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首页 英语短文改错技巧(English proofreading skills)

英语短文改错技巧(English proofreading skills).doc

英语短文改错技巧(English proofreading s…

曹子静
2018-09-06 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语短文改错技巧(English proofreading skills)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

英语短文改错技巧(Englishproofreadingskills)英语短文改错技巧(Englishproofreadingskills)propositiontendencyProofreadingistheabilitytojudgeamajortestofthecandidates,observationability,errorcorrectionabilityoflinguisticknowledgeandlanguageproficiencyProofreadingtrend:Thepassagecorrectiontonarrationandexpositionthecontentofthearticleisclosetostudents'life,notuncommonwordsandcomplexstructure,thesimpleerrorsetisalsoverysimple,manystudentsoftenappearcommonmistakesincompositionessaysareusuallyaboutwordsTherearemistakes,therearethreecommonmistakeswrongwordsmultiplewordsmissingwordswrongwordsaccountforabouttestsitefluoroscopyIthehotspotofwrongwordsverbtenseandvoicenonpredicatesubjectpredicaterelationcontactwordsrelativepronounsandrelativeadverbsconjunctionsconjunctionsnouns,countablenouns,uncountablenouns,andvariationsinthesingularandpluralnumbersofcountablenamesprepositionthecollocationofprepositionandverbiswrongadjectiveadverbmisuseoflexicalcategoryarticles:thedefinitearticleandtheindefinitearticlemisusepronounspersonalpronounspossessivepronounsreflexivepronounsfixedusagepatterns,fixedphrasesTwoMultiwordsandmissingwordshotspotarticleprepositionsadverbpronounsRelatedwordsshortwordstosampleanalysisIwrongwordsverberrors:()errorsoftenseandvoice,subjectpredicateagreementthewholetense:*We,had,guests,last,night,who,have,not,stayed,in,a,,B,B,hotel,beforeTheattributiveclauseintheclausebeforetheoccurrenceoftense,sohavechangedtohad*High,over,the,water,they,discover,a,hole,in,the,balloon,The,,hole,became,bigger,bigger,andThewholetextusesthepasttense,soitchangestodiscoverdiscoveredsubjectpredicateagreement*Having,fun,with,their,friends,make,them,happyThegerundisusedasthesubject,andtheverbisinsingularformmakes*But,the,most,wonderful,thing,about,Jack,were,,his,musical,abilityThesubjectisthemostwonderfulthingsowascopula*But,not,all,information,are,good,to,societySubjectisnotcountable,sotheverbisis()verberrors:*In,American,big,cities,thousands,sell,tickets,to,watch,football,or,basketball,games(buy)Accordingtothesentencemeaning,thousandsofpeoplebuyticketstowatchthegameTherefore,sellchangedtobuy()nonfiniteverbsgerunderrors*I,am,looking,forward,to,see,all,of,you,again,in,the,near,,future(seeing)Analysis:toisapreposition,soseeischangedtoseeing*Not,only,it,makes,grow,up,tall,and,strong,but,also,gives,US,a,,sense,of,fair,US,play,and,team,spiritAnalysis:thesubjectshouldbeagerund,soPlayfootballischangedtoPlayingfootballpresentparticiple*The,air,keeps,the,balloon,up,was,escaping,quickly,and,the,,balloon,was,coming,downAnalysis:participleasattributive,sokeepschangedtokeeping*I,found,a,small,house,in,a,field,with,standing,a,light,shone,,from,the,sitting,roomParsing:with,a,light,shone,,with,a,light,shiningA,light,andshiningareactiverelationshipsinfinitive*I,just,want,to,thank,you,for,helping,me,becoming,a,different,,person(become)Resolution:helpsbdosth,sochangebecomingtobecome*He,did,not,want,share,things,with,othersParse:afterwant,to,share,sth,want,canfollowtheinfinitivetodotheobjectpastparticiple*I,have,some,records,giving,to,me,as,birthday,giftsParsing:have,sth,done,some,records,andgivearepassiverelationships,soinsteadofgivenconjunctionerrors:*I,came,into,the,living,and,saw,one,of,them,just,go,through,the,room,kitchen,door,,but,turn,on,the,lightAccordingtothesentence,"Isawoneofthemgointothekitchenandturnonthelight""ThetwosentencesarejuxtaposedTherefore,changebuttoand*We,would,return,at,night,hear,that,he`d,to,picked,up,from,the,,radio,in,the,dayAnalysis:testobjectclause,pickuplackobject,sochangethattowhat*课程帮助我了解世界的作品解析:根据句子意思“这些课程有助于我了解世界是怎么运转的”故改什么为如何。。形容词副词错用:你总是特别注意我。解析:名词应该被形容词特殊修饰。这是真实的一个很好的机会遇到你们所有的人都在这里。解析:副词真的修饰系词故改房为真。我的家乡有了新面貌。多么伟大的改变了~解析:伟大的修饰动词故改为:大大。冠词错误:这是我第一次访问一个美国家庭。(一)解析:美国第一个音标的音素是元音故用一。*每个球员必须服从船长谁是球队的领袖。解析:有定语修饰船长的特指。“突然我在人群中看到了我的英语老师。解析:固定搭配看见。故此去掉冠词A。代词错误:】反身代词【*我只是对我微笑和思考„解析:主语和宾语相同故此我自己。】形容词性物主代词【此外这里的外籍教师努力工作尽力使活动生动有趣。解析:主语是第三人称复数因此再试一`最好【】这那他们我们我以为是看游戏中玩家把球踢给对方无聊。解析:那不可以做形式主语故改为它。这是中午时当我们到达山脚下的。他们三人都非常兴奋。前后人称错误故此改他们为我们。。名词单复数和名词的所有格的错误她标志着学生`严格的性能。(学生`)解析:根据句意学生们的表演故改为学生`性能*物理是我们最难学的科目之一(人)解析:一说明后面为复数形式。我们每周练习三次经常在电视上看足球比赛在一起。解析:常常看比赛故此比赛改为比赛。我没有要写的文件。解析:纸不可数所以改为纸。介词错误他在一个寒冷的夜晚离开了上海。解析:一天的部分被修饰时介词用上我是一个小镇的新来的人。解析:根据句子意思来自一个小镇来自一个小城镇。昨晚我被雨淋了。解析:固定短语淋雨遇上雨。。语意错误*数千人买票去看足球或篮球比赛。解析:句子意思:数千人卖掉票去看足球或者篮球比赛故此错误卖买。*没有人喜欢工作每个人都喜欢玩。解析:句子意思:并非所有的人都喜欢工作并且所有的人喜欢玩。语意错误应该为转折关系但二。多余词多词一般为:冠词连词介词系词是助词等。】连词多余【:他们不想早餐因为他们早晨外出。解析:连词多余故此去掉()原句是状语从句。】介词多余【:*等待的人群在英国迎接他们很惊讶。(对)解析:没有宾语所以去掉为。】冠词多余【:*我突然看见了我的英语老师在人群中。解析:固定短语看见:偶然看见。【】系词助词多余:我的母亲问:“你吃药了吗,“解析:根据句意是妈妈问:故为主动语态。Threewords:lackoflackofwordsgenerally:articleprepositionconjunctionbelackofPrepositions*He,was,looking,for,a,glass,^the,cupboard(in)Analysis:accordingtothesentencemeaning,in,the,cupboardasadverbialArticlemissing*However,the,popular,teacher,is,same,time,the,one,who,should,be,strict,at^,with,students(the)Explanation:adjectivessameandtheareusedtogether,sotheisaddedbeforesamemissingconnectives*In,one,class,I,learned^,it,rained(why)Accordingtothesentencemeaning,themissinglinkmeans:"inalesson,Iknowthecauseoftherain""lackofCopula*What,^your,favorite,sport(is)Analysis:sentencelackofcopula,inWhatplusisTopicTrainingandpredictionofcollegeentranceexaminationThisquestionrequirescorrectiontotheerrorsinthepassagemarkedwitheachlinenumbertomakeajudgment,suchaserrorfree,inlinefortherightmomenttodrawahook(V)ifthereisanerror(oneoneachline,accordingtothefollowingerror)isclearforthecorrectionaword:theextrawordswithaslash()off,inthelinetowritethewordsinthesideoftheline,andalsowithaslashoffThelackofaword:amissingwordsymbolsinthemissingword(aplace),writetherightonthelineThelineisinthewrongword:drawalinebelowthewrongwordandwritethecorrectedwordonthelineontherightsideofthelineNote:theoriginallinecannotbewrong,donotchange

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