Dear Ms. Smith，
I'm Li Hua, Chairman of the Students' Union of Yucai Middle School, which is close to your university. I'm writing to invite you to be a judge at our English speech contest to be held in our school on June 15. It will start at 2：00 p．m. and last for about three hours. Ten students will deliver their speeches on the given topic “Man and Nature”. nullWe hope that you will accept our invitation if it is convenient for you. Please call me at 44876655 if you have any questions.
I am looking forward to your reply.
With best wishes，
1．upset adj.心烦意乱的；不安的；不适的 vt.使不安；使心烦
2．ignore vt.不理睬；忽视ignorance n．愚昧ignorant adj.无知的；粗鲁的
3．calm vt. & vi.(使)平静；(使)镇定 adj.平静的；镇静的；沉着的
4．concern vt. & n．(使)担忧；涉及；关系到；担心；关注；(利害)关系concerned adj.担忧的concerning prep.关于null5．loose adj.松的；松开的
9．power n．能力；力量；权力powerful adj.有权势的
10．settle vi.安家；定居；停留vt.使安居；安排；解决settled adj.settlement n．安居；定居null11．suffer vt. &vt.遭受；忍受；经历suffering n．痛苦；折磨
12．recover vi. &vt.痊愈；恢复；重新获得recovery n．痊愈
13．pack vi. &vt.捆扎；包装；打行李 n．小包；包裹
14．exactly adv.确实如此；正是；确切地exact adj.精确的
15．disagree vi.不同意disagreement n．agree 反义词
1．add up 合计
2．calm down 平静下来；镇定下来
3．have got to 不得不，必须
4．be concerned about 关心，挂念
5．go through 经历；经受
6．set down 放下；记下；登记
7．a series of 一连串的；一系列的
8．on purpose 故意null9．in order to 为了……
10．at dusk 在黄昏时刻
11．face to face 面对面
12．no longer/not any longer 不再
13．suffer from 遭受；患病
14．get/be tired of 对……厌烦
15．pack (sth.) up 将(东西)装箱打包
16．get along with 与……相处；进展
17．fall in love 相爱；爱上
18．join in 参加；加入nullⅢ.重点句型
1．While walking the dog,_you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car.你在遛狗的时候不小心让狗松脱了，接着它被一辆小车撞着了。
2．...tell him/her that he/she should have studied ...
……告诉他/她本该学习……null3．I wonder if it's because I haven't been able to be outdoors for so long that I've grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.我不知道这是不是因为我长时间无法出门的缘故，使我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都那样狂热。
4. ...it was the first time in a year and a half that I'd seen the night face to face ...
5．Mother asked her if/whether she was very hot with so many clothes on.妈妈问她穿这么多衣服是不是很热。
nullnullnullI am_upset_about the bad news.
It upset_her that he had left without saying goodbye.
If the rain keeps falling, it will upset the whole plan.
如果继续下雨，这将会打乱我们的整个计划。nullnull3．concern vt. (使)担忧；涉及；关系到
concerning prep. 关于
concerned adj. 关心的；挂念的；有关的nullnullDon't concern yourself with other people's affairs.
I always concern myself about my son's future.
He doesn't bother about things that don't concern him.
As far as I'm_concerned,_the sooner, the better.
He asked some questions concerning pollution.
他问了几个有关污染的问题。nullnullShe settled_in the city after her father's death.
They settled_their_quarrel in a friendly way.
Let's settle_down_to the work.
我们开始工作吧。nullnullThey suffered a great loss in the earthquake.
I'll suffer this rudeness no longer.
He's suffering_from a bad cold.
Wars caused suffering to this country.
战争给这个国家带来了苦难。nullnullnullWhat he said disagreed_with what he did.
The weather here disagrees_with me.
We disagreed_on which movie to see.
The two neighbors disagreed bitterly about/on their boundary line.这两个邻居在住房界线问题上激烈争吵。null对点自测
1．(2011济南模拟)The hurricane came unexpectedly, which ______ our plan.
C．harmed D．gave up
解析：考查动词(短语)意义。damage sth.意为“损伤某物”；harm sth.意为“对某物有害”；upset our plan意为“打乱我们的计划”；而give up our plan的主语只能是we。null2．(2011黄冈期中)Some research workers completely ______ all those facts as though they never existed.
解析：refuse意为“拒绝”；ignore意为“忽视”；miss意为“错过”；leave意为“离开”。由句意可知B项正确。null3．Dr. Smith was always ______ the poor and the sick, often providing them with free medical care.
A．tended by B．absorbed in
C．reminded of D．concerned about
解析：be concerned about意为“关心，挂念”，根据所提供的情境often providing them with free medical care可判断出他非常关心穷人和病人。be tended by意为“被……照顾”；be absorbed in意为“专心于”；be reminded of意为“使想起”。
null4．—My God! I'm getting late again. What will my boss say?
—Try to keep ______； we'll think of an excuse.
解析：考查形容词辨析。句意：——天哪！我又要迟到了。老板会说什么呢？——尽量保持镇静，我们会想到一个借口的。calm强调内心“沉着的，镇定的”，或指大海“无浪的”，天气“无风的”；still指完全没有声响并且是静止不动的；quiet强调声音很低的，用于人时，指性情温和、不易激动的；silent主要指不出声的。calm符合句意。null5．Though I disagree ______ you ______ this point, I will try my best to help you.
A．with; on B．on; with
C．to; on D．with; to
解析：disagree with sb. on sth.意为“在……方面不同意某人”。
nullnullCan you add these figures up?
All these figures add_up_to 5 000.
He added some sugar to the coffee.
The bad weather added_to our difficulty.
He added that he was satisfied with the talk.
他补充说他对会谈很满意。nullnullWe went through hardships while working on this project.执行这一计划时我们经历了许多困难。
The teacher has gone through all the papers of the students.老师仔细检查了学生的所有论文。
He has the habit of going through morning papers after getting up.他有起床后翻阅晨报的习惯。
Their plans went through.
I've gone through my ink.
我的墨水用完了。nullnullnullnullHe set_about_helping homeless women and children to a place of safety.
Panic on the stock market set_off a wave of selling.
They set_up many branches throughout the country.
他们在全国建立了许多分公司。nullnullnullnullA rumor got_around that she was ill in hospital.
I wonder how to get my new ideas across.null对点自测
1．Please ______ all the figures to see how much they ______.
A．add; add up to B．add up; add up to
C．add up; add up D．add; add to
解析：第一空填add up意为“把……加起来”；第二空填add up to 意为“加起来总计”。null2．(2011北京西城模拟)After dinner he began to ______ what he had thought about the research.
A．set out B．set about
C．set up D．set down
解析：考查set 的相关短语。set about doing (sth)．意为“开始做……”；set out to do (sth.)意为“开始做……”；set up意为“创办；建立”；set down意为“记下”。由题意可知D项正确。null3．I used to quarrel a lot with my parents, but now we ______ fine.
A．look out B．stay up
C．carry on D．get along
解析：句意：我过去常与我的父母争吵，但现在我们相处得很好。look out意为“当心，留意”；stay up意为“熬夜，挺住”；carry on意为“继续”；get along意为“相处”。根据语境知D项正确。null4．Mrs. Noland, who was born in a poor family, ______ a lot of sufferings when she was still a child.
A．went along with B．went back on
C．went through D．went into
解析：go through意为“经历”，表示“她受了不少罪”。go along with意为“一起去；赞同；附和”；go back on意为“背弃”；go into意为“进入，加入，探究，变得”。null5．—Look! The telephone is broken. Someone damaged it ______ purpose.
—That may be right. But perhaps it was broken ______ accident.
A．on; by B．by; by
C．on; on D．by; on
解析：考查介词短语搭配。on purpose意为“故意地”；by accident意为“偶然地”，故A项正确。
1．While_walking_the_dog,_you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car.你在遛狗的时候不小心让狗松脱了，接着它被一辆小车撞着了。While walking the dog＝While you were walking the dog，这是状语从句的省略。
在when, while, if, as if, though, as, where, unless等连词(词组)引导的状语从句中，如果谓语动词有be，而主语又跟主句的主语相同或为it时，则从句的主语和be常常省略。nullWhen_(I_was)_in_Japan,_I took many beautiful pictures.
While_(I_was)_waiting,_I read newspapers.
If_(it_were)_not_for_you,_we would not go there.
He looks as_if_(he_were)_drunk.
他看上去像喝醉了。nullShe went on working though_(she_was)_exhausted.
Fill in the blanks with the given words; change the form where_(it_is)_necessary.
I won't go unless_(I'm)_invited.
When_the_driver_saw_the_stone,_he stopped the car.
When_seeing the stone, the_driver stopped the car.
When_seeing the stone, the_car stopped.null2. ...it_was_the_first_time in a year and a half that_I'd_seen the night face to face ...
It is/was the first time(that) ...这是一个固定句式，it可换成this或that; first可换成second, third等，以表达不同的意义，其后从句的谓语动词通常用完成时态。nullThis_is_the_fourth_time she's rung you in a week.
It_was_the_second_time_that he had been out with her alone.这是他第二次单独跟她外出。
It_will_be_the_second_time_that I have got the prize.
null提示：(1)It is the first time that ...后接现在完成时；It was the first time that ...后接过去完成时；It will be the first time that ...后接现在完成时。
(2)the first time可起从属连词作用，引导时间状语从句。
The first time I saw her, my heart stopped.
(3)for the first time意为“第一次”，单独用作状语。
He was cheated for the first time.
1．(2011北京101中学检测)—Is there any place where we can listen to some music?
—There is a teahouse where you can enjoy classical music, ______ having some Chinese tea or other soft drinks.
解析：考查状语从句的省略。while having some Chinese tea＝while you are having some Chinses tea，因为两个动作同时进行，表示“边喝茶边欣赏音乐”，故C项符合。null2．(2011上海普陀区模拟)Don't waste lots of time looking for the answer to one question. Leave it and come back to it later ______.
A．if it necessary B．if you are necessary
C．if is necessary D．if necessary
解析：考查省略句。D项补全后应为if it is necessary。null3．—Have you ever been here before?
—No. This is the first time that I ______ to the Great Wall.
A．comes B．have been
C．came D．had come
解析：This is the first time that ...之后的从句需要用现在完成时态。null4．Oh, I'm not feeling well in the stomach. I ______ so much fried chicken just now.
A．shouldn't eat B．mustn't have eaten
C．shouldn't have eaten D．mustn't eat
解析：由just now可知，本题谈论过去之事。谈论过去之事，在should或must之后接不定式的完成式。must表示推测只用于肯定句中，shouldn't have done表说话之前不应该做某事，但事实上却做了，含有责备的口气。null5．It was along the Mississippi River ______ Mark Twain spent much of the childhood.
face to face, fall in love with, join in, a series of, pack up
1．Most of those present ____________ the dance, but a few preferred to sit out and chat to each other.
2．There was ____________ car accidents at the crossing this morning.
3．Have you ____________ your things for the trip?
4．He ____________ books when he was a little child.null5．The burglar turned the corner and found himself ____________ with a policeman.
答案：1.joined in 2.a series of 3.packed up 4.fell in love with 5.face to face
1．Though ______ money, his parents managed to send him to university.
A．lacked B．lacking of
C．lacking D．lacked in
解析：当从句的主语和主句的主语相同时，且从句的谓语是be动词时，可以省略从句主语和be动词。本句补全应该为：Though(they were) lacking ...null2．While ______ the book on the top shelf, you need to be very careful.
A．to reach B．reaching
C．reach D．are reaching
解析：reach和you是主谓关系，要用现在分词作状语。null3．Generally speaking, ______ according to the directions, the drug has no side effect.
A．when taking B．when taken
C．when to take D．when to be taken
解析：take和drug是动宾关系，要用过去分词作状语。可看作是when it is taken的省略。null4． The research is so designed that once ______ nothing can be done to change it.
A．begins B．having begun
解析：考查条件状语从句的省略用法。句子应为once (the research is) begun。null5．—Have you got any particular plans for the coming holiday?
—Yes. ______， I'm going to visit some homes for the old in the city.
A．If ever B．If busy
C．If anything D．If possible
1．Yesterday he told me that he had met his uncle ______.
A．two years ago B．two years before
C．before two years D．for two years
解析：句意：昨天他告诉我他两年前见过他叔叔。meet为非延续性动词，故不能与“for＋时间段”的状语连用，排除D项；A项常与一般过去时连用。null2．The teacher said that Columbus ______ America in 1492.
C．had discovered D．had found
解析：句意：老师说哥伦布在1492年发现了美洲。直接引语中有具体的表过去的时间状语，变间接引语时，时态不变，故排除C、D两项；另外，find意为“找到失去的东西或在某个场所发现某人”，与此题句意不符。discover意为“发现了原本存在的事物”。null3．He said that his car ______ stolen and he ______ have to telephone the police.
A．was; would B．has been; will
C．had been; would D．had been; will
解析：句意：他说他的车被偷了，不得不报警。此句改为直接引语应为：He said, “My car has been stolen and I will have to telephone the police.”null4．The mother asked her son ______.
A．what did he do the day before
B．where did he find his lost wallet
C．what time he got up that morning
D．that if he had finished his homework
解析：宾语从句中应用陈述句语序，排除A、B两项；直接引语为陈述句时，变成间接引语可用引导词that引导，但直接引语为一般疑问句，变成间接引语时常用if或whether引导，故排除D项。null5．Why is Li Ming so late? I don't know ______.
A．can what the reason he
B．what the reason can be
C．the reason what can be
D．what can be the reason