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1-1.ppt

1-1.ppt

上传者: shirnhb 2013-02-08 评分 3 0 44 6 202 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《1-1ppt》,可适用于表格/模板领域,主题内容包含考题回放:(全国卷Ⅰ)假设你是育才中学学生会主席李华你校将举办一次英语演讲比赛(speechcontest)希望附近某大学的外籍教师Smith女士来符等。

考题回放:(全国卷Ⅰ)假设你是育才中学学生会主席李华你校将举办一次英语演讲比赛(speechcontest)希望附近某大学的外籍教师Smith女士来做评委。请参照以下比赛通知给她写一封信。英语演讲比赛主题:人与自然时间:月日下午:~:地点:教室参赛选手:名学生联系人:李华(电话)欢迎大家光临注意:词数左右。佳作诵读:DearMsSmithI'mLiHua,ChairmanoftheStudents'UnionofYucaiMiddleSchool,whichisclosetoyouruniversityI'mwritingtoinviteyoutobeajudgeatourEnglishspeechcontesttobeheldinourschoolonJuneItwillstartat:p.mandlastforaboutthreehoursTenstudentswilldelivertheirspeechesonthegiventopic“ManandNature”WehopethatyouwillacceptourinvitationifitisconvenientforyouPleasecallmeatifyouhaveanyquestionsIamlookingforwardtoyourreplyWithbestwishesLiHuaⅠ重点单词.upsetadj心烦意乱的不安的不适的vt使不安使心烦.ignorevt不理睬忽视ignorancen.愚昧ignorantadj无知的粗鲁的.calmvtvi(使)平静(使)镇定adj平静的镇静的沉着的.concernvtn.(使)担忧涉及关系到担心关注(利害)关系concernedadj担忧的concerningprep关于.looseadj松的松开的.seriesn.连续系列.outdoorsadv在户外在野外.entireadj整个的完全的全部的.powern.能力力量权力powerfuladj有权势的.settlevi安家定居停留vt使安居安排解决settledadjsettlementn.安居定居.suffervtvt遭受忍受经历sufferingn.痛苦折磨.recovervivt痊愈恢复重新获得recoveryn.痊愈.packvivt捆扎包装打行李n.小包包裹.exactlyadv确实如此正是确切地exactadj精确的.disagreevi不同意disagreementn.agree反义词Ⅱ重点短语.addup          合计.calmdown平静下来镇定下来.havegotto不得不必须.beconcernedabout关心挂念.gothrough经历经受.setdown放下记下登记.aseriesof一连串的一系列的.onpurpose故意.inorderto为了…….atdusk在黄昏时刻.facetoface面对面.nolongernotanylonger不再.sufferfrom遭受患病.getbetiredof对……厌烦.pack(sth)up将(东西)装箱打包.getalongwith与……相处进展.fallinlove相爱爱上.joinin参加加入Ⅲ重点句型.Whilewalkingthedog,youwerecarelessanditgotlooseandwashitbyacar你在遛狗的时候不小心让狗松脱了接着它被一辆小车撞着了。.tellhimherthathesheshouldhavestudied……告诉他她本该学习…….Iwonderifit'sbecauseIhaven'tbeenabletobeoutdoorsforsolongthatI'vegrownsocrazyabouteverythingtodowithnature我不知道这是不是因为我长时间无法出门的缘故使我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都那样狂热。itwasthefirsttimeinayearandahalfthatI'dseenthenightfacetoface……这是我一年半以来第一次观察夜晚…….Motheraskedherifwhethershewasveryhotwithsomanyclotheson妈妈问她穿这么多衣服是不是很热。Iamupsetaboutthebadnews我对那则坏消息感到心烦意乱。Itupsetherthathehadleftwithoutsayinggoodbye他的不辞而别让她心情沮丧。Iftherainkeepsfalling,itwillupsetthewholeplan如果继续下雨这将会打乱我们的整个计划。.concernvt(使)担忧涉及关系到n担心关注(利害)关系concerningprep关于concernedadj关心的挂念的有关的Don'tconcernyourselfwithotherpeople'saffairs别干涉他人的事。Ialwaysconcernmyselfaboutmyson'sfuture我总是担忧我儿子的将来。Hedoesn'tbotheraboutthingsthatdon'tconcernhim他不关心与他无关的事。AsfarasI'mconcerned,thesooner,thebetter就我而言越快越好。Heaskedsomequestionsconcerningpollution他问了几个有关污染的问题。Shesettledinthecityafterherfather'sdeath父亲去世后她就在城市里定居了。Theysettledtheirquarrelinafriendlyway他们友好地解决了他们的争端。Let'ssettledowntothework我们开始工作吧。Theysufferedagreatlossintheearthquake在地震中他们蒙受了巨大损失。I'llsufferthisrudenessnolonger我再也不能忍受这种粗鲁了。He'ssufferingfromabadcold他正患重感冒。Warscausedsufferingtothiscountry战争给这个国家带来了苦难。Whathesaiddisagreedwithwhathedid他言行不一。Theweatherheredisagreeswithme这里的天气不适合我。Wedisagreedonwhichmovietosee我们对看哪一部电影意见不一致。Thetwoneighborsdisagreedbitterlyaboutontheirboundaryline这两个邻居在住房界线问题上激烈争吵。对点自测.(济南模拟)Thehurricanecameunexpectedly,whichourplanA.damaged        B.upsetC.harmedD.gaveup答案:B解析:考查动词(短语)意义。damagesth意为“损伤某物”harmsth意为“对某物有害”upsetourplan意为“打乱我们的计划”而giveupourplan的主语只能是we。.(黄冈期中)SomeresearchworkerscompletelyallthosefactsasthoughtheyneverexistedA.refuseB.ignoreC.missD.leave答案:B解析:refuse意为“拒绝”ignore意为“忽视”miss意为“错过”leave意为“离开”。由句意可知B项正确。.DrSmithwasalwaysthepoorandthesick,oftenprovidingthemwithfreemedicalcareA.tendedbyB.absorbedinC.remindedofD.concernedabout答案:D解析:beconcernedabout意为“关心挂念”根据所提供的情境oftenprovidingthemwithfreemedicalcare可判断出他非常关心穷人和病人。betendedby意为“被……照顾”beabsorbedin意为“专心于”beremindedof意为“使想起”。.MyGod!I'mgettinglateagainWhatwillmybosssayTrytokeepwe'llthinkofanexcuseA.silentB.calmC.stillD.quiet答案:B解析:考查形容词辨析。句意:天哪!我又要迟到了。老板会说什么呢?尽量保持镇静我们会想到一个借口的。calm强调内心“沉着的镇定的”或指大海“无浪的”天气“无风的”still指完全没有声响并且是静止不动的quiet强调声音很低的用于人时指性情温和、不易激动的silent主要指不出声的。calm符合句意。.ThoughIdisagreeyouthispoint,IwilltrymybesttohelpyouA.withonB.onwithC.toonD.withto答案:A解析:disagreewithsbonsth意为“在……方面不同意某人”。Canyouaddthesefiguresup你能把这些数字加起来吗?Allthesefiguresaddupto所有这些数字加起来共计。Headdedsomesugartothecoffee他给咖啡里加了些糖。Thebadweatheraddedtoourdifficulty坏天气增加了我们的困难。Headdedthathewassatisfiedwiththetalk他补充说他对会谈很满意。Wewentthroughhardshipswhileworkingonthisproject执行这一计划时我们经历了许多困难。Theteacherhasgonethroughallthepapersofthestudents老师仔细检查了学生的所有论文。Hehasthehabitofgoingthroughmorningpapersaftergettingup他有起床后翻阅晨报的习惯。Theirplanswentthrough他们的计划得到了批准。I'vegonethroughmyink我的墨水用完了。Hesetabouthelpinghomelesswomenandchildrentoaplaceofsafety他着手帮助把无家可归的妇女和儿童送到安全的地区。Paniconthestockmarketsetoffawaveofselling股票市场上人心惶惶掀起抛售浪潮。Theysetupmanybranchesthroughoutthecountry他们在全国建立了许多分公司。Arumorgotaroundthatshewasillinhospital有谣言说她患病住院了。Iwonderhowtogetmynewideasacross对点自测.PleaseallthefigurestoseehowmuchtheyA.addadduptoB.addupadduptoC.addupaddupD.addaddto答案:B解析:第一空填addup意为“把……加起来”第二空填addupto意为“加起来总计”。.(北京西城模拟)AfterdinnerhebegantowhathehadthoughtabouttheresearchA.setoutB.setaboutC.setupD.setdown答案:D解析:考查set的相关短语。setaboutdoing(sth).意为“开始做……”setouttodo(sth)意为“开始做……”setup意为“创办建立”setdown意为“记下”。由题意可知D项正确。.Iusedtoquarrelalotwithmyparents,butnowwefineA.lookoutB.stayupC.carryonD.getalong答案:D解析:句意:我过去常与我的父母争吵但现在我们相处得很好。lookout意为“当心留意”stayup意为“熬夜挺住”carryon意为“继续”getalong意为“相处”。根据语境知D项正确。.MrsNoland,whowasborninapoorfamily,alotofsufferingswhenshewasstillachildA.wentalongwithB.wentbackonC.wentthroughD.wentinto答案:C解析:gothrough意为“经历”表示“她受了不少罪”。goalongwith意为“一起去赞同附和”gobackon意为“背弃”gointo意为“进入加入探究变得”。.Look!ThetelephoneisbrokenSomeonedamageditpurposeThatmayberightButperhapsitwasbrokenaccidentA.onbyB.bybyC.ononD.byon答案:A解析:考查介词短语搭配。onpurpose意为“故意地”byaccident意为“偶然地”故A项正确。经典句型.Whilewalkingthedog,youwerecarelessanditgotlooseandwashitbyacar你在遛狗的时候不小心让狗松脱了接着它被一辆小车撞着了。Whilewalkingthedog=Whileyouwerewalkingthedog这是状语从句的省略。在when,while,if,asif,though,as,where,unless等连词(词组)引导的状语从句中如果谓语动词有be而主语又跟主句的主语相同或为it时则从句的主语和be常常省略。When(Iwas)inJapan,Itookmanybeautifulpictures在日本时我拍了许多漂亮的照片。While(Iwas)waiting,Ireadnewspapers我边等待边看报纸。If(itwere)notforyou,wewouldnotgothere要不是为你我们就不会去那儿了。Helooksasif(hewere)drunk他看上去像喝醉了。Shewentonworkingthough(shewas)exhausted尽管她精疲力竭但仍继续工作。Fillintheblankswiththegivenwordschangetheformwhere(itis)necessary用所给词填空必要的地方改变形式。Iwon'tgounless(I'm)invited除非被邀请否则我不会去。提示:如果主从句的主语不一致从句不能用省略形式而应使用状语从句的完整形式。Whenthedriversawthestone,hestoppedthecar当司机看到石头时把车停下了。Whenseeingthestone,thedriverstoppedthecarWhenseeingthestone,thecarstoppeditwasthefirsttimeinayearandahalfthatI'dseenthenightfacetoface……这是我一年半以来第一次观察夜晚……Itiswasthefirsttime(that)这是一个固定句式it可换成this或thatfirst可换成second,third等以表达不同的意义其后从句的谓语动词通常用完成时态。Thisisthefourthtimeshe'srungyouinaweek这是她一周内第四次给你打电话。Itwasthesecondtimethathehadbeenoutwithheralone这是他第二次单独跟她外出。ItwillbethesecondtimethatIhavegottheprize那将是我第二次获得该奖。提示:()Itisthefirsttimethat后接现在完成时Itwasthefirsttimethat后接过去完成时Itwillbethefirsttimethat后接现在完成时。()thefirsttime可起从属连词作用引导时间状语从句。ThefirsttimeIsawher,myheartstopped我第一次见到她时心脏都停止了跳动。()forthefirsttime意为“第一次”单独用作状语。Hewascheatedforthefirsttime他第一次被骗了。对点自测.(北京中学检测)IsthereanyplacewherewecanlistentosomemusicThereisateahousewhereyoucanenjoyclassicalmusic,havingsomeChineseteaorothersoftdrinksA.where        B.unlessC.whileD.when答案:C解析:考查状语从句的省略。whilehavingsomeChinesetea=whileyouarehavingsomeChinsestea因为两个动作同时进行表示“边喝茶边欣赏音乐”故C项符合。.(上海普陀区模拟)Don'twastelotsoftimelookingfortheanswertoonequestionLeaveitandcomebacktoitlaterA.ifitnecessaryB.ifyouarenecessaryC.ifisnecessaryD.ifnecessary答案:D解析:考查省略句。D项补全后应为ifitisnecessary。.HaveyoueverbeenherebeforeNoThisisthefirsttimethatItotheGreatWallA.comesB.havebeenC.cameD.hadcome答案:B解析:Thisisthefirsttimethat之后的从句需要用现在完成时态。.Oh,I'mnotfeelingwellinthestomachIsomuchfriedchickenjustnowA.shouldn'teatB.mustn'thaveeatenC.shouldn'thaveeatenD.mustn'teat答案:C解析:由justnow可知本题谈论过去之事。谈论过去之事在should或must之后接不定式的完成式。must表示推测只用于肯定句中shouldn'thavedone表说话之前不应该做某事但事实上却做了含有责备的口气。.ItwasalongtheMississippiRiverMarkTwainspentmuchofthechildhoodA.howB.whichC.thatD.where答案:C解析:本题为强调句式。句意:正是在密西西比河沿岸马克吐温度过了他孩提时代的大部分时光。Ⅰ选词填空facetoface,fallinlovewith,joinin,aseriesof,packup.Mostofthosepresentthedance,butafewpreferredtositoutandchattoeachother.Therewascaraccidentsatthecrossingthismorning.Haveyouyourthingsforthetrip.Hebookswhenhewasalittlechild.Theburglarturnedthecornerandfoundhimselfwithapoliceman答案:joinedin aseriesof packedup fellinlovewith facetofaceⅡ易错专练.Thoughmoney,hisparentsmanagedtosendhimtouniversityA.lacked        B.lackingofC.lackingD.lackedin答案:C解析:当从句的主语和主句的主语相同时且从句的谓语是be动词时可以省略从句主语和be动词。本句补全应该为:Though(theywere)lacking.Whilethebookonthetopshelf,youneedtobeverycarefulA.toreachB.reachingC.reachD.arereaching答案:B解析:reach和you是主谓关系要用现在分词作状语。.Generallyspeaking,accordingtothedirections,thedrughasnosideeffectA.whentakingB.whentakenC.whentotakeD.whentobetaken答案:B解析:take和drug是动宾关系要用过去分词作状语。可看作是whenitistaken的省略。.TheresearchissodesignedthatoncenothingcanbedonetochangeitA.beginsB.havingbegunC.beginningD.begun答案:D解析:考查条件状语从句的省略用法。句子应为once(theresearchis)begun。.HaveyougotanyparticularplansforthecomingholidayYesI'mgoingtovisitsomehomesfortheoldinthecityA.IfeverB.IfbusyC.IfanythingD.Ifpossible答案:D解析:句意:你为即将到来的假期做了特别安排吗?是的。如果有可能的话我将去市里拜访几家养老院。考查省略及语义辨析。ever意为“曾经有时候”busy意为“忙碌的”anything意为“任何事物”possible意为“可能的”。由对话情景判断应用possible。Ⅲ语法专练(直接引语和间接引语Ⅰ).YesterdayhetoldmethathehadmethisuncleA.twoyearsagoB.twoyearsbeforeC.beforetwoyearsD.fortwoyears答案:B解析:句意:昨天他告诉我他两年前见过他叔叔。meet为非延续性动词故不能与“for+时间段”的状语连用排除D项A项常与一般过去时连用。.TheteachersaidthatColumbusAmericainA.discoveredB.foundC.haddiscoveredD.hadfound答案:A解析:句意:老师说哥伦布在年发现了美洲。直接引语中有具体的表过去的时间状语变间接引语时时态不变故排除C、D两项另外find意为“找到失去的东西或在某个场所发现某人”与此题句意不符。discover意为“发现了原本存在的事物”。.HesaidthathiscarstolenandhehavetotelephonethepoliceA.waswouldB.hasbeenwillC.hadbeenwouldD.hadbeenwill答案:C解析:句意:他说他的车被偷了不得不报警。此句改为直接引语应为:Hesaid,“MycarhasbeenstolenandIwillhavetotelephonethepolice”.ThemotheraskedhersonA.whatdidhedothedaybeforeB.wheredidhefindhislostwalletC.whattimehegotupthatmorningD.thatifhehadfinishedhishomework答案:C解析:宾语从句中应用陈述句语序排除A、B两项直接引语为陈述句时变成间接引语可用引导词that引导但直接引语为一般疑问句变成间接引语时常用if或whether引导故排除D项。.WhyisLiMingsolateIdon'tknowA.canwhatthereasonheB.whatthereasoncanbeC.thereasonwhatcanbeD.whatcanbethereason答案:B解析:宾语从句使用陈述句语序“原因会是什么?”“原因”是主语what是表语但必须提到从句之前引导句子故选B项。

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