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首页 新东方英语四六级--专题八:虚拟语气

新东方英语四六级--专题八:虚拟语气.doc

新东方英语四六级--专题八:虚拟语气

小可爱去流浪
2019-05-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《新东方英语四六级--专题八:虚拟语气doc》,可适用于综合领域

一、虚拟语气If虚拟语气在非真实条件句中的应用真实条件句Ifthewinterisgone,IwillbewaitingforyouonsnowIftheworldisgone,IwillbewaitingforyouintheheavenIfyouaregone,IwillbemissingyouintearsIfIamgone,Iwillbefindingapersontotakecareofyou表示虚拟的时间If条件句的谓语形式主句的谓语形式现在weredidwould(couldshould,might)doIfIwereinyourplace,Iwouldnotreturnthecall过去haddonewould(could,should,might)havedoneIfshehadfurtherconsideredtheproblem,shemighthavecometothecorrectconclusion将来weretoshoulddowould(could,should,might)doIfyouweretoshoudgotothestreettomrrow,youwouldbeabletoseethefilmstar混合根据具体的时间来决定所用的虚拟形式IfIhadabike,IwouldhavelentittoTomyesterday,(条件含现在事实为过去)IfAlanhadfollowedtheDoctor’sadvice,hewouldbequiteallrightnow(过去条件现在事实)   例Theplatformwouldcollapseifallofyou    onitAstand    Bstood    Cwouldstand    Dhadstood例Ifyouhadtakenmyadvice,you    suchabigmistakeAcouldn’thavemade    Bcouldn’tmake  Cdidn’tmake    Dhadn’tmade例   yourhelp,we’dneverhavebeenabletogetoverthedifficultiesAHaditnot    BHaditnothad  CIfitwerenot  DIfwehadnothad例HadAlicebeenmorehardworking,she    IfAlicehadbeenmore…Ahadnotfailed  Bwouldnothavefailed    Cwouldnotfail  Dcouldnotbefailed特殊虚拟虚拟语气在含蓄条件句中的应用是一个常测项目:常测的有without butfor otherwise 等此类测试题通常选择would(或should couldmight)havedoneegThetrafficwasverybusyotherwiseI    heremiuntessoonerAwouldbe      Bshouldbe    Chadbeen    Dwouldhavebeen虚拟语气在以下从句中的应用也是一个常测项目。情况动词形式Wishifonly后的宾语从句.对将来发生的事情表示祝愿或愿望时宾语从句谓语动词用would(couldmight)动词原形.表示与现在事实相反的愿望时宾语从句的谓语动词用一般过去时或过去进行时。.对过去了生的事情表示遗憾后悔时宾语从句的谓语动词用过去完成时或couldwouldhavedone在It’s(highlyabout)timethat从句中That从句中的动词常用一般过去时Wouldratherwouldsoonerwouldjustassoon后的句子常用一般过去时表示现在或将来用过去完成时表示过去。在suggestdemand,require,insist等动词的宾语从句中.坚持(insist)HeinsistedthatIshouldstaytodinner.命令(command,order,direct).建议(advise,propose,suggest,move).要求(demand,require,request,askurge)(should)动词原形在与suggestion,proposal,motion(动议)requirement,order,decision,request,demandplan,recommendation等词有关的表语从句和同位语从句中在下列形容词、过去分词和名词作表语的“It’s…that…“:imporatnt,crucial,vital,necessaryessential,advisable,reasonableproper,impossible,strangenatural,suggested,requested,proposed,orderedInsisted,desiredapity,ashame,nowonder的句型中Lest,forfearthat,incasethat引导的从句   例Itwasproposedthatthematter    discussedatthenextmeetingAwillbe    Bwas      Cbe      Dwouldbe例Wedesirethatthetourleader    usimmediatelyofanychangeinplansAinform    Binforms    Cinformed    Dhasinformed例Itwasessentialthattheappicationforms      backbeforethedeadlineAmustbesent    Bwouldbesent    Cbesent    Dweresent例Iwishthattheweather    notsowarmnowAwas    Bwere    Cbe      Dis例LookattheterriblesituationIamin!IfonlyI    youradvice!Afollow    Bwouldfollow    Chadfollowed    Dhavefollowed例Irememberthestoryasif    AIhadjustreadit    BIjustreadit    CIhavejustreadit    DjustIreadit例Iwouldratheryou    yeaterdayAcame    Bwouldcome    Chadcome    Dwillcome例Thedriverlookedovertheenginecarefullylestit    wrongAhadgone    Bwent    Cgoes    Dgo二、状语从句.时间状语从句whenwhenever,as,whilebeforeafteruntiltill,sinceonce,assoonastheomment,theminuteinstantinstantly….地点状语从句where,wherever,anywhere,everywhere.原因状语从句because,assince,nowthat(既然由于),consideringthatonthegroundthatseeingthatinthat结果状语从句so…that,such…that,withtheresultthat目的状语从句sothat,inorderthatlestincase,forfearthat条件状语从句if,unless,supposingaslongas,onconditionthat,suppose,provided(that),butthat让步状语从句though,although,eventhoughif,nomatter…as方式状语从句as,asifthough,how,thewayJustas…so“正如…也……”比较状语从句as…as,notso…as,than,the…theegNosoonerhadwereachedthetopofthehill    weallsatdowntorestAwhen      Bthen      Cthan      DuntilegAmanescapedfromtheprisonlastnight,Itwasalongtime    theguardsdiscoveredwhathadhappenedAbefore      Buntil      Csince      Dwhen

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新东方英语四六级--专题八:虚拟语气

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