下载
加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 Lecture 9 William wordsworth

Lecture 9 William wordsworth.ppt

Lecture 9 William wordsworth

亦雨
2013-01-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Lecture 9 William wordsworthppt》,可适用于考试题库领域

WilliamWordsworth()TeachingProcedureTeachingProcedureIEnglishRomanticismIIWilliamWordsworthIEnglishRomanticismIEnglishRomanticismRomanticismappearedinEnglandattheturnofthethandthcenturiesundertheimpetusoftheIndustrialRevolutionandtheFrenchRevolutionItprevailedinEnglandduringtheperiodof,beginningwiththepublicationofLyricalBallads()byWordsworthandColeridge,endingwithWalterScott’sdeathTheromanticistswerediscontentwiththedevelopmentofcapitalismButowingtodifferentsocialandpoliticalattitudes,theromanticistsshowtheirdifferenttendenciesSomeromanticwritersreflectedthethinkingofclassesruinedbythebourgeoisie,andprotestagainstcapitalistdevelopmentturnedtothefeudalpastTheseweretheeldergenerationofromanticists,includingWordsworth,ColeridgeandSoutheyOthersexpressedtheaspirationsoftheclassescreatedbycapitalismandheldonanideal,thoughavagueone,ofafuturesocietyfreefromoppressionandexploitationTheseweretheyoungergenerationofromanticistsrepresentedbyByron,ShelleyandKeatsbackgroundbackgroundThreerevolutions:AmericanandFrenchrevolutions,nationalliberation,democraticmovementsRousseau:returntonature,EdmundBurke:smallness,elegance,smoothness,imagination,sublimityThomasPaine:manhasnopropertyinmanCharacteristicfeaturesoftheromanticmovementCharacteristicfeaturesoftheromanticmovementSubjectivismSpontaneitySingularityWorshipofnatureSimplicityMelancholyPassionIIWilliamWordsworthIIWilliamWordsworthLifeMajorWorksPoeticPrinciplesAnalysesofHisPoemsLife()Life()BirthplaceCockermouth,Cumberland,intheLakeDistrictOrphanageattheageofEducationwaseducatedatCambridgeUniversityTravelingtraveledinFranceandSwitzerlandMarriagemarriedMaryHutchinsoninHonorbecamePoetLaureateinDeathdiedofpneumoniaWilliamWordsworth’sBirthplaceWilliamWordsworth’sBirthplaceDoveCottageHisfirsthomeinthelakesDoveCottageHisfirsthomeinthelakesRydalMountandGardens(Hismostbelovedhome)MajorWorksMajorWorks“LyricalBallads”《抒情歌谣集》“ThePrelude”《序曲》“The‘LucyPoems’”《露西组诗》Wordsworth’sPoeticPrinciplesWordsworth’sPoeticPrinciples“Allgoodpoetryisthespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelings”Poetry“takesitsoriginfromemotionrecollectedintranquility(平静中回忆起来的情感)”NatureinspirespoetryThefunctionofpoetryliesinitspowertogiveanunexpectedsplendortofamiliarandcommonplacethings“IWanderedLonelyasaCloud”《我好似一朵流云独自漫游》“IWanderedLonelyasaCloud”《我好似一朵流云独自漫游》Question:WhatistherelationbetweenthepoetandnatureasdescribedinthepoemIwanderedlonelyasacloudThatfloatsonhigho’ervalesandhills,我好似一朵孤独的流云在山丘和谷地上飘荡,WhenallatonceIsawacrowd,Ahost,ofgoldendaffodils:忽然间我看见一簇,一大片金灿灿的水仙:StanzaOneWhilewanderinglikeacloud,thespeakerhappensupondaffodilsflutteringinabreezeontheshoreofalake,beneathtreesDaffodilsareplantsinthelilyfamilywithyellowflowersandacrownshapedlikeatrumpetBesidethelake,beneaththetrees,在树荫下在湖水边,Flutteringanddancinginthebreeze在阵阵微风中翩翩起舞。Rhyme:ababccStanzaTwoStanzaTwoContinuousasthestarsthatshineAndtwinkleonthemilkyway,连绵不绝如繁星灿烂在银河里闪闪发光TheystretchedinaneverendinglineAlongthemarginofabay:它们沿着湖湾的边缘延伸成无穷无尽的一行:ThedaffodilsstretchallalongtheshoreBecausetherearesomanyofthem,theyremindthespeakeroftheMilkyWay,thegalaxythatscientistssaycontainsaboutonetrillionstars,includingthesunThespeakerhumanizesthedaffodilswhenhesaystheyareengaginginadanceTenthousandsawIataglance,我一眼看见了一万朵Tossingtheirheadsinsprightlydance在欢舞之中起伏颠簸。Lively,fullofenergyThewavesbesidethemdancedbuttheyOutdidthesparklingwavesinglee粼粼波光也在跳着舞水仙的欢欣却胜过水波ApoetcouldnotbutbegayInsuchajocundcompany与这样快活的伴侣为伍诗人怎能不满心欢乐!StanzaThreeIgazedandgazedbutlittlethought我久久凝望却想象不到Whatwealththeshowtomehadbrought:这奇景赋予我多少财宝theshowtomehadbroughttheshowbroughttomeanastrophe(倒置法)Intheirgleefulflutteringanddancing,thedaffodilsoutdotheripplingwavesofthelakeButthepoetdoesnotatthismomentfullyappreciatethehappysightbeforehimInthelastlineofthestanza,Wordsworthusesanastrophe(倒置法),writingtheshowtomehadbroughtinsteadoftheshowbroughttomeAnastropheisaninversionofthenormalwordorderForoft,whenonmycouchIlieInvacantorinpensivemood,每当我躺在床上不眠或心神空茫或默默沉思TheyflashuponthatinwardeyeWhichistheblissofsolitude,它们常在心灵中闪现那是孤独中的福祉StanzaFourNotuntilthepoetlatermusesaboutwhathesawdoeshefullyappreciatethecheerfulsightofthedancingdaffodilsWordsworthagainusesanastrophe,writingwhenonmycouchIlieandmyheartwithpleasurefillsAndthenmyheartwithpleasurefills,于是我的心便涨满了幸福Anddanceswiththedaffodils和水仙一同翩翩起舞。RhymedStanzasinIambicTetrameterRhymedStanzasinIambicTetrameterTherhymeschemeissimple:ABABCCThelasttwolinesofeachstanzarhymeliketheendofaShakespearesonnet,soeachstanzafeelsindependentandselfsufficientThisiscalleda"rhymingcouplet"Therearen'tevenanyslantrhymestotrickyouHere'sthefirststanzawiththerhymeschemelabeled:IwanderedlonelyasaCloud(A)Thatfloatsonhigho'ervalesandHills,(B)WhenallatonceIsawacrowd,(A)Ahost,ofgoldenDaffodils(B)BesidetheLake,beneaththetrees,(C)Flutteringanddancinginthebreeze(C)Themeterisiambictetrameter,whichjustmeansthateachlinehasfour("tetra")iambsAniambisashort,unaccentedsyllablefollowedbyalonger,accentedsyllableIwan|deredlone|lyas|acloudThatfloats|onhigh|o’ervales|andhillsSpeakerPointofViewSpeakerPointofViewWhoisthespeaker,cansheorhereadminds,and,moreimportantly,canwetrustherorhimThespeakerisalonelypoetwhohaslearnedhowtokeephimselfcompanybyviewingnatureas"peopled"bythingsThefirsttwolinesmakehimsoundalmostlikethecliché'kli:ʃei(陈词滥调老生常谈)ofaRomanticpoet:hissensitiveandintelligentnatureputshimsofaraboveeveryoneandeverythingelsethathecan’thelpbutfeelanoblelonelinessHelivesinaruralareaandlikestotakelongwalksbyhimself,whichisn’texactlythebestcureforlonelinessFortunately,thespeakerdoesn’tstayinthisfunk(畏缩)forlongHehasavibrant(充满生气的)imagination,andcancreatetheeffectofhavingpeoplearoundhimwithoutactuallyhavingpeoplearoundhimWeknowthatthespeakerisapoetbecausehetellsussoinlineHespeaksinthethirdperson,butweknowhe’stalkingabouthimselfAlso,wehavethesensethatthispoettakesnaturetobealmostareligion,andhebringsintensefocusandattentionwithhis"gaze"onnatureHealsohasan"inward,"spiritualeyethatseemsmorepowerful(oratleastequallypowerful)thanhisregularvisionTheDaffodils(Dance,DanceRevolution)SymbolAnalysisTheDaffodils(Dance,DanceRevolution)SymbolAnalysisLines:ThedaffodilsarepersonifiedasacrowdofpeopleThispersonificationwillcontinuethroughoutthepoemLines:Daffodilscannotactually"dance,"soWordsworthisascribingtothemanactionthatisassociatedwithpeopleLine:Thespeakersaysthatthelineofdaffodilsis"neverending,"butweknowthiscan’tbestrictlytrue:allgoodthingscometoanendThisisanexampleofhyperbole,orexaggerationLines:ThepersonificationofthedaffodilsbecomesmorespecificThe"heads"ofthedaffodilsarethepartoftheflowerwiththepetalsItislargerandheavierthanthestem,andsoitbobsinabreeze(Whenyouthinkaboutit,it’skindofamazinghowflowerssupportthemselvesatall)Lines:Thewavesalsogetinonsomeofthedancing(andpersonification)action,butthedaffodilsarenottobeoutdone–theyarehappierthanthewavesLines:Wordsworthimaginesthedaffodilsinhisspiritualvision,forwhichheusesthemetaphorofan"inwardeye"Hisheartdanceslikeaperson,toodaffodildaffodilIn"IwanderedlonelyasaCloud,"thedaffodilsarelikelittleyellowpeoplewhokeepthespeakercompanywhenheisfeelinglonelyThehappinessofthedaffodilscanalwayscheerhimup,andhecantellthattheyarehappybecausetheydanceSomevariationoftheword"dance"occursineachofthefourstanzasAlso,thespeakeristakenabackbyhowmanydaffodilsthereareWeoftenthinkofdaffodilsasaflowerthatpeopleplantintheirgardensinthespringtime,soitwouldbesurprisingtocomeuponthousandsofthembyanisolatedlakeQuestionsAboutHappinessQuestionsAboutHappinessWhydoyouthinkthespeakerislonelyatthebeginningofthepoemHowcanhetellthatthedaffodilsare"happy"Whydowethinkthatsomeobjectsarehappyandothers(likeacloud)arenotDoyouthinkthatthehappinessthespeakerexperienceswhenrememberingthedaffodilsisaspowerfulastheoriginalexperienceIfthinkingaboutthedaffodilsmakesthespeakerhappy,thenwhyishein"vacant"and"pensive"moodssooftenCouldn’thejustthinkabouttheflowersallthetimeOrisitnotthateasyThemeofHappinessThemeofHappinessItmakesyoufeelgoodaboutlifeItsaysthatevenwhenyouarebyyourselfandlonelyandmissingyourfriends,youcanuseyourimaginationtofinenewfriendsintheworldaroundyouAsJohnMiltonfamouslywrote,"Themindisitsownplace,andinitself,canmakeheavenofHell,andahellofHeaven"ThespeakerofthispoemmakesaheavenoutofawindydayandabunchofdaffodilsHishappinessdoesnotlastforever–he’snotthatunrealistic–butthedaffodilsgivehimalittleboostofjoywheneverheneedsit,likerecharginghisbatteriesQuestionsAboutManandtheNaturalWorldQuestionsAboutManandtheNaturalWorldDoyouthinkthere’ssomethingnobleaboutthespeaker'slonelinessifitresemblesnature’slonelinessWhywouldanypartofnaturebelonelyHowdidthosedaffodilsallgetonthatonebankoftheriverDoesthespeakerbelievethattheflowersmakeasgoodcompanyaspeopleHowmuchdoesthespeaker’smooddependonnature,andhowmuchdoeshisperceptionofnaturedependonhismoodThemeofManandtheNaturalWorldThemeofManandtheNaturalWorldWordsworthisthegranddaddyofallnaturepoets,andhe’sintopformin"IwanderedlonelyasaCloud"Inherjournalentryaboutthedayinquestion,Wordsworth'ssisterDorothywroteabouttheirsurpriseatfindingsomanydaffodilsinsuchastrangeplace,nexttoalakeandundersometrees"How’dthosegetthere"shewondered,evenguessingthatmaybetheseedsfloatedacrossthelakeTheeventisoneoftheminormiraclesthatnatureproducesallthetime,asanyonewhohasseenthedocumentaryPlanetEarthortheDisneymovieEarthknowsWordsworth’snatureisfulloflifeandvitalityHeappreciatesitswildnessandunpredictability,buthehumanizesthelandscapeandfitsittohisownmindThemeofSpiritualityThemeofSpiritualityThethcenturyScottishwriterThomasCarlylecoinedthephrase"naturalsupernaturalism,"whichhasbeenusedbylatercriticstodescribehowtheRomanticpoets,andespeciallyWordsworth,viewedthenaturalworldasaspiritualrealmTheideaisthatHeavencomesdowntoearthandisviewedaspartoftheworldThispoemillustratestheprincipleofnaturalsupernaturalismThedaffodilsarelikeangelsandtwinklingstars,andthe"bliss"ofheavenoccursinspeaker’simaginationHeusesChristianideasandimagestomakeanodetonaturewithoutanyreferencetoGodQuestionsAboutSpiritualityQuestionsAboutSpiritualityDoyouagreewithusthatthedaffodilsarecomparedtoangelsoratleastangelicbeingsWhatistheevidenceforandagainstthisargumentWhatistheeffectofalltheshiningandtwinklingthatoccursinthepoemWhatisthe"inwardeye"Istheword"eye"justametaphor,ordoesthespeakermeanitliterallyinsomesenseHowwouldyoudescribetherelationshipbetweentheearthandtheskyairatmosphereinthepoemWhichrealmdothedaffodilsbelongtoIwanderedlonelyasaCloud(Daffodils)ThemeofMemoryandthePastTheLakePoetsTheLakePoetsTheLakePoetsrefertoWordsworth,ColeridgeandSouthey,whohadlivedinthelakedistrictinthenorthwesternpartofEnglandandsharedacommunityofliteraryandsocialoutlookintheirworkTheLakePoetsTheLakePoetsThethreemainfiguresofwhathasbecomeknownastheLakesSchoolareWilliamWordsworth,SamuelTaylorColeridge,andRobertSoutheyTheywereassociatedwithseveralotherpoetsandwriters,includingDorothyWordsworth,CharlesLloyd,HartleyColeridge,JohnWilson,andThomasDeQuincey“LyricalBallads”“LyricalBallads”Thepublicationofthe“LyricalBallads”markedthebreakwithclassicism,andthebeginningoftheRomanticrevivalinEnglandThePrefacetothe“LyricalBallads”servedasthemanifestooftheEnglishRomanticMovementinpoetryThankYou!

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/55

Lecture 9 William wordsworth

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利