimcannotoverstatetheextenttowhichRancièreadvocatesanutterlyradicalpedagogy,onethatcompletelyreconceivesaIlthecentralelementsof"schooling,"includingtheconceptsofteacher,student,intelligence,andknowledgeRancièrethinksitpossibletoteachwithoutknowinghebelievesthatthebestschoolmasterscanoperatenotontheassumptionoftheirexpertise,butontheequalityofintelligenceandthismeansultimatelythatRancièrecontendsthatwecan"teachwhatwedonotknow"ThebestschoolmastersareignorantschoolmastersBelowinmydiscussionofequality,andscatteredthroughoutthechaptersofthisbook,willcomebacktothisradicalpedagogyandtotheresistancetoacertainfonnofepistemologicalandontologicalmasteryaresistancethatformsthebackboneofRancière'swlitingsandcriticalinvestigationsHerewanttomakejustonespecificandcentralpointabouttheveryideaof"lessons"ThelessonsofRancièrearenotthesocaIledlessonsofhistoryformanyreasons,butchiefamongthemmustbethatforRancièreeventhelessonsofhistoryarenotthe"lessonsofhistory,"aswetypicallyunderstandthatphraseBetweenandRancièreplayedacentralroleinthejournalLesrévolteslogiques,wlitingnumeroussingleandcoauthoredarticles,contributingTheLessonsofRancièretocollectiveonthearchiveofRancièreIntheseearlywritingsRancièrevVllühHviHlytheideaoftheworkerastheorthe'"T'"PI'''resistantWhetherintheguiseoforthodoxuA~"UJLH'AllttmsserlaIlSrn,orthe"newphilosophers,"thepoor(theplebs,theproletariat)arekeptintheirplacetothebenefitofthosewhowouldrepresentthemRancière'''V'''''HU~''''UUcontests,aboveaHelse,thisconfinementofthepoortoasphere,thiscreationofapurecategoryforthepoortheEnglishtranslationofhiscontributionstoLesrévolteslogiques,Rancièredescribesthecollectiveprojectasanefforttoholdontoaofemancipation,ofrevolution,ofrevoIt,withoutjettisoningorignoring"theissues,complexitiesandcontradictionsoftwocenturiesofstruggle"(Rancièrelb:)withoutignoring,inotherwords,thefactthattheparticularlivesandstrugglesofworkersrarelymatchthecategoriesofpoliticalphilosophy,sociology,orrevolutionarythe'yAmongmanyotherthings,thisefforttomaintainthepossibilityofemancipationandrevoItwhilekeepingone'searsopentothevoicesofdefiniteworkers(notphilosophicalcategories)entailsasteadfastrefusaItofindinhistorymere"lessons"forcontemporarypoliticalprograms(Rancièrelb:)Rancière'scareerlongrefusaIofthecategory"thepureproletarian"alwaysremainstiedtohisunderstandingofhistory,ontheonehand,andtohisradicalconceptionofpedagogy,ontheotherAquotationfromtheeditorialcollectiveofLesrévolteslogiquescapturestheseconnections:atmost,historyteachesusto"recognizethemomentofachoice,oftheunforeseeable,todrawfromhistoryneitherlessons,nor,exactly,explanations,buttheprincipleofavigilancetowardwhatthereisthatissingularineachcalltoorderandineachconfrontation"(Rancièreetal:quotedinRoss:andRoss:)Historyshowsusthatachoicehasbeenmade,buthistory'srealteachingliesindemonstratingthatsuchachoicecanneverbe"explained"posthoc(andsUl'elyneverpredictedbeforehand)Welearnfromhistoryavigilancetowardthesingular,acapacitytosensethat"somethingishappening"AsweshaHsee,amomentofhappeningmightserveasanothernamefor"politics"inRancière'sunorthodoxandpolemicalaccountMoreover,asKristinRossputsitinherownglossonthispassage,"Tohappen,eventsmustbeperceivedandacknowledgedassuch"(Ross:)This,then,givesussorneindicationofthelessonswemightlearnfromRancière:first,anemphasisonthevigilancethathistoryteaches(andconcomitantlyanattentivenesstohistoryitself)second,acapacitytoperceiveandacknowledgeeventswhentheyhappentranslatethissecondlessonintoacapacityforsurpriseanunderstandingofpoliticsandhistorythatremainsopentotheverypossibility(theconstitutivenecessity,even)ofsurprisesForRancière,politicsisalwaysasurprise(seeArendtcfBeltrân:)INTRODUCTIONTostakesofthisitwouldcontrastitwithbetterknown,traditionalapproachestopolitiesTakeliberalpolitic

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