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首页 电影赏析(美丽心灵).ppt

电影赏析(美丽心灵).ppt

电影赏析(美丽心灵).ppt

上传者: xwj112 2013-02-18 评分 4.5 0 74 10 335 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《电影赏析(美丽心灵)ppt》,可适用于影视/动漫领域,主题内容包含《美丽心灵》(ABeautifulMind)《美丽心灵》(ABeautifulMind)导演:朗霍华德RonHoward主演:罗素克洛RusselC符等。

《美丽心灵》(ABeautifulMind)《美丽心灵》(ABeautifulMind)导演:朗霍华德RonHoward主演:罗素克洛RusselCrowe珍尼弗康纳利JenniferConnelly类型:传记  剧情  悬疑级别:PG发行:环球(美国)梦工场(国际)首映:年月日本片荣获项奥斯卡提名最终夺得届(年)奥斯卡最佳影片、最佳导演、最佳改编剧本和最佳女配角项大奖。PlotPlotABeautifulMindisaAmericanbiographical(传记)filmaboutthetruestoryofJohnNash,oneofthegreatgeniusesofthethcentury,whowasfamousforbothhistheoriesinmath,andforthefactthathesufferedfromschizophrenia(精神分裂症)ThemoviefollowsNash’samazinglifefromthetimehearrivesatPrincetonUniversityasayoung,brilliantandnoticeablyodd(古怪的)WestVirginiamathstudent,untilhislifeasanoldmanwhohaswontheNobelPrizeOvertheyears,hebecomesrecognizedasauniqueintellectwhosetheorieshavegreatlyinfluencednotonlymathematics,butvariousotheracademicareasfromeconomicstobiologyAndasofthiswritingin,Nashisstillalive,andstillteachesatPrincetonThefocusofthismovieisonNash’sstrugglewiththeterribleillnessofschizophrenia,whichbegantoeffecthimwhileastudentatPrincetonintheearlysAfterward,hisbrillianceledtoateachingandresearchpositionattheprestigiousMassachusettsInstituteofTechnology(MIT),theworldfamousuniversityinBostonThere,Nash’sdiseasebegantogrowworse,butfortunatelyforhim,itwasalsoatMITthathemetAlicia,abrilliantmathstudentofherownThetwofellinlove,andwhileAliciadidnotdiscoverhisillnessuntilaftertheymarried,oncesherealizedhowsickherhusbandwas,shedidallshecouldtotakecareofhim,herself,andtheirnewsonWithgreatdetermination,JohnNashwasabletosuccessfullyfightbackfromthedelusionsthatarealargepartofschizophrenia,andwhileheneverwasabletogetridofthediseasecompletely,hebecameanhonoredmemberofthePrincetoncommunityInsomeways,hislifeisatrulyfascinatingwindowonthestillunclearrelationshipbetweengeniusandmadness剧情简介:《美丽心灵》是一部关于一个真实天才的极富人性的剧情片。故事的原型是数学家小约翰福布斯纳什(JrJohnForbesNash)。英俊而又十分古怪的纳什早年就做出了惊人的数学发现开始享有国际声誉。但纳什出众的直觉受到了精神分裂症的困扰使他向学术上最高层次进军的辉煌历程发生了巨大改变。面对这个曾经击毁了许多人的挑战纳什在深爱着的妻子艾丽西亚(Alicia)的相助下毫不畏惧顽强抗争。经过了几十年的艰难努力他终于战胜了这个不幸并于年获得诺贝尔经学奖。这是一个真人真事的传奇故事今天纳什继续在他的领域中耕耘着。妙词佳句活学活用妙词佳句活学活用Hansen'sallbentBent这里的意思是“upset沮丧”所以这句话就是说“Hansenisveryupset”setone'ssightson这个片语的意思是“haveasagoal目标打算”比如:She'ssethersightsonlawschool她想进法学院学习。thinktank智囊团就是agroupororganizationdedicatedtoproblemsolvingandresearch,especiallyinsuchareasastechnology,socialorpoliticalstrategy,andthemilitary比如:Thecongressionalleadersrelytooheavilyonthatconservativethinktank国会领导者对那个保守的智囊团太过依赖了。NeilsherebrokeaJapcode这里的break是“破解”的意思“破译密码”就是breakacode。ridoneself(someonesomething)of这个表达的意思是“摆脱驱除除去解除”比如:Hewasfinallyabletoridhimselfofallfinancialworries他终于能使自己摆脱所有的财务忧虑。strongsuit意思是“aquality,activity,orskillinwhichapersonexcels长处强项优点”比如:ForeignpolicywasthePresident‘sstrongsuit外交政策是总统的强项。nonlinearequation非线性方程slowmotion这个词组的意思就是我们在电影中经常看到的“慢动作”我们来看个例子:Theemptycarrolleddownthehillinslowmotionandnobodycoulddoanythingtostopit这辆空车极其缓慢地从山丘上滑下来但没有人能阻止住它。strikeout这个动词短语这里的意思是指“(ofapersonoreffort)tofail失败”比如:Hisnexttwobusinessventuresstruckout他接下来两次贸易投机都失败了。havetheupperhandUpperhand是指“优势有利地位上风”也写作whiphand。比如:OnceyouletJeffgettheupperhandthere'llbenostoppinghim一旦你让杰夫得逞他就没完了。coldshoulder意思是“deliberatecoldnessordisregard,aslightorsnub冷遇冷淡轻视”我们来看个例子:WhenIsaidhellotoherinthelibrary,shegavemethecoldshoulderandwalkedaway在图书馆我和她打招呼她反应冷淡、走开了。paynomind意思是“不要理睬不理会”比如:Ipaynomindtohisinsults我不理会他的侮辱。电影中的这句话就可以翻译为:SoIshouldn‘tpaynomindifyou’remeantome所以如果你对我不好我不应计较。takein这里的意思是“admit,receiveasaguestoremployee接纳接受”可以引申为“收留收容”比如:offeredtotakeintwooftheorphanedchildren他们提出要收留这些孤儿中的两个。blackbagtopsecret,confidentialblackops"Blackops"isshorthandfor"blackoperations,"activitiesthatcannotbelinkedtotheorganizationthatundertakesthem也就是指“秘密行动”。guestlecture嘉宾讲座holdit意思是“等一等”这里可以翻译成“站住”。avoidascene直译为“回避某一场面”这里的意思是“避免某种场面出现”比如吵闹、打架什么的。例子:Davidwantedtoreturntheinsult,buthebithislipinordertoavoidascene戴维本想对此侮辱进行报复但他还是忍住了免得当众吵闹。holdup有很多用法这里表示的是“continuetofunctionwithoutlosingforceoreffectiveness坚持维持继续”比如:Weheldupthroughthatlongbitterwinter我们挺过了那个漫长寒冷的冬天。chiefJohnNash做过Sol的头所以这里可以理解为“老大”。nopointin这个表达的意思是“做……没有意义”There'snopointinbeingnutsifyoucan'thavealittlefun如果你不能找点乐趣的话做疯子就没啥意义了。这里的nuts是形容词表示“发疯的发狂的”。bestuckwith俚语意思是“被……缠住无法摆脱,遇到困难无法进行下去”例如:Ifyoulose,you'llbestuckwithafatdebt如果你失败了你会负债累累的。goeasy这是安抚别人常用的表达意思是“慢慢来冷静点别紧张”等等我们来看个例子:Goeasy,dear,there'snothingtogetexcitedabout冷静些亲爱的没有什么可以紧张的。saviorcomplex意思是“救世主情节”因为Hansen看到他的时候吃惊的说了句“JesusChrist(天啊)!”Nash就开玩笑地说“我不是耶稣基督。我的救世主情节是完全不同的形式。”这部电影中的Nash是个很幽默的人时而开点玩笑。Complex这个词表示“情节”各种各样的情节有:theinferioritycomplex自卑感自卑情结thesuperioritycomplex自豪感优越情结Electracomplex恋父情结Oedipuscomplex恋母情结takeon这里的takeon表示“呈现toacquire(anappearance,forexample)asorasifone'sown假装”比如:Overtheyearshehastakenonthelookofabanker这些年来他摆出了一副银行家的派头IsthereanychancethatyoucouldignorewhatIjustdidIsthereanychance(that…)表示“有没有可能……”比如:Isthereanychanceofmeetingtheprofessor有可能见见这位教授吗?这句话也可以简化成“Anychanceofmeetingtheprofessor”.Whatareoldfriendsfor这句话本来是“Whatarefriendsfor”因为Nash和Hansen认识多年所以Hansen就说“Whatareoldfriendsfor”“Whatarefriendsfor”意思是“朋友本来就是这样的”表面上这是一个问句问“朋友是做什么的”但其实它是一个陈述句。当你的朋友对你表达感激之情的时候中文里我们会回答说“为朋友两肋插刀是应该的”而在英文里就是Whatarefriendsfor了。例如:A:ThanksforkeepinganeyeonmyplantswhileIwasoutoftown非常感谢你在我不在的时候帮我照顾我的植物。B:Hey,whatarefriendsfor嘿朋友就应该是这样的。hangaround意思是“tospendtimeidlyloiter闲荡”比如:Everyafternoontheycouldbefoundhangingaroundthemall每天下午都有人发现他们在商场闲逛。elbowout这是一个非常形象地表达如果你总觉得自己的英文没有文采就该注意这些表达了。Elbow本意是“胳膊肘”这里用作动词表示“用肘推”比如:Heelbowedmeoutoftheway他把我挤开了。toelbowone'swaythroughacrowd从人群中挤过去Heelbowedhiswaythroughthecrowdtowardstherostrum他用肘推着从人群中向讲坛挤过去。It'salottoask“这个要求太过分了经典名句经典名句nash获诺贝尔奖后的演讲感人至深Nash:ThankyouI‘vealwaysbelievedinnumbersandtheequationsandlogicsthatleadtoreason我一直相信数字。不管是方程式或逻辑学都引导我们去思考。Butafteralifetimeofsuchpursuits,Iask,"WhattrulyislogicWhodecidesreason"但经过终生的追求我问自己“逻辑到底是什么谁去决定原由?”Myquesthastakenmethroughthephysical,themetaphysical,thedelusionalandback我的探索让我从形而下到形而上最后到了妄想症就这样来回走了一趟。AndIhavemadethemostimportantdiscoveryofmycareer,themostimportantdiscoveryofmylife:Itisonlyinthemysteriousequationsoflovethatanylogicorreasonscanbefound在事业上我有了最重大的突破在生命中我也找到了最重要的人只有在这神秘的爱情方程式中才能找到逻辑或原由来。I‘monlyheretonightbecauseofyou(hiswife,Alicia)今晚我能站在这里全是你的功劳。YouarethereasonIamYouareallmyreasonsThankyou你是我成功的因素也是唯一的因素。谢谢你!背景知识背景知识ABriefNoteonSchizophrenia:Manypeopleusedtothinkthatschizophreniawasamentaldiseasemarkedby"splitpersonality,"whichexistswhenonepersonseemstohavetwoormorecompletelydifferentpersonalitiesInfact,mostpeoplewhohavethismentalillnessdonothave thatcondition,buttheydosufferfromsuchthingsasinabilitytothinkclearly,manageemotions,makedecisions,orrelatetoothersMostseriously,schizophrenicscansufferfromhallucinations("seeingthingsthatdon’treallyexist"),aswellasafundamentalandunpleasantchangeinhowtheyexperiencebasicemotions,incomingsensationsandeventhemselvesInshort,thisisaterribleillnessthatcantakeawayaperson’sabilitytoleadanormallife,thoughfortunately,ithasbecomemoreandmoretreatableABriefNoteonPrincetonandMIT: ABriefNoteonPrincetonandMIT: MostofthefilmcentersaroundJohn’slifeattwoofthebestUniversitiesintheUnitedStatesPrincetonislocatedinthesmalltownofPrinceton,NewJersey,aboutanhourfromNewYorkCityWhenJohnarrivedasayoungstudentinthelate’s,AlbertEinsteinwasstillaprofessorthere(Hediedin,havingbeenatPrincetonfornearlyyears)TheMassachusettsInstituteofTechnology,knownbymostasMIT,isperhapsthemostprestigiousschooloftechnologyandappliedsciencesintheworld(Inthefilm,JohntaughtforafewyearsatadefensedepartmentcenteratMITcalledtheWheelerInstitute)MITislocatedjustminutesfromHarvardUniversity,inBoston,Massachusetts,whichprobablyhasmoreexcellentuniversitiesthananycityintheworldNashequilibrium纳什均衡Nashequilibrium纳什均衡Ingametheory,theNashequilibrium(namedafterJohnForbesNash,whoproposedit)isasolutionconceptofagameinvolvingtwoormoreplayers,inwhichnoplayerhasanythingtogainbychangingonlyhisorherownstrategyaloneIfeachplayerhaschosenastrategyandnoplayercanbenefitbychanginghisorherstrategywhiletheotherplayerskeeptheirsunchanged,thenthecurrentsetofstrategychoicesandthecorrespondingpayoffsconstituteaNashequilibrium纳什均衡Nashequilibrium又称为非合作博弈均衡是博弈论的一个重要术语是纳什发现的以他的名字命名。它的含义是这样的:假设有n个局中人参与博弈给定其他人策略的条件下每个局中人选择自己的最优策略(个人最优策略可能依赖于也可能不依赖于他人的战略)从而使自己效用最大化。所有局中人策略构成一个策略组合(StrategyProfile)。纳什均衡指的是这样一种战略组合这种策略组合由所有参与人最优策略组成。即在给定别人策略的情况下没有人有足够理由打破这种均衡。亚当•斯密AdamSmith亚当•斯密AdamSmithScottishphilosopherAdamSmithistheauthorofthebookAnInquiryintotheNatureandCausesoftheWealthofNations(《国富论》),aclassicofmoderneconomicsbelovedespeciallybyfreemarketadvocatesHebeganhisacademiccareerasaprofessoroflogicandmoralphilosophyinGlasgow(),butafterabouthewasfamouslypartoftheEdinburghintellectualcircleSmithgainedinternationalattentionforhisexaminationofsocietalethics(伦理),TheoryofMoralSentiments(情操),inwhichhearguedthatpeoplearenaturallyempathetic(同情的)tothosesufferingintheirmidst(amongthem)ButhisWealthofNationssecuredSmith'sfamethebooksoldoutfiveeditionsduringhislifetime,includingrevisedversionsinandHeiscreditedwithbeingthefirsttoexaminetheimportanceofthedivisionoflaborandworkerproductivity,andforadvancingtheideathatfreemarketsthriveonthebasisofmutualselfinterestAlthoughSmithwarnedagainstmonopolies(垄断)andmercantilism(重商主义),hisnotionthatmarketsaredriventowardthepublicgoodbyan“invisiblehand”hasmadehimavenerated(有名望的)figureamongfreemarketdoctrinaires(教条主义者)亚当•斯密(AdamSmith~)是英国古典政治经济学的主要代表人物之一。他的代表作《国富论》(全称《国民财富的性质和原因的研究》)被翻译成十几种文字全球发行。而他本人也因此被奉为现代西方经济学的鼻祖。《国富论》是一部划时代的巨著。它概括了古典政治经济学在形成阶段的理论成就最早系统地阐述了政治经济学的各个主要学说它标志着自由资本主义时代的到来。Thankyou

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