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首页 2010成人学士学位考试试题

2010成人学士学位考试试题.doc

2010成人学士学位考试试题

折翼枯葉蝶0223
2013-01-07 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2010成人学士学位考试试题doc》,可适用于成人教育领域

北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试(A卷)PartI ReadingComprehension()Directions:TherearethreepassagesinthispartEachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatementsForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDYoushoulddecideonthebestchoiceandblackenthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetPassageQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassage:ThemultibilliondollarWesternpopmusicindustryisunderfireItisbeingblamedbytheUnitedNationsforthedramaticriseindrugabuseworldwide,“Themostworryingdevelopmentisacultureofdrugfriendliness,|saystheUN’sInternationalNarcoticsControlBoardinareportreleasedlastyearThepagestudysaysthepopmusic,asaglobalindustry,isbyfarthemostinfluentialtrendsetterforyoungpeopleofmostcultures“Somesongsencouragepeopletotakedrugs()Certainpopstarsmakestatementsandsetexamplesasiftheuseofdrugsfornonmedicinalpurposeswereanormalandacceptablepartofaperson’slifestyle,”thestudysaysSurprisingly,saystheBoard,theeffectofdrugfriendlypopmusicseemstosurvivedespitetheoccasionalshockofdeathbyoverdose(过量用药)“Suchincidentsendtobeseenasanoccasiontomourn(哀悼)thelossofarolemodel,andnotanopportunitytofacethedeadlyeffectofdruguse,:itnotesSincethes,severalinternationallyfamoussingerandmoviestarsincludingElvisPresley,JaniceJophlin,JohnBelushi,JimiHendrix,JonathanMelvinandAndyGibbshavediedofeitherdrugabuseordrugrelatedillnessesWiththeglobalizationofpopularmusic,messagespromotingdrugabusearenowreachingbeyondtheircountriesoforigin“Inmostcountries,thenamesofcertainpopstarshavebecomefamiliartothemembersofeveryhousehold,”thestudysaysTheUNstudyalsoblamesthemediaforitsdescriptionofcertaindrugincidents,whichencouragesratherthanpreventsdrugabuse“Overthepastyears,wehaveseenhowdrugabuseisincreasinglyregardedasbeingacceptableorevenattractive,”saysHamidGhodse,presidentoftheBoard“Powerfulpressuregroupsrunpoliticalcampainsaimedatlegalizingcontrolleddrugs,”hesaysGhodsealsopointsoutthatallthesedevelopmentshavecreatedanenvironmentwhichistolerant(容忍的)oforevenfavorabletodrugabuseandspoilsinternationaldrugpreventioneffortscurrentlyunderwayThestudyfocusesondemandreductionandpreventionwithinanenvironmentthathasbecometolerantofdrugabuseTheBoardcallsongovernmentstodotheirlegalandmoralduties,andtoactagainsttheprodrug(赞成吸毒)messagesoftheyouthculturetowhichyoungpeopleincreasinglyarebeingexposed WhichofthefollowingstatementsdoestheauthortendtoagreewithA Theuseofdrugsfornonmedicinalpurposesisanacceptablepartofaperson’slifestyleB ThespreadingofpopmusicmaycausedrugabusetobeyondcountryboundariesC NoeffortshavebeenmadetopreventthespreadingofdrugabuseD Governmentshavenoabilityatactagainsttheprodrugmessagesoftheyouthculture Theexpression“underfire”inthefirstparagraphmeansA inanurgentsituationB facingsomeproblemsC beingcriticizedD introuble Fromthethirdparagraph,welearnthattheyouthA tendtomournthepopstarswhodiedofoverdoseasrolemodesB areshockedtoknowevenpopstarsmayabusedrugsC trytofacethedeadlyeffectofdruguseD maystopabusingdrugs WhichofthefollowingisnotmentionedastolerantofdrugabuseA ThespreadingofpopmusicB ThemediaC PoliticalcampaignsrunbypowerfulpressuregroupsD ThelowpriceofsomedrugsAccordingtothepassage,popmusicAhasagreatinfluenceonyoungpeopleofmostculturesBattractsasmallnumberofyoungpeopleCisnotaprofitableindustryDisaloneresponsiblefordrugabusePassageQuestionsItoarebasedonthefollowingpassage:TherearemanyolderpeopleintheworldandtherewillbemanymoreAlittleknownfactisthatoverpercentoftheolderpeopleliveindevelopingcountriesAccordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization,bytherewillbebillion,withovermillionlivingindevelopingcountriesItisasurprisingfactthatthepopulationageingisparticularlyrapidindevelopingcountriesForexample,ittookFranceyearsfortheproportionofolderpeopletodoublefrompercenttopercentItisestimatedtotakeChinaamereyearstoachievethissameincreaseWhataretheimplicationsoftheseincreasednumbersofolderfolk()Oneofthebiggestworriesforgovernmentsisthatthelongerpeoplelive,themorelikelihoodthereisfordiseasesandfordisability(残疾)Attentionisbeingpaidtotheneedtokeeppeopleashealthyaspossible,includingduringoldage,tolessenthefinancialburdenonthestate()AnothersignificantproblemistheneedfortheyoungergenerationstounderstandandvaluetheolderpeopleintheirsocietyInsomeAfricancountries,certainlyinAsia,olderpeoplearerespectedandregardedastheoneswithspecialknowledgeYettraditionsarefadingawaydaily,whichdoesnotensurethecontinuedhighregardofolderpeopleAssocietychanges,attitudeswillchangeMuchneedstobedonetogetridofagediscrimination(歧视)inemploymentLifelonglearningprogramsneedtobeprovidedtoenableolderpeopletobeactivemembersinacountry’sdevelopmentSocialsecuritypoliciesneedtobeestablishedtoprovideadequateincomeprotectionforolderpeopleBothpublicandprivateschemesarevitalinordertobuildasuitablesafetynet TheproportionofolderpeopleA isbiggerindevelopedcountriesthanindevelopingcountriesB isoneseventhofthepopulationindevelopingcountriesC willincreasemuchfasterinChinathaninFranceD willbesixtypercentindevelopingcountriesby Accordingtopassage,whichofthefollowingaregovernmentsmostworriedaboutA ThediseasesanddisabilityofolderpeopleB ThelongerlifeandgoodhealthofpeopleC ThelossoftaxesonolderpeopleD Theincreasingrespectforolderpeople ItisstateddirectlyinthepassagethatolderpeopleshouldA betreateddifferentlyindifferentculturesB enjoyasimilarlifestyleC beignoredassocietychangesD thevaluedbytheyongergenerations WhichofthefollowingmeasureisNOTmentionedtosolvethepopulationageingproblemA GettingridofagediscriminationinemploymentB EnsuringadequateincomeprotectionforolderpeopleC EnsuringadequateincomeprotectionforolderpeopleD ProvidingfreehealthcareforsickolderpeopleE SupplyinglifelonglearningprogramstoolderpeopleTheauthorconcludesinthelastparagraphthat Agovernmentshavespentlotsoftimeinsolvingtheageingproblem Bpopulationageingisahardproblem,butitneedstobesolvedurgently Cpeoplearetoobusytosolvethepopulationageingproblem DmuchtimeandeffortwillbelostinsolvingtheageingproblemPassageQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassage:()ExtensivenewstudiessuggestthattheworldhasmadeextraordinaryprogressinreducingpovertyinrecentdecadesTheresearchsuggeststhatthepaceofeconomicprogresshasbeenrapidandcontinuedfordecades,builtonthefoundationsofrelativepoliticalstability,risingtrade,andeconomicliberalization(自由化)aftertwoworldwarsOnenewstudy,publishedrecentlybytheInstituteforInternationalEconomicsinWashington,findthattheproportionofthebillionpeopleintheworldwholiveon$adayorlessshrankfrompercentintopercentinandpercentinbysomeothermeasures,theprogresshasbeenmoremodestStill,economistsagreethatpovertyhasplungedinkeynationssuchasIndiaandespeciallyChina,thankstoslowingpopulationgrowthaswellaseconomicfreedom“Thisisahugesuccessfortheworldasawhole,”saysHarvardUniversityeconomistRichardCooper“Wearedoingsomethingright”ThenewscomesastheWorldBankisabouttoopenitsannualmeetinginWashingtonaneventthathasbeentroubledinrecentyearsbyproteststhattheBankanditssisterInstitution,theInternationalMonetaryFund(IMF国际货币组织)havedonetoolittlefortheworld’spoor()TheneweconomicresearchwillnotputanendtothatdisputeVastpopulationsremainpoor,andmanystillquestionthewisdomofWorldBankpoliciesNonetheless,theresearchfindingsarehelpfultounderstandwhatpoliciesshouldbefollowedbythoseinstitutionsandhundredsofotherdevelopmentgroupsworkingveryhardtohastenthepaceofworldeconomicprogressIfdramaticgainsareunderway,thepresentpoliciescallingforopenmarkets,freebusinessactivities,andtightmonetarycontrolareworkingandcorrectButcriticsofIMFandWorldBankpoliciesmaintainthatsucheconomicsuccessstoriesasJapan,China,SouthKoreaandSingaporearerootedinmorethanjust“free”marketsThesenationshavemanagedtogrowrapidly,andtherebyreducepoverty,bylimitingimportswhentheirdomesticindustrieswereyoung,pushingexportstorichnations,andputtingcontrolsonpurelyinternationalfinancialflowsThehavebeenopentoforeignownedfactoriesbuthaveofteninsistedthatthoseinvestorssharetheknowledgeandskillonmoderntechnologies Theword“plunged”inthefirstparagraphmeansAdecreased Bclimbed Cincreased Ddroppedintowater Fromthepassage,welearnthatAWorldBankhasdonenothingtohelpthepoorintheworldBIMFonlyhelpstherichintheworldCWorldBankcontrolsallthebanksintheworldDTherearesomedemonstrationsagainstWorldBankinrecentyears Accordingtothispassage,in,theworldhadthelargestnumberofpoorpeopleA  B  C  DAccordingtotheauthor,theeconomyofEastAsiancountriesgrewveryfastbecauseofthefollowingmeasuresEXCEPT Aencouragingexport Bopeninguptoforeigninvestments Climitinginternationalfinancialflows DcontrollingimportThebesttitleforthispassagemightbe AChina’sContributiontotheReductionofPovertyintheWorld BWorldBank’sExtraordinaryProgressinRecentDecades CIndia’sLeadingRoleinReducingGlobalPoverty DGlobalProgressinReducingPovertyPartII VocabularyandStructure()Directions:InthispartthereareincompletesentencesForeachsentencetherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheONEanswerthatbestcompletesthesentenceThenblackenthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetItwashardforhimtolearnEnglishinafamily,inwhichoftheparentsspokethelanguageAnone   Bneither    Cboth   DeachYou’dbettergotherebytrainThetrainticketistheplaneticket  Aascheapthreetimesas        Basthreetimescheapas  Cthreetimesascheapas        DcheaperthreetimesthanThisnewmachineistechnicallyfartotheprevioustype  Asuperior         Bjunior         Csenior        DequalThereisagreatdealofevidencethatmusicactivitiesengagedifferentpartsofthebrain  Aindicate      Bindicating      Cindicated     DtobeindicatingShebecamethefirstwomantoentertheschoolbutwithdrewafterafewdaysstress  Abecauseof      Binspiteof         Cinsteadof    DinhonorofisknowntousallisthattheOlympicGameswillbeheldinLondon  AIt      BWhat        CAs        DWhichThediscoveryofthesetombsisforscholars’studyingChinesehistory  Aofveryimportant           Bgreatsignificant  Cofgreatsignificance          Dgreatlyimportance Sean’sstrongloveforhiscountryisinhisrecentlypublishedpoems  Arelieved     Breflected    Cresponded         DrecoveredWouldyoupleasekeepsilentTheweatherreportandIwanttolisten  Aisbroadcast                Bisbeingbroadcast  Chasbeenbroadcast           DhadbeenbroadcastTheteacherstressedagainthatthestudentsshouldnotanyimportantdetailswhileretellingthestory  Abringout       Bletout      Cleaveout       DmakeoutThemanmovedforwardandlookedovertheedge,shrinkinghisshoulders  Aaccurately      Bcautiously          Cbrilliantly       DdisappointedlyThepolicearetryingtofindouttheofthewomankilledinthetrafficaccident  Aevidence   Brecognition         Cidentity        DstatusBynomeanstoherparents  Athisisthefirsttimehasshelied  Bthisisthefirsttimedoesshetellalie  Cisthisthefirsttimeshehaslied  DisthisthefirsttimeshewaslyingClimatechangewillgreatlywheatandriceproductionifnationsdon’ttakestepsnow  Afall    Bleak          Clack        DreduceShealwaysbuysmybirthday  Asomethingawfulto         Banythingawfulto  Csomethingnicefor         DanythingniceforHefailedtoliveuptohadbeenexpectedofhim  Awhat     Bwhich         Cthat          DallItisveryofyoutoarrangeanearlymeetingbetweenyourbossandourteam  Aconsiderate       Bconsiderable      Cconsidering        DconsideredIwouldhavetoldhimaboutthechangeoftimefortheclass,toclasslasttime  Adidhecome         Bhecame        Chadhecome   DhehadcomeThewindwassostronglastnightthatistoretheoftheshipintotwoorthreepieces  Amask   Bmine        Csail      Dsatelliteallthemoneypeopleherespendeatingout,restaurants’profitisstillbelowfivepercent  ADespite   BThanksto      CSince    DLikeManyamanlifeismeaninglesswithoutapurpose  Athinks              Bthinking         Chavethought        DthinkJohnlefthometwentyminutesagoItisusuallyhalfanhour’sdrivefromhishometotheofficehereSohesoon  Ashouldhavearrived        Bneedarrive      Cmusthavearrived      DmayarriveHongkongisoftenregardedasinternationalcentreforbusiness,financeandtourism  Aan         BAn       CThe       DtheTheywenttheschedulefortheconferenceagainandagainuntiltheyfeltsatisfiedwitheverydetailofit  Aout       Bup         Cover       DbySchoolsshouldteachourkidsvarioussubjects,andmoreoverteachthemhowtorightfromwrong  Arun        Btake        Ctell          DputBythetimeyoufinishyourhomework,allofusoursathand,I’msure  Awillfinish        Bwillhavefinished     Chavefinished            DhavebeenfinishingIntimeoftroubleCharliecouldalwaysasolution  Aputaside       Blookdownupon      Cbreakout     DcomeupwithBeforebuildingahouse,youwillhavetothegovernment’spermission  Agetfrom       Bfollow        Creceive         DaskforThedirectorhadherassistantsomehotdogsforthestaffmembers  Apickedup         Bpicksup           Cpickup         Dpickinguptheirhatsintotheair,thefansofthewinningteamletoutloudshoutsofvictory  ATothrow         BThrown         CThrowing       DBeingthrown PartⅢ Identification()Directions:EachofthefollowingsentenceshasfourunderlinedpartsmarkedA,B,CandDIdentifytheonethatisnotcorrectThenblackenthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetWhenyou’vefinishedwiththatbook,don’tforgettoputisbackontheshelf,won’tyou                A                B            C                 DTheworkersinthefactorydemandedthattheirpaywouldberaisedbypercent      A                   B                 C        DItremainstoseewhetherJimwillbefitenoughtoplayinthefinals      A    B             C            DIinvitedJoeandLindaaswellasTomtodinner,butneitherofthemcame     A                B           C         DOverthepastyears,theinternethashelpedchangeourworldineitherwayoranother         A                            B                Cforthebetter   DHowandwhythislanguagehassurvivedformorethanathousandyears,whilespokebyvery       A                B                                        Cfew,ishardtoexplain            DNearlyhalfofAmericansagedandoldtakepartinsomeformofcontinuingeducation    A                  B       C                DManyparentsfeeltheyneedtokeepaclosereyetotheirchildrenbecauseofconcernsabout                       A                B              C             DcrimeandschoolviolenceFormarriedmothers,thetimespendonchildcareincreasedtoanaverageofhoursa  A                        B               C         DweekinThereisanincreasinglyamountofevidencethatmoreandmoreyoungpeoplearetakingan               A                     B                            Cactiveinterestinpolitics           DPartIV  Cloze()Directions:Thereareblanksinthefollowingpassage,andforeachblanktherearechoicesmarkedA,B,CandDattheendofthepassageYoushouldchooseONEanswerthatbestfitsintothepassageThenblackenthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetOfallthewebsites,onethathasattractedattentionrecentlyismyspacecomMostofthisattentionhascomefromthemediaandtellseveryreasonthewebsiteshouldbeThethreatofInternetpredators(窃掠者)isindeedatoughreality,shuttingdownthesiteisnottheanswerIfmyspacecomshutdown,anothersitewouldquickly itsplaceTherefore,therightwayistoteachteenshowtousethesitesafelyandeducatethemwhomaybepredatorsandhowtothem ThekeytosafeontheInternetistomakesurethatyourprofile(个人资料)issecureThewayistochangetheprivacysettingonyourprofileto“private”,whichprotectsyourinformationonlythepeopleonyourfriendlistcanviewitAlthoughthisis,itisnotperfectPredatorscanfindwaystoviewyourprofileiftheyreallywantto,throughbackingin(黑客入侵)orfiguringouttheirwayontoyourfriendlistThus,youshouldneverposttoomuchpersonalSomepeopleactuallyposttheirhomeandschooladdresses,datetobirth,andsoon,oftenpredatorsknowexactlywheretheywillbyandThemostinformationthatissafeisyourfirstnameandprovinceAnythingmoreisbasicallyapredatorintoyourlifeAnotherbigproblemisphotosIsuggestskippingphotosandneverpostingaphotoofafriendonlinewithouthisorherMostimportant,never,anycircumstances,agreetoareallifemeetingwithanyoneyoumeetonline,howwellyouthinkyouknowthispersonTherea

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2010成人学士学位考试试题

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