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1-2.ppt

1-2.ppt

上传者: shirnhb 2013-02-08 评分 3 0 45 6 203 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《1-2ppt》,可适用于表格/模板领域,主题内容包含考题回放:(山东卷)假设你是新华中学的学生李华你和在上海上学的英国朋友Tom约好下周末去北京旅游但你因故不能赴约。请根据以下要点用英语给他写封电子邮符等。

考题回放:(山东卷)假设你是新华中学的学生李华你和在上海上学的英国朋友Tom约好下周末去北京旅游但你因故不能赴约。请根据以下要点用英语给他写封电子邮件:.表示歉意.解释原因.另约时间。注意:词数~.可适当增加细节。佳作诵读:To:TomhotmailcomSubject:CanceltravellingtoBeijingDearTomIregrettotellyouthatIcan'ttraveltoBeijingtogetherwithyouattheappointedtimeI'vecaughtaterriblecoldafterIswamintheEastLakeyesterdayThismorningIhadaheadacheAftertakingmytemperature,mymotherfoundthatIhadahighfeverIwastakentoseeadoctor,whoadvisedmetostayinbedforthreedaysHealsosuggestedthatweputoffthetravellingtoBeijngwhenItoldhimourplanIfonlyIhadn'tswuminthelake!IfonlyIweren'till!SoIwillbeenjoyingthetripinthecompanyofyou,mybestfriendandintroduceChineseculturetoyouMaybewecanmakeitsometimenextmonthIsthatOKBestwishestoyou!YourstrulyLiHuaⅠ重点单词.officialadj官方的正式的公务的officen.办公室officern.官员.voyagen.航行航海.nativeadj本国的本地的n.本地人本国人.actuallyadv实际上事实上.basevt以……为根据n基部基地基础basicadj基本的基础的.gradualadj逐渐的逐步的graduallyadv逐渐地逐步地.identityn本身本体身份identicaladj相同的一样的identifyv.确定认出鉴定.fluentadj流利的流畅的fluentlyadv流利地流畅地fluencyn.流利流畅.frequentadj频繁的常见的frequentlyadv常常频繁地frequencyn.频率频度.usagen.使用用法词语惯用法usefuladj有用的usenv.使用利用.commandnvt命令指令掌握commandern.指挥员司令员.requestn.vt请求要求.expressionn.词语表示表达expressv.表达expressiveadj富于表情的有表现力的.recognizevt辨认出承认公认recognizableadj容易认出的易于识别的recognitionn.认出认识识别.accentn.口音腔调重音.lightningn.闪电.straightadv直接地挺直地adj直的笔直的正直的Ⅱ重点短语.becauseof        由于因为.comeup走近上来.atpresent现在目前.makeuseof利用.suchas例如……像这种的.playapartin扮演一个角色参与.everbefore从前.evenifthough即使.bebasedon以……为基础.overtime长期以来.intheearlydays在早期.thesameas相同于Ⅲ重点句型.NativeEnglishspeakerscanunderstandeachothereveniftheydon'tspeakthesamekindofEnglish以英语为母语的人即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同也可以相互交流。.ItwasbasedmoreonGermanthantheEnglishwespeakatpresent当时的英语更多是以德语为基础而我们今天所说的英语不是。.Believeitornot,thereisnosuchthingasstandardEnglish信不信由你(世界上)没有什么标准英语。重点单词提示:在baseon短语中base为及物动词主动语态中base后应有宾语否则base应用被动形式即bebasedon结构。ThefilmisbasedonanovelbySinclairLewis这部电影取材于辛克莱刘易斯的小说。Thearmyisundertheking'scommand军队由国王直接统率。ShehasagoodcommandoftheGermanlanguage她精通德语。Hecommandedustoleaveimmediately=Hecommandedthatweshouldleaveimmediately他命令我们马上离开。Thesematerialsareingreatrequest急需这些材料。Shemadearequestforsomewater她请求给点水。MayIrequestyourattention请你们注意一下好吗?Irequest(ofhim)thatheshouldleave我要求他离开。Visitorsarerequestednottotouchthepaintings游客不许动油画。IrecognizedMarybyhervoiceonthephone我在电话中根据声音辨认出是玛丽。Lawrence'snovelwaseventuallyrecognizedastobeaworkofgenius劳伦斯的小说最后被认为是天才的作品。Itisrecognizedthatenvironmentpollutionhasbecomeoneofthemostseriousproblems人们一致认为环境污染已经成了最严重的问题之一。辨析:recognize,know,realize()recognize指原来很熟悉经过一段时间的间隔或别的原因后又重新认出来是终止性动词。()know是延续性动词指相互间十分熟悉和了解。()realize作为及物动词可以表达“认识到了解实现完成”的意思。Althoughtheyhadn'tmetforyears,theyrecognizedeachotheratfirstsight虽然他们年没有见面了但是他们一眼就认出对方来了。IhaveknownhimfortenyearsButIdidn'trecognizehimjustnowbecausehehaschangedsomuch我认识他年了。但他变化如此大我刚才没有认出他来。Hedidn'trealizehismistakeuntilhismothertoldhim直到妈妈告诉他他才认识到自己的错误。Astraightlineistheshortestdistancebetweentwopoints两点之间直线最短。It'stimeforsomestraighttalking现在该开诚布公地谈谈了。TherewasnowindThesmokerosestraightupward因为没有风所以烟笔直地往上升。重点自测.ThefilmCurseoftheGoldenFlowerwasmadeonCaoYu'splayThunderstorm(《雷雨》).A.baseB.tobebasedC.basedD.basing答案:C解析:bebasedon意为“以……为基础”。本题中用分词短语basedon作状语。.InordertohaveagoodofEnglish,hedeterminedtogoabroadforfurthereducationA.commandB.needC.masterD.direction答案:A解析:句意:为了更好地掌握英语他决定到国外去深造。.Don'trespondtoanye-mailspersonalinformation,nomatterhowofficialtheylookA.searchingB.askingC.requestingD.questioning答案:C解析:句意:对于索取个人信息的邮件不论它们看起来多么正式都不要作出任何答复。search意为“搜”ask意为“问”request意为“要求请求”question意为“提问”。.Oprah(奥普拉),thequeenofAmericandaytimetalkTV,isoneofthemostpowerfulwomenintheworldA.raisedB.recognizedC.requestedD.recommended答案:B解析:句意:奥普拉美国电视访谈节目女王被公认为世界女强人之一。recognize意为“公认辨认”request意为“要求”raise意为“提高”recommend意为“推荐”。.AroadgoesfromourcollegetothecitycenterA.straightstraightB.straightlystraightlyC.straightstraightlyD.straightlystraight答案:A解析:straight既可用作形容词也可用作副词没有straightly这个词。Hewasabsentnotbecauseofhisillness,butbecausehisfatherdied他缺席不是因为他生病而是因为他父亲去世了。Itwasbecauseofherthathehadgoneabroad就是为了她他才出国的。Herealizedthatshewascryingbecauseofwhathehadsaid他意识到她哭是因为他说的那些话的缘故。Becauseofherhusband'sbeingthere,Isaidnothingabouthermistake因为她丈夫在场对她的错误我就没说什么。结合下面例句体会comeup的意义:I'llletyouknowifanythingcomesup(发生)Achildcameuptomeandshowedmethewaytothestation(走近走上来)Yourquestioncameupatthemeeting(被提出讨论)Theskywasdarkblueandclearwhenthemooncameup(升起)Theyoungtreeshavecomeup(发芽)Icameupforaninterviewbutdidn'tgetthejob(到场)Howdiditcomeaboutthatheknewwherewewere他是怎么知道我们在什么地方的呢?IcameacrossanoldschoolfriendinOxfordStreetthismorning今天早上我在牛津大街碰见一位老校友。Weshouldmakegooduseofeveryminutetolearnwell我们应该充分利用每一分钟好好学习。Ourfactoryismakingincreasinguseofrobots我们工厂正越来越多地使用机器人。Newprintingtechniqueshaverecentlycomeintouse新的印刷技术最近已开始投入使用。Themapisofnouseitdoesnotshowtheminorroads这幅地图没有用它没有标明小路。注意:在学习语言的过程中应注意语言的活用以及词的搭配。Howmuchdoyouknowabouttheusethatwehavemadeofthemoney?(句子中use作先行词关系代词that代替use在定语从句中作make的宾语。)我们对钱的使用情况你了解多少?Scienceandtechnologyplaysanimportantrolepartindevelopingagriculture科技在发展农业中起重要作用。Hewillplayacttherolepartofthedoctorinmylatestdrama他将在我最新的戏里出演医生的角色。注意:playarolepartin是“动词+名词+介词”构成的动词短语这类短语有两个重要考点:()用名词作主语用于被动句()用名词作先行词用于定语从句。类似短语有:makeuseof,payattentionto等。对点自测.Thesportmeeting,whichwehavebeenlongingfor,hasbeenputoffthebadweatherA.incaseof        B.inspiteofC.insteadofD.becauseof答案:D解析:考查介词短语。句意:我们一直盼望的运动会由于天气差已经被推迟了。becauseof意为“因为由于”符合题意。.I'llbelatehometonightbecausesomethinghasjustatworkA.comeupB.comeoutC.comeoverD.comeacross答案:A解析:句意:因为工作中出了点事今晚我要晚些回家。comeup意为“出现”comeout意为“出版”comeover意为“过来”comeacross意为“偶遇”。.ThemanagerofthecompanytoldusthatverylittlewasmadeofthewastematerialinthepastA.costB.valueC.useD.matter答案:C解析:句意:公司经理告诉我们过去废物利用很少。makeuseof意为“利用”在此运用了它的被动语态。.TheoldprofessortoldusthateverypartofthematerialsshouldbemadeuseofthestationA.tobuildB.buildingC.buildD.built答案:A解析:makeuseof为固定搭配意为“利用使用”该题中把makeuseof的宾语提前不定式在句中充当目的状语。.(大连质检)ShewilltelluswhyshefeelssostrongthateachofushasaroleinmakingtheearthabetterplacetoliveonA.tohaveplayedB.toplayC.tobeplayedD.tobeplaying答案:B解析:本题主要考查动词不定式的时态和语态。从句意看整个动作发生在将来toplay作arole的定语其间存在着逻辑上的动宾关系又与句中的eachofus存在着逻辑上的主谓关系故动词不定式用主动形式表示被动意义。动词不定式toplay意指将来的动作tohaveplayed意指已经完成的动作tobeplaying则强调动词不定式动作正在发生。经典句型.NativeEnglishspeakerscanunderstandeachothereveniftheydon'tspeakthesamekindofEnglish以英语作为母语的人即使他们所说的英语不尽相同也可以相互交流。句中evenif相当于eventhough,意为“即使尽管”引导让步状语从句。evenifthough引导的从句中可用现在时代替将来时。Evenifyoudon'tlikeflowers,youshouldn'tmisstheflowerexhibition即使你不喜欢花这次花展你也不应错过。Wehavedecidedtovisitthemuseumevenifitrainstomorrow我们决定明天去参观博物馆即使下雨。拓展:()引导让步状语从句的引导词还有although,though,nomatterwhenwhat,whenever,wherever,however等。()as也可以引导让步状语从句但要把其表语、谓语或宾语前置且前置的单数名词不可以加冠词。Eventhoughyouachievegreatsuccessinyourwork,youshouldnotbeconceited即使你们在工作中取得了巨大的成绩也不应该自满。Whateveryoudo,doitwell不管你做什么把它做好。Howeverhotitis,hewon'ttakeoffhishat不管多热他都不摘下帽子。Girlassheis,shecangoaloneinthedarkness尽管她是个女孩她敢一个人走夜路。.ItwasbasedmoreonGermanthantheEnglishwespeakatpresent当时的英国更多是以德语为基础而我们今天所说的英语不是。morethan与其说……倒不如说……Heismorelazythanstupid与其说他笨倒不如说他懒惰。Iwasmoreangrythanworriedwhentheydidn'tcomehome他们没有回家与其说我担心倒不如说我生气。Ithadmoretheappearanceofadiliberatcrimethanofanaccident这件事表面上看起来像是故意犯罪而不是事故。TheyaremorethanclassmatesTheyarealsoclosefriends他们不仅是同学还是密友。Therearenomorethanpeopleintheclassroom教室里仅有人。I'mnoricherthanyou我和你一样穷。.Believeitornot,thereisnosuchthingasstandardEnglish信不信由你(世界上)没有什么标准英语。()believeitornot信不信由你。常在句中作插入语。()nosuchthing没有这样的事情。such与all,no,some,any,few,little,many,much,several,one等词连用时应位于它们的后面。Believeitornot,herefusedtoacceptouroffer信不信由你他拒绝接受我们的帮助。Thereisnosuchstreetinthecity这城市没有那样的街道。Hesaidhedidn'thavetimeormadesomesuchexcuse他说他没有时间或别的诸如此类的借口。对点自测.Manyofthemturnedadeafeartohisadvice,theyknewittobevaluableA.asifB.nowthatC.eventhoughD.sothat答案:C解析:eventhough=evenif意为“即使”引导让步状语从句。.TomisverystupidHefailedtopasstheexamonceagainHeisthanstupidA.lazierB.nolazierC.morelazyD.lazierrather答案:C解析:more+adj+than意为“与其说……倒不如说……”。答句句意为:“与其说他笨倒不如说他懒。”.Ittookbuildingsuppliestoconstructtheseenergy-savinghousesIttookbrains,tooA.otherthanB.morethanC.ratherthanD.lessthan答案:B解析:考查短语辨析。句意:建造这些节能建筑不仅仅需要建筑材料也需要“脑子”。otherthan意为“除了”morethan意为“不只是”ratherthan意为“宁可”lessthan意为“少于”。根据句意这里选B项。.I'mamazedtohearfrommyschoolteacheragainitistenyearssincewemetlastA.InawordB.What'smoreC.That'stosayD.Believeitornot答案:D解析:句意:想不到又一次收到学校老师的来信信不信由你我们上次见面还是在十年前。inaword意为“总之”what'smore意为“而且”that'stosay意为“也就是说”believeitornot意为“信不信由你”。.AsfarasIknow,thereiscarinthisneighborhoodA.nosuchB.noasuchC.notsuchD.nosucha答案:A解析:no=notaany故B、D两项不对not为副词不能修饰名词排除C项。Ⅰ选词填空makefulluseof,playanimportantpartin,comeup,becauseof,atpresent,suchas.Thepoliceareadvisingdriverstoreducespeedthefog.Ihavenoenoughmaterialinhand.Oilmustbetoservethepeoplewell.Ihavealotofclosefriends,LiMingandWangFang.Alotofadviceatyesterday'smeeting答案:becauseof atpresent madefulluseof suchas cameupⅡ情景交际.MayIopenthewindowtoletinsomefreshairA.Comeon!       B.Takecare!C.Goahead!D.Holdon!答案:C解析:根据语境可以知道:去开吧去做吧。所以答案为C。容易误选Acomeon的意思是“算了吧!加油!”.WouldyoupleasehelpmewiththeboxA.Yes,pleaseB.No,pleasedon'tC.WithpleasureD.Mypleasure答案:C解析:考查情景交际。在英语中对于别人提出的请求帮助通常用withpleasure(非常乐意)回答mypleasure用来表示你帮对方做了某事后别人向你表示感谢的用语意思是“这是我乐意做的”。.DoyouwantanotherdrinkA.Idon'tthinksoB.NowayC.NotatallD.Iwouldn'tsayno答案:D解析:考查情景交际。根据说话人的语气这是一个建议而非想法可排除AB项显得不礼貌不合英语习惯C项用来回答“Thankyou”或“sorry”D项委婉说法“我不愿意拒绝”故选D项。.We'reorganizingapartynextSaturday,andI'dlikeyoutocome!IhaveanotheronethatdayThankyoujustthesameA.GoodluckB.WhatapityC.NeverdoitagainD.Welldone答案:B解析:考查交际用语。上句邀请对方但下句由Ihaveanotheronethatday可以看出那天不能去此处答语应该是委婉回绝whatapity符合语境。.ShallIgiveyouahandwiththisasyouaresobusynowThankyouA.OfcourseyoucanB.IfyoulikeC.It'suptoyouD.Itcouldn'tbebetter答案:D解析:考查情景交际。Itcouldn'tbebetter意为“再好不过了”。Ⅲ语法专练(直接引语和间接引语Ⅱ).MrsSmithwarnedherdaughterafterdrinkingA.nevertodriveB.toneverdriveC.neverdrivingD.neverdrive答案:A解析:warnsbnotnevertodosth意为“警告某人不要干某事”为固定搭配。.“Doclosethedoor,please”HesaidtohissisterHeaskedhissisterthedoorA.tocloseB.closedC.closesD.closing答案:A解析:asksbtodosth意为“要求请求某人干某事”为固定搭配close前的do是为了加强语气。.IwonderWhichofthefollowingisnottherightchoiceA.whethershewillbefitforthejobornotB.whetherornotshewillbefitforthejobC.ifshewillbefitforthejobD.ifornotshewillbefitforthejob答案:D解析:句意:我想知道她是否适合那项工作。if引导宾语从句时不能和ornot直接连用。.TheteachertoldussomuchnoiseA.don'tmakeB.notmakeC.notmakingD.nottomake答案:D解析:本题考查“tellsbnottodosth”这一结构。句意:老师叫我们不要吵闹。.ThedoctoraskedthemanwithhimA.whatthematterwasB.whatwasthematterC.whatthematterisD.whatisthematter答案:B解析:句意:医生问那个男的怎么啦。What'sthematter?本身就是陈述语序无需改变。由主句的时态判断应选B。

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