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首页 高考语法专题辅导-情景交际

高考语法专题辅导-情景交际.doc

高考语法专题辅导-情景交际

OY_OhYee
2013-02-22 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《高考语法专题辅导-情景交际doc》,可适用于高中教育领域

嘉兴英语教学网wwwjxenglishcom收集整理欢迎使用【专题十】情景交际【考点分析】日常交际应答语①应答对方的感谢②应答对方的道歉③应答对方的劝告和建议④应答对方的请求⑤应答对方的要求⑥应答对方的邀请⑦应答对方的祝愿、祝贺⑧应答对方的鼓励和赞扬⑨应答对方的帮助。情感态度的表达①表示惊奇②表示同情③表示安慰④表示鼓励⑤表示同意⑥表示不同意⑦表示不在乎。日常交际问答①问候②问时间、日期③打电话④购物⑤问路。几个常考的交际用语①Italldepends!(视情况而定)②whatif(倘若会怎么样)③Whatfor(做什么用为什么)④Sowhat(那又怎么样)⑤Gotit!(明白了)⑥Takeyourtime(别着急)⑦Takeiteasy(放松点)⑧It’supto…(由……决定)。【知识点归纳】I日常交际应答语感谢与应答感谢ThankyouverymuchThanksalotManythanks应答That'sallrightThanksforhelpingmeYou'rewelcomeThat'sOKNotatallIt’smypleausreDon’tmentionitIt’snothingThinknothingofitForgetit道歉与应答道歉I'msorryI'msorrytotroubleyouI’msorrytohavekeptyouwaiting应答Itdoesn'tmatterIt'snotimportantThat'sIt’snothingNotatallNevermindThat’sallrightForgetitThat’sOKNoproblemNottoworry劝告、建议与应答劝告和建议Ithinkyououghtto…我想你应该……IfIwereyou,I’d…如果我是你我会……Itmightbeagoodideaifyou…如果你……这倒是个好主意。Haveyoueverthoughtof…你是否想过要……?Irecommendthat……我建议……Istronglyadviseyouto……我极力主张你……Youreallyoughtto……你的确应该……Personally,Ithinkyou’dbetter……依我看你最好……Whynotdo……为什么不……?Whydon’tyoudo……你为什么不……?Isuggestthat……我建议……Whataboutdoing…………怎么样?Howaboutdoing…………怎么样?Shallwe……我们去……好吗?Let’s……,shallwe让我们去……好吗?Youneed(to)……你需要……应答肯定的:GoodideaThat’sgreatSoundsgreatItsoundsgreatThat’sfineWhynot否定的:I’dloveto,but…I’mafraid…It’sanidea,but…请求与应答请求MayICanI?CouldIDoyoumindifI…应答肯定的:WithpleasureCertainly(Ofcourse)Sure,goaheadYes,helpyourselfOfCoursenot,goahead(回答DoyoumindifI…的请求)否定的:I’mafraidnotBetternotI’dratheryoudidn’t应答对方的要求肯定的:AllrightIwill否定的:NowayForgetitDoremembertocallmeupwhenyouarriveIwillIthinkyoushouldphoneJennyandsaysorrytoherNowayItwasherfault邀请与应答邀请Wouldyouliketo…Whydon’twe…应答肯定的:ThatwouldbefineTha’sverykindofyouAllrightYes,I’dloveto否定的:I’dloveto,but…Sorry,Ican’tI’mafraidIcan’t祝愿、祝贺与应答祝愿、祝贺Goodluck!BestwishestoyouHaveanicegoodtimejourneyCongratulations!HappyNewYear!MerryChristmas!Happybirthdaytoyou应答Thankyou!ThesametoyouYou,tooHappyNewYear!(MerryChristmas!)Thesametoyou(You,too)鼓励、赞扬与应答鼓励、赞扬VerygoodWelldoneWonderfulExcellentComeonKeeptryingYoucandoit应答ThankyouOKI’lltryitagain提供帮助与应答主动提供帮助时:CanIhelpyou?WhatcanIdoforyouWouldyoulikemetohelpyou?Doyouwantmeto…Letme…需要别人帮助时:YespleaseThankyouforyourhelpThanks不需要别人帮助时:NothankyouthankyouallthesameThat’sverykindofyou,but…II情感态度的表达表示惊奇ReallyHowcome(何以会……?为什么)Whatasurprise!Ohdear!Goodheavens!表示同情I’msorrytohearthatDon’tworryWhatapity!That’sreallyunluckyBadluckJustmyluck表示安慰Don’tworryDon’tbeafraidTakeyourtimeTakeiteasyMakeyourselfathomeIt’squiteallrightIt’llbeOK表示鼓励ComeonCheerupYoucandoitYouwillmakeit表示同意IquiteagreeIcouldn’tagreemoreExactlyCertainlyAbsolutelyOfcourseAllrightThat’sagoodideaNoproblemIthinkso表示不同意NotreallyNotExactlyIdon’tquiteagreeIdon’tthinksoI’mafraidnotIt’shardtosayWell,that’sdependNowayOfcoursenot表示不在乎SowhatWhocaresIII日常交际问答问候①A:GoodmorningafternooneveningHelloHiHowdoyoudoNicetomeetyouB:答语与问候语相同。②A:HowareyouB:Fine,thankyouAndyouA:Verywell,thankyou问时间、日期A:WhatdayisitB:It'sMondayA:What'sthedateB:It'sJanthA:What'sthetime,pleaseB:It'sfiveo'clockhalfpastfiveIt'stimeto打电话Thisis…(speaking)我是……(不说Iam…)Itis…here我是……MayIspeakto…,please请找……接电话好吗?CanIspeakto…,please请找……接电话好吗?CouldIspeakto…,please请找……接电话好吗?I’dliketospeakto…,please请找……接电话好吗?Who’sthat(speakingcalling)你是谁?(不说Whoareyou)Isthat…(speaking)你是……吗?Is…there……在吗?Is…in……在吗?Holdon,please请稍等。Holdtheline,please请稍等。CanItakeamessage你可以留个口信吗?(对方要找的人不在时)Canyougiveleaveamessage你可以留个口信吗?(对方要找的人不在时)CanCouldIaskwhoiscalling请问您是哪位?MayIhaveyourtelephonenumber您的电话号码是多少?购物WhatcanIdoforyou您要买点什么?CanIhelpyou 您要买点什么?What’sthepriceof………的价钱是多少?Howmuchis………多少钱?It’swellworththemoney很合算。Haveyougotanythingalittlecheaper有没有比这便宜点的?Howmuchdoesitcometo总共多少钱?Howmuchisitaltogether总共多少钱?Tryitforsize试试大小。Willyoushowme…请拿给我看……?Haveyougotany…你们有……吗?It’sabittoolarge(small,plaingaudyetc)forme这对于我来说太大(太小太素太花哨等)了。That’sfineI’lltakeit那好我买了。That’stooexpensive,I’mafraid恐怕那太贵了。Whatcolourdoyouwant你要什么颜色?Whatsizedoyouwant你要什么尺寸的?Doyouhaveanyotherkind你们有别的种类吗?问路ExcusemeWhere’s…劳驾……在什么地方?ExcusemeCanyoutellmethewayto…劳驾你能告诉我去……的路吗?HowcanIgetto…我怎样去……?Godownthisstreet顺着这条街走。Turnrightatthefirstcrossing在第一个十字路口向右拐。Turnleftatthesecondcrossing在第二个十字路口向左拐。It’sabout…metresfromhere离这里大约有……米。It’sonlyatenminutewalkfromhere走十分钟就到了。Gostraightaheadtillyousee…一直往前走直到你看见……IV建议和提醒交际用语要注意中西方的差异这点非常重要往往考生失分就在于忽视了中西方文化上的差异。交际用语的不仅在单选里考查听力里也有所涉及。所以平时做听力时也可以积累交际上的回答注意体味情景的含义。交际用语的复习不要刻意投入太多的时间把平时该掌握的掌握好就可以了!根据大纲的要求我们考生所要熟悉的功能意念部分包括:问候介绍告别感谢和应答祝愿、祝贺和应答邀请和应答提供(帮助等)和应答约会意原和希望请求、允许和应答同意和不同意喜好和厌恶决断和坚持判断和意见职责能力偏爱责备和抱怨肯定和不肯定禁止和警告可能和不可能预见、猜测和相信请求劝告和建议许诺提醒表示焦虑表示惊奇表示喜悦等三十余项。以及所要熟悉的情景场所部分的对话:包括谈论天气购物问路和应答问时间、日期和应答就餐打电话传递信息看病求救语言困难标志和说明等十余项。同时解题时要做到“四忌”一忌上词下用上词下用指的是答句部分延用了题干句子的重点词、信息词按表层意思似乎合情合理但往往为错误的“虚像”需经进一步分析后才能确定正确选项。典型的例子如用“Idon’t”应答“Don’tforgettocometomybirthdaypartytomorrow”用“Don’tbesorry”回答“I’msorryIbrokeyourmirror”以及用“Nothanks”回答“Thankyoueversomuchforthebookyousentme”避免“上词下用”的误区一是确认题目涉及的交际功能项目二是确认句子上下文语境三是确认正确的话语方式。请看下例:IwonderifIcoulduseyourtelephoneAIwonderhowBIdon’twonderCSorryit’soutoforderDNowonder,hereitis解析:尽管该题中反复出现“wonder”一词但通过仔细审题可确定其考查的功能项目为征求对方意见问句相当于“CouldIuseyourtelephone”综合语境和话题的分析正确的答话方式一般为“Ofcourseyoucan”(肯定)或“Sorry,youcan’t”(否定)也只有C项符合题意A、B、D项均属典型的“上词下用”现象而且D项中的“Nowonder”意思为“难怪”更是和题干内容相差甚远。二忌中文思维与上词下用比较这一误区更具迷惑力因为无论按题目内容或是按思维方式来考虑都非常符合中国学生的习惯。显然掌握英汉两种语言和文化之间的相同和相异之处对于准确解题至关重要。考生解题失误之一是按汉语的表达方式和结构去套英语去选答案这属于语言知识的“负迁移”。请看下例:Doyouthinkit’sgoingtorainovertheweekendAIdon’tbelieveBIdon’tbelieveitCIbelievenotsoDIbelievenot解析:以Doyouthink…这样的句子来提问用D项来回答表示否定显然不符合中文的表达习惯这也正是许多考生选了A、B、C项的原因。另一个更常见的失误是套用中国文化模式。违背英语国家的思维方式和文化习俗这属于文化方面的“负迁移”。三忌直接回绝这主要是指在对方要求得到帮助提出请求或邀请时回答过于直接不够委婉尽管从语义角度分析是没毛病的但不符合英语国家的交际习惯。“请求”方面的问话有MayI…CanI…IwonderifIcould…DoyoumindifI…等“邀请”方面的问话有Willyou…Wouldyouliketo…I’dliketoinviteto…等。在作否定回答时为了表示礼貌和委婉通常要用一些委婉词如but,I’mafraid,I’msorry,thanks,please,hadbetter等。请看下例:Ididn’tknowthiswasaonewaystreet,officerAThat’sallrightBIdon’tbelieveyouCHowdareyousaythatDSorry,butthat’snoexcuse解析:许多考生有可能选B、C项这是没有注意到西方人生活、工作中交往的必要礼节答话时过于生硬没有顾及他人感情而正确答案D项正是在充分考虑到说话双方的身份彼此之间的关系以及说话人的立场和态度的基础上做出的选择。四忌答非所问应该说答非所问的错误比较容易察觉如果问话与答话的内容风牛马不相及的话考生可以迅速排除。但有时双方会话内容有所关联但仔细推敲发现其实答语并不切题。最典型的例子是Withpleasure和It’sapleasure。前者一般在事前回答表示“非常愿意”。后者一般在事后回答表示“不用客气”。请看下例:Sorry,Icouldn'tcometothepartyIwassickthatdayAIdon'tknowthatBThat'sallrightCYes,we'llhaveanotherpartyDNo,thepartywasn'theld解析:A、C和D三项均明显地答非所问与问句无关只有D项能够作出直接的答复。【高考预测】CBThisfreegiftdoesn'tlookgood,madam,butifyouwantgoodquality,youhavetopayforitANoproblemBNodoubtCNooffenceDNowayDWasyesterday’spartyagreatsuccessTom,whoisagoodmixer,didn’tshowupANotsurprisinglyBNotnecessarilyCNotexactlyDNotreallyCACanIgetyouacupofcoffeeAWithpleasureBYoucanpleaseCThat’sveryniceofyouDThankyouforthecoffeeBI’msoanxiousaboutmydrivingtesttomorrowWouldyoupleasegivemesomeadviceI’msureyouaregoodenoughtopassitBeconfidentofyourselfAAbsolutelyBTakeiteasyCYouarerightDNotreallyAYoushouldn’thavetakenpicturesbeforethecarvedstonesAPardonmeBYes,IwillCNevermindDDon’tmentionitDPleasetellBrucehehaswonthefirstprizeinthemathscontest!HeneverdidsowellbeforeACongratulationsBGoodluckCThat’srightDWhatagoodsurpriseDTom,Igotastrangecallthismorning,sayingIhadwonanexpensivecar,whichpuzzledmeACongratulationsBYouarealuckydogCForgetitIt’stooexpensiveDPerhapsit’satrickBDon’tyouagreewithwhathesaidYes!Itcan’tbe.AapproximatelybetterBabsolutelybetterCrelativelyworseDfortunatelyworseBI’dliketoinviteyoutomynewhousethisSundayAOh,noLet’snotBI’mverysorry,butIhaveotherplansCI’dratherstayathomeDOh,noThat’llbetoomuchtroubleBSorry,PeterI’mafraidthatIcan’tgotothecrosstalkshowbyGuoDegangwithyou!WhoknowswhenhewillcomeherenexttimeATakeiteasyBWhatashameCItdoesn’tmatterDDoasyoulikeDDoyoumindmysmokinghere!ANo,thanksBNoGoodideaCYes,pleaseDYesBetternotDTom,wouldyouliketocometoourdinnerpartyAYes,IwouldBSure,it’smypleasureCNo,Ican’tcomeDYes,withpleasureAMynameisJackSmithHi!I’mJacksonAHowdoyoudoBNicetomeetyouagainCHowaboutyouDHowareyouCHergrandpapassedawayyesterdayAHowdoyoulikeitBHewasakindmanCSorrytohearthatDWhatshallwedoCShallwegotherenextSundayToseethefootballmatchAWhatwithBWhatbyCWhatforDWhatonDIsthereanythingIcandoforyousirAPerhapsGoaheadBNoTakeyourtimeCYesYou'rewelcomeDNotnowThanksanywayCSorry,Ican'tgocampingwithyouIhavetopreparewellenoughfortheentranceexam!WecancamptogethernexttimeADon'tsaysoBCongratulationsCGoodluckDNoproblemDI’mgoingtotraveltoSydneyWouldyoupleasetellmeaboutyourexperiencesthereLet’sdiscussitoverlunchAGoaheadBItjustdependsCThat’swonderfulDByallmeansDShallIbeginthelectureI’mafraidwehavetowaitforawhileJohniscomingwithamicrophoneIcandowithoutthemicrophoneAI’msorryBExcusemeCIbegyourpardonDNevermindCWillhebebackbytentonightNo,AIthinknotsoBI’mnotafraidCI’mafraidnotDIdon’thopesoATom,youaresmokingagainIt’snoneofyourbusinessASowhatBHowcomeCWhynotDWhatforBYoumustobeyeverywordofmine!一Idon’tAHowaboutBWhatifCSowhatDwhataboutBDoremembertochargethebatteryhourswhenyoufirstuseit.AMadeitBGotitCUnderstooditDRemembereditCWhatkindofdancingdoyoulikeIfit’srockmusicI’lldodiscoandifit’sromanticmusicI’lldoballetApardonBIcan’ttellyouCItalldependsDNotexactlyCDoyouthinkIshouldjointhesinginggroup,MaryIfIwereinyourshoes,IcertainlywouldANoneofyourbusinessBItdependsCWhynotDIdon’tthinksoAIsthereanythingwrongwithmyheartNothingseriousATakeiteasyBCheerupCNowayDWhatapityDExcuseme,couldyoupleasesparemeafewminutestoexplainthisSorry,butImustgotoameetingnow..AThanksalotBWhatapityCIamsorrytohearthatDThanksanywayCWhoseadvicedoyouthinkIshouldfollowANoproblemBComeonCIt’suptoyouDWell,that’slifeBCanyouturndowntheradio,pleaseAOh,IknowBI'msorryIdidn'trealizeitwasthatloudCI'llkeepitdownnexttimeDPleaseforgivemeCI’mnotgoodatbasketball,youknowWe’replayingforfunJusttryandyou’llseeyoucandoitAWell,itdependsBTakeyourtimeCComeon!DThat’sOKDShallIgiveyouahandwiththisasyouaresobusynowThankyouAOfcourseyoucanBIfyoulikeCIt’suptoyouDItcouldn’tbebetterBIcan’tfinishthepaperuntiltomorrow,I’mafraidThat’sOK,there’sAnoproblemBnohurryCnodoubtDnowonderBWouldyoulikeanothercupofteaThanks,AbutwhynotBbutI’drathernotCandI’dlikenotDandI’drathernotDI’mafraidIcan’tfinishthebookwithinthisweekAPleasegoaheadBThat’srightCNotatallDTakeyourtimeBI'mnotgoodatsingingyouknowIt'sjustforfunANoproblemBComeon!CWhatapity!DCheerupAMichaelwaslateforMrSmith’soralclassthismorningAsfarasIknow,henevercamelatetoclassAHowcomeBSowhatCWhynotDWhatforDHi,MrYu,Iwanttobuyapen,butIhappentohavenomoneywithmeCouldyoulendmesomeAThat’sfineBNothingseriousCNevermindDNoproblemBCouldyoupleasetellmetheanswertothisquestion!ItisnotmystyletohelppeoplecheatANoproblemBNowayCNotatallDNodoubtCLet’sgohikingthisafternoon,OkANotatallBNevermindCWhynotDWhatofitBThetoastbreadisreallydeliciousCanIhaveasecondpieceABehaveyourselfBHelpyourselfCDoityourselfDGoaheadifyoudon’tmindCWhydon’tyoutakeataxithereIt’llsaveyoualotoftimeAThankyouanyway!BYes,let’sCGoodidea!DThat’sallrightDTheWHOexpertpointsoutthattheHNfluremainsaconstantthreattothehealthstateofthewholeworldIt’sreallyaseriousproblemfacingusASorry,butIcantBNo,IagreewithyouCItsoundsagoodideaDIcan’tagreemoreCIwaslateforworkthismorningYoustartedearly,didn’tyouAWhynotBSowhatCHowcomeDNevermindDShallIbeginthelecture-Iafraidwehavetowaitforawhile.Johniscomingwithamicrophone.-Icandowithoutthemicrophone.AI'msorryBExcusemeCIbegyourpardonDNevermindCHowareyougettingonwithyourworkAThankyouBFine,thankyouCQuitewell,thankyouDWhydoyouasksoCShallwegooutforadrinktonightAYouarerightBItmustbefunnyCThatsoundsgreatDHaveanicetimeBWouldyoumindifIopenedthewindowInfact,IwasgoingtosuggestyouitAYesnotdidBNotatalldoCMoreorlessdidDOfcoursedoBThankyouverymuchforhelpingmeoutoftrouble,BobAWithpleasureBDon’tmentionitCThat’srightDIhopesoCCanItakeaweek’sholiday,SirwearetoobusyatpresentADon’tworryBDon’tmentionitCForgetitDNoproblemADon’tinterruptmewhileI’mexplainingtheproblemstoyouAAllrightgoaheadBIt’smypleasureCOfcoursewithpleasureDNotatall【参考答案】CDCBADDBBBDDACCDCDDCABBCCADCBCDBBDBADBCBCDCDCCBBCA第页共页

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