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首页 二战时各国的伙食标准(World food standards during World War…

二战时各国的伙食标准(World food standards during World War II).doc

二战时各国的伙食标准(World food standards…

北海道的冬天不适合说再见啊
2018-02-03 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《二战时各国的伙食标准(World food standards during World War II)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

二战时各国的伙食标准(WorldfoodstandardsduringWorldWarII)二战时各国的伙食标准(WorldfoodstandardsduringWorldWarII)ThefoodstandardofdifferentcountriesduringWorldWarIITheSovietUnionfoodAccordingtotherecordsofblackbreadatleastsavedthelivesofthousandpeople,nearlymillionpeopletomaintaincombatItsformulaissimple,butitiscomplicatedandprecise,itusuallytakesthreedaysDuringthebattleofStalingrad,SovietcommanderofhungeroftenputallthearmypersonnelwearwatchesorringstogetherfortheexchangetoswallowblackbreadandmeatsausageCannedmeatlunchofAmericanaidisastapleofWorldWarIIcoalition,formerSovietleaderKhrushchevhadevensaid,"nocannedluncheonmeat,oursoldierswillbenofoodtoeat"Theinternalpriceistwowatchesawholeblackbread,whenthesupplyisnotsmooth,ablackbreadissoldiersrationsSovietsoldiersmealsusuallyincludecabbagesoupboiledbuckwheatsoupShchiandKashaThesearethecommonstandardsofRussiacountryrawmaterialsAnoldRussiansaid:"ShchiEEKasha,PishaNasha"Themeaningis:"cabbagesoupandboiledbuckwheatsoup,weofteneat"Additionalfoodusuallyistea,coffee,salt,bread,pasta,fishorcannedmeatThefoodisverycommon,usuallythroughthesecalculations,leasetofoodcanprovideahalfpoundofweightforthearmyoftwelvemillionpeopleperpersonperdayinthewarThesefoodsareverycommonin,yearslater,throughtheleasetotherawmaterialthingsisalsoverycommonTheserawmaterialsareoftenreferredtoasthe"secondfront"andtheeggpowderiscalled"Roosevelt'segg"Theaidmaterialsincludeflour,drypeas,beans,sugarandcannedmeatThereareotherTushonkaButter,agelmadeofmashedvegetables,things,oil,margarine,cannedordriedbulkmilk,egg,flourandcoarsedrycoffeeAlthoughthesupplyofcoffeehasnotstopped,butisstillcommonintraditionalteabeverageVodkaandotheralcoholicbeverages,isoftenneededtroopsAslongaspossible,thesoldierswilldrinkitAcapturedGermanwineisusuallybetterthanformalrationingforcesAsoldiermaylovewinebrandtothelocalcountryMoumouhaveGermanfoodThemealsarebasicallythreemealsadayThelunchdinneraccountedfor,accountedfor,accountedforofthebreakfasthabits,withtheGermanstakinglunchforthedailydiningcenterIVerpflegungssatzIthehighestprioritylevelfoodIncluding:BlackbreadgramsButter(margarine)orgramsofediblefatSausage(rawcannedfood)grams(sometimesfish)JamorartificialhoneygramsBoiledpotatoes,gramsofvegetablesgramsofmeatgramsofvegetableoranimalfatsSeasoninggramsCoffeebeans(sometimeswithBlackTeainsteadofgrams)bagsofchocolateorcandyCigarettepaperThesefoodcansandpaperwrappedintocartonsTheactualsituationoffoodsupplyduringtheperiodofthewarofthesoldiers:Forfoodinfrontlinecombatsoldiersfoodshouldusethecoverofdarknesstofrontinhours:"thenightafterthetransportationCorpswasshatteredbythearrivalofintermittentfightingofsilence,theydeliveredfood,andtakethesoldierstowriteletters,therearealreadytwoweeksnoonetocollecttheselettersSendfoodiscoldcoffee,andthepotboiledchowder,eachofushasgothalfalargepieceofbread,aspoonfulofmargarineandartificialhoneyandgramsofcarnivorousorcheeseThehungrywecan'ttakethesethingsatall,becausethenexttimethefoodsupplymaybesenttohourslater"Since,Supplementarytroopsfoodstandardisreduced,thetotalfoodhasnotdecreased,buttheproportionofmeatandfatisreduced,itisreplacedbythepotatoesandvegetablesTheGermanfromNorwaybeatGreece,fromGreecetomoscowGermansoldiersusespecialfoodsupplycardathomeonleavewhenBreadcertificateandfoodsupplycardprintingonapieceofcardboard,howmuchbreadiscutwithscissorshowmanygramsofbread,andthesoldiercardusedtogethercanenjoyfreesoldiersinwartimeTanjiafoodsupplyChinaArmyChinaKuomintangarmy*"beggartroops"Theshortageofmaterialsdifficulttorecharge,butthearmy*furtherdeteriorationoftheenvironmentforthesurvivalofthesoldiersEvenifisownarmy,thesoldiersarealwayshungry,notonlyfood,almostallsuppliesarescarceAmericansofChineseArmyfooddistributionsystemafterthesummary:inaccordancewiththearmyregulations,eachsoldiertoouncesperdaymeters,asaltafullmonth,ifthetotalspentonfood,amonthcanbuyapoundofporkAChinesesoldiersonthesequotascanwellmaintainthelifeHowever,thefactthattheyreallygetisonlyapartoftheirassignedtofoodandmoney,becauseofficialsaccustomedtohis"deduction"alargepartofTheresultisthatmostKuomintangsoldierslackofnutritionTheUnitedStatesArmyduringWorldWarII,accordingtotheChineselongtermlackofnutrition,poorstamina,affectthecombateffectiveness,byAmericannutritionexpertssupplystandard(perpersonperdayto):Rice:ounces(grams)Vegetables:ounces(grams)Soybean:ounces(grams)Peanuts:ounces(grams)Meat:ounces(grams)Vegetableoil:ounces(grams)Salt:ounces(grams)Fuel:ounces(grams)ouncesof=gInFebruary,,JiangJieshiapprovedthestandardOneafteranotherinGuiyang,Kunming,Baiseandothermilitarytrial**theEightRouteArmyShouldadmitthatthearmywascommanderofthesoldiersfromthepoliceingeneralcansharethejoysandsorrowsDuringtheAntiJapaneseWar,theKuomintangblockade,yearsafterthestopoftheEightRouteArmytroops,withthemagicoftheancientsagesofMaoArmygarrison,thearmytoputforward"yourself,haveamplefoodandclothing"slogan,launchedacampaigninYanan,cattleandsheep,smallpumpkin,NanniwanSteamedRicestrongsupporteightArmysoldiers,toowiththemontheantiJapanesewarTheShandongpeoplealsousepancakegreenprovidedforhisteam,packupafewscallionsinShandong"Theeightway"milletplusrifles"isnolongersimplebutthe**describetheimageofthearmy**inthefirstfewyears,arrivedinYanan,usheredinagoldenage""NoKuomintangtroopsbesieged,awayfromthe**invaders,stablelife,foodsecurityAftertheincident,thenationalgovernmenttostopthemilitaryblockadeandimplementmaterialsupplyinYananThegovernmentmobilizedtroopsandhorsesforwar,however,thecaseisextremelyseriousnaturaldisasters,foodYanan,thegeneralstaffoftheboardissmallSteamedRicepluspotatoes,cabbagesoup,aleveloftheoldcomradeswillrationingsomericeThedivisioncommanderLinBiaoseveraltimescorrespondentHuaKepleaseeateverytime,butisalsoanoldhenstewTheuniversityhadantisuchrecallfromto,inpoliticallife"Onlyasetofclothes,nochange,butonSundaytotherivertotakeofftheirclothes,abathintheriverside,washclothes,andputondryclothesbeforereturningbacktoschoolOnlyamonthlypocketmoneyLiveincavestodigtheirownfood,andburningfirewoodtotensofmilesoutsidetocarry,eatmostaresmallandSteamedRiceshanyaodanEachstudentmustshavetheirheads,someintellectualsalsoshavedheadandcry"Whenpeoplebutchertohelp,thenusedbythenorthernpeoplethrowawaythepigintestineawayrefining,whenfriendscomeover,milletricemixedwithlardisverydeliciousForthemilitaryandcivilianproduction,themosttangiblebenefitsistoimprovethelivingstandardsoffoodproduction,thearmyisfourdishesandonesoupAfterproduction,everyweekendcanplayatreatwithmuttonsoupandSteamedBunsBritishfoodTheRoyalArmyfoodisofcourselessfamouscornedbeefcannedfoodlevelslowerthantheUnitedStatesArmybutinGermanyandtheSovietUnionBritishdailyration:poundsorpoundsofmeatorfrozenmeat,cannedmeatorbaconpoundsorpoundsofbread,biscuitsorouncesofBacon(bacon)faceouncesofcheeseouncestoouncesouncesofteajamozSugarSaltouncesofpepperouncesofmustardouncesorouncesoffreshvegetables,dehydratedvegetablesGilacidOrangeJuice(onthelackofadequatefreshvegetablesundertheconditionasasubstitute,Gilisequaltopints)Gilrum(Gilpints)NomorethanouncesoftobaccoperweekAllowthefollowinguseofalternativefoodwhenitisnecessary:UseouncesofoatmealzhemiinsteadofouncesofbreadorbiscuitsTheuseofanounceofchocolateinsteadofouncesofteaUsepintsofblendingwine(Wine,brandy)insteadofrationspiritsUseouncesofnutsinsteadofouncesofjamUseouncesofbutter,lard,margarine,orpintofedibleoilinsteadofouncesofBacon(bacon)TheUnitedStatesArmyTheUnitedStatesisthemostabundantfoodOnthefieldofbattletohaveatasteofthecoffeepointmuchfirewoodandwater,andmoresuspectinfrontoftheignitionDutchact,sotheUnitedStatesquartermasterdepartmentrackingmybrainstofindafeasiblemethodforLetwo,acoffeeisgroundintofinepowder,madeofsolublecoffeetodrinkwaterThetwoistheoriginofcoffeebeansinbaking,andsmallbatchgrinding,instantdrinkCocaColachocolate,chewinggumandfieldboxes,wasafewpiecesofAmericansoldiersduringWorldWarIIfromtheuseofportableobjectsSelfproclaimed"secondteam"oftheUnitedStates,untilthelargescalewar,millionoutboundsoldiers,oneyearshoulddrinkbillionbottlesofcokeTheappearanceofcarelessandcasualbeautywithsoldierseverywhere,alwayschewinggumandchocolate,andsenttothesurroundingchildrenhappyThosepeopleinWesternEuropeiswarintopolahu,watchingwithenvyThisfieldisnotonlyasliceofbread,lunchboxes,lunchmeat,butterwithsaladcondiments,alsowithtwocamelsandmatch,afteramealcanalsodrawafewmouthThefoodtheyeateggpowderisthemainsourceofbreakfastmadewithavarietyofforms,ingeneral,isstirringNomatterhowdotheseeggs,roastGriddleCake,madewithflourandeggpowder,notonlyasaflyingsaucer,andalmostaslikeastwopeasThearmydistributed"tropicalbutter",becausetheproductionwhenconsideringarenotbadinanyenvironment,sonomatterwhatmeasuresaredifficulttomeltThebreadisfresh,cookedbythechefonthespot,butaretoorough,onlysuitableforFrenchtoastoreggpowderdoSometimestheoats,butlikethegluestickTheUnitedStatesissufficientwartimesupplies,eachshowingstrongeconomicstrengthandtechnologicalstrengthofmilitaryofficersandsoldiersareequippedwithseveralsetsofkhakiuniformsandwoolenuniformsandworkclothes,jacket,coat,downsleepingbags,leatherboots,raincoatandsoonIntermsoffood,mostofthecharacteristicsofallkindsofcannedretrofitIn,HomeierfoodcompanyintheUnitedStatesforthefirsttimetheproductionof"cannedluncheonmeat",duringthesecondworldwar,SpamcannedluncheonmeatbecamethemainsourceofproteininfoodbytheAlliedforcesAmericanrecipes,atnoonandintheevening,acannedfoodcannedstewedprunes,heatinginthewasteonthevegetablemeatmostofmincedmeat,Spamlunchmeat,knownasthe"mysterymeat"ManyintheUSmilitaryservicepersonnelallhatetoseespamluncheonmeatAmericansoldierscommented:"thechefsatbreakfastlunchdinnerfriedmeat,roastdinner,lunchmeat,putitinthericeinthemorningoftheseconddaylunchmeatpieGodknowstheygetsomuchlunchmeatfromwhere,mustbebarrelstoorder!JPamSpamlunchlunchmeat,meatpie,andJPamlunchmeatwithgrease!"Afterthewar,generalEisenhowermetPresidentHomeier,hethankedthemfortheSpamlunchmeat,thensmiledandadded:"butyouarenotnecessarytogiveussomuchinthepast"ManyinthepostwarusacceptfoodaidthatIlovetoeatlunchmeat,andmyagepeoplearelikethis,canbesaidtohavelunchmeatisinthedifficultyearsandenjoyabeautifulmemories,Igrewup,itisalwaysmyfavoriteIntheSecondWorldWar,theUSfoodfielddevelopsveryquicklyMorethankindsoffoodinthefieldCfood(individualcombatfood)isthemostcommonintheSecondWorldWar,thesoldierseatmostmealsItweighsaboutkg,therearekindsoffoodforthesoldiers,ofwhichcontainbeansTheUSalsoforspecialoperationsteams,includingjunglewarfareandMountainWarfareforces,developedaspecialfood,calledBtypefoodrationing,themainpersonsquadThewidelyusedindustrialproductionpackagingofcombatrationsduringWorldWarII(Combatrations),theevolutionandtheformulaisquitecomplexHeoftenheardfriendsseeWorldWarIIhasthreekinds,namelyC(Cration,K)rationsrations(Kration)andD(Dration)CcombatrationsfromthebeginningofdevelopedTheUSCcombatrationsspeciallydesignedforcombattroopsunderconditionsnorestaurant,easymanportable,meetthenutritionalmealsCcombatrationspackedinsmalltincansandabagaccessoriesThethreetincansismeat,knownastheMcomponentTheotherthreetincansisbread,knownastheBcomponentcansoffoodrationsInmostcases,theUSCcombatrationsforbuffetButitcanbeheatedandeatenTheMcomponenthasavarietyofformulations:meatandbeans,meatandvegetables,meatandmacaroni,bacon,eggandmeatandpotatoes,noodles,porkandSteamedRice,sausageandbeans,porkandbeans,Limabeansandbacon,chickenandvegetablesThesethingscookedandpackedintincans,packedinwoodenboxesorcartonstransportedtothefrontLogisticsstaffcateringcateringschemeaccordingtodifferentcombinationsForexample:Mcombinationschemeincludingham,Eggandmeatandpotatoes,beans,chicken,vegetablesMcombinationincludingporkandbeans,meat,pasta,hamandLimabeansItcanbeseenthatnomatterwhatkindofprogramarebothnutrition,caloriesandtasteBThereareavarietyofingredientsformula:biscuits,mixedcompressedcereal,peanutsugarorraisins,InstantCoffee,sucrose,instantpowderorlemonorangepowder,fruitjam,sugar,cocoapowderandmilkbrownsugarLogisticspersonnelcateringaccordingtodifferentrecipeswithdifferentingredientsForexample,Bcombinationschemeis:compressionofmixedbiscuits,cereal,coffee,sugar,sugarcoatedpeanutNoBandNoBcombination,justusethechocolatebeansinsteadofsugarcoatedpeanutPutthreecansthreecansofBandtheMtogetherisaCcombatrationsOfcourse,don'tforgettoallotabagaccessoriesAppendixpackagetherearenineseniorcigarettes,matches,waterpurificationtablets,toiletpaper,andchewinggumcanopenerGermanandJapaneseandBritishareparticularlyenviousofAmericancombatrationsandcigarettesNormandyafterlandingmanyAmericancapturedoutofcombatrationstoguardtheireatinganddrinking,theGermanwasterrified,becausetheyhaveneverseensuchgoodfoodJapanesefoodNocombatwillriceandvegetablerollby****Thefoodlooksverygood,butlaterbecomesextremelytemperpeopleAformerarmyinYokohamawhentheshipyardworkerrecruitssaid:"inthefirstdayofmyarmy,weeataspecialmeal,redbeancookedstickySteamedRicewhenweeat,butthebosssaid:"thisisthelastyoutoeatagoodmealFromnoweverythingwillbeharsh""Later,thearmyandNavyrecruitsusuallyeatbreakfastiscoolSteamedRicepluspicklesandacupofcoldtea,butalsotoeatquickly,inordertogetbacktomilitarytrainingLunchisSteamedRicemayaddalittlemeatorfishfordinner,itisjustabowlofvegetablesandalittlebitofSteamedRicetonga**armyShowafoodstandard:M:gramsMichael:gramsCannedmeat:gramsDryfood:gramsPickledcabbage:gramsSauce:gramsSalt:gramsSugar:gramsTea:gramsShortlybeforetheAzumadiarywhichcreateagreatsensation,alotofplacesthattheJapanesebattlefieldlogisticalabilityispoorAfewdaysbeforethetroopsofsoldierscanalsobeonownrationstolive,andthenstartdietingAdaytoeatarice(contractliters),foodiswhatapickle,candyisveryprecious,basicallycannotseewhattheanimalfoodToimprovethefoodonlyinthearmytoreartherestofthemealcaneataccordingtothestandardissuedbythemilitary,orconfiscationofgrain,"localforcesistheactualrobbery"Thelogisticssystemwasquite**garbage,especiallyfoodrations(thelittledevilsarecondemningah)andinvasionafterthestartofthewar,troopsonalocalfoodrationingcommand:grabselfsufficiency!Chinapeoplecanhavepigs,chicken,**devilinthewarrobberythanbanditswithoutTheJapanesejuniorofficersonthebattlefieldinSoutheastAsiamemories:eachtimeaforcetransferofthestation,onlytakeaboutdaysrations,ifnottotheresidentwithindays,thenthepmstartlineofpeopleintothejunglehuntingorgatheringwildfruit,andbegintoreducefoodrationsinthirddaysanditalsowrites,ifthetroopstothefront,sowilltheresidentcattlebelt,usedtoprovidecarnivorous,withoutfood,ofteneatJapanesekillprisoners,andeventheirowncomrades!

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二战时各国的伙食标准(World food standards during World War II)

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