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首页 Philip Freneau

Philip Freneau.doc

Philip Freneau

李志浩
2019-04-28 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Philip Freneaudoc》,可适用于外语资料领域

PhilipFreneau()“PoetoftheAmericanRevolution”美国革命诗人,“FatherofAmericanPoetry”美国诗歌之父HewasthemostsignificantpoetofthcenturyAmericaSomeofhisthemesandimagesanticipatedtheworksofsuchthcenturyAmericanRomanticwritersasCooper,Emerson,PoeandMelville世纪美国意义最重大的诗人,他诗歌的一些主题和意象在世纪美国浪漫作家爱默生、坡、朗费罗等人作品中流传。是爱默生、坡、朗费罗等人的文学传统的先驱。)Worksa)TheRisingGloryofAmerica《美洲光辉的兴起》b)TheHouseofNight,《夜之屋》c)TheBritishPrisonShip《英国囚船》d)TotheMemoryoftheBraveAmericans《纪念美国勇士》e)TheWildHoneySucklef)TheIndianBuryingGroundg)TheDyingIndian:TomoChequi《奄奄一息的印第安人:托姆柴吉》)LifeHewasborninNewYorkAt,heenteredPrincetonUniversityWhilestillanundergraduate,hewroteincollaborationwithoneofhisfriends(HHBrackenridge)apoementitled“TheRisingGloryofAmerica”LaterheattendedtheWarofIndependence,andhewascapturedbyBritisharmyinAfterbeingreleased,hepublished“TheBritishPrisonShip”inInthesameyear,hepublished“TotheMemoryoftheBraveAmericans”Afterwar,hesupportedJefferson,andcontributedgreatlytoAmericangovernmentButafteryearsold,helivedinpovertyAndatlasthediedinablizzard)Assessment:Almostaloneofhisgeneration,hemanagedtopeerthroughthepervasiveatmosphereofimitativeness,toseelifearounddirectly,toappreciatethenaturalscenesonthenewcontinentandthenativeIndiancivilizationSomeofhismostfamousworks,withtheirlyricquality,sensuousimagesandtheirfreshperceptionofnatureand“noblesavagery”aredirectlyAmerican)WritingandAchievementsMostpoems,politicalsatires,patrioticrevolutionaryverseswithdemocraticideasAmericansubjectmatter:Americanlandscape,Americanimages,hishatredtowardtheBritishcolonists,hisresentmenttowardslaverybrokethebounds,forerunnerswrote,contemporarylife,displayed,freshperceptionaboutnature)Commentonthepoem:BeforeFreneautherehadbeensomeAmericanpoetswho,however,wrotemostlyonthereligiousthemeandeitherinstyleorstructurallytheyimitatedEnglishpoetsFreneau,thefirstAmerican–bornpoet,wasoneoftheearliestwhocasttheireyesoverthenaturalsurroundingsoftheNewContinentandAmericansubjectmatterAsisdisplayedinthispoem:Honeysuckle,insteadofroseordaffodilbecametheobjectofdepictionitis“wild”justtoconveythefreshpercetionofthenaturalscenesonthenewcontinentTheflowers,similartotheearlyPuritansettlers,usedtobelievetheyweretheselectsofGodtobearrangedontheabundantland,butnowhavetowakeupfromthatfantasyandbemorerespectfultonaturallawTimeisconstantbutthetimeofalifeisshortanyfavorisrelativebutchangeisabsolutewithorwithouttheawareness,naturedevelops:flowerswereborn,bloomedanddeclinedtorepose,andhumanbeingswouldexistinexactlythesamewayAphilosophicalmeditationisindicatedbythedescriptionofthefateofatrivialwildplant)figuresofspeechusedinthepoempersonificationparallelismrepetitionhyperbolemetaphor

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