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首页 第76.77节下定决心--决策心理学(13.14)(Sectio…

第76.77节下定决心--决策心理学(13.14)(Section 76.77 Determination - decision making psychology (13.14)).doc

第76.77节下定决心--决策心理学(13&#…

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2018-12-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《第76.77节下定决心--决策心理学(13.14)(Section 76.77 Determination - decision making psychology (13.14))doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

第节下定决心决策心理学()(SectionDeterminationdecisionmakingpsychology())第节下定决心决策心理学()(SectionDeterminationdecisionmakingpsychology())Theseventysixthsection:Determinationdecisionmakingpsychology()Sowhat'stheresultoftheelectionTheLabourPartyledbyTonyBlairwonalandslidevictory!IfonlythefaceweresuitableHeightisnottheonlystrangefactorthataffectsthewaywelookatotherpeopleWeusedtohavemorehairthanwedonowWhenwewereapemen,ourfacesandbodieswerecoveredwiththickhairHowever,mostofourhairhasfadedafterthousandsofyearsofevolutionAsforwhythissituationoccurs,thereisstillalotofcontroversySomeresearchersthinkthat'sbecausewegraduallyleftthedarkwoodsandventuredintothewarmsteppes,sonomorehairneededtokeepwarmOtherresearchersbelievethatthelossofbodyandfacialhairistoreducetheriskofliceandparasitesthatcanspreaddiseaseInanycase,somepeoplechosetoreversetheoutcomeofevolutionandbegantoshowallkindsoffacialhairHowever,doingsohasunwittinglychangedtheperceptionandperceptionofpeoplearoundthemIn,psychologistRobertPellegrinistudiedtheeffectsoffacialhaironpersonalityperceptionhemanagedtofindyoungmenwhowerewillingtoshaveofftheirbeardsinthenameofsciencePellegrinitookapictureofeveryonebeforethebarberbegantodigathisbeardThen,withonlygoateeandmoustacheontheirfaces,theytookone,andtookoneatthetimeofthemoustache,andfinallytookoneafterthebeardwascompletelycleanPellegrini,pleaserandomlyselectedgroupsofpeopletoassessthepersonalityofpeopleindifferentphotosTheresultsshowedthatthemorebeardstherewere,themorelikelyitwastodescribepeople'spersonalityinphotographswithmasculine,mature,superior,selfconfidence,andbraveryPellegrinisaid:"ineveryshavenman,theremaybeabeardscreamingout"Ifso,theresultsofthecurrentstudyprovideastrongtheoreticalbasisforthisneed"Pellegrini'sresearchcanbeveryprofound,butforgettoaskaveryimportantquality:honestyIfhehadasked,hemightnothavecometosuchapositiveconclusionAccordingtoarecentsurvey,morethanofthepopulationintheWestthinkbeardsfreemenaremorehonestanddependablethanbeardedmenItisclearthatbeardscancausemotivestobeimpure,deliberatelyveiledandassociatedwithbadhygienichabitsAlthoughitdoesn'tmatterwhetheryouhaveabeardornot,thestereotypeofabeardaffectsallovertheworldInthe"Forbes"listoftherichestpeopleinthetopwithoutabeard,fromthebeginningof,victoryintheUSpresidentialelectioncandidatesdonothaveabeard,perhapsisthereasonwhyPsychologistshavedonealotofresearchintotheeffectsoffacialfeaturesonpersonalityandabilityperception,andthestudyofthebeardisonlyasmallaspectofitRecently,AlexanderTodorovandcolleaguesfromthePrincetonUniversitypublishedastudyclaimingthatfacialfeaturesplayacrucialroleinpeople'spoliticalcareersTuoduoloveletthestudentswatchafewgroupsofblackandwhiteheadcloseuppicturesofpeopleare,andtheUnitedStatesSenateelectionwinnersandlosersTodorovaskedthestudentstopointoutwhichofthemwasbetterqualifiedforeachsenatorAlthoughthestudentsjustglancedatthepictures,theirchoicecoincidedwiththeactualelectionresultsbyasmuchasNotonlythat,butalsocanpredicttheelectionresultmoreaccuratelyaccordingtothedifferenceofthestudents'viewIfmoststudentsfeelthatoneofthepicturesofapersonlooksthemostcapable,thenthepersonisclearlythewinnerintheelectionIfthereisabigdifferenceinthestudents'views,itisunlikelytoaccuratelyreflecttheactualresultsoftheelectionTheseventyseventhsection:Determinationdecisionmakingpsychology()Ifthestereotypeoffacialfeaturescanaffecttheballotboxintheballotbox,arethereanyothersceneswherefacialfeaturesarecriticalForexample,doesthisstereotypeaffecthowpeopleareconvictedincourtSo,jury,doesthislooklikethefaceofacoldbloodedkillerInthesecondchapter,Idescribehowmyfirstmassmediapsychologyexperiment,withSirRobinDay'shelp,wasdesignedtoexplorethepsychologyoflyingThreeyearslater,IwentbacktothesamestudioanddidsecondexperimentsThistimetheexperimentwasmuchlargerandmuchmorecomplicatedthanthefirstexperimentThistime,wewanttoseeifjusticeisblind(justice,is,blind),theoriginalmeaningis"justicedoesn'tlookatpeople"Theauthordeliberatelydistortsblindinto"blind"hereTheinspirationforthestudycamefromtheoccasionalGaryLarsencartoonexpeditionThecartoonsceneisacourt,thedefendant'slawyerissaidtothejuryThelawyerpointedtothedefendantandsaid,"well,thejury"Doesthislooklikethefaceofacoldbloodedkiller"SittingonthedockofamanbutthemaninWesterndressandleathershoes,thefacedoesnotappear,thereaderisatypicalcartoonsmiley:onbehalfofthetwoblackeyes,aconvexdownwardsemicirclerepresentstheshapeofthemouthsmileLikeallgoodcomedies,Larson'smangamademelaughfromthebottomofmyheart,butthenIwaslostinthoughtThejury'sdecisionsareserious,soit'simportantthattheystayasrationalaspossibleIthinkitwouldbeinterestingtotrythissocalledsenseofreasoninanexperimentalwaySo,inthelivebroadcastofBroadcastingBritishCorporation'sflagshiptechnologyshow"TomorrowWorld",weinvitetheaudiencetoplaytheroleofthejuryWe'llplayavideoofthemocktrial,andthenasktheaudiencetodetermineifthedefendantisguiltyinthevideoViewerscanvotebydialingtwodifferentphonenumbersButtheviewersdon'tknowWe'vedividedthecountryintotwobiggroupsWefoundthattheBroadcastingBritishCorporationprogramwascoveredbydifferenttransmittersacrossthecountryGenerallyspeaking,thesetransmitterstransmitthesamesignals,sothenationalTVviewersareallthesameHowever,inordertocoincidewiththeexperiment,theBroadcastingBritishCorporationcametousagreenlighttoletthesetransmitterstransmittwodifferentsignals,whichwillbetheBritishtelevisionaudienceoftwoviewerstoseetheOnedividesintotwo,groupistwodifferentprogramsTheaccusedwaschargedwithbreakinginandstealingacomputer,andalltelevisionviewerssawthesameevidenceofcrimeHowever,thetwogroupsofspectatorsseethedefendantsdifferentlyOneofthedefendantshadfacialfeaturesthatwereinperfectagreementwiththecommonlyseencriminalsacollapsednoseanddeepsunkensocketsAnotherdefendant'sfacialfeaturesgivetheimpressionofinnocencebaby'sfaceandclearblueeyesToensurethattheexperimentwasnotaffectedbyotherfactors,thetwodefendantsworeexactlythesameclothes,sittingintheexactsameseatonthedock,andwereexpressionless

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