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首页 how to design a warehouse and layout.doc

how to design a warehouse and layout.doc

how to design a warehouse and l…

上传者: daisy 2013-01-03 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《how to design a warehouse and layoutdoc》,可适用于工程科技领域,主题内容包含HowtodesignawarehouseandlayoutSubject:warehousemanagementName:LiuXiaohuiFI符等。

HowtodesignawarehouseandlayoutSubject:warehousemanagementName:LiuXiaohuiFIN:GQZhouZhanxiangGMLuTongxinGTSunBoGWDate:warehouselayoutdesignistooptimizethewarehousingfunctionsandachievemaximumefficiencyandspaceutilizationAwarehouseistypicallydividedintoareastosupportyoureverydayprocessesTheseareasinclude:reservestorage,forwardpick,crossdocking,shipping,receiving,assemblyspecialhandlinglines,andqualityinspectionareaIdesignthewarehouseasthepictureAbigwarehouseneedsabigroomtoreceivegoodsanditalsoneedsabigroomtostoreandshipgoodsAsseeingthepicturethatwechoosethewidedoorsothatgoodscanbemovedapaceandsafelyCustomersdon’tneedmoreworryReceivingroomandshippingroomaresetindifferentsidessothattransportabsolutelyisintroubleTrucksgoanothersidetoloadafterunloadingIt’sverysimplefordriversandloadingworkersandunloadingworkersabsolutelyworksidebysideStorageroommustopenforallkindsofgoodsbecausetherewillaremanyordersofcustomersThewarehousewon’tbedevelopedasastrongwarehouseifitcannotsatisfydifferentcustomersOfcourse,wemustfindthegoodswhatisstoredintheretosavetimeandmoneyINCLUDEPICTURE"http:wwwstrategosinccomimagestransactionstoragesmlgif"Agoodwareousedesignandlayoutcanhelpus:)Usingthemostsuitableunitload)Makingthebestuseofspace)Minimizingmovement)Controllingmovementandlocation)Providingsafe,secureandenvironmentallysoundconditions)MaintainingatminimumoveralloperatingcostSuccessfulwarehouselayoutsmustadheretotheprinciples,regardlessofmaterialbeingstoredto:i)maximizetheuseofspaceii)maximizetheuseofequipmentiii)maximizetheuseoflaboriv)maximizeaccessibilitytoallitemsv)andmaximizeprotectionofallitemsHerearesomematerialhandingequipmentsInthewarehouse,peopleneedtousesomeequipmenttohelpthemselftoworkforkliftsForkliftsareacriticalelementofwarehousesanddistributioncentersIt’simperativethatthesestructuresbedesignedtoaccommodatetheirefficientandsafemovementInthecaseofDriveInDriveThruRacking,aforkliftneedstotravelinsideastoragebaythatismultiplepalletpositionsdeeptoplaceorretrieveapalletOftentimes,forkliftdriversareguidedintothebaythroughguiderailsonthefloorandthepalletisplacedoncantileveredarmsorrailsThesemaneuversrequirewelltrainedoperatorsSinceeverypalletrequiresthetrucktoenterthestoragestructure,damageismorecommonthanwithothertypesofstorageIndesigningadriveinsystem,dimensionsoftheforktruck,includingoverallwidthandmastwidth,mustbecarefullyconsidered。PalletApalletsometimescalledaskid,isaflattransportstructurethatsupportsgoodsinastablefashionwhilebeingliftedbyaforklift,palletjack,frontloaderorotherjackingdeviceApalletisthestructuralfoundationofaunitloadwhichallowshandlingandstorageefficienciesGoodsorshippingcontainersareoftenplacedonapalletsecuredwithstrapping,stretchwraporshrinkwrapandshippedPalletsmakeiteasiertomoveheavystacksLoadswithpalletsunderthemcanbehauledbyforklifttrucksofdifferentsizes,orevenbyhandpumpedandhanddrawnpalletjacksMovementiseasyonawide,strong,flatfloor:concreteisexcellentThegreatestinvestmentneededforeconomicalpalletuseisintheconstructionofcommercialorindustrialbuildingsPassagethroughdoorsandbuildingsmustbepossibleTohelpthisissue,somelaterpalletstandards(theUSMilitaryin,mm)aredesignedtopassthroughstandarddoorwaysOrganizationsusingstandardpalletsforloadingandunloadingcanhavemuchlowercostsforhandlingandstorage,withfastermaterialmovementthanbusinessesthatdonotTheexceptionsareestablishmentsthatmovesmallitemssuchasjewelryorlargeitemssuchascarsButeventheycanbeimprovedForinstance,thedistributorsofcostumejewelrynormallyusepalletsintheirwarehousesandcarmanufacturersusepalletstomovecomponentsandsparepartsconveyorAconveyorsystemisacommonpieceofmechanicalhandlingequipmentthatmovesmaterialsfromonelocationtoanotherConveyorsareespeciallyusefulinapplicationsinvolvingthetransportationofheavyorbulkymaterialsConveyorsystemsallowquickandefficienttransportationforawidevarietyofmaterials,whichmakethemverypopularinthematerialhandlingandpackagingindustriesManykindsofconveyingsystemsareavailable,andareusedaccordingtothevariousneedsofdifferentindustriesTherearechainconveyors(floorandoverhead)aswellChainconveyorsconsistofenclosedtracks,IBeam,towline,powerfree,andhandpushedtrolleysWarehousemanagementFirstofall,weshouldunderstandthatwhatiswarehouseGeneralInmyopinion,warehouseisanintegralpartofthegoodsandmaterialsupplysystemofanenterpriseitisalinktotheenterprise’sreserveofvariousmaterialturnovers,atthesametime,itisresponsibleforanumberoffunctionsinmaterialmanagementItsmajortaskisthesafekeepingofstockpiledmaterials,maintainingtheaccuratequantityandgoodquality,aswellasensuringthesafety,rapiddispatchandreceiptofmaterialsObjectiveInordertostandardizethewarehousemanagement,toensurethematerialassetsareingoodcondition,regulationsareimplementedinaccordancewiththecombinationofcompanyadministrationandfinancialmanagementtogetherwithsomespecificsituationsofthecompanyThen,weshouldknowthatintheplanningofthewarehouse,themostimportantpartisthewarehousemanagementWarehousemanagementSystem(WMS)AWMSisanITtoolcreatedtomeetthespecificoperationalneedsofthewarehouseItissimplyanintegrationofthevariousITelementsemployedinthewarehouse,includingcomputersystems,softwareanddatacollectionequipment(barcodeandRFID)intoacohesivesystemtoachievethefollowingobjectivesToprovidehighquality(accurate)informationonwhichoperationalandmanagementdecisionscanbebasedToidentify,profitandcoordinatethevarioustasksthatneedtobecarriedoutinthewarehouseTomaximizeperformanceofthewarehouseintermoflabours'productivityandkeyperformancetargets(Quotepg)Remarks:TheevolutionofwarehousemanagementsystemsisverysimilartothatofmanyothersoftwaresolutionsInitiallyasystemtocontrolmovementandstorageofmaterialswithinawarehouse,theroleofWMSisexpandingtoincludinglightmanufacturing,transportationmanagement,ordermanagement,andcompleteaccountingsystemsTousethegrandfatherofoperationsrelatedsoftware,MRP,asacomparison,materialrequirementsplanning(MRP)startedasasystemforplanningrawmaterialrequirementsinamanufacturingenvironmentSoonMRPevolvedintomanufacturingresourceplanning(MRPII),whichtookthebasicMRPsystemandaddedschedulingandcapacityplanninglogicEventuallyMRPIIevolvedintoenterpriseresourceplanning(ERP)incorporatingalltheMRPIIfunctionalitywithfullfinancialandcustomerandvendormanagementFunctionalityNow,whetherWMSevolvingintoawarehousefocusedERPsystemisagoodthingornotisuptodebate,WhatisclearisthattheexparisonoftheoverlapinfunctionalitybetweenWarehouseManagementSystemsEnterpriseResourcePlanning,DistributionRequirementsPlanning,TransportationManagementSystems,SupplyChainPlanning,AdvancedPlanningandScheduling,andManManagementExecutiongSystemswillonlyincreasethelevelofconfusionamongcompanieslookingforsoftwaresolutionsfortheiroperationsTheflowchartofWarehouseManagementOrdergoodsPurchasingOrderArrivalnoticeLackofsuppliesExaminegoodsandphysicalinventoryFillinWarehousinglistCheckthenumberMakeaninventoryofEnterwarehouseEverydayinventoryreportsDeliveryofcargofromstorageSortalphabeticallyIntocomputerMattersneedattention:StorageofgoodsmustnotbeindirectcontactwiththegroundinordertoavoidwetandbeneatlystackedPayattentiontothetemperatureandhumidityofthestorageareaMakesurethestorageareaisdryThewarehousemustbewaterproof,fireproof,andtheftprooftoensurethesafetyofthecommodityThereshouldbeinventorycardsoneveryshelfWhenputthingsinandout,rememberfirstlastoutColormanagementmethodcanalsobeused,suchasputdifferentcolorseveryweekormonth,toclearlyidentifythedateofpurchaseWarehousemanagementstaffshouldcommunicatewithorderingpersonnelinatimelymanner,inordertoaccommodatethearrivalofthegoodsAlsomakeinventoryshortagewarningnoticeintimetopreventoutofstockMakeaccesstogoodstimelyButinordertotakeintoaccounttheefficiencyandsecurity,thereshouldbeopeningtimerestrictionsRegistrationworkshouldbedonecarefully,inordertoclarifythedutyHowever,forsomecommodities(suchasfrozen,refrigeratedproducts),wecanputthewarehouseandsellingplacetogethertoavoidexpireThereshouldbeaccesscontroltothewarehouse

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