Subject：Cancel travelling to Beijing
I regret to tell you that I can't travel to Beijing together with you at the appointed time. I've caught a terrible cold after I swam in the East Lake yesterday.
This morning I had a headache. After taking my temperature, my mother found that I had a high fever. I was taken to see a doctor, who advised me to stay in bed for three days. nullHe also suggested that we put off the travelling to Beijng when I told him our plan. If only I hadn't swum in the lake! If only I weren't ill! So I will be enjoying the trip in the company of you, my best friend and introduce Chinese culture to you. Maybe we can make it sometime next month. Is that OK?
Best wishes to you!
1．official adj.官方的；正式的；公务的office n．办公室officer n．官员
3．native adj.本国的；本地的 n．本地人；本国人
5．base vt.以……为根据n.基部；基地；基础basic adj.基本的；基础的
6．gradual adj.逐渐的，逐步的gradually adv.逐渐地，逐步地null7．identityn.本身；本体；身份identical adj.相同的，一样的identify v．确定；认出；鉴定
8．fluent adj.流利的；流畅的fluently adv.流利地，流畅地fluency n．流利，流畅
9．frequent adj.频繁的；常见的frequently adv.常常；频繁地frequency n．频率；频度
10．usage n．使用；用法；词语惯用法useful adj.有用的use n. & v．使用，利用
11．command n. & vt.命令；指令；掌握commander n．指挥员，司令员null12．request n．& vt.请求；要求
13．expression n．词语；表示；表达express v．表达expressive adj.富于表情的；有表现力的
14．recognize vt.辨认出；承认；公认recognizable adj.容易认出的；易于识别的recognition n．认出；认识；识别
17．straight adv.直接地；挺直地 adj.直的；笔直的；正直的
1．because of 由于；因为
2．come up 走近；上来
3．at present 现在；目前
4．make use of 利用
5．such as 例如……；像这种的
6．play a part in 扮演一个角色；参与
7．ever before 从前null8．even if/though 即使
9．be based on 以……为基础
10．over time 长期以来
11．in the early days 在早期
12．the same as 相同于nullⅢ.重点句型
1．Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don't speak the same kind of English.以英语为母语的人，即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同，也可以相互交流。
2．It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.当时的英语更多是以德语为基础，而我们今天所说的英语不是。
3．Believe it or not,_there is no such thing as standard English.信不信由你，(世界上)没有什么标准英语。
nullnull重点单词null提示：在base ...on ...短语中，base为及物动词，主动语态中，base后应有宾语，否则base应用被动形式，即be based on结构。
The film is_based_on a novel by Sinclair Lewis.
这部电影取材于辛克莱刘易斯的小说。nullnullThe army is under_the_king's_command.
She has_a_good_command_of the German language.
He commanded us to_leave immediately.
＝He commanded that we should_leave immediately.
他命令我们马上离开。nullnull These materials are in_great_request.
She made_a_request_for some water.
May I request your attention?
I request (of him) that he should_leave.
Visitors are requested not_to_touch the paintings.
游客不许动油画。nullnullI recognized Mary by her voice on the phone.
Lawrence's novel was eventually recognized_as/to_be a work of genius.
It_is_recognized_that environment pollution has become one of the most serious problems.
人们一致认为环境污染已经成了最严重的问题之一。null辨析：recognize, know, realize
Although they hadn't met for 10 years, they recognized each other at first sight.
I have known him for ten years. But I didn't recognize him just now because he has changed so much.
He didn't realize his mistake until his mother told him.
直到妈妈告诉他，他才认识到自己的错误。nullnullA straight line is the shortest distance between two points.两点之间直线最短。
It's time for some straight talking.
There was no wind. The smoke rose straight upward.
1．The film Curse of the Golden Flower was made ______ on Cao Yu's play Thunderstorm(《雷雨》)．
A．base B．to be based
解析：be based on意为“以……为基础”。本题中用分词短语based on作状语。null2．In order to have a good ______ of English, he determined to go abroad for further education.
解析：句意：为了更好地掌握英语，他决定到国外去深造。null3．Don't respond to any e－mails ______ personal information, no matter how official they look.
null4．Oprah(奥普拉), the queen of American daytime talk TV, is ______ one of the most powerful women in the world.
解析：句意：奥普拉，美国电视访谈节目女王，被公认为世界女强人之一。recognize意为“公认；辨认”；request意为“要求”；raise意为“提高”；recommend意为“推荐”。null5．A ______ road goes ______ from our college to the city center.
A．straight; straight B．straightly; straightly
C．straight; straightly D．straightly; straight
nullnullHe was absent not because_of his illness, but because his father died.
It was because_of_her that he had gone abroad.
He realized that she was crying because_of_what_he_had_said.他意识到她哭是因为他说的那些话的缘故。
Because_of_her_husband's_being_there,_I said nothing about her mistake.
I'll let you know if anything comes_up.(发生)
A child came_up to me and showed me the way to the station.(走近；走上来)
Your question came_up at the meeting.(被提出讨论)
The sky was dark blue and clear when the moon came_up.(升起)
The young trees have come_up.(发芽)
I came_up for an interview but didn't get the job.(到场)nullnullHow did it come_about that he knew where we were?
I came_across an old school friend in Oxford Street this morning.
今天早上我在牛津大街碰见一位老校友。nullnull We should make_good_use_of every minute to learn well.
Our factory is_making_increasing_use_of robots.
我们工厂正越来越多地使用机器人。nullnullNew printing techniques have recently come_into_use.
The map is_of_no_use — it does not show the minor roads.
How much do you know about the use that we have made_of the money？(句子中use作先行词，关系代词that代替use，在定语从句中作make的宾语。)
我们对钱的使用情况你了解多少？nullnullScience and technology plays_an_important_role/part_in developing agriculture.
He will play/act_the_role/part_of the doctor in my latest drama.
他将在我最新的戏里出演医生的角色。null注意：play a role/part in是“动词＋名词＋介词”构成的动词短语，这类短语有两个重要考点：(1)用名词作主语，用于被动句；(2)用名词作先行词，用于定语从句。类似短语有：make use of, pay attention to等。
1．The sport meeting, which we have been longing for, has been put off ______ the bad weather.
A．in case of B．in spite of
C．instead of D．because of
解析：考查介词短语。句意：我们一直盼望的运动会由于天气差已经被推迟了。because of意为“因为，由于”，符合题意。null2．I'll be late home tonight because something has just ______ at work.
A．come up B．come out
C．come over D．come across
解析：句意：因为工作中出了点事，今晚我要晚些回家。come up意为“出现”；come out意为“出版”；come over意为“过来”；come across意为“偶遇”。null3．The manager of the company told us that very little ______ was made of the waste material in the past.
解析：句意：公司经理告诉我们，过去废物利用很少。make use of意为“利用”，在此运用了它的被动语态。null4．The old professor told us that every part of the materials should be made use of ______ the station.
A．to build B．building
解析：make use of为固定搭配，意为“利用，使用”，该题中把make use of的宾语提前，不定式在句中充当目的状语。null5．(2011大连质检)She will tell us why she feels so strong that each of us has a role ______ in making the earth a better place to live on.
A．to have played B．to play
C．to be played D．to be playing
解析：本题主要考查动词不定式的时态和语态。从句意看，整个动作发生在将来，to play作a role的定语，其间存在着逻辑上的动宾关系，又与句中的each of us存在着逻辑上的主谓关系，故动词不定式用主动形式表示被动意义。动词不定式to play意指将来的动作；to have played意指已经完成的动作；to be playing则强调动词不定式动作正在发生。null经典句型
1．Native English speakers can understand each other even_if they don't speak the same kind of English. 以英语作为母语的人，即使他们所说的英语不尽相同，也可以相互交流。
句中 even if 相当于 even though, 意为“即使；尽管”，引导让步状语从句。even if/though 引导的从句中可用现在时代替将来时。
Even_if you don't like flowers, you shouldn't miss the flower exhibition.
We have decided to visit the museum even_if it rains tomorrow.
我们决定明天去参观博物馆，即使下雨。null拓展：(1)引导让步状语从句的引导词还有 although, though, no matter when/what ..., whenever, wherever, however 等。
Even_though you achieve great success in your work, you should not be conceited.
即使你们在工作中取得了巨大的成绩，也不应该自满。nullWhatever you do, do it well.
However hot it is, he won't take off his hat.
Girl as she is, she can go alone in the darkness.
null2．It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.当时的英国更多是以德语为基础，而我们今天所说的英语不是。
more ...than ...与其说……倒不如说……
He is more lazy than stupid.
I was more angry than worried when they didn't come home.
It had more the appearance of a diliberat crime than of an accident.
这件事表面上看起来像是故意犯罪，而不是事故。nullnullThey are more_than classmates. They are also close friends.
There are no_more_than 10 people in the classroom.
I'm no_richer_than you.
我和你一样穷。null3．Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. 信不信由你，(世界上)没有什么标准英语。
(1)believe it or not 信不信由你。常在句中作插入语。
(2)no such thing 没有这样的事情。such与 all, no, some, any, few, little, many, much, several, one 等词连用时，应位于它们的后面。nullBelieve_it_or_not,_he refused to accept our offer.
There is no_such_street in the city.
He said he didn't have time or made some_such_excuse.
1．Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, ______they knew it to be valuable.
A．as if B．now that
C．even though D．so that
解析：even though＝even if意为“即使”，引导让步状语从句。null2．—Tom is very stupid. He failed to pass the exam once again.
—He is ______ than stupid.
A．lazier B．no lazier
C．more lazy D．lazier rather
解析：more＋adj.＋than 意为“与其说……倒不如说……”。答句句意为：“与其说他笨倒不如说他懒。”null3．It took ______ building supplies to construct these energy－saving houses. It took brains, too.
A．other than B．more than
C．rather than D．less than
解析：考查短语辨析。句意：建造这些节能建筑不仅仅需要建筑材料，也需要“脑子”。other than意为“除了”；more than意为“不只是”；rather than意为“宁可”；less than意为“少于”。根据句意，这里选B项。null4．I'm amazed to hear from my school teacher again. ______， it is ten years since we met last.
A．In a word B．What's more
C．That's to say D．Believe it or not
解析：句意：想不到又一次收到学校老师的来信，信不信由你，我们上次见面还是在十年前。in a word意为“总之”；what's more意为“而且”；that's to say意为“也就是说”；believe it or not意为“信不信由你”。null5．As far as I know, there is ______ car in this neighborhood.
A．no such B．no a such
C．not such D．no such a
make full use of, play an important part in, come up, because of, at present, such as
1．The police are advising drivers to reduce speed ____________ the fog.
2．I have no enough material in hand ____________.
3．Oil must be ____________ to serve the people well.
4．I have a lot of close friends, ____________ Li Ming and Wang Fang.
5．A lot of advice ____________ at yesterday's meeting.null答案：1.because of 2.at present 3.made full use of 4.such as 5.came up
1．—May I open the window to let in some fresh air?
A．Come on！ B．Take care!
C．Go ahead! D．Hold on!
解析：根据语境可以知道：去开吧，去做吧。所以答案为C。容易误选A，come on的意思是“算了吧！加油！”null2．—Would you please help me with the box?
A．Yes, please B．No, please don't
C．With pleasure D．My pleasure
解析：考查情景交际。在英语中对于别人提出的请求帮助，通常用with pleasure(非常乐意)回答；my pleasure用来表示你帮对方做了某事后，别人向你表示感谢的用语，意思是“这是我乐意做的”。null3．—Do you want another drink?
A．I don't think so B．No way
C．Not at all D．I wouldn't say no
解析：考查情景交际。根据说话人的语气这是一个建议而非想法，可排除A；B项显得不礼貌，不合英语习惯；C项用来回答“Thank you”或“sorry”；D项委婉说法“我不愿意拒绝”，故选D项。null4．—We're organizing a party next Saturday, and I'd like you to come.
—______！ I have another one that day. Thank you just the same.
A．Good luck B．What a pity
C．Never do it again D．Well done
解析：考查交际用语。上句邀请对方，但下句由I have another one that day可以看出那天不能去，此处答语应该是委婉回绝，what a pity符合语境。null5．—Shall I give you a hand with this as you are so busy now?
—Thank you. ______.
A．Of course you can B．If you like
C．It's up to you D．It couldn't be better
解析：考查情景交际。It couldn't be better意为“再好不过了”。
1．Mrs. Smith warned her daughter ______ after drinking.
A．never to drive B．to never drive
C．never driving D．never drive
解析：warn sb. not/never to do sth.意为“警告某人不要干某事”，为固定搭配。null2．“Do close the door, please.” He said to his sister. He asked his sister ______ the door.
A．to close B．closed
解析：ask sb. to do sth.意为“要求/请求某人干某事”，为固定搭配，close前的do是为了加强语气。null3．I wonder ______.
Which of the following is not the right choice?
A．whether she will be fit for the job or not
B．whether or not she will be fit for the job
C．if she will be fit for the job
D．if or not she will be fit for the job
解析：句意：我想知道她是否适合那项工作。if引导宾语从句时不能和or not直接连用。null4．The teacher told us ______ so much noise.
A．don't make B．not make
C．not making D．not to make
解析：本题考查“tell sb. not to do sth.”这一结构。句意：老师叫我们不要吵闹。null5．The doctor asked the man ______ with him.
A．what the matter was B．what was the matter
C．what the matter is D．what is the matter
解析：句意：医生问那个男的怎么啦。What's the matter？本身就是陈述语序，无需改变。由主句的时态判断，应选B。