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首页 Unit_1_Language_Testing_(3.4)

Unit_1_Language_Testing_(3.4).ppt

Unit_1_Language_Testing_(3.4)

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2012-12-17 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Unit_1_Language_Testing_(3.4)ppt》,可适用于外语资料领域

UnitLanguageTestingUnitLanguageTestingTextTypesofTestTeachingobjective:)Practicetwoimportantfastreadingskills:skimmingandscanning)KnowtheclassificationofEnglishtestsandthedivisioncriteriaAccordingtothematerial,testsfallintocategories:respectively,,,andThisdivisionisbasedonandNowreadquicklytolocateinthematerialtheexpressions)meaning“purpose”))))meaning“about”))Onthebasisofspecificdetailsinthetext,definethefourtestswithyourownwordsWhatdoyouthinkofsuchdivisionWhatdoyouthinkofsuchdivisionPersonally,thisdivisionisratherarbitraryandevens,fordifferenttestingmeansandpurposeswillbebinasingletestandwecanhardlydeterminetheyareetoaparticulartestWhatisidiomWhatisthefeatureofidioms)Structuralstability)Semanticunity)SemanticUnityMeaningofidiomcannotbededucedfromitsindividualconstituentThevariouswordswhichmakeuptheidiomhavelosttheirindividualidentityTheirmeaningsarenotrecognizableinthemeaningofthewholeidiom)StructuralStabilityThestructureofanidiomisfrozentosuchanextentthatitallowsfornochangeFirst,theconstituentofidiomcannotbereplacedSecondly,thewordordercannotbeinvertedorchangedThirdly,theconstituentsofidiomcannotbedeletedoraddedto,notevenanarticleFinally,manyidiomsaregrammaticallyunanalysableDifferentiatetheidiomsrelatedtoHARDWORKburnthemidnightoil:hitthebooks:dobackbreakingworkworklikeadog:falldownonthejob:workone’sfingerstothebone:toil:slaveaway:workaholic:Idiomsrelatedto“HardWork”Idiomsrelatedto“HardWork”BurningthemidnightoilMeaningToworklateintothenightOriginallythiswasbythelightofanoillamporcandleMorerecently,thephraseisusedfigurativelyClearly,wenolongerhavemuchcallforthatwordandithasfallenoutofuseHittheBooks:toprepareforclassesbyreadinganddoingallyourassignedhomeworkStudywithconcentratedeffort,asinAtexamtimeweallhitthebooksSlangfirsthalfofsDobackbreakingworkDobackbreakingworkAlso,breakone'sneckMakeagreateffort,workveryhardForexample,“I'vebeenbreakingmybackoverthisproblemforthepastweek”,orDon'tbreakyournecktogettherewe'llwaitforyouBothversionsofthisexpression,politeequivalentsofbreakone'sass,transfertheliteralfractureofone'sbackornecktofigurativeexertionWorklikeadogWorklikeadogAlso,worklikeabeaverorhorseorTrojanWorkveryenergeticallyandhard,asin“Sheworkedlikeabeavertocleanoutalltheclosets”,or“I'vebeenworkinglikeadogweedingthegarden”,or“He'sverystrongandworkslikeahorse”Thefirstofthesesimilesistheoldest,firstrecordedinthevariantsdatefromthesecondhalfofthesFalldownonthejobFalldownonthejobtofailtodosomethingthatyoushoulddo“Thearmedforceswilltakeoverifthelocalauthoritiesfalldownonthejob”Workone’sfingerstotheboneWorkone’sfingerstotheboneAlso,workone'stailorbuttoffExertoneself,laborveryhard,“She'sworkingherfingerstothebonetosupportherchildren”“IworkmytailoffandthenthegovernmenttakeshalfmyincomeintaxesThefirsthyperbole,withitsimageofworkingtheskinandfleshoffone'sfingers,datesfromthemidsthelesspolitevariantsdatefromthefirsthalfofthestoiltoilverbToexertone'smentalorphysicalpowers,usuallyunderdifficultyandtothepointofexhaustionToworkhard,tolaborwithslowprogressIhavenothingtoofferbutblood,toil,tearsandsweatWinstonChurchill()Analogy:Definition:Graceful:Clumsy::late:Askyourself:WhatistherelationshipbetweengracefulandclumsyTheyareantonymswork:laborBlue:skyArm:BodyMilk:BeveragePuppy:Dog::Kitten:TypesofAnalogies:battery:flsahlight::harddrive:computerfatigue:yawing::itching:scratchingobesity:fat::sickness:thinpoverty:wealth::sickness::healthChicago:Illinois:::Denever:ColoradoPound:kilogram::quart:literMarch:spring::December:winterBlue:sky::greengrassMilk:beverage::cupboard:furnitureAnalogyexercise:employ:wages::entrepreneur:wealthy:affluent::tired:dove:peace:::luckscissor:cut::needle:slender:skinny::clever:playwright:play:::songSilk:scarf:::sweaterlight:electricity:::songhealth:illness::government:cows:herd::bees:tiger:ferocious:::timidfalling:gravitation::collapse:university:institution::mayor:sand:desert::grass:flexible:bend::brittle:WordsExerciseofTextIWordsExerciseofTextIPutthefollowingsentencesintoEnglish::beaimedat,directtoward,intendfor,targetat:bedesignedto,beintendedto,bemeantto)全校性的宣传活动目的在于树立学术自由的精神。)温总理发表主旨演讲旨在于阐明中国对减排的坚定立场。Relevantexpressionsrelatedto“导致引起“sparkspurinducetriggerprovokeinitiatefuelfacilitate一个馒头引发的血案人为灾难一段时期来由于日方挑起的领土争端,中日关系在不断恶化手机用户实名登记引发了对个人隐私泄露的担忧。腐败和专制在北非引起了大规模抗议。需要减税和加薪推进国内消费。Onepillisguaranteedtosleep因饮食过度引起的消化不良。宣布解雇视力受损员工引起一系列的罢工。KeepingtheRMBexchangeratebasicallystablehadplayedanimportantroleinfacilitatingtherecoveryoftheglobaleconomyfromtheworstfinancialcrisisindecades 首相的演讲引起了她即将辞职的猜测。 allocate:Tosetapartforaspecialpurposedesignate:这块空地已被划出建造视听语音室。ThemoneymustbeallocatedwithgreatcareallocatedoctorstoquakehitareaassessassessThevalueofhisfixedassetisassessedatonemilliondollarsTibetansecessionistsshouldpreciselyassesstheinternalandexternalsituationsynonyms:appraise,calculate,estimate,evaluate,gauge,judge,rate,sizeupattainattainattainadiplomabyhardworkattainthepeakofhiscareereventuallyattainedtowisdomAttainment:amanofgreatattainmentFaithfulness,attaimentandelegancearethreebasicguidingprinciplesintranslation

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